BETA


2019/2162(INI) More fish in the seas? Measures to promote stock recovery above the Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY), including fish recovery areas and marine protected areas

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead PECH ROOSE Caroline (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) BELLAMY François-Xavier (icon: EPP EPP), CARVALHAIS Isabel (icon: S&D S&D), KARLESKIND Pierre (icon: Renew Renew), RUISSEN Bert-Jan (icon: ECR ECR), FERREIRA João (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2021/07/09
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2021/01/21
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2021/01/21
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 362 votes to 248, with 71 abstentions, a resolution on more fish in the seas? Measures to promote stock recovery above the maximum sustainable yield (MSY), including fish recovery areas and marine protected areas.

The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is not yet fully implemented and some of its measures such as the establishment of fish stock recovery areas have not been used. According to STECF, some 38% of stocks in the North-East Atlantic and 92% of those under scientific assessment in the Mediterranean and Black Sea are overfished despite the legal requirement to stop overfishing by 2020.

Improving fisheries management to end overfishing

Parliament reiterated its call for full implementation of the Common Fisheries Policy with the aim of restoring and maintaining populations of fish stocks above biomass levels capable of producing MSY. It called on the Commission and the Member States to:

- strengthen scientific coverage with the objective that 100 % of the fish stocks exploited in European waters be assessed at the latest by 2025 and that the MSY can be calculated for all these stocks, where scientifically possible;

- take the necessary steps in order to improve data collection on recreational fisheries, considering their environmental impact and socio-economic value.

For its part, the Commission should:

- present its proposals for Total Allowable Catches (TACs) as provided for in the CFP Regulation;

- strengthen the implementation of the ecosystem approach to fisheries management, including by increasingly applying multi-species approaches, in order to minimise the negative impacts of fishing activities and other factors such as climate change on marine ecosystems, fish populations and society and to ensure ocean resilience to climate change;

- support plans to improve selectivity and establish which practices are harmful to stocks, ocean biodiversity and marine environments and to introduce measures to limit and change them;

- support plans to improve selectivity and survival of non-target species, and to take into account the results of studies showing the detrimental impacts of fishing techniques such as bottom-contacting gear or fish aggregating devices (FADs) by strongly limiting their use;

- study the relevance of using indicators other than MSY in fisheries management that would take into account species interactions and socioeconomic factors as well as the effects of climate change and pollution;

- ensure that Member States adopt data collection programmes that cover the impact of fishing activities on the wider environment, including on the bycatch of sensitive species, and on the seabed.

Transition to low-impact fishing

Overall, Members considered that the EU, following the evaluation of the CFP by 2022, should, where necessary, adapt current fisheries management practices and accelerate the transition towards low-impact fisheries, in order not only to preserve fish stocks at current levels but also, more importantly, to rebuild fish stocks and restore marine ecosystems.

The resolution underlined the importance of small-scale coastal fishing and believes that this sector can significantly facilitate transition to sustainable fish stock management. Artisanal fisheries should receive special attention and support.

Expanding the network of protected areas and improving its management

Although the EU has made progress and met the target of designating 10 % of Europe’s waters as protected areas, the network of marine protected areas (MPAs) is far from being fully effective, as only a very small share of the existing MPAs have management plans and protection measures.

Member States are urged to set strong and effective management plans for the existing and future MPAs and to put in place stronger control, monitoring and surveillance measures to ensure that MPAs are respected.

The Commission is urged to set strong science-based MPA management guidelines for Member States and to establish a classification of MPAs taking into account their stage of establishment, management plans and ecosystemic benefits. It should accompany fisheries agreements with third countries with management and governance measures such as protected marine areas.

The resolution insisted on the importance of having a comprehensive and coherent approach when establishing MPAs, by not only limiting commercial fishing activities but also tackling other activities such as fossil fuel exploration and exploitation, mining, large-scale aquaculture, dredging, offshore wind farms, transport, and recreational fisheries and other leisure activities.

Member States are invited to expand the network of fish stock recovery areas under the CFP, especially where there is clear evidence of heavy concentrations of fish below minimum conservation reference size or of spawning grounds.

Tackling other environmental factors threatening fish stock recovery

In this regard, the resolution stressed that rapid and strong action to fight climate change is essential for the preservation of healthy marine organism populations and habitats, and therefore for the continuity of sustainable fishing activity and for food security in the long term.

Stressing the need to involve fishermen in the fight against pollution of the seas and oceans, Members called on the Commission to urge Member States to adopt legislation authorising fishermen to bring to land any waste caught at sea.

Documents
2021/01/21
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2021/01/18
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2020/12/15
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Fisheries adopted the own-initiative report by Caroline ROOSE (Greens/EFA, BE) on more fish in the seas? Measures to promote stock recovery above the maximum sustainable yield (MSY), including fish recovery areas and marine protected areas.

By 2020, the marine environment was supposed to have achieved good environmental status and the exploitation of all fish stocks was supposed to be at a sustainable level. Although progress is being made, the targets set in the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) and the CFP have not been met.

Improving fisheries management to end overfishing

Members reiterated their call for full implementation of the Common Fisheries Policy with the aim of restoring and maintaining populations of fish stocks above biomass levels capable of producing MSY.

They called on the Commission and the Member States to:

- strengthen scientific coverage with the objective that 100 % of the fish stocks exploited in European waters be assessed at the latest by 2025 and that the MSY can be calculated for all these stocks, where scientifically possible;

- take the necessary steps in order to improve data collection on recreational fisheries, considering their environmental impact and socio-economic value.

For its part, the Commission should:

- support plans to improve selectivity and establish which practices are harmful to stocks, ocean biodiversity and marine environments and to introduce measures to limit and change them;

- support plans to improve selectivity and survival of non-target species, and to take into account the results of studies showing the detrimental impacts of fishing techniques such as bottom-contacting gear or fish aggregating devices (FADs) by strongly limiting their use;

- study the relevance of using indicators other than MSY in fisheries management that would take into account species interactions and socioeconomic factors as well as the effects of climate change and pollution;

- ensure that Member States adopt data collection programmes that cover the impact of fishing activities on the wider environment, including on the bycatch of sensitive species, and on the seabed.

Rebuild and restore

Overall, Members considered that the EU, following the evaluation of the CFP by 2022, should, where necessary, adapt current fisheries management practices and accelerate the transition towards low-impact fisheries, in order not only to preserve fish stocks at current levels but also, more importantly, to rebuild fish stocks and restore marine ecosystems.

The report underlined the importance of small-scale coastal fishing and believes that this sector can significantly facilitate transition to sustainable fish stock management.

Expanding the network of protected areas and improving its management

Although the EU has made progress and met the target of designating 10 % of Europe’s waters as protected areas, the network of marine protected areas (MPAs) is far from being fully effective. When successful, marine protected areas offer large socio-economic benefits, especially for coastal communities and the fisheries and tourism sector, and that MPAs can perform key ecological functions for the reproduction of fish stocks (providing spawning grounds and nurseries) and improve their resilience.

Member States are urged to set strong and effective management plans for the existing and future MPAs and to put in place stronger control, monitoring and surveillance measures to ensure that MPAs are respected.

The importance of having a comprehensive and coherent approach when establishing MPAs, by not only limiting commercial fishing activities but also tackling other activities such as fossil fuel exploration and exploitation, mining, large-scale aquaculture, dredging, offshore wind farms, transport, and recreational fisheries and other leisure activities.

Member States are invited to expand the network of fish stock recovery areas under the CFP, especially where there is clear evidence of heavy concentrations of fish below minimum conservation reference size or of spawning grounds.

Tackling other environmental factors threatening fish stock recovery

In this regard, the report stressed that rapid and strong action to fight climate change is essential for the preservation of healthy marine organism populations and habitats, and therefore for the continuity of sustainable fishing activity and for food security in the long term.

Stressing the need to involve fishermen in the fight against pollution of the seas and oceans, Members called on the Commission to urge Member States to adopt legislation authorising fishermen to bring to land any waste caught at sea.

Documents
2020/12/03
   EP - Vote in committee
2020/09/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2020/07/10
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2020/01/08
   EP - ROOSE Caroline (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in PECH
2019/12/19
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament

Documents

Votes

A9-0264/2020 - Caroline Roose - Am 4 #

2021/01/21 Outcome: -: 371, +: 262, 0: 55
DE AT PT SK EL LU FI CY BE CZ DK MT HR SE IE LV EE LT SI NL HU BG IT RO FR ES PL
Total
93
18
20
14
21
6
13
6
20
20
13
6
12
19
13
8
7
11
8
28
21
17
74
33
78
59
50
icon: S&D S&D
143

Greece S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2
4

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
38

Portugal The Left

3

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Belgium The Left

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
27

Germany NI

2

Slovakia NI

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2

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2

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1

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1

Hungary NI

1
icon: ID ID
72

Austria ID

3

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1

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1

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1

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59

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2

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1

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1
3

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2

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1

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4

Bulgaria ECR

2

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1
icon: Renew Renew
95

Austria Renew

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1

Slovakia Renew

2

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2

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3

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1

Sweden Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

3

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1
icon: PPE PPE
181

Luxembourg PPE

2

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3

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3

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1

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2

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1

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4

A9-0264/2020 - Caroline Roose - Am 5 #

2021/01/21 Outcome: +: 346, -: 304, 0: 38
FR DE CZ AT SE FI BE LU PT SK IE EE RO DK CY EL HR LT SI LV MT NL HU BG IT ES PL
Total
77
93
20
18
19
13
20
6
20
14
13
7
33
14
6
21
12
11
8
8
6
28
21
17
74
59
50
icon: S&D S&D
144

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2
4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

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3

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For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
95

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Sweden Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

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2

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2

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2

Estonia Renew

3

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For (1)

1

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1

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2

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2

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1
icon: The Left The Left
38

Czechia The Left

1

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1

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1

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1

Portugal The Left

3

Denmark The Left

1

Cyprus The Left

2

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For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
27

Germany NI

2

Slovakia NI

2

Croatia NI

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2

Lithuania NI

1

Netherlands NI

1

Hungary NI

1
icon: ECR ECR
59
3

Slovakia ECR

2

Romania ECR

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1

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1

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1

Lithuania ECR

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1

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2

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4

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2
icon: ID ID
71

Czechia ID

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1

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3

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1

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1

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181

Finland PPE

3

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3

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2

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1

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1

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2

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4

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2

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2

A9-0264/2020 - Caroline Roose - Am 6 #

2021/01/21 Outcome: +: 325, -: 318, 0: 44
FR DE ES PT BE CZ LU SK EE RO FI EL HR LT SE AT SI LV CY DK MT IE NL HU BG IT PL
Total
76
93
59
20
20
20
6
14
7
33
13
21
12
11
19
18
8
8
6
14
6
13
28
21
17
74
50
icon: S&D S&D
144

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Finland S&D

Abstain (1)

2

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2
4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

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Abstain (1)

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
95

Luxembourg Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Finland Renew

3

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For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

1

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For (1)

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1

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1

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2

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2

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3

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1
icon: The Left The Left
38

Portugal The Left

3

Belgium The Left

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1

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1

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1

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1

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2

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
27

Germany NI

2

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2

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Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

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1

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1
icon: ECR ECR
59

Slovakia ECR

2

Romania ECR

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1

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1

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1
3

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4

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2
icon: ID ID
71

Czechia ID

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1

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181

Belgium PPE

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2

A9-0264/2020 - Caroline Roose - Am 7 #

2021/01/21 Outcome: +: 443, -: 230, 0: 16
FR IT ES BE DE CZ DK SE FI AT LU PT EE SK EL IE RO MT CY HR LT SI LV NL HU BG PL
Total
78
74
59
20
93
20
14
19
13
18
6
20
7
14
21
13
33
6
6
12
11
8
8
28
21
17
50
icon: S&D S&D
144

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

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2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
95

Italy Renew

For (1)

1

Sweden Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Slovakia Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
72

Czechia ID

For (1)

1

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

1
3

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

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1
icon: The Left The Left
38

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Denmark The Left

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Portugal The Left

3

Cyprus The Left

2

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
27

Germany NI

2

Slovakia NI

For (1)

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2

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Netherlands NI

1

Hungary NI

1
icon: ECR ECR
59
3

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

4

Bulgaria ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
181

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Finland PPE

3

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Malta PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

4

Latvia PPE

2

A9-0264/2020 - Caroline Roose - Am 1 #

2021/01/21 Outcome: -: 408, +: 253, 0: 28
CZ DE BE LU FR FI SE EL EE SI MT SK CY DK LT LV NL IE HR HU AT BG PT RO ES IT PL
Total
20
93
20
6
78
13
19
21
7
8
6
14
6
14
11
8
28
13
12
21
18
17
20
33
59
74
50
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
95

Luxembourg Renew

2

Finland Renew

Against (1)

3

Sweden Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Italy Renew

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
38

Czechia The Left

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Denmark The Left

1

Netherlands The Left

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1

Ireland The Left

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

4

Portugal The Left

3
icon: NI NI
27

Germany NI

2

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary NI

1
icon: ECR ECR
59
3

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

4

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: ID ID
72

Czechia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

Abstain (1)

1

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Austria ID

3
icon: S&D S&D
144

Belgium S&D

3

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Finland S&D

Abstain (1)

2

Greece S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Malta S&D

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

4

Slovakia S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2
icon: PPE PPE
181

Belgium PPE

Against (1)

3

Luxembourg PPE

2

Finland PPE

Against (1)

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia PPE

4

Malta PPE

2

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2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Croatia PPE

For (1)

4

A9-0264/2020 - Caroline Roose - Am 2 #

2021/01/21 Outcome: -: 359, +: 205, 0: 123
DE CZ NL LU FI BE EL MT LV SI IE CY EE DK LT SK HU HR AT FR SE BG PT PL RO ES IT
Total
93
20
27
6
13
20
21
6
8
8
13
6
7
14
11
14
21
12
18
78
19
17
19
50
33
59
74
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: The Left The Left
37

Czechia The Left

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Ireland The Left

Abstain (1)

4

Cyprus The Left

2

Denmark The Left

1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Portugal The Left

2
icon: NI NI
27

Germany NI

2

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Lithuania NI

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia NI

2

Hungary NI

1

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2
icon: ECR ECR
59

Netherlands ECR

Abstain (1)

4

Greece ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1
3

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
95

Luxembourg Renew

2

Finland Renew

Against (1)

3

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Abstain (1)

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Sweden Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

3

Italy Renew

Against (1)

1
icon: ID ID
72