BETA

172 Amendments of Teuvo HAKKARAINEN

Amendment 94 #

2021/2208(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 8 a (new)
8a. Points out that in many countries with high rates of poverty and high numbers of people without food security, large areas of land are controlled by multinational corporations that use the land to produce agricultural products exported to the EU at dumped prices;
2021/12/08
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 95 #

2021/2208(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 8 b (new)
8b. Points to the widespread corruption of government authorities in many developing countries, and the abuses committed by law enforcement agencies and the army to drive indigenous farmers off the land for the purpose of selling it to multinational corporations;
2021/12/08
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 96 #

2021/2208(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 8 c (new)
8c. Recalls that many developing countries have considerably less stringent or no rules on the use of GMOs, pesticides and the misuse of hormone preparations for growth promotion in farm animals, and that multinational corporations exploit this difference in regulation to produce unsafe food that they import into the EU;
2021/12/08
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 97 #

2021/2208(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 8 d (new)
8d. Cautions against further liberalisation of international trade in food products through World Trade Organisation agreements and bilateral or multilateral agreements involving the EU;
2021/12/08
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 98 #

2021/2208(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 8 e (new)
8e. Calls on the Commission not to negotiate at the 12th WTO Ministerial Conference an agreement that includes a commitment to liberalise trade in agricultural and food products;
2021/12/08
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 99 #

2021/2208(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 8 f (new)
8f. Calls on the Commission not to negotiate any other trade agreements, including any commitment to open up further the EU single market to imports of food and agricultural commodities from third countries;
2021/12/08
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 100 #

2021/2208(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 8 g (new)
8g. Calls on the Commission to withdraw its signature from the EU- Mercosur Trade Agreement;
2021/12/08
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 23 #

2021/0214(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 10
(10) Existing mechanisms to address the risk of carbon leakage in sectors or sub- sectors at risk of carbon leakage are the transitional free allocation of EU ETS allowances and financial measures to compensate for indirect emission costs incurred from GHG emission costs passed on in electricity prices respectively laid down in Articles 10a(6) and 10b of Directive 2003/87/EC. However, fFree allocation under the EU ETS weakens the price signal that the system provides for the installations receiving it compared to full auctioning and thus affects the incentives for investment into further abatement of emissionsremains a valid instrument within the Union and the inclusion of these allowances in the CBAM calculation would help contain price increases, especially in sectors such as agriculture.
2021/11/17
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 33 #

2021/0214(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 12 a (new)
(12a) However, the issue of carbon leakage must be seen in a broader context, taking into account the cumulative impact of the Union's growing environmental ambitions on the competitiveness of its economy as a whole. The disparity in standards and production requirements between the Union and its external trading partners is clearly evident, not only in the sectors covered by the EU ETC system, but also, and especially, in agriculture. A twin-track approach is therefore required: measures to combat carbon leakage through CBAM should be combined with the creation of additional favourable conditions for investment and production within the Union, including financial incentives for innovation, the production of organic fertilisers, the removal of administrative barriers and the reduction of adjustment costs, especially in the agricultural sector. New resources should be earmarked for this purpose.
2021/11/17
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 81 #

2021/0214(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 52
(52) The Commission should evaluate the application of this Regulation before the end of the transitional period and report to the European Parliament and the Council. The report of the Commission should in particular focus on possibilities to enhance climate actions towards the objective of a climate neutral Union by 2050the real consequences that the CBAM would have on the climate, carrying out an impact study for the agricultural sector in particular. The Commission should, as part of that evaluation, initiate collection of information necessary to possibly extend the scope to indirect emissions, as well as to other goods and services at risk of carbon leakage, and to develop methods of calculating embedded emissions based on the environmental footprint methods47. _________________ 47Commission Recommendation 2013/179/EU of 9 April 2013 on the use of common methods to measure and communicate the life cycle environmental performance of products and organisations (OJ L 124, 4.5.2013, p. 1) 47 .
2021/11/17
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 99 #

2021/0214(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 1 – paragraph 3
3. The mechanism will progressively become an alternative to the mechanisms established under Directive 2003/87/EC to prevent the risk of carbon leakage, notably the allocation of allowances free of charge in accordance with Article 10a of that Directive.deleted
2021/11/17
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 150 #

2021/0214(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 30 – paragraph 1
1. The Commission shall collect the information necessary with a view to extending the scope of this Regulation to indirect emissions and goods other than those listed in Annex I, and develop methods of calculating embedded emissions based on environmental footprint methods. The Commission should constantly monitor the climatic, social and economic impact of the CBAM, especially in the agricultural sector.
2021/11/17
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 156 #

2021/0214(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 30 – paragraph 2
2. Before the end of the transitional period, the Commission shall present a report to the European Parliament and the Council on the application of this Regulation. The report shall contain, in particular, the assessment of the possibilities to further extend the scope of embedded emissions to indirect emissions and to other goods at risk of carbon leakage than those already covered by this Regulation, as well as an assessment of the governance system. It shall also contain the assessment of the possibility to further extend the scope to embedded emissions of transportation services as well as to goods further down the value chain and services that may be subject to the risk of carbon leakage in the future, without undermining the proper functioning of the internal market or increasing costs for consumers.
2021/11/17
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 4 #

2020/2273(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 13 a (new)
- having regard to the European Parliament resolution of 8 October 2020 on the European Forest Strategy - The Way Forward1a, _________________ 1a Texts adopted, P9_TA(2020)0257.
2021/02/22
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 95 #

2020/2273(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital C a (new)
Ca. whereas the use of forests and forestry fall within the competence of the Member States, and the EU must not establish a transnational administrative framework for guidance on matters that are the competence of the Member States;
2021/02/22
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 95 #

2020/2273(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3 a (new)
3a. Stresses that EU policies should not compromise food safety in the EU, increase consumer prices for food or replace own production and jobs with imports from countries with lower environmental standards;
2021/01/21
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 198 #

2020/2273(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 7
7. Welcomes the recognition of organic farming as a strong component on the EU’s path towards more sustainable food systems; underlines that the development of organic food production must be accompanied by research, innovation and scientific transfer, market and supply chain development, and measures stimulating demand for organic food, ensuring both the stability of the organic products market and the fair remuneration of farmers; notes, however, that organic farming has been found to be inefficient, and that its impact on waters and the climate in terms of every tonne of pollutant produced is greater than that of intensive farming;
2021/01/21
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 264 #

2020/2273(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4
4. Expresses strong support for the targets of protecting at least 30 % of the Union’s marine and terrestrial areas, and of strictly protecting at least 10 % of these areas, including primary and old-growth forests, if ecologically, socially and economically possible; stresses that these should be binding and implemented by Member States in accordance with science-based criteria and biodiversity needs; stresses that, in addition to increasing the number of protected areas, the quality of protected areas should be ensured and clear conservation plans implemented;
2021/02/22
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 282 #

2020/2273(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4 a (new)
4a. Stresses that, instead of area- related targets, Member States should establish and monitor the fulfilment of qualitative criteria in protected areas, so that the end results are as good as possible from a qualitative point of view, i.e. in terms of biodiversity;
2021/02/22
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 293 #

2020/2273(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 9 a (new)
9a. Urges the European Union to set the same requirements for EU imports, in terms of the reduction in the use of chemical pesticides and plant protection products and tools, as for products from within the EU, so that European farmers are not at a disadvantage;
2021/01/21
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 348 #

2020/2273(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5
5. WelcomesTakes a neutral view of the upcoming legislative proposal on the EU Nature Restoration Plan and reiterates its call for a general restoration target of at least 30 % of the EU’s land and seas, which should be implemented by each Member State consistently throughout their territortaking into account the three pillars of sustainability, the special conditions in the Member States and their sovereign competence in the matter of forestry policy; considers that in addition to an overall restoration target, ecosystem- specific targets should be set, with a particular emphasis on ecosystems for the dual purposes of biodiversity restoration and climate change mitigation and adaptation; stresses that after restoration, no ecosystem degradation should be allowed;
2021/02/22
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 521 #

2020/2273(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 10
10. Expresses its support for the 2030 targets of bringing at least 25 % of agricultural land under organic farm management, which should become the norm in the long term, if the same requirement is set for EU imports, so that European farmers are not placed at a disadvantage, and ensuring that at least 10 % of agricultural land consists of high- diversity landscape features, which should be implemented at farm level, targets which should both be incorporated into EU legislation; considers it imperative that farmers receive support and training in the transition towards agroecological practices;
2021/02/22
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 608 #

2020/2273(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 12
12. Insists that priority for protected areas must be environmental conservation and restoration, which should also cover sustainable forestry, and that no activity in these areas should undermine this goal; insists, however, that tourism, hunting and any other recreational use of forests should also be permitted in strictly protected areas; calls on the Commission to avoid future marine renewable energy developments and bottom-trawling fishing within Marine Protected Areas;
2021/02/22
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 630 #

2020/2273(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 12 a (new)
12a. Stresses that the definitions and criteria for the sustainable use of forests and their restoration must be established while respecting the Forest Europe process and only made legally binding if voluntary action brings no result;
2021/02/22
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 739 #

2020/2273(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 16 a (new)
16a. Emphasises the critical role of the bioeconomy in tackling climate change in an economically and socially sustainable way;
2021/02/22
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 609 #

2020/2260(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 2
2. Welcomes the announcement of an impact-assessed proposal for a legislative framework for sustainable food systems; invites the Commission to use this proposal to set out a holistic common food policy aimed at reducing the environmental and climate footprint of the EU food system in order to make Europe the first climate- neutral continent by 2050 and strengthen its resilienceregrets the absence of a comprehensive impact assessment of the Strategy and calls on the Commission to carry one out; invites the Commission to use this proposal to set out a holistic common food policy aimed to ensure food security in the face of climate change and biodiversity loss, leading a global transition towards sustainability from farm to fork, based on the principle of a multifunctional agricultural sector while ensuring consistency between policies by taking into account the existing legislation in order to enable all actors in the European food system to develop long-term plans based on realistic and transparent objectives; suggests that the respective base lines and progress achieved in each Member State be taken into account, while promoting the exchange of know-how and best practices between Member States; stresses the need to include the entire food and beverage chains including processing, marketing, distribution and retail;
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 737 #

2020/2260(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 3
3. Welcomes the decision to revise the directive on the sustainable use of pesticides and the reduction targets for pesticides, fertilisers, and antibiotics; emphasises the importance of pursuing these targets through holistic and circular approaches, such as agroecological practices; insists that each Member State should establish robust quantitative reduction targets, accompanied by well- defined support measures ensuring accountability at all levels to help reach these targets; reiterates its call for the translation into legislation of the above targets and objectives and calls on the Commission to clarify how it will deal with individual Member States’ contributions to Union-wide targets and to clarify the baselines for these targets; whilst taking into account different starting points of Member States and setting more ambitious targets for those Member States who have not made enough progress until now; underlines that targets for each Member State must be set based on the national average values;
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 889 #

2020/2260(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4
4. Emphasises the importance of recognising the significant impact of agriculture and especially animal production on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and land use; stresses the need to enhance natural carbon sinks and reduce agricultural emissions of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide, in particular in the feed and livestock sectors; calls for regulatory measures and targets to ensure progressive reductions in all GHG emissions in these sectors;deleted
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 965 #

2020/2260(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4 a (new)
4a. Recalls that the balance of plant and animal production is necessary in order to meet new environmental targets, as this will ensure the quality and sufficient amount of nutrients and organic matter in soils in the EU, and will help to improve biodiversity;
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 999 #

2020/2260(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5
5. Points out that extensive and permanent grassland-based or organic animal husbandry is a feature of the European food system and a defining element of many traditional rural communities, and that it has multiple positive effects for the environment and against climate change, and contributes to a circular economy;
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 1109 #

2020/2260(INI)

6. Welcomes the notion of rewarding carbon sequestration in soils; stresses, however, that intensive and industrial agriculture and farming models with negative impacts on biodiversity should not receive climate funding or be incentivisregardless of the type or the size of the farm all sustainable practices such as precision farming, applied research and development, or new carbon sequestration technologies should be incentivised and supported; calls for the proposals to be in line with the environmental objectives and the ‘do no harm’ principle of the Green Deal;
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 1263 #

2020/2260(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 8
8. Calls for CAP National Strategic Plans to ensure adequate financial support and incentives to promote new ecological ‘green’sustainable business models for agriculture and artisanal food production, notably through fostering short supply chains and quality food production;
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 1471 #

2020/2260(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 13
13. Urges the Commission to follow up on Directive (EU) 2019/633 on unfair trading practices22 and the EU code of conduct on responsible business and marketing practices by producing a monitoring framework for the food and retail sectors and providing for legal action if progress in integrating economic, environmental and social sustainability into corporate strategies is insufficient, and in so doing promoting and rewarding the efforts of sustainable agricultural producers while increasing the availability and affordability of healthy, sustainable food options and reducing the overall environmental footprint of the food systemby producing a monitoring framework for the food and retail sectors; stresses the importance of halting and addressing consolidation and concentration in the grocery retail sector, including retail alliances, in order to ensure fair prices for farmers; _________________ 22 OJ L 111, 25.4.2019, p. 59.
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 1737 #

2020/2260(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 17
17. Welcomes the Commission’s commitment to revise the EU legislation on food contact materials (FCM); reiterates its call to revise the legislation on FCM in line with the regulation on the registration, evaluation, authorisation and restriction of chemicals (REACH), as well as classification, labelling and packaging regulations, and to insert, without further delay, specific provisions to substitute endocrine disrupting chemicals (based on scientifically proven methods);
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 1760 #

2020/2260(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 18
18. Welcomes the fact that the strategy rightly recognises the role and influence of the food environment in shaping consumption patterns and the need to make it easier for consumers to choose healthy and sustainable diets; reiterates the importance of promoting sustainable diets by raising consumer awareness of the impacts of consumption patterns and providing information on diets that are better for human health and have a lower environmental footprint; underlines that food prices must send the right signal to consumers; welcomes, therefore, the strategy’s objective that the healthy and sustainable choice should become the most affordable one;
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 1823 #

2020/2260(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 19
19. Reaffirms its belief that policy measures that are dependent solely on consumer choice unduly shift the responsibility to purchase sustainable products to consumers; notes that third- party certification and labelling alone are not effective in ensuring sustainable production and consumption;deleted
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 1856 #

2020/2260(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 20
20. Highlights the recognition in the strategy that Europeans’ diets are not in line with recommendations for healthy eating, and that a population-wide shift in consumption patterns is needed towards more healthy and plant-based foods and less red and processed meat, sugars, salt, and fats, which will also benefit the environment; emphasises that EU-wide guidelines for sustainable and healthy diets would bring clarity to consuCalls on the Commission to respect national dietary guidelines, specifics, and traditions when it comers on what constitutes a healthy and sustainable diet and inform Member States’ own efforts to integrate sustainability elements in national dietary advice; calls on the Commission to develop such guidelines and specific actions to effectively promote healthy plant-based dietsto healthy and balanced nutrition;
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 1939 #

2020/2260(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 21
21. Considers that the further development of plant protein production and alternative sources of protein in the EU is a way of effectively addressing many of the environmental and climate challenges that EU agriculture is facing, as well as preventing deforestation in countries outside the EU;
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 2033 #

2020/2260(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 23
23. Reiterates its call to take the measures required to achieve a Union food waste reduction target of 30 % by 2025 and 50 % by 2030 compared to the 2014 baseline; underlines that binding targets are needed to achieve this; bearing in mind that relevant statistical data to set up the reduction targets will be available in 2023;
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 2233 #

2020/2260(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 26
26. Recalls the global responsibility of European food systems and their key role in contributing to the world food production and in setting global standards for food safety, environmental protection and animal welfare; calls on the Commission and the Member States to ensure that all food and feed products imported to the EU fully meet relevant EU regulations and standards and to provide development assistance to support primary producers from developing countries in meeting those standards; welcomes the Commission’s intention to take the environmental impacts of requested import tolerances into account;
2021/02/18
Committee: ENVIAGRI
Amendment 55 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
The European Parliament rejects the Commission proposal.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 58 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a REGULATIONDIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL establishing the framework for achieving climate neutrality and amending Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 (European Climate Law rational environmental policy in the wake of the Corona crisis (The change from Regulation to Directive applies throughout the text. Adopting this amendment it will necessitate corresponding changes throughout.)
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 60 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital -1 (new)
(-1) The Corona crisis has led to a global emergency and an economic recession of an unprecedented scale. At this stage, it is not possible to make a reasonable estimate of the actual extent of the corona crisis on the individual Member States and their economies. Therefore, the EU Member States and the EU institutions must review, question and, if necessary, adapt all existing policies. This also includes the environmental policy of the EU Member States and the EU institutions, currently known as “climate policy” which is operating with model-based worst-case scenarios in the far future. It is imperative to return to a rational environmental policy which, in harmony with respect for nature, ensures economic development, innovation and prosperity and guarantees citizens employment, security of supply and health. In this context, it should be borne in mind that in the EU Member States with their advanced economies to date the air and soil and water and food quality are better than they have been in centuries and life expectancy has risen continuously.20a A people-centred rational environmental policy is maintaining and not destroying the framework for a social market economy that guarantees free entrepreneurship, competition and innovation. Accordingly, the project, originally entitled “European Climate Change Act”, will be renamed “Directive establishing the framework for a rational environmental policy in the wake of the Corona crisis” and the objectives will be adapted as outlined below. _________________ 20a According to Eurostat, life expectancy in the EU Member States (EU-27) between 2002 and 2018 increased from 77.7 years to 81 years.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 62 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 1
(1) The Commission has, in its Communication of 11 December 2019 entitled ‘The European Green Deal’19 , set out, in its own view, a new growth strategy that aims to transform the Union into a fair and prosperous society, with a modern, resource-efficient and competitive economy, where there are no net emissions of greenhouse gases in 2050 and where economic growth is decoupled from resource use. It also aims to protect, conserve and enhance the Union’s natural capital, and protect the health and well- being of citizens from environment-related risks and impacts. At the same time, this transition must be just and inclusive, leaving no one behind. _________________ 19 Commission Communication - The European Green Deal, COM(2019) 640 final of 11 December 2019. However, the Commission´s strategy has to be reassessed. In the Commission’s Communications COM(2019)285 of 18 June 2019 and COM(2020)21 of 14 January 2020, the Commission itself stated that, according to the Paris Agreement, achieving the targets by 2030 would require an additional investment of 260 billion euros per year20a, while a tightening of the targets in the sense of the so-called “Green Deal” would even require more investments as follows: “The plan announced in the European Green Deal to raise the EU’s greenhouse gas emission reductions target further for 2030 will translate into even bigger investment needs. The in-depth analysis in support of the Commission’s long-term strategic vision for an EU climate-neutral economy already indicated that the transformation to a low carbon economy may require additional investments of up to 2% of GDP by 2040. This may need to be advanced to achieve a higher ambition already by 2030.”21a Furthermore, the Commission estimates that the economic output of the EU Member States will fall by at least 7% in 2020 as a result of the corona crisis22a . Considering the own assessments of the Commission, it is clear that the current “climate policy” would get completely out of hand financially. Furthermore, the Commission aims to protect, conserve and enhance the Union’s natural capital, and protect the health and well-being of citizens from environment- related risks and impacts. _________________ 19 Commission Communication - The European Green Deal, COM(2019) 640 final of 11 December 2019. 20aCommission Communication - United in delivering the Energy Union and Climate Action - Setting the foundations for a successful clean energy transition, COM(2019)285 of 18 June 2019 and Commission Communication - Sustainable Europe Investment Plan/Green Deal Investment Plan, COM(2020) 21 of 14 January 2020 21a Commission Communication - Sustainable Europe Investment Plan/Green Deal Investment Plan, COM(2020) 21 of 14 January 2020 22aEuropean Economic Forecast, Spring 2020
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 78 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 2
(2) TIt is important to underline that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) is moved by its own political agenda. This can be seen, for example, in the IPCC´s Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways.20 provides a strong scientific basis for tackling climate change and illustrates the need to step up climate action. It confirms that greenhouse gas emissions need to be urgently reduced, and that climate change needs to be limited to 1.5 °C, in particular to reduce the likelihood of extreme weather events.According to this report, greenhouse gas emissions need to be urgently reduced in order to limit temperature increase to 1.5 °C, and to reduce the likelihood of extreme weather events. These conclusions have been questioned by the European Climate Declaration from 18 October 2019, signed by over 500 scientists21a, who do not see a climate emergency such as that declared by the European Parliament on 28 November 2019.22a The Intergovernmental Science- Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services’ (IPBES) 2019 Global Assessment Report21 showedin turn, notes worldwide erosion of biodiversity, witaccording to which climate change ais the third most important driver of biodiversity loss.22 _________________ 20IPCC, 2018: Global Warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre- industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, H.-O. Pörtner, D. Roberts, J. Skea, P.R. Shukla, A. Pirani, W. Moufouma- Okia, C. Péan, R. Pidcock, S. Connors, J.B.R. Matthews, Y. Chen, X. Zhou, M.I. Gomis, E. Lonnoy, T. Maycock, M. Tignor, and T. Waterfield (eds.)]. 21IPBES 2019: Global Assessment on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. 21ahttps://clintel.nl/wp- content/uploads/2019/10/European- Climate-Declaration-Oslo-18-October- 2019.pdf 22European Environment Agency’s The European environment – state and outlook 2020 (Luxembourg: Publication Office of the EU, 2019). 22aEuropean Parliament resolution of 28 November 2019 on the climate and environment emergency (2019/2930(RSP))
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 87 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 2 a (new)
(2a) The Kaya´s equation, used by IPCC to assess the Evolution of CO2 emissions, shows clearly that CO2 emissions depend on average living standards, energy intensity of GDP and CO2 content of energy. It is not realistic to rely only on reducing energy intensity or CO2 content of energy to reach a so- called “climate neutrality”, meaning that this target would request a huge reduction of GDP.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 89 #

2020/0036(COD)

(3) A fixed long-term objective is crucial to contribute to economic and societal transformation, jobs, growth, and the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, as well as to move in a fair and cost-effective manner towards the temperature goal of the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change following the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (the ‘Paris Agreement’).deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 100 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 4
(4) The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (the ´Paris Agreement´) was signed by the EU Member States and the EU as a supranational organisation and, as a result of this and the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) submitted in this context, it has a binding force which is reflected inter alia in Regulation EU 2018/1999. The Paris Agreement sets out a long-term goal to keep the global temperature increase to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to keep it to 1.5 °C above pre- industrial levels23 , and stresses the importance of adapting to the adverse impacts of climate change24 and making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards lowdespite the ongoing scientific debate involving different views of the causes of climate change. The Paris Agreement’s requirement to use financial flows to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reconcile them with climate-resiliestant development25 . _________________ 23 Article 2.1.a of the Paris Agreement. 24must be replaced by a rational environmental policy based in particular on adaptation to climate change, which has been going on for millions of years. _________________ 23 Article 2.1.ba of the Paris Agreement. 25 Article 2.1.c of the Paris Agreement.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 111 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 5
(5) The Union’s and the Member States’ climate action aims to protect people and the planet, welfare, prosperity, health, food systems,Member States’ and Union´s so called climate action so far is based on the assumption, that it is possible to “protect” the climate, often confusing or equating the intlegrity of eco- systems and biodiversity against imate and necessary action against environmental pollution withe threat of climate change, in the cone ‘protection’ of the climate. This action should aim to protexct of the 2030 agendasociety, people, health, forod suystainable development and in pursuems, the integrity of the objectives of the Paris Agreement, and to maximize prosperity within the planetary boundaries and to increase resilience and reduce vulnerability of societyeco-systems and biodiversity, through the dissemination of welfare, prosperity and economic development, by increasing their capacities of adaptation to climate change.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 127 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 6
(6) Achieving climate neutrality should require a contribution from all economic sectors. In light of the importance of energy production and consumption on greenhouse gas emissions, the transition to a sustainable, affordable and secure energy system relying on a well-functioning internal energy market is essentialresilience should be a goal for all Member States. The digital transformation, technological innovation, and research and development are also important drivers for achieving the climate-neutralityresilience objective.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 148 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 7
(7) The Union has been pursuing an ambitious policy on climate action and hasMember States and the Union have put in place a regulatory framework to achieve its 2030 greenhouse gas emission reduction target, based on the commitments made under the Paris Agreement. The legislation implementing this target consists, inter alia, of Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council26 , which establishes an inefficient and bureaucratic system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Union, Regulation (EU) 2018/842 of the European Parliament and of the Council27 , which introduced national targets for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, and Regulation (EU) 2018/841 of the European Parliament and of the Council28 , which requires Member States to balance greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry and is based exclusively on the hitherto scientifically completely unproven assumption that CO2 is the sole driver of so-called global warming. _________________ 26Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 2003 establishing a system for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Union and amending Council Directive 96/61/EC (OJ L 275 of 25 October 2003, p. 32). 27Regulation (EU) 2018/842 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions by Member States from 2021 to 2030 contributing to climate action to meet commitments under the Paris Agreement and amending Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 (OJ L 156, 19.6.2018, p. 26). 28 Regulation (EU) 2018/841 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 May 2018 on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry in the 2030 climate and energy framework, and amending Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 and Decision No 529/2013/EU (OJ L 156, 19.6.2018, p. 1).
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 154 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 8
(8) In addition, the Commission has, in its Communication of 28 November of 2018 entitled ‘A Clean Planet for all: A European strategic long-term vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate-neutral economy’, presented a vision for achieving net-zero greenhouse gas emissions in the Union by 2050 through a socially-fair and cost-efficient transition.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 163 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 9
(9) The Union has, throughOther recent measures in this context include the ‘Clean Energy for All Europeans’ package29 been pursuing an ambitious, which pursues a so- called decarbonisation agenda notably by constructing a robust Energy Union, which includes 2030 goals for energy efficiency and deployment of renewable energy in Directives 2012/27/EU30 and (EU) 2018/200131 of the European Parliament and of the Council, and by reinforcing relevant legislation, including Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council32 . _________________ 29COM(2016) 860 final of 30 November 2016. 30Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC (OJ L 315, 14.11.2012, p. 1) 31Directive (EU) 2018/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (OJ L 328, 21.12.2018, p. 82). 32Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (OJ L 153, 18.6.2010, p. 13).
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 165 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 10
(10) The Union iembodied through the Commission wants to see itself as a global leader in the transition towards climate neutrality, and states wherever possible that it is determined to help raise global ambition and to strengthen the global response to climate change, using all tools at its disposal, including climate diplomacy. But until now, the Union is indeed the most advanced power in the process of self-destruction of its economy, leading to an irreversible loss of competitiveness at a global level as just recently shown during the COVID-19 crisis.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 179 #

2020/0036(COD)

(11) The European Parliament has called for the necessarya transition to a supposedly “climate- neutral society to be achieved by 2050 at the latest and for this to be made intobecome a European success story33 and has declared a climate and environment emergency34 in an excessive ideological manner.34In retrospect, and particularly with regard to the Corona crisis, the European Parliament was unpleasantly reminded by reality of what the real crises are made of. The European Council, in its Conclusions of 12 December 201935 , has agreed on the objective of achieving a climate-neutral Union by 2050, in line with the objectives of the Paris Agreement, while also recognemphasising that it is supposed to be necessary to put in place an enabling framework and that the transition will require significant public and private investment, worth several GDP points each and every year. The European Council also invited the Commission to prepare a proposal for the Union’s long- term strategy as early as possible in 2020 with a view to its adoption by the Council and its submission to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Since this call, the COVID-19 crisis led to a postponement of the COP 26 by one year and the EU´s GDP is expected to decrease as never in EU history. This is not the only reason why the Council should have the opportunity to reconsider its decision. Moreover, the current target to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 was previously unanimously endorsed by the European Council. Given the parallelism of forms, it would have been appropriate for the European Council also to have previously approved an increase in the level of ambition by 2030 before it is presented as a legislative proposal under the ordinary legislative procedure. _________________ 33European Parliament resolution of 15 January 2020 on the European Green Deal (2019/2956(RSP)). 34European Parliament resolution of 28 November 2019 on the climate and environment emergency (2019/2930(RSP)). 35 Conclusions adopted by the European Council at its meeting on 12 December 2019, EUCO 29/19, CO EUR 31, CONCL 9.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 200 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 12
(12) TAccording to the ideas of the Commission, the Union should aim to achieve a balance between anthropogenic economy- wide emissions and removals, through natural and technological solutions, of greenhouse gases domestically within the Union by 2050. The Union-wide 2050 climate-neutrality objective should be pursued by all Member States collectively, and the Member States, the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission should take the necessary measures to enable. Realistically, this could be done, if at all, within the Union not before 2050. In particular, the so-called technical solutions, i.e. CO2 capture and storage, are at best in the pilot stage; the process itself its achievement. Measures at Union level will constitute an importanexcessively energy- intensive and thus produces precisely the greenhouse gases that part of the measures needed to achieve the objectivee to be avoided, and is therefore highly uneconomic.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 218 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 13
(13) The Union should continue its climate actGiven that, as a result of ongoing scientific discussions and internatithe Coronal climate leadership after 2050, in order to protect people and the planet against the threat of dangerous climate change, in pursuit of the temperature goals set out in the Paris Agreement and following the scientific recommendations of thrisis, the targets for 2030 and the goal of so-called “climate neutrality” by 2050 already need to be reassessed, the Commission’s original intention to pursue the same policy beyond 2050 as before and, as the forerunner of this questionable policy, to convince all States and governments of the world to do likewise, is to be questioned. Most important is a scientific basis for future decisions in the field of environmental policy, whereby the so-called Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) can at best have an advisory role in policy-making, as its name already suggests.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 238 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 14
(14) Adaptation is a key component of the long-term global response to climate change. Therefore, Member States and the Union should enhance their adaptive capacity, strengthen resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate change, as provided for in Article 7 of the Paris Agreement, as well as maximise the co- benefits with other environmental policies and legislation. Member States should adevelopt comprehensive national adaptation strategies and plans.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 259 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 15
(15) In taking the relevant measures at Union and national level to achieve the climate-neutrality objectiin order to protect the environment and to adapt to climate change at national and Union level, Member States and the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission should take into account the contribution of the transition to climate neutrality tosocio-economic aftermath of the Corona crisis in the medium and long term; the well- being of citizens, the prosperity of society and the competitiveness of the economy; energy and food security and affordability; fairness and solidarity across and within Member States considering their economic capability, national circumstances and the need for convergence over time; the need topreservation of the social marke the transition just and socially fair; best available scientific evidence, in particular the findings reported by the IPCCt economy; respect for the principles of national sovereignty and subsidiarity; respect for obligations under the common internal market; best available scientific evidence; the need to integrate climate change related risks into investment and planning decisions; cost- effectiveness and technological neutrality in achieving greenhouse gas emissions reductions and removals and increasing resilience; progression over time in environmental integrity and level of ambitionthe sense of a rational environmental policy.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 261 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 16
(16) The transition to climate neutrality requires changes across the entire policy spectrum and a collective effort of all sectors of the economy and society, as illustrated by the Commission inAs described above, the Commission published on 11 December 2019 its Communication ‘The European Green Deal’. The European Council, in its Conclusions of 12 December 2019, stated that all relevant Union legislation and policies need toshould be consistent with, and contribute to, the fulfilment of the climate- neutrality objective while respecting a level playing field, and invited the Commission to examine whether this requires an adjustment of the existing rules. In the view of the Corona crisis, which showed clearly, what a real emergency is, both the European Council and the European Commission are called upon to examine their objectives on the basis of these new findings. Accordingly, the EU Member States and the Union are called upon to reassess their commitments made under the Paris Agreement and, if necessary, adapt the respective conclusions and legislation in the spirit of a rational environmental policy and not a misleading climate policy. This includes especially the European Council Conclusions of 23/24 October 2014 and of 17/18 March 2016 (setting 2030 targets) and of 12 December 2019 (setting a “climate neutrality” target by 2050) as well as the EU legislation mentioned above in recitals 7-9. Contradictory to that it should be pointed out that the European Central Bank´s Quantitative Easing Corporate Sector Purchase Program (CSPP) so far has been mainly used to fund carbon-intensive activities, in complete contrast to the supposedly earth saving climate policy of the Commission.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 275 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 17
(17) The Commission, in its Communication ‘The European Green Deal’, announced its intention to assess and make proposals for increasing the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction target for 2030 to ensure its consistency with the climate-neutrality objective for 2050. In that Communication,Anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases are inextricably linked to economic activities, as evidenced by the fact that from the post-war period until today there has been an almost continuous increase in global CO2 emissions, which was temporarily interrupted in connection with the recession caused by the economic crisis of 2007-2008. As is the case in the COVID-19 pandemic, which is likely to trigger the most severe recession spiral since the Great Depression. It is economic prosperity that enables a society to practice environmental protection for the benefit of all. Therefore, the above- mentioned Communication has obviously not considered the importance of economic growth as a prerequisite for a rational environmental policy and social welfare in a proper manner. Both the increase in the reduction target for greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 and the goal of so-called “climate neutrality” by 2050 have to be reassessed. On the contrary the Commission underlined that all Union policies should contribute to the climate-neutrality objective and that all sectors should play their part, which, according to current knowledge, would in fact lead to the destruction of all energy- intensive economic sectors. By September 2020, the Commission should, based on a comprehensive impact assessment and taking into account its analysis of the integrated national energy and climate plans submitted to the Commission in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council36 , review the Union’s 2030 target for climate and explore options for a new 2030 target of 50 to 55 % emission reductions compared with 1990 levels. Where it considers necessary to amend the Union’s 2030 target, it should make proposals to the European Parliament and to the Council to amend this Regulation as appropriate. In addition, the Commission should, by 30 June 2021, assess how the Union legislation implementing that target would need to be amended in order to achieve emission reductions of 50 to 55 % compared to 1990. in the spirit of a rational environmental policy. This impact assessment should be the starting point for all further discussions. All legislative initiatives must be subordinated to this, if one does not want to risk to be accused to merely create ideologically based legal facts. _________________ 36Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 on the Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action, amending Regulations (EC) No 663/2009 and (EC) No 715/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council, Directives 94/22/EC, 98/70/EC, 2009/31/EC, 2009/73/EC, 2010/31/EU, 2012/27/EU and 2013/30/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council, Council Directives 2009/119/EC and (EU) 2015/652 and repealing Regulation (EU) No 525/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (OJ L 328, 21.12.2018, p. 1).
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 299 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 18
(18) To ensure the Union and the Member States remain on track to achieve the climate-neutrality objective and progress on adaptation, the Commission should regularly assess progress. Should the collective progress made by Member States towards the achievement of the climate-neutrality objective or on adaptation be insufficient or Union measures inconsistent with the climate- neutrality objective or inadequate to enhance adaptive capacity, strengthen resilience or reduce vulnerability, the Commission should take the necessary measures in accordance with the Treaties. The Commission should also regularly assess relevant national measures, and issue recommendations where it fihe Commission, as an executing authority, respecting subsidiarity and proportionality, is permitted to draw up an overview of the policies of the EU Member States in the sense of a rational environmental policy ands that a Member State’s measures are inconsistent with the climate-neutrality objective or inadequate to enhance adaptive capacity, strengthen resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate changeo comment on them in the sense of non-binding recommendations.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 319 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 19
(19) The Commission should ensure a robust and objective assessment based on the most up to date scientific, technical and socio-economic findings, and representative of a broad range of independent expertise, and base its assessment on relevant information including information submitted and reported by Member States, reports of the European Environment Agency, best available scientific evidence, including the reports of the IPCC. Given that the Commission ha. The Commission has already given its committedment to exploring how the EU taxonomy can be used in the context of the European Green Deal by the public sector, this should include information on environmentally sustainable investment, by the Union and Member States, consistent with Regulation (EU) 2020/… [Taxonomy Regulation] when such information becomes availablehas to be adapted to the goal of a rational environmental policy. The Commission should use European statistics and data where available and seek expert scrutiny. The European Environment Agency should assist the Commission, as appropriate and in accordance with its annual work programmethe guideline of a rational environmental policy.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 331 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 20
(20) As citizens and communities have a powerful role to play in driving the transformation towards climate neutrality forward, strong public and social engagement on climate action should be facilitated. The Commission should therefore engage with all parts of society to enable and empower them to take action towards a climate-neutral and climate-resilient society, including through launching a European Climate Pact. The democratic rights of the European citizens are best represented by the national Parliaments in their individual Member States, legitimised by them in democratic elections. The Commission’s idea of indoctrinating the citizens over the heads of the Parliaments in an ideological way with regard to the climate policy it wishes to pursue must be rigorously opposed. It is the citizens and communities who will be the first to suffer the socio-economic consequences of this unprecedented transformation of a free society of empowered citizens into a so- called “climate-neutral” society of prohibition. The Commission’s intention to promote a strong public and social commitment to ‘climate protection’ must be rejected, as it contradicts a sensible environmental policy.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 352 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 21
(21) In order to provide predictability and confidence for all economic actors, including businesses, workers, investors and consumers, to ensure that the transition towards climate neutrality is irreversible, to ensure gradual reduction over time and to assist in the assessment of the consistency of measures and progrhe current ideologically based so-called “climate policy” must be transformed into a rational environmental policy. This is primarily the responsibility of the EU Member Statess, with the climate-neutrality objective,hich can coordinate their power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission to set out a trajectory for achievlicies at EU level as required, without an EU institution unduly attempting to usurp competences that are ing net zero greenhouse gas emissions in the Union by 2050. It is of particular importance thato way covered by the Lisbon Treaties. In order to promote a rational environmental policy, the Commission may carriesy out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level, and that those consultations be conducted in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making37 . In particular, to ensure equal participation in the preparation of delegated acts, the European Parliament and the Council receive all documents at the same time as Member States’ experts, and their experts systematically have access to meetings of Commission expert groups dealing with the preparation of delegated acts. _________________ 37 OJ L 123, 12.5.2016, p. 1.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 365 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 22
(22) In line with the Commission’s commitment to the principles on Better Law-Making, coherence of the Union instruments as regards greenhouse gas emissions reductions should be sought. The system of measuring the progress towards the achievement of the climate- neutrality objective as well as the consistency of measures taken with that objective should build upon and be consistent with the governance framework laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/1999. In particular, the system of reporting on a regular basis and the sequencing of the Commission’s assessment and actions on the basis of the reporting should be aNot only in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic and its currently not assessable effects, the governance framework laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 need to be reviewed and, where necessary, amended in ligned to the requirements to submit information and provide reports by Member States laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/1999. Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 should therefore be amended in order to include the climate-neutrality objective in the relevant provisions with the principles of a rational environmental policy, subject to new conclusions from the European Council.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 367 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Recital 23
(23) Climate change is by definition a trans-boundary challenge and a coordinated action at Union level is needed to effectively supplement and reinforce national policies. Since the objectives of this Regulation, namely to achieve climate neutrality in the Union by 2050, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States alone, but can rather, by reason of the scale and effects, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity as set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary to achieve those objectives,The Member States have the primary competence to formulate a rational environmental policy. They can voluntarily coordinate their policies at EU level if necessary. The principle of subsidiarity must be respected. This concerns also the national parliamentary scrutiny according to articles 5(3) and 12(b) TEU.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 380 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 1 – paragraph 1
This Regulation establishes a framework for the irreversible and gradual reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and enhancement of removals by natural or other sinks in the UnionDirective aims to promote the necessary transition to a rational environmental policy. To this end, the EU Member States and the EU institutions must review, question and, if necessary, adapt all existing policies. When taking measures to protect the environment and adapt to climate change at national and Union level, Member States and the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission should pay particular attention to the medium and long-term socio-economic consequences of the Corona crisis, the well-being of citizens, the prosperity of society and the competitiveness of the economy.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 393 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 1 – paragraph 2
This Regulation sets out a binding objective of climate neutrality in the Union by 2050 in pursuit of the long-term temperature goal set out in Article 2 of the Paris Agreement, and provides a framework for achieving progress in pursuit of the global adaptation goal established in Article 7 of the Paris Agreement.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 406 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 1 – paragraph 3
This Regulation applies to anthropogenic emissions and removals by natural or other sinks of the greenhouse gases listed in Part 2 of Annex V to Regulation (EU) 2018/1999.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 418 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – title
2 Climate-neutralitReassessment of environmental and climate policy objectives
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 423 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 1
1. Union-wide emissions and removals of greenhouse gases regulated in Union law shall be balanced at the latest by 2050, thus reducing emissions to net zero by that date. The policies of the EU Member States and the EU institutions have for some time now been focused merely on the highest conceivable reduction of greenhouse gases within the framework of a “climate policy” that can be described as essentially ideological, which shall primarily be achieved through economic intervention in the free market economy and a policy of prohibition. The focus is shifting more and more towards spectacular reduction targets that can neither be scientifically substantiated nor take into account the economic premises necessary for protective measures of any kind. Environmental protection is only possible in a free society that provides the technical innovative power and the necessary economic performance to make this feasible. More and more often, not even ecological considerations are given the necessary space; for example, when the environmental damage caused by the mining of resources for batteries to pursue renewable energy production, which up to now has been promoted by politics, is shifted to non-European countries. It is therefore essential, not only in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic which is putting an unprecedented pressure on our economy, that the EU institutions and their Member States review, question and, where necessary, adapt all existing policies. This includes in particular the EU regulations mentioned above, namely Directive 2003/87/EC (greenhouse gas emission allowance trading), Regulation(EU) 2018/842 (national targets for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions), Regulation (EU) 2018/841 (compensation of greenhouse gases) and Regulation (EU)2018/1999 (governance system for the Energy Union and climate protection), but also, downstream, Directive 2012/27/EU (energy efficiency), Directive (EU)2018/2001 (use of renewable energies) and Directive 2010/31/EU (building efficiency) and, if necessary, other EU regulations. Adaptation to ongoing natural climate change, the causes of which must be further researched by independent scientists, must be at the heart of future policy.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 445 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 2
2. The relevant Union institutions and the Member States shall take the necessary measures at Union andor national level respectively, to enable the collective achievement of the climate-neutralityin accordance with the principle of subsidiarity, to enable the objectives set out in paragraph 1 to be achieved jointly, taking into account the importance of promoting fairness and solidarity among Member Statesbetween Member States. In addition, EU Member States shall be called upon to reassess their commitments under the Paris Agreement.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 474 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 3
3. By September 20201, the Commission shall review the Union’s 2030 target for climate referred to in Article 2(11) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 in lightview of the climate-neutrality objective set out in Article 2(1), and explore options for a new 2030 target of 50 to 55% emission reductions compared to 1990. Where the Commission considers that itreassessment set out in Article 2(1). Furthermore, the Commission should examine the extent to which Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 is affecting the economies of the EU Member States and, isf necessary to amend that target, it shall make proposals to the European Parliament, draw up proposals to adapt this Regulation so that the Member States, while respecting their sovereignty, can once again, take measures to implement a rational environmental policy that protects the environment for people, safeguards their health and ato the Council as appropriatesame time enables economic development.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 487 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 2 – paragraph 4
4. By 30 June 2021, the Commission shall assess how the Union legislation implementing the Union’s 2030 target would need to be amended in order to enable the achievement of 50 to 55 % emission reductions compared to 1990 and to achieve the climate-neutrality- objective set out in Article 2(1), and consider taking the necessary measures, including the adoption of legislative proposals, in accordance with the Treaties.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 536 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – title
3 Trajectory for achieving climate neutralityDelegated legislation
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 540 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 1
1. The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9 to supplement this Regulation by setting out a trajectory at Union level to achieve the climate-neutrality objective set out in Article 2(1) until 2050. At the latest within six months after each global stocktake referred to in Article 14 of the Paris Agreement, the Commission shall review the trajectoryIrrespective of the policy field, it must be understood that any inappropriate request by an EU institution to usurp competences beyond those laid down in the Treaties must be rejected in the strongest terms. Specifically, this includes the Commission’s request that it be given the power to impose decisions of a fundamental nature by means of delegated legislation, to which Parliament and the Council would only have a right of objection retrospectively. Such a request from an executive authority that is largely made up of unelected officials and therefore lacks sufficient democratic legitimacy is unacceptable, whatever the subject matter. Rather, decisions of a fundamental nature, such as the setting of possible emission reduction targets for 2030 or beyond, are the sole responsibility of the EU Member States and thus at EU level of the European Council.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 549 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 1
1. The Commission is empowered to adopt delego supplement this regulation, the member stateds acts in accordance with Article 9 to supplement this Regulation bnd the European parliament may setting out a trajectory by using ordinary legislative procedure at Union level to achieve the climate- neutrality objective set out in Article 2(1) until 2050. At the latest within six months after each global stocktake referred to in Article 14 of the Paris Agreement, the Commission shall review the trajectory and can make a new legislative proposal to amend the regulation.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 561 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 2
2. The trajectory shall start from the Union’s 2030 target for climate referred to in Article 2(3).deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 569 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 3
3. When setting a trajectory in accordance with paragraph 1, the Commission shall consider the following: (a) cost-effectiveness and economic efficiency; (b) competiveness of the Union’s economy; (c) best available technology; (d) energy efficiency, energy affordability and security of supply; (e) fairness and solidarity between and within Member States; (f) the need to ensure environmental effectiveness and progression over time; (g) investment needs and opportunities; (h) the need to ensure a just and socially fair transition; (i) international developments and efforts undertaken to achieve the long-term objectives of the Paris Agreement and the ultimate objective of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; (j) the best available and most recent scientific evidence, including the latest reports of the IPCC.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 576 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 3 – introductory part
3. When settproposing a trajectory in accordance with paragraph 1, the Commission shall consider the following:
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 581 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point a
(a) cost-effectiveness and economic efficiency;deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 602 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point b
(b) competiveness of the Union’s economy;deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 621 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point c
(c) best availabdele technology;d
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 632 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point d
(d) energy efficiency, energy affordability and security of supply;deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 656 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point e
(e) fairness and solidarity between and within Member States;deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 663 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point f
(f) the need to ensure environmental effectiveness and progression over time;deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 675 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point g
(g) investment needs and opportunities;deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 686 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point h
(h) the need to ensure a just and socially fair transition;deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 694 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point i
(i) international developments and efforts undertaken to achieve the long- term objectives of the Paris Agreement and the ultimate objective of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change;deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 704 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 3 – paragraph 3 – point j
(j) the best available and most recent scientific evidence, including the latest reports of the IPCC.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 761 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 4 – paragraph 1
1. The Member States and the relevant Union institutions and the Member States shall ensure continuous progress in enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change in accordance with Article 7 of the Paris Agreement.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 783 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – title
5 Assessment of Union progress and measures in the sense of a rational environmental policy
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 784 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – introductory part
By 30 September 2023, and every 5 years thereafter, the Commission shall assess, together with the assessment foreseen under Article 29(5) of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999:In the course of a readjustment of Regulation (EU)2018/1999, which would previously have to be covered by an adaptation of the European Council Conclusions, the evaluation and reporting mechanisms contained therein also need to be re-established. According to Art. 1and Art. 2(1) the new framework must be based on the principles of a rational environmental policy.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 792 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point a
(a) the collective progress made by all Member States towards the achievement of the climate-neutrality objective set out in Article 2(1) as expressed by the trajectory referred to in Article 3(1);deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 804 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point b
(b) the collective progress made by all Member States on adaptation as referred to in Article 4.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 815 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2
The Commission shall submit the conclusions of that assessment, together with the State of the Energy Union Report prepared in the respective calendar year in accordance with Article 35 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999, to the European Parliament and to the Council.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 821 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – paragraph 2
2. By 30 September 2023, and every 5 years thereafter, the Commission shall review: (a) the consistency of Union measures with the climate-neutrality objective set out in Article 2(1) as expressed by the trajectory referred to in Article 3(1); (b) the adequacy of Union measures to ensure progress on adaptation as referred to in Article 4.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 846 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – paragraph 3
3. Where, based on the assessment referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2, the Commission finds that Union measures are inconsistent with the climate- neutrality objective set out in Article 2(1) or inadequate to ensure progress on adaptation as referred to in Article 4, or that the progress towards either the climate-neutrality objective or on adaptation as referred to in Article 4 is insufficient, it shall take the necessary measures in accordance with the Treaties, at the same time as the review of the trajectory referred to in Article 3(1).deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 859 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 5 – paragraph 4
4. The Commission shall assess any draft measure or legislative proposal in light of the climate-neutrality objective set out in Article 2(1) as expressed by the trajectory referred to in Article 3(1) before adoption, and include this analysis in any impact assessment accompanying these measures or proposals, and make the result of that assessment public at the time of adoption.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 879 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 6 – title
6 AssessmenReport of national measures
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 880 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 6 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – introductory part
By 30 SeptemStarting from 31 October 2023,31 and every 5 years, thereafterat intervals to be determined if the need arises, the Commission shall assesscollect:
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 890 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 6 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point a
(a) the consistency of national measures identified, on the basis of the National Energy and Climate Plans or the Biennial Progress Reports submitted in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2018/1999, as relevant for the achievement of the climate-neutrality objective set out in Article 2(1) with that objective as expressed by the trajectory referred to in Article 3(1);change Adaptation or a new mechanism for the evaluation of national measures which in the course of a readjustment of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 has been adopted. In the absence of new guidelines from the European Council, Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 will remain in force unchanged.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 899 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 6 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 1 – point b
(b) the adequacy of relevant national measures to ensure progress on adaptation as referred to in Article 4.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 908 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 6 – paragraph 1 – subparagraph 2
The Commission shall submit the conclusions of that assessment, together with the State of the Energy Union Report prepared in the respective calendar year in accordance with Article 35 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999, to the European Parliament and to the Council.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 914 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 6 – paragraph 2
2. Where the Commission finds, under due consideration of the collective progress assessed in accordance with Article 5(1), that a Member State’s measures are inconsistent with that objective as expressed by the trajectory referred to in Article 3(1) or inadequate to ensure progress on adaptation as referred to in Article 4, it may issue recommendations to that Member State. The Commission shall make such recommendations publicly available.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 930 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 6 – paragraph 3
3. Where a recommendation is issued in accordance with paragraph 2, the following principles shall apply: (a) the Member State concerned shall take due account of the recommendation in a spirit of solidarity between Member States and the Union and between Member States; (b) the Member State concerned shall set out, in its first progress report submitted in accordance with Article 17 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999, in the year following the year in which the recommendation was issued, how it has taken due account of the recommendation. If the Member State concerned decides not to address a recommendation or a substantial part thereof, that Member State shall provide the Commission its reasoning; (c) the recommendations should be complementary to the latest country- specific recommendations issued in the context of the European Semester.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 952 #

2020/0036(COD)

1. In addition to the national measures referred to in Article 6(1)(a), and until such time as Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 has been adapted as referred to above, the Commission shall base its assessment referred to in Articles 5 and 6 on at least the following:
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 968 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point d
(d) best available scientific evidence, including the latest reports of the IPCC; and
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 972 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 7 – paragraph 1 – point e
(e) any supplementary information on environmentally sustainable investment, by the Union and Member States, including, when available, investment consistent with Regulation (EU) 2020/… [Taxonomy Regulation].
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 985 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 8 – paragraph 1
The Commission shallMember States may engage with all parts of society to enable and empower them to take action towards a climate- neutral and climate-resilient society. The Commission shall facilitate an inclusive and accessible process at all levels, including at national, regional and local level and with social partners, citizens and civil society, for the exchange of best practice and to identify actions to contribute to the achievement of the objectives of this Regulation. In addition, the Commission may also draw on the multilevel climate and energy dialogues as set up by Member States in accordance with Article 11 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999resilient society.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 987 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 8 – paragraph 1
The Commission shall engage with all parts of society to enable and empower them to take action towards a climate- neutral and climate-resilient society. The Commission shall facilitate an inclusive and accessible process at all levels, including at national, regional and local level and with social partners, citizens and civil society, for the exchange of the best practice and to identify actions to contribute to the achievement of the objectives of this Regulation. In addition, the Commission may also, shall draw on the multilevel climatedialogues for and energy dialoguesvironmentally friendly and climate- resilient society as set up by the Member States in accordance with Article 11 of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 1020 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 9
1. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 3(1) is conferred on the Commission subject to the conditions laid down in this Article. 2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 3(1) shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from …[OP: date of entry into force of this Regulation]. 3. The delegation of power referred to in Article 3(1) may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force. 4. Before adopting a delegated act, the Commission shall consult experts designated by each Member State in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making. 5. As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and to the Council. 6. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 3 shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and to the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.Article 9 deleted Exercise of the delegation
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 1029 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 9 – title
9 Exercise of thePrinciples of delegation
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 1030 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 9 – paragraph 1
1. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 3(1) is conferred on the Commdoes not apply here, since decission subject to the conditions laid down in this Article.s of a fundamental nature pursuant to Article 290(1) TFEU may not be taken by delegated act
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 1032 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 9 – paragraph 2
2. The power to adopt delegated acts referred to in Article 3(1) shall be conferred on the Commission for an indeterminate period of time from …[OP: date of entry into force of this Regulation].
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 1034 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 9 – paragraph 3
3. The delegation of power referred to in Article 3(1) may be revoked at any time by the European Parliament or by the Council. A decision to revoke shall put an end to the delegation of the power specified in that decision. It shall take effect the day following the publication of the decision in the Official Journal of the European Union or at a later date specified therein. It shall not affect the validity of any delegated acts already in force.deleted
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 1036 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 9 – paragraph 4
4. Before adopting a delegated act, the Commission shall consult experts designated by each Member State in accordance with the principles laid down in the Interinstitutional Agreement of 13 April 2016 on Better Law-Making.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 1040 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 9 – paragraph 5
5. As soon as it adopts a delegated act, the Commission shall notify it simultaneously to the European Parliament and to the Council.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 1042 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 9 – paragraph 6
6. A delegated act adopted pursuant to Article 3 shall enter into force only if no objection has been expressed either by the European Parliament or the Council within a period of two months of notification of that act to the European Parliament and to the Council or if, before the expiry of that period, the European Parliament and the Council have both informed the Commission that they will not object. That period shall be extended by two months at the initiative of the European Parliament or of the Council.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 1048 #
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 1091 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 10 a (new)
Article 10a The EU Member States and the European Council are called upon to reassess their previous commitments and conclusions of the European Council with regard to the so-called climate targets for 2030 and climate neutrality for 2050, and, if necessary, to adapt them within a reasonable period of time so that they can be implemented for the benefit of citizens, companies and the environment without jeopardising or even destroying entire branches of Industry and millions of jobs through unrealistic emission reductions based on ideology-based models. On the basis of any new Conclusions of the European Council in the sense of a rational environmental policy, the Commission, as the downstream authority, is called upon to subsequently submit a proposal for the amendment of Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 accordingly.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 1092 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 11 – paragraph 1
This RegulationDirective shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 1094 #

2020/0036(COD)

Proposal for a regulation
Article 11 – paragraph 2
This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in allDirective is addressed to the Member States. .
2020/06/08
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 1 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 1
— having regard to the Commission communication to the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions of 11 December 2019 on the European Green Deal (COM(2019)0640), and the Political Guidelines of Ursula von der Leyen of 10 September 2019,deleted
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 12 #

2019/2157(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital A a (new)
Aa. whereas the area of forest in the Union is increasing, inter alia as a result of forestation; whereas nearly 25% of the total area of forest in the EU belongs to the Natura 2000 network;
2020/04/30
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 13 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 9
— having regard to the 2050 Climate Strategy,deleted
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 21 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital A
A. whereas the EU’s internal and international commitments to, for example, the European Green Deal, the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Kyoto Protocol, the Paris Agreement and the creation of a zero- emission society, will be impossible to achieve without the climate benefits and other ecosystem services provided by forests and the forest- based sector;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 30 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital B
B. whereas the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union makes no reference to a common EU forest policy, and responsibility for forests lies withwhereas therefore the EU has no competence with regard to the forest policies of the Member States, but whereas the EU has a long history of contributing, through its policies, to sustainable forest management (SFM) and the Member States’ decisions on forests;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 32 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital B a (new)
Ba. whereas the Commission's attempts to influence forest policy, which is a sole competence of the Member States, inter alia on the pretext of promoting biodiversity, possibly in the form of new, area-based, protection targets, which could even adversely affect climate and the environment in Member States that are managing their forests well, are cause for concern;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 38 #

2019/2157(INI)

Draft opinion
Recital C
C. whereas Europe’s forests are of immense value in terms of climate mitigation, since they absorb and store 10 % of EU carbon emissions; whereas forests play a multifunctional role and whereas in future they should not be regarded purely as carbon sinks;
2020/04/30
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 40 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital C
C. whereas forests and the entire forest-based value chain are fundamental to the further development of the circular bioeconomy as they provide jobs, ensure economic welfare in rural and urban areas, deliver climate change mitigation and adaptation services, offer health-related benefits, and protect the biodiversity and prospects of mountainous and rural areas, in addition to which the bioeconomy improves the Union's self-sufficiency;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 80 #

2019/2157(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1
1. Welcomes the decision from the Commission to introduce a new forest strategy; stresses the need for the forest strategy to fully observe the principle of subsidiarity and observes that, in all circumstances, forest owners have the power to decide on forest management within the framework of national law; emphasises, in this regard, the need for a holistic and consistent forest strategy that enhances the multifunctional role of forests and the forest-based sector in the EU and that promotes the far- reaching societal, economic and environmental benefits of forests; underlines the urgent need to prevent and manage natural disturbances; highlights that the forest strategy should not be subordinate to any other sectoral strategy;
2020/04/30
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 90 #

2019/2157(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1 a (new)
1a. Observes that the Paris Climate Agreement treats forest fires as a natural phenomenon; notes that forest fires can be prevented by ensuring forest growth, reducing the quantity of dead wood and ensuring that there is a comprehensive network of forest roads; considers that the Paris Agreement should recognise that good, planned management of commercial forests can prevent forest fires; takes the view that countries that have succeeded in preventing forest fires should be rewarded in carbon calculations;
2020/04/30
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 106 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 a (new)
1a. Welcomes the actions taken by the Member States and the Commission to meet the objectives of the EU Forest Strategy and the involvement of the Standing Forestry Committee, the Civil Dialogue Group on Forestry and Cork, the Expert Group on Forest Fires, the Expert Group on Forest-based Industries and Sectorally-related Issues and relevant stakeholders in the multiannual implementation of Forest MAP;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 124 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4
4. Stresses that the promotion of SFM in the EU, as part of the EU Forest Strategy and the rural development measures implemented under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), has had a positive impact on the biodiversity of forests in the EU and has enhanced the climate benefits offered by the forest-based sector; notes, however, that there is still a need to strengthen SFM in a balanced manner in order to ensure that forests are better able to adapt to changing climate conditions and, to reduce the risks and impacts of natural disturbances and to safeguard opportunities for present and future generations to exploit forests, for example in such a way that forest owners' objectives are realised;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 126 #

2019/2157(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2 a (new)
2a. Urges the Union to promote the multifunctional use of forests, including economic use, as a result of which forest cover and the associated problems such as illegal felling, land grabbing and damage to environmental benefits and biodiversity in third countries would also be reduced;
2020/04/30
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 134 #

2019/2157(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2 b (new)
2b. Observes that protection targets that are country-specific or formulated in terms of land area can even have negative effects on climate and the environment in countries that are managing their forests well; calls for measures to increase forestation particularly in countries that have little forest cover;
2020/04/30
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 144 #

2019/2157(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3
3. Emphasises the important role forests can play in substituting fossil-based materials with bio-based products; believes that the new forest strategy should reflect the importance of the role played by European forests and the EU’s circular bio- economy in reaching climate neutrality by 2050 and that measures to this end should be included; observes that wood has great potential as a renewable building material which sequesters carbon; believes that there is a need for better communication concerning the environmental impact of using wood for building, so that the use of wood as a sustainable construction material can be promoted;
2020/04/30
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 150 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5 a (new)
5a. Observes that, in all situations, the forest owner has the power of decision over the use to be made of a forest, within the limits set by domestic law;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 151 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5 b (new)
5b. Observes that the EU should not adopt overlapping criteria in addition to national legislation and to voluntary certification systems that are more stringent than the law; considers that diversity criteria that go beyond legislation should be left to owners and the wood-buying industry to decide and be guided by the market mechanism; takes the view that the market mechanism can deliver faster, more acceptable and more far-reaching results than regulation;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 154 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 6
6. Notes that over the past decades EU´s forest resources have been increasing in terms of forest cover and volume, and currently forests and other wooded areas cover at least 43 % of the surface of the EU and; points out that the sector employs at least 500 000 people directly3 and 2.6 million indirectly in the EU4 and that maintenance of this workforce and the sector´s long-term competitiveness require constant efforts to attract skilled and trained workforce to the sector; _________________ 3 Eurostat database on forestry, available at: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/forestry/d ata/database 4European Parliament fact sheet of May 2019 on the European Union and forests.
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 163 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 6 a (new)
6a. Observes that the area of forest in the Union is growing, inter alia as a result of afforestation, and that managed commercial forests not only bind carbon better than unmanaged forests but also reduce emissions and problems caused by deterioration of the condition of forests; notes that sustainable management of commercial forests has the very best impact on the climate, and that countries which manage their forests well should be rewarded for this;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 172 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 7
7. Recognises that long-term investments in SFM ensure that forests remain not only economically viable, but also contribute to achieving the many goals of the EU, including the successful implementation of the European Green Deal and the transition to a circular bioeconomy;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 175 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 7 a (new)
7a. Reiterates that forests and the forest-based sector significantly contribute to the development of local, circular bioeconomies in the EU; stresses that in 2010 the bioeconomy represented a market estimated to be worth over EUR 2 trillion, providing 20 million jobs and accounting for 9 % of total employment in the EU; notes that every euro invested in bioeconomy research and innovation under Horizon 2020 will generate about EUR 10 in added value;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 177 #

2019/2157(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 4
4. Notes that research and technology have come a long way since the forest strategy was introduced in 2013; stresses the importance of encouraging further research in forestry and bio-based products and believes that EU funds for research should be further directed towards this; stresses that more research and funding would make a positive contribution to climate change mitigation, sustainable economic growth and employment, especially in rural areas; stresses that the Union should allocate sufficient resources to funding forestry measures in accordance with the expectations of policy on climate and the environment, including investment in protecting and restoring forests;
2020/04/30
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 184 #

2019/2157(INI)

8. Acknowledges the crucial climate benefits of forests and the forest-based sector; highlights the need to increase CO2 sequestration in forests, carbon storage in wood-based products and the substitution of fossil-based materials and energy; notes however the importance of avoiding unnecessary market distortions for wood- based raw-materials as it comes to support schemes for bioenergy;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 195 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 8 a (new)
8a. Highlights the need to encourage the circular use of wood-based products to promote resource efficiency, waste reduction and the extension of the carbon life cycle in order to further deploy circular bioeconomy;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 207 #

2019/2157(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5
5. Expresses its concern over the health condition and resilience of forests in many parts of Europe; highlights the need to strengthen and make full use of EU mechanisms to tackle the transboundary pressures on forests from the spread of invasive alien species, pests, and diseases, and considers that comprehensive pest management should be promoted and facilitated as the climate cycle moves into a warmer phase.
2020/04/30
Committee: ENVI
Amendment 207 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 9 a (new)
9a. Deplores the fact that it has not been possible to do anything to prevent forest damage or about extensive damage by insects; considers that comprehensive pest management should be promoted and facilitated as we enter a warmer phase of the climate cycle;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 209 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 9 b (new)
9b. Recognises the role of forests as regards provision of recreational values and forest-related activities such as harvesting of non-wood forest products e.g. mushrooms and soft fruits; takes note on the opportunities in enhancing biomass removals as forest fire prevention via grazing but also notes that wildlife grazing have a negative impact on seedlings and therefore notes on the needs for sustainable management of grazing fauna;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 211 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 9 b (new)
9b. Observes that nearly 25% of the total area of forest in the EU belongs to the Natura 2000 network;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 213 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Subheading 3
The future – the crucial role played byguidelines for the post-2020 EU Forest Strategy and the European Green Deal in meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 220 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 10
10. Welcomes the recent publication of the Commission’s European Green Deal and lLooks forward to the upcoming post-2020 EU Forest Strategy;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 223 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 10 a (new)
10a. Considers that the Union's forest strategy should concentrate on supporting and promoting the competitiveness of forestry - the EU's forest industry, bioeconomy and bioenergy; considers that the forest strategy should particularly aim to achieve self-sufficiency in wood for the EU, as a result of which forest cover and the associated problems such as illegal felling, land grabbing and damage to environmental benefits and biodiversity in third countries would also be reduced;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 225 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 10 b (new)
10b. Considers that forests' role in climate policy should be viewed primarily through the bioeconomy, as increasing the use of renewable fuels and materials, rather than setting targets for the size of forest sinks or protected forest areas; considers that, until the full potential of the bioeconomy has been exploited, there will be no need for additional legislation on forests;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 226 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 10 c (new)
10c. Observes that the development of the EU's bioeconomy depends, inter alia, on the development of technology and markets, on the European and international political framework and on the sustainability of the use made of the EU's forests; notes that some of these factors are easier to influence than others; expresses itself therefore in favour of eliminating unnecessary legislative obstacles, promoting intersectoral cooperation and promoting investment in research and development in order to facilitate change in this industry;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 233 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11
11. Welcomes the Commission’s 2020 Work Programme and especially the acknowledgment of the new EU Forest Strategy’s contribution to the 26th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP26) of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change; stresses, in this regard, that in future, forests should not be considered solely as CO2 sinks or as the only type of CO2 sink as that would give other sectors less of an incentive to minimise their emissions; highlights, in addition, the importance of transitioning from a fossil-based society;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 234 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11 a (new)
11a. Observes in addition that the ambitious targets set in the EU's energy policy for increasing the share of renewable energy should be taken into account in supporting the use of biomass produced by forests;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 239 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 12
12. Emphasises the crucial role of forests, the forest-based sector and the bioeconomy in achieving the goals of the European Green Deal; stresses that achieving the EU’s environmental and climate goals will never be possible without multifunctional, healthy and sustainably managed forests and viable industries; encourages, in addition, actions to increase forest cover in low-forest-cover Member States, especially in areas where forests have been destroyed by man and grazing; considers, furthermore, that new protection requirements should focus on areas where human activity and grazing have destroyed forest or where particularly valuable natural forests exist;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 250 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 12 a (new)
12a. Observes that the Paris Climate Agreement treats forest fires as a natural phenomenon; notes that forest fires can be prevented by ensuring forest growth, reducing the quantity of dead wood and ensuring that there is a comprehensive network of forest roads; considers that the Paris Agreement should recognise that good, planned management of commercial forests can combat forest fires; takes the view that countries that have succeeded in preventing forest fires should be rewarded in carbon calculations;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 268 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 13
13. Stresses that an ambitious, independent and self-standing EU Forest Strategy is needed for the post-2020 period which is not subordinate to any other sectoral strategy; calls for a new EU Forest Strategy that builds on the holistic approach to SFM, taking into account all of the economic, social and environmental aspects of the forest-based value chain and the fact that in some Member States more than half the land area consists of forests; stresses that a coordinated and coherent approach to forests, the forest-based sector and the multiple services they provide needs to be developed, given the growing number of national and EU policies directly or indirectly affecting forests and their management in the EU;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 283 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 14
14. Takes the view that the EU Forest Strategy should act as a bridge between national forest policies and EU objectives relating to forests, recognising bothe power of decision of forest owners and the achievements of certification, the need to respect national competence and the need to contribute to wider EU objectives;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 299 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 15
15. Stresses the importance of evidence-based decision-making with regard to EU policies relating to forests, the forest-based sector and its value-chain; calls for all forest-related aspects of European Green Deal measures to be consistent with the post-2020 EU Forest Strategy, particularly with a view to ensuring that SFM has a positive impact on society;
302/01/01
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 305 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 16
16. Highlights the need to take into consideration the links between the forest- based sector and other sectors as well as the importance of digitalisation and investing in research and innovation; stresses the crucial role of wood-based materials in substituting fossil-based alternatives in industries such as the construction industry, the textile industry, the chemical industry and the packaging industry; considers it important to stress the benefits to health of the forest-based sector not only from the point of view of clean air and recreation but also from the point of view of providing raw materials for the medicines industry and particularly the production of hygiene products, which serve to limit the spread of pandemics;
2020/06/11
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 319 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 16 a (new)
16a. Observes that wood has great potential as a renewable building material which sequesters carbon; believes that there is a need for better communication concerning the environmental impact of using wood for building, so that the use of wood as a sustainable construction material can be promoted;
2020/06/11
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 341 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 17 a (new)
17a. Observes that agroforestry, the combined cultivation of trees and agricultural crops and/or a combination of tree growing with livestock farming, could reduce forest fires, particularly in Mediterranean countries; points, furthermore, to the importance of a comprehensive and well-maintained network of forest roads and regular forest management in preventing and managing forest fires, thus avoiding the release of carbon from unnecessary forest fires, which affects the climate; stresses that opportunities for large-area pest control should be increased;
2020/06/11
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 354 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 18
18. Recognises the role of biodiversity in ensuring that forest ecosystems remain healthy and resilient; highlights the importance of the Natura 2000 sites in which there is a possibility to provide the society with multiple ecosystem services, including raw materials; notes, however, that sufficient financial resources are needed to manage such areas;
2020/06/11
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 389 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 21
21. Stresses the crucial importance of the CAP and forestry measures in implementing and funding the EU Forest Strategy; encourages the continuity of forestry measures under the 2021-2027 CAP; highlights the need for other easily accessible, well-coordinated and relevant EU funding mechanisms;
2020/06/11
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 396 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 21 a (new)
21a. Stresses that the Union should allocate sufficient funding to measures for the forest-based sector, corresponding to the new expectations of that sector, including investment in the development of forest areas and in improving the viability of forests, maintaining networks of forest roads, forestry technology, innovation, and processing and taking into use forestry products;
2020/06/11
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 420 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 22
22. Underlines the essential role of high-level research and innovation in fostering the contribution of forests and the forest-based sector to overcoming the challenges of our time, such as adaptation of the EU’s forests to climate change; stresses the importance of the EU’s post- 2020 research and innovation programmes and recognises the role of the Standing Committee on Agricultural Research;
2020/06/11
Committee: AGRI
Amendment 433 #

2019/2157(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 23
23. Highlights the fact that global deforestation and forest degradation are serious problems; points out that policy initiatives should be developed to tackle issues outside the EU, with a focus on the tropics and the drivers of unsustainable practices in forests from outside the sector; stresses the need to foster the implementation of the EU Timber Regulation and the FLEGT (Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade) action plan in order to prevent the entry of illegally sourced wood into the EU market; calls for concrete requirements avoiding arbitrary interpretation of the EUTR due diligence system;
2020/06/11
Committee: AGRI