BETA


2023/0081(COD) Framework of measures for strengthening Europe’s net-zero technology products manufacturing ecosystem (Net Zero Industry Act)

Progress: Awaiting Council's 1st reading position

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ITRE EHLER Christian (icon: EPP EPP) PENKOVA Tsvetelina (icon: S&D S&D), GRUDLER Christophe (icon: Renew Renew), CARÊME Damien (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), BORCHIA Paolo (icon: ID ID), TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen (icon: ECR ECR), BOTENGA Marc (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion INTA RODRÍGUEZ-PIÑERO Inma (icon: S&D S&D) Seán KELLY (icon: PPE PPE), Helmut SCHOLZ (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Saskia BRICMONT (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Karin KARLSBRO (icon: RE RE), Geert BOURGEOIS (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion BUDG
Committee Opinion ECON NIEDERMAYER Luděk (icon: EPP EPP) France JAMET (icon: ID ID), Johan VAN OVERTVELDT (icon: ECR ECR), José GUSMÃO (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Ville NIINISTÖ (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Niels FUGLSANG (icon: S&D S&D), Stéphanie YON-COURTIN (icon: RE RE)
Committee Opinion EMPL VEDRENNE Marie-Pierre (icon: Renew Renew) Marc BOTENGA (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Radan KANEV (icon: PPE PPE), Lina GÁLVEZ MUÑOZ (icon: S&D S&D), Margarita DE LA PISA CARRIÓN (icon: ECR ECR), Sara MATTHIEU (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion ENVI WÖLKEN Tiemo (icon: S&D S&D) Bas EICKHOUT (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Danilo Oscar LANCINI (icon: ID ID), Esther DE LANGE (icon: PPE PPE), Silvia MODIG (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Anna ZALEWSKA (icon: ECR ECR), Erik POULSEN (icon: RE RE)
Committee Opinion IMCO VANDENKENDELAERE Tom (icon: EPP EPP) Dita CHARANZOVÁ (icon: RE RE), Stelios KOULOGLOU (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Christel SCHALDEMOSE (icon: S&D S&D), Anna CAVAZZINI (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), Geert BOURGEOIS (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion TRAN DEPARNAY-GRUNENBERG Anna (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) Marian-Jean MARINESCU (icon: PPE PPE), Georg MAYER (icon: ID ID), Caroline NAGTEGAAL (icon: RE RE), Elena KOUNTOURA (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Sara CERDAS (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion REGI NIENASS Niklas (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) Martina MICHELS (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Mauri PEKKARINEN (icon: RE RE), Mircea-Gheorghe HAVA (icon: PPE PPE), Eric MINARDI (icon: ID ID), Matthias ECKE (icon: S&D S&D), Denis NESCI (icon: ECR ECR)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 57, TFEU 114

Events

2024/04/25
   EP - Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2024/04/25
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2024/04/25
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Documents
2024/03/19
   FR_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2024/02/22
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
2023/11/21
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2023/11/21
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 376 votes to 139, with 116 abstentions, amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on establishing a framework of measures for strengthening Europe’s net-zero technology products manufacturing ecosystem (Net Zero Industry Act).

The matter was referred back to the committee responsible for interinstitutional negotiations.

Subject matter

The amended text stipulates that the draft Regulation establishes the framework of measures to ensure a coordinated approach, throughout the Union, to the innovation and scaling up of the manufacturing capacity of net-zero technologies as well as of the components, materials and machinery along the supply chains of those technologies that are indispensable for their production and functioning in the Union to:

- support the Union’s climate targets and climate neutrality objective;

- foster the Union’s international industrial competitiveness in order to contribute to the creation of quality jobs;

- improve the Union’s access to a secure and sustainable supply of net-zero technologies;

- strengthen Union’s open strategic autonomy;

- safeguard the resilience of the corresponding Union’s supply chains; and

- achieve the decarbonisation of the Union’s economy and society.

To achieve the general objective, this Regulation contains measures with a view to ensuring the reduction of strategic dependencies in the Union of the strategic net-zero technologies as well as of the components, materials and machinery along the supply chains of those technologies that are indispensable for their production and functioning and that by 2030 reaches a manufacturing capacity corresponding to:

- at least 40 % of the Union’s annual deployment needs for the corresponding technologies necessary to achieve the Union’s climate and energy targets, based on the technological deployment planned across the Union according to the national energy and climate plans prepared and submitted by the Member States; and

- at least 25 % of global demand for the corresponding technologies.

Scope and definitions

Members enlarged the scope of the proposed Regulation to include the components, materials and machinery along the supply chains of those technologies that are indispensable for their production and functioning. The meaning of ‘net-zero technologies’ has also been streamlined by the Members.

The net-zero technologies within the scope of this Regulation should be, inter alia :

- technologies used for production of energy from renewable sources;

- nuclear fission and fusion energy technologies, including nuclear fuel cycle technologies;

- energy storage technologies;

- carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O), removal, capture, transport, injection (EPP), storage and utilisation technologies;

- hydrogen (H2) transport infrastructure technologies;

- electrolyser and fuel cell technologies;

- electric, hydrogen (H2), sustainable alternative fuels and wind propulsion technologies for transportation;

- electric charging technologies for transportation;

- heat pump technologies;

- energy efficiency technologies;

- biomaterials production technologies, including bio-based chemical production technologies;

- recycling technologies.

Financing of net-zero technologies

The amended text suggested that Member States should allocate 25% of their national Emissions Trading System (ETS) revenues for expenditures aimed at achieving the objectives.

Duration of the permit-granting process for strategic net-zero projects

In order to provide project promoters and other investors with the certainty and clarity needed to increase the development of zero-net technology projects, Member States should ensure that the permit-granting process for such projects do not exceed a predefined period.

Members proposed streamlining the permit-granting process, setting a deadline of 9 to 12 months for zero-net technology production projects and 6 to 9 months for strategic projects to be authorised.

Net-Zero Industry Valleys

The Regulation should promote the development of ‘net-zero’ industrial valleys with a view to fostering industrial symbiosis and encouraging Member States to make targeted investments in specific areas across Europe. These valleys should be geographically and technologically limited. Valleys should be designated by Member States and each designation should be accompanied by a Plan with concrete national measures to increase the attractiveness of the Valley as a location for manufacturing activities. Valleys should in particularly be used as a tool for re-industrialisation of regions, especially for coal regions in transition.

Documents
2023/11/21
   EP - Matter referred back to the committee responsible
2023/11/20
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2023/11/07
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy adopted the report by Christian EHLER (EPP, DE) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on establishing a framework of measures for strengthening Europe’s net-zero technology products manufacturing ecosystem (Net Zero Industry Act).

The committee responsible recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the proposal as follows:

Subject matter

The amended text stipulates that the draft Regulation establishes the framework of measures to ensure a coordinated approach, throughout the Union, to the innovation and scaling up of the manufacturing capacity of net-zero technologies as well as of the components, materials and machinery along the supply chains of those technologies that are indispensable for their production and functioning in the Union to:

- support the Union’s climate targets and climate neutrality objective;

- foster the Union’s international industrial competitiveness in order to contribute to the creation of quality jobs;

- improve the Union’s access to a secure and sustainable supply of net-zero technologies;

- strengthen Union’s open strategic autonomy;

- safeguard the resilience of the corresponding Union’s supply chains; and

- achieve the decarbonisation of the Union’s economy and society.

Scope and definitions

Members enlarged the scope of the proposed Regulation to include the components, materials and machinery along the supply chains of those technologies that are indispensable for their production and functioning. The meaning of ‘net-zero technologies’ has also been streamlined by the Members.

The net-zero technologies within the scope of this Regulation should be, inter alia :

- technologies used for production of energy from renewable sources;

- nuclear fission and fusion energy technologies, including nuclear fuel cycle technologies;

- energy storage technologies;

- carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O), removal, capture, transport, injection (EPP), storage and utilisation technologies;

- hydrogen (H2) transport infrastructure technologies;

- electrolyser and fuel cell technologies;

- electric, hydrogen (H2), sustainable alternative fuels and wind propulsion technologies for transportation;

- electric charging technologies for transportation;

- heat pump technologies;

- energy efficiency technologies;

- biomaterials production technologies, including bio-based chemical production technologies;

- recycling technologies.

Financing of net-zero technologies

The amended text suggested that Member States should allocate 25% of their national Emissions Trading System (ETS) revenues for expenditures aimed at achieving the objectives.

Net-Zero Industry Valleys

Members introduce the concept of Net-Zero Industry Valleys, aimed at fostering industrial symbiosis and encouraging Member States to make targeted investments in specific areas across Europe. Those Valleys should be limited in geographical and technology scope in order to promote industrial symbiosis. Valleys should be designated by Member States and each designation should be accompanied by a Plan with concrete national measures to increase the attractiveness of the Valley as a location for manufacturing activities. Valleys should in particularly be used as a tool for re-industrialisation of regions, especially for coal regions in transition.

Documents
2023/10/25
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2023/10/09
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/10/09
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/09/29
   RO_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2023/09/26
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/09/26
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/09/20
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/08/28
   IE_HOUSES-OF-OIREACHTAS - Contribution
Documents
2023/07/20
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/07/20
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2023/07/13
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2023/07/05
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2023/06/28
   DE_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2023/06/23
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/06/23
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/06/23
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/06/23
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/06/23
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/06/23
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2023/06/15
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2023/05/26
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2023/05/25
   EP - DEPARNAY-GRUNENBERG Anna (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2023/05/15
   EP - VEDRENNE Marie-Pierre (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL
2023/05/08
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2023/04/27
   EP - RODRÍGUEZ-PIÑERO Inma (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in INTA
2023/04/27
   EP - VANDENKENDELAERE Tom (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2023/04/20
   EP - NIEDERMAYER Luděk (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2023/04/20
   EP - WÖLKEN Tiemo (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2023/03/30
   EP - EHLER Christian (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2023/03/22
   EP - NIENASS Niklas (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in REGI
2023/03/14
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to establish a framework of measures for strengthening Europe’s net-zero technology products manufacturing ecosystem (Net Zero Industry Act).

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: the EU has committed to achieve climate neutrality, including net-zero greenhouse gas emissions, by 2050. This objective is at the heart of the European Green Deal and in line with the EU's commitment to global climate action under the Paris Agreement. The Net-Zero Industry Act (NZIA) aims to scale up the manufacturing of technologies which are key to achieve climate-neutrality such as solar panels, batteries and electrolysers, among others, or key components of such technologies, such as photovoltaic cells or the blades on wind turbines. The Act will simplify the regulatory framework for the manufacturing of these technologies and therefore help increase the competitiveness of the net-zero technology industry in Europe. It will also accelerate the capacity to store CO2 emissions.

Together with the proposal for a European Critical Raw Materials Act and the reform of the electricity market design, the Net-Zero Industry Act sets out a clear European framework to reduce the EU's reliance on highly concentrated imports.

CONTENT: therefore, the Commission is presenting this proposal which seeks to establish the framework of measures for innovating and scaling up the manufacturing capacity of net-zero technologies in the Union to support the Union’s 2030 target of reducing net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55 % relative to 1990 levels and the Union’s 2050 climate neutrality target and to ensure the Union’s access to a secure and sustainable supply of net-zero technologies needed to safeguard the resilience of the Union’s energy system and to contribute to the creation of quality jobs.

The proposal supports eight strategic net zero technologies . These are: (i) solar photovoltaic and solar thermal technologies; (ii) onshore wind and offshore renewable energy; (iii) batteries and storage; (iv) heat pumps and geothermal energy; (v) electrolysers and fuel cells; (vi) biogas/biomethane; (vii) carbon capture and storage (CCS); and (viii) grid technologies (which also include electric vehicles smart and fast charging).

To achieve the general objective, this proposed Regulation contains measures with a view to ensuring:

- that by 2030, manufacturing capacity in the Union of the strategic net-zero technologies listed in the Annex approaches or reaches a benchmark of at least 40% of the Union’s annual deployment needs for the corresponding technologies necessary to achieve the Union’s 2030 climate and energy targets;

- the free movement of net zero technologies placed on the Single market.

Where the Commission concludes that the Union is likely not to achieve the objectives set out above, it should assess the feasibility and proportionality of proposing measures or exercising its powers at Union level in order to ensure the achievement of those objectives.

The Net-Zero Industry proposal is built on the following pillars:

1. Setting enabling conditions : the proposal will improve conditions for investment in net-zero technologies by enhancing information, reducing the administrative burden to set up projects and simplifying permit-granting processes. In addition, it proposes to give priority to Net-Zero Strategic Projects, that are deemed essential for reinforcing the resilience and competitiveness of the EU industry, including sites to safely store captured CO2 emissions. They will be able to benefit from shorter permitting timelines and streamlined procedures;

2. Accelerating CO2 capture : the proposal sets an EU objective to reach an annual 50Mt injection capacity in strategic CO2 storage sites in the EU by 2030 , with proportional contributions from EU oil and gas producers. This will remove a major barrier to developing CO2 capture and storage as an economically viable climate solution, in particular for hard to abate energy-intensive sectors;

3. Facilitating access to markets : to boost diversification of supply for net-zero technologies, the draft Regulation requires public authorities to consider sustainability and resilience criteria for net-zero technologies in public procurement or auctions;

4. Enhancing skills : the proposal introduces new measures to ensure there is a skilled workforce supporting the production of net-zero technologies in the EU, including setting up Net-Zero Industry Academies , with the support and oversight by the Net-Zero Europe Platform. These will contribute to quality jobs in these essential sectors;

5. Fostering innovation : the Act makes it possible for Member States to set up regulatory sandboxes to test innovative net-zero technologies and stimulate innovation, under flexible regulatory conditions;

6. A Net-Zero Europe Platform will assist the Commission and Member States to coordinate action and exchange information, including around Net-Zero Industrial Partnerships. The Commission and Member States will also work together to ensure availability of data to monitor progress towards the objectives of the Net-Zero Industry Act. The Net-Zero Europe Platform will support investment by identifying financial needs, bottlenecks and best practices for projects across the EU. It will also foster contacts across Europe's net-zero sectors, making particular use of existing industrial alliances.

One-stop-shop

To increase efficiency and transparency, the Net-Zero Industry proposal will thus require Member States to set up one-stop shops that act as single points of contact for project promoters. These will facilitate and coordinate the entire permit-granting process and issue a comprehensive decision within the applicable time-limits.

Budgetary implications

The proposal establishes a Net-Zero Europe Platform. Heading 7 of the EU budget will support the organisation of the Net-Zero Europe Platform with a total of EUR 5.130 million for six officials. This translates into an annual expenditure of EUR 1.026 million. The staff will be responsible to carry out the tasks in relation to the Net-Zero Europe Platform as well as the Net-Zero Industry Academies as set out in this Regulation. Furthermore, the proposal estimates additional costs for committees with a budget of EUR 125.000.

The funding of the associated operational costs of this initiative will be supported by the budget for the ‘Operation and development of the internal market of goods and services’ under the current Multiannual Financial Framework until 2027.

In order to conduct research and data analysis for monitoring the initiative and market developments as well as to obtain up-to-date data on net-zero technology supply chains to tackle issues related to this Regulation a budget of EUR 720.000 is allocated.

This proposal will support Net-Zero Industry Academies with seed funding in form of EUR 3 million from the budget for the Clean Hydrogen Joint Undertaking and EUR 2.5 million from the budget of the Single Market Programme, SME pillar.

Documents

Activities

Votes

Framework of measures for strengthening Europe’s net-zero technology products manufacturing ecosystem (Net Zero Industry Act) – A9-0343/2023 – Christian Ehler – Article 6, § 9a – Am 1CP #

2023/11/21 Outcome: +: 413, -: 146, 0: 72
IT FR ES RO PL BG PT CZ SI HR SE LT DE HU SK EE DK MT LU FI LV IE CY EL NL BE AT
Total
72
72
48
31
47
15
20
20
8
11
17
11
83
17
14
7
13
4
5
13
6
12
6
17
28
20
14
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Estonia PPE

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1

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2
icon: S&D S&D
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Czechia S&D

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1

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2

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2

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1

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2

Luxembourg S&D

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1

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1

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1

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5

Belgium S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
92

Poland Renew

1

Slovenia Renew

2

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1
3

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1

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1
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2

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1

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3
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1

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5
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3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

A9-0343/2023 – Christian Ehler – Article 13a, § 4, point b – Am 1CP #

2023/11/21 Outcome: +: 428, -: 181, 0: 17
IT PL ES RO BG CZ SE PT HR SK HU SI LT EE DK BE FI MT LU LV EL IE CY NL AT FR DE
Total
71
46
48
31
15
20
17
20
11
14
17
8
11
7
13
20
13
3
5
5
17
12
6
28
14
72
82
icon: PPE PPE
157

Estonia PPE

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1

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1

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1

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2
icon: Renew Renew
92

Poland Renew

1
3

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For (1)

1

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1

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2

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1

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3

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2

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1

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2
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55

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1

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3
icon: NI NI
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2

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1

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Spain The Left

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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
68

Italy Verts/ALE

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3

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1

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1

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2

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3

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3

A9-0343/2023 – Christian Ehler – Article 1, § 2, after point a – Am 10 #

2023/11/21 Outcome: -: 450, +: 164, 0: 3
CY IE AT DK LU DE FI LV MT BE LT EL NL SI EE HU SK PT HR SE BG CZ FR RO ES PL IT
Total
6
13
14
13
5
83
13
6
4
19
11
15
28
8
7
18
13
20
11
17
15
20
69
30
47
44
68
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
67

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

3
icon: The Left The Left
30

Cyprus The Left

2

Denmark The Left

1

Finland The Left

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1

Belgium The Left

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1

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Czechia The Left

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1

Spain The Left

2
icon: NI NI
43

Germany NI

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3

Latvia NI

1

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Lithuania NI

1

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1

Croatia NI

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2

France NI

3
icon: S&D S&D
118

Cyprus S&D

2

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1

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1

Latvia S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Belgium S&D

2

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2

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1

Slovenia S&D

2

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2
3

Sweden S&D

2

Bulgaria S&D

For (1)

4

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1
icon: ID ID
52

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2
icon: ECR ECR
62

Finland ECR

2

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

3

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
92

Ireland Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Belgium Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Greece Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Estonia Renew

3

Hungary Renew

For (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Sweden Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Poland Renew

1

Italy Renew

3
icon: PPE PPE
153

Cyprus PPE

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

Against (1)

1

Finland PPE

3

Latvia PPE

Against (1)

1

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia PPE

4

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Hungary PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0343/2023 – Christian Ehler – after Article 3 – Am 1CP/2 #

2023/11/21 Outcome: +: 456, -: 153, 0: 16
IT PL FR ES RO CZ BG SK HU HR SE BE SI LT EE PT NL LV CY FI MT LU DK EL DE IE AT
Total
71
45
71
48
31
20
15
14
18
10
17
20
8
11
7
20
28
6
4
13
4
5
13
16
83
13
14
icon: PPE PPE
156

Hungary PPE

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Latvia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

2

Finland PPE

Against (1)

3

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
92

Poland Renew

1

Hungary Renew

For (1)

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1
3

Slovenia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

1

Estonia Renew

3

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Greece Renew

1

Ireland Renew

2
icon: ECR ECR
62

Romania ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Croatia ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

1
icon: ID ID
55

Czechia ID

2

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Austria ID

3
icon: S&D S&D
122

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Bulgaria S&D

Against (1)

4

Slovakia S&D

For (1)

1

Sweden S&D

2

Belgium S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Finland S&D

1

Malta S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Greece S&D

1
icon: NI NI
43

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Lithuania NI

1

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Latvia NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

For (1)

3
icon: The Left The Left
28

Spain The Left

2

Czechia The Left

1

Belgium The Left

Against (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

Against (1)

1

Finland The Left

Against (1)

1

Denmark The Left

Against (1)

1

Ireland The Left

4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
67

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

For (1)

3

Romania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

A9-0343/2023 – Christian Ehler – Article 10, § 1, introductory part – Am 15 #

2023/11/21 Outcome: -: 464, +: 152, 0: 10
AT IE CY LU MT FI BE LV NL SK LT EL SI DK EE HU HR PT SE CZ BG FR DE ES RO PL IT
Total
14
12
6
5
4
13
20
6
28
13
11
17
8
13
7
18
11
20
17
20
15
72
81
46
32
46
71
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
67

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

3
icon: The Left The Left
31

Cyprus The Left

2

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Portugal The Left

Abstain (1)

4

Czechia The Left

Against (1)

1

Spain The Left

2
icon: NI NI
42

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Latvia NI

1

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

For (1)

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

France NI

For (1)

3

Germany NI

Against (1)

3
icon: ID ID
55

Austria ID

3

Belgium ID

3

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (2)

2
icon: ECR ECR
63

Finland ECR

2

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

3

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
121

Cyprus S&D

Against (1)

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Finland S&D

Against (1)

1

Belgium S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Greece S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2
3

Sweden S&D

2

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
91

Ireland Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Belgium Renew

3

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Greece Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Estonia Renew

3

Hungary Renew

For (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Sweden Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

3

Italy Renew

3
icon: PPE PPE
156

Austria PPE

4

Cyprus PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

Against (1)

1

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Finland PPE

3

Latvia PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia PPE

4

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Hungary PPE

Against (1)

1

A9-0343/2023 – Christian Ehler – Article 10, § 1, point b after point iv – Am 33 #

2023/11/21 Outcome: -: 397, +: 194, 0: 33
IT MT AT LU IE LV CY EL FI BE DE LT FR DK SK SI SE EE HU NL PT HR CZ BG RO ES PL
Total
71
4
14
5
13
6
6
17
11
19
84
11
71
13
14
8
17
7
18
28
20
11
19
15
31
45
46
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
67

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
31

Cyprus The Left

2

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Denmark The Left

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Spain The Left

2
icon: ID ID
54

Austria ID

3

Belgium ID

2

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: NI NI
43

Latvia NI

1

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

3

Lithuania NI

1

France NI

Against (1)

3