BETA


Events

2022/07/07
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2022/07/07
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 334 votes to 95, with 153 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on ensuring a level playing field for sustainable air transport.

The matter was referred back to the committee responsible for inter-institutional negotiations.

The main amendments adopted in plenary concern the following points:

Subject matter

The proposal is part of the ‘Fit for 55 in 2030 package’ and aims to increase the share of sustainable fuels used by EU airlines and airports in order to reduce aviation emissions and ensure Europe's carbon neutrality by 2050.

This Regulation should apply to aircraft operators, Union airports, or where applicable, the managing body of an airport, and to aviation fuel suppliers. ‘Aircraft operator’ should mean a person that operated at least 52 commercial air transport flights departing from Union airports in the reporting period.

Accelerated integration of sustainable fuels

Members revised upwards the Commission's original proposal for the minimum share of renewable fuels to be made available at EU airports. From 2025 onwards, this minimum share by volume should be 2% (including a minimum share of 0.04% of synthetic fuels), rising to 6% in 2030, 20% in 2035, 37% in 2040, 54% in 2040 and 85% in 2050 (including a minimum share of 50% of synthetic fuels). The Commission had proposed 32% by 2040, 38% by 2045 and 63% by 2050.

Where an aviation fuel supplier fails to supply the minimum shares for a given reporting period, it should report the shortfall, and the reasons for it, to the European Union Aviation Safety Agency. Where the Commission assesses that this shortfall is not caused by lack of resource availability, the fuel supplier should make every possible effort to at least complement that shortfall in the subsequent reporting period.

Broader definition of sustainable fuels

Parliament amended the proposed definition of sustainable fuels for aviation, a term that covers synthetic fuels or certain biofuels derived from agricultural and forestry residues, algae, bio-waste or used cooking oil.

Members added to this definition liquid and gaseous fuels produced from waste treatment gases and exhaust gases of non-renewable origin that unavoidably and unintentionally arise from production processes in industrial installations. Until 31 December 2034 , sustainable aviation fuels could also include biofuels that meet the sustainability and greenhouse gas emission reduction criteria set out in Article 29 of Directive (EU) 2018/2001 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and that are certified in accordance with that directive.

However, Members excluded fuels made from food or feed crops, intermediate crops, palm fatty acid distillate and all palm and soy-derived materials, as well as soap stocks and their derivatives.

Inclusion of renewable electricity and hydrogen in the sustainable fuel mix

Members stressed that other sustainable aviation fuels, such as electricity or hydrogen, are very promising technologies and are expected to progressively contribute to the decarbonisation of air transport, beginning with short-haul flights.

When electric or hydrogen-powered aircrafts become mature and commercially available, it will be necessary for airports covered by this Regulation to take all necessary measures to facilitate an appropriate infrastructure for hydrogen and electric recharging for aircrafts , in accordance with the respective deployment plan of the national policy framework, as set out in the proposed Regulation on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure.

Sustainable Aviation Fund

Parliament proposed the creation of a Sustainable Aviation Fund from 2023 to 2050 to accelerate decarbonisation in the sector and support investment in sustainable fuels, innovative aircraft propulsion technologies, research into new engines and direct air capture technology. The Fund should constitute an integral part of the EU budget and its budget should be established within the limits of the multi-annual financial framework. The revenue generated by the penalties provided for in the Regulation should be allocated to the Fund.

EU labelling scheme for the environmental performance of aviation

In order to further promote the decarbonisation of the aviation sector and to increase the transparency of information to consumers on the environmental performance of aircraft operators, Parliament proposed that the Commission create a comprehensive labelling scheme by 2024 for the environmental performance of aircraft, airlines and commercial flights, to be developed and implemented by the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA).

Sustainable aviation fuels flexibility mechanism

Parliament proposed to establish a flexibility mechanism, with a transitional period of ten years from the date of application of the regulation, to allow fuel suppliers and aircraft operators a reasonable period of time to organise the distribution and use of sustainable aviation fuels in a cost-effective manner at the EU airports of their choice and in proportion to their needs. This flexibility mechanism would also contribute to preserving air connectivity , avoiding that less connected European regions with fewer alternative transport modes are disproportionately affected.

During the transitional period, the Commission should regularly review the integrity and transparency of the market for sustainable aviation fuels. In particular, it should analyse the functioning of the market, including its volatility, unusual price evolution or trading behaviour of market participants that could indicate possible monopolistic behaviour.

Documents
2022/07/07
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2022/06/28
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2022/06/28
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Documents
2022/06/27
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2022/05/02
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/04/21
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/03/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/03/10
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/02/11
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2021/12/20
   IE_SENATE - Reasoned opinion
Documents
2021/11/14
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/11
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/10/29
   EP - BAUZÁ DÍAZ José Ramón (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2021/10/20
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2021/09/30
   EP - PAULUS Jutta (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2021/09/16
   EP - GONZÁLEZ CASARES Nicolás (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2021/09/13
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/14
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to ensure a level playing field for sustainable air transport, when it comes to the use of aviation fuel (Refuel EU).

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: sustainable development of air transport requires the introduction of measures aimed at reducing the carbon emissions from aircraft flying from Union airports. Such measures should contribute to meeting the Union’s climate objectives by 2030 and 2050. Variations in fuel prices can significantly affect aircraft operators’ economic performance and negatively impact competition on the market. Practices such as ‘fuel tankering’ occur when aircraft operators uplift more aviation fuel than necessary at a given airport, with the aim to avoid refuelling partially or fully at a destination airport where aviation fuel is more expensive. This practice l eads to higher fuel burn than necessary, hence higher emissions, and undermines fair competition in the Union air transport market.

It is essential to set harmonised rules across the EU internal market, applying directly and in a uniform way to aviation market actors on the one hand, and aviation fuels market actors on the other hand.

The European Green Deal launched a new growth strategy for the EU that aims to transform the EU into a fair and prosperous society, with a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy. The ‘ European Climate Law ’ has made the EU's climate neutrality target by 2050 legally binding.

The Commission has presented a complementary and interconnected set of proposals as part of the 2030 Climate and Energy ‘Fit for 55’ package to achieve the greenhouse gas emission reduction target of at least 55% compared to 1990 . This ‘Fit for 55’ legislative package is the most comprehensive building block in the efforts to implement the ambitious new 2030 climate target, and all economic sectors and policies will need to make their contribution.

The ‘Fit for 55’ package, the Next Generation EU and the Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027 will help to achieve the twin green and digital transitions that Europe is aiming for.

CONTENT: with this proposal, the Commission sets out a framework restoring and preserving a level playing field on the air transport market as regards the use of aviation fuels . Such a framework should prevent divergent requirements across the EU that would exacerbate refuelling practices distorting competition between aircraft operators or putting some airports at competitive disadvantage with others.

The proposal aims to support a swift transition from fossil fuels towards sustainable fuels in air transport making air travel greener. More specifically, it:

- lays down harmonised rules aiming to maintain a competitive level playing field on the Union aviation internal market while increasing the uptake of sustainable aviation fuels by aircraft operators and the distribution of sustainable aviation fuels at EU airports;

- establishes the obligation for aviation fuel suppliers to ensure that all aviation fuel made available to aircraft operators at Union airports contains a minimum share of sustainable aviation fuel, including a minimum share of synthetic fuel. S ynthetic aviation fuels have the potential to achieve emission savings as high as 85% or more compared to fossil aviation fuel. When produced from renewable electricity and carbon captured directly from the air, the potential emission savings compared to fossil aviation fuel can reach 100%;

- establishes the obligation for aircraft operators to ensure that the yearly quantity of aviation fuel uplifted at a given Union airport is of at least 90% of the yearly aviation fuel required;

- defines the obligations for EU airports to provide the infrastructure necessary to facilitate the access of aircraft operators to aviation fuels containing shares of sustainable aviation fuels;

- creates a transition period of 5 years in which aviation fuel suppliers may supply the minimum share of sustainable aviation fuel as an average over all the aviation fuel they supplied across Union airports for that reporting period;

- defines, in an Annex, the minimum shares of sustainable aviation fuel, including the minimum shares of synthetic fuel, of the aviation fuel to be supplied.

Monitoring and reporting

The proposed Regulation includes monitoring, reporting and verification systems that allow to ensure that it is implemented correctly. In particular, aircraft operators and fuel suppliers will be required to report on a yearly basis. Further, on a yearly basis, EASA will report to the Commission notably on the compliance of economic operators and on the status of the aviation and sustainable aviation fuels markets.

Lastly, the Commission will report to the European Parliament and the Council, at least every five years after the date of application of this Regulation, the evolution of the aviation fuels market and its impact on the aviation internal market of the Union.

Documents

Activities

Votes

Carburants durables pour l’aviation (Initiative «ReFuel EU Aviation») - Sustainable aviation fuels (ReFuelEU Aviation Initiative) - Nachhaltiger Flugkraftstoff (Initiative „ReFuelEU Aviation“) - A9-0199/2022 - Søren Gade - Article 3, § 1, tiret 5 - Am 46/3 #

2022/07/07 Outcome: +: 354, -: 194, 0: 25
FR ES PL DE IE DK NL EL CZ BE PT HR CY EE LV BG SE LT HU LU FI SK AT SI MT RO IT
Total
63
49
46
76
12
13
27
13
18
16
16
12
6
6
5
14
19
10
7
6
11
10
15
7
4
28
64
icon: S&D S&D
114

Netherlands S&D

Against (1)

5

Greece S&D

1

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Belgium S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

Against (1)

3
icon: Renew Renew
87

Poland Renew

1

Ireland Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Sweden Renew

For (1)

3

Lithuania Renew

1

Hungary Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Finland Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Italy Renew

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
64

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Italy Verts/ALE

3
icon: ECR ECR
57

Germany ECR

1

Croatia ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Romania ECR

1
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32

France The Left

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3

Denmark The Left

1

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1

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1

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3

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2

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1

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1
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28

France NI

2

Latvia NI

1

Slovakia NI

2
icon: ID ID
52

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1

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1

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2

Belgium ID

2

Estonia ID

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1

Finland ID

2

Austria ID

3
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139

Denmark PPE

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1

Czechia PPE

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3

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3

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2

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4

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1

A9-0199/2022 - Søren Gade - Article 4, après le § 1 - Am 134/1 #

2022/07/07 Outcome: +: 440, -: 126, 0: 10
DE ES FR NL RO PT DK EL IE BE BG LT AT SI HR IT CY LU LV SK CZ FI EE MT PL HU SE
Total
79
51
64
27
25
17
13
13
12
17
13
10
14
7
12
64
6
6
5
9
17
11
6
5
46
8
19
icon: PPE PPE
137

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Latvia PPE

For (1)

1

Slovakia PPE

2

Malta PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
116

Greece S&D

1

Belgium S&D

For (1)

1

Bulgaria S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
87

Ireland Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Italy Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

Against (1)

2

Estonia Renew

3

Poland Renew

1

Hungary Renew

2

Sweden Renew

For (1)

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
65

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3
icon: The Left The Left
32

France The Left

3

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1

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3

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1

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1

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2

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1

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1
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29

Germany NI

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3

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2

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2

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1

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
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56

Germany ECR

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1

Romania ECR

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1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

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1

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1

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1

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3
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54

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1

A9-0199/2022 - Søren Gade - Article 4, après le § 1 - Am 134/2 #

2022/07/07 Outcome: +: 290, -: 268, 0: 13
FR ES IE EL NL BE CY RO PT LU DK SK LV DE SI AT MT FI LT HR EE HU SE BG CZ IT PL
Total
63
50
12
13
27
16
6
28
17
6
12
10
5
78
7
14
5
10
10
11
6
8
18
14
19
62
44
icon: S&D S&D
117

Greece S&D

1

Belgium S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
59

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
33

France The Left

3

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1

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1

Cyprus The Left

2

Portugal The Left

3

Denmark The Left

1

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1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1
icon: NI NI
29

France NI

2

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Latvia NI

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

3

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: Renew Renew
89

Ireland Renew

2

Belgium Renew

4

Luxembourg Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Italy Renew

Against (1)

1

Poland Renew

1
icon: ECR ECR
53

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Germany ECR

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1

Lithuania ECR

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1

Croatia ECR

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1

Sweden ECR

Against (1)

3

Bulgaria ECR

2
icon: ID ID
52

Netherlands ID

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1

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1

Austria ID

3

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

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1

Czechia ID

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2
icon: PPE PPE
139

Belgium PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Denmark PPE

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1

Slovakia PPE

3

Latvia PPE

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1

Slovenia PPE

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4

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Finland PPE

3

Croatia PPE

3

A9-0199/2022 - Søren Gade - Article 4, après le § 1 - Am 134/3 #

2022/07/07 Outcome: +: 333, -: 239, 0: 14
FR NL ES DK IE EL BE SE CY PT LV LU SK RO DE EE LT FI HR AT SI MT BG HU CZ IT PL
Total
64
28
51
13
12
13
17
19
6
17
5
6
10
28
80
6
10
11
12
15
7
5
13
8
19
63
48
icon: S&D S&D
118

Greece S&D

1

Belgium S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
64

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
88

Ireland Renew

2
3

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

For (1)

Against (2)

3

Lithuania Renew

1

Finland Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

For (1)

1

Poland Renew

1
icon: The Left The Left
33

France The Left

3

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Portugal The Left

3

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1
icon: NI NI
29

France NI

2

Latvia NI

1

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Germany NI

Against (1)

3

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: ECR ECR
58

Sweden ECR

Against (1)

3

Slovakia ECR

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1

Romania ECR

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1

Germany ECR

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1

Lithuania ECR

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1

Croatia ECR

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1

Bulgaria ECR

2
icon: ID ID
53

Netherlands ID

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1

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1

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1

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2

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3

Czechia ID

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2
icon: PPE PPE
143

Denmark PPE

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1

Belgium PPE

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3
2

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1

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Slovakia PPE

3

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3

Slovenia PPE

4

Malta PPE

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1

A9-0199/2022 - Søren Gade - Article 4, après le § 1 - Am 134/4 #

2022/07/07 Outcome: +: 323, -: 236, 0: 17
FR ES NL DK IE EL BE SE CY DE LV PT LU RO SK LT AT FI HR SI EE MT BG HU CZ IT PL
Total
64
51
27
13
12
13
17
19
6
76
5
16
6
27
9
10
14
11
12
7
5
5
14
8
19
63
47
icon: S&D S&D
116

Greece S&D

1

Belgium S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
62

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
88

Ireland Renew

2
3

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Estonia Renew

Against (2)

2

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

For (1)

1

Poland Renew

1
icon: The Left The Left
33

France The Left

3

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Portugal The Left

3

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1
icon: NI NI
29

France NI

2

Germany NI

Against (1)

3

Latvia NI

1

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: ECR ECR
57

Sweden ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2
icon: ID ID
53

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2
icon: PPE PPE
138
4

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Belgium PPE

Against (1)

3
2

Latvia PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Slovakia PPE

3

Finland PPE

3

Slovenia PPE

4

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0199/2022 - Søren Gade - Article 4, après le § 1 - Am 134/5 #

2022/07/07 Outcome: -: 315, +: 257, 0: 13
ES IE NL PT BE EL LU CY LV DK DE SK AT MT FR FI LT EE SI HR HU SE CZ BG RO IT PL
Total
50
12
28
17
17
13
6
6
5
13
80
10
15
5
64
10
10
6
7
12
8
19
19
14
28
63
48
icon: S&D S&D
116

Belgium S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Bulgaria S&D

Abstain (1)

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
64

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
33

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Portugal The Left

3

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Denmark The Left

1

France The Left

3

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1
icon: NI NI
29

Latvia NI

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

3

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

France NI

2

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: ECR ECR
58

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

Against (1)

3

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: ID ID
53

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2
icon: Renew Renew
89

Ireland Renew

2

Belgium Renew

For (1)

4

Luxembourg Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Italy Renew

Against (1)

1

Poland Renew

1
icon: PPE PPE
143

Belgium PPE

Against (1)

3

Luxembourg PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

2

Latvia PPE

Against (1)

1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovakia PPE

3

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Finland PPE

3