BETA


2004/2208(INI) Application of building legislation LRAU. Petition 609/2003

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead PETI FOURTOU Janelly (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 216-p2

Events

2006/03/13
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2006/01/12
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2005/12/13
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2005/12/13
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted a resolution with 550 votes in favour, 45 against with 25 abstentions on the alleged abuse of the Valencian Land Law known as the LRAU and its effect on European citizens. The resolution was based on an own-initiative report drafted by Janelly FOURTOU (ALDE).

Parliament had received around 15 000 petitions from individuals and associations representing several thousand EU citizens and residents settled in the Valencian Autonomous Region, complaining about various aspects of development activities, including the destruction of the environment and overdevelopment and in many cases protesting about the infringement of their legitimate property rights as a result of the improper application of the Ley Reguladora de la Actividad Urbanística (LRAU) .

The background to this matter is as follows: the land law in force in Spain grants land owners 90 % of the building rights and the specific nature of the LRAU requires owners, in the event of the approval of an integrated development plan by a local authority, to surrender not only 10 % of their building rights to the municipality without compensation as " patrimonio municipal de suelo" (municipal land), but also the land for any paths, roads, car parks, public spaces and public facilities, or to pay the development costs decided by the developer of the new infrastructure, a procedure over which the owner has no control whatsoever. Parliament felt that it was plain that some owners had been harmed by this land development process. The main complaints concern the methods of expropriation, which are sometimes oppressive and based on valuations which are extremely low, with subsequent onward sales at high market prices and in circumstances where the information available does not allow interested parties to react. The lack of transparency and of clear pre-set criteria made it apparent that the methods for awarding contracts are not in conformity with European law, which has led the Commission to send a Letter of Formal Notice to Spain. The main problems arising from the application of the LRAU concern the role of the "development agent" (urbanizador) , the inadequate means of determination and publication of the contracts to be awarded, insufficient notification to the owners of the land and the lack of clear definitions of the concepts of 'public interest' and 'adequate compensation', issues as to which the law needs to conform with the requirements laid down by the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Communities (ECJ) and the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). In addition, some land development plans seem to have a disastrous impact on the environment and the ecology of many coastal zones and, more particularly, on the future conditions for the supply of water, which is a subject of concern to the European Union.

Parliament considered that the main problems raised by citizens have focused on the improper application of the LRAU by those involved in the development process and on the administration by competent public authorities, in particular certain local authorities and the Valencian Regional Government. It welcomed the decision of the Valencian Regional Government to pass a new law designed to replace the LRAU and, in particular, the invitation by the President of the Region to Parliament to submit recommendations. Parliament felt that it was not its responsibility to amend the draft version of this new law, invited the competent authorities to take account of the following suggestions:

- the inclusion in the new law of a clear definition of 'public interest' which unambiguously prevents the possibility that the "public interest" justification for expropriation – which is a precondition for any expropriation under European human and fundamental rights legislation – could be used for the promotion of private, rather than public, interests;

- the establishment of binding criteria for the calculation of compensation in cases of expropriation on the basis of the standards and principles recognised by the case-law of the ECJ and ECHR,

- fundamental review of the bases for selecting the "development agent", and of the procedure for awarding public contracts to the "development agent" selected, to ensure that such a function is compatible with European law, given the existence of serious doubts on this subject as evidenced by the current infringement proceedings, so as to enhance the transparency of the procedure for awarding public contracts and to safeguard the property rights of European citizens,

- measures to ensure that each land owner concerned by any development plans is informed individually, effectively and in good time of any plan, and any aspect thereof, which might affect his or her property and fundamental rights, so as to guarantee an adequate possibility to consider appropriate action.

Parliament went on to call upon the competent Valencian and Spanish authorities to ensure that general development plans which are likely to have significant environmental effects are made subject to a strategic environmental impact assessment pursuant to Directive 2001/42/EC. Also, any decisions on future developments should be compatible with the requirements of Directive 2000/60/EC as regards the prudent use and protection of water resources. Claims offices should be set up to provide assistance for people affected by the LRAU in administrative terms, supplying them with all the information required to enable them to consider the advisability of any legal action. Parliament felt that there was a need for a moratorium as regards granting consent for new development projects and plans on non-development land, pending the entry into force of the revised legislation.

Finally, it asked the Commission to draw on the experiences of this episode and, in view of the large number of EU citizens now buying property in EU countries other than their own, to consider what safeguards – legislative, non-legislative or merely advisory – might be appropriate so as to protect and assist citizens undertaking such important transactions and investments outside their home jurisdictions, and to report the outcome of such deliberations to the European Parliament.

Documents
2005/12/13
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2005/12/12
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2005/12/05
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2005/12/05
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2005/11/23
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2005/11/10
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2005/09/26
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2004/11/18
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2004/09/29
   EP - FOURTOU Janelly (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in PETI

Documents

  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2006)0453
  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2006)0053
  • Results of vote in Parliament: Results of vote in Parliament
  • Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading: T6-0510/2005
  • Debate in Parliament: Debate in Parliament
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading: A6-0382/2005
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading: A6-0382/2005
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE364.928
  • Committee draft report: PE362.800
  • Committee draft report: PE362.800
  • Amendments tabled in committee: PE364.928
  • Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading: A6-0382/2005
  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2006)0053
  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2006)0453

Votes

Rapport Fourtou A6-0382/2005 - par. 5/1

2005/12/13 Outcome: +: 546, -: 39, 0: 18
DE FR GB IT PL ES CZ PT HU NL SE EL BE LT AT FI DK IE SK SI EE CY MT LV LU
Total
82
64
68
51
49
45
21
20
17
24
17
17
19
12
16
13
13
10
9
6
6
5
5
9
5
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
227
2

Denmark PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE-DE

2

Malta PPE-DE

2

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3
icon: PSE PSE
175

Czechia PSE

2

Lithuania PSE

2

Ireland PSE

1

Slovenia PSE

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
72

Hungary ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

3

Austria ALDE

1
4

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
27

France GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: UEN UEN
23

Lithuania UEN

2

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1

Ireland UEN

3
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
26

France IND/DEM

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia IND/DEM

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Sweden IND/DEM

3

Denmark IND/DEM

1
icon: NI NI
18

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Against (2)

3

Belgium NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Austria NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
35

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3

Italy Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

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1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Rapport Fourtou A6-0382/2005 - am. 8

2005/12/13 Outcome: -: 315, +: 265, 0: 15
PL EL SK HU LV LU SI CY FI IT DE BE MT IE AT FR ES NL EE LT CZ DK PT SE GB
Total
47
18
11
18
9
6
7
5
11
51
81
17
5
11
15
60
44
23
6
12
20
13
20
17
68
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
217

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Slovenia PPE-DE

Against (1)

4

Cyprus PPE-DE

2

Finland PPE-DE

Against (1)

3

Belgium PPE-DE

2

Malta PPE-DE

2

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1
2

Denmark PPE-DE

For (1)

1
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
28

Greece IND/DEM

1

France IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Czechia IND/DEM

1

Denmark IND/DEM

1

Sweden IND/DEM

3
icon: NI NI
23

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Italy NI

Against (1)

2

Belgium NI

2

Austria NI

For (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

4
icon: UEN UEN
23

Ireland UEN

3

Lithuania UEN

Against (1)

2

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
28

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

France GUE/NGL

3

Spain GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
70

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

2

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Spain ALDE

Against (1)

2

Netherlands ALDE

Against (2)

Abstain (1)

5

Estonia ALDE

Against (2)

2

Denmark ALDE

Abstain (1)

4

Sweden ALDE

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
33

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

Against (2)

2
icon: PSE PSE
173

Slovakia PSE

3

Luxembourg PSE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia PSE

Against (1)

1

Finland PSE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Ireland PSE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania PSE

2

Czechia PSE

Against (1)

1

Rapport Fourtou A6-0382/2005 - am. 9

2005/12/13 Outcome: -: 357, +: 242, 0: 22
DE HU EL SK PL LV LU CY EE FI MT IE SI ES AT PT LT IT DK BE CZ NL SE FR GB
Total
84
19
18
11
48
9
6
5
6
13
5
11
7
46
16
20
12
53
13
19
23
24
17
67
69
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
231

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Cyprus PPE-DE

2

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE-DE

2

Slovenia PPE-DE

Against (1)

4
2

Denmark PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Sweden PPE-DE

Abstain (1)

4
icon: NI NI
26

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Austria NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Belgium NI

2

Czechia NI

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

4
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
29

Greece IND/DEM

1

Denmark IND/DEM

1

Czechia IND/DEM

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Sweden IND/DEM

3

France IND/DEM

2
icon: UEN UEN
21

Ireland UEN

3

Lithuania UEN

2

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
28

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Spain GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

France GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
35

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
73

Hungary ALDE

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

Abstain (1)

4

Sweden ALDE

For (1)

3
icon: PSE PSE
178

Slovakia PSE

3

Luxembourg PSE

Against (1)

1

Finland PSE

3

Ireland PSE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia PSE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania PSE

2

Czechia PSE

2

Rapport Fourtou A6-0382/2005 - par. 17

2005/12/13 Outcome: +: 566, 0: 24, -: 20
DE FR IT ES PL GB CZ PT HU NL BE EL AT LT DK FI SE IE SK SI LV CY LU EE MT
Total
82
65
52
47
48
67
22
20
19
22
19
18
15
12
13
13
17
11
12
7
9
5
5
5
5
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
228
2

Denmark PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE-DE

2

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE-DE

2
icon: PSE PSE
175

Czechia PSE

2

Lithuania PSE

2

Ireland PSE

1

Slovenia PSE

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
71

Hungary ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

1
4

Sweden ALDE

3

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
34

Italy Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
28

France GUE/NGL

3

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: UEN UEN
21

Lithuania UEN

2

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1

Ireland UEN

3
icon: NI NI
24

Italy NI

Abstain (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

4

Belgium NI

2

Austria NI

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia NI

Abstain (2)

3
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
29

France IND/DEM

2

Czechia IND/DEM

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Greece IND/DEM

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark IND/DEM

1

Sweden IND/DEM

3

Rapport Fourtou A6-0382/2005 - am. 6

2005/12/13 Outcome: -: 335, +: 267, 0: 18
DE HU EL SK LV PL LU SI FI CY IE BE MT ES PT FR AT EE LT IT SE NL DK CZ GB
Total
84
19
18
11
9
49
6
7
13
5
11
19
5
46
20
65
15
5
12
55
17
24
13
23
69
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
230

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Slovenia PPE-DE

Against (1)

4

Cyprus PPE-DE

2

Malta PPE-DE

2

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1
2

Denmark PPE-DE

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
25

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Belgium NI

2

Austria NI

For (1)

1

Czechia NI

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

4
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
29

Greece IND/DEM

1

France IND/DEM

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Sweden IND/DEM

3

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Denmark IND/DEM

1

Czechia IND/DEM

1
icon: UEN UEN
24

Ireland UEN

3

Lithuania UEN

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Denmark UEN

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
72

Hungary ALDE

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

2

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

Against (2)

2

Sweden ALDE

3

Denmark ALDE

Abstain (1)

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
28

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

1

Spain GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

Against (1)

2

France GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
35

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3
icon: PSE PSE
177

Slovakia PSE

3

Luxembourg PSE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia PSE

Against (1)

1

Finland PSE

3

Ireland PSE

Against (1)

1

Estonia PSE

2

Lithuania PSE

2

Czechia PSE

2

Rapport Fourtou A6-0382/2005 - am. 2

2005/12/13 Outcome: +: 288, -: 284, 0: 50
DE LT HU SI SK LV BE FI NL LU IT IE PL EL EE FR CY CZ MT AT SE ES DK PT GB
Total
84
12
19
7
12
9
19
13
24
6
55
11
49
17
6
66
5
23
5
16
17
45
13
20
69
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
230
2

Slovenia PPE-DE

Abstain (1)

4

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE-DE

Against (1)

2

Malta PPE-DE

2

Denmark PPE-DE

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
73

Hungary ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

3
4
icon: NI NI
27

Slovakia NI

Abstain (2)

3

Belgium NI

2

Czechia NI

1

Austria NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

United Kingdom NI

4
icon: UEN UEN
24

Lithuania UEN

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Ireland UEN

3

Denmark UEN

Against (1)

1
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
28

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Greece IND/DEM

Against (1)

1

France IND/DEM

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia IND/DEM

Against (1)

1

Sweden IND/DEM

3

Denmark IND/DEM

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
28

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

France GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Spain GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
35

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

3
icon: PSE PSE
177

Lithuania PSE

2

Slovenia PSE

Against (1)

1

Slovakia PSE

3

Finland PSE

3

Luxembourg PSE

Against (1)

1

Ireland PSE

Against (1)

1

Czechia PSE

2

Rapport Fourtou A6-0382/2005 - résolution

2005/12/13 Outcome: +: 550, -: 45, 0: 25
DE IT FR GB PL CZ NL BE HU PT ES FI AT DK LT SE IE SK LV SI LU CY EE MT EL
Total
84
55
64
69
49
23
24
19
19
20
46
13
16
13
12
17
11
12
9
7
6
5
5
5
17
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
231

Denmark PPE-DE

For (1)

1
2

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Cyprus PPE-DE

2

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

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