BETA

Activities of Marcel KOLAJA

Plenary speeches (124)

Statement by the candidate Commission President (debate)
2019/07/16
Situation in Kashmir (debate)
2019/09/17
Situation in Kashmir (debate)
2019/09/17
Myanmar, notably the situation of the Rohingya
2019/09/19
Dossiers: 2019/2822(RSP)
Iran, notably the situation of women's rights defenders and imprisoned EU dual nationals
2019/09/19
Dossiers: 2019/2823(RSP)
Iran, notably the situation of women's rights defenders and imprisoned EU dual nationals
2019/09/19
Dossiers: 2019/2823(RSP)
Situation in Ukraine (debate)
2019/10/09
Authorization of GMOs (debate)
2019/10/09
Authorization of GMOs (debate)
2019/10/09
Fight against cancer (debate)
2019/10/09
Fight against cancer (debate)
2019/10/09
One-minute speeches on matters of political importance (debate)
2019/10/09
One-minute speeches on matters of political importance (debate)
2019/10/09
Criminalisation of sexual education in Poland (debate)
2019/10/21
Criminalisation of sexual education in Poland (debate)
2019/10/21
Storms in Europe – particularly the heavy rains in Spain and of the hurricane in Azores (Portugal) (debate)
2019/10/21
Storms in Europe – particularly the heavy rains in Spain and of the hurricane in Azores (Portugal) (debate)
2019/10/21
One-minute speeches on matters of political importance
2019/10/21
One-minute speeches on matters of political importance
2019/10/21
General budget of the European Union for 2020 - all sections (vote)
2019/10/23
Opening accession negotiations with North Macedonia and Albania (continuation of debate)
2019/10/23
Dossiers: 2019/2883(RSP)
The situation in Iraq, in particular the violent suppression of young people’s and students' protests (debate)
2019/10/23
Situation of migrants in Bosnia, in particular in Bihać (debate)
2019/11/14
Situation of migrants in Bosnia, in particular in Bihać (debate)
2019/11/14
EU accession to the Istanbul Convention and other measures to combat gender-based violence (debate)
2019/11/25
Dossiers: 2019/0132(NLE)
The 30th Anniversary of the Velvet revolution: importance of the fight for freedom and democracy in Central and Eastern Europe for the historical unification of Europe (debate)
2019/11/25
Children rights in occasion of the 30th anniversary of the Convention of the Rights of the Child (B9-0178/2019, B9-0179/2019, B9-0180/2019)
2019/11/26
Dossiers: 2019/2876(RSP)
Situation in Israel and Palestine, including the settlements (debate)
2019/11/27
Situation in the broader Middle East region, including the crisis in Iran, Iraq and Lebanon (debate)
2019/11/27
Humanitarian situation in Venezuela and migration and refugee crisis (debate)
2019/12/18
Situation of human rights and democracy in Nicaragua (debate)
2019/12/18
Dossiers: 2019/2978(RSP)
Situation of human rights and democracy in Nicaragua (debate)
2019/12/18
Dossiers: 2019/2978(RSP)
Violent crackdown on recent protests in Iran (debate)
2019/12/18
Dossiers: 2019/2993(RSP)
Protocol to the Agreement between the EU, Iceland and Norway concerning the criteria and mechanisms for establishing the State responsible for examining a request for asylum lodged in a Member State or in Iceland or Norway regarding the access to Eurodac for law enforcement purposes (A9-0053/2019 - Jadwiga Wiśniewska) (vote)
2020/01/15
Dossiers: 2018/0419(NLE)
Gender pay gap (B9-0069/2020, B9-0073/2020, B9-0083/2020, B9-0084/2020)
2020/01/30
Dossiers: 2019/2870(RSP)
The EU priorities for the 64th session of the UN Commission on the Status of Women (debate)
2020/02/12
Dossiers: 2019/2967(RSP)
False and Authentic Documents Online (FADO) system (debate)
2020/02/12
Dossiers: 2018/0330B(COD)
False and Authentic Documents Online (FADO) system (debate)
2020/02/12
Dossiers: 2018/0330B(COD)
State of play of the EU's fight against money laundering, in light of the Luanda Leaks (debate)
2020/02/12
Better internet for children (debate)
2020/02/12
Farm to Fork Strategy - the key role of farmers and rural areas (debate)
2020/02/13
Dossiers: 2020/2542(RSP)
Composition of committees and delegations
2020/02/13
Composition of committees and delegations
2020/02/13
Voting time
2020/02/13
Child labour in mines in Madagascar (B9-0101/2020, RC-B9-0102/2020, B9-0102/2020, B9-0103/2020, B9-0105/2020, B9-0107/2020, B9-0109/2020, B9-0112/2020) (vote)
2020/02/13
Dossiers: 2020/2552(RSP)
Child labour in mines in Madagascar (B9-0101/2020, RC-B9-0102/2020, B9-0102/2020, B9-0103/2020, B9-0105/2020, B9-0107/2020, B9-0109/2020, B9-0112/2020) (vote)
2020/02/13
Dossiers: 2020/2552(RSP)
The EU priorities for the 64th session of the UN Commission on the Status of Women (B9-0093/2020, B9-0095/2020) (vote)
2020/02/13
Dossiers: 2019/2967(RSP)
The EU’s public health strategy post-COVID-19 (continuation of debate)
2020/07/08
Second voting session
2020/07/08
The EU’s public health strategy post-COVID-19 (continuation of debate)
2020/07/08
Dossiers: 2020/2691(RSP)
The EU’s public health strategy post-COVID-19 (continuation of debate)
2020/07/08
Dossiers: 2020/2691(RSP)
Combatting the sexual abuse and sexual exploitation of children (debate)
2020/09/17
Presentation by the Council of its position on the draft general budget - 2021 financial year (debate)
2020/10/05
Women in decision making on company boards, including the state of play on the directive on improving the gender balance among non-executive directors of companies listed on stock exchanges and related measures (debate)
2020/10/05
Women in decision making on company boards, including the state of play on the directive on improving the gender balance among non-executive directors of companies listed on stock exchanges and related measures (debate)
2020/10/05
Reinforcing the Youth Guarantee (debate)
2020/10/05
Dossiers: 2020/2764(RSP)
Reinforcing the Youth Guarantee (debate)
2020/10/05
Dossiers: 2020/2764(RSP)
Presentation by the Council of its position on the draft general budget - 2021 financial year (debate)
2020/10/05
Women in decision making on company boards, including the state of play on the directive on improving the gender balance among non-executive directors of companies listed on stock exchanges and related measures (debate)
2020/10/05
Women in decision making on company boards, including the state of play on the directive on improving the gender balance among non-executive directors of companies listed on stock exchanges and related measures (debate)
2020/10/05
Reinforcing the Youth Guarantee (debate)
2020/10/05
Dossiers: 2020/2764(RSP)
Reinforcing the Youth Guarantee (debate)
2020/10/05
Dossiers: 2020/2764(RSP)
The impact of Covid-19 outbreak on long-term care facilities (debate)
2020/10/08
Eritrea, the case of Dawit Isaak
2020/10/08
Dossiers: 2020/2813(RSP)
Eritrea, the case of Dawit Isaak
2020/10/08
Dossiers: 2020/2813(RSP)
Eritrea, the case of Dawit Isaak
2020/10/08
Dossiers: 2020/2813(RSP)
Digital Services Act: Improving the functioning of the Single Market - Digital Services Act: adapting commercial and civil law rules for commercial entities operating online - Digital Services Act and fundamental rights issues posed - Framework of ethical aspects of artificial intelligence, robotics and related technologies - Civil liability regime for artificial intelligence - Intellectual property rights for the development of artificial intelligence technologies (debate)
2020/10/19
Dossiers: 2020/2022(INI)
Digital Services Act: Improving the functioning of the Single Market - Digital Services Act: adapting commercial and civil law rules for commercial entities operating online - Digital Services Act and fundamental rights issues posed - Framework of ethical aspects of artificial intelligence, robotics and related technologies - Civil liability regime for artificial intelligence - Intellectual property rights for the development of artificial intelligence technologies (continuation of debate)
2020/10/19
Dossiers: 2020/2022(INI)
The future of European education in the context of Covid-19 (debate)
2020/10/19
Dossiers: 2020/2760(RSP)
The future of European education in the context of Covid-19 (debate)
2020/10/19
Dossiers: 2020/2760(RSP)
Obligations of the Commission in the field of visa reciprocity in accordance with Article 7 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1806 (debate)
2020/10/19
Dossiers: 2020/2605(RSP)
Obligations of the Commission in the field of visa reciprocity in accordance with Article 7 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1806 (debate)
2020/10/19
Dossiers: 2020/2605(RSP)
Recommendation to the Council and the VPC/HR concerning the Implementation and governance of Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) (short presentation)
2020/10/19
Dossiers: 2020/2080(INI)
Recommendation to the Council and the VPC/HR concerning the Implementation and governance of Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) (short presentation)
2020/10/19
Dossiers: 2020/2080(INI)
Report on the implementation of the EU Association Agreement with the Republic of Moldova (short presentation)
2020/10/19
Dossiers: 2019/2201(INI)
Report on the implementation of the EU Association Agreement with the Republic of Moldova (short presentation)
2020/10/19
Dossiers: 2019/2201(INI)
Third voting session
2020/10/20
Third voting session
2020/10/20
Deforestation (debate)
2020/10/21
Dossiers: 2020/2006(INL)
Announcement of voting results
2020/10/22
First voting session
2020/10/22
First voting session
2020/10/22
Gender Equality in EU’s foreign and security policy (debate)
2020/10/22
Dossiers: 2019/2167(INI)
The deteriorating situation of human rights in Algeria, in particular the case of journalist Khaled Drareni
2020/11/26
Dossiers: 2020/2880(RSP)
Situation in Ethiopia
2020/11/26
Dossiers: 2020/2881(RSP)
Situation in Ethiopia
2020/11/26
Dossiers: 2020/2881(RSP)
The continuous violations of human rights in Belarus, in particular the murder of Raman Bandarenka
2020/11/26
Dossiers: 2020/2882(RSP)
The continuous violations of human rights in Belarus, in particular the murder of Raman Bandarenka
2020/11/26
Dossiers: 2020/2882(RSP)
European Citizens’ Initiative – Minority SafePack (continuation of debate)
2020/12/14
Dossiers: 2020/2846(RSP)
European Citizens’ Initiative – Minority SafePack (continuation of debate)
2020/12/14
Dossiers: 2020/2846(RSP)
European Year of Rail (2021) (debate)
2020/12/14
Dossiers: 2020/0035(COD)
European Year of Rail (2021) (debate)
2020/12/14
Dossiers: 2020/0035(COD)
A new strategy for European SMEs (debate)
2020/12/14
Dossiers: 2020/2131(INI)
Inauguration of the new President of the United States and the current political situation (debate)
2021/01/20
Democratic scrutiny of social media and the protection of fundamental rights (debate)
2021/02/10
Voting session
2021/03/08
A WTO-compatible EU carbon border adjustment mechanism (continuation of debate)
2021/03/08
Dossiers: 2020/2043(INI)
The current political situation in Georgia (continuation of debate)
2021/03/09
The current political situation in Georgia (continuation of debate)
2021/03/09
The Syrian conflict – 10 years after the uprising (debate)
2021/03/09
The Syrian conflict - 10 years after the uprising (continuation of debate)
2021/03/09
Announcement by the President
2021/03/09
Dossiers: 2021/2576(RSP)
The Syrian conflict – 10 years after the uprising (continuation of debate)
2021/03/09
Dossiers: 2021/2576(RSP)
The Syrian conflict – 10 years after the uprising (continuation of debate)
2021/03/09
Dossiers: 2021/2576(RSP)
The current political situation in Georgia (continuation of debate)
2021/03/09
The current political situation in Georgia (continuation of debate)
2021/03/09
The Syrian conflict – 10 years after the uprising (debate)
2021/03/09
The Syrian conflict - 10 years after the uprising (continuation of debate)
2021/03/09
Announcement by the President
2021/03/09
Dossiers: 2021/2576(RSP)
The Syrian conflict – 10 years after the uprising (continuation of debate)
2021/03/09
Dossiers: 2021/2576(RSP)
The Syrian conflict – 10 years after the uprising (continuation of debate)
2021/03/09
Dossiers: 2021/2576(RSP)
Evaluation of the Geo-blocking Regulation (debate)
2021/03/11
Dossiers: 2021/2546(RSP)
Soil protection (debate)
2021/04/26
Dossiers: 2021/2548(RSP)
Soil protection (debate)
2021/04/26
Dossiers: 2021/2548(RSP)
Multiannual management plan for bluefin tuna in the eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (debate)
2021/04/26
Dossiers: 2019/0272(COD)
Multiannual management plan for bluefin tuna in the eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean (debate)
2021/04/26
Dossiers: 2019/0272(COD)
Preventing the dissemination of terrorist content online (debate)
2021/04/28
COVID-19 pandemic in Latin America
2021/04/29
Dossiers: 2021/2645(RSP)
Bolivia and the arrest of former President Jeanine Añez and other officials
2021/04/29
Dossiers: 2021/2646(RSP)
Bolivia and the arrest of former President Jeanine Añez and other officials
2021/04/29
Dossiers: 2021/2646(RSP)
Blasphemy laws in Pakistan, in particular the case Shagufta Kausar and Shafqat Emmanuel
2021/04/29
Dossiers: 2021/2647(RSP)
Blasphemy laws in Pakistan, in particular the case Shagufta Kausar and Shafqat Emmanuel
2021/04/29
Dossiers: 2021/2647(RSP)
Blasphemy laws in Pakistan, in particular the case Shagufta Kausar and Shafqat Emmanuel
2021/04/29
Dossiers: 2021/2647(RSP)
Blasphemy laws in Pakistan, in particular the case Shagufta Kausar and Shafqat Emmanuel
2021/04/29
Dossiers: 2021/2647(RSP)

Shadow reports (3)

REPORT on shaping digital education policy
2021/03/15
Committee: CULT
Dossiers: 2020/2135(INI)
Documents: PDF(287 KB) DOC(94 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Victor NEGRESCU', 'mepid': 88882}]
REPORT on artificial intelligence in education, culture and the audiovisual sector
2021/04/19
Committee: CULT
Dossiers: 2020/2017(INI)
Documents: PDF(328 KB) DOC(152 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Sabine VERHEYEN', 'mepid': 96756}]
REPORT on shaping the digital future of Europe: removing barriers to the functioning of the digital single market and improving the use of AI for European consumers
2021/04/27
Committee: IMCO
Dossiers: 2020/2216(INI)
Documents: PDF(436 KB) DOC(172 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Deirdre CLUNE', 'mepid': 124988}]

Opinions (1)

OPINION on artificial intelligence in criminal law and its use by the police and judicial authorities in criminal matters
2020/09/09
Committee: IMCO
Dossiers: 2020/2016(INI)
Documents: PDF(133 KB) DOC(74 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Marcel KOLAJA', 'mepid': 197546}]

Shadow opinions (9)

OPINION on Civil liability regime for artificial intelligence
2020/07/07
Committee: IMCO
Dossiers: 2020/2014(INL)
Documents: PDF(136 KB) DOC(54 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Svenja HAHN', 'mepid': 197444}]
OPINION with recommendations to the Commission on Digital Services Act: adapting commercial and civil law rules for commercial entities operating online
2020/07/09
Committee: IMCO
Dossiers: 2020/2019(INL)
Documents: PDF(170 KB) DOC(60 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Dita CHARANZOVÁ', 'mepid': 124708}]
OPINION with recommendations to the Commission on Digital Services Act: Improving the functioning of the Single Market
2020/07/22
Committee: CULT
Dossiers: 2020/2018(INL)
Documents: PDF(155 KB) DOC(59 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Petra KAMMEREVERT', 'mepid': 96837}]
OPINION with recommendations to the Commission on framework of ethical aspects of artificial intelligence, robotics and related technologies
2020/09/03
Committee: CULT
Dossiers: 2020/2012(INL)
Documents: PDF(133 KB) DOC(53 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Łukasz KOHUT', 'mepid': 197523}]
OPINION on intellectual property rights for the development of artificial intelligence technologies
2020/09/03
Committee: CULT
Dossiers: 2020/2015(INI)
Documents: PDF(130 KB) DOC(45 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Sabine VERHEYEN', 'mepid': 96756}]
OPINION on a new strategy for European SMEs
2020/09/30
Committee: IMCO
Dossiers: 2020/2131(INI)
Documents: PDF(138 KB) DOC(74 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Liesje SCHREINEMACHER', 'mepid': 197869}]
OPINION on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Regulation (EU) 2017/1129 as regards the EU Recovery prospectus and targeted adjustments for financial intermediaries to help the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic
2020/11/11
Committee: IMCO
Dossiers: 2020/0155(COD)
Documents: PDF(197 KB) DOC(165 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Virginie JORON', 'mepid': 197627}]
OPINION on a European strategy for data
2021/01/27
Committee: CULT
Dossiers: 2020/2217(INI)
Documents: PDF(135 KB) DOC(74 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Radka MAXOVÁ', 'mepid': 197522}]
OPINION on shaping the digital future of Europe: removing barriers to the functioning of the digital single market and improving the use of AI for European consumers
2021/03/16
Committee: CULT
Dossiers: 2020/2216(INI)
Documents: PDF(135 KB) DOC(74 KB)
Authors: [{'name': 'Sabine VERHEYEN', 'mepid': 96756}]

Institutional motions (4)

JOINT MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the Turkish military operation in northeast Syria and its consequences
2019/10/22
Dossiers: 2019/2886(RSP)
Documents: PDF(169 KB) DOC(58 KB)
MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the criminalisation of sexual education in Poland
2019/11/06
Dossiers: 2019/2891(RSP)
Documents: PDF(162 KB) DOC(53 KB)
MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on India’s Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019
2020/01/22
Dossiers: 2020/2519(RSP)
Documents: PDF(139 KB) DOC(48 KB)
JOINT MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on India’s Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019
2020/01/28
Dossiers: 2020/2519(RSP)
Documents: PDF(149 KB) DOC(50 KB)

Written explanations (11)

Foreign electoral interference and disinformation in national and European democratic processes (B9-0108/2019, B9-0111/2019)

The Pirate Delegation considers foreign electoral interference a critical problem that is becoming increasingly dangerous to our democratic institutions as the basis for peace and prosperity. Free and fair elections are a cornerstone of the European Union. Particularly, media pluralism, civic education, critical thinking, protection of privacy and freedom of speech are key to defending ourselves against foreign interference. However, our core principles of freedom of speech and the freedom of the internet are being challenged by paragraph 28 of the resolution, which calls on the Commission to ‘close down accounts of persons engaging in illegal activities aimed at the disruption of democratic processes or at instigating hate speech’. Closing down accounts could lead to the distortion of elections by excessive censorship. Free access to information is an essential prerequisite in countering disinformation and foreign electoral interference. Illegal content should be removed and, where applicable, those responsible prosecuted. Closing down accounts, however, would introduce a new type of sanction that could exclude citizens from communication channels needed for work, education and/or personal life. Restricting access to accounts would hamper the right to anonymous and free speech. We cannot support a policing of social media as it would create a dangerous precedent to any following legislative proposals.
2019/10/10
The Turkish military operation in northeast Syria and its consequences (RC-B9-0123/2019, B9-0123/2019, B9-0125/2019, B9-0126/2019, B9-0127/2019, B9-0128/2019, B9-0129/2019, B9-0133/2019)

It is our common position that Turkey cannot remain a credible candidate for joining the European Union as long as the Turkish Government maintains its unilateral intervention in North East Syria, which constitutes a grave violation of international law. We, however, strongly condemn the parts of this amendment that state that Turkey is not a European country. A great number of Turkish citizens have shown their enthusiasm for joining the EU on the basis of peace, rule of law, and fundamental freedoms. We therefore abstained on this amendment.
2019/10/24
Measures to strengthen administrative cooperation in order to combat VAT fraud (A9-0047/2019 - Lídia Pereira)

The delegation of the European Pirates considers VAT fraud an important topic that needs to be addressed. In this regard, we are grateful that it is being worked on. However, we cannot support the way the issue is being handled. The whole concept of retaining huge amounts of data without any clear selection of what really is needed and what is stored unnecessarily is problematic. At this moment, just 25 cross—border payments quarterly, including offline payments with credit cards, are enough to store payees’ data – including credit card numbers – for up to five years. This would create huge amounts of data that would flow with little restriction through databases, seriously lowering privacy and incurring infrastructure costs for such databases. Mainly, this whole solution is completely unproportional to real VAT fraud threats. Yes, we need to use modern technologies to help fight tax fraud. However, in this case, we are using a needlessly massive tool that is well capable of causing much more harm than good.
2019/12/17
The illegal trade in companion animals in the EU (B9-0088/2020)

. – Animal welfare is a crucial issue for us and we do see the positive idea behind this resolution. We do welcome fair treatment of companion animals and we do not, under any circumstances, support any unfair or illegal trade of those animals.However, there should be a balance between the aim of protecting animals and the right of individuals to respect for privacy. It is not necessary and proportionate to register the personal data of everyone who ever played a part in the life of an animal in a centralised register, as envisaged by this resolution. Likewise, Pirates are opposed to mandatory identification of users of online platforms, including where advertising pets for sale online. It is not justified to discriminate against users of digital marketplaces in comparison to real-life trading.Taking into consideration the relevant language in this resolution, we decided to abstain.
2020/02/12
The EU priorities for the 64th session of the UN Commission on the Status of Women (B9-0093/2020, B9-0095/2020)

. – We Pirates endorsed the Resolution on the Status of Women. We strive for gender equality and support many of the proposals in the resolution, such as the call to urgently conclude the ratification of the Istanbul Convention, to do more to close the gender pay and pension gap, to eliminate any gender biases in taxation systems or to include a gender perspective in the fight against climate change.However, we voted against point v on quotas. In our opinion, quotas do not constitute the right approach and may discriminate better qualified men and women. We believe skills and knowledge are the key aspects of qualification and they do not belong exclusively to one sex or the other. Every person should have equal access to positions according to their qualification without discrimination because of their gender, age, origin, religion etc.Instead of quotas, we stress the need to introduce other measures to enhance qualification-based representation in decision-making. To increase the participation of women therein and in the labour market in general, we advocate for gender pay transparency, investments in accessibility and affordability of childcare, suitable working environments and flexible working arrangements as some of the key preconditions.
2020/02/13
Framework of ethical aspects of artificial intelligence, robotics and related technologies (A9-0186/2020 - Ibán García Del Blanco)

. ‒ The European Pirates advocate new technology and see a great potential in the application of artificial intelligence, robotics, and related technology, from which society as a whole should benefit. We, therefore, support the report in defining important safeguards for the development of these technologies and a future regulatory framework, including risk assessment, security features, transparency and liability. However, it is also our job to define ethical limits for the use of new technologies. We cannot support the acceptance of remote biometric surveillance technologies used by public authorities in public spaces in this report. No safeguards can make indiscriminate mass surveillance and the chilling effect that comes with it acceptable. The report fails to clearly reject these policies and therefore we cannot support it.
2020/10/20
Civil liability regime for artificial intelligence (A9-0178/2020 - Axel Voss)

. ‒ The European Pirates support a future-oriented civil liability legal framework that provides confidence in the safety, reliability and consistency of AI products and services. The report provides positive points on attempting to clarify the definition of AI, calling for the inclusion of both material and immaterial harm in the scope of future legislation and introducing a high-level compensation system for victims of a high-risk AI system, without having to prove the fault (strict liability).However, the future framework has to strike a balance between efficiently and fairly protecting potential victims of harm or damage and, at the same time provide enough levy for all types of development of new technologies. Legal certainty has to be provided also for innovation in free and open source technologies that are not commercialised, but that are often used as a basis for transformed products and services commercialised at a later stage.Therefore, we insist on enabling all affected persons to bring forward liability claims throughout the commercial chain of producers. Thus, we oppose any vague definition of backend operators that doesn’t exclude non-commercial backend operators, and compensation provisions without limitation to the commercial chain.
2020/10/20
Intellectual property rights for the development of artificial intelligence technologies (A9-0176/2020 - Stéphane Séjourné)

In order to unlock the potential of AI technologies, it is necessary to remove unnecessary legal barriers on IPR so as not to hamper innovation in the Union. Therefore, the European Pirates support the call for an impact assessment with regard to the protection of IPRs in the context of the development of AI technologies. However, the objective should not be to add new layers of IP rights and should not call for additional protection, so that AI ‘made in Europe’ can really happen, as called for by the Commission. Furthermore, IPR protection should not be granted for AI to the detriment of open innovation and knowledge sharing. Therefore, we can’t support the report that over-emphasises the role of patent protection as the primary way to incentivise AI inventions and to promote their dissemination, as well as the key role of standard essential patents. Aggressive patent litigation by patent trolls is increasing and constitutes a threat especially for European SMEs. Finally, calling for mandatory IPR protection for creations generated by AI is not just out of the scope of the report but also disrespects the current rules of IPR.
2020/10/20
Addressing product safety in the single market (A9-0207/2020 - Marion Walsmann)

. ‒ The European Pirates agree that it is necessary to ensure that consumers are not exposed to unsafe products in market places, especially medical protective equipment. However, this cannot be achieved merely by increasing the responsibility of private companies and by obliging them to use automated technologies to tackle misleading practices and disinformation. Such technologies are inefficient as they make errors, leaving misleading practices online, while sometimes removing completely legitimate products. They fail to tackle disinformation or any other context-dependent speech even more often, as demonstrated by repeated mistakes made during the COVID-19 pandemic.
2020/11/25
Reducing inequalities with a special focus on in-work poverty (A9-0006/2021 - Özlem Demirel)

. ‒ Tackling in-work poverty is a critical issue and we support the majority of this report’s proposals. The reason why we abstained is the stance the report takes on sex work, labelling it a serious form of violence and exploitation. This perspective completely disregards situations in which prostitution is legal. Pirates are in favour of decriminalising and regulating sex work, with clear rules that protect the sex workers’ rights. We underline that they should always have the right and means to leave sex work and should be supported to have a real choice.On the other hand, we wish to highlight some of the important measures advocated by the report, such as strengthening investments in digital technology in rural areas. We need more available coverage, but also quality and efficiency that can sustain new modes of work and service delivery for remote regions. This can go a long way in reducing inequalities and increasing employment, as well as investments in lifelong learning and developing the digital skills necessary for the job market.
2021/02/09
Challenges ahead for women’s rights: more than 25 years after the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (B9-0114/2021)

This resolution highlighted many areas in which we need to make progress in order to achieve gender equality, such as pay transparency, stepping up the fight against gender-based violence, the role of education and zero tolerance for discrimination, access to safe and legal abortion, etc.However, it included two problematic points, which led to our abstention on the final vote. First, we do not support the introduction of binding quotas in elected bodies. We of course stand behind the representation of women, but quotas are not the right way to achieve it. On the contrary, they limit the free choice of voters, conflict with constitutional law, and could result in a discrimination vis-a-vis other groups, creating a system with no choice and not based on capabilities.Secondly, the resolution is calling for any actions to be used to eradicate hate speech and online harassment. As much as we might fight against these phenomena, we consider the use of ‘any’ means to be disproportionate and with the risk of opening the door to solutions we strongly oppose, such as error-prone automatic filters.
2021/02/11

Written questions (12)

Member States' obligation to ensure that users can effectively use exceptions and limitations, as provided for in Article 17(7) of Directive (EU) 2019/790
2019/09/09
Documents: PDF(41 KB) DOC(17 KB)
Commission position on copyright exceptions and limitations at the World Intellectual Property Organisation
2019/09/09
Documents: PDF(39 KB) DOC(18 KB)
Infringement of the European Electronic Communications Code (Directive (EU) 2018/1972) and Regulation (EU) 2015/2120
2019/11/08
Documents: PDF(45 KB) DOC(10 KB)
PPF Group’s acquisition of Central European Media Enterprises Ltd.
2020/02/07
Documents: PDF(41 KB) DOC(9 KB)
Risk assessment and forecast of the spread of SARS-CoV-2
2020/04/14
Documents: PDF(36 KB) DOC(9 KB)
The Commission’s request to video-streaming companies
2020/04/14
Documents: PDF(37 KB) DOC(9 KB)
French law aimed at combating hate content on the internet: inconsistency between the French bill and the e-Commerce Directive
2020/04/14
Documents: PDF(39 KB) DOC(9 KB)
Definion of beneficial owners under the anti-money laundering Directive
2020/06/11
Documents: PDF(38 KB) DOC(9 KB)
Commission intervention in South African copyright reform
2020/06/11
Documents: PDF(38 KB) DOC(10 KB)
Addressing the problem of patent trolls in the EU
2020/09/30
Documents: PDF(43 KB) DOC(10 KB)
Criminalising disinformation
2021/02/01
Documents: PDF(50 KB) DOC(10 KB)
Mobilisation of medical personnel under the EU Civil Protection Mechanism – Czechia’s eligibility
2021/03/22
Documents: PDF(42 KB) DOC(10 KB)

Amendments (185)

Amendment 5 #

2021/2007(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital B
B. whereas although intellectual property rights (IPR) are well regulated in most Member States, infringements and hold-backs are jeopardising the open system exceptions and limitations are still lacking in many areas, infringements are jeopardising the exclusivity of these rights, while thate leads to innovations; whereas counterfeit products are still abundant in the single market, with most of them entgal framework would deserve more openness, especially in a post-Covid world, in order to allow for more legal uses serving the EU through the digital market, causing financial losses of approximately EUR 60 billion per yearinnovation, not only for the benefit of society as a whole but also in the aim of placing the EU in a leading innovation position in the world;
2021/04/28
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 17 #

2021/2007(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1
1. Stresses the importance of better cooperation between the European Union and the Member States to harmonise IP legislation and facilitate the access of economic operators to IPR registration at EU level; recommends that the current legislation be adaptreformed in order to improve the functioning of the digital single market for IP; ; urges the Commission to issue its guidelines on the implementation of article 17 of Directive (EU) 2019/790, in order to assist Member States in implementing the Directive in line with fundamental rights, especially the right to freedom of expression and the right to privacy and data protection;
2021/04/28
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 22 #

2021/2007(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2
2. Calls on the Commission to formulate a strategy to tackle and minimise infringements, hold-backs, counterfeiting and piracy, which continue to thrive and have proven to be even more dangerous during the COVID-19 pandemic by fostering the circulation of quality content across the EU including by eliminating geo-blocking of copyright protected content or by open licences; warns against offensive IPR strategies which have proven to be even more dangerous during the COVID-19 pandemic, which resulted in lower access to essential protective equipment and vaccines;
2021/04/28
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 26 #

2021/2007(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2 a (new)
2a. Warns against any upload filtering measures; reminds that according to the Commission’s own impact assessment, these tools are not consistently accurate and there are very few possibilities to inspect their reliability; reminds that the use of such tools, although they are able to remove large volumes of content very fast, brings at the same time a set of challenges in particular with regard to more context-sensitive content; asks that any additional measures aimed at removing or disabling access to illegal content shall not be decided before the DSA will be fully implemented; in this respect calls for the Commission to issue guidelines on article 17 of Directive (EU) 2019/790; reminds that the European Commission defended the legal interpretation of Article 17 before the European Court of Justice, according to which only manifestly infringing uses of copyrighted content may be blocked;
2021/04/28
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 32 #

2021/2007(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3
3. Underlines that a green and digital recovery and resilience in the single market must be based on the full use of intangible assetcould be based on among others the use of intangible assets supported by a clear legal framework on the full implementation of limitations and exceptions to IPRs; highlights that different industries might require different approaches, as for instance in the ICT sector patents are often used for other reasons than to protect inventions resulting from research and development investments; warns that litigation and threat thereof can also be a burden on the patent system when abusive behaviour is widespread, notes that this has a negative impact on innovative business behaviour; therefore calls to improve the transparency of patent ownership, raising awareness of the advantages of the legal protection of computer programmes by copyright in line with Directive 2009/24/EC and to limit abusive litigation practices; highlights the importance of disseminating information about the benefits of IPopen innovation and the Commission’s support programmes for all economic operators, in particular SMEs;
2021/04/28
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 38 #

2021/2007(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 4
4. Urges the Commission to cooperate with the Member States to facilitate access to financial support and credits based on intangible assets in order to encourage SMEs to register their IP and reap the full benefits,; reminds that lowering barriers of access to data is essential to encourage the development of new services, therefore emphasises the need to address remaining uncertainties related to the legal performance of text and data mining that developers of AI may still face following the adoption of Directive (EU) 2019/790; calls on the Commission to issue guidance on how to reserve the right other than by machine readable means in order to make it publicly available for all, in a centralised way ensuring a faster and better economic recovery. ;
2021/04/28
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 43 #

2021/2007(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 4 a (new)
4a. Reminds that the Commission’s data strategy already foresees the re- evaluation of the IPR framework with a view to further enhance data access and use accordingly; recalls in this regard that the first evaluation of Directive 96/9/EC on the legal protection of databases stated that the introduction of the new “sui generis right” has achieved a decrease in the production of European databases, therefore encourages the Commission to repeal the directive;
2021/04/28
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 1 #

2020/2217(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1
1. Welcomes the Commission communication on a European strategy for data (COM(2020)0066) and endorses its objective to increase and improve the use of data in the EU and to create a single market for non-personal data in order to harness economic growth, competitiveness, innovation, job creation and societal progres, social and territorial cohesion in the EU by supporting job creation, competitiveness, sustainable development, research and innovation, and by making improvements to EU citizens’ quality of life, while preserving appropriate privacy safeguards;
2020/11/11
Committee: CULT
Amendment 6 #

2020/2217(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2
2. Recalls that in order to create a free and secure data flow with personal data and the protection of privacy at its core, it must be supported by data savvy and well-informed citizens across the Member States; points outPoints out that high level of digital skills is crucial for a person to fully participate in the digital economy and society; recalls that there are currently significant divffergences between Member States with regard to the digital literacy of their citizens; calls on the Commission to propose ambitious targets for digital literacy in the EU through the Digital Education Action Plan and to provide substantial support to the Member States to help them to achieve these targets; requests that special attention be paid to equal access to environmentally-friendly by design digital infrastructure, internet coverage and digital tools, without prejudice to the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality;
2020/11/11
Committee: CULT
Amendment 9 #

2020/2217(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2 a (new)
2 a. Highlights that the digital sector needs to put sustainability at its heart; reminds in that regard that both the green and digital transformation must go hand in hand and that investment in research and development of technologies is needed in order to reduce the carbon footprint;
2020/11/11
Committee: CULT
Amendment 13 #

2020/2217(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3
3. Stresses that the EU should prioritise digital literacy and competencies in its cohesion policy for 2021 and beyond, with a focus on supporting teachers and the heads of education institutions in implementing digital education throughout common curricula and on sharing best practices and know-how, without creating additional administrative or financial burdens; considers that educationstresses that diverse software, especially Free and Open Source Software (FOSS), should be focuspromoted oin practical skills for the future and be based on a long-term and comprehensive analysis of labour market needscurricula to avoid deepening of vendor lock-in; considers that education is a life long learning process aiming at empowering citizens through personal development, creativity and well-being; welcomes the Commission’s proposal to develop a common European skills database;
2020/11/11
Committee: CULT
Amendment 18 #

2020/2217(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 4
4. Highlights the urgent need to close the EU’s digital skills gap and considers that enhancanonymised graduate tracking and labourmechanisms at education system level can be used by services that help new students market data sharing will be invaluable tools to achieve this end informed choices about what to study, by teaching staff and institutional management as input for the design of courses and by government authorities to inform decisions about how to steer education systems; stresses the importance of fully abiding by EU rules on personal data protection when using these tools;
2020/11/11
Committee: CULT
Amendment 25 #

2020/2217(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5
5. Underlines the fact that while the increased use of anonymised data will transform our education systems, it will nevertheless be essential to maintain a human-centred and personalised approach to students and their needs; considers that open access to education and to scientific data and publications based on the FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable) data principles is essential for successful innovation and science;
2020/11/11
Committee: CULT
Amendment 34 #

2020/2217(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 6
6. Emphasises that the implementation of the European data strategy should take account of the specific needs of vulnerable groups; recalls that almost 100 million persons with disabilities in the EU are facing particular challenges in accessing digital tools and quality education such as people with disabilities, elderly people, people with fewer opportunities, refugees and others; calls on the Member States to make every effort to ensure that persons with disabilitiesno one is left behind and have full access to digital tools and infrastructure in order to harness the full potential of digitalisation and prevent a widening of gapsdivide between different parts of society in terms of access to digital education;
2020/11/11
Committee: CULT
Amendment 38 #

2020/2217(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 7
7. Calls on the Commission to explore the potential merits and scope of creating a common European data space for the cultural and creative industrysector at large; believes that the digitalisation of cultural heritage could be useful and beneficial in a wide variety of ways, by for instance facilitating physical protection and preservation or enabling three- dimensional virfor research purposes, education, tourism, cultural applications which could be suitable for a number of sectors, including tourism, linguistic and knowledge development; calls for the development of a common European data space on cultural heritage, which could be built on the basis of the Europeana Digital Service Infrastructure.
2020/11/11
Committee: CULT
Amendment 4 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital A
A. whereas substantial barriers still exist for the realisation of the full potential of the digital single market, and whereas a common, human and environmental centric, EU approach is essential for its success;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 5 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital B
B. whereas digitalisation done with citizen and sustainable environment goals in mind has the potential to add significant value to the single market as a whole, and is important for both traditional and non- traditional sectors and can be a competitive advantage on the global market;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 7 #

2020/2216(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1
1. Recalls that AI should be used in a fair and ethical manner fully compliandt with due respect for Union values and principles, human rights, freedom of expression, the right to privacy, data protection, non- discrimination, media pluralism and cultural diversity;
2021/02/02
Committee: CULT
Amendment 8 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital C
C. whereas the digital transition requires increased investment in key enablers of the digital economy and coordination with Green transition policies;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 11 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital E
E. whereas AI is, to a certain extent, already subject to many existing legislative requirements;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 12 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital F
F. whereas we need to build public trust in AI whileby including by default the full respect of fundamental rights, consumer protection, data protection and security and fostering innovation in Europe;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 13 #

2020/2216(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2
2. Stresses the crucial importance of a coherent visionstrategy at Union level in order to address the challenges of achieveing a genuine digital single market within an AI-powered society that would fully benefit users; believes that AI must be human-centred and trustworthy in order to truly empower citizens and society as a whole;
2021/02/02
Committee: CULT
Amendment 16 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1
1. Believes the EU needs to become a world leader in digital innovation; considers that the digital single market is about removing national barriers and synergies and enhancing the benefits for the European citizens, therefore having a better organised and common European approach for market integration and harmonisation can contribute to that result; believes that further actions are needed at both Member State and EU level to achieve this, including by eliminating unjustified geo-blocking;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 27 #

2020/2216(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3
3. DeploresWarns against the omission of culture from AI strategies and policy recommendations at both national and Union level; stresses the need to set up a clear legal framework that prioritisesconsidering culture in order to bring the Union to the forefront of AI-driven innovation and value creation worldwide and to maximise its benefits, while assessing its potential risks for society;
2021/02/02
Committee: CULT
Amendment 29 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 3
3. Believes that human and environmental centric digitalisation and technologies such as AI will be important for achieving the objectivetargets of the Green Deal and for economic recovery from the COVID-19 crisisto overcome some of the difficulties created by the COVID-19 crisis; points out the potential of digital solutions, such as teleworking and AI applications, to support the participation of people with disabilities in the Digital Single Market; considers that the COVID-19 crisis also offers an opportunity to speed up digitalisation, and that the digital transformation must serve the public interest overall;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 36 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 3 a (new)
3a. Believes that practices that undermine consumer experience, data protection and labour rights such as technology-enabled surveillance, monitoring and control in the workplace, such as prediction and flagging tools, remote monitoring and time-tracking and algorithmic management should be eliminated;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 38 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4
4. Highlights that the Commission should adopt a balancn evidence based approach to legislation in order to create a digital single market that is competitive, accessible, technologically neutral, innovation- friendly, human-centric and trustworthy, and that builds a secure data society and economy;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 40 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4 a (new)
4a. Points out that SMEs and other economic actors should use cooperation as much as possible, working in an ecosystem that benefits citizens and is able to support growth. The use of open source is a path towards open and sustainable digital transformation, both through open source software and open hardware - progressing towards European strategic autonomy in digital;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 41 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4 b (new)
4b. Calls on the Commission to assess the environmental impact of data sharing and the infrastructures required to ensure a sustainable digital deployment in line with the Green Deal; stresses that, despite the current high carbon footprint of development, deployment and use of artificial intelligence and machine learning, robotics and related technologies, those technologies can contribute to the reduction of the current environmental footprint; calls for the introduction of an EU digital sustainability index based on an analysis of product life cycles;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 42 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5
5. Calls on the Commission to follow the ‘one in, one out’ principle in its future legislative proposals, and to address the fragmentation of the digital single market, remove any existing unjustified barriers, and support innovation by reducing red tape;deleted
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 48 #

2020/2216(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5
5. Points out that AI can be an effective tool for tool to help enforcing the rules on online content, such as illegal content or fake news, through automated content filtering, andlagging, which can also be used to implement the ‘notice, take down and stay down’ and action' mechanisms; stresses, however, that AI may poses significant challenges to fundamental rights, in particular freedom of expression, as well as access to information, cultural diversity and media pluralism;
2021/02/02
Committee: CULT
Amendment 49 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 7
7. Calls on the Commission to increase support for key enableing sectors of the digital economy; stresses the need to avoid service provider or technological lock-in for public data collection processes and calls for all Union public procurement processes and funding programmes to include open data access, mandatory interoperability and portability requirements, as well as to promote the use of open-source software and hardware;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 51 #

2020/2216(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5 a (new)
5 a. Reminds that Article 13 of Charter of fundamental rights in the EU on Freedom of the arts and sciences states that the arts and scientific research must be free of constraint and that academic freedom must be respected; recalls the violation of artistic freedoms in Europe summarised in "the state of artistic freedom 2020" report;
2021/02/02
Committee: CULT
Amendment 56 #

2020/2216(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 6
6. Calls, therefore, for a balancedn approach between the deployment of automated enforcement andrespecting fundamental rights, and in line with the applicable regulatory framework, such as the AVMSD, the Copyright Directive and the future DSA.
2021/02/02
Committee: CULT
Amendment 70 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11 a (new)
11a. Stresses that enabling sharing and access to essential and well-defined data sets will be key to fully unlock the potential of the Green Deal; calls on the Commission to assess which datasets are essential for the ecological transition in the context of sustainable products and services, inter alia in product manufacturing, transportation, carbon, energy and biodiversity impact, as well as their end-of life handling; calls on the Commission to consider extending the scope of the high value datasets defined in Directive(EU) 2019/1024 on Open Data to private actors;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 71 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11 b (new)
11b. Believes that there is an urgent need to incentivise access to the data that is currently locked in the private sector, while ensuring that the use of public money always result in public data; in that regard, calls for the establishment of a “public money, public data” principle and call for incentives meant to give SMEs access to non personal data produced by other private stakeholders in a voluntary and mutually benefiting process;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 72 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 12
12. Recalls that we need a data economy that works for the entire EU, as it is a key enabler of digitalisation; believes that it is important for the EU to guarantee a high degree of control over data, with clear and balanced rules on intellectual property rights (IPR), but considers it essential to maintain openness towards third countries, and that the free flow of non-personal data across borders is important; considers it essential to maintain openness towards third countries;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 81 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 13
13. WBelcomesieves that the Digital Services Act proposed by the Commission; believes that this should contribute to supporting innovation, and removing unjustified and disproportionate barriers and restrictions to the provision of digital services while improving consumer protection;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 83 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 13 a (new)
13a. Calls for further support for European trade competition regulation making sure that European market will be active, highly competitive and resistant to foreign take overs; considers that further support is needed on screening procedures for further investment, with special scrutiny to be given to take overs of technological companies including SMEs and start-ups;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 89 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 14 a (new)
14a. Highlights that the sharing of data should be used to enhance competition; emphasises the need for adequate safeguards against market failures on data markets; suggests that the Commission takes advantage of the review of horizontal and vertical competition guidelines to introduce new tools to counter excessive market concentration, inherent to data markets, including, inter alia ongoing monitoring for at-risk- markets and, where necessary, ex-ante regulation;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 93 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 14 b (new)
14b. Calls to avoid encouraging a business model based on restricting access to data and knowledge, which is especially harmful to SMEs; therefore cautions against pushing for new IPR limitations and the use of trade secrets as a barrier, while advocating for removing restrictions on databases and ensuring that public data maintains its open character and cannot be privatised; reminds that according to the first evaluation of Directive 96/9/EC on the legal protection of databases, the introduction of a new “sui generis right” has led to a decrease in the production of European produced databases; therefore encourages the Commission to repeal Directive 96/9/EC;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 96 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 15
15. Strongly believes that AI can be a force for goodhas the potential to improve certain areas for all European citizens, and offer significant benefits and value for the economy, safety, security, education, healthcare, transport and the environmentbenefits for the economy; believes the security, inclusivenessnon- discrimination, accessibility and fairness, especially for groups in vulnerable situations, of AI-driven products and services need to be ensured;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 123 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 19
19. Welcomes the Commission’s white paper on AI, and calls on the Commission to develop a common EU regulatory framework for AI that is risk-based, proportionatemore detailed than high and low risk, and clear;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 127 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 19 a (new)
19a. Calls to safeguard that there is always human control over algorithms and ensure that proper and effective redress mechanisms are in place; in that regard, calls to ensure that algorithms are openly auditable; calls for a ban on facial recognition algorithms for the wide damage they pose to fundamental rights of individuals;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 133 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 20
20. Notes that, to varying degrees, AI is already subject to current European legislation, and calls on the Commission to issue clear guidance on the functioning and synergy between any current applicable legislation and any proposed new measures; considers it important not to over-regulate AI;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 139 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 21
21. Considers that AI is a fast moving technology that requires effective legislation; believes that achieve this AI needs to be functionally and broadly defined in a manner that covers all automated decision- making, complex algorithmic-based systems and machine or deep learning processes so any regulatory measures can remain flexible and adaptable in order to take into account future developments;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 150 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 24
24. Believes that such a framework should be based on an ethical, human- centric and principle-basedfundamental rights approach throughout the design, development and life cycle of AI products based on the preservation of fundamental rights and the principles of transparency, explainability (when relevant), and accountability;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 154 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 25
25. Believes that the scope of new regulatory requirements should be scaled so that AI deemed to pose the highest risk is subject to the most stringent regulatory requirements; calls on the Commission to develop an objective methodology for calculating the risk of harm, in addition to what already by exists in current consumer legislation; believes that such a methodology should avoid a restrictive, binary approach that could quickly become obsolete, and instead focus on the context, application and specific use of AI;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 162 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 27
27. Considers that a voluntary labelling scheme for trustworthy AI, based on clear and common guidance drawn up by the Commissionhigh level of protection of data and open technology for trustworthy AI, could help improve consumer trust;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 169 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 29
29. cCalls on the Commission and the Member States to makevaluate the use of innovative regulatory tools such as ‘regulatory sandboxes’ to help provide a clear path to scale-up for start-ups and small companies, regardless of the risk profile of their product; believes that these tools can help encourage innovation if applied in a controlled environment and without any detriment to consumer protection and other applicable rights;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 173 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 29 a (new)
29a. Points out that the most efficient way of reducing bias in data based systems is by ensuring that the maximum of non-personal data is available to train them, for which it is necessary to limit any unnecessary barrier to text-and-data mining, and to facilitate cross-border uses; notes in addition that public domain or freely licensed data are often used by AI and machine learning developers when selecting training data, both for ease of access and to avoid potential infringement liability exposure; believes therefore that publishing data under free licenses should be encouraged in order to prevent selection bias in training data, as it could lead to harmful bias in results; emphasises the need to address remaining uncertainties related to the legal performance of text and data mining that developers may still face;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 179 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 30
30. Believes that the use of high-risk AI should be limited to specific and clearly warranted purposesclearly defined, multi-level , in full respect of the applicable law and subject to transparency obligations; underlines that this will be decisive for ensuring public trust and support for the necessity and proportionality of the deployment of such technologies; calls on the Commission to carefully consider whether there are certainconsider use cases, situations or practices for which specific technical standards, including underlying algorithms, should be adopted; deems necessary, should such technical standards be adopted, that these are regularly reviewed by competent authorities and re-evaluated, given the fast pace of technological development;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 183 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 31
31. Calls on the Member States to encourage and support the establishment of specialised review boards for AI products and services in the Member States to assess the potential benefits and potential harm stemming from high-risk, impactful AI- based projects;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 191 #

2020/2216(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 32 a (new)
32a. Calls for impact assessments on the consequences of a digital future on people; recalls that those without digital skills are left behind and digital infrastructure cannot evolve and function without proper operators; calls for mitigation of negative impact through reskilling and upskilling; underlines that the gender dimension needs to be taken into account, given the insufficient representation of women in STEM and digital companies;
2021/01/26
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 78 #

2020/2141(DEC)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 65 a (new)
65 a. Underlines its obligation to manage directly or at least have direct control over the management of its critical infrastructures and sensitive, confidential data; instructs its administration to implement that obligation;
2021/02/09
Committee: CONT
Amendment 81 #

2020/2141(DEC)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 65 d (new)
65 d. Recognises the inherent risks to information security and privacy when Members and staff use third-party- dependent solutions for sharing sensitive data without Parliament being able to control how the data is handled; in compliance with the cybersecurity strategic orientations approved by the Bureau and in order to remedy that situation, requests to host in its servers its own, open source-based and secure solutions for virtual meetings and instant messaging, as it is now the case in core institutions among Member States such as the French central administration and the German Bundeswehr;
2021/02/09
Committee: CONT
Amendment 83 #

2020/2141(DEC)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 71
71. Requests that it be ensured that appropriate security measures are taken regarding the implementation of cloud solutions for Parliament to allow workloads to move between onsite and cloud-based computers as needs change and to provide therefore greater agility and more data deployment options via a hybrid cloud strategyincluding those enabling its institutional sovereignty; insists that the latter should be obtained by ensuring data ownership, data localisation on Union territory, no vendor lock-in effects and a multi-vendor approach allowing workloads and data to be migrated seamlessly between the different layers of the hybrid cloud (on premises, private and public cloud) as well as between cloud service providers as needs change and not only during the cloud services exit phase, in order to achieve greater agility and more data deployment options, as agreed by the ICT Innovation Strategy Working Group and confirmed at the Bureau last year;
2021/02/09
Committee: CONT
Amendment 8 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital A a (new)
A a. whereas in the digital era education systems need to conform to the needs of learners and not the other way around: whereas learners must not end up as passive technology consumers but be actively in charge of their technologies;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 10 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital A b (new)
A b. whereas the impact of digitalisation lies in the potential of accessible, open, social and personalised technologies that can bring about more inclusive learning paths and a learning continuum between formal, non-formal and informal learning;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 11 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital A c (new)
A c. whereas innovative education methodologies, enhanced through digital technologies, can equip citizens with life skills such as creative thinking, curiosity and problem-solving skills.
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 13 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital B
B. whereas digital technologies are reshaping society, making basic digital skills and digital literacy now essential for all citizens of all ages; whereas learners will never be on an equal footing to acquire digital skills as long as there are such large gaps in basic skills levels, particularly affecting disadvantaged groups and a high number of adults;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 28 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital D
D. whereas digital technologies harbour substantial potential for teachechallenges and opportunities for teachers, educators and learners across education sectors and settings;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 39 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital F
F. whereas the sudden shift to online and distance learning also revealed alarming gaps in the digital skills of teachers, educators, parents and learners and in their ability to use digital technologies effectively;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 57 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital H a (new)
H a. whereas teacher-student interaction is crucial to the well-being and development of students; whereas educational technologies should remain a support and not a replacement for the in- person education provided;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 108 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 6
6. Welcomes the Commission’s scheduled mid-term review of the plan and its intention to ramp up non-personal data collection; reiterates the need for a clear implementation timetable; remains convinced that the plan needs a clearer governance and coordination structure, in which Parliament should be involved, to monitor developments and performance on an ongoing basis; calls on the Commission, therefore, to establish a forum bringing together the Member States, Parliament and other relevant stakeholders and experts; urges the Commission to better integrate digital education into the European Semester exercise;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 119 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 7 a (new)
7 a. Calls on the Commission and Member States to pay attention to the validation of digital skills as well as to innovative digital validation tools and methods in the Digital Education Action Plan;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 120 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 7 b (new)
7 b. Recommends that the Commission merge the two separate platforms planned, the European Exchange Platform and the European Digital Education Hub given that they seem to have the same aim of sharing training materials and resources in digital education.
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 123 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 7 c (new)
7 c. Underlines that the post-pandemic recovery and revitalisation of European education policy is strictly connected to the other challenges that the European Union and the world are facing, starting with the climate crisis; is convinced that future education policy has to be deeply interconnected with social challenges as well as to the Green and digital transitions;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 124 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 7 d (new)
7 d. Encourages Member States to embrace innovation and include technologies in their education and training systems in a smart, learner- centred way, without forgetting that technology is to complement in-person learning and not to replace it;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 134 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 9
9. Insists that broadband should be considered a public good and be universally accessible as a critical step in closing the digital divide; calls for specific measures to enhance access for remote, rural and mountain areas with low connectivity and limited access to emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, blockchain, new educational devices or gamification, in the light of their growing importance and potential; calls for a new initiative on AI and robotics for education;inclusion of AI and robotics for education in the future AI legislation; encourages Member States to use available sources under the recovery funds to strengthen digital infrastructure and access to digital technologies for vulnerable groups
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 148 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 10 a (new)
10 a. Recalls that the rise of digital merchandising of educational resources poses risks in to the pedagogical freedom of teachers and educators, as well as data security and privacy concerns; believes that possible ways to balance out the digital space and ensure fairer outcomes for all would be to incentivise free and open source solutions and the interoperability of hardware and software;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 168 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11 a (new)
11 a. Believes that, in partnership with parents, health professionals, civil society and non-formal education providers, educational institutions need to develop an age-appropriate curriculum, to train people to be critical users of electronic media, to be able to make relevant and informed choices and avoid harmful behaviour; considers that there is a need to reflect on the negative impacts of prolonged “screen time” on the well-being of learners;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 172 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11 b (new)
11 b. Notes that training should involve courses on Free and Open Source Software in order to prevent vendor lock- ins in society and to clarify the principles of open technologies; underlines that open technologies support a sense of cooperation and thanks to new technologies such as 3D printing, facilitate access to research and to scientific and innovation communities;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 176 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11 c (new)
11 c. Recalls the importance of offering teachers, students and parents high- quality, accessible digital education contents from diversified sources; demands that sufficient funding is allocated to the acquisition of professionally produced contents to complement investments in infrastructures and teachers training
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 201 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 13
13. Underlines the need to enhance tools at Union level to open up lifelong learning opportunities and to enable full and quality access to university and post- university courses and materials; calls on the Commission to create an Oonline European Universityplatform with distance and online education and diverse content available across Europe;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 213 #

2020/2135(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 14 a (new)
14 a. Recalls that apart from digital proficiency courses, special focus should be given to awareness raising and training on how to detect fake news, disinformation and deep fake due to their detrimental effect on democratic principles and the functioning of our society;
2020/11/19
Committee: CULT
Amendment 7 #

2020/2131(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1
1. Welcomes the SME strategy and shares the Commission’s view that SMEs are essential to the European economy and central to achieving the green and digital transition of the EU economy in line with the objectives of the European Green Deal and the EU’s commitment under the Paris Agreement; Insists on sustainability to remain at the core objectives of relevant EU programmes to allow SMEs to take advantage of the green transition in terms of competitiveness, cost reduction and jobs creation; Stresses in this respect the need for increased financial budget to promote a SME-friendly environment and reiterates its position under the MFF Single Market Programme to double the allocation for COSME;
2020/07/15
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 12 #

2020/2131(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2
2. Stresses that the implementation of the SME strategy should focus on supporting SMEs to help them maintain their existence, creating an enabling regulatory environment and enhanced advice and technical support while further promoting innovative and sustainable solutions; calls for facilitating as much as possible their access to finance, including easy access to R&D funds, and providing enhanced technical support, such as in form of reinforced one-stop-shops and streamlined and easily accessible regulatory and administrative procedures, with a view to accelerate and take advantage of the green and digital transition, as the COVID-19 crisis has delivered a shock to many SMEs and their role in the everyday life of Europeans; , including in form of advantageous loans or bank guarantees;
2020/07/15
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 21 #

2020/2131(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3
3. NoteInsists that SMEs should be burdened as little as possible and encourages the Commission to use strong enforcement action to ensure that the single market benefits all businesses and consumers and to counter gold-plating and other regulatory restrictionreceive targeted support - i.e. technical, administrative and skills support - when implementing EU regulatory framework in order to ensure compliance with single market rules whilst administrative burden should be reduced to the minimum, including the threat of aggressive patent litigation, encourages the Commission to use strong enforcement action to ensure that the single market benefits all businesses and consumers; calls in this regard for particular attention to be given by the Commission to fighting unfair market practices within the internal market and better protection of SMEs;
2020/07/15
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 29 #

2020/2131(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3 a (new)
3a. Highlights that beside access to finance, SMEs encounter obstacles in terms of skills, including managerial skills, digital and sustainability related skills and knowledge; Calls for specific programmes to be financed at EU and national levels to enhance SME access to training and mentoring: Adds that particular attention should be given to promote female entrepreneurship;
2020/07/15
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 38 #

2020/2131(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 4
4. Highlights the crucial role of datanon- personal data and transfer of technology from the academia to SMEs as the lifeblood of the digital economy; supports the Commission in establishing European data spaces for trusted and secure non- personal data sharing to ramp up data flows between businesses and with government, NGOS and public sector; Stresses the importance of open data and knowledge sharing via open technologies for SMEs;
2020/07/15
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 51 #

2020/2131(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5
5. Encourages Member States to implement the single digital gateway in an SME-friendly way by cooperating closely with regional and local authorities and by providing easy digital access to information, procedures, assistance and services linked to doing business across borders, including advice on public procurement and funding sources;
2020/07/15
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 59 #

2020/2131(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 6
6. Calls on the Commission and Member States to simplify procurement tendering processes by using the flexibility of the EU’s new procurement framework and to enhance opportunities for SMEs including by using digital tools and platforms to expand national and cross- border procurement; stresses that green public procurement can make an important contribution to building a sustainable economyis a strategic tool to boost sustainable production and consumption patterns while supporting innovation from SMEs and calls for mandatory minimum targets to make systematic use of social and environmental criteria; Considers that national and European public administration is relatively risk-averse, and frequently lacks the skill set to procure innovation; emphasises that public administration should lead by example in procuring, products and services from innovative SMEs at public procurement procedure, and reminds that publicly financed code developed for the public sector should be made publicly available under free and open source software licence;
2020/07/15
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 73 #

2020/2131(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 7
7. Underlines the fact that late payments account for a quarter of all SME bankruptcies in the EU; urges the Commission to swiftly equip the Late Payment Directive1 with strong monitoring and enforcement tools and to take appropriate binding measures to reinforce the current framework, so as to ensure and promote prompt payments as a norm across the single market. _______________________________ 1Directive 2011/7/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 on combating late payment in commercial transactions, OJ L 48, 23.2.2011, p. 1.
2020/07/15
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 12 #

2020/2019(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1
1. WelcomesTakes note of the “CPC Common Position COVID-19”3 issued by the Commission and the Consumer Protection Cooperation (CPC) authorities of the Member States on the most recent reported scams and unfair practices in relation to the COVID-19 outbreak; calls on all platforms to cooperate with the Commission and the competent authorities to better identify illegal practices, take down scams and asks the Commission to constantly review the common guidelines for instead of general descriptions in order to speed up the tackling of the placement and/or sale of items and services of a false, misleading or otherwise abusive content for consumers; believes such guidelines should not only seek to applythat the current scrutiny of Union and national consumer law, but to proactively seek to should put in place the means to react to the crisis in the market rapidly; __________________ 3 European Commission / Consumer Protection Cooperation (CPC) Network, Common Position of CPC Authorities, “Stopping scams and tackling unfair business practices on online platforms in the context of the Coronavirus outbreak in the EU”.
2020/05/07
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 16 #

2020/2019(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1 a (new)
1a. Calls on the Commission to introduce a notice and action legislation, in order to make the removal of illegal content faster and more efficient; stresses that in order to uphold the right to effective remedy, notice and action procedures shall provide users with the right to appeal decisions honouring removal requests, but also decisions denying such requests;
2020/05/07
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 18 #

2020/2019(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1 b (new)
1b. Recalls that in line with Directive (EU) 2018/18081a (AVMS Directive) ex- ante control measures or upload filtering of content do not comply with Article 15 of the Directive 2000/31/EC; underlines therefore that the future Digital Services Act should prohibit imposing mandatory automated technologies to control content on hosting service providers or other intermediary services; __________________ 1a Directive (EU) 2018/1808 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 November 2018 amending Directive 2010/13/EU on the coordination of certain provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action in Member States concerning the provision of audio-visual media services (Audio- visual Media Services Directive) in view of changing market realities (OJ L 303, 28.11.2018, p. 69).
2020/05/07
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 20 #

2020/2019(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1 c (new)
1c. Asks the Commission to improve consumer rights in the future Digital Services Act, by introducing safeguards to prevent violations of fundamental rights of users, which are missing from Directive 2000/31/EC; notes that those should include, as a minimum, internal and external dispute mechanisms, and the clearly stated possibility of judicial redress;
2020/05/07
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 21 #

2020/2019(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1 d (new)
1d. Welcomes efforts to bring transparency to content removal; in order to verify compliance with the rules, underlines that the requirement to publish periodic transparency reports should be mandatory, and should include the number of notices, type of entities notifying content, nature of the content subject of complaint, response time by the intermediary, the number of appeals;
2020/05/07
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 22 #

2020/2019(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1 e (new)
1e. In order to verify such transparency reports and compliance with legal obligations, and in line with the Council of Europe Recommendation CM/Rec(2018)2, Member States should equally make available, publicly and in a regular manner, comprehensive information on the number, nature and legal basis of content restrictions or disclosures of personal data that they have addressed to intermediaries, including those based on international mutual legal assistance treaties, and on steps taken as a result of those requests;
2020/05/07
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 26 #

2020/2019(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2
2. Welcomes efforts to bring transparency to advertising online and considers that further clarity and guidance is needed as regards professional diligence and obligations for platforms; believes that where advertisers and intermediaries are established in a third country, they should designate a legal representative, established in the Union, who can be held accountable for the content of advertisements, in order to allow for consumer redress in the case of false or misleading advertisementthe functioning of online advertising ecosystem in order to establish professional diligence and obligations;
2020/05/07
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 37 #

2020/2019(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3
3. Asks the Commission to clarify what sanctions or other restrictions those advertisement intermediaries and platforms should be subject to if they knowingly accept false or misleading advertisements; believes that online platforms should actively monitor the advertisements shown on their sites, in order to ensure they do not profit from false or misleading advertisements, including from influencer marketing content which is not being disclosed as sponsored; underlines that advertisements for commercial products and services, and advertisements of a political or other naturenature, or public interest announcements are different in form and function and therefore should be subject to different guidelines and rules;
2020/05/07
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 43 #

2020/2019(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3 a (new)
3a. Underlines that video sharing platforms and social media have the capacity to amplify illegal content; calls on companies to make recommendation algorithms transparent, in order to give consumers and researchers insight into those processes, in particular on the data used, the purpose of the algorithm, personalisation, its outcomes and potential dangers, while respecting the principles of explicability, fairness and responsibility; stresses the need to guarantee and properly implement the right of users to opt in for recommended and personalised services;
2020/05/07
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 60 #

2020/2019(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5
5. Underlines that EULAs should always make the sharing of allny data with third parties optional unless vital to the functioningbased on the consent of the uservices; asks the Commission to ensure that consumers can still use a connected device for all its primary functions even if a consumer withdraws their consent to share non- operational data with the device manufacturer or third parties; calls for development of enforcement mechanisms providing monitoring of the consumer´s right to informed consent and freedom of choice when submitting data;
2020/05/07
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 67 #

2020/2019(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 6
6. Underlines that the Directive (EU) 2019/770 and Directive (EU) 2019/771 are still to be properly transposed and implemented; asks the Commission to take this into account before taking additional measures;
2020/05/07
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 73 #

2020/2019(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 7
7. Notes the rise of “smart contracts”, such as those based on distributed ledger technologies; asks the Commission to analyse if certain aspects of “smart contracts” should be clarified and if guidance should be given in order to ensure legal certainty for businesses and consumers; asks especially for the Commission to work to ensure that such contracts with consumers are valid and binding throughout the Union; that they meet the standards of consumer law, for example the right of withdrawal under Directive 2011/83/EU4 ; and that they are not subject to national barriers to application, such as notarisation requirements; __________________ 4 Directive 2011/83/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2011 on consumer rights, amending Council Directive 93/13/EEC and Directive 1999/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Council Directive 85/577/EEC and Directive 97/7/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 304, 22.11.2011, p. 64).
2020/05/07
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 80 #

2020/2019(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 8
8. Stresses that any future legislative proposals should seek to remove current and prevent potentially new barriers, lock- ins and reduced competition in the supply of digital services by online platforms; underlines, at the same time, that new Union obligations on platforms must have the public good at their core, be proportional and clear in nature in order to avoid unnecessary regulatory burdens or unnecessary restrictions; underlines the need to prevent gold-plating practices of Union legislation by Member States.
2020/05/07
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 84 #

2020/2019(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 8 a (new)
8a. Welcomes the Commission’s agreement with collaborative economy platforms allowing Eurostat to publish key data on tourism accommodation, as a first steps; asks the Commission to introduce further information obligations for collaborative economy platforms in line with data protection rules, as this is essential for local authorities, in order to ensure the availability of affordable housing.
2020/05/07
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 4 #

2020/2018(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1
1. Considers it necessary to adopt uniform, Union-wide rules to combat hatred and disinformation and to protect children and youth as well as rules governing online advertising and fair e- commerce and at the same time calls for a strict distinction to be made between illegal , illegally shared and harmful content and cases of disinformation, as different rules are applicable in each case;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 9 #

2020/2018(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1 a (new)
1a. Emphasises that the issue of the amplification of illegal content should be tackled by uniform rules on advertising and transparency measures for social networks about the ways they remove, hide or prioritise users’ contributions;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 16 #

2020/2018(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2
2. Calls on platform operators not only to immediately delete illegal content expeditiously after positive identification following a notification, but also to continuously transmit it to the law enforcement authorities for the purpose of further prosecution, including the metadata necessary for this purpose, and in all cases content providers have to be notified about the content removed, the legal basis and the possibility of redress;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 31 #

2020/2018(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3
3. Insists that the protection and promotion of freedom and diversity of opinion, information, the press and cultural forms of expression, as well as the protection of the privacy of communication between individuals, form the basis of liberal democracy and that this applies online without restriction; demands therefore that the use of allutomated technologically feasible means of combating harmful, illegal or illegally shared content on the internet in this context be subjected to careful prior constitutional vetting and therefore rejects prior checks on content as disproportiprohibition as disproportionate; and calls on the Commission to adopt uniform rules on notice and action procedure in order to speed up the removal of illegal or illegally shared conatent;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 37 #

2020/2018(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3 a (new)
3a. Emphasises that content, that is legal and legally shared under Union or national law, has to stay online and that any removal of content shall not lead to the identification of individual users nor to the processing of personal data;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 42 #

2020/2018(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3 b (new)
3b. Calls on the Commission to ensure that platform operators make available complaint and redress mechanisms for users and process them without undue delay;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 45 #

2020/2018(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3 c (new)
3c. Calls on the Commission to ensure that transparency reports are made available by platform operators which contain information about the number of cases where content was misidentified as illegal or as illegally shared and that competent authorities should make available information about the number of cases where removals lead to the investigation, and prosecution of crime;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 50 #

2020/2018(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 4
4. Emphasises that open, network and technology-neutral access to the internet must be particularly protected by law because it forms the basis for the necessary interoperability of services and systems, ensures diversity, enables fair competition and the creation of a digital service infrastructure that includes access for every single citizen of the Union to quality information, educational, scientific and cultural offers; calls therefore on the Commission to step up efforts to ensure the equal, non-discriminatory treatment of all data traffic in the Union and to critically re-examine the impact of zero-rated offers on competition in the Union.; reminds that open source software, open standards, and open techn ologies are best suited to ensure interoperability, fair competition, and accessibility;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 224 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 14
14. Calls on the Commission to require service providers to verifyrequire the information and identity of the business partners with whom they have a contractual commercial relationship, and to ensure that the information they provide is accurate and up-to-date; s defined in Regulation(EU) 2019/1150 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 on promoting fairness and transparency for business users of online intermediation services (‘P2B Regulation’), while preserving consumers’ anonymity; reminds that the verification of the identity of individual users would place extensive administrative burden on EU start-ups and SMEs competing on a global market;
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 247 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 15
15. Calls on the Commission to introduce enforceable obligations on internethosting service providers aimed at increasing transparency and information; considers that these obligations should be enforced by appropriate, effective and dissuasive penalties;
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 275 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 17
17. Believes that while AI-driven services, currently governed by the E- commerce Directive, have enormous potential to deliver benefits to consumers and service providers, the new Digital Services Actfuture legislation on artificial intelligence should also address the challenges they present in terms of ensuring non-discrimination, transparency and explainability of algorithms, as well as liability; points out the need to monitor algorithms and to assess associated risks, to use high quality and unbiased datasets, as well as to help individuals acquire access to diverse content, opinions, high quality products and services;
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 369 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 23
23. Stresses that maintaining safeguards from the legal liability regime for hosting intermediaries with regard to user-uploaded content and the general monitoring prohibition set out in Article 15 of the E-Commerce Directive are still relevant and need to be preserved; reminds that in line with Directive (EU) 2018/1808 (AVMS Directive) ex-ante control measures do not comply with article 15 of the Directive 2000/31/EC; underlines therefore that the future Digital Services Act should prohibit imposing on hosting service providers or other intermediary services mandatory automated technologies to control content;
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 568 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part II – paragraph 7
The Digital Services Act should apply without prejudice to the rules set out in other instruments, such as the General Data Protection Regulation2 (“GDPR”), the Copyright Directive3 and the Audio Visual Media Services Directive4 . __________________ 2Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation) (OJ L 119, 4.5.2016, p. 1). 3Directive (EU) 2019/790 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 April 2019 on copyright and related rights in the Digital Single Market and amending Directives 96/9/EC and 2001/29/EC (OJ L 130, 17.5.2019, p. 92). 4Directive 2010/13/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2010 on the coordination of certain provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action in Member States concerning the provision of audiovisual media services (Audiovisual Media Services Directive) (OJ L 95, 15.4.2010, p. 1).
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 609 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part IV – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – indent 1
- the information requirements in Article 5 of the E-Commerce Directive should be reinforced and the “Know Your Business Customer” principle should be introduced for business users of online market places; services providers should verify the identity of their business partners, including their company registration number or any equivalent means of identification including, if necessary, the verified national identity of their ultimate beneficial owner; that information should be accurate and up-to- date, and service providers should not be allowed to provide their services when they are notified that the identity of their business customer is false, misleading or otherwise invalid;
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 628 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part IV – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2 – indent 2
- explicitly mentioning in the contract terms and general conditions what is to be understood as illegal content according to the Union or national law applicable to the service(s) being provided;
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 656 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part IV – paragraph 1 – subheading 4
4. Artificial Intelligence and machine learningdeleted
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 658 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part IV – paragraph 1 – subheading 4
The revised provisions should: - non-discrimination, transparency, oversight and risk assessment of algorithms for AI-driven servicdeleted establish comprehensive rules ion order to ensure a higher level of consumer protection; - liability and redress mechanisms to deal with potential harms resulting from the use of AI applications and machine learning tools; - and security by default;establish clear accountability, establish the principle of safety
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 660 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part IV – paragraph 1 – subheading 4 – indent 1
- establish comprehensive rules on non-discrimination, transparency, oversight and risk assessment of algorithms for AI-driven services in order to ensure a higher level of consumer protection;deleted
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 665 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part IV – paragraph 1 – subheading 4 – indent 2
- establish clear accountability, liability and redress mechanisms to deal with potential harms resulting from the use of AI applications and machine learning tools;deleted
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 667 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part IV – paragraph 1 – subheading 4 – indent 3
- establish the principle of safety and security by default;deleted
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 692 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part V – paragraph 1 – indent 1
- clarify that any removal or disabling access to illegal content should not affect the fundamental rights and the legitimate interests of users and consumers; and that legal content should stay online;
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 705 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part V – paragraph 1 – indent 3
- preserve the underlying legal principle that online intermediaries should not be held directly liable for the acts of their users and that online intermediaries can continue moderating illegal content under fair and transparent terms and conditions of service, provided that they are applicable in a non-discriminatory manner;
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 712 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part V – paragraph 1 – indent 4
- introduce new transparency and independent oversight of the content moderation procedures and voluntary tools related to the removal of illegal content online; such systems and procedures should be available for auditing and testing by independent authorities.
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 733 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part V – paragraph 2 – indent 5
- clarify, in an intelligible way, existing concepts and processes such as “expeditious action” which should not result in extreme timeframes such as one hour removal time that is unfeasible especially for smaller intermediaries, “actual knowledge and awareness”, “targeted actions”, “notices' formats”, and “validity of notices”;
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 743 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part V – paragraph 2 – indent 8
- allow for the submission of anonymous complaintsnotices for certain manifestly illegal content as that can help increasing the removal of illegal content;
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 750 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part V – paragraph 2 – indent 11
- create an obligation for the online intermediaries to verify the notified content and reply to the notice provider and the content uploader with a reasoned decision, such a requirement to reply should include the reasoning behind the decision, how the decision was made, if the decision was made by a human or an automated decision agent and information about the possibility to appeal this decision by either party with the intermediary, courts or other entities;
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 754 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part V – paragraph 2 – indent 12
- provide remedies to contest the decision via a counter-notice, including if the content has been removed via voluntary automated solutions, unless such a counter- notice would conflict with an ongoing investigation by law enforcement authorities.
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 833 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part VI – paragraph 2 – indent 7
- address the liability for the online marketplaces when platforms have predominant influence over suppliers and essential elements of the economic transactions such as payment means, prices, default terms conditions, or conduct aimed at facilitating the sale of goods to a consumer on the European market, and there is no manufacturer, importer, or distributor established in the Union that can be held liable;deleted
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 836 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part VI – paragraph 2 – indent 8
- address the liability for online marketplaces if the online marketplace has not informed the consumer that a third party is the actual supplier of the goods or services, thus making the marketplace contractually liable vis-à-vis the consumer; liability should also be considered in case the marketplace provides misleading information, guarantees, or statements;deleted
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 885 #

2020/2018(INL)

Motion for a resolution
Annex I – part VII – paragraph 2 – indent 6
- impose high levels of interoperability and interconnectivity measures requiring “systemic platforms” to share appropriate tools, data, expertise, and resources deployed in order to limit the risks of users and consumers’ lock-in and the artificially binding users to one systemic platform with no possibility or incentives for switching between digital platforms or internet ecosystems. As part of those measures, the Commission should explore different technologies and open standards and protocols, including the possibility of a mechanical interface (Application Programming Interface) that allows users of competing platforms to dock on to the systemic platform and exchange information with it.
2020/05/18
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 1 #

2020/2016(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital A
A. whereas the functioning of the digital single market should be improved by reinforcing legal certainty for providers of artificial intelligence (AI), and reinforcing users’ trust by strengthening safeguards to ensure the rule of law and fundamental rights in particular the right to privacy and protection of personal data, right to equality and non-discrimination, and the right to good administration and a fair trial;
2020/06/17
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 5 #

2020/2016(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital A a (new)
A a. Whereas the testing and use of AI by police and judicial authorities is wide- spread, with different type of uses, consequences and risks that these entail namely, facial recognition systems, DNA profiling, predictive crime mapping, and mobile phone data extraction, advanced case-law search engines, online dispute resolution, and machine learning for administration of justice;
2020/06/17
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 8 #

2020/2016(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital A b (new)
A b. Whereas according to the report from the Fundamental Rights Agency there is still only limited information currently available on the possible use or testing of facial recognition technologies in Member States1a; __________________ 1aEuropean Union Agency for Fundamental Rights: Facial recognition technology: fundamental rights considerations in the context of law enforcement, (FRA Focus), 27 November 2019 https://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_ uploads/fra-2019-facial-recognition- technology-focus-paper-1_en.pdf
2020/06/17
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 10 #

2020/2016(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital A c (new)
A c. Whereas in those Member States where some information was available on the use of facial recognition technologies, data protection authorities found that the use of these technologies did not comply with data protection law and lacked legal basis for their deployment;
2020/06/17
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 12 #

2020/2016(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital A d (new)
A d. Whereas discrimination in data - driven algorithmic decision-making can occur during the design, testing, and implementation phase, through the biases that are incorporated in the datasets or the algorithms;
2020/06/17
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 15 #

2020/2016(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital A e (new)
A e. Whereas certain uses of AI technologies are particularly sensitive and prone to abuse, which recently made some technology companies decide to stop offering related software;
2020/06/17
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 21 #

2020/2016(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1
1. Considers that AI used by police and judicial authorities has to be categorised as high-risk, given that the role of these authorities is to defend the public interest and in view of the nature of their responsibility; considers that the EU should take the lead in laying down basic rules on the development and use of AI to ensure the same high level of consumer protection and uniform industry standards across the EU;
2020/06/17
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 27 #

2020/2016(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1 a (new)
1 a. Calls on the Commission to assess the AI technology available on the market and the level of use by police and judicial authorities on a country-by-country basis.
2020/06/17
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 36 #

2020/2016(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2 a (new)
2 a. Calls on the Commission to issue binding rules for companies to document the development of AI systems; notes in this regard that it is essential for the risk assessment documentation, the software documentation, the algorithms and data sets used to be fully accessible to market surveillance authorities, while respecting Union law;
2020/06/17
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 40 #

2020/2016(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3
3. Considers that Articles 18(2), 42 and 43, and Annex X of Directive 2014/24/EU on public procurement need to be updated so that police and judicial authorities can require that such tools should be released as open source software under the public procurement procedure, and that a fundamental rights audit should be part of a prior conformity assessment; believes that – while ensuring the respect of EU law and values and the applicable data protection rules, and without jeopardising investigations or criminal prosecutions – training data must be open data;
2020/06/17
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 53 #

2020/2016(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5
5. Insists that Member States shall ensure that citizens are informed when they are subject to the use of artificial intelligence and that effective complaint and redress procedures, including judicial redress should be made available to citizensthem;
2020/06/17
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 58 #

2020/2016(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 6
6. Recalls the high risk of abuse of certain types of AI, including facial recognition technologies in public spaces, automated behaviour detection and profiling to divide people into risk categories at borders, and calls on the Commission to ban them; utonomous lethal weapons, biometric detection and recognition for mass surveillance, mass- scale citizen scoring, and predictive policing, and calls on the Commission to ban all applications that are in the highest risk category and welcomes the fact that some technology companies already enacted such bans;
2020/06/17
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 6 #

2020/2015(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1
1. Recalls that artificial intelligence (AI) should serve humanity and that its benefits should be widely shared; stresses that, in the long-term, AI may surpass human intellectual capacity; stresses the need thereforee need to establish safeguards such as human control, transparency and verification of AI decision-making;
2020/04/08
Committee: CULT
Amendment 10 #

2020/2015(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1 a (new)
1a. Stresses that before launching any new initiative on copyright, ongoing international negotiations should be unblocked at WIPO Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights focusing on limitations and exceptions for libraries and archives and limitations and exceptions for education;
2020/04/08
Committee: CULT
Amendment 17 #

2020/2015(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2
2. Stresses that the EU should play an essential role in laying down basic principles on the development, programming and use of AI, notably in its regulations and codes of conduct;
2020/04/08
Committee: CULT
Amendment 25 #

2020/2015(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3
3. Recalls that AI cannot only perform activities which used to be exclusively human, but that it can also acquire and develop autonomous and cognitive features, through experience learning; stresses that AI systems can autonomously create and generate cultural and creative works, with only minimum human input; notes, moreover, that AI systems can evolve in an unpredictable way, by creating original works unknown to their initial programmers;deleted
2020/04/08
Committee: CULT
Amendment 35 #

2020/2015(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3 a (new)
3a. Considers that intellectual property rights for the development of artificial intelligence technologies should be distinguished from the IPR for content generated by AI; stresses the need to remove unnecessary legal barriers to AI development in order to unlock the potential of such technologies in culture and education;
2020/04/08
Committee: CULT
Amendment 36 #

2020/2015(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 4
4. Emphasises the need to address copyright issues relating to AI-generated cultural and creative works; underlines, in that context, the need to assess whether the notion of the human creator as the basis for the intellectual property rights (IPR) system is still adequate for AI- generated works; considers that automatically assigning the copyright of AI-generated works to the copyright holder of the AI software, algorithm or programme may not be the best way forward;deleted
2020/04/08
Committee: CULT
Amendment 48 #

2020/2015(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5
5. ExpStresses concern about the vacuum left between IPR and the development of AI, which could make cultural and creative industries vulnerable to AI-generated copyright-protected workthe need to monitor the evidence of substantial market failure or harm occurred due to the use of AI, in particular in cultural and creative industries; calls on the Commission to support a horizontal, evidence-based and technologically neutral approach to IPR applicable to AI- generated works;
2020/04/08
Committee: CULT
Amendment 52 #

2020/2015(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5 a (new)
5a. Points out that the most efficient way of reducing bias in AI systems is by ensuring that the maximum of data is available to train them, for which it is necessary to limit any unnecessary barrier to text-and-data mining and to facilitate cross-border uses;
2020/04/08
Committee: CULT
Amendment 57 #

2020/2015(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 6
6. Emphasises the need to address the issue of liability for copyright infringements made by AI systems, as well as the issue of data ownership.remaining uncertainties related to the legal performance of text and data mining that developers of AI may still face following the adoption of Directive (EU) 2019/790; calls on the Commission to issue guidance on how reserving the rights other than by machine readable means shall be made publicly available for all in a centralised way; considers that the issue of data ownership goes against further enhancing data access and use of data;
2020/04/08
Committee: CULT
Amendment 63 #

2020/2015(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 6 a (new)
6a. Stresses that access to and use of data can equally be prevented by other type of protection measures protecting data as property, such as sui generis rights protection of data basis; reminds that according to the first evaluation of Directive 96/9/EC on the legal protection of databases, the introduction of new “sui generis right” has achieved a decrease in the production of European databases; therefore encourages the Commission to repeal the Directive in line with the Commission's one in, one out principle;
2020/04/08
Committee: CULT
Amendment 66 #

2020/2015(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 6 b (new)
6b. Recalls the EU’s ethical duty to support development around the world by facilitating cross-border cooperation on AI, including through limitations and exceptions for cross-border research and text-and-data mining, and therefore urges the speeding up of international action at the World Intellectual Property Organization to achieve this;
2020/04/08
Committee: CULT
Amendment 19 #

2020/2014(INL)

Draft opinion
Recital C a (new)
Ca. whereas the complexity of AI applications can make it nearly impossible to prove fault or damage in certain cases, presents new challenges as regards the burden of proof;
2020/05/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 30 #

2020/2014(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2 a (new)
2a. Highlights that any update of the Product liability framework should go hand in hand with the update of Directive 2001/95/EC (the Product Safety Directive) in order to ensure that AI systems integrate safety and security by design principles;
2020/05/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 32 #

2020/2014(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2 b (new)
2b. Highlights incentivisation of increased ex-ante investment in security by developers of AI systems as a suggested approach in order to improve security; highlights that public source code disclosure would incentivise secure software development while making it economically and legally more attractive;
2020/05/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 37 #

2020/2014(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3
3. Emphasises that any revision of the existing liability framework should aim to further harmonise liability rules in order to avoid fragmentation of the single market; stresses, however, the importance of ensuring that Union regulation remains limited to clearly identified problems for which feasible solutions exist and leaves room for further technological developments, including free and open source software;
2020/05/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 47 #

2020/2014(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5
5. Urges the Commission to scrutinise whether it is necessary to include software in the definition of ‘products’ under the Product Liability Directive and to update concepts such as ‘producer’, ‘damage’ and ‘defect’, and if so, to what extent; asks the Commission to also examine whether the product liability framework needs to be revised in order to protect injured parties efficiently as regards products that are purchased as a bundle with related services and to consider privacy-by-design and security-by-design rule as reasonable expectation of the consumers for their digital products;
2020/05/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 60 #

2020/2014(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 6
6. Stresses the importance of ensuring a fair liability system in the chain of commercial transaction that makes it possible for consumers to prove that a defect in a product caused damage, even if third party software is involved or the cause of a defect is harddifficult to trace, for example when products are part of a complex interconnected Internet of Things environment;
2020/05/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 68 #

2020/2014(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 7
7. Calls on the Commission to evaluate whether and to what extent the burden of proof should be reversedpropose a reversal of the burden of proof in specific cases and based on clear criteria, in order to empower harmed consumers while preventing abuse and providing legal clarity for businesses;
2020/05/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 70 #

2020/2014(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 7 a (new)
7a. Highlights that the development- risk principle in line with point (e) of Article 7of Council Directive 85/374/EEC proved to be important and reasonable;
2020/05/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 71 #

2020/2014(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 7 b (new)
7b. Underlines that explainability, interpretability and traceability of AI systems are key to ensure that liability mechanisms offer an adequate, efficient and fair allocation of responsibilities; therefore asks the Commission to issue binding rules for companies to publish transparency reports including the existence, functionality, process, main criteria, the logic behind, the data sets used and possible outcome of algorithmic systems and efforts to identify, prevent and mitigate damage caused by AI systems in a timely, accurate, easily- readable, and accessible manner;
2020/05/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 72 #

2020/2014(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 7 c (new)
7c. Calls on the Commission to issue binding rules for companies and public bodies to document the development of AI systems; notes in this regard that it is essential for the risk assessment documentation, the software documentation, the algorithms and data sets used to be fully accessible to market surveillance authorities, while respecting Union law; additional prerogatives should be given to market surveillance authorities in this respect;
2020/05/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 75 #

2020/2014(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 8
8. Highlights the need for a risk based approach to AI within the existing liability framework, which takes into account different levels of risk for consumers and society at large in specific sectors and uses of AI; algorithmic systems that may cause physical or material damage, breach fundamental rights and freedoms, impact an individual’s access to critical resources, or impact their participation in society shall not be deemed to be in the lowest risk category; underlines that such an approach, that might encompass two or moreseveral levels of risk, should be based on clear criteria and provide for legal clarityertainty and be subject to regular re-evaluation;
2020/05/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 82 #

2020/2014(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 9
9. Asks the Commission to carefully assess the advantages and disadvantages of introducinge a strict liability model for products containing AI applications and consider it only in specific higher risk areas; underlines the need to strictly respect the proportionality principle if this approach is retainedand have a clear list of criteria agreed by the co-legislators.
2020/05/27
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 5 #

2020/2012(INL)

1. Recalls that the creationdevelopment and the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in the areas of culture, education and information policy raises and will continue to raise a wide range of ethical issues;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 15 #

2020/2012(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2
2. Stresses the need to develop criteria for the use of AI in education, media and creative sectors, by developing benchmarks forfining principles of ethically responsible and acceptedtrustworthy uses of AI technologies in these areas; underlines that these criteria must be constantly adjustedadaptable to the progress in AI technologies;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 19 #

2020/2012(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3
3. Notices that AI personalisedtechnology and AI- driven learning systems are increasingly being deployed in schools and universities, which is changing the role of teachers in the learning process to one more of facilitation; emphasises that education should empower citizens to develop new forms of thinking, including AI literacy and algorithm awareness and the ability to evaluate the impact of AI on information, knowledge, and decision-making; stresses that this shift should be reflected in educational curricula;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 40 #

2020/2012(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 4
4. Acknowledges the great potential of AI in the areas of information and media; underlines that, if not regulated, it might have also ethically adverse effects by generating and spreading fake news, creating information bubbles and exploiting biases incorporated into AI algorithms;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 41 #

2020/2012(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 4 a (new)
4 a. Considers that the use of certain types of AI, such as facial recognition and behaviour detection systems, may have a damaging effect on the role of media and journalists as watchdogs of democracy; underlines, therefore, that the use of those systems in public spaces should be prohibited;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 42 #

2020/2012(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5
5. Emphasises that education should empower citizens to develop new forms of critical thinking, including ‘algorithm awareness’ and the ability to reflect on the impact of AI on information, knowledge, and decision-making;deleted
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 56 #

2020/2012(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 6
6. Emphasises the importance for transparency and accountability of algorithms used by media streaming companivideo-on-demand and television broadcasting services, in order to ensure access to culturally and linguistically diverse content; stresses that such algorithms should be designed in such a way that they do not privilege specific works by limiting their ‘personalised’ suggestions to the most popular works;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 60 #

2020/2012(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 6 a (new)
6 a. Emphasises that educational institutions should only use AI systems for education purposes that have been audited and certified as ethical, beneficial and acting consistently with human rights principles; reminds that open source software and open technologies are best suited for such purposes;
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 67 #

2020/2012(INL)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 7
7. Notes that the use of AI technologies is increasingly raising questions of fair competition in sport; stresses that this area needs a regulatory framework.
2020/04/15
Committee: CULT
Amendment 27 #

2020/0155(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 12
(12) The Commission should, before 21 July 2022, present a report to the European Parliament and the Council on the application of this Regulation, accompanied where appropriate by a legislative proposal. This review should incorporate in its assessment whether the disclosure regime for EU Recovery prospectuses is appropriate to meet the objectives pursued by this Regulation. This assessment should cover the issue whether the EU Recovery prospectus stroke a proper balance between reduction of administrative burden for the issuer and investor protection.
2020/10/21
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 30 #

2020/0155(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 2 a (new)
Regulation (EU) 2017/1129
Article 6 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point c a (new)
(2a) in the first subparagraph of Article 6(1), the following point is added: "(ca) climate-related and environmental, social and governance risks, to the extent they are material."
2020/10/21
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 31 #

2020/0155(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 3
Regulation (EU) 2017/1129
Article 7 – paragraph 12 a – point b a (new)
(ba) available in the official language or at least one of the official languages of the host Member State, or in another language accepted by the competent authority of the host Member State;
2020/10/21
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 35 #

2020/0155(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 4
Regulation (EU) 2017/1129
Article 14 a – paragraph 2 – subparagraph 1 – point b
(b) the essential information on the shares, the rights attached to the securities, including any limitations and procedure for the exercise of those rights, the reasons for the issuance and its impact on the overall capital structure of the issuer, the disclosure of capitalisation and indebtedness, a working capital statement and the use of proceeds.
2020/10/21
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 41 #

2020/0155(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 5
Regulation (EU) 2017/1129
Article 20 – paragraph 6 a
6a. By way of derogation from paragraphs 2 and 4, the time limits set out in the first subparagraph of paragraph 2 and in paragraph 4 shall be reduced to fiseven working days for an EU Recovery prospectus drawn up in accordance with Article 14a. The issuer shall inform the competent authority at least five working days before the date envisaged for the submission of an application for approval.
2020/10/21
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 54 #

2020/0155(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 9
Regulation (EU) 2017/1129
Article 48 – paragraph 2 – point e
(e) an analysis of whetherthe impact of the EU Recovery prospectuses strikes a proper balance between investor protection and the reduction of administrative burden for the persons entitled to use it.on investor protection and accessibility of the information;
2020/10/21
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 55 #

2020/0155(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 1 – paragraph 1 – point 9
Regulation (EU) 2017/1129
Article 48 – paragraph 2 – point e a (new)
(ea) an analysis of the impact of the EU Recovery prospectuses on investor protection and accessibility of the information;
2020/10/21
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 69 #

2020/0155(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Annex I
The purpose is to describe the most material risks that are specific to the issuer and the shares, including climate-related and environmental, social and governance risks.
2020/10/21
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 70 #

2020/0155(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Annex I
Regulation (EU) 2017/1129
Annex Va – section V – point b a (new)
(ba) financial and non-financial objectives and strategy of the issuer in the context of the Covid-19-crisis and ecological transition;
2020/10/21
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 71 #

2020/0155(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Annex I
Regulation (EU) 2017/1129
Annex Va – section VIII a (new)
VIIIa. State aid support The purpose is to include information on whether the issuer has benefited of any form of state aid support in the COVID-19 context.
2020/10/21
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 72 #

2020/0155(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Annex I
Regulation (EU) 2017/1129
Annex Va – section IX – title
IX. Working capital statement and statement on capitalisation and indebtedness
2020/10/21
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 73 #

2020/0155(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Annex I
Regulation (EU) 2017/1129
Annex Va – section IX
The purpose is to provide information on the issuer’s capitalisation and indebtedness and information as to whether or not the working capital is sufficient for the issuer’s present requirements or, if not,. If there is insufficient capital, a clear description of how the issuer proposes to provide the additional working capital needed is required.
2020/10/21
Committee: IMCO
Amendment 74 #

2020/0155(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Annex I a (new)
Regulation (EU) 2017/1129
Annex Va – section IXa (new)
IXa. Dividend policy and remuneration A description of the issuer’s policy on dividend distributions, including any restrictions thereon, and a description of the issuer’s remuneration policy, including all benefits awarded to individual directors, fixed and variable remuneration components, the number of shares and share options granted or offered, as well as an explanation on how the remuneration contributes to the business strategy, long-term performance and sustainability of the company.
2020/10/21
Committee: IMCO