BETA

120 Amendments of Alviina ALAMETSÄ

Amendment 14 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital B a (new)
B a. whereas the EU and Indian leadership affirmed their determination to promote effective multilateralism and a rules-based multilateral order with the United Nations(UN) and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) at its core;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 21 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital B b (new)
B b. whereas leadership from EU and India is needed to promote effective climate diplomacy and global commitment to the implementation of the Paris Agreement and global protection of climate and the environment;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 23 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital B c (new)
B c. whereas bilateral and multilateral cooperation in the current context of heightened global risks and increasing great power competition should encompass reinforcement of international security, strengthening of preparedness and response for global health emergencies, such as the current COVID- 19 pandemic, enhancement of global economic stability and inclusive growth, and implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 29 #

2021/2023(INI)

B d. whereas India’s regional and global importance is growing, and it has increasingly strengthened its position as a donor as well as an economic and military power; whereas India’s G20 Presidency in 2023, its membership in the UN Security Council in 2021-2022, and in the UN Human Rights Council in 2019-2021, reinvigorate the need for close cooperation;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 34 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital B e (new)
B e. whereas the EU’s strategic framework vested in its global strategy, strategy for India, strategy for EU-Asia Connectivity as well as the emerging Indo-Pacific Strategy have highlighted the vital importance of cooperating on the EU’s global agenda with India;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 36 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital B f (new)
B f. whereas the latest summit between EU and India agreed on principles of sustainable connectivity, including the G20 voluntary Principles for Quality Infrastructure Investment(QII), and agreed to explore ways to improve connectivity between the EU and India, and consequent connectivity with third countries, including in the Indo-Pacific region;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 38 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point -a (new)
-a) continue the positive improvement and deepening of EU-India relations as strategic partners, and uphold the commitment to regular multi-level dialogues, including summits;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 55 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point d a (new)
d a) revive the Council’s 2018 request to modernise the institutional architecture of the 1994 EU-India cooperation agreement in line with new common aspirations and global challenges; reinvigorate the idea of negotiating a Strategic Partnership Agreement, including a strong parliamentary dimension;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 69 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point g
g) promote greater synergy in foreign and security policy through the existing relevant dialogue mechanisms and within fora set up under the AgeEU-India for ActionRoadmap 20205, and in light of the EU’s recent strategic emphasis on enhanced security cooperation in and with Asia;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 100 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point k a (new)
k a) promote conflict prevention and economic cooperation by supporting regional integration initiatives in South Asia, including within the South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC);
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 115 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point n
n) underline that preserving peace, stability and the freedom of navigation in the Indo-Pacific region remains of critical importance to the interests of the EU and its Member States; intensify cooperation in maritime security in the Indo-Pacific regionencourage further common reading of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea including the freedom of navigation and intensify cooperation in maritime security in the Indo-Pacific region; launch an EU-India high level dialogue on maritime cooperation aimed at broadening the scope of the current consultations on anti- piracy and increasing interoperability and coordination between the Operation EUNAVFOR Atalanta, India’s Information Fusion Centre for the Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR) and the Indian navy in the field of maritime surveillance, disaster relief and joint training and exercises;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 122 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point n a (new)
n a) jointly encourage further dialogue in view of an early conclusion of a Code of Conduct in the South China Sea that would not prejudice the legitimate rights of any nation in accordance with international law;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 136 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point o a (new)
o a) support comprehensive dialogue for developing stable and peaceful relations between India and Pakistan;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 137 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point o b (new)
o b) take positive note of India’s long- running support to Afghanistan and its commitment to people-centered and locally-led peacebuilding efforts: recognise an opportunity for a constructive EU-India partnership as regards to the Afghan Peace Process;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 139 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point o c (new)
o c) recall that the development of the digital sector is paramount to security, and must include diversification of the supply chain of equipment manufacturers, through the promotion of open and interoperable network architectures and digitalisation partnerships, with partners who share the EU’s values and utilise technology in compliance with fundamental rights;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 144 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point q
q) encourage a shared commitment to implementing UN Security Council Resolutions 2250, 2419 and 2535 on Youth, Peace and Security (YPS), including through the development of National YPS Strategies and Action Plans with appropriate budgetary allocations and an emphasis on conflict prevention; encourage India, together with EU Member States, to invest in young people's capacities and to partner with youth organisations in dialogue and accountability; explore new ways to include young people in building positive peace and security;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 186 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point t
t) address the human rights situation and challenges faced by civil society in its dialogue with the Indian authorities, including at summit level; encourage India, as the world’s largest democracy, to demonstrate its commitment to respecting and protecting the freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association, to end attacks against - and to releasincluding in relation to the latest, large- scale farbitrarily detained -mers' protests, to end attacks against human rights defenders and journalists, including in the Indian- administered part of and to cease invoking laws against sedition and terrorism to restrict their legitimate activities, including in Jammu and Kashmir, to repeal laws that may be used to silence dissent, and to ensure accountability for human rights violations;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 201 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point u
u) act upon the commitment made in u) the EU-India Roadmap to resume the bilateral, local human rights dialogue and to upgrade it to a headquarters' level dialogue; make the dialogue meaningful by ensuring high- level participation, setting concrete commitments and criteria for progress, addressing individual cases and facilitating an EU-India civil society dialogue ahead of the intergovernmental dialogue; ensure that the human rights dialogue covers among others the situation of civil society organizations and human rights defenders, matters related to citizenship, discrimination, including gender- or caste-based, protection of religious and ethnic minorities, and the promotion of tolerance in preventing violence; request the EEAS to regularly report to the European Parliament on results achieved;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 207 #

2021/2023(INI)

u a) recall the EU’s principled and long-standing rejection of the death penalty and reiterate its plea to India for a death penalty moratorium with a view to the permanent abolition of capital punishment;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 209 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point u b (new)
u b) urge India to ratify the UN Convention against Torture and its optional protocol and the UN Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 210 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point u c (new)
u c) encourage India to support international justice efforts further by signing the Rome Statute establishing the International Criminal Court (ICC);
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 211 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point u d (new)
u d) encourage India to continue its tradition of granting protection to persons fleeing violence and persecution until conditions for safe, dignified and voluntary return are possible, and to take all measures needed to eliminate risks of statelessness for communities in India;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 226 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point y
y) finalise negotiations on a connectivity partnership with India; support it by providing loans and guarantees to sustainable investment into digital and green infrastructural bi- and multilateral projects in India, by EU’s public and private entities such as the European Investment Bank (EIB), and the new external financing instrument, in line with the potential outlined in EU- Asia Connectivity strategy;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 230 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point y a (new)
y a) ensure that connectivity initiatives are based on social, environmental and fiscal standards and the values of sustainability, transparency, inclusiveness, the rule of law, respect for human rights and reciprocity; stress the importance of sustainability as a vital condition for all connectivity initiatives and highlight that connectivity policies should reduce negative externalities such as environmental damage and pollution and be fully consistent with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and its legal instruments including the Paris Climate Agreement;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 231 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point z a (new)
z a) enhance cooperation on sustainable mobility via concrete measures such as the further development of electric transportation infrastructures, and investments in railway projects; highlight the vital importance of railways for relieving congestion and pollution in large urban areas, reaching climate objectives, and ensuring resilience of vital supply chains including during crises;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 232 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point z b (new)
z b) support further cooperation on challenges posed by the rapid urbanisation including via exchange of knowledge and best practices through shared platforms and city-to-city cooperation, cooperation on smart city technology, and continued financial support to projects in urban transport in India via the European Investment Bank;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 236 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point ab
ab) raise the level of ambition on EU- India bilateral and multilateral cooperation on climate change notably by accelerating green growth and a just and safe clean energy transition, reaching climate neutrality by mid-century, and enhancing the ambition of nationally determined contributions; continue common global leadership in support of the Paris Agreement and focus on implementing the clean and renewable energy agenda;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 238 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point ab a (new)
ab a) focus on implementing the clean and renewable energy agenda; note India’s leadership in renewable energy, and progress made through the EU – India Clean Energy and Climate Partnership; encourage cooperation to further advance electric mobility, sustainable cooling, next generation battery technology, distributed generation of electricity, and just transition in India; intensify the implementation of the sustainable water management partnership;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 246 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point ad a (new)
ad a) align with the goals of the EU- Asia Connectivity strategy and coordinate with the G20 presidencies held by Italy in 2021 and India in 2023 in order to deliver on increasing connectivity between Europe and India;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 248 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point ae
ae) step up the EU’s ambitions for digital connectivity with India in the context of the EU’s digital transformation strategy; invest in a partnership in digital services and the development of responsible artificial intelligence; continue to support data protection reform in India; strive for close cooperation on data protection with the aim of advancing adequacy decisions for data flows in compliance with fundamental rights; note that an alignment of the Indian and European data regulation significantly facilitates mutual cooperation, trade and the safe transmission of information and expertise; work towards replicating the EU’s international mobile roaming agreements with India;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 252 #

2021/2023(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 1 – point ae a (new)
ae a) take effective steps to facilitate EU-India mobility, including for migrants, students, high skilled workers and artists, considering the availability of skills and labour market needs in the EU and India; recognise the considerable talent pool in the fields of digitalisation and artificial intelligence in both India and the EU and the mutual interest to develop high level expertise and cooperation in this field;
2021/03/22
Committee: AFET
Amendment 99 #

2020/2207(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 8 a (new)
8a. Expresses grave concern at the recent escalations of tensions on some potential flashpoints in Indo-Pacific region, such as India-China disputed border, the East and South China Sea and the Taiwan Strait, including China’s increasingly provocative military manoeuvres aimed at Taiwan; calls for all parties concerned to resolve their differences through peaceful means to de- escalate the tensions and to refrain from taking unilateral action to change the status quo; underlines the importance of the peaceful development across the Taiwan Strait to maintain peace, stability and prosperity for China and Taiwan, as well as in the Asia-Pacific region, which remains of critical importance to the interests of the EU; calls for the EU and it Member States to revisit their engagement policy with Taiwan and to collaborate with international like-minded partners to protect democratic Taiwan free from foreign threats; ˙Expresses concern about the disinformation campaign launched by malicious third countries to disrupt the efforts in fighting COVID-19 pandemic against democracies in the Indo-Pacific region, including Taiwan; calls on the EU and its Member States to support Taiwan’s meaningful and pragmatic participation as an observer in the WHO meetings, mechanisms and activities, so as to jointly fight against the global public health crisis;
2020/11/17
Committee: AFET
Amendment 10 #

2020/2115(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 1
1. Calls on the Commission and the European External Action Service (EEAS) to ensure proper implementation of the EU-Asia Connectivity Strategy by providing an effective political governance mechanism that could makeaiming at fostering the EU a rule setter in transport connectivity, while promoting EU principles such as transparency, good governance and sustainability; based on transparency, a level-playing field, good governance and sustainability, as well as an increased focus on climate mitigation contributing to the goals laid down in the Paris agreement;
2020/10/14
Committee: TRAN
Amendment 24 #

2020/2115(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2
2. WelcomeSupports the ongoing extension of the EU’s Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) with close observance to finding sustainable solutions to traffic connections in the Western Balkans and the Eastern Partnership countries, and calls on the Commission to speed up the review process of TEN-T and its external dimension and to come up with a comprehensive transport initiative to connect TEN-T wclosely observe and coordinate countries' efforts to implement existing TEN-T extension plans, iths strategic networks in Asiaature and its external dimension;
2020/10/14
Committee: TRAN
Amendment 26 #

2020/2115(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2 a (new)
2a. Calls on the Commission, with the help of the ERA (European rail agency), to foster Euro Asian Rail transport by harmonising existing differences in legal rules for Euro-Asian rail transport;
2020/10/14
Committee: TRAN
Amendment 29 #

2020/2115(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2 b (new)
2b. Calls on the Commission to propose EU co-financing possibilities for the installation and upgrading of transhipment terminals in order to increase capacity on the existing trans- Eurasian rail corridors;
2020/10/14
Committee: TRAN
Amendment 30 #

2020/2115(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 2 c (new)
2c. Calls on the Commission to exploit the superior safety record of dangerous goods transport by rail and ensure that in particular Chinese authorities confirm the opening of China - EU rail services to the transport of dangerous goods under consideration of the safety measures and observance of the corresponding guidelines according to OTIF Annex 2 SMGS;
2020/10/14
Committee: TRAN
Amendment 31 #

2020/2115(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 3
3. Stresses the importance of the ongoing negotiations of comprehensive air transport agreements with partner countries in Asia; calls in particular for a swift conclusion of the agreement between the EU and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), which is expected to connect more than a billion citizens; highlights the importance of EU support to Asian countriesleadership in mitigating the impact of civil aviation on climate change;
2020/10/14
Committee: TRAN
Amendment 37 #

2020/2115(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 4
4. Calls on the Commission to pursue further progress in its maritime transport initiatives and to include all in bound, outbound and intra-EEA maritime shipping into the ETS as well as emissions at EU berth; furthermore, to digitalise and simplify administrative formalities and strengthen maritime security at ports in Asia via the International Maritime Organization and through maritime transport agreements;
2020/10/14
Committee: TRAN
Amendment 49 #

2020/2115(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5
5. Highlights the importance of the ongoing work of the EU-China Connectivity Platform in its efforts to explore opportunities for cooperation in the agreater transparency, sustainability, reciprocity in market access and a level playing field for businesses in the area of transport infrastructure development with Asian countries, as well as the enforcement of these principles through concrete measureas of transport between the EU’s TEN-T network and China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI); acknowledges the importance of working towards greater transparency, reciprocity in market access and a level playing field for businesses in the area of transport infrastructure development with Chinaconditionality. Welcomes collaboration based on these principles between different EU and Asian initiatives, such as the EU-China Connectivity Platform, China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), the Transport Corridor Europe Caucasus Asia (TRACECA) and the EU-Japan Partnership on Sustainable Connectivity and Quality Infrastructure.
2020/10/14
Committee: TRAN
Amendment 61 #

2020/2115(INI)

Draft opinion
Paragraph 5 a (new)
5a. Highlights furthermore the importance of new, sustainable transport initiatives with strategically important Asian countries, such as the promotion of railway connections between Europe, Central Asia and India.
2020/10/14
Committee: TRAN
Amendment 12 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 a (new)
- having regard to the Council's 'EU Concept for ESDP support for Security Sector Reform (SSR)' of 13 October 2005, the Commission Communication 'A Concept for European Community support for security sector reform' of 24 May 2006, the Joint Communication 'Elements for an EU-wide strategic framework to support security sector reform' of 5 July 2016 and to the Council conclusions on an 'EU-wide strategic framework to support Security Sector Reform (SSR)' of 14 November 2016,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 15 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 b (new)
- having regard to the strategic framework for the Horn of Africa of 11 November 2011, and to the EU Horn of Africa regional action plan 2015-2020,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 17 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 c (new)
- having regard to the EU strategy on the Gulf of Guinea of 2014,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 18 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 d (new)
- having regard to the EU strategy for security and development in the Sahel of 2011 which was presentedby the High Representative and the Commission, upon the Council's request,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 19 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 e (new)
- having regard to the Annual Joint Consultative Meetings of the Political and Security Committee of the European Union and of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 20 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 f (new)
- having regard to its resolution of 7 June 2016 on Peace Support Operations – EU engagement with the UN and the African Union,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 21 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 g (new)
- having regard to the Plan of Action to enhance EU CSDP support to UN peacekeepingof 14 June 2012 and on Strengthening the UN-EU Strategic Partnership on Peacekeeping and Crisis Management: Priorities 2015-2018’of 27 March 2015,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 22 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 h (new)
- having regard to the Joint Africa- EU Strategy (JAES) agreed at the 2nd EU-Africa Summit held in Lisbon on 8-9 December 2007and the JAES Roadmap 2014-2017 agreed at the 4th EU-Africa Summit held in Brussels on 2-3 April 2014,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 23 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 i (new)
- having regard to the European Court of Auditors’ Special Report No 3 on The Efficiency and Effectiveness of EU Contributions channelled through United Nations organisations in Conflict-affected Countries of 2011,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 24 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 j (new)
- having regard to its resolution of 25 November 2010 on the 10th anniversary of UN Security Council resolution 1325(2000) on Women, Peace and Security,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 25 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 k (new)
- having regard to the EU Strategic Approach to Women, Peace and Security (WPS) and its Action Plan 2019-2024,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 26 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 l (new)
- having regard to its resolution of 22 November 2012 on the role of the Common Security and Defence Policy in case of climate-driven crises and natural disasters,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 27 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 m (new)
- having regard to the 2011 and 2012 reports of the United Nations Environment Programme entitled ‘Livelihood security: Climate change, conflict and migration in the Sahel’,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 28 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 n (new)
- having regard to the Council’s Concept on Strengthening EU Mediation and Dialogue Capacities of 10 November 2009,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 29 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Citation 6 o (new)
- having regard to its resolution of 12 March 2019 on building EU capacity on conflict prevention and mediation,
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 34 #

2020/2002(INI)

A. whereas security is a preconditiondevelopment and sustainable peace will only be achieved by addressing the root causes of poverty and hunger; whereas human security is a key factor for development; whereas without development and poverty eradication, there will be no sustainable peace; whereas in order to ensure its security and development, each country must have or acquire adequate capacities in all essential sectors, including security and defence andn efficient, effective, transparent, accountable, democratically controlled security sector which is able deliver security for its citizens based on the rule of law and in full compliance with international humanitarian law and international human rights law; whereas this will not only stabilise that country, but will also enable it to contribute constructively to peace, stability and crisis prevention in its region;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 42 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital A a (new)
A a. whereas the security and development approach promotes an economic vision of development (employment, infrastructure construction) and risks obscuring the important dimensions of food and nutrition insecurity, failing governance and lack of access to essential services, human rights violations, climate change, unequal wealth distribution and gender inequality;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 53 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital B
B. whereas from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean in the east, Africa is struggling to contend withsome regions of Africa are affected by conflicts, poverty, climate challenges, such as historical underdevelopment compounded by the destruction of the traditional agro- pastoral economy as a result of climate change, population growth and deforestationfood and nutrition insecurity, lack of access to basic social services, poor governance, inequalities and inappropriate agricultural models in which Europe has its share of responsibility; whereas another major challenge is the emergence of new forms of mafia economy, including human and drug trafficking and the uncontrolled export of gold deposits, which, combined with the abandonment, inefficiency and corruption of the administration, is producing a hybridisation between terroristarmed groups, traffickers and traditional community and regional conflicts, with the phenomenon of jihadist religious extremism appearing as a false response for the societies concerned;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 58 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital B a (new)
B a. whereas the nature of security challenges, violent conflicts and political violence varies between different African regions, countries and provinces; while in the Sahel or the Horn of Africa regions, armed Islamist groups and terrorism, but also to a minor degree security forces, various criminal groups and militia cause major casualties in particular amongst civilians; whereas the situation is very different in most of West Africa's 19 countries, where some countries experience lasting stability and security, others political violence or ethnic conflict;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 73 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital C
C. whereas poverty and insecurity feed off each other and push young people to migrate to Europe in search of a better life, impoverishing states by depriving them of their best human resourcelarge groups of young people to flee and leave their homes and families for safer regions or, exceptionally, other continents;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 77 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital C a (new)
C a. whereas according to reports of the United Nations Environment Programme climate change has had and is having negative effects in particular in the Sahel region; whereas climate change effects are a risk factor of destabilization, violence and conflict;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 79 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital C b (new)
C b. whereas gender equality is a prerequisite for peace, security and sustainable development; whereas the EU Strategic Approach to Women, Peace and Security stresses the need of integration of a gender perspective into all fields and activities in the domain of peace and security in order to ensure the effectiveness of EU’s policies;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 105 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital G
G. whereas after years of training, some of the above-mentioned EU missions have been hampered in their sustainability and effectiveness due to restrictions on their mandate, training programmes, and a lack of basic equipment, including weapons, ammunition and vehiclesthe fact that they were not incorporated in a wider comprehensive and strategic approach aiming at building a reliable security sector which first and foremost aims at delivering security benefits to the entire local population while respecting the rule of law and in particular international humanitarian law;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 110 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital G a (new)
G a. whereas there are there are only a very limited number of EU financed activities in the field of conflict prevention, mediation, dialogue and reconciliation in the Sahel region, West Africa and the Horn of Africa; whereas unfortunately the EU plans to reduce its financial means for such actions for 2021-2027;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 123 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital I
I. whereas neither the Somali army, nor the Malian army nor the Central African Armed Forces (FACA) have been able to contribute effectively to the fight against jihadists or hold and secure the ground cleared with the aid of friendly international forces, the result being that the local populations feel abandbecame sustainable security actors able to act aloned and fear being accused of collaborating with the government by the jihadists or the armed groups in the CAR once they return and reoccupy the space from which they were expelledfter years of EU training and divers EU investments;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 132 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital J
J. whereas after years of involvement in the above-mentioned civil and military missions, the general situation has become worse and worse and a new and comprehensive strategy therefore needs to be implementedin the Sahel region and some other theatres while others have improved, and a new and comprehensive strategy therefore needs to be implemented with regards to those places where the EU engagement has not been effective or even been counterproductive; whereas this strategy should address the root causes of the crisis, including failed governance, equal access to resources and services, improve the existing asymmetric civil- military dialogue in the region further exacerbating already fragile humanitarian access to communities;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 141 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital K
K. whereas Russia has sent hundreds of instructors to train and arm FACA soldierssince many years foreign, but also African private military and security companies have often played a very negative role, in particular in regions with a lot of mineral resources, in particular rare earth; whereas recently Russia has sent hundreds of instructors to train and arm FACA soldiers; whereas China has installed its first military base abroad in Djibouti in 2017; whereas also Gulf countries and Turkey have increased their presence on the continent;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 151 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Recital L
L. whereas the European Development Fund and the African Peace Facility (APF) provide support to the African Union, financing, among other things, the operational cost of military peacekeeping operations in Africa, in particular of AMISOM in Somalia;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 183 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 2
2. Considers that the European Union’s development and security missions and programmes should be coordinated by the VP/HR under the authority of the Council in accordance with Article 43(2) of the TEU a; reminds that a centralised doctrine centre should be established coverthe VP/HR has the duty according to the Treaty, as Vice-President of the Commission, as chair of the Commissioners’ Group on a ‘Stronger Europe ing the Military Planning and Conduct Capability and the Civilian PWorld’, and the chair of the Foreign Affairs Council, and as highest authority as regards all civilian and military CSDP planning and Cconduct Capability training missions, and projects supporting or reforming thestructures in the EEAS, to design a coherent and consistent approach for an effective and sustainable security cooperation with African partners which comprises as dimensions of security sector;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 191 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 2 a (new)
2 a. Repeats its call for a White Book on European Defence, which designs and outlines very precise scenarios for possible EU military interventions and underlying doctrines in compliance with the military tasks of Article 43(1) TEU;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 192 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 2 b (new)
2 b. Strongly believes that only security assistance which puts human security at its centre will be effective in the medium and long term as without tangible security gains for the local population all civilian and military assistance will sooner or later fail or even produce negative unintended consequences;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 195 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 2 c (new)
2 c. Strongly believes that the EU should invest to a maximum in processes aiming at conflict prevention by triggering a multitude of very concrete mediation, dialogue and reconciliation processes and projects in parallel to other security measures; underlines the need to also pursue non-state centric approaches aiming at fostering stability and security, in particular as regards inter-Community tensions;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 208 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 3
3. Calls for the revision of Article 3a(4)(b) and (c) of Regulation (EU) No 230/2014 in the light of the grave and profound degradation in the security conditions in the region and in order to fill any gaps in EU missions and projects wTakes note of the Commission proposal and the ongoing inter- institutional negotiations aiming at establishing a regulation entitled Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument (NDICI) comprising all tasks of the current Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP), in particular Communithy a view to supportctions ing the capacity- building of partners in the security sector, including through funding for military spending and the provision of weapons, ammunition or lethal equipment, transport and training essential for improving the combat capability of African armed forces fighting against jihadism; supportfield of peace, security, stability, security sector reform (SSR), demobilisation, disarmament and reintegration (DDR), peacebuilding, counter-terrorism, organised crime, child soldiers, conflict prevention, mediation, reconciliation and the provision of non- lethal military capacity building (CBSD); notes the Joint Communication of the Commission and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy of 28 April 2015 entitled ‘Capacity building in support of security and development – Enabling partners to prevent and manage crises’4 ; _________________ 4; JOIN(2015)0017.
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 219 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4
4. Calls on the VP/HR to propose a Council decisionNotes the 18 June 2018 proposal of the High Representative onf the establishment of a specific service to oversee the supply and use of such equipment and training; calls for funding from the EU budget to be provided for the administrative expenditure arising from that Council decision, including for personnel; calls on the Council to charge the Member States for the expenditure arising from the supply and use of such equipment and training; calls on the Member States that do not participate in funding the supply and use of such material to abstain from the vote in the CouncilUnion for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, with the support of the Commission, to the Council for a Council Decision establishing a European Peace Facility (EPF); reminds that the EPF aims at incorporating the African Peace Facility and establishing a CBSD component which would allow the EU to transfer arms and ammunitions to partner countries, complementing the CBSD component under the NDICI; recalls its recommendation of 28 March 2019 on the establishment of the European Peace Facility; notes that since June 2018 Member States are working on a Council Decision establishing the EPF, latest in January 2021;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 221 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 4 a (new)
4 a. Stresses that in the context of EPF a new EU-level instrument would potentially deliver joint risk assessments prior to any decision to transfer arms and ammunitions to third countries in the context of the military capacity-building pillar of EPF, assess individual measures against the eight criteria of the Common Position, and establish safeguards and possible sanctions with a view on the end- user; is concerned about the potential effects of inadequate safeguards in this context;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 226 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5 – introductory part
5. Considers that the sustainability and effectiveness of EU civilian and military missions in Africa have been hampered by the lack of basic equipment in the countries affected and that it is therefore necessary:a comprehensive medium and long-term strategy which integrates those individual measures in a wider long-term security sector reform process;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 234 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5 – point a
a) for the EU budget be large enough to effectively address the current challenges relating to training and military equipment (including weapons, munitions and transport);deleted
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 241 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5 – point b
b) to adapt the APF in order to overcome the current limitations on the acquisition of arms and munitions;deleted
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 249 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 5 a (new)
5 a. Reminds that EU primary law prohibits the acquisition of arms and ammunitions via the Community’s budget; recalls numerous decisions of the ECJ in this respect; reminds that the legal services of Parliament, Council and Commission have reached different legal positions as whether even the financing by the Community of non-lethal military capacity building in the context of the current IcSP is compliant with EU primary law, in particular Article 209 TFEU, and ECJ case law;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 251 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 6
6. Considers that all funding instruments should be explored with a view to supporting the development of security capabilities in the affected African countries, as per Articles 209 and 212 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and in the light of the very serious security crisis in the Sahel- Saharan region;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 257 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 7
7. Recommends that the EU considers contributing to the operational and logistical costs of the operations against jihadist terrorism conducted by the national armed forces of Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger and Chad, within the framework of peacekeeping operations in the Sahel-Saharan area and by taking a similar approach to the one it takes to financing the G5 Joint Forces and the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISON)supporting Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger and Chad, within the framework of peacekeeping operations in the Sahel-Saharan area in various and effective and sustainable ways in the area of security;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 263 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 8
8. Agrees to apply to existing training programmes the same facilities for the procurement of military equipment, including weapons, as those currently provided for the deployment and training of the G5 Sahel force, including financial support if needed;deleted
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 269 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 9
9. Recommends that any financing of capacity-building operations for African countries is conditional on an action plan with reasonable deadlines with the possibility of further adjustments depending on the evolution of the situation;deleted
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 272 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 9 a (new)
9 a. Is deeply concerned about the high amount of cases of very serious human rights abuses committed by Malian security forces, as investigated and reported by the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), which could amount to war crimes under humanitarian law; urges the VP/HR to suspend EUTM Mali and any other EU assistance to the Malian security sector until all crimes have been brought to justice and guarantees and mechanisms have been put in place which make sure that the EU’s partners strictly comply with international humanitarian and human rights law; calls on the EEAS to report to Parliament about all violations committed by EU military and security partners as a matter of urgency;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 274 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 9 b (new)
9 b. Notes the UN Evaluation Reports on Enforcement and Remedial Assistance Efforts for Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by the United Nations and Related Personnel in Peacekeeping Operations; is deeply shocked by the alarming scope of these crimes, and the failure to hold perpetrators to account; is equally shocked by sexual child abuse allegations against European and UN troops, in particular in the Central African Republic in 2016 and calls for justice; urges the UN, EU Member States and the EU's CSDP organs to investigate, prosecute and sentence any UN, national and EU personnel who committed acts of sexual violence without delay and with firmest resolve; stresses the urgent need to reform relevant structures in a way to end impunity of UN and EU personnel and by establishing functioning and transparent oversight and accountability mechanisms; finds it unacceptable that currently legal actions regarding alleged abuses remain purely voluntary and depended of the troop-contributing country; is convinced that also via training and education such grave crimes could be reduced and prevented; strongly; reminds the urgency to prevent such crimes in the future also in order to reinstate trust of the local population in international peacekeeping;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 278 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 10 – introductory part
10. Calls for the format of the EUTM Mali, EUTM CAR and EUTM Somalia training missions to be redefined to better adapt them to the real needs of the armed forces of the beneficiary countries byand medium and long term security needs of the local population:
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 280 #

2020/2002(INI)

a) developing and applying an overarching security sector reform policy which has human security at its centre and puts the security needs of the entire population at the heart of all components; harmonising training methods and rules of procedure and engagement and ensuring they are unique;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 285 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 10 – point a a (new)
a a) training in how to apply humanitarian law and human rights law in war fighting in order to prevent war crimes and other serious crimes and therefore prevent that the EU finances security forces which generate negative unintended consequences;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 286 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 10 – point a b (new)
a b) training on gender equality and women’s rights, including the Women, Peace and Security agenda
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 289 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 10 – point b
b) ensuring that instructors are able, in coordination with the local military authorities, to select soldiers from among those proposed by the local governments, to train them to be capable fighters, knowledgably of IHL and IHRL, and to supervise and accompany them on the ground once they have finished their training in order to assess them and prevent units from disbanding and soldiers from dispersing;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 293 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 10 – point c
c) supplying training centres with both shared and individual equipment, including weapons (if the country concerned does not provide them), if the EU can put safeguards in place which guarantee compliance with the eight criteria of Common Position 944 when transferring arms to third countries, and if the EU can guarantee post-shipment control, end-use control and therefore prevent diversion to armed groups including terrorists, to make sure appropriate training can be given;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 305 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 11
11. Believes that the EU must conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the EUCAP Sahel Mali, EUCAP Sahel Niger, EUCAP Somalia and EUAM CAR civilian missions, adapting them to real needs in order to make them fully operational and effective; integrate them into a wider security sector reform effort at the service of the local population's security;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 310 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 12
12. Considers that the Government of Somalia is unable to perform its duties and that the Somali army is also unable to counter al-Shabab’s terrorist activities and is not yet ready to take over from AMISOM; rRecalls that the Somali army was supposed to take over from AMISOM in December 2021; underlines that the achievement of that objective requires a new and comprehensive assistance programme;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 317 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 13
13. Requires the Malian signatories to the Algiers agreementsAgreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali to abide by and implement them without further delay;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 320 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 14
14. Believes that the European Union should continue its financial support to AMISON via the APF, maintain the presence of the three but revised EU military missions (ATALANTA, EUTM Somalia and EUCAP Somalia), support democratic institutions and continue any training of the national army not linked to regional interestthe establishment of transparent, accountable and democratically controlled security sectors;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 322 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 15
15. Calls for the EU to help the joint forces of the G5 Sahel to become operational through the direct provision of financial assistance for the acquisition of adequate weapons and military equipment; calls on the partners who made pledges at the Brussels Donors’ Conference on 22 February 2018 to implement them expeditiously;deleted
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 328 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 16
16. Believes that the African states have to take responsibility for fulfilling their sovereign duties in all areas cleared of jihadists, traffickers and banditsunder their effective control by providing basic services (administration, water and power supply, health, justice, education), even if some of these services should be temporarily provided by the army or security forces, until such time as the civil administration takes over;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 334 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 17
17. Supports the African request to the United Nations Security Council for the G5 Sahel joint force and AMISON to be placed under Chapter VII of the UN Charter in order to benefit from sustainable funding;deleted
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 344 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 18
18. Stresses that coordination with the countries of North Africa is desirable as well as an effective contribution to peace and reconciliation in Libya in order to prevent it from becoming a hotspot for the spread of jihadism, arms and human traffickingof insecurity;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 348 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 18 a (new)
18 a. Believes that a comprehensive and medium to long term security policy for these regions should also focus on fostering resilience;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 350 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 19
19. Welcomes the efforts of Mauritania to take a social and development approach to its military and security response; expresses its solidarity with Niger, Mali and Burkina Faso, countries that are deeply affected by terrorism; compliments the efforts and sacrifices of the international community, the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali, the Multinational Joint Task Force, the G5 and the French Armed Forces (Operation Barkhane), EUTM Mali and the Chadian Army, which is the essential force in the central and east sectors of the G5 requiring special support for its battalions;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 365 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 20
20. Encourages thNotes that some Member States to support and cooperate with the Barkhane and Takuba operations;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 371 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 21
21. Calls foron the EU to pay particular attention to the spread of jihadviolent extremism, in particular Islamist terrorism, in areas such as the Indian Ocean and West Africa and to lend cooperation and establish aid programmes when required;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 383 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 22
22. States that there can be no security strategy without joint development action; reminds the divers root causes of terrorism and armed conflict; calls for fostering human capital and human development, meeting the needs of the most vulnerable communities and building people’s resilience capacities;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 394 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 23
23. Believes that the European Union should ensure that development plans are multi-sectoral and provide a global solution to the challenges of the region concerned; is of the opinion that these plans must be adopted by the administration in agreement with the local beneficiary communities and implemented with the participation of humanitariancontext-based and multisector; is of the opinion that these plans must be in line with the principles of aid effectiveness (local ownership, harmonization, inclusion of civil society organisations, to ensure effective coordinationransparency) reaffirmed in the European Consensus of Development;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 419 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 25 – point b
b) empowering women by recognising their role as the centre of gravity of African families and promoting their participation in local and national institutions;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 425 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 25 – point c
c) providing basic services such as health and educ, water, sanitation and hygiene, social housing and safety nets, mental health support and protection, education and support for the displaced population to increase people’s confidence in the state;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 436 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 25 – point d a (new)
d a) tackling climate change effects by taking into consideration climate change mitigation and adaptation measures to ensure livelihoods become sustainably resilient to environmental threats;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 442 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 25 – point d b (new)
d b) promoting sustainable agricultural practices like agro-ecology and supporting small scale producers and farmers;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 443 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 25 – point d c (new)
d c) implementing a nutritional nexus to address all forms of malnutrition in all contexts and continue funding for activities bridging humanitarian and development interventions to tackle the root causes;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 451 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 26
26. Expresses its deep concern that the current security crisis in Africa could lead to a massive displacement of the population, undermining North African states and affecting EuropeRecognize the impact of conflicts, poverty, inequalities and climate change on forced displacements and calls the European Union to facilitate regular, safe and dignified migration;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 454 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 26 a (new)
26 a. Calls for dedicated funding under the NDICI for the implementation of the EU Strategic Approach to Women, Peace and Security and its Action Plan; stresses the importance of focused EU actions on gender equality and women empowerment, including by ensuring the participation of African women in local, regional and national institutions;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 457 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 26 b (new)
26 b. Stresses that the NDICI should facilitate access to funds for small African NGOs, especially women’s organisations but also organisations focusing on young people, disabled, indigenous people, LGBTI people, and any discriminated and marginalised communities; stresses that many small organisations are unable to overcome the bureaucratic obstacles to apply for needed funding; recalls Parliament’s position to not support financing and investments operations which are linked to the military or state security sector or might result in violation of HR in partners countries;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 461 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 26 c (new)
26 c. Calls for implementing United Nations Security Council Resolution 2250 (UNSCR 2250) on youth, peace and security in EU-African security cooperation; emphasizes the importance of youth as agents of change in the maintenance and promotion of peace and security; calls for enabling young people’s meaningful and effective participation in conflict prevention and resolution, peacebuilding, post-conflict processes and humanitarian action; stresses the importance of EU actions to ensure youth participation in local, regional and national institutions; calls for training, dedicated funding under the NDICI and increased financial support to youth led peacebuilding initiatives for implementation of UNSCR 2250;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 464 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 26 d (new)
26 d. Urges all military actors in the Sahel to respect International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and to implement a comprehensive response focusing on alleviating the suffering of the most vulnerable section of the population, in particular by considering the protection of civilians as a key indicator of success of any integrated security strategy; stresses the importance that the implementation of all security operations should not worsen the humanitarian situation; calls on all security actors to monitor the impact of their military operations and security measures on access to services – including food and nutrition - and forced displacement, with the aim of minimising their adverse effects on humanitarian needs;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 472 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 28
28. Recommends that the EU, together with the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, intervenes on a financial level to help; control debt and the payment of interest; alls on the EU and its Member States to abide by the call from the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to suspend all debt payments by the poorest countries to other governments as well as the call of African Finance Ministers to suspend all interest payments in 2020, and all principal and interest payments by fragile states including for 2021; urges the Commission and Member States to develop anew debt relief initiative regarding the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries affected by COVID-19; recalls that rising debt levels limit the capacity of these countries to provide basic health care systems and services designed to guarantee basic human rights; accordingly, stresses the need to link debt relief measures with additional mobilisation of Official Development Aid (ODA); calls for the creation of a multilateral debt workout mechanism to address both the impact of the crisis and the financing requirements of the Agenda 2030; calls on the EU to help fighting corruption that hinders an important part of the financial aid to reach the population, thus preventing a lot of countries to develop in a sustainable way;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 483 #

2020/2002(INI)

Motion for a resolution
Paragraph 29
29. Recommends that the countries concerned adopt the necessary measures ensure accountability for IHL violations committed by all parties, to allow free access to humanitarian aid and basic services for people in need, including those living in territories outside government control, consider amending their anti-terrorist legislation to include humanitarian exemptions allow negotiations of humanitarian access with all parties to the conflict, and stresses the importance that the delivery of humanitarian aid be perceived as neutral and impartial to, and ensure the safety of humanitarian workers;
2020/05/07
Committee: AFET
Amendment 71 #

2020/0035(COD)

Proposal for a decision
Recital 7
(7) While the share of passenger rail in the Union land transport has only slightly increased since 2007, the share of freight has decreased. Many obstacles remain to achieve a true Single European Rail Area, including in respect of the need to foster interoperability and digitalisation, accelerate the implementation of European wide modern train management systems (ERTMS) for both on-board and track-side equipment, to internalise the external costs and to minimise noise. Overcoming these obstacles together with cost reduction and accelerated innovation will allow rail to realise its full potential, while ensuring the functioning of the internal market, increasing traffic and maintaining or improving the high safety levels. Rail therefore needs a further boost to become more attractive to travellers and businesses alike.
2020/07/07
Committee: TRAN
Amendment 164 #

2020/0035(COD)

Proposal for a decision
Article 3 – paragraph 1 a (new)
1a. The Commission shall support the development of railways as a sustainable part of Union mobility policy by renewing efforts to complete the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) in respect of both on-board rolling stock and infrastructure, and to minimise noise, while ensuring the functioning of the internal market and maintaining or improving the high safety levels;
2020/07/07
Committee: TRAN