BETA


Events

2022/06/08
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 437 votes to 142, with 40 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council Amending Regulation (EU) 2018/842 (Effort Sharing Regulation - ESR) on binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions by Member States from 2021 to 2030 contributing to climate action to meet commitments under the Paris Agreement.

The matter was referred back to the competent committee for inter-institutional negotiations.

The main amendments adopted in plenary are as follows:

Binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions by Member States from 2021 to 2030 and beyond

This Regulation:

- lays down obligations on Member States with respect to their minimum contributions for the period from 2021 to 2030 towards fulfilling the Union’s target of reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 40 % below 2005 levels in 2030 in the sectors covered by ESR;

- lays down rules on determining annual emission allocations and for the evaluation of Member States’ progress towards meeting their minimum contributions and paves the way for the setting of post-2030 Union’s greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets.

The amended Regulation therefore sets Member States' annual emissions allowances for the whole of the period 2023-2030, unlike the Commission's plan to readjust them in 2025, and changes the way the linear trajectory is defined.

For the purposes of the Regulation, only biofuels, bioliquids and biomass fuels that meet the sustainability and greenhouse gas emission reduction criteria set out in Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council could be considered net zero emission.

Alignment with the EU and Member States' climate neutrality objective

The European Commission is invited to present a report to ensure that national targets are sufficient to achieve the long-term objective of climate neutrality by 2050 in a fair and cost-effective manner, as well as to define a greenhouse gas emission reduction pathway for each Member State.

Within six months of the publication of this report, the Commission would present proposals to limit greenhouse gas emissions for the sectors covered by the ESR.

Minimum emissions reduction contribution from non-C02 greenhouse gases for 2030

Members called for a legislative proposal to be tabled by July 2023 setting EU-wide targets for non-CO2 emissions covered by the ESR after close consultation with the Scientific Advisory Board on Climate Change.

By 31 July 2023, the Commission should submit to the European Parliament and the Council an assessment report on the EU-wide non-CO2 emission reductions planned and implemented under the relevant national and EU legislation and policies.

Flexibilities by means of borrowing, banking and transfer

The amendments propose to restrict the rules on banking, borrowing and trading of annual emission allowances and delete the provision to create a new voluntary mechanism, in the form of an additional reserve, which would help participating Member States to meet their obligations.

Corrective action

Parliament proposes to strengthen remedial measures. For example, corrective action plans submitted to the Commission should include a detailed explanation of why the Member State is not making sufficient progress to meet its obligations under the ESR.

If a Member State exceeds its annual emissions quota for two or more consecutive years , it should undertake a review of its integrated national energy and climate plan and long-term strategy under Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 on the governance of the Energy Union and climate action. The Member State should complete this review within six months

Access to justice

A new provision is introduced to ensure public access to justice for actions implementing the ESR as amended.

Documents
2022/06/08
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2022/06/07
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2022/05/24
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2022/05/24
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Documents
2022/05/17
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2022/05/02
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/04/28
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2022/03/23
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/03/23
   EP - LINS Norbert (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2022/03/21
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/02/28
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/01/17
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2021/12/08
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2021/11/14
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/10
   EP - DZHAMBAZKI Angel (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/09/27
   EP - BOTOŞ Vlad-Marius (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in REGI
2021/09/17
   EP - POLFJÄRD Jessica (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2021/09/13
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2021/07/14
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/14
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/14
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/14
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/14
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to amend Regulation (EU) 2018/842 (Effort Sharing Regulation – ESR) on binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions by Member States from 2021 to 2030 contributing to climate action to meet commitments under the Paris Agreement.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: the EU put in place a regulatory framework to achieve the 2030 greenhouse gas emission reduction target of at least 40% as endorsed by the European Council in 2014, before the entry into force of the Paris Agreement.

The European Green Deal launched a new growth strategy for the EU that aims to transform the EU into a fair and prosperous society, with a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy. The ‘ European Climate Law ’ has made the EU's climate neutrality target by 2050 legally binding.

The Commission has presented a complementary and interconnected set of proposals as part of the 2030 Climate and Energy ‘Fit for 55’ package to achieve the greenhouse gas emission reduction target of at least 55% compared to 1990 . This ‘Fit for 55’ legislative package is the most comprehensive building block in the efforts to implement the ambitious new 2030 climate target, and all economic sectors and policies will need to make their contribution.

The ‘Fit for 55’ package, the Next Generation EU and the Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027 will help to achieve the twin green and digital transitions that Europe is aiming for.

CONTENT: with this proposal, the Commission aims to amend the Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR) in order to align its contribution to achieving the increased ambition for 2030.

Accelerating emission reductions in those sectors covered by the ESR

To achieve the EU's overall emission reduction target of at least 55% by 2030, the Commission proposes to reduce emissions under the ESR by at least 40% compared to 2005 levels . All Member States should contribute to achieving the EU's rising target. New updated Member State targets would be between -10% and -50% below 2005 levels.

The ESR would continue to cover the road transport and construction sectors, in parallel with their inclusion in a new emissions trading scheme.

National targets and flexibilities

The proposal updates the framework under which the Commission will set the new Member States’ annual emission levels in the years 2023–2030 A review will be carried out in 2025 with a view to adjusting the annual emission allocations for the years of 2026 to 2030 in order to ensure that they are neither too lenient nor too stringent.

The proposal sets national ESR targets based mainly on GDP per capita, in order to ensure fairness and cost effectiveness in effort distribution, while enabling though its flexibilities a cost-efficient achievement of such targets.

Member States can decide to opt-out. This reserve could be triggered only once the requirements of the Climate Law are fulfilled, for the purpose of national compliance with ESR targets by transferring any unused LULUCF credits. They may use a limited a limited amount of credit generated under the LULUCF legislation for compliance in the ESR.

The Commission also proposes a new voluntary reserve, the additional reserve , to help Member States reaching their individual targets, allowing them to use non used net removals generated in the period 2026-2030, subject to the condition that the Union 55% emission reduction target is reached in 2030 with a maximum contribution of net removals set at 225 MtCO2Eq, as required by the European Climate Law.

Monitoring and reporting

The proposal continues the Effort Sharing Regulation with the same monitoring and reporting obligations for Member States and management tasks for the Commission. The Commission will continue to be supported by the European Environment Agency in monitoring Member States’ progress in meeting their obligations under the proposal.

Budgetary implications

The increase in the ESR targets will require additional measures at national level and Member States will need to revise and implement more stringent climate action strategies. Therefore, there is a need for capacity building support measures to be implemented throughout five years (2023-2027) allowing Member States to adjust to a more demanding framework. The total estimated cost of the support measures is EUR 1 750 000.

Documents

Votes

Réductions annuelles contraignantes des émissions de gaz à effet de serre par les États membres (règlement sur la répartition de l'effort) - Binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions by Member States (Effort Sharing Regulation) - Verbindliche nationale Jahresziele für die Reduzierung der Treibhausgasemissionen (Lastenteilungsverordnung) - A9-0163/2022 - Jessica Polfjärd - Proposition de rejet de la proposition de la Commission - Am 52 #

2022/06/08 Outcome: -: 463, +: 103
PL LV EE CY CZ MT LU BG HR LT EL FI SI SK BE DK IE AT SE IT HU NL PT RO FR ES DE
Total
44
7
6
4
19
5
5
12
10
8
10
12
8
11
16
11
12
19
20
62
16
23
19
25
60
47
75
icon: ECR ECR
50

Latvia ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Croatia ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Greece ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

3

Romania ECR

1
icon: ID ID
47

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Czechia ID

2

Finland ID

2

Belgium ID

For (1)

1

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1
3
icon: NI NI
27

Latvia NI

Against (1)

1

Croatia NI

1

Slovakia NI

For (1)

1

France NI

2

Germany NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2
icon: The Left The Left
31

Cyprus The Left

2

Czechia The Left

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Denmark The Left

Against (1)

1

Ireland The Left

4

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Portugal The Left

3

Spain The Left

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
62

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
87

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

Against (2)

2

Luxembourg Renew

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Greece Renew

Against (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Belgium Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Sweden Renew

3

Italy Renew

3

Hungary Renew

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
124

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria S&D

For (1)

4

Lithuania S&D

2

Greece S&D

Against (1)

1

Finland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

Against (1)

1

Belgium S&D

3

Denmark S&D

2
icon: PPE PPE
138

Latvia PPE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

2

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Croatia PPE

3

Finland PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

4

Belgium PPE

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0163/2022 - Jessica Polfjärd - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote en bloc - Am 1-7, 9-10, 12, 14, 15, 17, 21 #

2022/06/08 Outcome: +: 470, -: 65, 0: 57
DE ES FR PL RO IT NL PT SE AT IE DK BG EL SK BE FI SI HR CZ HU LT LV MT LU CY EE
Total
79
52
62
46
28
61
24
19
20
19
13
11
13
14
13
16
14
8
10
19
16
8
7
5
5
4
6
icon: PPE PPE
149

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2
2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
127

Denmark S&D

2

Greece S&D

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
89

Italy Renew

3
3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

For (1)

1

Greece Renew

1

Finland Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
34

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Portugal The Left

For (1)

3

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
29

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

2

France NI

2

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia NI

1
icon: ECR ECR
53

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Abstain (1)

4
3

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Belgium ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: ID ID
48

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Belgium ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

A9-0163/2022 - Jessica Polfjärd - Amendements de la commission compétente - votes séparés - Am 20 #

2022/06/08 Outcome: +: 322, -: 275, 0: 5
ES FR DK FI NL PT BE EL IE MT SE EE SK CZ LU CY LT HR LV AT SI DE HU BG IT RO PL
Total
53
62
11
14
26
18
17
14
13
5
20
6
13
19
5
5
8
10
7
19
7
80
16
14
65
28
47
icon: S&D S&D
127

Denmark S&D

2

Greece S&D

1

Estonia S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
91

Finland Renew

3

Greece Renew

1

Ireland Renew

2
3

Estonia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Hungary Renew

1

Bulgaria Renew

2

Italy Renew

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
33

Denmark The Left

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Portugal The Left

2

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
30

France NI

2

Slovakia NI

2

Croatia NI

Against (1)

1

Latvia NI

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

2
icon: ID ID
49

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Belgium ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Austria ID

3
icon: ECR ECR
56

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
3

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
153

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Finland PPE

3

Belgium PPE

For (1)

3

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

2

Croatia PPE

3

Latvia PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

4

A9-0163/2022 - Jessica Polfjärd - Amendements de la commission compétente - votes séparés - Am 26/1 #

2022/06/08 Outcome: +: 428, -: 165, 0: 10
FR IT ES DE PL HU PT NL DK BE SE SK AT EL HR EE FI IE MT BG LV LT LU CY SI CZ RO
Total
62
65
54
79
46
16
19
26
11
17
20
13
19
14
10
6
13
13
5
14
6
8
5
5
8
19
30
icon: S&D S&D
126

Denmark S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

2

Greece S&D

1

Estonia S&D

2

Finland S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
90

Italy Renew

3

Hungary Renew

1
3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Greece Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

2

Finland Renew

For (1)

3

Ireland Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Luxembourg Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3
icon: ECR ECR
56

Netherlands ECR

4

Sweden ECR

Against (1)

3

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

1

Croatia ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Latvia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

1

Romania ECR

1
icon: ID ID
49

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Belgium ID

For (1)

1
3

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2
icon: The Left The Left
34

Portugal The Left

3

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Belgium The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Czechia The Left

1
icon: NI NI
30

France NI

2

Germany NI

2

Slovakia NI

2

Croatia NI

1

Latvia NI

1
icon: PPE PPE
155

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium PPE

3

Slovakia PPE

4

Croatia PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Finland PPE

3

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

4

A9-0163/2022 - Jessica Polfjärd - Amendements de la commission compétente - votes séparés - Am 26/2 #

2022/06/08 Outcome: +: 312, -: 281, 0: 3
ES FR PT NL DE DK IE BE MT EE LU EL SK CY FI LT HR AT SI BG HU LV IT SE CZ RO PL
Total
53
62
19
25
78
11
13
17
5
6
6
14
13
5
14
8
10
18
8
13
16
6
63
20
18
29
46
icon: S&D S&D
125

Denmark S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

1

Finland S&D

Against (1)

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
90

Ireland Renew

2

Estonia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Greece Renew

1

Finland Renew

For (1)

3

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

2

Hungary Renew

1

Italy Renew

3

Sweden Renew

For (1)

3

Czechia Renew

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
34

Portugal The Left

3

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
30

France NI

2

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

Slovakia NI

2

Croatia NI

Against (1)

1

Latvia NI

1
icon: ID ID
49

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Belgium ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Austria ID

3

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2
icon: ECR ECR
56

Netherlands ECR

4

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Latvia ECR

2
3

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
149

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Belgium PPE

3

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

2

Finland PPE

3

Croatia PPE

3

Slovenia PPE

4

Latvia PPE

2

A9-0163/2022 - Jessica Polfjärd - Amendements de la commission compétente - votes séparés - Am 26/3 #

2022/06/08 Outcome: +: 311, -: 279, 0: 12
ES FR PT NL DK BE IE MT DE EE LU EL SK CY FI LT HR AT SI LV BG IT HU SE CZ RO PL
Total
53
62
19
25
11
16
13
5
77
6
6
14
13
5
14
8
10
18
8
7
13
65
17
20
19
30
48
icon: S&D S&D
128

Denmark S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

1

Finland S&D

Against (1)

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
91

Ireland Renew

2

Estonia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Greece Renew

1

Finland Renew

For (1)

3

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Bulgaria Renew

2

Italy Renew

3

Hungary Renew

1

Sweden Renew

For (1)

3

Poland Renew

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
34

Portugal The Left

3

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
30

France NI

2

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

Slovakia NI

2

Croatia NI

Against (1)

1

Latvia NI

1
icon: ID ID
48

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Austria ID

3

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2
icon: ECR ECR
56

Netherlands ECR

Abstain (1)

4

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2
3

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
152

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Belgium PPE

3

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1