BETA


2018/0331(COD) Preventing the dissemination of terrorist content online

Progress: Awaiting Council 1st reading position / budgetary conciliation convocation

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead LIBE JAKI Patryk (icon: ECR ECR) ZARZALEJOS Javier (icon: PPE PPE), KALJURAND Marina (icon: S&D S&D), ERNST Cornelia (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), BREYER Patrick (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Former Responsible Committee LIBE DALTON Daniel (icon: ECR ECR)
Former Committee Opinion CULT WARD Julie (icon: S&D S&D) Emma McCLARKIN (icon: ECR ECR), Svetoslav Hristov MALINOV (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion ITRE
Former Committee Opinion IMCO REDA Julia (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) Lucy ANDERSON (icon: S&D S&D), Daniel DALTON (icon: ECR ECR), Jiří MAŠTÁLKA (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Jasenko SELIMOVIC (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 114-p1

Events

2019/09/24
   EP - Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations after 1st reading in Parliament
2019/09/04
   EP - JAKI Patryk (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2019/08/08
   Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2019/04/17
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2019/04/17
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted the report by Daniel DALTON (ECR, UK) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on preventing the dissemination of terrorist content online.

The committees recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows.

Purpose and scope

The proposed Regulation shall provide rules on reasonable and proportionate duties of care to be applied by hosting service providers in order to tackle the public dissemination of terrorist content through their services and ensure, where necessary, its swift removal.

It shall apply to hosting service providers offering services in the Union to the public, irrespective of their place of main establishment. It shall not apply to content which is disseminated for educational, artistic, journalistic or research purposes, or for awareness raising purposes against terrorist activity, nor to content which represents an expression of polemic or controversial views in the course of public debate.

The Regulation shall apply without prejudice to the fundamental principles of Union law and national law relating to freedom of expression, freedom of the press and freedom and pluralism of the media.

Terrorist content

The legislation shall cover material that, inter alia : (i) incites to commit an offence by glorifying terrorist acts, (ii) soliciting persons to participate in the activities of a terrorist group, including by providing information or material resources, or by financing its activities in any way; (iii) provides instructions for the manufacture or use of explosives, firearms or other weapons or harmful or dangerous substances to commit a terrorist offence.

Due diligence obligations and removal orders

Hosting service providers shall apply certain duties of care, in order to tackle the dissemination of terrorist content on their services to the public. These duties of care should not amount to a general obligation on hosting service providers to monitor the information which they store, nor to a general obligation to actively seek facts or circumstances indicating illegal activity.

Where hosting service providers obtain knowledge or awareness of terrorist content on their services, they shall inform the competent authorities of such content and remove it expeditiously. They shall remove terrorist content or disable access to it as soon as possible and within one hour from receipt of the removal order.

If the competent authority concerned has not previously issued a removal order to a hosting service provider, it should contact the latter by providing information on the applicable procedures and deadlines at least 12 hours before issuing a removal order.

Members introduced new provisions to clarify the consultation procedure for removal orders and the cooperation procedure for issuing an additional removal order.

Proactive measures

If it establishes that a provider of hosting services has received a substantial number of removal orders, the competent authority may send a request for necessary, proportionate and effective additional specific measures to be implemented by the provider of hosting services.

Transparency obligations

Only hosting service providers which are subject to removal orders for that year should be obliged to publish annual transparency reports containing meaningful information about action taken in relation to the detection, identification and removal of terrorist content. Competent authorities shall also publish annual transparency reports.

The Commission shall set up an online register listing all competent authorities and the designated contact point for each competent authority.

Sanctions

Member States shall lay down the rules on penalties applicable to systematic and persistent breaches of the obligations by hosting service providers under this Regulation.

Documents
2019/04/09
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted the report by Daniel DALTON (ECR, UK) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on preventing the dissemination of terrorist content online.

The committees recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows.

Purpose and scope

The proposed Regulation shall provide rules on reasonable and proportionate duties of care to be applied by hosting service providers in order to tackle the public dissemination of terrorist content through their services and ensure, where necessary, its swift removal.

It shall apply to hosting service providers offering services in the Union to the public, irrespective of their place of main establishment. It shall not apply to content which is disseminated for educational, artistic, journalistic or research purposes, or for awareness raising purposes against terrorist activity, nor to content which represents an expression of polemic or controversial views in the course of public debate.

The Regulation shall apply without prejudice to the fundamental principles of Union law and national law relating to freedom of expression, freedom of the press and freedom and pluralism of the media.

Terrorist content

The legislation shall cover material that, inter alia : (i) incites to commit an offence by glorifying terrorist acts, (ii) soliciting persons to participate in the activities of a terrorist group, including by providing information or material resources, or by financing its activities in any way; (iii) provides instructions for the manufacture or use of explosives, firearms or other weapons or harmful or dangerous substances to commit a terrorist offence.

Due diligence obligations and removal orders

Hosting service providers shall apply certain duties of care, in order to tackle the dissemination of terrorist content on their services to the public. These duties of care should not amount to a general obligation on hosting service providers to monitor the information which they store, nor to a general obligation to actively seek facts or circumstances indicating illegal activity.

Where hosting service providers obtain knowledge or awareness of terrorist content on their services, they shall inform the competent authorities of such content and remove it expeditiously. They shall remove terrorist content or disable access to it as soon as possible and within one hour from receipt of the removal order.

If the competent authority concerned has not previously issued a removal order to a hosting service provider, it should contact the latter by providing information on the applicable procedures and deadlines at least 12 hours before issuing a removal order.

Members introduced new provisions to clarify the consultation procedure for removal orders and the cooperation procedure for issuing an additional removal order.

Proactive measures

If it establishes that a provider of hosting services has received a substantial number of removal orders, the competent authority may send a request for necessary, proportionate and effective additional specific measures to be implemented by the provider of hosting services.

Transparency obligations

Only hosting service providers which are subject to removal orders for that year should be obliged to publish annual transparency reports containing meaningful information about action taken in relation to the detection, identification and removal of terrorist content. Competent authorities shall also publish annual transparency reports.

The Commission shall set up an online register listing all competent authorities and the designated contact point for each competent authority.

Sanctions

Member States shall lay down the rules on penalties applicable to systematic and persistent breaches of the obligations by hosting service providers under this Regulation.

Documents
2019/04/08
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2019/03/15
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/03/13
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2019/02/25
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2019/02/25
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2019/02/25
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2019/01/31
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2019/01/21
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2019/01/04
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/12/17
   RO_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/12/12
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/12/11
   EP - WARD Julie (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in CULT
2018/12/06
   CSL - Council Meeting
2018/12/05
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2018/12/03
   EP - DALTON Daniel (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2018/11/30
   ES_CONGRESS - Contribution
Documents
2018/11/27
   DE_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2018/11/20
   RO_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/22
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/09/24
   EP - REDA Julia (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2018/09/12
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/09/12
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/09/12
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: strengthen the action of the European Union in combatting the spread of online terrorist content.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure on an equal footing with council.

BACKGROUND: the misuse of hosting service providers by terrorist groups and their supporters to disseminate terrorist-related content in order to spread their message, radicalise and attract new recruits, as well as to facilitate and direct terrorist activities is of particular concern. Efforts at Union level to counter terrorist content online commenced in 2015 through a framework of voluntary cooperation between Member States and hosting service providers, the EU Internet Forum .

The Commission proposes to complement these efforts with a clear legislative framework in order to further reduce accessibility to terrorist content online and adequately address a rapidly evolving problem. This legislative framework seeks to build on voluntary efforts, which were reinforced by the Commission Recommendation (EU) 2018/334 and responds to calls made by the European Parliament in its resolution of 15 June 2017 to strengthen measures to tackle illegal and harmful content and by the European Council to improve the automatic detection and removal of content that incites to terrorist acts.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment concluded that a series of measures were needed to achieve the strategic objective of reducing online terrorist content. Three main options were considered, in addition to the baseline scenario, with increasing degrees of effectiveness in achieving the objectives set in the impact assessment.

CONTENT: the draft regulation aims to increase the effectiveness of current measures to detect, identify and remove terrorist content online without encroaching on fundamental rights, such as freedom of expression and information.

In specific terms, the proposal:

defines terrorist content as material and information that incites, encourages or advocates the commission or contribution to terrorist offences, provides instructions for the commission of such offences or promotes the participation in activities of a terrorist group; provides for duties of care to be applied by hosting service providers when taking action in accordance with the regulation and in particular, with due regard to the fundamental rights involved; requires Member States to empower competent authorities to issue removal orders and lays down a requirement for hosting service providers to remove content within one hour of the receipt of a removal order; sets out the minimum elements referrals should contain and procedures for hosting service providers to give feedback to the issuing authority, and to inform the latter if it is not possible to comply with the order or if further clarification is required; requires hosting service providers, where appropriate, to take proactive measures commensurate with the level of risk and to remove terrorist material from their services, including deploying automated detection tools; requires hosting service providers to: (i) preserve removed content and related data for six months for review proceedings and for investigative purposes; (ii) explain their policies against terrorist content and to publish annual transparency reports on the actions taken in this regard; (iii) put in place specific safeguards and remedies to ensure that users can challenge the deletion of their content; requires Member States to ensure that competent authorities have sufficient capability and resources to combat online terrorist content and to cooperate with each other and, where appropriate, with Europol, to avoid duplicating work and any interference with ongoing investigations; provides for the establishment of points of contact by both hosting service providers and Member States to facilitate communication between them, particularly in relation to referrals and removal orders; requires hosting service providers which do not have an establishment within any Member State but which do offer services within the Union, to designate a legal representative in the Union; specifies that Member States should lay down rules on penalties for non-compliance and provides criteria for Member States to take into account when determining the type and level of penalties.

Documents

Votes

A8-0193/2019 - Daniel Dalton - Am 31 17/04/2019 17:28:27.000

2019/04/17 Outcome: +: 466, -: 118, 0: 24
FR DE IT PL RO GB ES BE BG HU PT AT CZ SK FI HR NL DK SI MT SE LU LT IE LV EE CY EL
Total
67
91
44
43
24
54
48
19
12
14
19
17
18
10
11
11
22
11
8
6
18
6
7
6
6
4
1
11
icon: PPE PPE
173

United Kingdom PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Lithuania PPE

2

Ireland PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
154

Hungary S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

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3

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1

Malta S&D

3

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1

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1

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1

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1
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56

Italy ALDE

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1

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1

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3

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1

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2

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4
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1

A8-0193/2019 - Daniel Dalton - Am 35 17/04/2019 17:28:38.000

2019/04/17 Outcome: +: 406, -: 193, 0: 7
GB IT DE ES NL BE FR SE EL FI AT PT DK LT PL RO BG HR EE CY CZ LU IE SI SK MT LV HU
Total
53
42
90
49
22
19
67
18
11
11
17
19
11
7
43
24
12
11
4
1
18
6
6
8
10
6
6
15
icon: S&D S&D
154

Netherlands S&D

3

Greece S&D

1

Bulgaria S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Croatia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

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1

Slovenia S&D

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1

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2

Malta S&D

3

Latvia S&D

1

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2
icon: ECR ECR
61

Italy ECR

1

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2

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30

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3
5

A8-0193/2019 - Daniel Dalton - Am 57 17/04/2019 17:28:55.000

2019/04/17 Outcome: +: 451, 0: 77, -: 76
DE FR IT GB RO ES PL AT HU BG SE PT HR SK NL BE FI DK SI MT LU LT LV IE CZ EE CY EL
Total
91
66
44
51
24
49
43
17
15
12
18
19
11
10
21
19
10
11
8
6
6
7
6
6
18
4
1
11
icon: PPE PPE
174

United Kingdom PPE

1

Netherlands PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Lithuania PPE

2

Ireland PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
154

Hungary S&D

2

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2

Slovakia S&D

2

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3

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1

Malta S&D

3

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1

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1

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icon: ALDE ALDE
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3

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icon: ECR ECR
59

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1

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1

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1

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2

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1

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2

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2

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1

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2

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icon: ENF ENF
30

Germany ENF

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1

Poland ENF

2

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4

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1
icon: EFDD EFDD
27

Germany EFDD

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
13

Germany NI

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1

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For (1)

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2

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2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Italy Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Croatia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Italy GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

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1

Sweden GUE/NGL

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1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

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1

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1

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2

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1

A8-0193/2019 - Daniel Dalton - Am 63 17/04/2019 17:29:29.000

2019/04/17 Outcome: +: 379, -: 229, 0: 4
IT DE ES NL BE GB PT SE PL FI CZ DK LT EL BG RO HR AT EE CY LU IE SK MT SI LV FR HU
Total
44
91
49
22
19
53
19
18
44
11
18
11
7
11
12
24
11
17
5
1
6
6
10
6
8
6
68
15
icon: S&D S&D
154

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

1

Croatia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Hungary S&D

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
57

Italy ALDE

For (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Lithuania ALDE

1

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Romania ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

For (1)

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2

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For (1)

1

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For (1)

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For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Italy Verts/ALE

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1

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2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

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1

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1

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1

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3

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1

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1

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1
icon: ECR ECR
60

Italy ECR

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2

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1

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2

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1

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1

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icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
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1
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2

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3
icon: ENF ENF
32

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Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

2

Poland ENF

2

Austria ENF

3
icon: PPE PPE
176

Italy PPE

2
3
3

United Kingdom PPE

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Ireland PPE

3

A8-0193/2019 - Daniel Dalton - Am 67 17/04/2019 17:29:40.000

2019/04/17 Outcome: +: 381, -: 202, 0: 12
IT DE ES FR BE PL DK PT NL AT EL SE FI LT RO BG EE HR GB CY LU IE CZ SK MT SI LV HU
Total
43
90
49
63
19
44
11
16
21
17
11
18
11
7
23
12
4
11
50
1
6
6
18
10
6
8
6
14
icon: S&D S&D
145

Netherlands S&D

For (2)

2

Greece S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Hungary S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
54

Italy ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Estonia ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Czechia ALDE

4

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

2
icon: ECR ECR
61

Italy ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Finland ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

2
icon: ENF ENF
30

Germany ENF

For (1)

1

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1
2

Netherlands ENF

4

United Kingdom ENF

Abstain (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
26

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
13

Germany NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

3
icon: PPE PPE
174

Italy PPE

2

Belgium PPE

For (1)

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1
3

Lithuania PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Ireland PPE

3

A8-0193/2019 - Daniel Dalton - Am 82 17/04/2019 17:29:51.000

2019/04/17 Outcome: +: 353, -: 242, 0: 9
IT DE ES DK NL PT AT BE EL SE FI RO LT BG EE PL HR CY LU IE SK MT SI LV HU GB CZ FR
Total
42
91
49
11
22
19
17
19
11
18
11
23
7
12
4
42
11
1
6
6
10
6
8
6
14
54
17
67
icon: S&D S&D
154

Netherlands S&D

3

Greece S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Hungary S&D

2

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
56

Italy ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Romania ALDE

For (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

1

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Estonia ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
59

Italy ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Finland ECR

1

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Czechia ECR

1
icon: NI NI
12

Germany NI

Against (1)

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

2

Hungary NI

2

France NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
26

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
31

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: PPE PPE
174

Italy PPE

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1
3

Belgium PPE

For (1)

3