BETA


2003/0300(COD) Energy end-use efficiency and energy services

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ITRE ROTHE Mechtild (icon: PSE PSE)
Former Responsible Committee ITRE ROTHE Mechtild (icon: PSE PSE)
Former Responsible Committee ITRE ROTHE Mechtild (icon: PES PES)
Former Committee Opinion ECON WORTMANN-KOOL Corien (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Former Committee Opinion ENVI KORHOLA Eija-Riitta (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Former Committee Opinion IMCO
Former Committee Opinion ECON
Former Committee Opinion JURI
Former Committee Opinion ENVI KORHOLA Eija-Riitta (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
EC Treaty (after Amsterdam) EC 175-p1

Events

2014/01/08
   EC - Follow-up document
Details

The Commission presents a progress report on the application of Directive 2006/32/EC on energy end-use efficiency and energy services and on the application of Directive 2004/8/EC on the promotion of cogeneration based on a useful heat demand in the internal energy market.

In accordance with the requirements of Directive 2006/32/EC on energy services, Members States were required to fix and aim to achieve a national indicative energy savings target for 2016 of at least 9% of final energy. Most of the provisions of this Directive have been replaced by more precisely detailed provisions in the EED. However, the requirements related to the 9% target will not be repealed until 2017.

Quality of EEAPs: the Directive on energy services (ESD) requires that Member States report on their main adopted and planned energy efficiency measures in their Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAPs). In general, the Commission considers that the overall quality of the second EEAPs submitted by the Member States in 2011-2012 under the framework of the ESD was much higher than that of the first EEAPs , which were submitted in 2007-2008.

Final energy savings : in practice implementation of the ESD has resulted, above all, in measures targeting energy end use, for example, programmes to refurbish and renovate buildings.

Almost all Member States reported, in their second EEAPs, measures covering both new and existing buildings as well as residential and tertiary buildings.

Encouraging results: Member States' EEAPs indicate high levels of final energy savings achieved up to 2010 and suggest that the 9% indicative target for 2016 will be comfortably exceeded by most Member States. Total final energy savings for 2010 as declared by the Member States were approximately 59 Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent). Total final energy savings of around 132 Mtoe are forecast for 2016, well in excess of the 9% indicative target of approximately 89 Mtoe. Spain and Germany forecast the highest levels of savings, while four Member States (Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark and Estonia) quantify 2016 savings that are lower than 9% of their reference energy consumption.

The levels of overall savings achieved and forecast in the second EEAPs are higher than other indicators of energy efficiency improvement rates. According to the second EEAPs, Member

States that use mostly top-down indicators declare an energy efficiency improvement of 6.6% for the 3-year intermediate period (2007-2010), or an average annual improvement of over 2.1% of reference consumption. This figure is in contrast with the average rate of final energy intensity reduction of around 1.2% recorded for the years 2000-2009 by the Odyssee project.

The Commission states that this is encouraging and shows that Member States' commitment pays off in terms of energy saving.

Financing: in terms of financing energy saving measures, the use of EU funds as well as revenues from the sale of Assigned Amount Units (AAUs) under the Kyoto Protocol have been reported by a number of Member States. At the same time, efforts to increase the involvement of the private sector in the financing of energy efficiency improvements are on the rise throughout the EU.

Horizontal measures: the number of promising horizontal measures has increased from the first to the second reporting period. In line with this, energy savings obligations now form a key part of efforts to encourage accelerated rates of energy savings . Established white certificate schemes were reported as being already operational in five Member States. Two Member States report in their second EEAP the upcoming introduction of such schemes.

Energy Services Companies ('ESCOs'): these remain a further key area of financing energy efficiency in the EU. In line with this, a number of Member States indicate the provision of model contracts for energy services , the introduction of legislation or the removal of legal barriers to open energy services in the public sector to ESCOs.

The Commission concludes that the progress achieved should be maintained in views of achieving the EU's ambitious 2020 energy savings target of 20%, and the concrete transposition and implementation of the EED, a key instrument to achieving that target.

It states that proposals for additional measures or amendments to the ESD Directive are not considered appropriate at this time.

2014/01/08
   EC - Follow-up document
2009/10/09
   EC - Follow-up document
Documents
2009/10/09
   EC - Follow-up document
2009/10/09
   EC - Follow-up document
2009/06/23
   EC - Follow-up document
Details

This Commission Staff Working Document provides a synthesis of the complete assessments of all 27 National Energy Efficiency Action Plans (NEEAPs) as required by Directive 2006/32/EC on energy end-use efficiency and energy services.

The Commission recognises the great potential that NEEAPs could play in improving the focus on energy efficiency and in streamlining Member States' efforts supporting citizens and market actors in saving energy in a cost-effective manner, thus reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, increasing the competitiveness of European businesses, creating jobs and retaining jobs and improving the energy security of the Community.

Furthermore, the current climate seems to provide the perfect opportunity to bring together all energy efficiency reporting requirements – existing and new – into one Action Plan, providing one single reporting system for monitoring and evaluation of progress. Such a coordinated approach would greatly assist Member States in fulfilling their reporting obligations concerning greenhouse gas emissions and would improve implementation of measures.

According to the Commission, a successful Action Plan would:

place energy efficiency policy firmly within the broader policy context; prioritise resource allocation across the entire energy efficiency portfolio; ensure that synergies between policies are captured and duplication avoided, and that clear responsibilities for implementation is allocated; place consumers at the heart of the proposed policies.

However, few, if any, of the Action Plans delivered by Member States fit this description. Given the growing importance of energy savings to energy security and sustainable development of the Community, the Commission urges Member States to act quickly – especially given the recent economic downturn and notably concerning investments in energy efficiency which is set to retain and create jobs in a local context – and would welcome Member States taking the initiative to further improve their NEEAPs and their implementation.

2008/01/23
   EC - Follow-up document
Details

This report has been prepared by the Commission in accordance with requirements set out in Directive 2006/32/EC on energy end-use efficiency and energy savings. Under the terms of the Directive, each Member State is required to prepare a “National Energy Efficiency Action Plan” (NEEAPs) and to notify it to the Commission by 30 June 2007. Not all Member States managed to meet this obligation. Hence this report is based on 17 NEEAPs only and as such offers a partial response only. This, the first such report, provides an overview of the range of strategies and measures presented by the Member States and it identifies good practices which merit closer examination.

Energy conservation and energy efficiency improvements are of increasing importance within the context of environmental sustainability and the security of energy supply. The NEEAPs provide a practical demonstration of Member States’ commitment to achieving reduced CO2 targets. The report notes that whilst efficiency improvements are already being achieved and leading to a decrease in energy intensity, the total energy consumption in Europe is, nevertheless, increasing. This in turn leads to increased CO2 emissions and fossil fuel import dependency.

To recall, the Directive requires that the Member States adopt a 9% indicative energy end-use savings target by 2016 and that the legal framework for promoting energy efficiency is up and running by the end of 2016. Further, by 2010 the Member States must have established a national indicative savings target. In other provisions, the Directive requires that the public authorities set an exemplary role in order to encourage other actors to undertake energy efficiency action plans. In short, they are to demonstrate to others that they are stepping up to the challenge and leading by example.

A first assessment:

The first review of the 17 NEEAPs submitted indicates that five Member States have adopted a savings target that goes beyond the minimum target of 9%. Several Member States say they intend to achieve higher savings targets but fail to specify, formally, how they are going to achieve this. Several NEEAPs envisage that a sizeable portion of their total savings, over the nine-year period, will come from so called existing or “early actions”. Six NEEAPS do not cover the entire nine-year period set by the Directive.

As far as the exemplary role of the public sector is concerned the report notes that several Member States have set out comprehensive action plans, demonstrating that they are stepping up to the challenge and leading by example. On the other hand, several Member States state that they will comply with the Directive’s provisions on public sector requirements but fail to describe how. On the matter of promoting energy efficiency, it appears that most of the Member States will advocate energy efficiency through general information campaigns and/or targeted efforts linked to incentive schemes. An array of incentive schemes (financial and fiscal) are set out in the NEEAPs. Many are horizontal in nature, addressing more than one sector. Other instruments include voluntary agreements; market based instruments; and energy service companies (ESCOs). In other measures, many Member States have set up the institutional infrastructure to facilitate an energy efficiency programme (i.e. Energy Agencies) as well as putting considerable effort into considering transport and spatial planning initiatives (i.e. fuel efficiency initiatives).

Among the NEEAPs reviewed by the Commission, several present comprehensive strategies and plans that are likely to deliver savings beyond the required 9%. However, many of the plans offer a “business-as-usual” approach that fail to offer forward-thinking, visionary strategies..

Moving forward:

Within the coming months, the Commission will continue to analyse and review the NEEAPs with a view to assessing whether they are realistic. In the meantime infringement procedures against those Member States who have failed to notify their NEEAPs will continue.

Conclusions:

To conclude the report, the Commission notes that the NEEAPs offer an opportunity to focus on energy efficiency – a matter of strategic importance to the EU. Whilst, at first glance the NEEAPs offer some encouragement, they also reveal considerable gaps between political commitment and measures adopted. The Commission, therefore, looks forward to the submission of further plans and the exchange of best practice. Progress towards strategic objectives, as agreed in March 2007, will be assessed in the second Strategic Energy Review, which in turn will help formulate recommendations for future policy developments. This will almost certainly include an energy efficiency component. The report concludes by setting out, in Annex, data on the calculation of CO2 benefits from the savings targets, as provided for in the Energy Services Directive.

2006/04/27
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to enhance the cost-effective improvement of energy end-use efficiency in the Member States.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Directive 2006/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy end-use efficiency and energy services and repealing Council Directive 93/76/EEC.

CONTENT: in agreeing on this Act the EU intends to contribute towards the improved security of energy supply as well as reducing the emission of dangerous greenhouse gases. Improved energy end-use efficiency will make it possible to exploit potential cost-effective energy savings in an economically viable way. The realisation of the Directive’s principle objective, i.e. the cost-effective improvement of energy end-use efficiency in the Member States, will be achieved by setting energy savings targets of 9% for the ninth year of the Directive’s application. In other measures, the Directive sets out provisions which create the conditions needed for the development and promotion of a market for energy services and for the delivery of other energy efficiency improvement measures for final consumers.

In addition to setting a 9% target, the Directive obliges the Member States to prepare three national energy efficiency action plans (EEAP). The public sector is expected to fulfil an exemplary role in achieving the objective’s of this Directive and must invest, maintain and ensure that related expenditure on energy-using equipment, is spent bearing energy-efficiency in mind. Rules on improved consumer information and energy consumption are spelt out as are provision on better metering and the billing of energy consumption.

The first energy efficiency action plan must be submitted no later than 30 June 2007.

TRANSPOSITION: 17 May 2008. For Article 14 (1), (2) and (4) relating to the Reporting requirements of the EEAPs, the deadline for transposition is 17 May 2006.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 17 May 2006.

2006/04/05
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2006/04/05
   CSL - Final act signed
2006/04/05
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2006/03/14
   CSL - Act approved by Council, 2nd reading
2006/03/14
   CSL - Council Meeting
2006/02/07
   EC - Commission opinion on Parliament's position at 2nd reading
Details

The Commission presents an amended proposal and states that it can accept in full all 49 amendments adopted by the European Parliament. They are the result of a compromise package agreed between the European Parliament and the Council for the second reading. The amendments are in line with the objectives of the Commission’s proposal and succeed in introducing mandatory elements that compensate for the lack of a binding energy savings target and a separate target for the public sector. The conclusion of the compromise package has been facilitated by the introduction of national Energy Efficiency Action Plans and related mandatory reporting requirements. Moreover, the introduction of binding requirements for the public sector has made the compromise proposal more acceptable to the Commission.

The amendments to the common position refer mainly to:

- New recitals to clarify certain conditions laid down in the Articles, especially Articles 4, 5 and 6, in which savings targets, public sector obligations and obligations on energy retail and distribution companies, respectively, are established.

- Definitions that increase the scope of the Directive, although only marginally.

- The introduction of an intermediate savings target for the third year of application of the Directive, to be reported in the first national Energy Efficiency Action Plan by 30 June 2007, along with an overview of the Member State strategy on the achievement of the intermediate target and overall savings targets.

- Systematic and rigorous reporting requirements by the Member States and by the Commission, including activity in the public sector.

- The development of the energy efficiency improvement measurement system.

- The introduction of an indicative list of energy conversion markets and sub-markets for which benchmarks can be worked out.

- The inclusion of public sector obligations relating to the energy-efficient purchasing, rental, replacement and retrofitting of buildings.

2006/01/12
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2005/12/13
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2005/12/13
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 2nd reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted a resolution drafted by Mechtild ROTHE (PES, DE) with 582 votes in favour, 13 against with 18 abstentions. Parliament adopted 49 compromise amendments, which are the result of negotiations between the rapporteur, shadow rapporteurs and the Council. The compromise adopted asks Member States to save 9% of the energy supplied to end users in the nine years following the directive's entry into force. Member States may set themselves a higher target. The Council had been arguing for a 6% reduction over six years. The national energy savings in relation to the national indicative energy savings target will be measured as from 1 January 2008. Member States will have to adopt three multi-annual Energy Efficiency Action Plans:

-For the purpose of the first Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAP) t o be submitted, Member States must establish an intermediate national indicative energy savings target for the third year of application of the Directive, and an overview of its strategy on the achievement of the intermediate and overall targets . The Commission will give an opinion on whether the intermediate national indicative target appears realistic and consistent with the overall target. The first EEAP must be submitted to the Commission no later than 30 June 2007.

-Not later than 30 June 2011 Member States must submit a second EEAP, and the third one must be submitted not later than 30 June 2014. All EEAPs must describe the energy efficiency measures planned to reach the targets set out, as well as to meet the provisions on the exemplary role of the public sector and provision of information and advice to final customers set out in the legislation. The second and third EEAPs must include a thorough analysis and evaluation of the preceding plan, include the final results with regard to the fulfilment of the energy savings targets set out, and plans for - and anticipated effects of - additional measures which address any existing or expected shortfall of the target.

-Member States must facilitate and enable an exchange of best practices between public sector bodies, for example on energy-efficient public procurement practices, both at the national and international level.

-Member States will have a period of two years to transpose the directive into national law with the exception of the first EEAP which has to be submitted by 30 June 2007 and which will be reviewed by the Commission before 1 January 2008. The EEAPs will be assessed in accordance with the prescribed procedure. The second EEAP shall be reviewed before 1 January 2012. The third EEAP shall be reviewed before 1 January 2015.

-By 30 June 2008, the Commission shall develop a set of harmonised energy efficiency indicators and benchmarks based upon them, taking into account available data or data that can be collected in a cost-effective manner for each Member State.

- Not later than 2 years after the date of entry into force of the Directive, the Commission shall publish a cost-benefit impact assessment examining the linkages between EU standards, regulations, policies and measures on end-use energy efficiency.

Finally, the public sector must set an example. Member States are invited to develop guidance aiming to include energy efficiency as a criterion for public procurement processes. More information will be provided to consumers on energy end use efficiency and they will receive detailed and regular statements on their energy consumption.

Documents
2005/12/12
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2005/11/30
   EP - Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
Documents
2005/11/30
   EP - Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
Documents
2005/11/23
   EP - Vote in committee, 2nd reading
Details

The committee adopted the report by Mechtild ROTHE (PES, DE) amending the Council's common position under the 2nd reading of the codecision procedure. It reinstated, sometimes in modified form, a number of amendments adopted by Parliament at 1st reading and also tabled new amendments:

- as regards the indicative targets for national energy savings through energy services and energy efficiency measures, MEPs wanted Member States to save 11.5% after nine years (following the directive's entry into force), whereas the Council had proposed an overall target of 6% to be reached after six years;

- particular emphasis should be placed on reporting and monitoring , to encourage the Member States to undertake long-term comprehensive plans for energy efficiency and energy savings. As a compromise between the Council's common position and Parliament's 1st reading proposals, MEPs called for Member States to submit Energy Efficiency Action Plans (as proposed in the Green Paper on energy efficiency) which would serve not only as reports but also as guidelines;

- within the EEAPs, Member States should establish three consecutive 3-year intermediate targets , which will be audited and assessed by the Commission. The first of these targets should be at least 3%;

- should the reporting show that the measures implemented by Member States are not leading to the increases in energy efficiency laid down, the Commission should be able to require the Member State to implement additional measures to reach the targets, which shall cease to be indicative;

- Member States should work towards common EU-wide benchmarks and indicators for the energy conversion markets and sub-markets. These would be integrated into the EEAPs;

- whereas the Council had deleted any reference to targets for the public sector, the committee called for Member States to ensure that higher indicative energy savings targets are set for the public sector, as appropriate for its exemplary role. The committee also called once again for the public sector to include energy efficiency as an assessment criterion in competitive tendering for public contracts;

- as a compromise between Council and Parliament on the question of laying down a definition for the public sector (the Council was opposed to this) , the committee proposed that Member States should "define the public sector covered by the target in the context of this Directive";

- MEPs reiterated Parliament's 1st reading position requiring Member States to provide "all relevant customer information on energy end-use efficiency and energy savings". They also wanted customers to receive bills on the basis of their actual consumption in more cases than provided for by Council;

- the committee reinstated the clause previously introduced by Parliament requiring the Commission to assess to what extent "energy efficiency is and may further be achieved through conversion of energy and installations, such as shifting from individual boilers to district heating or from a fossil energy source to a renewable energy";

- by way of a compromise between Council and Parliament with regard to the evaluation of measures, MEPs proposed a combination of bottom-up and top-down calculation methods, with a predetermined, gradual increase in the bottom-up element (30-40% for the period up to the third year and at least 40-60% up to the sixth year). This standardised calculation model should become uniform throughout Europe ;

- the directive should be implemented by Member States one year after its entry in force (as opposed to two years in the common position);

- lastly , the committee reinstated a series of 1st reading amendments to Annex III concerning eligible energy improvement measures.

2005/10/27
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2005/10/19
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2005/09/29
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading
2005/09/27
   EP - ROTHE Mechtild (PSE) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2005/09/26
   EC - Commission communication on Council's position
Details

The Commission accepts the Council’s Common Position in light of the fact that most of the changes are acceptable compromises and act as a good basis for the second reading of the proposal. Generally speaking, the Common Position is faithful to the spirit of the Commission’s original proposal.

There are, however, two exceptions to the rule, namely changing the nature of the overall savings target from binding to indicative and removing the public sector from the savings target.

There are many issues incorporated into the Common Position, which the Commission considers positive to the overall final look of the Directive. They refer, in particular, to matters such as improved definitions, a satisfactory comitology process and a useful framework for measuring energy efficiency improvements. Other matters considered an improvement on the original proposal are the additional flexibility for the cost-effective implementation of the Directive within the Member States. In addition, the Commission commends the Common Position for introducing the promotion of financial instruments for energy efficiency investments and the use of innovative tariff structures, the enhanced structure of efficiency funds and the availability and quality of assurance of energy audits.

In spite of the many improvements, however, the Commission regrets the absence of meaningful mandatory targets in the Common Position. The Commission, therefore, underscores that it cannot accept the Common Position’s modification of the 1% mandatory overall savings target to an indicative target. For the same reason, the Commission cannot accept a weakening of the 1.5% mandatory public sector target by making it a simple requirement for the Member States to ensure that the public sector undertakes energy efficiency measures. Moreover, the Commission deems it unacceptable that the Common Position includes a recital reiterating that indicative targets are not legally binding. Given that Member States have expressed their agreement for improved energy efficiency, the Commission perceives a certain inconsistency in the concern voiced by the Member States regarding infringement procedures for non-achievement of the target level of savings. This is in view of the fact that Member States need only take those measures that are cost-effective. Also, while the “energy-consuming” behaviour of individual citizens and undertaking may sometimes be difficult to influence as much as is desirable, energy efficiency improvements in the public sector can be strongly influenced.

Generally speaking, the Commission is concerned that by not meeting the overall annual savings target set forth in the proposal, Member States and the EU as a whole will find it difficult to meet their Kyoto commitments. Further, a unique opportunity to improve the security of the EU’s energy supply will be lost. To conclude, the Commission recognises the merits of the Common Position describing it as a useful stepping-stone upon which to build further. As such it can also act as a useful instrument to go back and resolve a few of the outstanding issues concerning meaningful targets and the need to accept a leading role for the public sector.

2005/09/23
   CSL - Council position
Details

The Council agrees with the Commission on the need to make energy savings and to use energy more efficiently. It therefore broadly supports the general aim of the Commission’s proposal. Where the Council has made changes they relate mainly to adapting the Directive to different national situations and existing practices in order to lower the cost and administrative burden of the proposal’s application and generally to make it easier to implement.

Of the 97 amendments adopted by the European Parliament, the Council has accepted 37 and rejected the remaining 60. Several of the key amendments rejected were done so on the premise that they go far beyond the provisions of the original Commission’s proposal. As far as the Commission’s proposal is concerned, the Council has introduced a number of changes.

To summarise, the main changes introduced by the Council are as follows:

- Instead of mandatory targets, the Common Position contains an indicative target of 6% for the sixth year of the Directive’s application. Member States will be obliged to take measures that contribute towards achieving the indicative target and shall fix themselves an intermediate indicative target for the third year of application. The grounds given by the Council for using indicative rather than mandatory targets is that the Member States do not want to be taken to the European Court of Justice for failing to implement a 6% target – especially if they have already achieved, say, a 5% target.

- The Common Position does not make reference to a separate, higher target for the public sector but it does require the public sector to fulfil an exemplary role and to take one or more energy efficiency improvements – such as legislative initiatives and/or voluntary agreements or other schemes with an equivalent effect. In addition, Member States are expected to monitor their performance in relation to a national indicative savings target. Regarding the cost-effectiveness of measures, the Member States want to take the most effective measures for cutting costs – irrespective of whether this is in the public or private sector.

- The Common Position introduces a comitology procedure. Its main tasks will be to help develop the methods of calculation set out in the Annexes. Provisions have been introduced allowing for the use of voluntary agreements to help contribute to the indicative targets.

In other, more editorial changes, the Council has:

- Introduced several new recitals and expanded existing recitals.

- Changed the wording whereby rather than developing a market for energy services the Directive’s provisions will now seek to create the conditions.

- Exempted transport undertakings which rely primarily on the use of aviation and maritime bunker fuels from the scope of the Directive. Certain parts of the armed forces have similarly been excluded.

- Attempted to align the definitions in Article 3 with those in other Community legislation.

- Introduced an element of flexibility regarding cost-effective measures. The list of public purchasing guidelines has been moved to Annex V in order to exclude other potential cost-effective measures which the public sector could take.

- Ensured optimal transparency concerning information relating to energy efficiency mechanisms and financial/legal frameworks.

- Allowed Member States, where necessary , to make qualification, certification and accreditation schemes available to energy service providers – rather then making the Member States responsible for ensuring that all market players have access to them.

- Introduced two paragraphs allowing for other, less costly audit measures as well as allowing audits resulting from schemes based on voluntary agreements.

- Replaced the Commission proposed deadline of 01/06/2006 for transposition with a more realistic deadline of two years.

- Amended Annex I to reflect the new methodology for calculating national savings targets.

- Made it clear in Annex III that the list contains examples of eligible measure, rather than being limited in nature.

- Made changes to Annex IV by adding details for the top-down and bottom-up calculation methods. Further, changes have been made to the list of harmonised lifetimes for energy efficiency improvements.

To conclude, the Council notes that both institutions have expressed their support for the overall aim of the Commission’s proposal. The Council is of the view that its Common Position does justice to the over-arching objective of the proposal.

2005/09/23
   CSL - Council statement on its position
Documents
2005/09/23
   CSL - Council position published
Details

The Council agrees with the Commission on the need to make energy savings and to use energy more efficiently. It therefore broadly supports the general aim of the Commission’s proposal. Where the Council has made changes they relate mainly to adapting the Directive to different national situations and existing practices in order to lower the cost and administrative burden of the proposal’s application and generally to make it easier to implement.

Of the 97 amendments adopted by the European Parliament, the Council has accepted 37 and rejected the remaining 60. Several of the key amendments rejected were done so on the premise that they go far beyond the provisions of the original Commission’s proposal. As far as the Commission’s proposal is concerned, the Council has introduced a number of changes.

To summarise, the main changes introduced by the Council are as follows:

- Instead of mandatory targets, the Common Position contains an indicative target of 6% for the sixth year of the Directive’s application. Member States will be obliged to take measures that contribute towards achieving the indicative target and shall fix themselves an intermediate indicative target for the third year of application. The grounds given by the Council for using indicative rather than mandatory targets is that the Member States do not want to be taken to the European Court of Justice for failing to implement a 6% target – especially if they have already achieved, say, a 5% target.

- The Common Position does not make reference to a separate, higher target for the public sector but it does require the public sector to fulfil an exemplary role and to take one or more energy efficiency improvements – such as legislative initiatives and/or voluntary agreements or other schemes with an equivalent effect. In addition, Member States are expected to monitor their performance in relation to a national indicative savings target. Regarding the cost-effectiveness of measures, the Member States want to take the most effective measures for cutting costs – irrespective of whether this is in the public or private sector.

- The Common Position introduces a comitology procedure. Its main tasks will be to help develop the methods of calculation set out in the Annexes. Provisions have been introduced allowing for the use of voluntary agreements to help contribute to the indicative targets.

In other, more editorial changes, the Council has:

- Introduced several new recitals and expanded existing recitals.

- Changed the wording whereby rather than developing a market for energy services the Directive’s provisions will now seek to create the conditions.

- Exempted transport undertakings which rely primarily on the use of aviation and maritime bunker fuels from the scope of the Directive. Certain parts of the armed forces have similarly been excluded.

- Attempted to align the definitions in Article 3 with those in other Community legislation.

- Introduced an element of flexibility regarding cost-effective measures. The list of public purchasing guidelines has been moved to Annex V in order to exclude other potential cost-effective measures which the public sector could take.

- Ensured optimal transparency concerning information relating to energy efficiency mechanisms and financial/legal frameworks.

- Allowed Member States, where necessary , to make qualification, certification and accreditation schemes available to energy service providers – rather then making the Member States responsible for ensuring that all market players have access to them.

- Introduced two paragraphs allowing for other, less costly audit measures as well as allowing audits resulting from schemes based on voluntary agreements.

- Replaced the Commission proposed deadline of 01/06/2006 for transposition with a more realistic deadline of two years.

- Amended Annex I to reflect the new methodology for calculating national savings targets.

- Made it clear in Annex III that the list contains examples of eligible measure, rather than being limited in nature.

- Made changes to Annex IV by adding details for the top-down and bottom-up calculation methods. Further, changes have been made to the list of harmonised lifetimes for energy efficiency improvements.

To conclude, the Council notes that both institutions have expressed their support for the overall aim of the Commission’s proposal. The Council is of the view that its Common Position does justice to the over-arching objective of the proposal.

Documents
2005/06/27
   CSL - Council Meeting
2005/06/07
   EP - Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted the resolution drafted by Mechtild ROTHE (PES, DE) making amendments to the Commission’s proposal designed to ensure a more flexible approach and more rigorous objectives to encourage Member States to save energy. (Please see the summary of 19/04/2005.) In addition to the amendments already discussed in that summary, Parliament made the following changes:

- New recitals states that improved energy efficiency will make it possible to exploit potential cost-effective savings in an economically efficient way. Energy efficiency measures and demand side management could realise these energy savings and thus help Europe reduce its dependence on energy imports. Furthermore, a move towards more energy-efficient technologies can boost Europe's innovativeness and competitiveness as underlined in the report of the High-Level Group, chaired by Wim Kok, on the Lisbon strategy. The aim of the Directive is thus not only to continue to promote the supply side of energy services, but also to create stronger incentives for the demand side. The public sector in each Member State should therefore be required to set a good example regarding investments, maintenance and other expenditure for energy-using equipment, energy services and other energy efficiency measures. The funding of supply and the costs of the demand side has an important role to play in energy services. The creation of funds to subsidise the implementation of energy efficiency programmes and other energy efficiency measures and to promote the development of a market for energy services is thus an important tool for the provision of non‑discriminatory start-up funding in such a market;

- w ith a view to guaranteeing a level playing field between all energy service providers, cross-subsidies between the various activities of energy suppliers and retailers should be strictly prohibited. The national regulators should endeavour to avoid any distortion of competition in this area;

- Parliament introduces definitions for terms such as “energy efficiency”, "energy saving," and ‘energy efficiency service’. Each time the words ‘energy service’ are changed into ‘energy efficiency service’ throughout the Directive;

- there are also definitions for "public sector”, “energy savings performance contracts”, and “Public‑private partnership”;

- definitions of certain terms such as “ Third-party financing contract” and "Energy performance contracting” are amended;

- t he provision of individual components of energy services, such as energy advice and the installation of energy-saving equipment, will also fall within the scope of the Directive. The provision of such individual components by those energy distributors and retail energy sales companies that sell fuel shall constitute compliance by such distributors and companies with their obligations under the Directive;

- s hould the reporting required by the Directive show that the measures implemented by the Member State are not leading to the increases in energy efficiency laid down, the Member State concerned shall be required to implement additional measures to reach the targets;

- at least two years before expiry of the period during which the targets are applied, the Commission shall present a proposal setting further mandatory targets for energy efficiency to come into force at the end of that period;

- the Member States will work towards common EU-wide benchmarks to improve energy efficiency in all the relevant areas being set on the basis of sectoral energy efficiency indicators. In accordance with the committee procedure set out, the Commission will work on harmonised energy efficiency indicators, and benchmarks based upon them, for the energy conversion markets and sub-markets set out in Annex IVa (which is new.) The Commission will present to the European Parliament and the Council not later than three years after implementation a report on the progress on setting indicators and benchmarks. As soon as the Commission together with the Member States elaborates on indicators for all energy conversion markets and sub-markets set in Annex IVa, Member States will decide together whether or not to replace the overall targets by benchmarks, as long as the amount of energy saved by reaching the benchmarks meets the respective mandatory targets set in Article 4(2);

- the public sector targets shall consist of savings in the first three years following the entry into force of this Directive of at least 4.5% overall, in the next three years of at least 5.5% overall, and in the three years after that at least 6% overall of energy distributed and/or sold to this sector, allocated and calculated in accordance with the relevant clauses;

- the new article 5a states that undertakings may conclude agreements within their sector on promoting energy end-use efficiency. To this end, undertakings may submit an application to the Commission, which must indicate within two months whether binding targets can be set for energy savings in the sector. This introduces the possibility of reaching agreements and setting objectives per sector in Europe;

- a new article 7(1)(a) states Member States will ensure that the motor fuel and transport sector meets its particular obligations regarding energy efficiency and energy savings. In addition, the Commission will present to the European Parliament and the Council no later than 1 January 2007 a proposal for a new directive comprehensively covering the promotion of energy efficiency and energy services in the fuel and transport sector;

- a new article 7(1) (b) states that Member States must ensure that each energy sector fulfils the specific obligations incumbent upon it with regard to energy efficiency and energy saving, determined in the light of the sector's importance to the economy and the trend in consumption in recent years;

- a further new article stipulates that Member States must adopt measures to remove the substantial obstacles hampering the further development of markets for contracting and create incentives for contracting arrangements;

- certain additional clauses deal with the establishment of funds set up by Member States to subsidise the delivery of energy efficiency programmes;

- not later than two years after the implementation of the Directive the Commission will assess to what extent energy efficiency is and may further be achieved through conversion of energy and installations, such as shifting from individual boilers to district heating or from a fossil energy source to a renewable energy. This assessment will be an additional tool for Member States to achieve more savings potential and ecological benefits in reaching their energy savings targets;

- not later than two years after the implementation of the Directive, the Commission shall publish a cost-benefit impact assessment examining the linkages between EU standards, regulations, policies and measures on end-use energy efficiency.

2005/06/07
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted the resolution drafted by Mechtild ROTHE (PES, DE) making amendments to the Commission’s proposal designed to ensure a more flexible approach and more rigorous objectives to encourage Member States to save energy. (Please see the summary of 19/04/2005.) In addition to the amendments already discussed in that summary, Parliament made the following changes:

- New recitals states that improved energy efficiency will make it possible to exploit potential cost-effective savings in an economically efficient way. Energy efficiency measures and demand side management could realise these energy savings and thus help Europe reduce its dependence on energy imports. Furthermore, a move towards more energy-efficient technologies can boost Europe's innovativeness and competitiveness as underlined in the report of the High-Level Group, chaired by Wim Kok, on the Lisbon strategy. The aim of the Directive is thus not only to continue to promote the supply side of energy services, but also to create stronger incentives for the demand side. The public sector in each Member State should therefore be required to set a good example regarding investments, maintenance and other expenditure for energy-using equipment, energy services and other energy efficiency measures. The funding of supply and the costs of the demand side has an important role to play in energy services. The creation of funds to subsidise the implementation of energy efficiency programmes and other energy efficiency measures and to promote the development of a market for energy services is thus an important tool for the provision of non‑discriminatory start-up funding in such a market;

- w ith a view to guaranteeing a level playing field between all energy service providers, cross-subsidies between the various activities of energy suppliers and retailers should be strictly prohibited. The national regulators should endeavour to avoid any distortion of competition in this area;

- Parliament introduces definitions for terms such as “energy efficiency”, "energy saving," and ‘energy efficiency service’. Each time the words ‘energy service’ are changed into ‘energy efficiency service’ throughout the Directive;

- there are also definitions for "public sector”, “energy savings performance contracts”, and “Public‑private partnership”;

- definitions of certain terms such as “ Third-party financing contract” and "Energy performance contracting” are amended;

- t he provision of individual components of energy services, such as energy advice and the installation of energy-saving equipment, will also fall within the scope of the Directive. The provision of such individual components by those energy distributors and retail energy sales companies that sell fuel shall constitute compliance by such distributors and companies with their obligations under the Directive;

- s hould the reporting required by the Directive show that the measures implemented by the Member State are not leading to the increases in energy efficiency laid down, the Member State concerned shall be required to implement additional measures to reach the targets;

- at least two years before expiry of the period during which the targets are applied, the Commission shall present a proposal setting further mandatory targets for energy efficiency to come into force at the end of that period;

- the Member States will work towards common EU-wide benchmarks to improve energy efficiency in all the relevant areas being set on the basis of sectoral energy efficiency indicators. In accordance with the committee procedure set out, the Commission will work on harmonised energy efficiency indicators, and benchmarks based upon them, for the energy conversion markets and sub-markets set out in Annex IVa (which is new.) The Commission will present to the European Parliament and the Council not later than three years after implementation a report on the progress on setting indicators and benchmarks. As soon as the Commission together with the Member States elaborates on indicators for all energy conversion markets and sub-markets set in Annex IVa, Member States will decide together whether or not to replace the overall targets by benchmarks, as long as the amount of energy saved by reaching the benchmarks meets the respective mandatory targets set in Article 4(2);

- the public sector targets shall consist of savings in the first three years following the entry into force of this Directive of at least 4.5% overall, in the next three years of at least 5.5% overall, and in the three years after that at least 6% overall of energy distributed and/or sold to this sector, allocated and calculated in accordance with the relevant clauses;

- the new article 5a states that undertakings may conclude agreements within their sector on promoting energy end-use efficiency. To this end, undertakings may submit an application to the Commission, which must indicate within two months whether binding targets can be set for energy savings in the sector. This introduces the possibility of reaching agreements and setting objectives per sector in Europe;

- a new article 7(1)(a) states Member States will ensure that the motor fuel and transport sector meets its particular obligations regarding energy efficiency and energy savings. In addition, the Commission will present to the European Parliament and the Council no later than 1 January 2007 a proposal for a new directive comprehensively covering the promotion of energy efficiency and energy services in the fuel and transport sector;

- a new article 7(1) (b) states that Member States must ensure that each energy sector fulfils the specific obligations incumbent upon it with regard to energy efficiency and energy saving, determined in the light of the sector's importance to the economy and the trend in consumption in recent years;

- a further new article stipulates that Member States must adopt measures to remove the substantial obstacles hampering the further development of markets for contracting and create incentives for contracting arrangements;

- certain additional clauses deal with the establishment of funds set up by Member States to subsidise the delivery of energy efficiency programmes;

- not later than two years after the implementation of the Directive the Commission will assess to what extent energy efficiency is and may further be achieved through conversion of energy and installations, such as shifting from individual boilers to district heating or from a fossil energy source to a renewable energy. This assessment will be an additional tool for Member States to achieve more savings potential and ecological benefits in reaching their energy savings targets;

- not later than two years after the implementation of the Directive, the Commission shall publish a cost-benefit impact assessment examining the linkages between EU standards, regulations, policies and measures on end-use energy efficiency.

Documents
2005/06/06
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2005/05/02
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2005/05/02
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2005/04/19
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The committee adopted the report by Mechtild ROTHE (PES, DE) amending the proposal under the 1st reading of the codecision procedure:

- whereas the Commission was proposing that Member States be forced to save an annual amount of energy equal to 1% of energy distributed or sold to final consumers, over a six-year period, MEPs proposed three binding stages for energy savings up to 2015. Under this scheme, energy savings would reach 3% over the period 2006-2009, giving Member States the time to establish successful energy efficiency measures. For the period 2009-2012, the figure would rise to 4% (an average of 1.3% per annum) and for the period 2012-2015 to 4.5% (an average of 1.5% per annum);

- the Commission should have the option of laying down mandatory differentiated national targets on the basis of energy efficiency gains made by the Member States and the potential for such gains;

- more ambitious targets should be laid down for the public sector - which should set an example - and the committee added a requirement to make energy efficiency one of the criteria for awarding public service contracts;

- MEPs introduced a new Article 5a providing for agreements to be reached and targets to be set, not on a national basis but per sector in Europe . They argued that this would reduce potential distortion of the internal market, as competing businesses would be jointly responsible for attaining the objective for their sector;

- the committee deleted the requirement in the proposal for energy distributors or energy sales operators to offer their customers free audits to evaluate their energy saving needs as long as 5% of them are not covered by energy services. It felt that this might lead to market imbalance between energy distributors and retail sales companies on the one hand and independent suppliers on the other;

- the committee introduced a new Article 7a requiring the Member States to take measures to inform the public, including energy customers, about possible energy savings. Moreover, customers should regularly receive information in their energy bills about their consumption figures, to enable them to regulate their own energy consumption;

- the Member States should set reference values for improving energy efficiency at European level on the basis of energy efficiency indicators;

- a transparent and unbureaucratic system should be set up to measure and check efforts made by the Member States.

2005/03/30
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2005/02/16
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2005/02/07
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2004/12/20
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2004/11/29
   CSL - Debate in Council
Details

On the basis of a Presidency Note, the Council held a policy debate on a proposal for a Directive on energy end-use efficiency and energy services (demand-side management). The Council agreed, by

decision taken at the beginning of its meeting, to hold this debate in public.

Following the Council's constructive exchange of views, the President drew the following conclusions under his sole responsibility:

1) Higher priority should be given to energy efficiency. Delegations support the goal of the proposal, which is very important both for the economy and the environment.

2) Delegations stressed that a flexible, unbureaucratic approach is needed, which should reflect national circumstances and take good account of existing initiatives. Exchange of experience is valuable. Consistency with the existing relevant legislative framework should be ensured.

3) It seems that a large number of delegations consider that a uniform 6-year target does not offer enough flexibility; more flexibility, e.g. through indicative national targets, is needed and national circumstances should be taken into account when evaluating the progress made, inter alia the energy savings already realised in the past. Progress in energy efficiency could be assessed on the occasion of yearly debates.

4) While noting that the public sector could play an important role in contributing to energy savings, it remains to be seen whether a specific and higher target for this sector would be the right means.

5) Views are divided whether obligations such as the provision of energy services or energy audits should be placed on suppliers; some consider that there should be a number of options for Member States to choose from, depending on national circumstances. Measures should be in line with internal market Directives.

6) Delegations agree that the system for the measurement of energy savings need to ensure reliable and comparable results in the different Member States.

7) This could possibly be achieved by looking at some combination of top-down (preferably from existing, macro statistics) with specific bottom-up figures (that are more detailed).

8) Taking the latest Presidency text as a starting point, it should be possible for the coming Presidency to bring this dossier to fruition.

Documents
2004/11/29
   CSL - Council Meeting
2004/10/28
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
2004/09/16
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2004/09/13
   EP - WORTMANN-KOOL Corien (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2004/09/01
   EP - KORHOLA Eija-Riitta (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2004/07/27
   EP - ROTHE Mechtild (PSE) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2004/06/17
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
2004/01/20
   EP - KORHOLA Eija-Riitta (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2004/01/15
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2003/12/15
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2003/12/15
   CSL - Council Meeting
2003/12/10
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2003/12/10
   EC - Legislative proposal published
2003/12/02
   EP - ROTHE Mechtild (PES) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE

Documents

Votes

Rapport Rothe A6-0130/2005 - am. 28 #

2005/06/07 Outcome: +: 458, -: 148, 0: 27
DE ES FR PL IT EL AT PT BE LT NL DK HU IE FI SI SE CY EE SK ?? LV LU MT CZ GB
Total
88
46
64
50
51
20
17
19
21
12
27
12
18
12
13
6
17
6
6
14
1
9
4
4
24
72
icon: PSE PSE
176

Lithuania PSE

2

Ireland PSE

1

Slovenia PSE

For (1)

1

Malta PSE

2

Czechia PSE

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
74

Spain ALDE

1

Hungary ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Sweden ALDE

2

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2

ALDE

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
38

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

France GUE/NGL

3

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
36

Italy Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3
icon: UEN UEN
20

Lithuania UEN

2

Denmark UEN

Abstain (1)

1
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
31

France IND/DEM

1

Italy IND/DEM

2

Greece IND/DEM

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Denmark IND/DEM

1

Ireland IND/DEM

Against (1)

1

Sweden IND/DEM

2

Czechia IND/DEM

Abstain (1)

1
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
233
2

Denmark PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Ireland PPE-DE

Against (1)

4

Finland PPE-DE

3

Slovenia PPE-DE

Abstain (1)

3

Cyprus PPE-DE

Against (1)

3

Estonia PPE-DE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE-DE

3

Luxembourg PPE-DE

2

Malta PPE-DE

Against (2)

2
icon: NI NI
25

Italy NI

Against (1)

2

Austria NI

Against (1)

3

Belgium NI

3

Slovakia NI

3

Czechia NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

2

Recommandation Rothe A6-0343/2005 - Bloc 1 #

2005/12/13 Outcome: +: 582, 0: 18, -: 13
DE FR IT PL ES GB CZ NL BE HU EL AT PT DK LT FI SK SE IE LV SI EE CY LU MT
Total
84
66
53
48
47
69
23
23
19
17
17
17
18
13
12
12
12
17
10
8
7
6
5
5
5
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
226

Denmark PPE-DE

For (1)

1
2

Latvia PPE-DE

2

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE-DE

2

Luxembourg PPE-DE

2

Malta PPE-DE

2
icon: PSE PSE
172

Czechia PSE

2

Lithuania PSE

2

Ireland PSE

1

Slovenia PSE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PSE

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
74

Hungary ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

3

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

2

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
36

Italy Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
28

France GUE/NGL

3

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: UEN UEN
23

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1

Lithuania UEN

2

Ireland UEN

3
icon: NI NI
26

Italy NI

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

4

Czechia NI

1

Belgium NI

2

Austria NI

Abstain (1)

2
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
28

France IND/DEM

2

Czechia IND/DEM

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Denmark IND/DEM

1

Sweden IND/DEM

3

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
rapporteur
name: ROTHE Mechtild date: 2005-09-27T00:00:00 group: Socialist Group in the European Parliament abbr: PSE
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
date
2005-09-27T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: ROTHE Mechtild group: Socialist Group in the European Parliament abbr: PSE
committees/1
type
Former Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
rapporteur
name: ROTHE Mechtild date: 2004-07-27T00:00:00 group: Socialist Group in the European Parliament abbr: PSE
committees/1
type
Former Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
date
2004-07-27T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: ROTHE Mechtild group: Socialist Group in the European Parliament abbr: PSE
committees/2
type
Former Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, External Trade, Research, Energy
committee
ITRE
rapporteur
name: ROTHE Mechtild date: 2003-12-02T00:00:00 group: Party of European Socialists abbr: PES
committees/2
type
Former Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, External Trade, Research, Energy
committee
ITRE
date
2003-12-02T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: ROTHE Mechtild group: Party of European Socialists abbr: PES
committees/3
type
Former Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Economic and Monetary Affairs
committee
ECON
rapporteur
name: WORTMANN-KOOL Corien date: 2004-09-13T00:00:00 group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
committees/3
type
Former Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Economic and Monetary Affairs
committee
ECON
date
2004-09-13T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: WORTMANN-KOOL Corien group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
committees/4
type
Former Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
committee
ENVI
rapporteur
name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta date: 2004-09-01T00:00:00 group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
committees/4
type
Former Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
committee
ENVI
date
2004-09-01T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
committees/8
type
Former Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Environment, Public Health, Consumer Policy
committee
ENVI
rapporteur
name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta date: 2004-01-20T00:00:00 group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
committees/8
type
Former Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Environment, Public Health, Consumer Policy
committee
ENVI
date
2004-01-20T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
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activities
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  • date: 2004-01-15T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: ECON date: 2004-09-13T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: WORTMANN-KOOL Corien body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: False committee: ENVI date: 2004-09-01T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta body: EP responsible: False committee: ENVI date: 2004-01-20T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health, Consumer Policy rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2005-09-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2004-07-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2003-12-02T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, External Trade, Research, Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Legal Affairs and Internal Market committee: JURI
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  • date: 2005-09-29T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2005-09-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2004-07-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2003-12-02T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, External Trade, Research, Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild
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  • date: 2004-10-28T00:00:00 docs: url: https://dm.eesc.europa.eu/EESCDocumentSearch/Pages/redresults.aspx?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:1443)(documentyear:2004)(documentlanguage:EN) title: CES1443/2004 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:C:2005:120:SOM:EN:HTML title: OJ C 120 20.05.2005, p. 0115-0118 type: Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report body: ESC
  • date: 2004-12-20T00:00:00 docs: title: PE350.184 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2005-02-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE349.917 title: PE349.917 committee: ENVI type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2005-02-16T00:00:00 docs: title: PE353.543 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2005-03-30T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE350.217&secondRef=03 title: PE350.217 committee: ECON type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2005-05-02T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2005-130&language=EN title: A6-0130/2005 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2005-06-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2005-212 title: T6-0212/2005 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:C:2006:124E:SOM:EN:HTML title: OJ C 124 25.05.2006, p. 0019-0095 E summary: The European Parliament adopted the resolution drafted by Mechtild ROTHE (PES, DE) making amendments to the Commission’s proposal designed to ensure a more flexible approach and more rigorous objectives to encourage Member States to save energy. (Please see the summary of 19/04/2005.) In addition to the amendments already discussed in that summary, Parliament made the following changes: - New recitals states that improved energy efficiency will make it possible to exploit potential cost-effective savings in an economically efficient way. Energy efficiency measures and demand side management could realise these energy savings and thus help Europe reduce its dependence on energy imports. Furthermore, a move towards more energy-efficient technologies can boost Europe's innovativeness and competitiveness as underlined in the report of the High-Level Group, chaired by Wim Kok, on the Lisbon strategy. The aim of the Directive is thus not only to continue to promote the supply side of energy services, but also to create stronger incentives for the demand side. The public sector in each Member State should therefore be required to set a good example regarding investments, maintenance and other expenditure for energy-using equipment, energy services and other energy efficiency measures. The funding of supply and the costs of the demand side has an important role to play in energy services. The creation of funds to subsidise the implementation of energy efficiency programmes and other energy efficiency measures and to promote the development of a market for energy services is thus an important tool for the provision of non‑discriminatory start-up funding in such a market; - w ith a view to guaranteeing a level playing field between all energy service providers, cross-subsidies between the various activities of energy suppliers and retailers should be strictly prohibited. The national regulators should endeavour to avoid any distortion of competition in this area; - Parliament introduces definitions for terms such as “energy efficiency”, "energy saving," and ‘energy efficiency service’. Each time the words ‘energy service’ are changed into ‘energy efficiency service’ throughout the Directive; - there are also definitions for "public sector”, “energy savings performance contracts”, and “Public‑private partnership”; - definitions of certain terms such as “ Third-party financing contract” and "Energy performance contracting” are amended; - t he provision of individual components of energy services, such as energy advice and the installation of energy-saving equipment, will also fall within the scope of the Directive. The provision of such individual components by those energy distributors and retail energy sales companies that sell fuel shall constitute compliance by such distributors and companies with their obligations under the Directive; - s hould the reporting required by the Directive show that the measures implemented by the Member State are not leading to the increases in energy efficiency laid down, the Member State concerned shall be required to implement additional measures to reach the targets; - at least two years before expiry of the period during which the targets are applied, the Commission shall present a proposal setting further mandatory targets for energy efficiency to come into force at the end of that period; - the Member States will work towards common EU-wide benchmarks to improve energy efficiency in all the relevant areas being set on the basis of sectoral energy efficiency indicators. In accordance with the committee procedure set out, the Commission will work on harmonised energy efficiency indicators, and benchmarks based upon them, for the energy conversion markets and sub-markets set out in Annex IVa (which is new.) The Commission will present to the European Parliament and the Council not later than three years after implementation a report on the progress on setting indicators and benchmarks. As soon as the Commission together with the Member States elaborates on indicators for all energy conversion markets and sub-markets set in Annex IVa, Member States will decide together whether or not to replace the overall targets by benchmarks, as long as the amount of energy saved by reaching the benchmarks meets the respective mandatory targets set in Article 4(2); - the public sector targets shall consist of savings in the first three years following the entry into force of this Directive of at least 4.5% overall, in the next three years of at least 5.5% overall, and in the three years after that at least 6% overall of energy distributed and/or sold to this sector, allocated and calculated in accordance with the relevant clauses; - the new article 5a states that undertakings may conclude agreements within their sector on promoting energy end-use efficiency. To this end, undertakings may submit an application to the Commission, which must indicate within two months whether binding targets can be set for energy savings in the sector. This introduces the possibility of reaching agreements and setting objectives per sector in Europe; - a new article 7(1)(a) states Member States will ensure that the motor fuel and transport sector meets its particular obligations regarding energy efficiency and energy savings. In addition, the Commission will present to the European Parliament and the Council no later than 1 January 2007 a proposal for a new directive comprehensively covering the promotion of energy efficiency and energy services in the fuel and transport sector; - a new article 7(1) (b) states that Member States must ensure that each energy sector fulfils the specific obligations incumbent upon it with regard to energy efficiency and energy saving, determined in the light of the sector's importance to the economy and the trend in consumption in recent years; - a further new article stipulates that Member States must adopt measures to remove the substantial obstacles hampering the further development of markets for contracting and create incentives for contracting arrangements; - certain additional clauses deal with the establishment of funds set up by Member States to subsidise the delivery of energy efficiency programmes; - not later than two years after the implementation of the Directive the Commission will assess to what extent energy efficiency is and may further be achieved through conversion of energy and installations, such as shifting from individual boilers to district heating or from a fossil energy source to a renewable energy. This assessment will be an additional tool for Member States to achieve more savings potential and ecological benefits in reaching their energy savings targets; - not later than two years after the implementation of the Directive, the Commission shall publish a cost-benefit impact assessment examining the linkages between EU standards, regulations, policies and measures on end-use energy efficiency. type: Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2005-09-23T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=10721%2F05&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 10721/3/2005 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:C:2005:275E:SOM:EN:HTML title: OJ C 275 08.11.2005, p. 0019-0040 E summary: The Council agrees with the Commission on the need to make energy savings and to use energy more efficiently. It therefore broadly supports the general aim of the Commission’s proposal. Where the Council has made changes they relate mainly to adapting the Directive to different national situations and existing practices in order to lower the cost and administrative burden of the proposal’s application and generally to make it easier to implement. Of the 97 amendments adopted by the European Parliament, the Council has accepted 37 and rejected the remaining 60. Several of the key amendments rejected were done so on the premise that they go far beyond the provisions of the original Commission’s proposal. As far as the Commission’s proposal is concerned, the Council has introduced a number of changes. To summarise, the main changes introduced by the Council are as follows: - Instead of mandatory targets, the Common Position contains an indicative target of 6% for the sixth year of the Directive’s application. Member States will be obliged to take measures that contribute towards achieving the indicative target and shall fix themselves an intermediate indicative target for the third year of application. The grounds given by the Council for using indicative rather than mandatory targets is that the Member States do not want to be taken to the European Court of Justice for failing to implement a 6% target – especially if they have already achieved, say, a 5% target. - The Common Position does not make reference to a separate, higher target for the public sector but it does require the public sector to fulfil an exemplary role and to take one or more energy efficiency improvements – such as legislative initiatives and/or voluntary agreements or other schemes with an equivalent effect. In addition, Member States are expected to monitor their performance in relation to a national indicative savings target. Regarding the cost-effectiveness of measures, the Member States want to take the most effective measures for cutting costs – irrespective of whether this is in the public or private sector. - The Common Position introduces a comitology procedure. Its main tasks will be to help develop the methods of calculation set out in the Annexes. Provisions have been introduced allowing for the use of voluntary agreements to help contribute to the indicative targets. In other, more editorial changes, the Council has: - Introduced several new recitals and expanded existing recitals. - Changed the wording whereby rather than developing a market for energy services the Directive’s provisions will now seek to create the conditions. - Exempted transport undertakings which rely primarily on the use of aviation and maritime bunker fuels from the scope of the Directive. Certain parts of the armed forces have similarly been excluded. - Attempted to align the definitions in Article 3 with those in other Community legislation. - Introduced an element of flexibility regarding cost-effective measures. The list of public purchasing guidelines has been moved to Annex V in order to exclude other potential cost-effective measures which the public sector could take. - Ensured optimal transparency concerning information relating to energy efficiency mechanisms and financial/legal frameworks. - Allowed Member States, where necessary , to make qualification, certification and accreditation schemes available to energy service providers – rather then making the Member States responsible for ensuring that all market players have access to them. - Introduced two paragraphs allowing for other, less costly audit measures as well as allowing audits resulting from schemes based on voluntary agreements. - Replaced the Commission proposed deadline of 01/06/2006 for transposition with a more realistic deadline of two years. - Amended Annex I to reflect the new methodology for calculating national savings targets. - Made it clear in Annex III that the list contains examples of eligible measure, rather than being limited in nature. - Made changes to Annex IV by adding details for the top-down and bottom-up calculation methods. Further, changes have been made to the list of harmonised lifetimes for energy efficiency improvements. To conclude, the Council notes that both institutions have expressed their support for the overall aim of the Commission’s proposal. The Council is of the view that its Common Position does justice to the over-arching objective of the proposal. type: Council position body: CSL
  • date: 2005-09-23T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=3256%2F05&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 03256/2005 type: Council statement on its position body: CSL
  • date: 2005-09-26T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2005/0455/COM_COM(2005)0455_EN.pdf title: COM(2005)0455 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2005&nu_doc=455 title: EUR-Lex summary: The Commission accepts the Council’s Common Position in light of the fact that most of the changes are acceptable compromises and act as a good basis for the second reading of the proposal. Generally speaking, the Common Position is faithful to the spirit of the Commission’s original proposal. There are, however, two exceptions to the rule, namely changing the nature of the overall savings target from binding to indicative and removing the public sector from the savings target. There are many issues incorporated into the Common Position, which the Commission considers positive to the overall final look of the Directive. They refer, in particular, to matters such as improved definitions, a satisfactory comitology process and a useful framework for measuring energy efficiency improvements. Other matters considered an improvement on the original proposal are the additional flexibility for the cost-effective implementation of the Directive within the Member States. In addition, the Commission commends the Common Position for introducing the promotion of financial instruments for energy efficiency investments and the use of innovative tariff structures, the enhanced structure of efficiency funds and the availability and quality of assurance of energy audits. In spite of the many improvements, however, the Commission regrets the absence of meaningful mandatory targets in the Common Position. The Commission, therefore, underscores that it cannot accept the Common Position’s modification of the 1% mandatory overall savings target to an indicative target. For the same reason, the Commission cannot accept a weakening of the 1.5% mandatory public sector target by making it a simple requirement for the Member States to ensure that the public sector undertakes energy efficiency measures. Moreover, the Commission deems it unacceptable that the Common Position includes a recital reiterating that indicative targets are not legally binding. Given that Member States have expressed their agreement for improved energy efficiency, the Commission perceives a certain inconsistency in the concern voiced by the Member States regarding infringement procedures for non-achievement of the target level of savings. This is in view of the fact that Member States need only take those measures that are cost-effective. Also, while the “energy-consuming” behaviour of individual citizens and undertaking may sometimes be difficult to influence as much as is desirable, energy efficiency improvements in the public sector can be strongly influenced. Generally speaking, the Commission is concerned that by not meeting the overall annual savings target set forth in the proposal, Member States and the EU as a whole will find it difficult to meet their Kyoto commitments. Further, a unique opportunity to improve the security of the EU’s energy supply will be lost. To conclude, the Commission recognises the merits of the Common Position describing it as a useful stepping-stone upon which to build further. As such it can also act as a useful instrument to go back and resolve a few of the outstanding issues concerning meaningful targets and the need to accept a leading role for the public sector. type: Commission communication on Council's position body: EC
  • date: 2005-10-19T00:00:00 docs: title: PE364.739 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2005-10-27T00:00:00 docs: title: PE364.738 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2005-11-30T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2005-343&language=EN title: A6-0343/2005 type: Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading body: EP
  • date: 2006-01-12T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=4360&j=0&l=en title: SP(2006)0053 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
  • date: 2006-02-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2006/0053/COM_COM(2006)0053_EN.pdf title: COM(2006)0053 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2006&nu_doc=53 title: EUR-Lex summary: The Commission presents an amended proposal and states that it can accept in full all 49 amendments adopted by the European Parliament. They are the result of a compromise package agreed between the European Parliament and the Council for the second reading. The amendments are in line with the objectives of the Commission’s proposal and succeed in introducing mandatory elements that compensate for the lack of a binding energy savings target and a separate target for the public sector. The conclusion of the compromise package has been facilitated by the introduction of national Energy Efficiency Action Plans and related mandatory reporting requirements. Moreover, the introduction of binding requirements for the public sector has made the compromise proposal more acceptable to the Commission. The amendments to the common position refer mainly to: - New recitals to clarify certain conditions laid down in the Articles, especially Articles 4, 5 and 6, in which savings targets, public sector obligations and obligations on energy retail and distribution companies, respectively, are established. - Definitions that increase the scope of the Directive, although only marginally. - The introduction of an intermediate savings target for the third year of application of the Directive, to be reported in the first national Energy Efficiency Action Plan by 30 June 2007, along with an overview of the Member State strategy on the achievement of the intermediate target and overall savings targets. - Systematic and rigorous reporting requirements by the Member States and by the Commission, including activity in the public sector. - The development of the energy efficiency improvement measurement system. - The introduction of an indicative list of energy conversion markets and sub-markets for which benchmarks can be worked out. - The inclusion of public sector obligations relating to the energy-efficient purchasing, rental, replacement and retrofitting of buildings. type: Commission opinion on Parliament's position at 2nd reading body: EC
  • date: 2006-04-05T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=3679%2F05&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 03679/3/2005 type: Draft final act body: CSL
  • date: 2008-01-23T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2008/0011/COM_COM(2008)0011_EN.pdf title: COM(2008)0011 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2008&nu_doc=11 title: EUR-Lex summary: This report has been prepared by the Commission in accordance with requirements set out in Directive 2006/32/EC on energy end-use efficiency and energy savings. Under the terms of the Directive, each Member State is required to prepare a “National Energy Efficiency Action Plan” (NEEAPs) and to notify it to the Commission by 30 June 2007. Not all Member States managed to meet this obligation. Hence this report is based on 17 NEEAPs only and as such offers a partial response only. This, the first such report, provides an overview of the range of strategies and measures presented by the Member States and it identifies good practices which merit closer examination. Energy conservation and energy efficiency improvements are of increasing importance within the context of environmental sustainability and the security of energy supply. The NEEAPs provide a practical demonstration of Member States’ commitment to achieving reduced CO2 targets. The report notes that whilst efficiency improvements are already being achieved and leading to a decrease in energy intensity, the total energy consumption in Europe is, nevertheless, increasing. This in turn leads to increased CO2 emissions and fossil fuel import dependency. To recall, the Directive requires that the Member States adopt a 9% indicative energy end-use savings target by 2016 and that the legal framework for promoting energy efficiency is up and running by the end of 2016. Further, by 2010 the Member States must have established a national indicative savings target. In other provisions, the Directive requires that the public authorities set an exemplary role in order to encourage other actors to undertake energy efficiency action plans. In short, they are to demonstrate to others that they are stepping up to the challenge and leading by example. A first assessment: The first review of the 17 NEEAPs submitted indicates that five Member States have adopted a savings target that goes beyond the minimum target of 9%. Several Member States say they intend to achieve higher savings targets but fail to specify, formally, how they are going to achieve this. Several NEEAPs envisage that a sizeable portion of their total savings, over the nine-year period, will come from so called existing or “early actions”. Six NEEAPS do not cover the entire nine-year period set by the Directive. As far as the exemplary role of the public sector is concerned the report notes that several Member States have set out comprehensive action plans, demonstrating that they are stepping up to the challenge and leading by example. On the other hand, several Member States state that they will comply with the Directive’s provisions on public sector requirements but fail to describe how. On the matter of promoting energy efficiency, it appears that most of the Member States will advocate energy efficiency through general information campaigns and/or targeted efforts linked to incentive schemes. An array of incentive schemes (financial and fiscal) are set out in the NEEAPs. Many are horizontal in nature, addressing more than one sector. Other instruments include voluntary agreements; market based instruments; and energy service companies (ESCOs). In other measures, many Member States have set up the institutional infrastructure to facilitate an energy efficiency programme (i.e. Energy Agencies) as well as putting considerable effort into considering transport and spatial planning initiatives (i.e. fuel efficiency initiatives). Among the NEEAPs reviewed by the Commission, several present comprehensive strategies and plans that are likely to deliver savings beyond the required 9%. However, many of the plans offer a “business-as-usual” approach that fail to offer forward-thinking, visionary strategies.. Moving forward: Within the coming months, the Commission will continue to analyse and review the NEEAPs with a view to assessing whether they are realistic. In the meantime infringement procedures against those Member States who have failed to notify their NEEAPs will continue. Conclusions: To conclude the report, the Commission notes that the NEEAPs offer an opportunity to focus on energy efficiency – a matter of strategic importance to the EU. Whilst, at first glance the NEEAPs offer some encouragement, they also reveal considerable gaps between political commitment and measures adopted. The Commission, therefore, looks forward to the submission of further plans and the exchange of best practice. Progress towards strategic objectives, as agreed in March 2007, will be assessed in the second Strategic Energy Review, which in turn will help formulate recommendations for future policy developments. This will almost certainly include an energy efficiency component. The report concludes by setting out, in Annex, data on the calculation of CO2 benefits from the savings targets, as provided for in the Energy Services Directive. type: Follow-up document body: EC
  • date: 2009-06-23T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2009/0889/COM_SEC(2009)0889_EN.pdf title: SEC(2009)0889 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=SECfinal&an_doc=2009&nu_doc=889 title: EUR-Lex summary: This Commission Staff Working Document provides a synthesis of the complete assessments of all 27 National Energy Efficiency Action Plans (NEEAPs) as required by Directive 2006/32/EC on energy end-use efficiency and energy services. The Commission recognises the great potential that NEEAPs could play in improving the focus on energy efficiency and in streamlining Member States' efforts supporting citizens and market actors in saving energy in a cost-effective manner, thus reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, increasing the competitiveness of European businesses, creating jobs and retaining jobs and improving the energy security of the Community. Furthermore, the current climate seems to provide the perfect opportunity to bring together all energy efficiency reporting requirements – existing and new – into one Action Plan, providing one single reporting system for monitoring and evaluation of progress. Such a coordinated approach would greatly assist Member States in fulfilling their reporting obligations concerning greenhouse gas emissions and would improve implementation of measures. According to the Commission, a successful Action Plan would: place energy efficiency policy firmly within the broader policy context; prioritise resource allocation across the entire energy efficiency portfolio; ensure that synergies between policies are captured and duplication avoided, and that clear responsibilities for implementation is allocated; place consumers at the heart of the proposed policies. However, few, if any, of the Action Plans delivered by Member States fit this description. Given the growing importance of energy savings to energy security and sustainable development of the Community, the Commission urges Member States to act quickly – especially given the recent economic downturn and notably concerning investments in energy efficiency which is set to retain and create jobs in a local context – and would welcome Member States taking the initiative to further improve their NEEAPs and their implementation. type: Follow-up document body: EC
  • date: 2009-10-09T00:00:00 docs: title: C(2009)7604 type: Follow-up document body: EC
  • date: 2009-10-09T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2009/1315/COM_SEC(2009)1315_EN.pdf title: SEC(2009)1315 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=SECfinal&an_doc=2009&nu_doc=1315 title: EUR-Lex type: Follow-up document body: EC
  • date: 2009-10-09T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2009/1316/COM_SEC(2009)1316_EN.pdf title: SEC(2009)1316 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=SECfinal&an_doc=2009&nu_doc=1316 title: EUR-Lex type: Follow-up document body: EC
  • date: 2014-01-08T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2013&nu_doc=0938 title: EUR-Lex title: COM(2013)0938 summary: The Commission presents a progress report on the application of Directive 2006/32/EC on energy end-use efficiency and energy services and on the application of Directive 2004/8/EC on the promotion of cogeneration based on a useful heat demand in the internal energy market. In accordance with the requirements of Directive 2006/32/EC on energy services, Members States were required to fix and aim to achieve a national indicative energy savings target for 2016 of at least 9% of final energy. Most of the provisions of this Directive have been replaced by more precisely detailed provisions in the EED. However, the requirements related to the 9% target will not be repealed until 2017. Quality of EEAPs: the Directive on energy services (ESD) requires that Member States report on their main adopted and planned energy efficiency measures in their Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAPs). In general, the Commission considers that the overall quality of the second EEAPs submitted by the Member States in 2011-2012 under the framework of the ESD was much higher than that of the first EEAPs , which were submitted in 2007-2008. Final energy savings : in practice implementation of the ESD has resulted, above all, in measures targeting energy end use, for example, programmes to refurbish and renovate buildings. Almost all Member States reported, in their second EEAPs, measures covering both new and existing buildings as well as residential and tertiary buildings. Encouraging results: Member States' EEAPs indicate high levels of final energy savings achieved up to 2010 and suggest that the 9% indicative target for 2016 will be comfortably exceeded by most Member States. Total final energy savings for 2010 as declared by the Member States were approximately 59 Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent). Total final energy savings of around 132 Mtoe are forecast for 2016, well in excess of the 9% indicative target of approximately 89 Mtoe. Spain and Germany forecast the highest levels of savings, while four Member States (Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark and Estonia) quantify 2016 savings that are lower than 9% of their reference energy consumption. The levels of overall savings achieved and forecast in the second EEAPs are higher than other indicators of energy efficiency improvement rates. According to the second EEAPs, Member States that use mostly top-down indicators declare an energy efficiency improvement of 6.6% for the 3-year intermediate period (2007-2010), or an average annual improvement of over 2.1% of reference consumption. This figure is in contrast with the average rate of final energy intensity reduction of around 1.2% recorded for the years 2000-2009 by the Odyssee project. The Commission states that this is encouraging and shows that Member States' commitment pays off in terms of energy saving. Financing: in terms of financing energy saving measures, the use of EU funds as well as revenues from the sale of Assigned Amount Units (AAUs) under the Kyoto Protocol have been reported by a number of Member States. At the same time, efforts to increase the involvement of the private sector in the financing of energy efficiency improvements are on the rise throughout the EU. Horizontal measures: the number of promising horizontal measures has increased from the first to the second reporting period. In line with this, energy savings obligations now form a key part of efforts to encourage accelerated rates of energy savings . Established white certificate schemes were reported as being already operational in five Member States. Two Member States report in their second EEAP the upcoming introduction of such schemes. Energy Services Companies ('ESCOs'): these remain a further key area of financing energy efficiency in the EU. In line with this, a number of Member States indicate the provision of model contracts for energy services , the introduction of legislation or the removal of legal barriers to open energy services in the public sector to ESCOs. The Commission concludes that the progress achieved should be maintained in views of achieving the EU's ambitious 2020 energy savings target of 20%, and the concrete transposition and implementation of the EED, a key instrument to achieving that target. It states that proposals for additional measures or amendments to the ESD Directive are not considered appropriate at this time. type: Follow-up document body: EC
  • date: 2014-01-08T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2013:0541:FIN:EN:PDF title: EUR-Lex title: SWD(2013)0541 type: Follow-up document body: EC
events
  • date: 2003-12-10T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2003/0739/COM_COM(2003)0739_EN.pdf title: COM(2003)0739 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2003&nu_doc=739 title: EUR-Lex summary:
  • date: 2003-12-15T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2554*&MEET_DATE=15/12/2003 title: 2554
  • date: 2004-01-15T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2004-09-16T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2004-11-29T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2625*&MEET_DATE=29/11/2004 title: 2625 summary: On the basis of a Presidency Note, the Council held a policy debate on a proposal for a Directive on energy end-use efficiency and energy services (demand-side management). The Council agreed, by decision taken at the beginning of its meeting, to hold this debate in public. Following the Council's constructive exchange of views, the President drew the following conclusions under his sole responsibility: 1) Higher priority should be given to energy efficiency. Delegations support the goal of the proposal, which is very important both for the economy and the environment. 2) Delegations stressed that a flexible, unbureaucratic approach is needed, which should reflect national circumstances and take good account of existing initiatives. Exchange of experience is valuable. Consistency with the existing relevant legislative framework should be ensured. 3) It seems that a large number of delegations consider that a uniform 6-year target does not offer enough flexibility; more flexibility, e.g. through indicative national targets, is needed and national circumstances should be taken into account when evaluating the progress made, inter alia the energy savings already realised in the past. Progress in energy efficiency could be assessed on the occasion of yearly debates. 4) While noting that the public sector could play an important role in contributing to energy savings, it remains to be seen whether a specific and higher target for this sector would be the right means. 5) Views are divided whether obligations such as the provision of energy services or energy audits should be placed on suppliers; some consider that there should be a number of options for Member States to choose from, depending on national circumstances. Measures should be in line with internal market Directives. 6) Delegations agree that the system for the measurement of energy savings need to ensure reliable and comparable results in the different Member States. 7) This could possibly be achieved by looking at some combination of top-down (preferably from existing, macro statistics) with specific bottom-up figures (that are more detailed). 8) Taking the latest Presidency text as a starting point, it should be possible for the coming Presidency to bring this dossier to fruition.
  • date: 2005-04-19T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP summary: The committee adopted the report by Mechtild ROTHE (PES, DE) amending the proposal under the 1st reading of the codecision procedure: - whereas the Commission was proposing that Member States be forced to save an annual amount of energy equal to 1% of energy distributed or sold to final consumers, over a six-year period, MEPs proposed three binding stages for energy savings up to 2015. Under this scheme, energy savings would reach 3% over the period 2006-2009, giving Member States the time to establish successful energy efficiency measures. For the period 2009-2012, the figure would rise to 4% (an average of 1.3% per annum) and for the period 2012-2015 to 4.5% (an average of 1.5% per annum); - the Commission should have the option of laying down mandatory differentiated national targets on the basis of energy efficiency gains made by the Member States and the potential for such gains; - more ambitious targets should be laid down for the public sector - which should set an example - and the committee added a requirement to make energy efficiency one of the criteria for awarding public service contracts; - MEPs introduced a new Article 5a providing for agreements to be reached and targets to be set, not on a national basis but per sector in Europe . They argued that this would reduce potential distortion of the internal market, as competing businesses would be jointly responsible for attaining the objective for their sector; - the committee deleted the requirement in the proposal for energy distributors or energy sales operators to offer their customers free audits to evaluate their energy saving needs as long as 5% of them are not covered by energy services. It felt that this might lead to market imbalance between energy distributors and retail sales companies on the one hand and independent suppliers on the other; - the committee introduced a new Article 7a requiring the Member States to take measures to inform the public, including energy customers, about possible energy savings. Moreover, customers should regularly receive information in their energy bills about their consumption figures, to enable them to regulate their own energy consumption; - the Member States should set reference values for improving energy efficiency at European level on the basis of energy efficiency indicators; - a transparent and unbureaucratic system should be set up to measure and check efforts made by the Member States.
  • date: 2005-05-02T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2005-130&language=EN title: A6-0130/2005
  • date: 2005-06-06T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20050606&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2005-06-07T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2005-212 title: T6-0212/2005 summary: The European Parliament adopted the resolution drafted by Mechtild ROTHE (PES, DE) making amendments to the Commission’s proposal designed to ensure a more flexible approach and more rigorous objectives to encourage Member States to save energy. (Please see the summary of 19/04/2005.) In addition to the amendments already discussed in that summary, Parliament made the following changes: - New recitals states that improved energy efficiency will make it possible to exploit potential cost-effective savings in an economically efficient way. Energy efficiency measures and demand side management could realise these energy savings and thus help Europe reduce its dependence on energy imports. Furthermore, a move towards more energy-efficient technologies can boost Europe's innovativeness and competitiveness as underlined in the report of the High-Level Group, chaired by Wim Kok, on the Lisbon strategy. The aim of the Directive is thus not only to continue to promote the supply side of energy services, but also to create stronger incentives for the demand side. The public sector in each Member State should therefore be required to set a good example regarding investments, maintenance and other expenditure for energy-using equipment, energy services and other energy efficiency measures. The funding of supply and the costs of the demand side has an important role to play in energy services. The creation of funds to subsidise the implementation of energy efficiency programmes and other energy efficiency measures and to promote the development of a market for energy services is thus an important tool for the provision of non‑discriminatory start-up funding in such a market; - w ith a view to guaranteeing a level playing field between all energy service providers, cross-subsidies between the various activities of energy suppliers and retailers should be strictly prohibited. The national regulators should endeavour to avoid any distortion of competition in this area; - Parliament introduces definitions for terms such as “energy efficiency”, "energy saving," and ‘energy efficiency service’. Each time the words ‘energy service’ are changed into ‘energy efficiency service’ throughout the Directive; - there are also definitions for "public sector”, “energy savings performance contracts”, and “Public‑private partnership”; - definitions of certain terms such as “ Third-party financing contract” and "Energy performance contracting” are amended; - t he provision of individual components of energy services, such as energy advice and the installation of energy-saving equipment, will also fall within the scope of the Directive. The provision of such individual components by those energy distributors and retail energy sales companies that sell fuel shall constitute compliance by such distributors and companies with their obligations under the Directive; - s hould the reporting required by the Directive show that the measures implemented by the Member State are not leading to the increases in energy efficiency laid down, the Member State concerned shall be required to implement additional measures to reach the targets; - at least two years before expiry of the period during which the targets are applied, the Commission shall present a proposal setting further mandatory targets for energy efficiency to come into force at the end of that period; - the Member States will work towards common EU-wide benchmarks to improve energy efficiency in all the relevant areas being set on the basis of sectoral energy efficiency indicators. In accordance with the committee procedure set out, the Commission will work on harmonised energy efficiency indicators, and benchmarks based upon them, for the energy conversion markets and sub-markets set out in Annex IVa (which is new.) The Commission will present to the European Parliament and the Council not later than three years after implementation a report on the progress on setting indicators and benchmarks. As soon as the Commission together with the Member States elaborates on indicators for all energy conversion markets and sub-markets set in Annex IVa, Member States will decide together whether or not to replace the overall targets by benchmarks, as long as the amount of energy saved by reaching the benchmarks meets the respective mandatory targets set in Article 4(2); - the public sector targets shall consist of savings in the first three years following the entry into force of this Directive of at least 4.5% overall, in the next three years of at least 5.5% overall, and in the three years after that at least 6% overall of energy distributed and/or sold to this sector, allocated and calculated in accordance with the relevant clauses; - the new article 5a states that undertakings may conclude agreements within their sector on promoting energy end-use efficiency. To this end, undertakings may submit an application to the Commission, which must indicate within two months whether binding targets can be set for energy savings in the sector. This introduces the possibility of reaching agreements and setting objectives per sector in Europe; - a new article 7(1)(a) states Member States will ensure that the motor fuel and transport sector meets its particular obligations regarding energy efficiency and energy savings. In addition, the Commission will present to the European Parliament and the Council no later than 1 January 2007 a proposal for a new directive comprehensively covering the promotion of energy efficiency and energy services in the fuel and transport sector; - a new article 7(1) (b) states that Member States must ensure that each energy sector fulfils the specific obligations incumbent upon it with regard to energy efficiency and energy saving, determined in the light of the sector's importance to the economy and the trend in consumption in recent years; - a further new article stipulates that Member States must adopt measures to remove the substantial obstacles hampering the further development of markets for contracting and create incentives for contracting arrangements; - certain additional clauses deal with the establishment of funds set up by Member States to subsidise the delivery of energy efficiency programmes; - not later than two years after the implementation of the Directive the Commission will assess to what extent energy efficiency is and may further be achieved through conversion of energy and installations, such as shifting from individual boilers to district heating or from a fossil energy source to a renewable energy. This assessment will be an additional tool for Member States to achieve more savings potential and ecological benefits in reaching their energy savings targets; - not later than two years after the implementation of the Directive, the Commission shall publish a cost-benefit impact assessment examining the linkages between EU standards, regulations, policies and measures on end-use energy efficiency.
  • date: 2005-09-23T00:00:00 type: Council position published body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=10721%2F05&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 10721/3/2005 summary: The Council agrees with the Commission on the need to make energy savings and to use energy more efficiently. It therefore broadly supports the general aim of the Commission’s proposal. Where the Council has made changes they relate mainly to adapting the Directive to different national situations and existing practices in order to lower the cost and administrative burden of the proposal’s application and generally to make it easier to implement. Of the 97 amendments adopted by the European Parliament, the Council has accepted 37 and rejected the remaining 60. Several of the key amendments rejected were done so on the premise that they go far beyond the provisions of the original Commission’s proposal. As far as the Commission’s proposal is concerned, the Council has introduced a number of changes. To summarise, the main changes introduced by the Council are as follows: - Instead of mandatory targets, the Common Position contains an indicative target of 6% for the sixth year of the Directive’s application. Member States will be obliged to take measures that contribute towards achieving the indicative target and shall fix themselves an intermediate indicative target for the third year of application. The grounds given by the Council for using indicative rather than mandatory targets is that the Member States do not want to be taken to the European Court of Justice for failing to implement a 6% target – especially if they have already achieved, say, a 5% target. - The Common Position does not make reference to a separate, higher target for the public sector but it does require the public sector to fulfil an exemplary role and to take one or more energy efficiency improvements – such as legislative initiatives and/or voluntary agreements or other schemes with an equivalent effect. In addition, Member States are expected to monitor their performance in relation to a national indicative savings target. Regarding the cost-effectiveness of measures, the Member States want to take the most effective measures for cutting costs – irrespective of whether this is in the public or private sector. - The Common Position introduces a comitology procedure. Its main tasks will be to help develop the methods of calculation set out in the Annexes. Provisions have been introduced allowing for the use of voluntary agreements to help contribute to the indicative targets. In other, more editorial changes, the Council has: - Introduced several new recitals and expanded existing recitals. - Changed the wording whereby rather than developing a market for energy services the Directive’s provisions will now seek to create the conditions. - Exempted transport undertakings which rely primarily on the use of aviation and maritime bunker fuels from the scope of the Directive. Certain parts of the armed forces have similarly been excluded. - Attempted to align the definitions in Article 3 with those in other Community legislation. - Introduced an element of flexibility regarding cost-effective measures. The list of public purchasing guidelines has been moved to Annex V in order to exclude other potential cost-effective measures which the public sector could take. - Ensured optimal transparency concerning information relating to energy efficiency mechanisms and financial/legal frameworks. - Allowed Member States, where necessary , to make qualification, certification and accreditation schemes available to energy service providers – rather then making the Member States responsible for ensuring that all market players have access to them. - Introduced two paragraphs allowing for other, less costly audit measures as well as allowing audits resulting from schemes based on voluntary agreements. - Replaced the Commission proposed deadline of 01/06/2006 for transposition with a more realistic deadline of two years. - Amended Annex I to reflect the new methodology for calculating national savings targets. - Made it clear in Annex III that the list contains examples of eligible measure, rather than being limited in nature. - Made changes to Annex IV by adding details for the top-down and bottom-up calculation methods. Further, changes have been made to the list of harmonised lifetimes for energy efficiency improvements. To conclude, the Council notes that both institutions have expressed their support for the overall aim of the Commission’s proposal. The Council is of the view that its Common Position does justice to the over-arching objective of the proposal.
  • date: 2005-09-29T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading body: EP
  • date: 2005-11-23T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 2nd reading body: EP summary: The committee adopted the report by Mechtild ROTHE (PES, DE) amending the Council's common position under the 2nd reading of the codecision procedure. It reinstated, sometimes in modified form, a number of amendments adopted by Parliament at 1st reading and also tabled new amendments: - as regards the indicative targets for national energy savings through energy services and energy efficiency measures, MEPs wanted Member States to save 11.5% after nine years (following the directive's entry into force), whereas the Council had proposed an overall target of 6% to be reached after six years; - particular emphasis should be placed on reporting and monitoring , to encourage the Member States to undertake long-term comprehensive plans for energy efficiency and energy savings. As a compromise between the Council's common position and Parliament's 1st reading proposals, MEPs called for Member States to submit Energy Efficiency Action Plans (as proposed in the Green Paper on energy efficiency) which would serve not only as reports but also as guidelines; - within the EEAPs, Member States should establish three consecutive 3-year intermediate targets , which will be audited and assessed by the Commission. The first of these targets should be at least 3%; - should the reporting show that the measures implemented by Member States are not leading to the increases in energy efficiency laid down, the Commission should be able to require the Member State to implement additional measures to reach the targets, which shall cease to be indicative; - Member States should work towards common EU-wide benchmarks and indicators for the energy conversion markets and sub-markets. These would be integrated into the EEAPs; - whereas the Council had deleted any reference to targets for the public sector, the committee called for Member States to ensure that higher indicative energy savings targets are set for the public sector, as appropriate for its exemplary role. The committee also called once again for the public sector to include energy efficiency as an assessment criterion in competitive tendering for public contracts; - as a compromise between Council and Parliament on the question of laying down a definition for the public sector (the Council was opposed to this) , the committee proposed that Member States should "define the public sector covered by the target in the context of this Directive"; - MEPs reiterated Parliament's 1st reading position requiring Member States to provide "all relevant customer information on energy end-use efficiency and energy savings". They also wanted customers to receive bills on the basis of their actual consumption in more cases than provided for by Council; - the committee reinstated the clause previously introduced by Parliament requiring the Commission to assess to what extent "energy efficiency is and may further be achieved through conversion of energy and installations, such as shifting from individual boilers to district heating or from a fossil energy source to a renewable energy"; - by way of a compromise between Council and Parliament with regard to the evaluation of measures, MEPs proposed a combination of bottom-up and top-down calculation methods, with a predetermined, gradual increase in the bottom-up element (30-40% for the period up to the third year and at least 40-60% up to the sixth year). This standardised calculation model should become uniform throughout Europe ; - the directive should be implemented by Member States one year after its entry in force (as opposed to two years in the common position); - lastly , the committee reinstated a series of 1st reading amendments to Annex III concerning eligible energy improvement measures.
  • date: 2005-11-30T00:00:00 type: Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2005-343&language=EN title: A6-0343/2005
  • date: 2005-12-12T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20051212&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2005-12-13T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=4360&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2005-12-13T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 2nd reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2005-496 title: T6-0496/2005 summary: The European Parliament adopted a resolution drafted by Mechtild ROTHE (PES, DE) with 582 votes in favour, 13 against with 18 abstentions. Parliament adopted 49 compromise amendments, which are the result of negotiations between the rapporteur, shadow rapporteurs and the Council. The compromise adopted asks Member States to save 9% of the energy supplied to end users in the nine years following the directive's entry into force. Member States may set themselves a higher target. The Council had been arguing for a 6% reduction over six years. The national energy savings in relation to the national indicative energy savings target will be measured as from 1 January 2008. Member States will have to adopt three multi-annual Energy Efficiency Action Plans: -For the purpose of the first Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAP) t o be submitted, Member States must establish an intermediate national indicative energy savings target for the third year of application of the Directive, and an overview of its strategy on the achievement of the intermediate and overall targets . The Commission will give an opinion on whether the intermediate national indicative target appears realistic and consistent with the overall target. The first EEAP must be submitted to the Commission no later than 30 June 2007. -Not later than 30 June 2011 Member States must submit a second EEAP, and the third one must be submitted not later than 30 June 2014. All EEAPs must describe the energy efficiency measures planned to reach the targets set out, as well as to meet the provisions on the exemplary role of the public sector and provision of information and advice to final customers set out in the legislation. The second and third EEAPs must include a thorough analysis and evaluation of the preceding plan, include the final results with regard to the fulfilment of the energy savings targets set out, and plans for - and anticipated effects of - additional measures which address any existing or expected shortfall of the target. -Member States must facilitate and enable an exchange of best practices between public sector bodies, for example on energy-efficient public procurement practices, both at the national and international level. -Member States will have a period of two years to transpose the directive into national law with the exception of the first EEAP which has to be submitted by 30 June 2007 and which will be reviewed by the Commission before 1 January 2008. The EEAPs will be assessed in accordance with the prescribed procedure. The second EEAP shall be reviewed before 1 January 2012. The third EEAP shall be reviewed before 1 January 2015. -By 30 June 2008, the Commission shall develop a set of harmonised energy efficiency indicators and benchmarks based upon them, taking into account available data or data that can be collected in a cost-effective manner for each Member State. - Not later than 2 years after the date of entry into force of the Directive, the Commission shall publish a cost-benefit impact assessment examining the linkages between EU standards, regulations, policies and measures on end-use energy efficiency. Finally, the public sector must set an example. Member States are invited to develop guidance aiming to include energy efficiency as a criterion for public procurement processes. More information will be provided to consumers on energy end use efficiency and they will receive detailed and regular statements on their energy consumption.
  • date: 2006-03-14T00:00:00 type: Act approved by Council, 2nd reading body: CSL
  • date: 2006-04-05T00:00:00 type: Final act signed body: CSL
  • date: 2006-04-05T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2006-04-27T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: to enhance the cost-effective improvement of energy end-use efficiency in the Member States. LEGISLATIVE ACT: Directive 2006/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on energy end-use efficiency and energy services and repealing Council Directive 93/76/EEC. CONTENT: in agreeing on this Act the EU intends to contribute towards the improved security of energy supply as well as reducing the emission of dangerous greenhouse gases. Improved energy end-use efficiency will make it possible to exploit potential cost-effective energy savings in an economically viable way. The realisation of the Directive’s principle objective, i.e. the cost-effective improvement of energy end-use efficiency in the Member States, will be achieved by setting energy savings targets of 9% for the ninth year of the Directive’s application. In other measures, the Directive sets out provisions which create the conditions needed for the development and promotion of a market for energy services and for the delivery of other energy efficiency improvement measures for final consumers. In addition to setting a 9% target, the Directive obliges the Member States to prepare three national energy efficiency action plans (EEAP). The public sector is expected to fulfil an exemplary role in achieving the objective’s of this Directive and must invest, maintain and ensure that related expenditure on energy-using equipment, is spent bearing energy-efficiency in mind. Rules on improved consumer information and energy consumption are spelt out as are provision on better metering and the billing of energy consumption. The first energy efficiency action plan must be submitted no later than 30 June 2007. TRANSPOSITION: 17 May 2008. For Article 14 (1), (2) and (4) relating to the Reporting requirements of the EEAPs, the deadline for transposition is 17 May 2006. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 17 May 2006. docs: title: Directive 2006/32 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32006L0032 title: OJ L 114 27.04.2006, p. 0064-0085 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2006:114:TOC
other
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
  • body: EC dg: Energy and Transport
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
ITRE/6/30616
New
  • ITRE/6/30616
procedure/final/url
Old
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32006L0032
New
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32006L0032
procedure/instrument
Old
Directive
New
  • Directive
  • Repealing Directive 93/76/EEC Repealed by 2011/0172(COD)
procedure/subject
Old
  • 3.60 Energy policy
  • 3.60.08 Energy efficiency
  • 4.60.02 Consumer information, advertising, labelling
New
3.60
Energy policy
3.60.08
Energy efficiency
4.60.02
Consumer information, advertising, labelling
procedure/summary
  • Repealed by
  • Repealing Directive 93/76/EEC
activities/19/docs/1/url
Old
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2006:114:SOM:EN:HTML
New
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2006:114:TOC
links/European Commission/title
Old
PreLex
New
EUR-Lex
activities/4/meeting_id
Old
Prés
New
2625
activities
  • date: 2003-12-10T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2003/0739/COM_COM(2003)0739_EN.pdf title: COM(2003)0739 type: Legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52003PC0739:EN body: EC type: Legislative proposal published commission: DG: Energy and Transport
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2554 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2554*&MEET_DATE=15/12/2003 type: Debate in Council title: 2554 council: Transport, Telecommunications and Energy date: 2003-12-15T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2004-01-15T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: ECON date: 2004-09-13T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: WORTMANN-KOOL Corien body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: False committee: ENVI date: 2004-09-01T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta body: EP responsible: False committee: ENVI date: 2004-01-20T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health, Consumer Policy rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2005-09-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2004-07-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2003-12-02T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, External Trade, Research, Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Legal Affairs and Internal Market committee: JURI
  • date: 2004-09-16T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: ECON date: 2004-09-13T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: WORTMANN-KOOL Corien body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: False committee: ENVI date: 2004-09-01T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta body: EP responsible: False committee: ENVI date: 2004-01-20T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health, Consumer Policy rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2005-09-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2004-07-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2003-12-02T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, External Trade, Research, Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Legal Affairs and Internal Market committee: JURI
  • body: CSL meeting_id: Prés docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2625*&MEET_DATE=29/11/2004 type: Debate in Council title: 2625 council: Transport, Telecommunications and Energy date: 2004-11-29T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2005-04-19T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: ECON date: 2004-09-13T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: WORTMANN-KOOL Corien body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: False committee: ENVI date: 2004-09-01T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta body: EP responsible: False committee: ENVI date: 2004-01-20T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health, Consumer Policy rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2005-09-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2004-07-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2003-12-02T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, External Trade, Research, Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Legal Affairs and Internal Market committee: JURI type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2005-05-02T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2005-130&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A6-0130/2005 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: ECON date: 2004-09-13T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: WORTMANN-KOOL Corien body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: False committee: ENVI date: 2004-09-01T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta body: EP responsible: False committee: ENVI date: 2004-01-20T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health, Consumer Policy rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2005-09-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2004-07-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2003-12-02T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, External Trade, Research, Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Legal Affairs and Internal Market committee: JURI type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2005-06-06T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20050606&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2005-06-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2005-212 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0212/2005 body: EP type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2005-06-27T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Transport, Telecommunications and Energy meeting_id: 2671
  • date: 2005-09-23T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=10721%2F05&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC type: Council position published title: 10721/3/2005 body: CSL type: Council position published
  • date: 2005-09-29T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 2nd reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2005-09-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2004-07-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2003-12-02T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, External Trade, Research, Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild
  • date: 2005-11-23T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2005-09-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2004-07-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2003-12-02T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, External Trade, Research, Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild type: Vote in committee, 2nd reading
  • date: 2005-11-30T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2005-343&language=EN type: Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading title: A6-0343/2005 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2005-09-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2004-07-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2003-12-02T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, External Trade, Research, Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild type: Committee recommendation tabled for plenary, 2nd reading
  • date: 2005-12-12T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20051212&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2005-12-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=4360&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2005-496 type: Decision by Parliament, 2nd reading title: T6-0496/2005 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2006-03-14T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Transport, Telecommunications and Energy meeting_id: 2717
  • date: 2006-04-05T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Final act signed
  • date: 2006-04-05T00:00:00 body: EP type: End of procedure in Parliament
  • date: 2006-04-27T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32006L0032 title: Directive 2006/32 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2006:114:SOM:EN:HTML title: OJ L 114 27.04.2006, p. 0064-0085
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: ECON date: 2004-09-13T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: WORTMANN-KOOL Corien
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: ENVI date: 2004-09-01T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: ENVI date: 2004-01-20T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health, Consumer Policy rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: KORHOLA Eija-Riitta
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO
  • body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2005-09-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild
  • body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2004-07-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild
  • body: EP responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2003-12-02T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, External Trade, Research, Energy rapporteur: group: PSE name: ROTHE Mechtild
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Legal Affairs and Internal Market committee: JURI
links
National parliaments
European Commission
other
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
  • body: EC dg: Energy and Transport
procedure
dossier_of_the_committee
ITRE/6/30616
reference
2003/0300(COD)
subtype
Legislation
legal_basis
EC Treaty (after Amsterdam) EC 175-p1
stage_reached
Procedure completed
summary
instrument
Directive
title
Energy end-use efficiency and energy services
type
COD - Ordinary legislative procedure (ex-codecision procedure)
final
subject