BETA


2005/0091(NLE) EC/Turkey agreement: additional Protocol to the Agreement establishing an Association following the 2004 enlargement of the Union

Progress: Awaiting committee decision

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET
Former Responsible Committee AFET
Former Responsible Committee AFET
Former Responsible Committee AFET
Committee Opinion INTA
Former Committee Opinion INTA
Former Committee Opinion INTA
Former Committee Opinion INTA
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 217, TFEU 218-p6a

Events

2014/10/20
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2009/12/02
   all - Additional information
Details

The Lisbon Treaty, which entered into force on 1 December 2009, amended the EU's two core treaties, the Treaty on European Union (TEU) and the Treaty establishing the European Community (EC Treaty). The latter was renamed the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

These changes had various consequences for many ongoing procedures. First of all, the articles of the TEU and of the old EC Treaty that constitute the legal basis of all the proposals founded on those Treaties were renumbered in accordance with the table of equivalences mentioned in Article 5 of the Lisbon Treaty.

In addition, some proposals underwent a change to their legal basis going beyond a mere change to their numbering, and this resulted in changes to the type of procedure .

The Lisbon Treaty also introduced new concepts of decision-making procedure . The old "codecision procedure" was extended to new areas and renamed the "ordinary legislative procedure". A new "consent procedure" replaced the old "assent procedure". New interinstitutional procedures were also set up for the adoption of certain non-legislative acts, for example the conclusion of some international agreements.

The ongoing proposals concerned by these changes were formally modified by the Commission in a Communication published on 2 December 2009 (COM(2009)0665).

In the case of the proposal for a Council Decision on the conclusion of the Additional Protocol to the Agreement establishing an Association between the European Economic Community and Turkey following the enlargement of the European Union, the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty had the following impacts :

· the old legal basis – Act/Accession/CEEC/Art 6 par 2; Treaty/EC/Art.300(2) and (3), Art.310 – became Art. 217, Art. 218 (6)(a) of the TFEU. Please note that the numbering of the old legal bases corresponds to the consolidated versions of the Treaties that were applicable immediately before the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, and may differ from the references in the original Commission proposal ;

· the proposal, which had previously fallen under the old assent procedure (AVC), was classified as an interinstitutional non-legislative procedure (NLE).

2009/10/19
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2005/10/20
   Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2005/09/28
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2005/09/28
   EP - Debate in Parliament
Details

The European Parliament postponed voting on the report by Elmar BROK (EPP-ED, DE), concerning approval of the protocol extending Turkey's association agreement with the EU to the ten new member states. Parliament voted 311 votes in favour, 285 against and 63 abstentions to postpone the vote . The postponement comes about due to the fact that, when signing the Protocol, Turkey issued a unilateral declaration restating its longstanding position of non-recognition of the Republic of Cyprus. Turkey has also refused to admit vessels and airplanes from Cyprus.

The EC and its Member States subsequently issued a declaration setting out its position on the issues raised. That declaration makes clear that the 'declaration by Turkey is unilateral, does not form part of the Protocol and has no legal effect on Turkey's obligations under the Protocol'. Furthermore, it states that 'Turkey must apply the Protocol fully to all European Union Member States' and that the 'European Union will monitor this closely and evaluate full implementation in 2006'. The declaration also restates that the European Community and its Member States 'recognise only the Republic of Cyprus as a subject of international law' and clarifies that 'recognition of all Member States is a necessary component of Turkey's accession process'. Finally, the statement makes it clear that the European Community and its Member States agree on the importance of supporting the efforts of the UN Secretary-General to bring about a comprehensive settlement of the Cyprus problem in line with the relevant UN Security Council resolutions and the very principles on which the EU is founded, so that a just and lasting settlement will contribute to peace, stability and harmonious relations on the island and in the region in a broader sense.

A majority of MEPs first wanted guarantees from the Turkish authorities that the declaration was not going to be part of the ratification in the Turkish parliament, fearing that it would then have legal implications.

Commissioner REHN stated during the debate in Parliament that the essence of the matter is that the declaration by Turkey is simply unilateral. It has no legal effect and it cannot in any way call into question the full and non-discriminatory implementation of the Protocol.

In a political resolution voted afterwards, Parliament noted "the Commission and the Council take the view that Turkey has formally fulfilled the last conditions for starting the accession negotiations on 3 October 2005." (Please refer to RSP20052576). It called on Turkey fully to implement all the provisions of the Protocol. The Commission is asked to make a full assessment of the implementation of the extended Ankara Agreement. Parliament stressed that failure in the implementation of this agreement would have serious implications for the negotiation process and could even lead to a halting of the negotiation process.

2005/06/22
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2005/06/13
   CSL - Council Meeting
2005/06/08
   CSL - Supplementary legislative basic document
Details

This document is the definitive protocol of the Agreement between the Union and Turkey following the accession of the ten new Member States.

Documents
2005/06/07
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to conclude an Additional Protocol to the Agreement establishing an Association between the European Economic Community and Turkey following the enlargement of the European Union.

PROPOSED ACT : Council Decision (conclusion of an Agreement)

CONTENT : ten new Member States acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004. Under Article 6(2) of the Act of Accession 2003, the new Member States have undertaken to accede to, amongst others, the Agreement establishing an Association between the European Economic Community and Turkey. This Article provides for a simplified procedure, namely the conclusion of a protocol by the Council, acting unanimously on behalf of the Member States, and the third country concerned. This procedure is without prejudice to the Community’s own competences and does not affect the allocation of powers between the Community and the Member States.

The aim of this proposal is to conclude this Additional Protocol on the basis of negotiation directives adopted by the Council on 9 March 2004.

Article 1 (1) of the Additional Protocol takes account of incomplete past ratification procedures with regard to previous accessions of six Member States. Even though these earlier procedures were not completed, there has nevertheless been a de facto and de jure association between these states and Turkey.

The Additional Protocol provides for the necessary technical adaptations of the Association Agreement that ensue from the accession of the new contracting parties. The Additional Protocol includes a number of adjustments brought about by the institutional and legal developments within the EC, as well as by the accession of the new Member States to this mixed agreement and an increase in the number of official languages.

The text of the Protocol negotiated with Turkey is annexed to the proposal (see Council document 9616/2005)

Documents
2005/05/13
   EC - Initial legislative proposal
2005/05/13
   EC - Initial legislative proposal published

Documents

History

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                  activities
                  • date: 2005-05-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2005/0191/COM_COM(2005)0191_EN.pdf title: COM(2005)0191 type: Initial legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52005PC0191(02):EN body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/european-neighbourhood-policy-and-enlargement-negotiations_en title: Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations Commissioner: FÜLE Štefan type: Initial legislative proposal published
                  • date: 2005-06-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=9617%2F05&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC type: Legislative proposal published title: 09617/2005 body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/european-neighbourhood-policy-and-enlargement-negotiations_en title: Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations Commissioner: FÜLE Štefan type: Legislative proposal published
                  • date: 2005-06-13T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: General Affairs meeting_id: 2667
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                  • date: 2005-09-28T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=4168&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20050928&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
                  • date: 2009-10-19T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee_full: Foreign Affairs committee: AFET body: EP responsible: True committee: AFET date: 2009-09-21T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE name: OOMEN-RUIJTEN Ria body: EP responsible: False committee_full: International Trade committee: INTA
                  • date: 2009-12-02T00:00:00 body: all type: Additional information
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                  • body: EC dg: Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations commissioner: FÜLE Štefan
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                      • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: General Affairs meeting_id: 2667 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2667*&MEET_DATE=13/06/2005 date: 2005-06-13T00:00:00
                      docs
                      • date: 2005-05-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2005/0191/COM_COM(2005)0191_EN.pdf title: COM(2005)0191 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2005&nu_doc=191 title: EUR-Lex type: Initial legislative proposal body: EC
                      • date: 2005-06-08T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=9616%2F05&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 09616/2005 summary: This document is the definitive protocol of the Agreement between the Union and Turkey following the accession of the ten new Member States. type: Supplementary legislative basic document body: CSL
                      • date: 2005-10-20T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=4168&j=0&l=en title: SP(2005)4139 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
                      events
                      • date: 2005-05-13T00:00:00 type: Initial legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2005/0191/COM_COM(2005)0191_EN.pdf title: COM(2005)0191 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2005&nu_doc=191 title: EUR-Lex
                      • date: 2005-06-07T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=9617%2F05&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 09617/2005 summary: PURPOSE: to conclude an Additional Protocol to the Agreement establishing an Association between the European Economic Community and Turkey following the enlargement of the European Union. PROPOSED ACT : Council Decision (conclusion of an Agreement) CONTENT : ten new Member States acceded to the European Union on 1 May 2004. Under Article 6(2) of the Act of Accession 2003, the new Member States have undertaken to accede to, amongst others, the Agreement establishing an Association between the European Economic Community and Turkey. This Article provides for a simplified procedure, namely the conclusion of a protocol by the Council, acting unanimously on behalf of the Member States, and the third country concerned. This procedure is without prejudice to the Community’s own competences and does not affect the allocation of powers between the Community and the Member States. The aim of this proposal is to conclude this Additional Protocol on the basis of negotiation directives adopted by the Council on 9 March 2004. Article 1 (1) of the Additional Protocol takes account of incomplete past ratification procedures with regard to previous accessions of six Member States. Even though these earlier procedures were not completed, there has nevertheless been a de facto and de jure association between these states and Turkey. The Additional Protocol provides for the necessary technical adaptations of the Association Agreement that ensue from the accession of the new contracting parties. The Additional Protocol includes a number of adjustments brought about by the institutional and legal developments within the EC, as well as by the accession of the new Member States to this mixed agreement and an increase in the number of official languages. The text of the Protocol negotiated with Turkey is annexed to the proposal (see Council document 9616/2005)
                      • date: 2005-06-22T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
                      • date: 2005-09-28T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=4168&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
                      • date: 2005-09-28T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20050928&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament summary: The European Parliament postponed voting on the report by Elmar BROK (EPP-ED, DE), concerning approval of the protocol extending Turkey's association agreement with the EU to the ten new member states. Parliament voted 311 votes in favour, 285 against and 63 abstentions to postpone the vote . The postponement comes about due to the fact that, when signing the Protocol, Turkey issued a unilateral declaration restating its longstanding position of non-recognition of the Republic of Cyprus. Turkey has also refused to admit vessels and airplanes from Cyprus. The EC and its Member States subsequently issued a declaration setting out its position on the issues raised. That declaration makes clear that the 'declaration by Turkey is unilateral, does not form part of the Protocol and has no legal effect on Turkey's obligations under the Protocol'. Furthermore, it states that 'Turkey must apply the Protocol fully to all European Union Member States' and that the 'European Union will monitor this closely and evaluate full implementation in 2006'. The declaration also restates that the European Community and its Member States 'recognise only the Republic of Cyprus as a subject of international law' and clarifies that 'recognition of all Member States is a necessary component of Turkey's accession process'. Finally, the statement makes it clear that the European Community and its Member States agree on the importance of supporting the efforts of the UN Secretary-General to bring about a comprehensive settlement of the Cyprus problem in line with the relevant UN Security Council resolutions and the very principles on which the EU is founded, so that a just and lasting settlement will contribute to peace, stability and harmonious relations on the island and in the region in a broader sense. A majority of MEPs first wanted guarantees from the Turkish authorities that the declaration was not going to be part of the ratification in the Turkish parliament, fearing that it would then have legal implications. Commissioner REHN stated during the debate in Parliament that the essence of the matter is that the declaration by Turkey is simply unilateral. It has no legal effect and it cannot in any way call into question the full and non-discriminatory implementation of the Protocol. In a political resolution voted afterwards, Parliament noted "the Commission and the Council take the view that Turkey has formally fulfilled the last conditions for starting the accession negotiations on 3 October 2005." (Please refer to RSP20052576). It called on Turkey fully to implement all the provisions of the Protocol. The Commission is asked to make a full assessment of the implementation of the extended Ankara Agreement. Parliament stressed that failure in the implementation of this agreement would have serious implications for the negotiation process and could even lead to a halting of the negotiation process.
                      • date: 2009-10-19T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
                      • date: 2009-12-02T00:00:00 type: Additional information body: all summary: The Lisbon Treaty, which entered into force on 1 December 2009, amended the EU's two core treaties, the Treaty on European Union (TEU) and the Treaty establishing the European Community (EC Treaty). The latter was renamed the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). These changes had various consequences for many ongoing procedures. First of all, the articles of the TEU and of the old EC Treaty that constitute the legal basis of all the proposals founded on those Treaties were renumbered in accordance with the table of equivalences mentioned in Article 5 of the Lisbon Treaty. In addition, some proposals underwent a change to their legal basis going beyond a mere change to their numbering, and this resulted in changes to the type of procedure . The Lisbon Treaty also introduced new concepts of decision-making procedure . The old "codecision procedure" was extended to new areas and renamed the "ordinary legislative procedure". A new "consent procedure" replaced the old "assent procedure". New interinstitutional procedures were also set up for the adoption of certain non-legislative acts, for example the conclusion of some international agreements. The ongoing proposals concerned by these changes were formally modified by the Commission in a Communication published on 2 December 2009 (COM(2009)0665). In the case of the proposal for a Council Decision on the conclusion of the Additional Protocol to the Agreement establishing an Association between the European Economic Community and Turkey following the enlargement of the European Union, the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty had the following impacts : · the old legal basis – Act/Accession/CEEC/Art 6 par 2; Treaty/EC/Art.300(2) and (3), Art.310 – became Art. 217, Art. 218 (6)(a) of the TFEU. Please note that the numbering of the old legal bases corresponds to the consolidated versions of the Treaties that were applicable immediately before the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, and may differ from the references in the original Commission proposal ; · the proposal, which had previously fallen under the old assent procedure (AVC), was classified as an interinstitutional non-legislative procedure (NLE).
                      • date: 2014-10-20T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
                      links
                      other
                      • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/european-neighbourhood-policy-and-enlargement-negotiations_en title: Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations commissioner: FÜLE Štefan
                      procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
                      Old
                      AFET/8/00009
                      New
                      • AFET/9/00009
                      procedure/subject
                      Old
                      • 8.20.01 Candidate countries
                      New
                      8.20.01
                      Candidate countries
                      activities/0/commission/0/DG/title
                      Old
                      Enlargement
                      New
                      Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations
                      activities/0/commission/0/DG/url
                      Old
                      http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/
                      New
                      http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/european-neighbourhood-policy-and-enlargement-negotiations_en
                      activities/1/commission/0/DG/title
                      Old
                      Enlargement
                      New
                      Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations
                      activities/1/commission/0/DG/url
                      Old
                      http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/
                      New
                      http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/european-neighbourhood-policy-and-enlargement-negotiations_en
                      other/0/dg/title
                      Old
                      Enlargement
                      New
                      Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations
                      other/0/dg/url
                      Old
                      http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/
                      New
                      http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/european-neighbourhood-policy-and-enlargement-negotiations_en
                      activities/0/docs/0/celexid
                      CELEX:52005PC0191(02):EN
                      activities/0/docs/0/celexid
                      CELEX:52005PC0191(02):EN
                      activities/0/docs/0/url
                      Old
                      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2005/0191/COM_COM(2005)0191_EN.pdf
                      New
                      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2005/0191/COM_COM(2005)0191_EN.pdf
                      activities/0/docs/0/celexid
                      CELEX:52005PC0191(02):EN
                      activities/0/docs/0/url
                      Old
                      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2005/0191/COM_COM(2005)0191_EN.pdf
                      New
                      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2005/0191/COM_COM(2005)0191_EN.pdf
                      activities/0/docs/0/url
                      Old
                      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2005/0191/COM_COM(2005)0191_EN.pdf
                      New
                      http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2005/0191/COM_COM(2005)0191_EN.pdf
                      activities/0/docs/0/celexid
                      CELEX:52005PC0191(02):EN
                      activities
                      • date: 2005-05-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2005/0191/COM_COM(2005)0191_EN.pdf title: COM(2005)0191 type: Initial legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52005PC0191(02):EN body: EC type: Initial legislative proposal published commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/ title: Enlargement Commissioner: FÜLE Štefan
                      • date: 2005-06-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=9617%2F05&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC type: Legislative proposal published title: 09617/2005 body: EC type: Legislative proposal published commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/ title: Enlargement Commissioner: FÜLE Štefan
                      • date: 2005-06-13T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: General Affairs meeting_id: 2667
                      • date: 2005-06-22T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee_full: Foreign Affairs committee: AFET body: EP responsible: True committee: AFET date: 2009-09-21T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE name: OOMEN-RUIJTEN Ria body: EP responsible: False committee_full: International Trade committee: INTA
                      • date: 2005-09-28T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=4168&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20050928&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
                      • date: 2009-10-19T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee_full: Foreign Affairs committee: AFET body: EP responsible: True committee: AFET date: 2009-09-21T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE name: OOMEN-RUIJTEN Ria body: EP responsible: False committee_full: International Trade committee: INTA
                      • date: 2009-12-02T00:00:00 body: all type: Additional information
                      • date: 2014-10-20T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee_full: Foreign Affairs committee: AFET body: EP responsible: True committee: AFET date: 2009-09-21T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE name: OOMEN-RUIJTEN Ria body: EP responsible: False committee_full: International Trade committee: INTA
                      committees
                      • body: EP responsible: True committee_full: Foreign Affairs committee: AFET
                      • body: EP responsible: True committee: AFET date: 2009-09-21T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE name: OOMEN-RUIJTEN Ria
                      • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: International Trade committee: INTA
                      links
                      other
                      • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/ title: Enlargement commissioner: FÜLE Štefan
                      procedure
                      dossier_of_the_committee
                      AFET/8/00009
                      geographical_area
                      Turkey
                      reference
                      2005/0091(NLE)
                      subtype
                      Consent by Parliament
                      legal_basis
                      stage_reached
                      Awaiting committee decision
                      instrument
                      Decision
                      title
                      EC/Turkey agreement: additional Protocol to the Agreement establishing an Association following the 2004 enlargement of the Union
                      type
                      NLE - Non-legislative enactments
                      subject
                      8.20.01 Candidate countries