BETA


2005/2082(INI) Transatlantic economic relations

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead INTA MANN Erika (icon: PSE PSE)
Committee Opinion CULT DESCAMPS Marie-Hélène (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Committee Opinion AFET
Committee Opinion ITRE EK Lena (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Committee Opinion TRAN JAŁOWIECKI Stanisław (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Committee Opinion LIBE
Committee Opinion IMCO NEWTON DUNN Bill (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Committee Opinion ECON HÖKMARK Gunnar (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2006/06/22
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2006/06/01
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2006/06/01
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted a resolution based on the own-initiative report by Erika MANN (PES, DE) on EU-US transatlantic economic relations, stating that economic ties between the EU and the US are an important stabilising factor for the transatlantic relationship in general and have grown so significantly over the last decades that both partners have an increasing stake in each other's economic development.

A de facto Transatlantic Market: Trade between the two great markets had reached unprecedented levels, with trade exchanges alone being worth EUR one billion a day. Parliament stressed that EU-US economic ties translated into a substantial volume of employment, since close to 7 million jobs on either side were already provided by the transatlantic economy and therefore remained dependent on its functioning and expansion.

The EU-US relationship was overshadowed to a considerable extent by political conflict and was quite often characterised by rhetoric and trade disputes. Parliament warned against the risks inherent in taking this unique relationship for granted. It feared that the current framework for the transatlantic relationship did not adequately reflect the reality, and called for a more visionary and strategic approach to respond properly to the pressing economic issues, such as competition policies, standardised corporate governance, compatible or common standards and more effective regulatory cooperation.

The way ahead: a stronger transatlantic economic partnership: Parliament recommended that by the next 2006 summit, the EU and the US agree to both update the New Transatlantic Agenda (NTA) of 1995 and the Transatlantic Economic Partnership (TEP) of 1998 and draw up a new transatlantic partnership agreement that covers both and leads to the achievement of a "barrier-free transatlantic market" by 2015 with a 2010 accelerated target date for financial services and capital markets. This initiative should be based on the Economic Initiative adopted at the June 2005 EU-US Summit and the Joint EU- US Work Programme, setting specific sector-by-sector objectives with a view to taking stock of the progress achieved in 2005-2006 and specifying future steps to be taken.

The economic chapter of the proposed partnership agreement should provide for a new architecture that includes: regulatory co-operation; a set of operational tools of an horizontal character (including an effective early warning system and a third-generation agreement on the application of competition law); sectoral economic co-operation agreements building on the above-mentioned Joint EU- US Work Programme.

However, the strengthening of transatlantic economic cooperation should not lead to downward harmonization in the regulatory field that would erode consumer confidence with regard to health and safety. Parliament urged that the Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue and the Transatlantic Environmental Dialogue be revitalized to develop "best practices" to advance consumer health, safety and environmental protection, thus facilitating a more sustainable transatlantic marketplace.

Doha Development Agenda: Parliament urged the EU and the US to remain fully committed to the WTO multilateral negotiations and not to engage in competition for bilateral or regional trade agreements. It welcomed the agreement within the WTO framework on the definitive elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies, including those in the form of food aid and other export refund systems, by 2013 and stresses that comparable progress has yet to be achieved in the areas of domestic support and market access.

Promoting regulatory and standards cooperation: regulatory barriers had become one of the most significant obstacles to trade and investment between the EU and the US. Parliament warned against the proliferation of unjustified additional regulations at State level, the non-use of relevant international standards as the basis for technical regulations and the practice of excessive reliance on third-party certification in the US. It expressed its concern about the lack of a clear definition of "national security" in the US and its excessive use as a restriction on trade and investment. It regretted in particular the so-called "Berry Amendment" used by the Defense Department and the 1988 "Exon-Florio Amendment" and subsequent legislation to limit foreign investment in, or ownership of, businesses relating even tangentially to national security.

Stimulating open and competitive capital markets: Parliament called for the mutual recognition of accounting standards followed by their progressive convergence, based on reliable regulatory supervision, so that companies can use a single standard in both markets and in order to reduce listing costs. It strongly rejected the US postponement of the implementation of the Basel II Accord on Capital Requirements and called on the US to honour its commitments in order to create a world-wide level playing field for banks. Diverging approaches might hamper EU banks with US operations from setting up integrated-risk management systems.

Spurring innovation and the development of technology: Parliament pointed out that it was beneficial to both sides to promote co-operation in research and development and to pursue investment programmes, in certain fields, such as technologies for high-speed ground transport and the development of synthetic fuels and electric propulsion mechanisms for automobiles, and the development of new technologies for the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases. It recommended a series of joint measures on ICT and suggested opportunities for common action in the 7th Framework Programme on Research and Development. In addition, new and existing space programmes offer to a certain degree an opportunity for joint undertakings in the exploration of outer space.

Enhancing Trade, Travel and Security: the Visa Waiver Program should be valid for all European citizens. Parliament also regretted that most EU citizens are still subject to strict visa controls, which acts as a brake on the free movement and exchange of workers and called on the US to show more flexibility in this regard, particularly for European citizens who travel regularly to the US on business.

Promoting Energy Efficiency: Parliament regretted that only the EU is taking the lead on international climate policy, that the US is the world's largest emitter of greenhouse gases and that there is accordingly still a need to urge it, at all policy levels, to assume its responsibilities in terms of climate change. It also regretted that the US Administration remains so reluctant to enter into any meaningful international partnership on climate change, but noted that it has taken a modest step forward, inasmuch as it is now willing, as agreed at the December 2005 Montreal Conference of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, to engage in a thorough forward-looking dialogue. Parliament welcomed the fact that an emerging coalition of interests in the US, including Members of Congress from both Houses and both parties, State legislators, local authorities, NGOs and representatives of the business community, is pushing for a more ambitious agenda to tackle greenhouse gas emissions. Parliament set out the common challenges and suggested actions, such as devising a common strategy addressing the high dependence on fossil energy sources.

It underlined the need for enhanced EU-US scientific cooperation on biofuels and recommended that the initiative for a joint EU-US biofuels work programme that focuses specifically on second generation bioethanol and biodiesel be implemented as soon as possible.

WTO Dispute Settlement EU/US: the report urged the Commission to adopt a three-point strategy for reducing the number of disputes between the largest world trading powers: (1) a formal commitment at the highest level to respect agreed multilateral trade rules and to implement WTO panel decisions swiftly and fully; (2) enhanced political commitment to exhaust all bilateral diplomatic means before resorting to the WTO dispute settlement body; (3) while it is recognised that legislators and governments have a legitimate right to protect the health and environment of their citizens, the EU and the US must ensure that their regulations in these fields are non-discriminatory, proportionate and science-based in order to prevent protectionist abuses. Parliament went on to discuss some of the outstanding trade disputes between the EU and US.

Transatlantic dialogues: Parliament wanted to strengthen the parliamentary dimension of EU-US summits by involving legislators from both sides. For this purpose, they called for "a meeting prior to every summit between the TLD [Transatlantic Legislative Dialogue] and the Senior-Level Group to exchange views on the progress of the Work Programme", and recommended that at least the President of the European Parliament and US Congress leadership participate in the next EU-US Summit.

Finally, it should be noted that this report is closely linked with a related report by Elmar BROK (EPP-ED, D) on the transatlantic partnership. (Please see INI/2005/2056.)

Documents
2006/06/01
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2006/05/31
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2006/04/20
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2006/04/20
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Documents
2006/04/18
   EP - Vote in committee
Details

The committee adopted the own-initiative report by Erika MANN (PES, DE) on EU-US transatlantic economic relations. The report pointed out that economic ties between the EU and the US "are an important stabilising factor for the transatlantic relationship in general and have grown so significantly over the last decades that both partners have an increasing stake in each other's economic development". As an illustration of this mutual dependence, the report noted that "close to 7 million jobs on either side are already provided by the transatlantic economy".

Ten years after the signing of the New Transatlantic Agenda (1995), MEPs called for EU-US relations to move in the direction of a new transatlantic partnership to be concluded in 2007. The economic dimension of this partnership would be based on three key pillars: cooperation on regulatory issues, a set of operational cooperation tools (including an early warning system and a third-generation agreement on the application of competition law) and sectoral economic cooperation agreements building on the Joint EU-US Work Programme. The partnership agreement should provide for the removal of non-tariff barriers in key markets by 2015, through gradual regulatory alignment and mutual recognition of rules and standards. The committee insisted, however, that the concept of a "barrier-free transatlantic marketplace" should not lead to downward harmonisation in transatlantic regulatory cooperation that would erode consumer confidence with regard to health and safety. It called for the Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue and the Transatlantic Environmental Dialogue to be revitalised to develop best practices in these areas.

For financial services and capital markets, the committee wanted to see an accelerated target date of 2010 for a barrier-free market. With regard to WTO dispute settlement between the EU and the US, the report urged the Commission to adopt a three-point strategy for reducing the number of disputes between the largest world trading powers: (1) a formal commitment at the highest level to respect agreed multilateral trade rules and to implement WTO panel decisions swiftly and fully; (2) enhanced political commitment to exhaust all bilateral diplomatic means before resorting to the WTO dispute settlement body; (3) while it is recognised that legislators and governments have a legitimate right to protect the health and environment of their citizens, the EU and the US must ensure that their regulations in these fields are non-discriminatory, proportionate and science-based in order to prevent protectionist abuses.

Lastly, MEPs wanted to strengthen the parliamentary dimension of EU-US summits by involving legislators from both sides. For this purpose, they called for "a meeting prior to every summit between the TLD [Transatlantic Legislative Dialogue] and the Senior-Level Group to exchange views on the progress of the Work Programme", and recommended that "at least the President of the European Parliament and US Congress leadership participate in the next EU-US Summit.

2006/03/24
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2006/03/07
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2006/02/21
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2006/02/21
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2006/02/01
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2006/01/31
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2006/01/26
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2005/07/14
   EP - EK Lena (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2005/07/11
   EP - NEWTON DUNN Bill (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2005/07/04
   EP - HÖKMARK Gunnar (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2005/07/01
   EP - JAŁOWIECKI Stanisław (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in TRAN
2005/06/16
   EP - DESCAMPS Marie-Hélène (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in CULT
2005/06/13
   EP - MANN Erika (PSE) appointed as rapporteur in INTA
2005/06/09
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament

Documents

Activities

Votes

Rapport Mann A6-0131/2006 - am. 27 #

2006/06/01 Outcome: -: 520, +: 80, 0: 9
CY LU FI DK LV MT SE SI EE AT CZ SK BE LT IE EL NL PT HU ES IT PL DE FR GB
Total
5
5
6
11
7
5
17
6
6
15
16
11
18
12
12
21
26
19
19
43
60
49
84
67
69
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
34

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

France GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
36

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
20

Denmark IND/DEM

1

Sweden IND/DEM

Abstain (1)

1

Ireland IND/DEM

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1

Greece IND/DEM

1

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2
icon: NI NI
27

Austria NI

1

Slovakia NI

Abstain (2)

2

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Abstain (1)

4
icon: UEN UEN
25

Denmark UEN

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1

Lithuania UEN

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
73

Cyprus ALDE

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1

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1

Finland ALDE

2
3

Sweden ALDE

3

Slovenia ALDE

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1

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2

Austria ALDE

1

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1

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2
2
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170

Luxembourg PSE

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1

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1
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
224

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2

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3

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3

Malta PPE-DE

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2

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4

Estonia PPE-DE

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1

Lithuania PPE-DE

2

Rapport Mann A6-0131/2006 - am. 28 #

2006/06/01 Outcome: -: 509, +: 89, 0: 13
CY FI LU DK LV MT SI EE CZ AT SE SK LT IE BE NL EL PT HU PL ES IT FR DE GB
Total
5
6
6
11
7
5
6
6
15
16
17
12
11
12
19
26
20
18
21
46
45
58
68
86
69
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
38

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
32

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

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1

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

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2

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2

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For (1)

1

Spain GUE/NGL

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1

France GUE/NGL

3

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1
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
21

Denmark IND/DEM

1

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1

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1

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2

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
27

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2

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2

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1

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4
icon: UEN UEN
24

Denmark UEN

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1

Lithuania UEN

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
73

Cyprus ALDE

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1

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2

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1
3

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1

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2

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1

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3

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1

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2
2
icon: PSE PSE
169

Luxembourg PSE

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1

Slovenia PSE

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1

Czechia PSE

2

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3

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1
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
227

Cyprus PPE-DE

2

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3

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3

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3

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2

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4

Estonia PPE-DE

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1

Lithuania PPE-DE

2

Rapport Mann A6-0131/2006 - am. 29 #

2006/06/01 Outcome: -: 524, +: 85, 0: 13
CY DK FI LV LU MT AT SI EE CZ SE SK IE LT EL BE NL PT HU ES PL IT FR DE GB
Total
5
11
7
7
5
5
16
6
6
16
17
12
11
12
21
21
26
18
21
44
48
60
69
89
69
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
38

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
33

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

France GUE/NGL

2

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1
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
21

Denmark IND/DEM

1

Sweden IND/DEM

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1

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1

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1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

France IND/DEM

1
icon: NI NI
31

Austria NI

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2

Slovakia NI

Abstain (2)

2

Belgium NI

3

United Kingdom NI

Abstain (1)

4
icon: UEN UEN
25

Denmark UEN

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1

Lithuania UEN

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
74

Cyprus ALDE

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1

Denmark ALDE

Abstain (1)

3

Finland ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

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1

Austria ALDE

1

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1

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2

Sweden ALDE

3

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Against (1)

1

Hungary ALDE

2
2
icon: PSE PSE
171

Luxembourg PSE

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1

Slovenia PSE

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1

Czechia PSE

2

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3

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1

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2
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
229

Cyprus PPE-DE

2

Latvia PPE-DE

3

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3

Malta PPE-DE

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2

Slovenia PPE-DE

4

Estonia PPE-DE

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1
4

Lithuania PPE-DE

2

Rapport Mann A6-0131/2006 - am. 30 #

2006/06/01 Outcome: -: 475, +: 130, 0: 8
FR CY DK SE BE EL SI LU FI LV MT AT EE CZ NL SK PT IE LT HU ES IT PL DE GB
Total
67
5
11
17
20
20
6
6
7
7
5
16
6
16
25
12
17
11
12
21
45
59
48
85
69
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
38

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Italy Verts/ALE

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
34

France GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Greece GUE/NGL

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
21

France IND/DEM

1

Denmark IND/DEM

1

Sweden IND/DEM

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1

Greece IND/DEM

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Ireland IND/DEM

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1
icon: NI NI
31

Belgium NI

3

Austria NI

Against (1)

2

Slovakia NI

Abstain (2)

2

United Kingdom NI

Abstain (1)

4
icon: UEN UEN
25

Denmark UEN

Against (1)

1

Lithuania UEN

2
icon: PSE PSE
166

Slovenia PSE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PSE

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1

Czechia PSE

2

Slovakia PSE

3

Ireland PSE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania PSE

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
73

Cyprus ALDE

Against (1)

1
3

Sweden ALDE

3

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Finland ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

Against (2)

2

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Hungary ALDE

2
2
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
225

Cyprus PPE-DE

2

Belgium PPE-DE

Abstain (1)

5

Slovenia PPE-DE

4

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Latvia PPE-DE

3

Malta PPE-DE

Against (2)

2

Estonia PPE-DE

Against (1)

1

Ireland PPE-DE

4

Lithuania PPE-DE

2

Rapport Mann A6-0131/2006 - par. 7/1 #

2006/06/01 Outcome: +: 511, -: 89, 0: 18
DE FR PL IT GB ES HU PT BE EL NL SE LT SK AT DK EE CZ SI FI MT LV IE LU CY
Total
89
70
48
60
68
44
20
19
21
21
25
17
12
12
16
11
6
16
5
7
5
7
11
4
4
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
226
2

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Slovenia PPE-DE

3

Malta PPE-DE

2

Luxembourg PPE-DE

2

Cyprus PPE-DE

2
icon: PSE PSE
170

Lithuania PSE

2

Czechia PSE

2

Slovenia PSE

For (1)

1

Ireland PSE

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
73
2

Sweden ALDE

3

Austria ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

1

Finland ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: UEN UEN
25

Lithuania UEN

Against (1)

2

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
30

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

4

Belgium NI

3

Slovakia NI

Abstain (2)

2

Austria NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
21

France IND/DEM

Against (1)

1

Greece IND/DEM

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Sweden IND/DEM

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1

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1

Ireland IND/DEM

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
34

France GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Spain GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
39

Italy Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

For (1)

4

Belgium Verts/ALE

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1

Sweden Verts/ALE

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1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

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1

Latvia Verts/ALE

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1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

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1

Rapport Mann A6-0131/2006 - par. 7/2 #

2006/06/01 Outcome: +: 322, -: 291, 0: 9
EL IT IE PL DE GB LT HU FI SI SK CZ ES NL CY LU EE SE BE MT LV DK AT PT FR
Total
21
61
12
49
88
67
12
21
7
6
12
16
45
26
5
5
6
17
21
5
7
10
16
19
68
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
229
2

Cyprus PPE-DE

2

Luxembourg PPE-DE

2

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE-DE

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
70

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1
2

Finland ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

1

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Sweden ALDE

3

Denmark ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

1
icon: NI NI
31

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

4

Slovakia NI

Abstain (2)

2

Belgium NI

3

Austria NI

2
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
20

Greece IND/DEM

1

Ireland IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Sweden IND/DEM

Against (1)

1

Denmark IND/DEM

Against (1)

1

France IND/DEM

Against (1)

1
icon: UEN UEN
25

Lithuania UEN

Against (1)

2

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
34

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Spain GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

France GUE/NGL

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
39

Italy Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2
icon: PSE PSE
174

Ireland PSE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania PSE

Against (1)

2

Slovenia PSE

Against (1)

1

Slovakia PSE

3

Czechia PSE

2

Luxembourg PSE

Against (1)

1

Rapport Mann A6-0131/2006 - par. 7/3 #

2006/06/01 Outcome: +: 313, -: 289, 0: 15
EL IE DE GB LT HU IT FI SI SK PL CZ LU NL DK CY EE SE BE MT LV ES AT PT FR
Total
21
12
85
68
12
20
59
7
6
12
49
15
6
26
11
4
6
17
21
5
7
43
17
20
68
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
224
2

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Cyprus PPE-DE

1