BETA


2020/0361(COD) Digital Services Act
Next event: Debate in plenary scheduled 2022/07/04

Progress: Awaiting Parliament's position in 1st reading

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead IMCO SCHALDEMOSE Christel (icon: S&D S&D) KOKALARI Arba (icon: EPP EPP), CHARANZOVÁ Dita (icon: Renew Renew), GEESE Alexandra (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), BASSO Alessandra (icon: ID ID), BIELAN Adam (icon: ECR ECR), SCHIRDEWAN Martin (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion FEMM WIŚNIEWSKA Jadwiga (icon: ECR ECR) Hilde VAUTMANS (icon: RE RE), Silvia MODIG (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Kira Marie PETER-HANSEN (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Isabella TOVAGLIERI (icon: ID ID), Lena DÜPONT (icon: PPE PPE), Maria-Manuel LEITÃO-MARQUES (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion CULT VERHEYEN Sabine (icon: EPP EPP) Petra KAMMEREVERT (icon: S&D S&D), Martina MICHELS (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Irena JOVEVA (icon: RE RE), Marcel KOLAJA (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Dace MELBĀRDE (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion ITRE VIRKKUNEN Henna (icon: EPP EPP) Marisa MATIAS (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Gianna GANCIA (icon: ID ID), Valérie HAYER (icon: RE RE), Robert ROOS (icon: ECR ECR), Mikuláš PEKSA (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Lina GÁLVEZ MUÑOZ (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion TRAN HAIDER Roman (icon: ID ID) Ignazio CORRAO (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Kateřina KONEČNÁ (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Elżbieta Katarzyna ŁUKACIJEWSKA (icon: PPE PPE), Kosma ZŁOTOWSKI (icon: ECR ECR), José Ramón BAUZÁ DÍAZ (icon: RE RE), Andris AMERIKS (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion ECON PEKSA Mikuláš (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) Eva MAYDELL (icon: PPE PPE), Alfred SANT (icon: S&D S&D), José GUSMÃO (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Francesca DONATO (icon: NA NA), Nicola BEER (icon: RE RE), Jessica STEGRUD (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion LIBE BREYER Patrick (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) Clare DALY (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Vladimír BILČÍK (icon: PPE PPE), Patryk JAKI (icon: ECR ECR), Marina KALJURAND (icon: S&D S&D), Moritz KÖRNER (icon: RE RE), Tom VANDENDRIESSCHE (icon: ID ID)
Committee Opinion JURI DIDIER Geoffroy (icon: EPP EPP) Emmanuel MAUREL (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Tiemo WÖLKEN (icon: S&D S&D), Karen MELCHIOR (icon: RE RE), Alessandra BASSO (icon: ID ID), Patrick BREYER (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 57, TFEU 114-p1

Events

2022/07/04
   Debate in plenary scheduled
2022/06/16
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
2022/01/20
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted amendments to the proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on a Single Market For Digital Services (Digital Services Act) and amending Directive 2000/31/EC.

The matter was referred to the committee responsible for inter-institutional negotiations.

The main amendments adopted in plenary relate to the following points:

Subject matter and scope

The draft legislation on digital services clearly defines the responsibilities and obligations of intermediary service providers, in particular online platforms, such as social media and marketplaces. It would apply to intermediary services provided to service recipients whose place of establishment or residence is in the EU, irrespective of the place of establishment of the service providers. Micro and small enterprises would be exempt from certain obligations related to the legislation.

Notification and action procedure

All hosting service providers, regardless of their size, should put in place easily accessible, comprehensive and user-friendly notification and action mechanisms , allowing easy notification to the hosting service provider concerned of material which the notifying party considers to be illegal content (‘notification’).

Hosting service providers should act on notifications without undue delay, taking into account the type of illegal content notified and the urgency to act, and should inform the person or entity notifying the specific content of its decision as soon as possible.

Members also provided for stronger safeguards to ensure that notifications are dealt with in a non-arbitrary and non-discriminatory manner and with respect for fundamental rights, including freedom of expression.

Removal of illegal content

Members suggested linking the concept of ‘illegal content’ to the general idea that ‘ what is illegal offline should also be illegal online ’. The proposed measures include clearly defined procedures for removing illegal products, services and content online.

Online platforms would be empowered to suspend , for a reasonable period of time and after issuing a prior warning, the provision of their services to recipients of the service who frequently provide illegal content, whose illegal content can be established without legal or factual examination, or who have received two or more orders to act regarding illegal content in the previous 12 months, unless those orders were alter overturned.

Traceability of traders

Online platforms that allow consumers to conclude distance contracts with traders should obtain additional information on the trader and the products and services they intend to offer on the platform. Prior to offering its services to the trader, the online platform operator should make best efforts to assess if the information provided by the trader is reliable.

Online platforms should demonstrate that they are doing their utmost to prevent the dissemination of illegal products and services by traders and should inform beneficiaries when the service or product they have acquired through them is illegal.

Where an online platform becomes aware that a product or service offered by a trader on its interface is illegal, it should promptly remove the illegal product or service from its interface and, where appropriate, inform the relevant authorities, and make available to the public a register containing information on illegal products and services removed from its platform in the last 12 months.

Targeted advertising

Online platforms should ensure that recipients of the service can refuse or withdraw their consent for targeted advertising purposes in a way that is not more difficult nor time-consuming than to give their consent. Refusing consent in processing personal data for the purposes of advertising should not result in access to the functionalities of the platform being disabled. Alternative access options should be fair and reasonable both for regular and for one-time users, such as options based on tracking-free advertising .

Online platforms should also not use personal data for commercial purposes related to direct marketing, profiling and behaviourally targeted advertising of minors . Targeting individuals on the basis of special categories of data which allow for targeting vulnerable groups should not be permitted.

Increased transparency of algorithms

Providers' terms and conditions should be drafted in clear and unambiguous language. They should include information on the policies, procedures, measures and tools used for content moderation purposes, including algorithmic decision-making, human review, and the right to terminate the use of the service.

Online platforms should refrain from using deceiving or nudging techniques to influence users’ behaviour through ‘dark patterns’. These techniques may be used to encourage the acceptance of terms and conditions, including giving consent to sharing personal and non-personal data.

Members also called for more choice over algorithm-based ranking: the parameters of recommender systems should be presented in an easily understandable way so that recipients understand how information is prioritised for them. Very large online platforms should let recipients decide whether they want to be subject to recommender systems that rely on profiling and ensure that a non-profiling option is available.

Compensation

Recipients of the service should have the right to seek, in accordance with relevant Union and national law compensation from providers of intermediary services, against any direct damage or loss suffered due to an infringement by providers of intermediary services of obligations established under this Regulation.

Other aspects

Other amendments adopted in plenary include:

- accessibility requirements for online platforms to ensure full, equal and unrestricted access to intermediary services for all recipients of services, including persons with disabilities;

- additional obligations for platforms used primarily for the distribution of user-generated pornographic content , including the obligation to ensure professional moderation of content by a human being trained to detect image-based sexual abuse;

- the need for providers to respect freedom of expression, freedom and media pluralism in their terms and conditions, as well as a provision on the right to use and pay for digital services anonymously;

- combating the spread of disinformation by introducing provisions on mandatory risk assessment, risk mitigation measures, as well as the accountability of very large online platforms to an independent external audit .

Documents
2022/01/20
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2022/01/19
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2022/01/04
   FR_ASSEMBLY - Contribution
Documents
2021/12/21
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection adopted the report by Christel SCHALDEMOSE (S&D, DK) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on a Single Market For Digital Services (Digital Services Act) and amending Directive 2000/31/EC.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal as follows:

Scope

Members stipulated that the proposed regulation should apply to intermediary services provided to recipients of the service that have their place of establishment or residence in the Union, irrespective of the place of establishment of the providers of those services. It should not apply to any service that is not an intermediary service or to any requirements imposed in respect of such a service, irrespective of whether the service is provided through the use of an intermediary service.

Removing illegal content

The amended text stated that online platforms should:

- be entitled to suspend, for a reasonable period of time and after having issued a prior warning, the provision of their services to recipients of the service that frequently provide illegal content, for which the illegality can be established without conducting a legal or factual examination or for which they have received two or more orders to act regarding illegal content in the previous 12 months, unless those orders were later overturned;

- suspend, for a reasonable period of time and after having issued a prior warning, the processing of notices and complaints submitted through the notice and action mechanisms and internal complaints handling systems, respectively, by individuals or entities or by complainants that frequently submit notices or complaints that are unfounded.

Advertisements to minors

The report stressed that online platforms should take steps to phase out collecting or processing personal data for the purpose of targeting recipients for non-commercial and political advertising, in favour of contextual advertising. The same would apply to targeting people based on sensitive data, or to targeting minors.

For the purpose of targeting the recipients to whom advertisements for commercial purposes are displayed, online platforms should offer users the possibility to easily opt-out from micro-targeted tracking and advertisements that are based on their behaviour data or other profiling techniques.

Algorithms and dark patterns

The amended text called for providers of intermediary services to include information on any policies, procedures, measures and tools used by the provider of the intermediary service for the purpose of content moderation, including algorithmic decision-making and human review.

Online platforms should refrain from using deceiving or nudging techniques to influence users’ behaviour through ‘ dark patterns ’. These techniques may be used to encourage the acceptance of terms and conditions, including giving consent to sharing personal and non-personal data.

Moreover, the Digital Services Coordinator of each Member State, by means of national legislation, may request a very large online platform to cooperate with the Digital Services Coordinator of the Member State in question in handling cases involving the removal of lawful content online that is taken down erroneously.

The report also called for increased accountability on algorithms.

Pornographic content

Where an online platform is primarily used for the dissemination of user-generated pornographic content, the platform should take the necessary technical and organisational measures to ensure: (i) that users who disseminate content have verified themselves through a double opt-in e-mail and cell phone registration ; (ii) professional human content moderation , trained to identify image-based sexual abuse, including content having a high probability of being illegal; (iii) the accessibility of a qualified notification procedure in the form that individuals may notify the platform with the claim that image material depicting them or purporting to be depicting them is being disseminated without their consent and supply the platform with prima facie evidence of their physical identity.

The amended text stipulated that content notified through this procedure is to be suspended without undue delay.

Complaints and compensation

The amended text noted that online platforms should handle complaints submitted through their internal complaint-handling system in a timely, non-discriminatory, diligent and non-arbitrary manner and within ten working days starting on the date on which the online platform received the complaint. Upon receipt of the complaint, the Digital Services Coordinator of establishment should assess the matter in a timely manner and should inform within six months the Digital Services Coordinator of the Member State where the recipient resides or is established if it intends to proceed with an investigation. Recipients of the service should have the right to seek compensation from providers of intermediary services, against any direct damage or loss suffered due to an infringement by providers of intermediary services of obligations established under the proposed regulation.

Documents
2021/12/19
   FR_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2021/12/14
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2021/10/29
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/10/13
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/10/05
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/09/30
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/09/30
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/09/28
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/09/03
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/07/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/07/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/07/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/07/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/07/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/07/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/07/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/07/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/07/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/07/04
   IT_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2021/06/30
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2021/05/28
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2021/05/20
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2021/05/10
   EP - PEKSA Mikuláš (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2021/05/10
   EP - DIDIER Geoffroy (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
2021/04/22
   EP - BREYER Patrick (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2021/04/20
   DK_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/04/18
   PL_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2021/04/12
   EP - WIŚNIEWSKA Jadwiga (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in FEMM
2021/04/06
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/04/05
   DE_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2021/03/18
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/03/18
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/03/18
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/03/08
   EP - HAIDER Roman (ID) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2021/02/24
   CZ_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2021/02/10
   EDPS - Document attached to the procedure
2021/02/08
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2021/01/27
   EP - SCHALDEMOSE Christel (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2021/01/20
   EP - VERHEYEN Sabine (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in CULT
2020/12/16
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2020/12/16
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2020/12/16
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2020/12/15
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to lay down harmonised rules on the provision of digital services in the internal market (Digital Services Act).

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: information society services and especially intermediary services have become an important part of the EU’s economy and daily life of Union citizens. Twenty years after the adoption of the existing legal framework applicable to such services laid down in e-Commerce Directive 2000/31/EC, new and innovative business models and services, such as online social networks and marketplaces, have allowed business users and consumers to impart and access information and engage in transactions in novel ways.

A majority of EU citizens now use those services on a daily basis. However, the digital transformation and increased use of those services has also resulted in new risks and challenges, both for individual users and for society as a whole.

The proposed Digital Services Act and Digital Markets Act encompass a single set of new rules applicable across the whole EU. They will create a safer and more open digital space, with European values at its centre.

CONTENT: the main objective of this proposal is to ensure the proper functioning of the internal market, in particular in relation to the provision of cross-border digital services (more specifically, intermediary services). It aims to ensure harmonised conditions for innovative cross-border services to develop in the EU, by addressing and preventing the emergence of obstacles to such economic activity resulting from differences in the way national laws develop, taking into account that several Member States have legislated or intend to legislate on issues such as the removal of illegal content online, diligence, notice and action procedures and transparency.

The proposed regulation lays down harmonised rules on the provision of intermediary services in the internal market. In particular, it establishes:

- a framework for the conditional exemption from liability of providers of intermediary services;

- rules on specific due diligence obligations tailored to certain specific categories of providers of intermediary services;

- rules on the implementation and enforcement of this Regulation, including as regards the cooperation of and coordination between the competent authorities.

This proposal should apply to intermediary services provided to recipients of the service that have their place of establishment or residence in the Union, irrespective of the place of establishment of the providers of those services.

Specific provisions

The proposal lays down:

- measures to counter illegal goods, services or content online, such as a mechanism for users to flag such content and for platforms to cooperate with ‘trusted flaggers’;

- new obligations on traceability of business users in online marketplaces, to help identify sellers of illegal goods;

- effective safeguards for users, including the possibility to challenge platforms’ content moderation decisions;

- transparency measures for online platforms on a variety of issues, including on the algorithms used for recommendations;

- obligations for very large platforms to prevent the misuse of their systems by taking risk-based action and by independent audits of their risk management systems;

- access for researchers to key data of the largest platforms, in order to understand how online risks evolve;

- oversight structures to address the complexity of the online space: EU countries will have the primary role, supported by a new European Board for Digital Services; for very large platforms, enhanced supervision and enforcement by the Commission.

Budgetary implications

The budgetary impact of the proposal should be covered by the allocations foreseen in the multiannual financial framework 2021-2027 under the financial envelopes of the Single Market Programme and the Digital Europe Programme.

2020/12/15
   EP - VIRKKUNEN Henna (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE

Documents

Activities

Votes

Législation sur les services numériques - Digital Services Act - Gesetz über digitale Dienste - A9-0356/2021 - Christel Schaldemose - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote en bloc #

2022/01/19 Outcome: +: 612, -: 47, 0: 33
DE FR ES PL RO IT HU PT NL BG BE EL AT SE DK LT FI HR SK IE LV SI CZ CY LU EE MT
Total
93
79
59
51
32
75
19
21
28
17
20
21
19
21
14
10
14
11
14
13
8
8
21
6
6
7
5
icon: PPE PPE
173

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
144

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
100

Poland Renew

1

Italy Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1
3

Lithuania Renew

1

Finland Renew

3

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
70

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Germany ECR

1

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

1
3

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: The Left The Left
38

Portugal The Left

4

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Ireland The Left

Against (2)

4

Czechia The Left

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
34

Germany NI

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2

Slovakia NI

2
icon: ID ID
70

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Czechia ID

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

A9-0356/2021 - Christel Schaldemose - Après l'article 1 - Am 106/1 #

2022/01/19 Outcome: +: 678, -: 9, 0: 5
DE FR IT ES PL RO NL SE BE CZ AT HU PT BG EL IE DK FI HR SK LT LV SI EE CY LU MT
Total
93
79
75
59
51
32
28
21
20
21
19
19
21
17
21
13
14
14
11
14
10
8
8
7
6
6
5
icon: PPE PPE
173

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Malta PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
144

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
100

Italy Renew

3

Poland Renew

1
3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
70

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
70

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

For (1)

Against (1)

2
3

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Germany ECR

1

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

1

Croatia ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: The Left The Left
38

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Portugal The Left

4

Denmark The Left

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
34

Germany NI

2

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia NI

2

Lithuania NI

1

A9-0356/2021 - Christel Schaldemose - Après l'article 1 - Am 106/2 #

2022/01/19 Outcome: +: 550, -: 128, 0: 13
ES DE IT PL RO HU NL BG PT EL AT IE SE DK CZ FI LT HR LV BE SK SI LU MT EE CY FR
Total
59
92
75
51
32
19
28
17
21
21
19
13
21
14
21
14
10
11
8
20
14
8
6
5
7
6
79
icon: S&D S&D
144

Greece S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: PPE PPE
172

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Croatia PPE

Abstain (1)

3

Latvia PPE

2

Slovakia PPE

4

Slovenia PPE

Against (1)

4

Luxembourg PPE

2

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
70

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
100

Italy Renew

3

Poland Renew

1

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2
3

Finland Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Belgium Renew

4

Slovenia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3
icon: ECR ECR
63

Germany ECR

1

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

1
3

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
38

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Denmark The Left

Against (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Finland The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
34

Germany NI

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia NI

2
icon: ID ID
70

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

A9-0356/2021 - Christel Schaldemose - § 1, après le point h - Am 494 #

2022/01/19 Outcome: -: 539, +: 145, 0: 8
HU PL LV EE MT LT CY LU HR BE SI IT SK CZ DK FI BG AT IE EL SE NL PT RO FR ES DE
Total
19
51
8
7
5
10
6
6
11
20
8
75
14
21
14
14
17
19
13
21
21
28
21
32
79
59
93
icon: ID ID
70

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Czechia ID

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2
3

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
63

Latvia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Romania ECR

1

Germany ECR

1
icon: NI NI
34

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Germany NI

2
icon: The Left The Left
38

Cyprus The Left

2

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Denmark The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Ireland The Left

4

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
70

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
100

Hungary Renew

2

Poland Renew

1

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Italy Renew

3

Finland Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3
icon: S&D S&D
144

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Belgium S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Slovakia S&D

3

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1

Finland S&D

2

Greece S&D

2
icon: PPE PPE
173

Hungary PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Croatia PPE

3

Slovenia PPE

4

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0356/2021 - Christel Schaldemose - § 3 - Am 522S #

2022/01/19 Outcome: -: 524, +: 146, 0: 22
DE EE AT FI DK LU CY IE MT NL BE LV LT SI SE SK HR CZ EL BG HU PT RO ES FR PL IT
Total
93
7
19
14
14
6
6
13
5
28
20
8
10
8
21
14
11
21
21
17
19
21
32
59
79
51
75
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
70

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
34

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

Lithuania NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia NI

2
icon: The Left The Left
38

Germany The Left

For (1)

4

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Denmark The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Ireland The Left

4

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1
icon: ID ID
70

Estonia ID

For (1)

1
3

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Netherlands ID

1

Czechia ID

2
icon: ECR ECR
63

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

1
icon: Renew Renew
100

Estonia Renew

For (1)

Against (2)

3

Austria Renew

Abstain (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2

Poland Renew

1

Italy Renew

3
icon: S&D S&D
144

Estonia S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Belgium S&D

3

Latvia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Slovakia S&D

3

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1

Greece S&D

2
icon: PPE PPE
173

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

2

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

4

Croatia PPE

3

Hungary PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0356/2021 - Christel Schaldemose - § 3 - Am 127 #

2022/01/19 Outcome: +: 653, -: 21, 0: 18
DE FR IT ES PL RO PT HU BG EL CZ NL SE FI SK AT IE DK BE LT HR LV SI CY LU MT EE
Total
93
79
75
59
51
32
21
19
17
21
21
28
21
14
14
19
13
14
20
10
11
8
8
6
6
5
7
icon: PPE PPE
173

Hungary PPE

1

Bulgaria PPE

For (7)</