BETA


1997/0198(COD) Encrypted services: legal protection of services based on or consisting of conditional access

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead JURI ANASTASSOPOULOS Georgios (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Responsible Committee JURI ANASTASSOPOULOS Georgios (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion ECON WOLF Friedrich (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Former Committee Opinion ENVI
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
EC before Amsterdam E 057-p2, EC before Amsterdam E 066, EC before Amsterdam E 100A

Events

2008/09/30
   EC - Follow-up document
Details

Ten years after Directive 98/84/EC on the legal protection of services based on, or consisting of, conditional access, the Commission is presenting a second report on its implementation. The question now is whether the Directive as it currently stands is still useful and appropriate. The present context is characterised by market potential for new content distribution platforms: Web TV, IP-TV, mobile TV, video-on-demand. Do these markets need to be protected in the same way as pay-TV? Is the protection afforded by the Directive useful to them, or even necessary? Such questions only arise, of course, if the response to the opening question is that the Directive is indeed effective. One is forced to acknowledge that the piracy which the Directive seeks to combat adapts extremely well to technological progress and even thrives on the new possibilities available.

This report has addressed various aspects of the implementation of the Directive which pose problems or raise questions. The main elements are as follows:

1) the Directive has been transposed by the Member States in general and this has made it possible to curb piracy in the European Union and, thanks to the entry into the EU of certain countries previously affected by piracy, to change its geographical pattern, pushing the centres of piracy outside the Directive's sphere of influence.

2) the efficiency of its implementation occasionally seems questionable, thus reducing the legal security of audiovisual service providers. In particular, implementation at national level suffers, depending on the circumstances, either from sanctions which are too light or from a lack of command of the technical nature of the field on the part of the national authorities. On this latter point, it should be pointed out that the ongoing technological evolution continually increases the complexity of this subject area, with the emergence of new types of piracy, new distribution platforms or new conditional access systems such as certain digital rights management systems.

3) with regard to free movement , despite the deployment of a Community framework intended to promote the development of the single market in these services, there has been only limited development of completely legal cross-border services. The grey market is the cross-border mechanism which seems the most developed, but this is only tolerated by the operators, while the availability of audiovisual services of the State of origin is an important factor in the welfare of European citizens exercising their right to free movement within the European Union.

4) lastly, certain restrictions upon the implementation of the protection afforded by the Directive require more in-depth analysis. This may concern, firstly, the possibility of imposing sanctions for the private possession of illicit systems, a proposal from the operators but one which is not easy to implement, and secondly, the situation of the operators who do not benefit from adequate protection, such as holders of rights in respect of sports events.

The following actions can be taken to improve its application and address convergence :

- Establishment of a group of experts : t he Commission proposes to set up an expert group on conditional access made up of experts from the Member States. The group will operate following the model of the e-commerce expert group and with a similar mandate. The conditional access group will have to take action to bolster and facilitate administrative cooperation between Member States as well as between the Member States and the Commission, discuss problems related to the application of the "Conditional Access" Directive 98/84/EC and discuss topical problems associated with the use of conditional access systems.

The subjects to be tackled as priorities are those outlined in this report, chiefly: new forms of piracy, assessment of the deterrent nature of the sanctions in place, scope for a sanction on private possession within the protection of conditional access systems, links with legislative provisions on copyright protection, the inclusion of DRM (digital rights management) as a conditional access system, and the protection of the use of conditional access systems for purposes other than protecting remuneration. The group will also take into account all aspects which can contribute to personal data and privacy protection. By adopting this report, the Commission is taking the decision to establish such a group by the end of the year 2008.

- Working group on the grey market : t he Commission will also propose that the expert group mandate a specific working party to tackle the subject of the grey market. In the first instance, this working party should strive to compile as much information as possible on the intra-Community movements of European citizens and on their audiovisual service consumption habits. It could go on to explore various avenues that might offer solutions enabling interested citizens to access services provided from their Member State of origin.

- Gathering information : t he report highlights a certain lack of information, in particular concerning the exercise by European citizens of the right to free movement and the supply and demand situation for audiovisual services abroad. Such information should help to establish the potential of the cross-border markets and contribute to deliberations on copyright and rights to sports events. The Commission proposes to launch a survey on the subject at the beginning of 2009.

In another field, information on the sale of rights to sports events will be gathered as part of the study on sports financing announced by the Commission in its White Paper on sport. This information should constitute the first phase in gathering information on the situation of holders of rights to sports events when faced with piracy involving the retransmission of events.

- Ratification of the European Convention on the Legal Protection of Services based on, or consisting of, Conditional Access : t his Convention has considerable potential to extend the protection of conditional access services internationally, beyond the territory of the European Union. The European Community's ratification of the Convention would enable new impetus to be given to international action among the 47 members of the Council of Europe. The Commission will therefore shortly propose to the Council that it ratify the Convention on behalf of the European Community.

2008/09/30
   EC - Follow-up document
2003/04/24
   EC - Follow-up document
1998/11/28
   Final act published in Official Journal
1998/11/20
   CSL - Final act signed
1998/11/20
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
1998/11/13
   EC - Commission opinion on Parliament's position at 2nd reading
1998/11/09
   CSL - Act approved by Council, 2nd reading
1998/11/09
   CSL - Council Meeting
1998/10/08
   EP - Text adopted by Parliament, 2nd reading
1998/10/08
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 2nd reading
Documents
1998/10/07
   EP - Debate in Parliament
1998/09/23
   EP - Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
1998/09/23
   EP - Vote in committee, 2nd reading
1998/09/23
   EP - Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
Documents
1998/09/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
1998/08/20
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
1998/07/16
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading
1998/07/08
   EC - Commission communication on Council's position
1998/06/29
   CSL - Council position
1998/06/29
   CSL - Council position published
Documents
1998/06/29
   CSL - Council Meeting
1998/05/18
   EC - Modified legislative proposal
1998/05/18
   EC - Modified legislative proposal published
1998/05/18
   CSL - Council Meeting
1998/04/30
   EP - Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
1998/04/30
   EP - Debate in Parliament
Details

The Commissioner indicated that the Commission could accept Amendments Nos 1 to 4, 6 to 8, 10, 12 to 17, 19 and 23 to 25. However, Amendments Nos 20 (which extended the proposal’s scope beyond anti-piracy measures) and 22 (which, by restricting the definition of illicit pirate devices, risked weakening the protection envisaged by the proposal) could not be accepted. Likewise, because they were not sufficiently clear, Amendments Nos 5, 9, 11, 18, 21 and one part of Amendment No 23 could also not be accepted. Despite these differences of opinion, the Commissioner concluded by highlighting that the agreement between the institutions on the final objective of combating piracy was broadly based.

1998/04/30
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
1998/04/15
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
1998/04/15
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
1998/04/15
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
1998/03/26
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
1998/03/12
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
1998/03/09
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
1998/03/05
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
1998/02/25
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
1998/02/20
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
1998/02/19
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
1997/12/12
   EP - WOLF Friedrich (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
1997/10/14
   EP - ANASTASSOPOULOS Georgios (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
1997/10/14
   EP - ANASTASSOPOULOS Georgios (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
1997/10/01
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
1997/07/09
   EC - Legislative proposal
1997/07/09
   EC - Legislative proposal published

Documents

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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  • date: 1998-11-13T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=1998&nu_doc=627 title: EUR-Lex title: COM(1998)0627 summary: type: Commission opinion on Parliament's position at 2nd reading body: EC
  • date: 2003-04-24T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2003/0198/COM_COM(2003)0198_EN.pdf title: COM(2003)0198 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2003&nu_doc=198 title: EUR-Lex summary: type: Follow-up document body: EC
  • date: 2008-09-30T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2008/0593/COM_COM(2008)0593_EN.pdf title: COM(2008)0593 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2008&nu_doc=593 title: EUR-Lex summary: Ten years after Directive 98/84/EC on the legal protection of services based on, or consisting of, conditional access, the Commission is presenting a second report on its implementation. The question now is whether the Directive as it currently stands is still useful and appropriate. The present context is characterised by market potential for new content distribution platforms: Web TV, IP-TV, mobile TV, video-on-demand. Do these markets need to be protected in the same way as pay-TV? Is the protection afforded by the Directive useful to them, or even necessary? Such questions only arise, of course, if the response to the opening question is that the Directive is indeed effective. One is forced to acknowledge that the piracy which the Directive seeks to combat adapts extremely well to technological progress and even thrives on the new possibilities available. This report has addressed various aspects of the implementation of the Directive which pose problems or raise questions. The main elements are as follows: 1) the Directive has been transposed by the Member States in general and this has made it possible to curb piracy in the European Union and, thanks to the entry into the EU of certain countries previously affected by piracy, to change its geographical pattern, pushing the centres of piracy outside the Directive's sphere of influence. 2) the efficiency of its implementation occasionally seems questionable, thus reducing the legal security of audiovisual service providers. In particular, implementation at national level suffers, depending on the circumstances, either from sanctions which are too light or from a lack of command of the technical nature of the field on the part of the national authorities. On this latter point, it should be pointed out that the ongoing technological evolution continually increases the complexity of this subject area, with the emergence of new types of piracy, new distribution platforms or new conditional access systems such as certain digital rights management systems. 3) with regard to free movement , despite the deployment of a Community framework intended to promote the development of the single market in these services, there has been only limited development of completely legal cross-border services. The grey market is the cross-border mechanism which seems the most developed, but this is only tolerated by the operators, while the availability of audiovisual services of the State of origin is an important factor in the welfare of European citizens exercising their right to free movement within the European Union. 4) lastly, certain restrictions upon the implementation of the protection afforded by the Directive require more in-depth analysis. This may concern, firstly, the possibility of imposing sanctions for the private possession of illicit systems, a proposal from the operators but one which is not easy to implement, and secondly, the situation of the operators who do not benefit from adequate protection, such as holders of rights in respect of sports events. The following actions can be taken to improve its application and address convergence : - Establishment of a group of experts : t he Commission proposes to set up an expert group on conditional access made up of experts from the Member States. The group will operate following the model of the e-commerce expert group and with a similar mandate. The conditional access group will have to take action to bolster and facilitate administrative cooperation between Member States as well as between the Member States and the Commission, discuss problems related to the application of the "Conditional Access" Directive 98/84/EC and discuss topical problems associated with the use of conditional access systems. The subjects to be tackled as priorities are those outlined in this report, chiefly: new forms of piracy, assessment of the deterrent nature of the sanctions in place, scope for a sanction on private possession within the protection of conditional access systems, links with legislative provisions on copyright protection, the inclusion of DRM (digital rights management) as a conditional access system, and the protection of the use of conditional access systems for purposes other than protecting remuneration. The group will also take into account all aspects which can contribute to personal data and privacy protection. By adopting this report, the Commission is taking the decision to establish such a group by the end of the year 2008. - Working group on the grey market : t he Commission will also propose that the expert group mandate a specific working party to tackle the subject of the grey market. In the first instance, this working party should strive to compile as much information as possible on the intra-Community movements of European citizens and on their audiovisual service consumption habits. It could go on to explore various avenues that might offer solutions enabling interested citizens to access services provided from their Member State of origin. - Gathering information : t he report highlights a certain lack of information, in particular concerning the exercise by European citizens of the right to free movement and the supply and demand situation for audiovisual services abroad. Such information should help to establish the potential of the cross-border markets and contribute to deliberations on copyright and rights to sports events. The Commission proposes to launch a survey on the subject at the beginning of 2009. In another field, information on the sale of rights to sports events will be gathered as part of the study on sports financing announced by the Commission in its White Paper on sport. This information should constitute the first phase in gathering information on the situation of holders of rights to sports events when faced with piracy involving the retransmission of events. - Ratification of the European Convention on the Legal Protection of Services based on, or consisting of, Conditional Access : t his Convention has considerable potential to extend the protection of conditional access services internationally, beyond the territory of the European Union. The European Community's ratification of the Convention would enable new impetus to be given to international action among the 47 members of the Council of Europe. The Commission will therefore shortly propose to the Council that it ratify the Convention on behalf of the European Community. type: Follow-up document body: EC
  • date: 2008-09-30T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2008/2506/COM_SEC(2008)2506_EN.pdf title: SEC(2008)2506 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=SECfinal&an_doc=2008&nu_doc=2506 title: EUR-Lex type: Follow-up document body: EC
events
  • date: 1997-07-09T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=1997&nu_doc=356 title: EUR-Lex title: COM(1997)0356 summary:
  • date: 1997-10-01T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 1998-04-15T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP summary:
  • date: 1998-04-15T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A4-1998-136&language=EN title: A4-0136/1998
  • date: 1998-04-30T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=19980430&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament summary: The Commissioner indicated that the Commission could accept Amendments Nos 1 to 4, 6 to 8, 10, 12 to 17, 19 and 23 to 25. However, Amendments Nos 20 (which extended the proposal’s scope beyond anti-piracy measures) and 22 (which, by restricting the definition of illicit pirate devices, risked weakening the protection envisaged by the proposal) could not be accepted. Likewise, because they were not sufficiently clear, Amendments Nos 5, 9, 11, 18, 21 and one part of Amendment No 23 could also not be accepted. Despite these differences of opinion, the Commissioner concluded by highlighting that the agreement between the institutions on the final objective of combating piracy was broadly based.
  • date: 1998-04-30T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: title: T4-0241/1998 summary:
  • date: 1998-05-18T00:00:00 type: Modified legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=1998&nu_doc=332 title: EUR-Lex title: COM(1998)0332 summary:
  • date: 1998-06-29T00:00:00 type: Council position published body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=8710%2F98&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 08710/1/1998 summary:
  • date: 1998-07-16T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading body: EP
  • date: 1998-09-23T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 2nd reading body: EP summary:
  • date: 1998-09-23T00:00:00 type: Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A4-1998-325&language=EN title: A4-0325/1998
  • date: 1998-10-07T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=19981007&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 1998-10-08T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 2nd reading body: EP docs: title: T4-0567/1998 summary:
  • date: 1998-11-09T00:00:00 type: Act approved by Council, 2nd reading body: CSL
  • date: 1998-11-20T00:00:00 type: Final act signed body: CSL
  • date: 1998-11-20T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 1998-11-28T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal docs: title: Directive 1998/84 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=31998L0084 title: OJ L 320 28.11.1998, p. 0054 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:1998:320:SOM:EN:HTML
other
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
JURI/4/10268
New
  • JURI/4/10268
procedure/final/url
Old
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=31998L0084
New
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=31998L0084
procedure/legal_basis/2
EC before Amsterdam E 100A
procedure/legal_basis/2
EC before Amsterdam E 100
procedure/subject
Old
  • 3.30.05 Electronic and mobile communications, personal communications
  • 3.50.15 Intellectual property, copyright
New
3.30.05
Electronic and mobile communications, personal communications
3.50.15
Intellectual property, copyright
links/European Commission/title
Old
PreLex
New
EUR-Lex
activities
  • date: 1997-07-09T00:00:00 docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=1997&nu_doc=356 celexid: CELEX:51997PC0356:EN type: Legislative proposal published title: COM(1997)0356 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC commission:
  • date: 1997-10-01T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: ECON date: 1997-12-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs, Industrial Policy rapporteur: group: V name: WOLF Friedrich body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Consumer Protection committee: ENVI body: EP responsible: True committee: JURI date: 1997-10-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Legal Affairs, Citizens' Rights rapporteur: group: PPE name: ANASTASSOPOULOS Georgios
  • body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: ECON date: 1997-12-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs, Industrial Policy rapporteur: group: V name: WOLF Friedrich body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Consumer Protection committee: ENVI body: EP responsible: True committee: JURI date: 1997-10-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Legal Affairs, Citizens' Rights rapporteur: group: PPE name: ANASTASSOPOULOS Georgios docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A4-1998-136&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A4-0136/1998 date: 1998-04-15T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 1998-04-30T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=19980430&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T4-0241/1998 body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 1998-05-18T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Competitiveness (Internal Market, Industry, Research and Space) meeting_id: 2094
  • date: 1998-05-18T00:00:00 docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=1998&nu_doc=332 celexid: CELEX:51998PC0332:EN type: Modified legislative proposal published title: COM(1998)0332 type: Modified legislative proposal published body: EC commission:
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2111 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=8710%2F98&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC type: Council position published title: 08710/1/1998 council: General Affairs date: 1998-06-29T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 1998-07-16T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: JURI date: 1997-10-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Legal Affairs, Citizens' Rights rapporteur: group: PPE name: ANASTASSOPOULOS Georgios
  • body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: JURI date: 1997-10-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Legal Affairs, Citizens' Rights rapporteur: group: PPE name: ANASTASSOPOULOS Georgios docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A4-1998-325&language=EN type: Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading title: A4-0325/1998 date: 1998-09-23T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 2nd reading
  • date: 1998-10-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=19981007&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 1998-10-08T00:00:00 docs: type: Decision by Parliament, 2nd reading title: T4-0567/1998 body: EP type: Decision by Parliament, 2nd reading
  • date: 1998-11-09T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Competitiveness (Internal Market, Industry, Research and Space) meeting_id: 2130
  • date: 1998-11-20T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Final act signed
  • date: 1998-11-20T00:00:00 body: EP type: End of procedure in Parliament
  • date: 1998-11-28T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=31998L0084 title: Directive 1998/84 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:1998:320:TOC title: OJ L 320 28.11.1998, p. 0054
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: ECON date: 1997-12-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs, Industrial Policy rapporteur: group: V name: WOLF Friedrich
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Consumer Protection committee: ENVI
  • body: EP responsible: True committee: JURI date: 1997-10-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Legal Affairs, Citizens' Rights rapporteur: group: PPE name: ANASTASSOPOULOS Georgios
links
European Commission
other
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
procedure
dossier_of_the_committee
JURI/4/10268
reference
1997/0198(COD)
instrument
Directive
legal_basis
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Legislation
title
Encrypted services: legal protection of services based on or consisting of conditional access
type
COD - Ordinary legislative procedure (ex-codecision procedure)
final
subject