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Events

2022/06/22
   EP - Text adopted by Parliament, partial vote at 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2022/06/22
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Documents
2022/06/08
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
2022/06/07
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2022/05/24
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2022/05/24
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Documents
2022/05/17
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2022/04/28
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2022/04/21
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/04/20
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/04/06
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/03/28
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2022/03/16
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/02/15
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/02/15
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/02/15
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2022/01/24
   EP - INCIR Evin (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2022/01/12
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2021/12/21
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2021/12/08
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2021/12/02
   PL_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/25
   EP - FERNANDES José Manuel (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2021/11/25
   EP - HAYER Valérie (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2021/11/11
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2021/11/10
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2021/10/01
   EP - KLOC Izabela-Helena (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2021/09/17
   EP - KUŹMIUK Zbigniew (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2021/09/16
   EP - CHAHIM Mohammed (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2021/09/13
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2021/09/01
   EP - CARÊME Damien (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/15
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2021/07/14
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to establish a new border carbon adjustment mechanism to prevent the risk of carbon leakage and support the EU's increased ambition on climate change mitigation.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: as long as significant numbers of the EU’s international partners have policy approaches that do not result in the same level of climate ambition as the Union, and differences in the price applied to GHG emissions remain, there is a risk of carbon leakage. Carbon leakage occurs if, for reasons of differing ambitions related to climate policies, businesses in certain industry sectors or subsectors were to transfer production to other countries with less stringent emission constraints or imports from these countries would replace equivalent but less GHG emissions intensive products due to the difference in climate policy.

That would risk undermining the effectiveness of the EU’s emission mitigation policies and could also lead to an increase in their total emissions globally, thus jeopardising the reduction of GHG emissions that is urgently needed if the world is to keep the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels.

Considering these problems, it is necessary to address the problem of reducing GHG emissions in the EU, while at the same avoiding that these emissions reduction efforts are offset globally by emissions increase outside the EU. In this context, a carbon border adjustment mechanism (CBAM) is proposed with the overarching objective of addressing the risk of carbon leakage in order to fight climate change.

The European Green Deal launched a new growth strategy for the EU that aims to transform the EU into a fair and prosperous society, with a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy. The ‘ European Climate Law ’ has made the EU's climate neutrality target by 2050 legally binding.

The Commission has presented a complementary and interconnected set of proposals as part of the 2030 Climate and Energy ‘Fit for 55’ package to achieve the greenhouse gas emission reduction target of at least 55% compared to 1990 . This ‘Fit for 55’ legislative package is the most comprehensive building block in the efforts to implement the ambitious new 2030 climate target, and all economic sectors and policies will need to make their contribution.

CONTENT: the proposed regulation aims to establish a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) to take into account the greenhouse gas emissions embedded in goods with a high risk of carbon leakage, including iron and steel, cement, fertilisers, aluminium and electricity generation , when imported into the customs territory of the EU.

The CBAM is intended to impose a charge on imports which corresponds with the charges imposed on EU domestic industry under the EU ETS. The scheme would start in 2023 with a transition period until 2025, when importers will be subject to significant reporting obligations. It will be phased in gradually.

A reporting system will apply as from 2023 for those products with the objective of facilitating a smooth roll out and to facilitate dialogue with third countries, and importers will start paying a financial adjustment in 2026.

The CBAM will mirror the ETS in the sense that the system is based on the purchase of certificates by importers . I porters of the goods will have to, either individually or through a representative, register with national authorities where they can also buy CBAM certificates.

Once the definitive system becomes fully operational in 2026 , EU importers will have to declare annually, by 31 May of each year, the quantity of goods and the amount of embedded emissions in the total goods they imported into the EU in the preceding year, and surrender the corresponding amount of CBAM certificates.

Budgetary implications

In order to finance the mechanism, the Commission will be able to borrow up to EUR 750 billion on financial markets. In that context, the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission agreed that the Institutions will work towards introducing sufficient new own resources with a view to covering an amount corresponding to the expected expenditure related to the repayment of NextGenerationEU. The Commission committed to put forward proposals on new own resources, which would include the CBAM in the first semester of 2021.

Documents

Votes

Mécanisme d'ajustement carbone aux frontières - Carbon border adjustment mechanism - CO2-Grenzausgleichssystem - A9-0160/2022 - Mohammed Chahim - Proposition de rejet de la proposition de la Commission - Am 220 #

2022/06/22 Outcome: -: 506, +: 69, 0: 48
PL EE HR LV MT CY LU SI FI LT SK BG CZ EL HU IE AT DK BE SE NL PT RO IT ES FR DE
Total
48
6
11
7
5
6
6
7
12
9
12
13
17
14
12
12
17
13
21
20
28
20
29
67
51
69
91
icon: ECR ECR
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1

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2

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1

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1
icon: ID ID
54

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2

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1

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1
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27

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2

Greece NI

1

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2
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Cyprus The Left

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4

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4
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A9-0160/2022 - Mohammed Chahim - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 14 #

2022/06/22 Outcome: +: 544, -: 78, 0: 5
FR IT PL ES DE RO NL PT EL BG HU BE HR CZ IE SE SK LV AT SI DK LU LT MT CY EE FI
Total
70
69
48
51
90
29
28
20
16
13
12
21
11
18
12
20
12
7
17
7
13
6
9
5
5
6
12
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159

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1
3

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1

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A9-0160/2022 - Mohammed Chahim - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 20 #

2022/06/22 Outcome: +: 490, -: 129, 0: 4
DE ES FR RO PT SE NL DK AT IE BG EL IT BE FI SI LT CZ CY HR LU SK MT LV EE PL HU
Total
90
50
71
28
20
20
27
13
17
12
13
16
68
21
12
7
8
18
6
11
6
12
5
6
6
48
12
icon: PPE PPE
158

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1

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2
2

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2
3

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1

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1

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1
icon: S&D S&D
127

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icon: Renew Renew
96
3

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3

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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
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icon: ECR ECR
55

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A9-0160/2022 - Mohammed Chahim - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 24/2 #

2022/06/22 Outcome: +: 477, -: 140, 0: 9
DE ES FR RO PT NL SE DK AT IE IT BG EL BE LT FI SI CY HR LU SK MT EE LV PL HU CZ
Total
91
50
71
29
20
28
20
13
17
12
69
12
16
21
9
11
7
6
11
6
12
5
6
7
47
12
18
icon: PPE PPE
161

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Finland PPE

2
2

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2
3

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1

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1

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1
icon: S&D S&D
127

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2

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1

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icon: Renew Renew
97
3

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2

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1

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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
66

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1

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3

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3

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2

A9-0160/2022 - Mohammed Chahim - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 25S #

2022/06/22 Outcome: +: 479, -: 134, 0: 10
DE ES FR RO SE PT NL EL IE AT BG DK IT SK BE LT FI SI CY HR LU MT EE LV PL HU CZ
Total
89
49
70
27
20
20
28
17
12
16
13
13
69
12
21
9
12
7
6
11
6
5
6
7
48
12
18
icon: PPE PPE
157

Denmark PPE

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1
3

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2
2

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2

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1

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1

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1

Hungary PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
126

Greece S&D

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1

Bulgaria S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

2

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2

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2

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icon: Renew Renew
97
3

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1

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1

Italy Renew

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1

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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
67

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1

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3

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1

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3

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3

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56

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A9-0160/2022 - Mohammed Chahim - Amendements de la commission compétente - vote séparé - Am 47 #

2022/06/22 Outcome: +: 464, -: 150, 0: 8
DE ES FR RO PT NL SE DK AT IE BG BE EL LT SI FI CY HR LU SK LV MT EE PL HU CZ IT
Total
91
49
71
28
20
28
20
13
17
12
13
21
16
9
7
12
6
11
6
10
7
5
6
47
12
18
67
icon: PPE PPE
160

Denmark PPE

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1

Finland PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2
3

Latvia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Hungary PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
126

Bulgaria S&D

2

Greece S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

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1

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1

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2

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1
icon: Renew Renew
97
3

Austria Renew

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1

Ireland Renew

2

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1

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1

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1

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2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

2

Poland Renew

1

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

Against (1)

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
67

Spain Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3
icon: The Left The Left
34

Portugal The Left

4

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
28

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

1

Latvia NI

1
icon: ECR ECR
54

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Spain ECR