BETA


2023/0079(COD) Framework for ensuring a secure and sustainable supply of critical raw materials

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ITRE BEER Nicola (icon: Renew Renew) BENTELE Hildegard (icon: EPP EPP), CHAHIM Mohammed (icon: S&D S&D), HAHN Henrike (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), DAUCHY Marie (icon: ID ID), KLOC Izabela-Helena (icon: ECR ECR), ERNST Cornelia (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion AFET LEXMANN Miriam (icon: EPP EPP) Maria ARENA (icon: S&D S&D), Anna FOTYGA (icon: ECR ECR), Jordi SOLÉ (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Dragoş TUDORACHE (icon: RE RE), Idoia VILLANUEVA RUIZ (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion DEVE
Committee Opinion INTA ASIMAKOPOULOU Anna-Michelle (icon: EPP EPP) Helmut SCHOLZ (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Anna CAVAZZINI (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Marie-Pierre VEDRENNE (icon: RE RE), Marek BELKA (icon: S&D S&D), Geert BOURGEOIS (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion BUDG
Committee Opinion ECON POLFJÄRD Jessica (icon: EPP EPP) José GUSMÃO (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Henrike HAHN (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Eugen JURZYCA (icon: ECR ECR), Engin EROGLU (icon: RE RE), Niels FUGLSANG (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion ENVI POLFJÄRD Jessica (icon: EPP EPP) Malin BJÖRK (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Karin KARLSBRO (icon: RE RE), Andrey SLABAKOV (icon: ECR ECR), Sara MATTHIEU (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Achille VARIATI (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion IMCO
Committee Opinion REGI BOGOVIČ Franc (icon: EPP EPP) Martina MICHELS (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Ana MIRANDA (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Susana SOLÍS PÉREZ (icon: RE RE), Alessandro PANZA (icon: ID ID), Erik BERGKVIST (icon: S&D S&D), Andżelika Anna MOŻDŻANOWSKA (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion JURI
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 57, TFEU 114

Events

2024/05/03
   Final act published in Official Journal
2024/04/11
   CSL - Final act signed
2024/04/10
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2024/03/22
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2024/03/20
   FR_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2024/03/18
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2024/03/18
   CSL - Council Meeting
2023/12/12
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2023/12/12
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2023/12/12
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 549 votes to 43, with 24 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for ensuring a secure and sustainable supply of critical raw materials and amending Regulations (EU) 168/2013, (EU) 2018/858, 2018/1724 and (EU) 2019/1020.

The European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amends the Commission's proposal as follows:

Objective

The general objective of this Regulation is to improve the functioning of the internal market by establishing a framework to ensure the Union's access to a secure, resilient and sustainable supply of critical raw materials , including by fostering efficiency and circularity throughout the value chain.

To achieve the general objective, this Regulation lays down measures aimed at lowering the risk of supply disruptions related to critical raw materials likely to distort competition and fragment the internal market, in particular: (i) by identifying and supporting strategic projects that contribute to lowering dependencies and diversifying imports and; (ii) by undertaking efforts to incentivise technological progress and resource efficiency in order to moderate the expected increase in Union consumption of critical raw materials; (ii) by improving the Union's ability to monitor and mitigate the supply risk related to critical raw materials.

List of strategic raw materials

The list includes 34 critical raw materials and 17 strategic raw materials listed in Annexes I and II of the Regulation. These lists include bauxite/alumina/aluminium, cobalt, copper, lithium, manganese, graphite and battery-grade nickel, rare earths for the production of magnets, silicon and titanium metal and tungsten.

The Commission will review and, if necessary, update the list of strategic raw materials three years after the date of entry into force of the Regulation and every three years thereafter.

Strategic projects - benchmarks

The Commission and Member States should strengthen the different stages of the value chain of strategic raw materials through the measures in order to ensure that, by 2030 , Union capacities for each strategic raw material have significantly increased so that, overall, Union capacity approaches or reaches the following benchmarks:

- Union extraction capacity is able to extract the ores, minerals or concentrates needed to produce at least 10% of the Union's annual consumption of strategic raw materials, to the extent that the Union’s reserves allow for this;

- Union processing capacity , including for all intermediate processing steps, is able to produce at least 40% of the Union's annual consumption of strategic raw materials;

- Union recycling capacity , including for all intermediate recycling steps, is able to produce at least 25% of the Union's annual consumption of strategic raw materials and is able to recycle significantly increasing amounts of each strategic raw material in waste.

The aim is also to diversify the Union's imports of strategic raw materials with a view to ensure that, by 2030, the Union's annual consumption of each strategic raw material at any relevant stage of processing can rely on imports from several third countries, none of which provide more than 65% of the Union's annual consumption.

Points of single contact

In order to reduce complexity and increase efficiency and transparency in permitting process, project promoters of critical raw materials projects should be able to interact with a point of single contact, which is responsible for facilitating and coordinating the entire permit granting process . To that end, Member States should set up or designate one or more points of single contact, while ensuring that project promoters should interact only with one point of single contact.

Priority status of the strategic projects

Strategic projects should contribute to the Union's security of supply of strategic raw materials. The Commission should, where appropriate in cooperation with the Member States, undertake activities to accelerate and attract private investment in strategic projects.

Permit granting process

The amended text provides for a rapid and simplified permit grating procedure for strategic extractive projects, which will be managed by a single national contact point. For strategic projects in the EU, the permit granting procedure should not exceed: (i) 27 months for strategic projects in the extractive sector and (ii) 15 months for strategic projects relating solely to processing or recycling. Members also stressed the need to cut red tape, particularly for small and medium-sized enterprises.

Strategic partnerships with third countries

Members also highlighted the importance of strategic partnerships between the EU and third countries on critical raw materials, in order to diversify the EU’s supply, with benefits for all sides . They called for the EU's strategic partnerships to contribute to: (i) improving the EU's security of supply; (ii) improving cooperation along the critical raw materials value chain between the EU and partner countries; (iii) the economic and social development of partner countries, in particular by promoting sustainable and circular economy practices, decent working conditions and respect for human rights along their raw materials value chains.

Company risk preparedness

Large companies exposed to shortages of strategic raw materials in strategic technologies (i.e. companies that manufacture batteries for energy storage and electromobility, equipment for the production and use of hydrogen, equipment for the production of electricity from renewable energy sources, aircraft, heat pumps, mobile electronic devices, robotics, drones, satellites and advanced chips and for data transmission and storage), should carry out a risk assessment of their strategic raw materials supply chain at least every three years, which they should to their Board of Directors.

If significant vulnerabilities to supply disruptions are detected as a result of the risk assessment, companies should take efforts to mitigate these vulnerabilities.

Documents
2023/12/07
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
Documents
2023/11/29
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2023/11/29
   EP - Text agreed during interinstitutional negotiations
Documents
2023/09/29
   RO_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2023/09/14
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 515 votes to 34, with 28 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for ensuring a secure and sustainable supply of critical raw materials and amending Regulations (EU) 168/2013, (EU) 2018/858, 2018/1724 and (EU) 2019/1020.

The matter was referred back to the committee responsible for inter-institutional negotiations.

Objectives

The general objective of this Regulation is to improve the functioning of the internal market by establishing a framework to ensure the internationally competitive, secure, resilient and sustainable supply of critical raw materials of the Union, including by fostering sustainability, efficiency and circularity throughout the value chain.

To achieve the general objective, this Regulation aims to strengthen the different stages of the strategic raw materials value chain with the aim to ensure that, by 2030, Union capacities for each strategic raw material have significantly increased so that, overall, Union capacity approaches or reaches the following benchmarks:

- Union extraction capacity is able to extract the ores, minerals or concentrates needed to produce at least 10% of the Union's annual consumption of strategic raw materials, to the extent that the Union’s reserves allow for this;

- Union processing capacity , including for all intermediate processing steps, is able to produce at least 50% of the Union's annual consumption of strategic raw materials; up to 20% of the Union’s new processing capacity might be developed under strategic partnerships in emerging markets and developing countries;

- Union recycling capacity , including for all intermediate recycling steps, is able to produce at least +10% volume of recycling capacity based on the 2020-2022 baseline for each strategic raw material to, at least collect, sort and process 45% of each strategic raw material contained in the Union’s waste taking into account technical and economic feasibility.

The Regulation also seeks to:

- diversify the Union's imports of strategic raw materials and decrease dependency on non-reliable partners that do not share Union values, respect for human rights, democracy and rule of law;

- promote development and deployment of substitute raw materials by fostering production methods to substitute raw materials and research and development of alternative innovative materials to lower the Union’s environmental footprint;

- mitigate the Union’s increase in demand of critical raw materials , including by increasing efficiency and the uptake of material substitution throughout the value chains ;

- increase the share of secondary raw materials within the Union’s consumption of strategic raw materials.

List of strategic raw materials

The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts to amend Annex I, Section 1 in order to amend this Regulation by updating the list of strategic raw materials, including by adding raw materials to that list if supply risks are detected as a result of the monitoring and stress testing carried out pursuant to this Regulation. By 6 months from the adoption of this Regulation, the Commission should submit to the European Parliament and to the Council a list of strategic secondary raw materials, including ferrous scrap. While defining this list, the Commission should give specific consideration to the relevance of a secondary raw material for the green and digital transition as well as defence and space applications.

Strategic projects

According to Members, strategic projects should be flagship projects in terms of technological innovation and sustainability. Effective support to strategic projects has the potential to improve access to materials for downstream sectors as well as to create economic opportunities along the value chain, including for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and local communities and contribute to the creation of employment. To ensure the development of strategic projects across the Union, such projects should benefit from streamlined and predictable permitting procedures and support in gaining access to finance.

Strategic projects in third countries should respect international standards and conventions related to environmental protection and human rights and encourage the use of inclusive business models in which local communities participate in decision-making.

The Commission should be able to prioritise strategic projects that contribute to circularity of raw materials or submitted by SMEs provided that a balance of projects between the different stages of the value chain is maintained.

To keep administrative burden put on Member States and undertakings, especially SMEs, to a minimum, the different reporting obligations should be streamlined.

Funding

Specific financial and support instruments as well as targeted research and innovation funds aimed at improving performance, substitution, recycling processes and material cycles should take the form of research and innovation programmes and other instruments to stimulate innovation, in particular in the fields of waste treatment, advanced materials and substitution, as well as for the development of new and innovative technologies in the sustainable extraction of the Union's critical raw materials.

The Commission should further consider the possibility of setting up a dedicated fund at Union level , for example in the form of a European Fund for Strategic Raw Materials including considering revolving instruments, or of earmarking of financial support through reprioritisation of funds under the Multiannual Financial Framework.

Documents
2023/09/14
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2023/09/13
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2023/09/07
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2023/09/07
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2023/09/07
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Documents
2023/07/20
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/07/19
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/07/19
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/07/18
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/07/17
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/07/12
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2023/07/06
   IT_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2023/07/05
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2023/06/15
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2023/05/30
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/05/26
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/05/26
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/05/26
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/05/15
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2023/05/08
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2023/05/04
   EP - LEXMANN Miriam (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in AFET
2023/04/27
   EP - ASIMAKOPOULOU Anna-Michelle (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in INTA
2023/04/20
   EP - POLFJÄRD Jessica (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2023/04/11
   EP - BEER Nicola (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2023/04/04
   EP - POLFJÄRD Jessica (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2023/03/23
   EP - BOGOVIČ Franc (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in REGI
2023/03/17
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2023/03/17
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2023/03/17
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2023/03/17
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2023/03/16
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to lay down a regulatory framework to support the development of domestic capacities and strengthen sustainability and circularity of the critical raw material supply chains in the EU.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: raw materials are found at the beginning of all industrial value chains. The focus of this draft Regulation is on non-energy, non-agricultural raw materials that are important for the EU economy, the supplies of which are subject to a high level of supply risk. These critical raw materials (CRMs) are often indispensable inputs for a wide set of strategic sectors including renewable energy, the digital industry, the space and defence sectors and the health sector. At the same time, extraction and processing of CRMs can have negative environmental impacts, depending on the methods and processes used, as well as social impacts.

The EU relies almost exclusively on imports for many critical raw materials. Suppliers of those imports are often highly concentrated in a small number of third countries, both at the extraction and processing stage. For example, the EU sources 97% of its magnesium in China. Heavy rare earth elements, used in permanent magnets, are exclusively refined in China. 63% of the world's cobalt, used in batteries, is extracted in the Democratic Republic of Congo, while 60% is refined in China. This concentration exposes the EU to significant supply risks. There are precedents of countries leveraging their strong position as suppliers of CRMs against buyer countries, for instance through export restrictions.

With the global shift towards renewable energy and the digitalisation of our economies and societies, demand for some of these critical raw materials is forecasted to rapidly increase in the coming decades.

Disruption in the supply of essential goods during the COVID-19 crisis and the energy crisis sparked by Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine have highlighted the EU’s structural supply dependencies and their potentially damaging effects in times of crisis.

The 2008 raw materials initiative and the 2020 action plan on critical raw materials both provided a framework for initiatives to assess assessing the criticality of different raw materials, the international diversification, research and innovation and the development of CRMs production capacity in the EU. However, non-regulatory actions have not been enough to ensure the EU’s access to a secure and sustainable supply of critical raw materials.

At present, there is no regulatory framework aimed at structurally reducing supply risks across the range of critical raw materials.

CONTENT: therefore, the Commission is presenting this proposal which seeks to set out regulatory framework to ensure the Union's access to a secure and sustainable supply of critical raw materials. The proposed Regulation aims to:

1. strengthen the different stages of the European critical raw materials value chain;

2. diversify the EU's imports of critical raw materials to reduce strategic dependencies;

3. improve the EU capacity to monitor and mitigate current and future risks of disruptions to the supply of critical raw materials;

4. ensure the free movement of critical raw materials on the single market while ensuring a high level of environmental protection, by improving their circularity and sustainability.

List of critical and raw materials

In addition to an updated list of critical raw materials, the proposal identifies a list of strategic raw materials, which are crucial to technologies important to Europe's green and digital ambitions and for defence and space applications, while being subject to potential supply risks in the future. The proposed Regulation embeds both the critical and strategic raw materials lists in EU law.

The Commission should review and, if necessary, update the list of strategic raw materials by four years after the date of entry into force of this Regulation and every four years thereafter.

Benchmarks

The proposal lays down benchmarks to improve capacities for extraction, processing and recycling of critical raw materials in the EU and guide diversification efforts.

It also sets clear benchmarks for domestic capacities along the strategic raw material supply chain and to diversify EU supply by 2030:

- at least 10% of the EU's annual consumption for extraction ;

- at least 40% of the EU's annual consumption for processing ;

- at least 15% of the EU's annual consumption for recycling ; not more than 65% of the Union's annual consumption of each strategic raw material at any relevant stage of processing is from a single third country.

The proposal also:

- sets out rules for the recognition by the Commission of certification schemes related to the sustainability of critical raw materials;

- sets up a European Critical Raw Materials Board, composed of high-level representatives from the Member States and the Commission, which will chair the Board. The Board will provide advice to the Commission and assist with coordination, cooperation and information exchange to support the implementation of this Regulation.

Lastly, the proposal contains articles on penalties, monitoring progress and on carrying out an evaluation of the Regulation. It also establishes a common reporting for Member States related to different measures and contains an article ensuring that confidential information collected under this Regulation is handled in a consistent manner.

Budgetary implications

The proposal has budgetary implications for the Commission. Specifically, and when fully operational, it requires up to 33 full-time equivalents per year to implement the regulation and the related delegated acts over the period 2024-27 of the EU’s multiannual financial framework.

In addition to EUR 3.2 million counted under Heading 1 for performing a range of studies needed for the implementation of the Regulation, it requires commitments on existing budget lines, amounting to EUR 14.969 million in Heading 7 (Administrative Expenditure). The new commitments will be covered from the existing budgetary envelopes of the relevant programmes.

In terms of staffing needs, the Commission has looked carefully at ways to share the work between DGs, reallocate staff where possible and outsource scientific and technical support for the preparation of delegated and implementing acts and for cross-cutting tasks. It remains apparent, however, that the high level of ambition of the measures and the increased importance of critical raw materials call for a structured approach to develop the EU’s capacity to take action on this matter.

Documents

  • Draft final act: 00078/2023/LEX
  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2024)56
  • Contribution: COM(2023)0160
  • Results of vote in Parliament: Results of vote in Parliament
  • Debate in Parliament: Debate in Parliament
  • Decision by Parliament, 1st reading: T9-0454/2023
  • Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations: PE757.056
  • Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement: GEDA/A/(2023)006754
  • Text agreed during interinstitutional negotiations: PE757.056
  • Contribution: COM(2023)0160
  • Decision by Parliament, 1st reading: T9-0325/2023
  • Debate in Parliament: Debate in Parliament
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading: A9-0260/2023
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading: A9-0260/2023
  • Committee opinion: PE749.058
  • Committee opinion: PE751.730
  • Committee opinion: PE749.316
  • Committee opinion: PE749.074
  • Committee opinion: PE749.165
  • Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report: CES1573/2023
  • Contribution: COM(2023)0160
  • Committee of the Regions: opinion: CDR2188/2023
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE749.174
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE749.172
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE749.173
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE749.175
  • Committee draft report: PE746.959
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SEC(2023)0360
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2023)0160
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2023)0161
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: SWD(2023)0162
  • Legislative proposal published: COM(2023)0160
  • Legislative proposal published: EUR-Lex
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex SEC(2023)0360
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex SWD(2023)0160
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex SWD(2023)0161
  • Document attached to the procedure: EUR-Lex SWD(2023)0162
  • Committee draft report: PE746.959
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE749.172
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE749.173
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE749.175
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE749.174
  • Committee of the Regions: opinion: CDR2188/2023
  • Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report: CES1573/2023
  • Committee opinion: PE749.165
  • Committee opinion: PE749.074
  • Committee opinion: PE751.730
  • Committee opinion: PE749.316
  • Committee opinion: PE749.058
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading: A9-0260/2023
  • Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement: GEDA/A/(2023)006754
  • Text agreed during interinstitutional negotiations: PE757.056
  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2024)56
  • Draft final act: 00078/2023/LEX
  • Contribution: COM(2023)0160
  • Contribution: COM(2023)0160
  • Contribution: COM(2023)0160

Activities

Votes

Cadre permettant d’assurer un approvisionnement durable et sûr en matières premières critiques - A9-0260/2023 - Nicola Beer - Article 5, § 1, point c - Am 18 #

2023/09/14 Outcome: +: 284, -: 279, 0: 11
FR IT PT ES IE LU CY FI EL SI MT SE HU LT LV DK AT EE DE HR SK NL BG BE CZ RO PL
Total
63
61
21
53
11
4
4
12
13
7
3
19
11
10
8
12
16
7
81
12
7
26
7
18
18
26
44
icon: S&D S&D
109

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Malta S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

For (1)

1

Bulgaria S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
64

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
32

Cyprus The Left

2

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Germany The Left

3

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
30

France NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Latvia NI

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Belgium NI

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
51

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia ID

Abstain (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
87

Italy Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Sweden Renew

Abstain (1)

3

Hungary Renew

Against (1)

2

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria Renew

Against (1)

1

Poland Renew

1
icon: ECR ECR
56

Finland ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Sweden ECR

3

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
145

Ireland PPE

3

Finland PPE

Against (1)

3

Slovenia PPE

3

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands PPE

Abstain (1)

5

A9-0260/2023 - Nicola Beer - Article 7, § 2 - Am 9S=13S= #

2023/09/14 Outcome: -: 426, +: 132, 0: 13
EL HU IE CY FI LU MT BE SK LT LV DK BG EE SI AT CZ SE HR PT NL FR RO DE ES PL IT
Total
13
11
11
4
12
4
3
18
7
10
8
12
7
7
7
15
18
19
12
20
26
62
26
81
53
46
59
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
64

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

3
icon: The Left The Left
32

Cyprus The Left

2

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Germany The Left

3
icon: NI NI
29

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Lithuania NI

1

Latvia NI

1

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Netherlands NI

1

France NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

2
icon: ID ID
51

Belgium ID

Abstain (1)

3

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Czechia ID

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
56

Finland ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

3

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
86

Hungary Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Belgium Renew

4

Slovakia Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Poland Renew

1

Italy Renew

2
icon: S&D S&D
109
4

Cyprus S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Malta S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2

Bulgaria S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Austria S&D

3

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

4
icon: PPE PPE
144

Ireland PPE

3

Finland PPE

Against (1)

3

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Belgium PPE

Abstain (1)

4

Latvia PPE

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia PPE

3

Netherlands PPE

Abstain (1)

5

A9-0260/2023 - Nicola Beer - Article 18, § 2, partie introductive - Am 10=14= #

2023/09/14 Outcome: -: 334, +: 223, 0: 16
ES PT IE CY FI EL HU MT LU NL LV AT LT HR SI EE DK SK BG DE BE CZ SE RO IT FR PL
Total
51
21
11
3
13
12
11
3
4
26
8
16
10
12
7
7
12
6
7
83
18
18
19
26
61
62
46
icon: S&D S&D
108

Cyprus S&D

1

Finland S&D

Against (1)

2

Malta S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

Abstain (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
65

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
31

Portugal The Left

4

Cyprus The Left

2

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Germany The Left

3

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
30

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Latvia NI

1

Lithuania NI

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

France NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2
icon: ECR ECR
57

Finland ECR

Against (1)

2

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

2

Sweden ECR

3
icon: ID ID
53

Austria ID

3

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Abstain (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
87

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Slovakia Renew

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria Renew

Against (1)

1

Sweden Renew

3

Italy Renew

2

Poland Renew

1
icon: PPE PPE
142

Ireland PPE

3

Finland PPE

Against (1)

3

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands PPE

Against (1)

5

Latvia PPE

3

Slovenia PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovakia PPE

3

Belgium PPE

Abstain (1)

4

A9-0260/2023 - Nicola Beer - Annexe I, section 1, alinéa 1, avant le point a - Am 5 #

2023/09/14 Outcome: +: 312, -: 243, 0: 14
PL FR RO IT DE BG CZ SK SI LT AT EL BE HR LV HU MT IE LU CY FI EE NL SE PT DK ES
Total
46
60
26
60
81
7
17
7
7
10
16
13
18
11
8
11
3
11
4
4
11
7
26
19
21
12
53
icon: PPE PPE
142

Slovenia PPE

3

Malta PPE

For (1)

1
3

Finland PPE

Against (1)

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
57

Germany ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Belgium ECR

2

Croatia ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
52

Czechia ID

Against (1)

1
3

Belgium ID

Against (1)

3

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Denmark ID

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
29

France NI

2

Germany NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Belgium NI

Against (1)

1

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia NI

Against (1)

1

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
85

Poland Renew

1

Italy Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

Abstain (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Belgium Renew

For (1)

4

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Finland Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Sweden Renew

3
icon: The Left The Left
32

Germany The Left

3

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Ireland The Left

4

Cyprus The Left

2

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Sweden The Left

Against (1)

1

Denmark The Left

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
108

Bulgaria S&D

Against (1)

1

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Malta S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

Against (1)

2

Finland S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

For (1)

4

Denmark S&D

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
64

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Romania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

A9-0260/2023 - Nicola Beer - Annexe III, point 4, alinéa 1, après le sous-point i - Am 11 #

2023/09/14 Outcome: +: 273, -: 259, 0: 45
FR PT ES IT LU CY EL IE DK FI SI MT HU AT NL LT SE LV BE SK HR EE BG DE RO CZ PL
Total
62
21
53
61
4
4
13
11
12
12
7
3
11
16
26
10
19
8
18
7
12
7
7
83
26
18
46
icon: S&D S&D
110

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2

Finland S&D

Abstain (1)

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Malta S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Bulgaria S&D

For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
64

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
32

Cyprus The Left

2

Denmark The Left

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Germany The Left

3
icon: NI NI
30

France NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Lithuania NI

1

Latvia NI

1

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Germany NI

Against (1)

2
icon: Renew Renew
87

Italy Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

For (1)

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Hungary Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Sweden Renew

Abstain (1)

3

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

For (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

Against (1)

1

Poland Renew

1
icon: ID ID
53

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
57

Finland ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

3

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
144

Ireland PPE

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Finland PPE

Against (1)

3

Slovenia PPE

3

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands PPE

Against (1)

5

Latvia PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0260/2023 - Nicola Beer - Après le considérant 9 - Am 15 #

2023/09/14 Outcome: -: 389, +: 173, 0: 16
IE FI IT EL CY HU SI LU MT DK BE LT LV DE BG SK EE HR SE AT PT CZ NL FR RO ES PL
Total
11
13
61
13
4
11
7
4
3
12
18
10
8
83
7
7
7
12
19
16
21
18
26
62
26
53
46
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
65

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
32

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Cyprus The Left

2

Denmark The Left

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Germany The Left

3

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
53

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Austria ID

3

Czechia ID

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
30

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Lithuania NI

1

Latvia NI

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Netherlands NI