BETA


Events

2017/09/07
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2017/04/27
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2017/04/27
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 505 votes to 49, with 57 abstentions, a resolution on the EU flagship initiative on the garment sector.

Members recalled that 60 million people worldwide work in the textile and clothing sector, which creates many jobs, particularly in developing countries. However, textile manufacturers in developing countries are constantly exposed to aggressive purchasing practices by the international wholesale and retail trade, which is also due to fierce global competition. This state of affairs has led to widespread labour rights violations , including: poverty wages, forced labour and child labour, arbitrary dismissals, unsafe workplaces, violence against women, etc.

These practices are also detrimental to the European industry as they lead to social dumping .

In order to follow up on the flagship initiative which seeks to avoid disasters such as the Rana Plaza building collapse in 2013 in Bangladesh, Parliament presented a series of recommendations.

Due diligence obligations : Members noted with concern how the existing voluntary initiatives for the sustainability of the garment sector’s global supply chain have fallen short of effectively addressing human rights and labour rights-related issues in the sector.

Therefore, the Commission is called upon to propose binding legislation on due diligence obligations for supply chains in the garment sector. This legislative proposal must be aligned with the new OECD due diligence guidance for responsible supply chains in the garment and footwear sector in line with the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises which are importing into the European Union, the ILO resolution on decent work in supply chains and internationally agreed human rights, social and environmental standards.

This legislative proposal should include core standards, such as: (i) occupational health and safety, (ii) health standards, (iii) a living wage, (iv) freedom of association and collective bargaining, (v) the prevention of sexual harassment and violence in the workplace, (vi) the elimination of forced and child labour.

Members called for an effective and compulsory reporting system and due diligence for garment products entering the EU market with a view to ensure increased access to information on the conduct of enterprises.

The also recommended that further action be taken to improve inspections and social audits in the clothing and footwear supply chain.

Consumer information : Parliament called for consumers to be provided with clear, trustworthy information about sustainability in the garment sector, where products originate from and the extent to which workers’ rights have been respected. It proposed, to this end, the development of EU-wide labelling standards for “fair clothing” , accessible to both multinational companies and SMEs, to assist customers in their purchasing decisions.

Trade preferences and sustainability : Members considered that sustainable development chapters of EU trade agreements should be mandatory and enforceable. They called on the Commission to introduce tariff preferences for demonstrably proven sustainably produced textiles in the forthcoming reform of the GSP / GSP + rules and to promote the production of Fair Trade products through this instrument of tariff preferences.

The Commission is called upon to: (i) continue to include the ratification of core ILO standards, health and safety inspection, and freedom of association in discussions on continued preferential trade with countries linked to the global supply chain for the garment sector, and; (ii) strengthen human rights, labour and environmental conventions under the Generalised System of Preferences.

Documents
2017/04/27
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2017/04/26
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2017/03/28
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Development adopted an own-initiative report by Lola SÁNCHEZ CALDENTEY (GUE/NGL, ES) on the EU flagship initiative on the garment sector.

Members recalled that 60 million people worldwide work in the textile and clothing sector, which creates many jobs, particularly in developing countries. However, textile manufacturers in developing countries are constantly exposed to aggressive purchasing practices by the international wholesale and retail trade, which is also due to fierce global competition. This state of affairs has led to widespread labour rights violations , including: poverty wages, forced labour and child labour, arbitrary dismissals, unsafe workplaces, violence against women, etc.

Most human rights violations in the garment sector concern various aspects of labour rights, such as the denial of workers’ fundamental right to join or form a union of their choosing and bargain collectively in good faith.

Members noted that voluntary initiatives led by the private sector over the last 20 years have not proven to be effective enough in bringing about a real improvement in workers’ rights. Multi-stakeholder initiatives like the German partnership for sustainable textiles or the Dutch agreement on sustainable garment and textile have still to produce concrete results. The efforts of corporations to promote workplace compliance can support, but not replace, the effectiveness and efficiency of public governance systems.

Members welcomed the increasing attention given to the promotion of decent working conditions through global supply chains following the Rana Plaza factory collapse and acknowledged the Commission’s commitment towards responsible management of supply chains, including in the garment sector, as outlined in the Communication entitled “Trade for All”.

Members noted, however, that existing voluntary initiatives not only recurrently overlap and fail to cover the whole supply chain’s loopholes , but also fall short of effectively addressing human rights issues.

Consequently, a legally binding institutional framework is urgently needed.

The Commission, aligned with the principle of Policy Coherence for Development reflected in Art. 208 TFEU, must develop a legislative proposal for binding supply chain due diligence obligations in the garment sector, aligned with OECD Guidelines and the highest internationally agreed standards on human rights and social and environmental standards.

This proposal must be human rights centred and must focus the spotlight on the core problems garment workers face (occupational health and safety, a living wage, freedom of association, sexual harassment and violence in the workplace and the elimination of forced and child labour). The following matters must also be addressed: (i) key criteria for sustainable production, (ii) transparency and traceability, including the transparent collection of data and tools for consumer information, (iii) due diligence checks and auditing, (iv) access to remedy, (v) gender equality, (vi) supply-chain due diligence reporting, (viii) the responsibility of companies in the event of man-made disasters and awareness raising in the European Union.

Members called for consumers to be provided with clear, trustworthy information about sustainability in the garment sector, where products originate from and the extent to which workers’ rights have been respected. They proposed, to this end, the development of EU-wide labelling standards for ‘fair clothing’, accessible to both multinational companies and SMEs, to assist customers in their purchasing decisions.

Members called for an effective and compulsory reporting system and due diligence for garment products entering the EU market to ensure increased access to information on the conduct of enterprise. It encouraged the EU to work with all relevant stakeholders to promote a successful social partnership and to support stakeholders in the development and implementation of wage-setting mechanisms in accordance with relevant International Labour Organisation (ILO) conventions, especially in countries where there is a lack of adequate legislation.

They recommended further research on ways of improving audits and inspections in the clothing and footwear supply chain. They emphasised the importance of independent labour inspections in early warning and prevention, as well as in enforcement of national rules and regulations on health and safety at the workplace.

The Commission is called upon to: (i) continue to include the ratification of core ILO standards , health and safety inspection, and freedom of association in discussions on continued preferential trade with countries linked to the global supply chain for the garment sector, and; (ii) strengthen human rights, labour and environmental conventions under the Generalised System of Preferences.

Documents
2017/03/21
   EP - Vote in committee
2017/02/28
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2017/02/10
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2017/02/06
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2017/01/12
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2016/09/28
   EP - LAMBERT Jean (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL
2016/09/15
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2016/09/15
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2016/08/31
   EP - KARIM Sajjad (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in INTA

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0080/2017 - Lola Sánchez Caldentey - Résolution #

2017/04/27 Outcome: +: 505, 0: 57, -: 49
DE IT ES FR RO HU PT CZ BG BE SE AT EL FI SK IE NL DK SI PL LT HR MT LV GB LU EE CY
Total
75
61
42
53
23
20
18
20
16
20
19
16
20
11
13
9
21
10
8
43
8
7
6
7
49
5
5
5
icon: PPE PPE
190

Belgium PPE

Abstain (1)

4

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
142

Finland S&D

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Malta S&D

3

Latvia S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
54

Germany ALDE

2

Romania ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

2

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
35

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

France EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Poland EFDD

1
icon: ENF ENF
27

Romania ENF

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Poland ENF

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
14

Germany NI

2

France NI

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: ECR ECR
57

Italy ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Finland ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

1

Denmark ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1
AmendmentsDossier
362 2016/2140(INI)
2016/12/13 EMPL 107 amendments...
source: 595.669
2017/01/30 INTA 68 amendments...
source: 597.716
2017/02/06 DEVE 187 amendments...
source: 599.614

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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  • date: 2017-02-06T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE599.614 title: PE599.614 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
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  • date: 2017-02-28T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE592.396&secondRef=03 title: PE592.396 committee: INTA type: Committee opinion body: EP
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  • date: 2017-03-21T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2017-03-28T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2017-0080&language=EN title: A8-0080/2017 summary: The Committee on Development adopted an own-initiative report by Lola SÁNCHEZ CALDENTEY (GUE/NGL, ES) on the EU flagship initiative on the garment sector. Members recalled that 60 million people worldwide work in the textile and clothing sector, which creates many jobs, particularly in developing countries. However, textile manufacturers in developing countries are constantly exposed to aggressive purchasing practices by the international wholesale and retail trade, which is also due to fierce global competition. This state of affairs has led to widespread labour rights violations , including: poverty wages, forced labour and child labour, arbitrary dismissals, unsafe workplaces, violence against women, etc. Most human rights violations in the garment sector concern various aspects of labour rights, such as the denial of workers’ fundamental right to join or form a union of their choosing and bargain collectively in good faith. Members noted that voluntary initiatives led by the private sector over the last 20 years have not proven to be effective enough in bringing about a real improvement in workers’ rights. Multi-stakeholder initiatives like the German partnership for sustainable textiles or the Dutch agreement on sustainable garment and textile have still to produce concrete results. The efforts of corporations to promote workplace compliance can support, but not replace, the effectiveness and efficiency of public governance systems. Members welcomed the increasing attention given to the promotion of decent working conditions through global supply chains following the Rana Plaza factory collapse and acknowledged the Commission’s commitment towards responsible management of supply chains, including in the garment sector, as outlined in the Communication entitled “Trade for All”. Members noted, however, that existing voluntary initiatives not only recurrently overlap and fail to cover the whole supply chain’s loopholes , but also fall short of effectively addressing human rights issues. Consequently, a legally binding institutional framework is urgently needed. The Commission, aligned with the principle of Policy Coherence for Development reflected in Art. 208 TFEU, must develop a legislative proposal for binding supply chain due diligence obligations in the garment sector, aligned with OECD Guidelines and the highest internationally agreed standards on human rights and social and environmental standards. This proposal must be human rights centred and must focus the spotlight on the core problems garment workers face (occupational health and safety, a living wage, freedom of association, sexual harassment and violence in the workplace and the elimination of forced and child labour). The following matters must also be addressed: (i) key criteria for sustainable production, (ii) transparency and traceability, including the transparent collection of data and tools for consumer information, (iii) due diligence checks and auditing, (iv) access to remedy, (v) gender equality, (vi) supply-chain due diligence reporting, (viii) the responsibility of companies in the event of man-made disasters and awareness raising in the European Union. Members called for consumers to be provided with clear, trustworthy information about sustainability in the garment sector, where products originate from and the extent to which workers’ rights have been respected. They proposed, to this end, the development of EU-wide labelling standards for ‘fair clothing’, accessible to both multinational companies and SMEs, to assist customers in their purchasing decisions. Members called for an effective and compulsory reporting system and due diligence for garment products entering the EU market to ensure increased access to information on the conduct of enterprise. It encouraged the EU to work with all relevant stakeholders to promote a successful social partnership and to support stakeholders in the development and implementation of wage-setting mechanisms in accordance with relevant International Labour Organisation (ILO) conventions, especially in countries where there is a lack of adequate legislation. They recommended further research on ways of improving audits and inspections in the clothing and footwear supply chain. They emphasised the importance of independent labour inspections in early warning and prevention, as well as in enforcement of national rules and regulations on health and safety at the workplace. The Commission is called upon to: (i) continue to include the ratification of core ILO standards , health and safety inspection, and freedom of association in discussions on continued preferential trade with countries linked to the global supply chain for the garment sector, and; (ii) strengthen human rights, labour and environmental conventions under the Generalised System of Preferences.
  • date: 2017-04-26T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20170426&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2017-04-27T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=29299&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2017-04-27T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2017-0196 title: T8-0196/2017 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 505 votes to 49, with 57 abstentions, a resolution on the EU flagship initiative on the garment sector. Members recalled that 60 million people worldwide work in the textile and clothing sector, which creates many jobs, particularly in developing countries. However, textile manufacturers in developing countries are constantly exposed to aggressive purchasing practices by the international wholesale and retail trade, which is also due to fierce global competition. This state of affairs has led to widespread labour rights violations , including: poverty wages, forced labour and child labour, arbitrary dismissals, unsafe workplaces, violence against women, etc. These practices are also detrimental to the European industry as they lead to social dumping . In order to follow up on the flagship initiative which seeks to avoid disasters such as the Rana Plaza building collapse in 2013 in Bangladesh, Parliament presented a series of recommendations. Due diligence obligations : Members noted with concern how the existing voluntary initiatives for the sustainability of the garment sector’s global supply chain have fallen short of effectively addressing human rights and labour rights-related issues in the sector. Therefore, the Commission is called upon to propose binding legislation on due diligence obligations for supply chains in the garment sector. This legislative proposal must be aligned with the new OECD due diligence guidance for responsible supply chains in the garment and footwear sector in line with the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises which are importing into the European Union, the ILO resolution on decent work in supply chains and internationally agreed human rights, social and environmental standards. This legislative proposal should include core standards, such as: (i) occupational health and safety, (ii) health standards, (iii) a living wage, (iv) freedom of association and collective bargaining, (v) the prevention of sexual harassment and violence in the workplace, (vi) the elimination of forced and child labour. Members called for an effective and compulsory reporting system and due diligence for garment products entering the EU market with a view to ensure increased access to information on the conduct of enterprises. The also recommended that further action be taken to improve inspections and social audits in the clothing and footwear supply chain. Consumer information : Parliament called for consumers to be provided with clear, trustworthy information about sustainability in the garment sector, where products originate from and the extent to which workers’ rights have been respected. It proposed, to this end, the development of EU-wide labelling standards for “fair clothing” , accessible to both multinational companies and SMEs, to assist customers in their purchasing decisions. Trade preferences and sustainability : Members considered that sustainable development chapters of EU trade agreements should be mandatory and enforceable. They called on the Commission to introduce tariff preferences for demonstrably proven sustainably produced textiles in the forthcoming reform of the GSP / GSP + rules and to promote the production of Fair Trade products through this instrument of tariff preferences. The Commission is called upon to: (i) continue to include the ratification of core ILO standards, health and safety inspection, and freedom of association in discussions on continued preferential trade with countries linked to the global supply chain for the garment sector, and; (ii) strengthen human rights, labour and environmental conventions under the Generalised System of Preferences.
  • date: 2017-04-27T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
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  • The Committee on Development adopted an own-initiative report by Lola SÁNCHEZ CALDENTEY (GUE/NGL, ES) on the EU flagship initiative on the garment sector.

    Members recalled that 60 million people worldwide work in the textile and clothing sector, which creates many jobs, particularly in developing countries. However, textile manufacturers in developing countries are constantly exposed to aggressive purchasing practices by the international wholesale and retail trade, which is also due to fierce global competition. This state of affairs has led to widespread labour rights violations, including: poverty wages, forced labour and child labour, arbitrary dismissals, unsafe workplaces, violence against women, etc.

    Most human rights violations in the garment sector concern various aspects of labour rights, such as the denial of workers’ fundamental right to join or form a union of their choosing and bargain collectively in good faith.

    Members noted that voluntary initiatives led by the private sector over the last 20 years have not proven to be effective enough in bringing about a real improvement in workers’ rights. Multi-stakeholder initiatives like the German partnership for sustainable textiles or the Dutch agreement on sustainable garment and textile have still to produce concrete results. The efforts of corporations to promote workplace compliance can support, but not replace, the effectiveness and efficiency of public governance systems.

    Members welcomed the increasing attention given to the promotion of decent working conditions through global supply chains following the Rana Plaza factory collapse and acknowledged the Commission’s commitment towards responsible management of supply chains, including in the garment sector, as outlined in the Communication entitled “Trade for All”.

    Members noted, however, that existing voluntary initiatives not only recurrently overlap and fail to cover the whole supply chain’s loopholes, but also fall short of effectively addressing human rights issues.

    Consequently, a legally binding institutional framework is urgently needed.

    The Commission, aligned with the principle of Policy Coherence for Development reflected in Art. 208 TFEU, must develop a legislative proposal for binding supply chain due diligence obligations in the garment sector, aligned with OECD Guidelines and the highest internationally agreed standards on human rights and social and environmental standards.

    This proposal must be human rights centred and must focus the spotlight on the core problems garment workers face (occupational health and safety, a living wage, freedom of association, sexual harassment and violence in the workplace and the elimination of forced and child labour). The following matters must also be addressed: (i) key criteria for sustainable production, (ii) transparency and traceability, including the transparent collection of data and tools for consumer information, (iii) due diligence checks and auditing, (iv) access to remedy, (v) gender equality, (vi) supply-chain due diligence reporting, (viii) the responsibility of companies in the event of man-made disasters and awareness raising in the European Union.

    Members called for consumers to be provided with clear, trustworthy information about sustainability in the garment sector, where products originate from and the extent to which workers’ rights have been respected. They proposed, to this end, the development of EU-wide labelling standards for ‘fair clothing’, accessible to both multinational companies and SMEs, to assist customers in their purchasing decisions.

    Members called for an effective and compulsory reporting system and due diligence for garment products entering the EU market to ensure increased access to information on the conduct of enterprise. It encouraged the EU to work with all relevant stakeholders to promote a successful social partnership and to support stakeholders in the development and implementation of wage-setting mechanisms in accordance with relevant International Labour Organisation (ILO) conventions, especially in countries where there is a lack of adequate legislation.

    They recommended further research on ways of improving audits and inspections in the clothing and footwear supply chain. They emphasised the importance of independent labour inspections in early warning and prevention, as well as in enforcement of national rules and regulations on health and safety at the workplace.

    The Commission is called upon to: (i) continue to include the ratification of core ILO standards, health and safety inspection, and freedom of association in discussions on continued preferential trade with countries linked to the global supply chain for the garment sector, and; (ii) strengthen human rights, labour and environmental conventions under the Generalised System of Preferences.

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    • body: EP responsible: True committee: DEVE date: 2016-09-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Development (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: GUE/NGL name: SÁNCHEZ CALDENTEY Lola
    • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs committee: EMPL
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    • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/ title: International Cooperation and Development commissioner: MIMICA Neven
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    EU flagship initiative on the garment sector
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