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Events

2022/10/19
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 451 votes to 137, with 54 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the use of renewable and low-carbon fuels in maritime transport and amending Directive 2009/16/EC.

The matter was referred back to the committee responsible for interinstitutional negotiations.

The main amendments adopted in plenary concern the following points:

Objective and purpose

This Regulation lays down uniform rules imposing: (a) the limit on the greenhouse gas (‘GHG’) intensity of energy used on-board by a ship arriving at, staying within or departing from ports under the jurisdiction of a Member State and (b) the obligation to use on-shore power supply or zero-emission technology in ports under the jurisdiction of a Member State.

In doing so, the Regulation aims to increase consistent use of renewable and low carbon fuels and substitute sources of energy in maritime transport across the Union, in line with the Union’s objective of reaching climate neutrality at the latest by 2050 and the goals of the Paris Agreement, while ensuring the smooth operation of maritime traffic, creating development opportunities for the maritime industry and avoiding distortions in the internal market.

Scope

The proposed Regulation should apply to all ships above a gross tonnage of 5000 and encompasses 100% of their intra-EU voyages and 50% of their voyages between EU ports and ports located in third countries.

Members proposed the inclusion of a new article stipulating that Member States may, in respect of the energy used on voyages performed by passenger ships other than cruise passenger ships between a port of call under the jurisdiction of a Member State and a port of call under the jurisdiction of the same Member State located in an island with fewer than 100 000 permanent residents, and in respect of the energy used during their stay within a port call of the corresponding island, exempt specific routes and ports from the application of the Regulation.

In addition, the report requested that the Commission continuously monitor the impact of this Regulation on cargo diversion, in particular via transhipment ports in neighbouring countries. Where the Commission identifies major negative impacts on Union ports, the Commission should submit legislative proposals to the European Parliament and to the Council to amend this Regulation.

Greenhouse gas intensity limit of energy used on-board by a ship

Members proposed to reduce greenhouse gas limits by:

- 20% from 1 January 2035;

- 38% from 1 January 2040;

- 64% from 1 January 2045;

- 80% from 1 January 2050.

The Commission had proposed reductions of 13%, 26%, 59% and 75%.

Use of renewable fuels of non-biological origin

Parliament proposed that Member States should take the necessary measures to ensure that renewable fuels of non-biological origin (RFNBOs) are made available in ports within their territory.

From 1 January 2030, at least 2% of the average annual energy used on board a ship should be covered by RFNBOs.

By 2028 at the latest, the Commission should evaluate this obligation with a view to adjusting it if for example there are serious concerns about the production capacity, availability or price of such renewable fuels.

On-shore power supply

Regarding the requirement for ships to connect to on-shore power supply in certain situations in order to limit harmful air pollution, a new article proposed that from 1 January 2030 , a ship at berth in a port of call covered by the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation should connect to on-shore power supply and use it for all its electricity needs while at berth. In the event that a non-TEN-T port has voluntarily installed on-shore power supply, ships calling at that port and having compatible on-shore power supply equipment on-board should connect to on-shore power supply when available at the visited berth.

Consultations should be organised between managing bodies of ports, terminal operators, ship-owners, ship-operators, OPS providers, grid managers and other relevant stakeholders to ensure cooperation on the OPS infrastructure that is planned and deployed in individual ports, as well as on the demand expected from vessels calling on these ports.

Ocean Fund

Members proposed the setting up of a dedicated Ocean Fund channelling revenues generated from the auctioning of maritime allowances within the ETS back to the maritime sector. The revenue from the financial penalties provided for in the Regulation should be paid into the Oceans Fund and used to support projects and investments related to improving the energy efficiency of ships and ports, to innovative technologies and infrastructure for decarbonising maritime transport, to the production and deployment of sustainable alternative fuels and to the development of zero-emission propulsion technologies.

Reporting and monitoring

By 1 January 2024, the Commission should draw up a report on the social impact of the Regulation. This report should include a projection of the impact of the Regulation on employment and training needs up to 2030 and 2050.

The Regulation should be reviewed, and when needed, amended, as new greenhouse gas abatement technologies , such as on-board carbon capture, new renewable and low-carbon fuels and new propulsion methods, such as wind propulsion, become technically and economically mature.

The Commission should continuously evaluate the maturity of different greenhouse gas abatement technologies and present a first review in this regard by 1 January 2027.

Documents
2022/10/19
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2022/10/17
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2022/10/04
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on Transport and Tourism adopted a report by Jörgen WARBORN (EPP, SE) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the use of renewable and low-carbon fuels in maritime transport and amending Directive 2009/16/EC.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the proposal as follows:

Objective and purpose

This Regulation lays down uniform rules imposing: (a) the limit on the greenhouse gas (‘GHG’) intensity of energy used on-board by a ship arriving at, staying within or departing from ports under the jurisdiction of a Member State and (b) the obligation to use on-shore power supply or zero-emission technology in ports under the jurisdiction of a Member State. Its purpose in doing so is to increase consistent use of renewable and low carbon fuels and substitute sources of energy in maritime transport across the Union, in line with the Union’s objective of reaching climate neutrality at the latest by 2050 and the goals of the Paris Agreement, while ensuring the smooth operation of maritime traffic, creating development opportunities for the maritime industry and avoiding distortions in the internal market.

Scope

The proposed Regulation should apply to all ships above a gross tonnage of 5000 and encompasses 100% of their intra-EU voyages and 50% of their voyages between EU ports and ports located in third countries.

Members proposed the inclusion of a new article stipulating that Member States may, in respect of the energy used on voyages performed by passenger ships other than cruise passenger ships between a port of call under the jurisdiction of a Member State and a port of call under the jurisdiction of the same Member State located in an island with fewer than 100 000 permanent residents, and in respect of the energy used during their stay within a port call of the corresponding island, exempt specific routes and ports from the application of the Regulation.

In addition, the report requested that the Commission continuously monitor the impact of this Regulation on cargo diversion , in particular via transhipment ports in neighbouring countries. Where the Commission identifies major negative impacts on Union ports, the Commission shall submit legislative proposals to the European Parliament and to the Council to amend this Regulation.

Greenhouse gas intensity limit of energy used on-board by a ship

Members proposed to reduce greenhouse gas limits by:

- 20% from 1 January 2035;

- 38% from 1 January 2040;

- 64% from 1 January 2045;

- 80% from 1 January 2050.

For ships in ice classes , a correction factor should be applied, resulting in the deduction of the higher fuel consumption linked to ice navigation.

Use of Renewable Fuels of Non-Biological Origin

The report proposed that Member States should take the necessary measures to ensure that renewable fuels of non-biological origin (RFNBOs) are made available in ports within their territory. From 1 January 2030, at least 2% of the average annual energy used on board a ship should be covered by RFNBOs.

On-shore power supply

Regarding the requirement for ships to connect to on-shore power supply in certain situations in order to limit harmful air pollution, a new article proposed that from 1 January 2030, a ship at berth in a port of call covered by the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation should connect to on-shore power supply and use it for all its electricity needs while at berth. In the event that a non-TEN-T port has voluntarily installed on-shore power supply, ships calling at that port and having compatible on-shore power supply equipment on-board should connect to on-shore power supply when available at the visited berth.

Calculation of emission factors and compliance

The proposed Regulation provides tables with default reference values for the calculation of emission factors for fuels from well-to-tank and from tank-to-wake. These default values should, depending on the fuel mix bunkered by a vessel, constitute the basis for determining a ship’s compliance or non-compliance. Members suggested that the use of default values laid down in the annexes should be complemented by the possibility for a ship owner or operator to use real values for well-to-tank and tank-to-wake emissions provided that the actual values are certified by means of laboratory testing or direct emissions measurements.

Dedicated Ocean Fund

Members proposed the setting up of a dedicated Ocean Fund channelling revenues generated from the auctioning of maritime allowances within the ETS back to the maritime sector.

The revenue from the financial penalties provided for in the Regulation should be paid into the Oceans Fund and used to support projects and investments related to improving the energy efficiency of ships and ports, to innovative technologies and infrastructure for decarbonising maritime transport, to the production and deployment of sustainable alternative fuels and to the development of zero-emission propulsion technologies.

Documents
2022/10/03
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2022/06/28
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/06/20
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/04/28
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/04/28
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/04/28
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/04/04
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2022/01/02
   DE_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2021/12/20
   IE_SENATE - Reasoned opinion
Documents
2021/12/08
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2021/11/11
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2021/11/02
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/02
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/02
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/10/29
   EP - WARBORN Jörgen (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2021/09/30
   EP - ANDRESEN Rasmus (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2021/09/17
   EP - WÖLKEN Tiemo (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2021/09/13
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/14
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to propose an EU common framework on the use of renewable and low-carbon fuels in maritime transport (FuelEU).

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: in the context of fuel transition to renewable and low carbon fuels and substitute sources of energy, it is essential to ensure the proper functioning of and fair competition in the EU maritime transport market regarding marine fuels, which account for a substantial share of ship operators’ costs.

Differences in marine fuel prices can have a significant impact on the economic performance of ship operators. At the same time, the price differential between conventional fossil-based marine fuels and low-carbon renewable fuels remains high.

In order to achieve significant reductions in CO2 emissions from international shipping, measures are needed to ensure that the penetration of low-carbon renewable fuels in the marine fuel market takes place under fair competition in the EU shipping market.

The European Green Deal launched a new growth strategy for the EU that aims to transform the EU into a fair and prosperous society, with a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy. The ‘ European Climate Law ’ has made the EU's climate neutrality target by 2050 legally binding.

The Commission has presented a complementary and interconnected set of proposals as part of the 2030 Climate and Energy ‘Fit for 55’ package to achieve the greenhouse gas emission reduction target of at least 55% compared to 1990 . This ‘Fit for 55’ legislative package is the most comprehensive building block in the efforts to implement the ambitious new 2030 climate target, and all economic sectors and policies will need to make their contribution.

CONTENT: the Commission proposes the FuelEU Maritime Initiative which aims to establish a common EU regulatory framework to increase the share of renewable and low-carbon fuels in the fuel mix of international maritime transport without creating barriers to the single market.

In particular, the proposed Regulation:

- lays down rules to reduce the greenhouse gas intensity of energy used on-board by ships arriving at, within or departing from ports under the jurisdiction of a EU Member State, to promote the harmonious development and consistent use of renewable and low-carbon fuels across the Union, without introducing barriers to the single market to promote the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from maritime transport;

- establishes requirements for the use of on-shore power supply or zero-emission energy at berth for specific ship types and lists possible exceptions;

- lays down the conditions to the issue a FuelEU certificate of compliance;

- encourages the use of sustainable maritime fuels and zero-emission technologies by imposing a maximum limit on the greenhouse gas content of the energy used by ships calling at European ports

- obliges passenger ships and container ships to use on-shore power in ports under the jurisdiction of a Member State, unless they can demonstrate that they use an alternative zero-emission technology;

- establishes common principles for monitoring compliance: the regulation builds on the existing system of monitoring, verification and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions from the sector;

- establishes the requirement for ships to carry a valid FuelEU compliance certificate and sets out the conditions for issuing a FuelEU certificate of compliance;

- establishes the penalties to be incurred if compliance has not been achieved;

- requires the Commission to report to the European Parliament and the Council on the application of this Regulation, at least every five years.

Budgetary implications

Expected costs of EUR 500 000 are related to IT services, IT system development and the pooling of ships for compliance.

Documents

Activities

Votes

Carburants maritimes durables (initiative FuelEU Maritime) - Sustainable maritime fuels (FuelEU Maritime Initiative) - Nachhaltige Schiffskraftstoffe (Initiative „FuelEU Maritime“) - A9-0233/2022 - Jörgen Warborn - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 9 #

2022/10/19 Outcome: +: 454, -: 181, 0: 4
IT PL RO ES HU BG SE AT HR NL CZ LT FI PT SI LV EE MT BE SK EL CY LU ?? IE DK DE FR
Total
64
47
33
51
17
16
21
19
12
27
20
11
14
20
7
7
7
5
20
12
14
6
6
1
13
9
87
73
icon: PPE PPE
158

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1

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2

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137
6

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1

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2

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1

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2

Estonia S&D

2

Belgium S&D

3

Slovakia S&D

2

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1

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59

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94

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1
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3

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A9-0233/2022 - Jörgen Warborn - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 67 #

2022/10/19 Outcome: +: 518, -: 119, 0: 4
IT PL FR RO DE ES NL HU BG SE SK AT HR PT BE CZ EE SI LT FI LV MT DK LU EL CY ?? IE
Total
64
48
73
33
87
52
28
17
16
21
11
19
12
20
20
20
7
7
11
14
7
5
9
6
14
6
1
13
icon: PPE PPE
160

Hungary PPE

1

Estonia PPE

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1

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2

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1

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1

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2
2
icon: S&D S&D
136

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1

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1

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icon: Renew Renew
95

Italy Renew

2

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1

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1
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57
3

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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
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A9-0233/2022 - Jörgen Warborn - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 83/1 #

2022/10/19 Outcome: +: 627, 0: 8, -: 6
DE FR IT PL ES RO NL SE BE PT AT HU BG CZ FI IE EL LT HR DK LV EE SI SK CY LU MT ??
Total
86
73
64
48
52
33
27
21
20
20
19
17
16
20
14
13
15
11
12
9
7
7
7
12
6
6
5
1
icon: PPE PPE
160

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

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1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

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1
2

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2

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1
icon: S&D S&D
137

Czechia S&D

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1

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1

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2

Latvia S&D

2

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2

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1

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2

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2

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1
icon: Renew Renew
94

Italy Renew

2

Poland Renew

1
3

Austria Renew

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1

Hungary Renew

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1

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3

Ireland Renew

2

Greece Renew

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

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1

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1

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3

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2

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2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
67

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3

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1

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3

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3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

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1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

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2

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2

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1

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1
icon: ECR ECR
59

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

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1

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1
icon: ID ID
57
3

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2

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34

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A9-0233/2022 - Jörgen Warborn - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 83/2 #

2022/10/19 Outcome: +: 497, -: 125, 0: 16
IT PL FR RO ES DE NL HU BG SE PT HR DK CZ LT SI BE SK LV AT MT EE LU EL CY ?? IE FI
Total
63
47
73
33
51
87
27
17
16
21
20
12
9
20
11
7
20
12
7
19
5
7
6
14
6
1
13
14
icon: PPE PPE
159

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2
2

Finland PPE

Against (1)

3
icon: S&D S&D
137

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

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2

Latvia S&D

2

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2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

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1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
94

Italy Renew

2

Poland Renew

1

Hungary Renew

For (1)

1
3

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

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1

Austria Renew

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1

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Greece Renew

1

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3
icon: ECR ECR
57

Romania ECR

1

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2

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1

Lithuania ECR

1

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1

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For (1)

1

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1
icon: ID ID
57

Czechia ID

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2

Austria ID

3

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

2
icon: NI NI
32

France NI

2

Germany NI

For (1)

1

Croatia NI

2

Lithuania NI

1

Slovakia NI

2

Latvia NI

Against (1)

1

Greece NI

Abstain (1)

1

NI

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
34

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Portugal The Left

For (1)

4

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Ireland The Left

4

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Italy Verts/ALE

For (1)

3

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

4

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

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For (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

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2

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3

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3

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Against (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

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3

A9-0233/2022 - Jörgen Warborn - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 101 #

2022/10/19 Outcome: +: 479, -: 122, 0: 37
PL IT ES RO NL HU BG DE SE HR BE SK CZ PT FR AT SI DK EE EL LT LV MT FI LU CY IE ??
Total
48
63
52
33
28
17
16
84
21
12
20
12
20
20
73
19
7
9
7
15
11
7
5
14
6
6
12
1
icon: PPE PPE
158

Hungary PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2
2
icon: S&D S&D
136

Slovakia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Greece S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
95

Poland Renew

1

Italy Renew

2

Hungary Renew

For (1)

1
3

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Greece Renew

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2
icon: ECR ECR
59

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Croatia ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
55

Czechia ID

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Austria ID

3

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

Finland ID

2
icon: NI NI
33

Germany NI

For (1)

1

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia NI

2

France NI

2

Greece NI

2

Lithuania NI

Against (1)

1

Latvia NI

Against (1)

1

NI

Abstain (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
34

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Ireland The Left

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

4

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

A9-0233/2022 - Jörgen Warborn - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 149 #

2022/10/19 Outcome: +: 445, -: 176, 0: 11
IT PL ES RO BG HU SE AT NL HR CZ SI FI SK LT LV EE PT MT BE CY LU EL IE ?? DK DE FR
Total
63
46
51
32
16
17
21
19
28
12
20
7
14
12
11
7
7
20
4
19
6
6
14
13
1
9
86
71
icon: PPE PPE
157

Hungary PPE

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

For (1)

1
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
136
6

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Belgium S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
55

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Croatia ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Belgium ECR

2

Greece ECR

1
icon: ID ID
56
3

Czechia ID

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
93

Italy Renew

2

Poland Renew

1

Hungary Renew

For (1)

1
3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Slovakia Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

Against (1)

3

Belgium Renew

Against (1)

3

Luxembourg Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Ireland Renew

2
icon: NI NI
33

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)