BETA


2021/2594(RSP) Resolution on the adequate protection of personal data by the United Kingdom

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead LIBE LÓPEZ AGUILAR Juan Fernando (icon: S&D S&D) VANDENKENDELAERE Tom (icon: EPP EPP), KALJURAND Marina (icon: S&D S&D), KÖRNER Moritz (icon: Renew Renew), DELBOS-CORFIELD Gwendoline (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), KANKO Assita (icon: ECR ECR), ERNST Cornelia (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 132-p2

Events

2021/11/09
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2021/05/21
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 344 votes to 311, with 28 abstentions, a resolution on the adequate protection of personal data by the United Kingdom.

The UK has always been an important trading partner for many EU Member States and a close security ally. Members believe that the EU and the UK should continue this close cooperation despite the UK's withdrawal from the EU.

An adequacy decision concerning the UK under the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is therefore of the utmost importance. Failure to adopt a robust adequacy framework could lead to disruptions in cross-border trade transfers of personal data between the EU and the UK and high compliance costs.

Background

The Trade and Cooperation Agreement with the UK contains a number of safeguards and conditions for exchanging relevant law enforcement personal data. However, negotiations on personal data flows were conducted in parallel with the negotiations on the agreement but could not be finalised before the end of the transition period on 31 December 2020.

A 'bridging clause' was included in the agreement as an interim solution, subject to the UK's commitment not to change its current data protection regime, in order to ensure the continuity of personal data flows between the UK and the EU until an adequacy decision is adopted. The initial four-month period has been extended to the end of June 2021.

Members recalled that the assessment carried out by the Commission before presenting its draft implementing decision was not complete and did not fully comply with the Court of Justice's requirements for an adequacy assessment.

In its opinions on adequacy, the European Data Protection Committee recommended that the Commission further assess specific aspects of UK law and practice relating to bulk collection, overseas disclosure and international agreements in the field of intelligence sharing, the subsequent use of collected information for law enforcement purposes and the independence of judicial commissioners.

Certain aspects of UK legislation or practice have not been taken into account by the Commission, resulting in draft implementing decisions that do not comply with EU law.

Application of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

As the UK is a signatory to the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and the Council of Europe Convention for the Protection of Individuals with regard to Automatic Processing of Personal Data, Parliament expects the UK to ensure the same minimum data protection framework, despite having left the EU.

Parliament expressed its concern about the UK's inadequate or often non-existent implementation of the GDPR while it was still a member of the EU. It raised a number of concerns about the following issues:

- UK data protection legislation provides for a derogation from certain aspects of the fundamental principles and rights of data protection, such as the right of access and the right of any data subject to know with whom his or her data has been shared, where such protection would ‘prejudice effective immigration control’;

- the draft adequacy decisions do not take into account the lack of limitations on the use of the UK's bulk data powers, nor the actual use of UK and US surveillance operations revealed by Edward Snowden;

- the UK's rules on sharing personal data under the Digital Economy Act 2017 and on onward transfers of research data are clearly not 'essentially equivalent' to the rules set out in the GDPR, as interpreted by the Court of Justice;

- the UK-US Cross-Border Data Access Agreement under the US CLOUD Act will facilitate transfers for law enforcement purposes and allow US authorities undue access to the personal data of EU citizens and residents;

- the Investigatory Powers Act 2016 makes interception subject to judicial review and allows individuals to access their data and bring complaints to the UK Investigatory Powers Tribunal. However, the IPA 2016 continues to allow the practice of bulk data retention;

- in January 2021, 400 000 criminal records were reportedly accidentally deleted from the UK police national computer, which does not inspire trust in the UK's efforts to ensure the protection of data used for law enforcement purposes.

Conclusions

Parliament called on the Commission to assure EU businesses that the adequacy decision will provide a sound, sufficient and forward-oriented legal basis for data transfers. The adequacy decision should be deemed acceptable if reviewed by the European Court of Justice and should take into account all the recommendations made in the opinion of the European Data Protection Committee.

Members opposed the two implementing acts adopted by the Commission as the draft implementing decisions do not comply with EU law. The Commission is asked to amend the two draft implementing decisions to bring them fully into line with EU law and case law.

The Commission and the competent authorities of the United Kingdom are invited to put in place an action plan to remedy the shortcomings identified in the opinions of the European Data Protection Committee as soon as possible. The Commission is invited to inform and consult the Parliament on any future changes to the UK data protection regime and to provide for a scrutiny role for the Parliament in the new institutional framework.

Documents
2021/05/20
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2021/05/20
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2021/05/17
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2021/05/17
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2021/04/26
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2021/03/09
   EP - LÓPEZ AGUILAR Juan Fernando (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE

Documents

Votes

La protection appropriée des données à caractère personnel par le Royaume-Uni - The adequate protection of personal data by the United Kingdom - Der angemessene Schutz personenbezogener Daten vonseiten des Vereinigten Königreichs - B9-0268/2021 - Proposition de résolution #

2021/05/20 Outcome: -: 350, +: 335, 0: 8
PL CZ IT HU BG IE SK LT HR EE EL BE LV SI MT CY LU NL RO SE FI AT DK PT DE FR ES
Total
52
21
72
20
17
13
14
11
12
7
20
21
8
8
6
6
6
29
33
20
14
18
13
21
94
78
59
icon: PPE PPE
176

Hungary PPE

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
70

Czechia ID

2

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Bulgaria ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Romania ECR

1
icon: NI NI
36

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Netherlands NI

1

Germany NI

3
icon: The Left The Left
37

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Ireland The Left

For (1)

4

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4
4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
72

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

Against (2)

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (2)

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
98

Italy Renew

Against (2)

2

Hungary Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

Against (1)

3

Belgium Renew

Abstain (1)

4

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3

Finland Renew

3

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
143

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

3

Lithuania S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Greece S&D

2

Belgium S&D

3

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1
6

Finland S&D

2

La protection appropriée des données à caractère personnel par le Royaume-Uni - The adequate protection of personal data by the United Kingdom - Der angemessene Schutz personenbezogener Daten vonseiten des Vereinigten Königreichs - B9-0272/2021 - Am 10 #

2021/05/20 Outcome: -: 353, +: 334, 0: 7
PL IT CZ HU IE EL BG LT AT EE SK LV HR SI BE MT CY LU RO SE FI NL PT DK DE FR ES
Total
52
74
21
19
13
20
17
11
19
7
14
8
12
8
21
6
6
6
33
20
14
28
21
13
94
78
59
icon: PPE PPE
175

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
72

Czechia ID

2
3

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Romania ECR

1
icon: NI NI
36

Lithuania NI

1

Slovakia NI

2

Croatia NI

2

Netherlands NI

1

Germany NI

3
icon: The Left The Left
37

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Ireland The Left

For (1)

4

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4
4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

Against (2)

2

Hungary Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

Against (1)

3

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3

Finland Renew

3
icon: S&D S&D
143

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

3

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Belgium S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Finland S&D

2

B9-0272/2021 - Am 11 #

2021/05/20 Outcome: -: 369, +: 322, 0: 3
PL IT HU IE BG SK LT CZ EL LV HR SI BE MT CY LU EE SE FI RO AT PT NL DK DE FR ES
Total
52
74
19
13
17
14
11
21
20
8
12
8
21
6
6
6
7
20
14
33
19
21
28
13
94
78
59
icon: PPE PPE
175

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
72

Czechia ID

2

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Austria ID

3

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Bulgaria ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Greece ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
36

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2

Netherlands NI

1

Germany NI

3
icon: The Left The Left
37

Ireland The Left

For (1)

4

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1
4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

Against (2)

2

Hungary Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Sweden Renew

3

Finland Renew

3

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
143

Slovakia S&D

3

Lithuania S&D

2

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1

Greece S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Belgium S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

B9-0272/2021 - Am 12 #

2021/05/20 Outcome: -: 351, +: 338, 0: 5
PL IT CZ HU SK IE EL BG LT AT EE LV HR SI MT BE SE CY LU RO FI NL PT DK DE FR ES
Total
52
74
21
19
14
13
20
17
11
19
7
8
12
8
6
21
20
6
6
33
14
28
21
13
94
78
59
icon: PPE PPE
175

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
72

Czechia ID

2
3

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Romania ECR

1
icon: NI NI
36

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2

Netherlands NI

1

Germany NI

3
icon: The Left The Left
37

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Ireland The Left

For (1)

4

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4
4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

Against (2)

2

Hungary Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

3

Ireland Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

Against (1)

3

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Sweden Renew

For (1)

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Finland Renew

3
icon: S&D S&D
143

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

3

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2
4

Belgium S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Finland S&D

2

B9-0272/2021 - Am 13 #

2021/05/20 Outcome: -: 345, +: 339, 0: 10
PL IT CZ HU SK EL BG SE LT AT EE IE LV HR SI BE FI MT CY LU RO DK NL PT DE FR ES
Total
52
74
21
19
14
20
17
20
11
19
7
13
8
12
8
21
14
6
6
6
33
13
28
21
94
78
59
icon: PPE PPE
175

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
72

Czechia ID

2
3

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Romania ECR

1
icon: NI NI
36

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

2

Netherlands NI

1

Germany NI

3
icon: The Left The Left
37

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Ireland The Left

4

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4
4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

Against (2)

2

Hungary Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Sweden Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

Against (1)

3

Ireland Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2
icon: S&D S&D
143

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

3

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Belgium S&D

3

Finland S&D

Against (1)

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

B9-0272/2021 - Am 14 #

2021/05/20 Outcome: -: 349, +: 335, 0: 10
PL IT CZ HU DK BG SK EE IE EL LV HR SI BE LT MT NL CY LU SE FI RO AT PT DE FR ES
Total
52
74
21
19
13
17
14
7
13
20
8
12
8
21
11
6
28
6
6
20
14
33
19
21
94
78
59
icon: PPE PPE
175

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2
2

Luxembourg PPE

2
icon: ID ID
72

Czechia ID

2

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Netherlands ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

2

Austria ID

3
icon: ECR ECR
61

Bulgaria ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

1

Latvia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Romania ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
36

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia NI

2

Lithuania NI

Against (1)

1

Netherlands NI

1

Germany NI

3
icon: The Left The Left
37

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Ireland The Left

4

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4
4
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

Against (2)

2

Hungary Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

3

Estonia Renew

Against (1)

3

Ireland Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

2

Sweden Renew

Against (3)