BETA


Events

2022/06/22
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 450 votes to 115, with 55 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a carbon border adjustment mechanism (CBAM).

The matter was referred back to the committee responsible for inter-institutional negotiations.

The main amendments adopted in plenary are as follows:

Broader CBAM scope

In addition to the products proposed by the Commission, Parliament wants the CBAM to cover organic chemicals, plastics, hydrogen and ammonia . Members also want to extend CBAM to include indirect emissions , i.e. emissions deriving from the electricity used by manufacturers, heating or cooling, in order to strengthen the climate ambition of the proposal.

A Commission report would also assess the technical specificities of calculating embedded emissions for organic chemicals and polymers, their value chains and the ability of the mechanism to sufficiently address the risk of carbon leakage for these sectors. On the basis of this report, the Commission could, if appropriate, present a legislative proposal to adapt the CBAM.

Phasing in CBAM and ending free allowances in the EU ETS

The CBAM would apply from 1 January 2023 with a transition period until the end of 2026 and the Parliament believes that it should be fully implemented for the EU ETS sectors by 2032. Until 2032, exporters should receive free allocations - 100% in the period 2023-2026, 93% in 2027, 84% in 2028, 69% in 2029, 50% in 2030 and 25% in 2031, finally reaching 0% in 2032.

In order to ensure a level playing field, the production in the Union of goods listed in Annex I of the Regulation would continue to be allocated allowances free of charge, provided that these goods are produced for export to third countries that do not have a carbon pricing mechanism equivalent to the EU ETS.

By 31 December 2025, the Commission should present a report with a detailed assessment of the effects of the EU ETS and CBAM on the EU production of products covered by CBAM and exported outside the EU, on the development of global emissions and on the WTO-compatibility of the export derogation.

Centralised EU CBAM authority

While the Commission proposal foresees a decentralised hybrid system with 27 CBAM competent authorities, Parliament believes there should be one centralised EU CBAM authority, which would be more efficient, transparent and cost effective. This would also help to combat forum shopping from importers.

Revenue generated by the sale of CBAM certificates

Parliament wants the revenues generated by the sale of CBAM certificates to go to the EU budget .

In order for the CBAM to achieve its objective of reducing global carbon emissions and contribute to the EU's climate objectives and international commitments, including the Paris Agreement, the EU should finance the efforts of the least developed countries to decarbonise their manufacturing industries with an annual amount at least equal to the level of revenue generated by the sale of CBAM certificates.

The Commission should regularly monitor any changes in trade flows from Least Developed Countries due to the CBAM in order to assess the effectiveness of the Regulation, including its contribution to preventing carbon leakage and its impact on trade flows between the EU and Least Developed Countries.

Sanctions

The CBAM should be carefully designed and supervised by the CBAM authority and customs authorities, inter alia , to prevent, identify and penalise any type of practice of circumvention, including abuse or fraud.

The amount of the penalties for authorised declarants who fail to surrender, by 31 May each year, a number of CBAM certificates corresponding to the emissions embedded in goods imported during the previous year or who submit false information related to embedded emissions to the CBAM authority with a view to obtaining a favourable individual treatment should be equivalent to three times the average price of CBAM certificates in the previous year for each CBAM certificate that the authorised declarant did not surrender.

In the case of repeated offences, the CBAM authority may decide to suspend the CBAM account of the authorised declarant.

Appeals against decisions taken by the CBAM authority

Parties affected by decisions of the MACF authority should have access to the necessary appeal procedures. It is therefore proposed to establish an appropriate appeal mechanism so that decisions of the CBAM authority can be appealed before a Board of Appeal, whose decisions would be subject to appeal to the Court of Justice of the European Union.

Documents
2022/06/22
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2022/06/08
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
2022/06/07
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2022/05/24
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the report by Mohammed CHAHIM (S&D, NL) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a carbon border adjustment mechanism.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should be amended as follows:

Objective of the regulation

Members specified that the regulation establishes a carbon border adjustment mechanism (CBAM) to address the intrinsic greenhouse gas emissions of Annex I goods when imported into the customs territory of the Union in order to reduce global carbon emissions and to support the implementation of the objectives of the Paris Agreement by preventing any potential risk of carbon leakage outside the Union as well as to encourage emission reductions in third countries.

Broader scope of CBAM

Members proposed to broaden the scope of the proposal to cover organic chemicals, hydrogen and plastics, as well as indirect emissions such as those generated by electricity used for manufacturing, heating or cooling in all sectors covered by the CBAM.

Phasing in CBAM and ending free allowances in the EU ETS

While the European Commission proposed that the CBAM should not become fully operational until the beginning of 2036, Members consider that it should apply from 1 January 2023 with a transitional period until the end of 2024 and that it should be fully implemented for all EU ETS sectors by 2030 .

Until 31 December 2030, the manufacture of Annex I goods would benefit from free allocation of allowances in reduced quantities. A CBAM reducing the allocation of allowances for the manufacture of these goods would be applied. The CBAM would be 100% for the period 1 January 2023 to 31 December 2024, 90% in 2025, 80% in 2026, 70% in 2027, 50% in 2028, 25% in 2029 and 0% in 2030.

Each year from 2025 onwards, as part of its annual report to the European Parliament and the Council under Directive 2003/87/EC, the Commission should assess the effectiveness of the CBAM in addressing the risk of carbon leakage for goods produced in the EU and destined for export to third countries that do not apply the EU ETS or a similar carbon pricing mechanism.

Centralised EU CBAM authority

Members considered that instead of a decentralised hybrid system with 27 CBAM competent authorities, there should be one centralised EU CBAM authority, which would be more efficient, transparent and cost effective.

Revenue generated by the sale of CBAM certificates

While the revenues generated from the sale of CBAM certificates would be included in the EU budget as general revenue, the EU should finance the efforts of the least developed countries to decarbonise their manufacturing industries with an annual amount at least equal to the level of revenue generated from the sale of CBAM certificates.

This funding should be accompanied by technical assistance, subject to the full implementation and enforcement of internationally recognised social and labour rights, such as the core labour standards of the International Labour Organisation, in the recipient country.

Sanctions

The CBAM should be carefully designed and supervised by the CBAM authority and customs authorities , inter alia , to prevent, identify and penalise any type of practice of circumvention, including abuse or fraud.

The amount of the penalties for authorised declarants who fail to surrender, by 31 May each year, a number of CBAM certificates corresponding to the emissions embedded in goods imported during the previous year or who submit false information related to embedded emissions to the CBAM authority with a view to obtaining a favourable individual treatment should be equivalent to three times the average price of CBAM certificates in the previous year for each CBAM certificate that the authorised declarant did not surrender.

In the case of repeated offences, the CBAM authority may decide to suspend the CBAM account of the authorised declarant.

Appeals against decisions taken by the CBAM authority

Parties affected by decisions of the MACF authority should have access to the necessary appeal procedures. It is therefore proposed to establish an appropriate appeal mechanism so that decisions of the CBAM authority can be appealed before a Board of Appeal, whose decisions would be subject to appeal to the Court of Justice of the European Union.

Documents
2022/05/17
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2022/04/28
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2022/04/21
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/04/20
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/04/06
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/03/28
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/03/16
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/02/15
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/02/15
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/02/15
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/01/24
   EP - INCIR Evin (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2022/01/12
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/12/21
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2021/12/08
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2021/12/02
   PL_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/25
   EP - FERNANDES José Manuel (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2021/11/25
   EP - HAYER Valérie (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2021/11/11
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2021/11/10
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/10/01
   EP - KLOC Izabela-Helena (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2021/09/17
   EP - KUŹMIUK Zbigniew (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2021/09/16
   EP - CHAHIM Mohammed (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2021/09/13
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2021/09/01
   EP - CARÊME Damien (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/14
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to establish a new border carbon adjustment mechanism to prevent the risk of carbon leakage and support the EU's increased ambition on climate change mitigation.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: as long as significant numbers of the EU’s international partners have policy approaches that do not result in the same level of climate ambition as the Union, and differences in the price applied to GHG emissions remain, there is a risk of carbon leakage. Carbon leakage occurs if, for reasons of differing ambitions related to climate policies, businesses in certain industry sectors or subsectors were to transfer production to other countries with less stringent emission constraints or imports from these countries would replace equivalent but less GHG emissions intensive products due to the difference in climate policy.

That would risk undermining the effectiveness of the EU’s emission mitigation policies and could also lead to an increase in their total emissions globally, thus jeopardising the reduction of GHG emissions that is urgently needed if the world is to keep the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels.

Considering these problems, it is necessary to address the problem of reducing GHG emissions in the EU, while at the same avoiding that these emissions reduction efforts are offset globally by emissions increase outside the EU. In this context, a carbon border adjustment mechanism (CBAM) is proposed with the overarching objective of addressing the risk of carbon leakage in order to fight climate change.

The European Green Deal launched a new growth strategy for the EU that aims to transform the EU into a fair and prosperous society, with a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy. The ‘ European Climate Law ’ has made the EU's climate neutrality target by 2050 legally binding.

The Commission has presented a complementary and interconnected set of proposals as part of the 2030 Climate and Energy ‘Fit for 55’ package to achieve the greenhouse gas emission reduction target of at least 55% compared to 1990 . This ‘Fit for 55’ legislative package is the most comprehensive building block in the efforts to implement the ambitious new 2030 climate target, and all economic sectors and policies will need to make their contribution.

CONTENT: the proposed regulation aims to establish a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) to take into account the greenhouse gas emissions embedded in goods with a high risk of carbon leakage, including iron and steel, cement, fertilisers, aluminium and electricity generation , when imported into the customs territory of the EU.

The CBAM is intended to impose a charge on imports which corresponds with the charges imposed on EU domestic industry under the EU ETS. The scheme would start in 2023 with a transition period until 2025, when importers will be subject to significant reporting obligations. It will be phased in gradually.

A reporting system will apply as from 2023 for those products with the objective of facilitating a smooth roll out and to facilitate dialogue with third countries, and importers will start paying a financial adjustment in 2026.

The CBAM will mirror the ETS in the sense that the system is based on the purchase of certificates by importers . I porters of the goods will have to, either individually or through a representative, register with national authorities where they can also buy CBAM certificates.

Once the definitive system becomes fully operational in 2026 , EU importers will have to declare annually, by 31 May of each year, the quantity of goods and the amount of embedded emissions in the total goods they imported into the EU in the preceding year, and surrender the corresponding amount of CBAM certificates.

Budgetary implications

In order to finance the mechanism, the Commission will be able to borrow up to EUR 750 billion on financial markets. In that context, the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission agreed that the Institutions will work towards introducing sufficient new own resources with a view to covering an amount corresponding to the expected expenditure related to the repayment of NextGenerationEU. The Commission committed to put forward proposals on new own resources, which would include the CBAM in the first semester of 2021.

Documents

Votes

Mécanisme d'ajustement carbone aux frontières - Carbon border adjustment mechanism - CO2-Grenzausgleichssystem - A9-0160/2022 - Mohammed Chahim - Proposition de rejet de la proposition de la Commission - Am 220 #

2022/06/22 Outcome: -: 506, +: 69, 0: 48
PL EE HR LV MT CY LU SI FI LT SK BG CZ EL HU IE AT DK BE SE NL PT RO IT ES FR DE
Total
48
6
11
7
5
6
6
7
12
9
12
13
17
14
12
12
17
13
21
20
28
20
29
67
51
69
91
icon: ECR ECR
56

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1

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2

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1

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2

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1
icon: ID ID
54

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1
icon: NI NI
27

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2

Greece NI

1

Germany NI

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2
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35

Cyprus The Left

2

Finland The Left

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4

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4
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3

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3

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3

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1

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3

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3

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3

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1

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1
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96

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1

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2

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3
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128

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A9-0160/2022 - Mohammed Chahim - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 14 #

2022/06/22 Outcome: +: 544, -: 78, 0: 5
FR IT PL ES DE RO NL PT EL BG HU BE HR CZ IE SE SK LV AT SI DK LU LT MT CY EE FI
Total
70
69
48
51
90
29
28
20
16
13
12
21
11
18
12
20
12
7
17
7
13
6
9
5
5
6
12
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159

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1
3

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1

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A9-0160/2022 - Mohammed Chahim - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 20 #

2022/06/22 Outcome: +: 490, -: 129, 0: 4
DE ES FR RO PT SE NL DK AT IE BG EL IT BE FI SI LT CZ CY HR LU SK MT LV EE PL HU
Total
90
50
71
28
20
20
27
13
17
12
13
16
68
21
12
7
8
18
6
11
6
12
5
6
6
48
12
icon: PPE PPE
158

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2

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1
icon: S&D S&D
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2

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1

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2

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icon: Renew Renew
96
3

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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
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A9-0160/2022 - Mohammed Chahim - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 24/2 #

2022/06/22 Outcome: +: 477, -: 140, 0: 9
DE ES FR RO PT NL SE DK AT IE IT BG EL BE LT FI SI CY HR LU SK MT EE LV PL HU CZ
Total
91
50
71
29
20
28
20
13
17
12
69
12
16
21
9
11
7
6
11
6
12
5
6
7
47
12
18
icon: PPE PPE
161

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Finland PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2
3

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

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1

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1
icon: S&D S&D
127

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1

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1

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icon: Renew Renew
97
3

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1

Ireland Renew

2

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3

Greece Renew

1

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1

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2

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1

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1

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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
66

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1

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3

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3

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1

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3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

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3

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2

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2

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1

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For (1)

1

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3
icon: The Left The Left
34

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1
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Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
55

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

A9-0160/2022 - Mohammed Chahim - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 25S #

2022/06/22 Outcome: +: 479, -: 134, 0: 10
DE ES FR RO SE PT NL EL IE AT BG DK IT SK BE LT FI SI CY HR LU MT EE LV PL HU CZ
Total
89
49
70
27
20
20
28
17
12
16
13
13
69
12
21
9
12
7
6
11
6
5
6
7
48
12
18
icon: PPE PPE
157

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
3

Finland PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

For (1)

1

Hungary PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
126

Greece S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
97
3

Greece Renew

1

Ireland Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Italy Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

1

Finland Renew

2

Slovenia Renew

For (1)

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Poland Renew

1

Hungary Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
67

Spain Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3
icon: The Left The Left
35

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Belgium The Left

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1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
29

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

2

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Latvia NI

1
icon: ECR ECR
56

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: ID ID
56

Netherlands ID

Abstain (1)

1

Austria ID

2

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (1)

1

A9-0160/2022 - Mohammed Chahim - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 47 #

2022/06/22 Outcome: +: 464, -: 150, 0: 8
DE ES FR RO PT NL SE DK AT IE BG BE EL LT SI FI CY HR LU SK LV MT EE PL HU CZ IT
Total
91
49
71
28
20
28
20
13
17
12
13
21
16
9
7
12
6
11
6
10
7
5
6
47
12
18
67
icon: PPE PPE
160

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Finland PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2
3

Latvia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Hungary PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
126

Bulgaria S&D

2

Greece S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
97
3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Greece Renew

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Slovenia Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

2

Poland Renew

1

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

Against (1)

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
67

Spain Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3
icon: The Left The Left
34

Portugal The Left

4

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
28

Germany NI

Against (1)

2