BETA


Events

2022/02/17
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 568 votes to 42, with 82 abstentions, a recommendation to the Council and the Vice-President of the Commission/High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy on corruption and human rights.

Members recalled that corruption is a crime listed in Article 83(1) TFEU, which requires a common definition and approach due to its seriousness and cross-border dimension. The fight against corruption requires international cooperation and is an integral part of international commitments to uphold human rights.

Towards a comprehensive EU anti-corruption strategy

Parliament recommended adopting a human rights-based approach in the fight against corruption, with victims of corruption placed at its core, and place the fight against corruption at the front and centre of all EU efforts and policies promoting human rights, democracy and the rule of law around the world.

Members believe that corruption must be recognised as a global phenomenon, requiring anti-corruption institutions, effective prevention mechanisms and an international regulatory framework, as well as mechanisms for asset recovery and criminal prosecution within the EU. They called for work to be launched on an internationally agreed definition of corruption .

Stressing that transparency is the cornerstone of any anti-corruption strategy, Members therefore called for the abolition of excessive rules on professional secrecy in relevant sectors, in particular the financial sector, for the automatic exchange of information on tax fraud and evasion and for multinationals and public registers of beneficial owners to be encouraged to publish country-by-country information. Members recommended adopting a zero tolerance policy towards tax havens.

Coherence between internal and external policies

Parliament called for the credibility of the EU's external anti-corruption action to be strengthened by combating corruption, tax evasion, illicit trade, banking secrecy and money laundering more effectively within the EU. It recommended implementing and enforcing existing national and international anti-corruption instruments and strengthening the integration of the rights-based anti-corruption dimension in the EU's external action instruments.

Members called for ensuring that the highest ethical and transparency standards are applied in EU funding , including the financing of projects and loans by the EIB. They recommended prioritising the fight against corruption in pre-accession negotiations and criteria and including a strong and mandatory human rights conditionality framework with binding and enforceable human rights and anti-corruption clauses in all trade and investment agreements between the EU and third countries.

Criminal sanctions

Parliament recommended that the Council request the Commission to strengthen the EU anti-corruption framework and to present an EU directive on the subject on the basis of Article 83 TFEU, establishing common EU rules for criminal sanctions for corruption at EU level.

Members called for progress in efforts in all EU Member States to freeze and confiscate stolen assets and the proceeds of corruption on their territory, and to return them to the country of origin in a transparent and accountable manner. They suggested devising a set of appropriate actions (sanctions, civil and criminal confiscation of assets, criminal prosecution, asset return mechanisms) that ultimately lead to a repurposing of stolen assets to benefit victims of corruption. They called for common rules at EU level for the return of stolen assets.

Interference in democratic processes

Parliament recommended:

- closely monitoring foreign interference and establishing European funding rules for political parties and foundations, NGOs and the media and ensuring their strict application, especially when funds come from non-democratic countries and non-state actors, with a view to preventing elite capture and malign interference in the democratic processes and public affairs of the EU and partner countries;

- promoting dedicated programmes on political party financing and campaign spending as part of the EU’s external democracy support to their countries;

- continuing to support free and fair electoral processes and promote accountability to voters, with particular attention to electoral fraud and vote buying.

A safe environment for those committed to preventing and fighting corruption

Parliament called for the development of programmes to provide increased financial support to civil society organisations, independent media, whistleblowers, investigative journalists and human rights defenders working to prevent and expose corruption and advance transparency and accountability, including support against strategic lawsuits against public participation (SLAPP suits).

Trade relations

Members called for: (i) the urgent introduction of binding EU legislation on human rights and environmental due diligence , imposed on all entities and business relationships throughout a company's value chain and; (ii) the development of an action plan to strengthen human rights due diligence in sectors such as finance, accounting or real estate, which often foster global corruption.

They also called for: (i) anti-corruption measures to be integrated into global anti-COVID actions; (ii) the recognition of the link between environmental degradation and destruction, which impedes the enjoyment of human rights, and underground networks of corruption and organised crime; and (iii) account to be taken of the fact that corruption exacerbates gender inequalities.

Documents
2022/02/15
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2022/02/02
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Katalin CSEH (Renew, HU) on a European Parliament recommendation to the Council and the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy concerning corruption and human rights.

The report highlighted that corruption facilitates, perpetuates and institutionalises human rights violations. It is a crime which requires a common definition and approach due to its seriousness and cross-border dimension.

Towards a comprehensive EU anti-corruption strategy

Members acknowledged the linkage between corruption and human rights and that corruption is an enormous obstacle to the enjoyment of all human rights. They recommended adopting a human rights-based approach in the fight against corruption, with victims of corruption placed at its core, and place the fight against corruption at the front and centre of all EU efforts and policies promoting human rights, democracy and the rule of law around the world.

Members believe that corruption must be recognised as a global phenomenon, requiring anti-corruption institutions, effective prevention mechanisms and an international regulatory framework, as well as mechanisms for asset recovery and criminal prosecution within the EU. They called for work to be launched on an internationally agreed definition of corruption .

Stressing that transparency is the cornerstone of any anti-corruption strategy, Members therefore called for the abolition of excessive rules on professional secrecy in relevant sectors, in particular the financial sector, for the automatic exchange of information on tax fraud and evasion and for multinationals and public registers of beneficial owners to be encouraged to publish country-by-country information. Members recommended adopting a zero tolerance policy towards tax havens.

The report recommended enhancing the Parliament’s role in the scrutiny of anti-corruption efforts.

Coherence between internal and external policies

Members called for the credibility of the EU's external anti-corruption action to be strengthened by combating corruption, tax evasion, illicit trade, banking secrecy and money laundering more effectively within the EU. They also recommended:

- implementing and enforcing existing national and international anti-corruption instruments and strengthening the integration of the rights-based anti-corruption dimension in the EU's external action instruments;

- ensuring accountability for the perpetrators of grand corruption schemes;

- adopting common standards on transparency, control and investment oversight for reducing corruption and money laundering risks posed by so-called golden visa programmes.

Members called for ensuring that the highest ethical and transparency standards are applied in EU funding , including the financing of projects and loans by the EIB. They recommended prioritising the fight against corruption in pre-accession negotiations and criteria and including a strong and mandatory human rights conditionality framework with binding and enforceable human rights and anti-corruption clauses in all trade and investment agreements between the EU and third countries.

Criminal sanctions

The report recommended that the Council request the Commission to strengthen the EU anti-corruption framework and to present an EU directive on the subject on the basis of Article 83 TFEU, establishing common EU rules for criminal sanctions for corruption at EU level.

Members called for progress in efforts in all EU Member States to freeze and confiscate stolen assets and the proceeds of corruption on their territory, and to return them to the country of origin in a transparent and accountable manner. They suggested devising a set of appropriate actions (sanctions, civil and criminal confiscation of assets, criminal prosecution, asset return mechanisms) that ultimately lead to a repurposing of stolen assets to benefit victims of corruption. They called for common rules at EU level for the return of stolen assets.

Interference in democratic processes

The report recommended closely monitoring foreign interference and establishing European funding rules for political parties and foundations, NGOs and the media and ensuring their strict application, especially when funds come from non-democratic countries and non-state actors, with a view to preventing elite capture and malign interference in the democratic processes and public affairs of the EU and partner countries. It suggested continuing support regarding free and fair electoral processes.

A safe environment for those committed to preventing and fighting corruption

Members called for the development of programmes to provide increased financial support to civil society organisations, independent media, whistleblowers, investigative journalists and human rights defenders working to prevent and expose corruption and advance transparency and accountability, including support against strategic lawsuits against public participation (SLAPP suits).

Trade relations

Members called for: (i) the urgent introduction of binding EU legislation on human rights and environmental due diligence , imposed on all entities and business relationships throughout a company's value chain and; (ii) the development of an action plan to strengthen human rights due diligence in sectors such as finance, accounting or real estate, which often foster global corruption.

Documents
2022/01/25
   EP - Vote in committee
2021/09/27
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/08/13
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2021/05/20
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2021/03/04
   EP - CSEH Katalin (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in AFET

Documents

Activities

Votes

Corruption et droits de l'homme - Corruption and human rights - Korruption und Menschenrechte - A9-0012/2022 - Katalin Cseh - § 1, point h/1 #

2022/02/16 Outcome: +: 634, 0: 55, -: 7
DE IT ES FR PL RO NL PT CZ SE BE BG HU AT EL FI IE DK HR SK LT SI LV CY LU EE MT
Total
96
76
59
79
51
33
29
21
21
21
20
17
17
19
21
14
13
14
12
13
11
8
7
6
6
7
5
icon: PPE PPE
175

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
142

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

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1

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2
4
icon: Renew Renew
101

Italy Renew

3

Poland Renew

1
3

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

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1

Finland Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

Croatia Renew

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1

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1

Slovenia Renew

2

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1

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3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Spain Verts/ALE

3

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1

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3

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1

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3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

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2

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3

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3

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2

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1
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64

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1

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1
3

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1

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1

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1

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A9-0012/2022 - Katalin Cseh - § 1, point h/2 #

2022/02/16 Outcome: +: 376, -: 252, 0: 68
FR ES DE IT NL DK CZ FI BE SE PT IE EE RO LU MT CY EL SK LT HR SI HU BG AT LV PL
Total
79
59
96
76
29
14
21
14
20
21
21
13
7
33
6
5
6
21
13
11
12
8
17
17
19
7
51
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142

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

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2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
4

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2

Greece S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
101

Italy Renew

3

Finland Renew

3
3

Ireland Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Poland Renew

1
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72

Spain Verts/ALE

3

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3

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1

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1
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39

Netherlands The Left

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1

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4

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2
icon: NI NI
38

Germany NI

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3

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2

Lithuania NI

1

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2
icon: ID ID
65

Netherlands ID

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1

Denmark ID

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1

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2

Finland ID

2

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1

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3
icon: ECR ECR
64

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

5
3

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

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1

Croatia ECR

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1

Bulgaria ECR

2

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2
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175

Denmark PPE

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1

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3

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4

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1

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2

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1

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2

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4

Latvia PPE

2

A9-0012/2022 - Katalin Cseh - § 1, après le point h - Am 1 #

2022/02/16 Outcome: -: 538, 0: 82, +: 65
PL LV MT HU CY LU EE LT SI BE HR SK FI CZ BG IE DK AT EL SE NL PT IT RO ES FR DE
Total
50
7
5
8
6
6
7
10
8
20
12
13
14
21
17
13
14
19
21
21
29
21
76
33
59
79
96
icon: ECR ECR
64

Latvia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1
3

Romania ECR

1

Germany ECR

1
icon: NI NI
28

Hungary NI

1

Croatia NI

2

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Germany NI

For (1)

3
icon: ID ID
65

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
39

Cyprus The Left

2

Belgium The Left

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1

Finland The Left

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1

Czechia The Left

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1

Ireland The Left

4

Denmark The Left

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1

Sweden The Left

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1

Netherlands The Left

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Poland Verts/ALE

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1

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1

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2

Belgium Verts/ALE

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2

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3

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3

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2

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2

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3

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3

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3

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Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
101

Poland Renew

1

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Sweden Renew

3

Italy Renew

3
icon: S&D S&D
142

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

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1

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2

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2

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2

Belgium S&D

3

Slovakia S&D

2

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2

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1

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2
icon: PPE PPE
174

Latvia PPE

2

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1

Cyprus PPE

2

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2

Estonia PPE

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1

Slovenia PPE

Abstain (1)

4

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4

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For (1)

4

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0012/2022 - Katalin Cseh - § 1, point j/1 #

2022/02/16 Outcome: +: 627, -: 44, 0: 25
DE IT ES PL RO FR NL PT BE CZ SE BG EL AT DK FI IE HR SK LT SI LV CY LU EE MT HU
Total
96
76
59
51
33
79
29
21
20
21
21
17
21
19
14
14
13
12
13
11
8
7
6
6
7
5
17
icon: PPE PPE
175

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
142

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
101

Italy Renew

3

Poland Renew

1
3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
64

Germany ECR

1

Romania ECR

1
3

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2
icon: The Left The Left
39

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Ireland The Left

Abstain (2)

4

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
38

Croatia NI

2

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1
icon: ID ID
65

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (1)

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2

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

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1

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

A9-0012/2022 - Katalin Cseh - § 1, point j/2 #

2022/02/16 Outcome: +: 430, -: 206, 0: 60
IT FR PL ES PT DE NL SE DK BE RO FI BG SK LV MT HR LT EL LU EE IE CZ SI CY HU AT
Total
76
79
51
59
21
96
29
21
14
20
33
14
17
13
7
5
12
11
21
6
7
13
21
8
6
17
19
icon: S&D S&D
142

Slovakia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
101

Italy Renew

3

Poland Renew

1
3

Finland Renew

3

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

Against (1)

3

Ireland Renew

2

Slovenia Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3
icon: ECR ECR
64

Germany ECR

1

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
39

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Finland The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Ireland The Left

For (1)

4

Czechia The Left

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: NI NI
38

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

3

Slovakia NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Croatia NI

2

Lithuania NI

1
icon: ID ID
65

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Austria ID

3
icon: PPE PPE
175

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia PPE

4

Cyprus PPE

2

A9-0012/2022 - Katalin Cseh - § 1, point j/3 #

2022/02/16 Outcome: +: 654, 0: 30, -: 12
DE IT ES FR PL RO NL SE PT BE AT CZ EL BG HU FI DK IE SK HR LT SI LV EE CY LU MT
Total
96
76
59
79
51
33
29
21
21
20
19
21
21
17
17
14
14
13
13
12
11
8
7
7
6
6
5
icon: PPE PPE
175

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Malta PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
142

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
101

Italy Renew

3

Poland Renew

1
3

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
64

Germany ECR

1

Romania ECR

1