BETA


2007/0019(COD) Specification of petrol, diesel and gas-oil: mechanism to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fuels. "Fuel Quality Directive"

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ENVI CORBEY Dorette (icon: PSE PSE)
Committee Opinion ECON
Committee Opinion ITRE
Committee Opinion IMCO
Committee Opinion TRAN
Committee Opinion AGRI DAUL Joseph (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
EC Treaty (after Amsterdam) EC 095, EC Treaty (after Amsterdam) EC 175-p1

Events

2011/05/09
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2010/12/22
   EC - Follow-up document
Details

The Commission presents a report on indirect land-use change related to biofuels and bioliquids. It recalls that Directive 2009/28/EC (the "Renewable Energy Directive") and Directive 2009/30/EC ("the Fuel Quality Directive") require the Commission to review the impact of indirect land-use change on greenhouse gas emissions and address ways to minimise that impact. Although land-use change can have a wide range of positive and negative impacts (i.e. greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, social issues, etc), this report focuses on the consequences for the greenhouse gas emissions of biofuels, as required by the Directives.

The basic driver for indirect land-use change is the increased demand for agricultural crops in a situation where both suitable agricultural land availability and potential yield increases are limited. Some other key factors, such as achieving maximum profit from the production and complying with related legislation in place, are also likely to play a role in determining how the increased demand is to be realised.

The limited availability of low-carbon stock land in other parts of the world and the lack of more stringent protection of forests and carbon rich areas are factors that can contribute to damaging indirect land-use change. If conversion of carbon rich areas were to be limited or if more agriculture commodities were subject to sustainability criteria comparable to those laid down for biofuels, indirect land-use change could be limited. The reason for this is that the indirect land-use change effect of biofuels is the direct land-use change of another commodity.

Estimating the greenhouse gas impact due to indirect land-use change : this requires projecting impacts into the future, which is inherently uncertain, since future developments will not necessarily follow trends of the past. Moreover, the estimated land-use change can never be validated, as indirect land-use change is a ph enomenon that is impossible to observe directly or measure. Therefore modelling is necessary to estimate indirect land-use change. The Commission describes in the report the analytical exercises and review of existing literature on the subject of indirect land-use change which it carried out during 2009 and 2010. It sets out the results of various consultation exercises with the wider community, and considers, in particular two reports involved separate modelling exercises. The first was carried out by IPTS, used the AGLINK-COSIMO model . This modelling assumed that the 10% renewable energy in transport target would be met using 7% conventional biofuels and 1.5% advanced biofuels that would be double counted. Although this model considered the impacts from the additional demand of conventional biofuels needed to meet the target, it did not consider any impacts resulting from additional demand for either advanced biofuels or bioliquids. The bioethanol-biodiesel shares considered were identical to the shares of petrol and diesel, i.e. approximately 35% and 65%, so that the share of biofuel in petrol and diesel were each respectively approximately 8.5%. The final conclusion of the modelling was that the additional demand resulting from the policy compared to a counterfactual 2020 scenario, equalled to 21 Mtoe, which would result in an increase of the total land area required for crops of 5.2 million hectares globally, one quarter of which is in the EU. This modelling did not provide a calculation of the greenhouse gas impacts of this land conversion.

The second modelling exercise was carried out using the MIRAGE model by the IFPRI. This modelling was based on the assumption that the 10% renewable energy in transport target would be met using 5.6% conventional biofuels with the remainder met in other ways, including a contribution of 1.5% from advanced biofuels, under current trade policy and assuming full trade liberalisation. Additional demand for advanced biofuels and bioliquids was not modelled The conclusion of the modelling was that the additional demand resulting from the policy compared to a counterfactual 2020 scenario, equalled to 8 Mtoe, which would result in an increase of total land area required for crops of 0.8 and 1 million hectares globally, under the business as usual and free trade scenarios, respectively. Converted into greenhouse gas emissions this compares to 18 grams of CO2-eq. per MJ of energy (subsequently written as g/MJ). The bioethanol-biodiesel shares were set as 45% and 55% respectively. The overall land requirements increased to 2.8 million hectares globally in the scenario using 8.6% conventional biofuels, resulting into average emissions of 30g/MJ.

The split between bioethanol and biodiesel turned out to be of great importance for the (indirect) land-use change impact estimated using the IFPRI MIRAGE model . In a further IFPRI MIRAGE model run using the 5.6% scenario, and a 25% bioethanol/75% biodiesel split gave average (indirect) land-use change emissions of around 45 g/MJ.

The report notes that model results vary considerably across feedstocks and trade assumptions. It describes a number of key factors not considered in the models . Notwithstanding these conceptual limitations, it can be argued that the best available methodology to estimate (indirect) land-use change is still through economic models where decisions are made based on relative prices. However, within this framework of economic modelling, there will always be a range of unsolved issues, which influence the results considerably.

The report goes on to discuss developments in international regulatory actions to address (indirect) land-use change . It also presents a summary of the consultation responses.

Preliminary conclusions and next steps : renewable energy, including biofuels, is an essential element of the EU´s energy and climate strategy. In this context the stable and predictable investment climate created by the Renewable Energy Directive, which already contains strict sustainability criteria for biofuels and bioliquids, including on their green house gas performance, needs to be preserved, as well as respect for the Fuel Quality Directive’s ambitious reduction target in the greenhouse gas intensity of fuels used in transport.

As far as indirect land-use change is concerned, based on the work carried out to date, the Commission believes it is possible to draw a number of conclusions. It recognises that a number of deficiencies and uncertainties associated with the modelling, which is required to estimate the impacts, remain to be addressed, which could significantly impact on the results of the analytical work carried out to date. Therefore, the Commission will continue to conduct work in this area in order to ensure that policy decisions are based on the best available science and to meet its future reporting obligations on this matter.

However, the Commission acknowledges that indirect land-use change can have an impact on greenhouse gas emissions savings associated with biofuels, which could reduce their contribution to the policy goals, under certain circumstances in the absence of intervention. As such, the Commission considers that, if action is required, indirect land-use change should be addressed under a precautionary approach.

The Commission is finalising its impact assessment, which would focus on the assessment of the following policy options:

· take no action for the time being, while continuing to monitor;

· increase the minimum greenhouse gas saving threshold for biofuels;

· introduce additional sustainability requirements on certain categories of biofuels;

· attribute a quantity of greenhouse gas emissions to biofuels reflecting the estimated indirect land-use impact.

The Commission will present the Impact Assessment, if appropriate together with a legislative proposal for amending the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive as necessary no later than by July 2011.

2009/06/05
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to introduce stricter transport fuel standards.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Directive 2009/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 98/70/EC as regards the specification of petrol, diesel and gas-oil and introducing a mechanism to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and amending Council Directive 1999/32/EC as regards the specification of fuel used by inland waterway vessels and repealing Directive 93/12/EEC.

CONTENT: following a first reading agreement with the European Parliament, the Council adopted this Directive which will improve air quality and reduce greenhouse gas emissions through environmental standards for fuel. It will also facilitate the more widespread blending of biofuels into petrol and diesel and, to avoid negative consequences, set ambitious sustainability criteria for biofuels.

It should be noted that this Directive forms part of the climate-energy legislative package containing measures aimed at fighting climate change and promoting renewable energy. (See also COD/2008/0013 , COD/2008/0014 , COD/2008/0015 and COD/2008/0016 and COD/2007/0297 ). The package is designed to achieve the EU's overall environmental target of a 20 % reduction in greenhouse gases and a 20 % share of renewable energy in the EU's total energy consumption by 2020.

Scope: the Directive sets, in respect of road vehicles, and non-road mobile machinery (including inland waterway vessels when not at sea), agricultural and forestry tractors, and recreational craft when not at sea:

a) technical specifications on health and environmental grounds for fuels to be used with positive ignition and compression-ignition engines, taking account of the technical requirements of those engines; and

b) a target for the reduction of life cycle greenhouse gas emissions.

The revised directive introduces for the first time a reduction target for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from fuels. Member States shall require suppliers to reduce as gradually as possible life cycle greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy from fuel and energy supplied by up to 10 % by 31 December 2020 . This reduction shall consist of:

a) 6 % by 31 December 2020 . Member States may require suppliers, for this reduction, to comply with the following intermediate targets: 2 % by 31 December 2014 and 4 % by 31 December 2017;

b) an indicative additional target of 2 % by 31 December 2020 , to be achieved through certain methods, such as the use of any technology such as carbon capture and storage;

c) an indicative additional target of 2 % by 31 December 2020 to be achieved through the use of credits purchased through the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol, under the conditions set out in Directive 2003/87/EC.

To enable these GHG emissions cuts, petrol may have a higher biofuel content. From 2011, petrol may contain up to 10% ethanol. In order to avoid damage to old cars, however, fuel with 5% ethanol (E5) will continue to be available until 2013, with the possibility for Member States of extending that period.

The Directive also lays down stringent environmental and social sustainability criteria for biofuels , which correspond to those in the Directive on the promotion of energy from renewable sources (see COD/2008/0016.)

The Directive also imposes limits on the content of sulphur and metallic additives in engine fuel. In order to minimise emissions of volatile air pollutants, the maximum vapour pressure of fuel is also prescribed.

Reporting : the Commission shall submit by 31 December 2012, and every three years thereafter, a report to the European Parliament and the Council accompanied, where appropriate, by a proposal for amendments to this Directive. At the latest in 2014, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and the Council relating to the achievement of the greenhouse gas emission target for 2020. The Commission shall, if appropriate, accompany its report by a proposal for modification of the target.

The revised environmental quality standards as well as the sustainability criteria for biofuels will apply from 2011.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 25/06/2009.

TRANSPOSITION: 31/12/2010.

2009/04/23
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2009/04/23
   CSL - Final act signed
2009/04/22
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2009/04/06
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2009/04/06
   CSL - Council Meeting
2009/01/29
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2008/12/17
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2008/12/17
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 670 votes to 20, with 25 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 98/70/EC as regards the specification of petrol, diesel and gas-oil and introducing a mechanism to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the use of road transport fuels and amending Council Directive 1999/32/EC, as regards the specification of fuel used by inland waterway vessels and repealing Directive 93/12/EEC.

The report had been tabled for consideration in plenary by Dorette CORBEY (PES, NL), on behalf of the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety.

The amendments – adopted in the first reading of the codecision procedure – are the result of a compromise between Parliament and Council. The main elements of the compromise are as follows:

Scope : the Directive sets, in respect of road vehicles, and non road mobile machinery (including inland waterway vessels when not at sea), agricultural and forestry tractors, and recreational craft when not at sea:

technical specifications on health and environmental grounds for fuels to be used with positive ignition and compression-ignition engines, taking account of the technical requirements of those engines; a target for the reduction of life cycle greenhouse gas emissions.

Petrol : suppliers must ensure the placing on the market of petrol with a maximum oxygen content of 2.7% and a maximum ethanol content of 5% . Consumers shall be provided with appropriate information concerning the biofuel content of petrol and, in particular, on the appropriate use of different blends of petrol.

Member States with low ambient summer temperatures may permit the placing on the market, during the summer period, of petrol with a maximum vapour pressure of 70 kPa. Member States where this derogation is not applied may permit the placing on the market, during the summer period, of petrol containing ethanol with a maximum vapour pressure of 60 kPa.

Where Member States wish to apply either of the derogations, they shall notify the Commission. The Commission shall assess the desirability and duration of the derogation, taking account of: (a) the avoidance of socioeconomic problems resulting from higher vapour pressure, including time-limited technical adaptation needs; (b) the environmental or health consequences of the higher vapour pressure and, in particular, the impact on compliance with Community legislation on air quality. If the Commission's assessment shows that the derogation will result in a lack of compliance with Community legislation on air quality or air pollution, including the relevant limit values and emissions ceilings, the application shall be rejected.

Diesel fuel : Member States may permit the placing on the market of diesel with a fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) content greater than 7%. They shall ensure the provision of appropriate information to consumers concerning the biofuel content of diesel fuel, in particular FAME.

No later than from 1 January 2008, gas oils intended for use by non-road mobile machinery (including inland waterway vessels), agricultural and forestry tractors and recreational craft may be marketed within a Member State’s territory only if the sulphur content of those gas oils does not exceed 1000 mg/kg . From 1 January 2011, the maximum permissible sulphur content of those gas oils shall be 10 mg/kg . Liquid fuels other than those gas oils may be used in inland waterway vessels and recreational craft only if the sulphur content of those liquid fuels does not exceed the maximum permissible content of those gas oils.

In order to accommodate minor contamination in the supply chain, Member States may, from 1 January 2011, permit gas oil intended for use by non-road mobile machinery (including inland waterway vessels), agricultural and forestry tractors and recreational craft to contain up to 20 mg/kg of sulphur at the point of final distribution to end users. Member States may also permit the continued placing on the market until 31 December 2011 of gas oil containing up to 1000 mg/kg sulphur for rail vehicles and agricultural and forestry tractors, provided that they can ensure that the proper functioning of emissions control systems will not be compromised.

Member States may, for the outermost regions, make specific provision for the introduction of diesel fuel and gas oils with a maximum sulphur content of 10 mg/kg. Lastly, for Member States with severe winter weather, the maximum distillation point of 65% at 250 ºC for diesel fuels and gas oils may be replaced by a maximum distillation point of 10% (vol/vol) at 180 ºC.

Greenhouse gas emission reductions : Member States shall require suppliers to reduce as gradually as possible life cycle greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy from fuel and energy supplied by up to 10% by 31 December 2020 , compared with the fuel baseline standard referred to in the Directive. This reduction shall consist of:

6% by 31 December 2020 . Member States may require suppliers, for this reduction, to comply with the following intermediate targets: 2% by 31 December 2014 and 4% by 31 December 2017; an indicative additional target of 2% by 31 December 2020 , to be achieved through one or both of the following methods: (i) the supply of energy for transport, supplied for use in any type of road vehicle, non-road mobile machinery (including inland waterway vessels), agricultural or forestry tractor or recreational craft; (ii) the use of any technology (including carbon capture and storage) capable of reducing life cycle greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy from fuel or energy supplied; an indicative additional target of 2% by 31 December 2020 , to be achieved through the use of credits purchased through the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol, under the conditions set out in Directive 2003/87/EC.

With effect from 1 January 2011, suppliers shall report annually on the greenhouse gas intensity of fuels and energy supplied within each Member State to the authority designated by the Member State by providing, as a minimum, the following information: (a) the total volume of each type of fuel or energy supplied, indicating where purchased and its origin; (b) life cycle greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy.

Measures necessary for the implementation of these provisions shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny (comitology).

Sustainability criteria for biofuels : the compromise ensures that only biofuels that fulfil the sustainability criteria will be used. With effect from 2017, the greenhouse gas emission saving from the use of biofuels shall be 50%. After 2017 it shall be 60% for biofuels produced in installations whose production has started from 2017 onwards.

Biofuels taken into account shall not be made from:

raw material obtained from land with high biodiversity value: (i) primary forest and other wooded land, where there are no clearly visible indications of human activities and the ecological processes are not significantly disturbed; (ii) areas designated for nature protection purposes or areas for the protection of rare, threatened or endangered ecosystems or species recognised by international agreements; (iii) highly biodiverse natural or non-natural grassland; raw material obtained from land with high carbon stock: (i) wetlands; (ii) continuously forested areas; (iii) land spanning more than 1 hectare with trees higher than 5 metres and a canopy cover of between 10% and 30%; raw material obtained from land that was peatland in January 2008, unless it is proven that the cultivation and harvesting of this raw material does not involve drainage of previously undrained soil.

The Commission shall report every two years to the European Parliament and the Council on the impact on social sustainability in the Community and in third countries of increased demand for biofuel, and on the impact of EU biofuel policy on the availability of foodstuffs at affordable prices, in particular for people living in developing countries, and wider development issues.

Verification of compliance with the sustainability criteria for biofuels : where biofuels are to be taken into account for the purposes of greenhouse gas emission reductions, Member States shall require economic operators to show that the sustainability criteria have been fulfilled. For this purpose they shall require economic operators to use a mass balance system. The Commission shall report to the European Parliament and the Council in 2010 and 2012 on the operation of the mass balance verification method and on the potential to allow for other verification methods in relation to some or all types of raw material or biofuels.

The Community shall endeavour to conclude bilateral or multilateral agreements with third countries containing provisions on sustainability criteria that correspond to those of this directive.

At the latest in 2012, the Commission shall report on: (a) the effectiveness of the system in place for the provision of information on sustainability criteria; and (b) whether it is feasible and appropriate to introduce mandatory requirements in relation to air, soil or water protection, taking into account the latest scientific evidence and the Community's international obligations.

Calculation of greenhouse gas emissions from biofuels : Annex IV lays down the rules for the calculation of life cycle greenhouse gas emissions from biofuels: it focuses on: (a) typical and default values for biofuels if produced with no net carbon emissions from land use change; (b) estimated typical and default values for future biofuels that are not or in negligible quantities on the market in January 2008, if produced with no net carbon emissions from land use change; (c) the methodology for the calculation of emissions; (d) disaggregated default values for biofuels; (e) estimated disaggregated values for future biofuels that are not or in negligible quantities on the market in January 2008.

Regarding the default values and methodology laid down in Annex IV, particular consideration shall be paid to: (i) the method of accounting for wastes and residues; (ii) the method of accounting for co products; (iii) the method of accounting for co generation; (iv) the status given to agricultural crop residues as co-products.

The Commission shall, by 31 December 2010, submit a report to the European Parliament and to the Council reviewing the impact of indirect land use change on greenhouse gas emissions and addressing ways to minimise this impact. This report shall where appropriate be accompanied, in particular by a proposal, based on the best available scientific evidence, containing a concrete methodology for emissions from carbon stock changes caused by indirect land use changes. The proposal shall include the necessary safeguards to provide certainty for investment, undertaken before this methodology is applied. The European Parliament and the Council shall endeavour to decide in 2012 at the latest on any such proposals submitted by the Commission.

Metallic additives in fuel : the Commission shall conduct an assessment of the risks for health and the environment from the use of metallic additives in fuel and, for this purpose, develop a test methodology. It shall report its conclusions to the European Parliament and to the Council by 31 December 2012.

Pending the development of the test methodology, the presence of the metallic additive methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT) in fuel shall be limited to 6 mg Mn per litre from 1 January 2011. The limit shall be 2 mg from 1 January 2014. The limit for the MMT content of fuel shall be revised on the basis of the results of the assessment carried out using the test. It may be reduced to zero if the risk assessment justifies this.

A label containing the text “Contains metallic additives” shall be displayed, in a clearly visible position, at any point where a fuel with metallic additives is made available to consumers.

Reporting : the Commission shall submit by 31 December 2012, and every three years thereafter, a report to the European Parliament and the Council accompanied, where appropriate, by a proposal for amendments to this Directive. That report shall in particular take account of the following:

the use and evolution of automotive technology and, in particular, the feasibility of increasing the maximum permitted biofuel content of petrol and diesel; Community policy on CO2 emissions from road transport vehicles; the possibility of applying the requirements of Annex II (environmental specifications for market fuels to be used for vehicles equipped with compression ignition engines), and in particular the limit value for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, to non-road mobile machinery (including inland waterways vessels), agricultural and forestry tractors and recreational craft; the increase of the use of detergents in fuels; the use of metallic additives other than MMT in fuels; the total volume of components used in petrol and diesel; the consequences of the greenhouse gas reduction target for the emissions trading scheme; the potential need for adjustments to the Directive in order to assess possible contributions for reaching a greenhouse gas reduction target of up to 10% by 2020; the possibility of introducing additional measures for suppliers to reduce by 2% life cycle greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy, through the use of credits purchased through the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol under the conditions set out in Directive 2003/87/EC establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community, in order to assess further possible contributions for reaching a greenhouse gas reduction target of up to 10 % by 2020; an updated cost-benefit and impact analysis of a reduction in the maximum permitted vapour pressure for petrol for the summer period below 60 kPa.

At the latest in 2014, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and the Council relating to the achievement of the greenhouse gas emission target for 2020. The Commission shall, if appropriate, accompany its report by a proposal for modification of the target.

Documents
2008/12/16
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2007/12/20
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2007/12/20
   CSL - Council Meeting
2007/12/06
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2007/12/06
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Documents
2007/11/27
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the report by Dorette CORBEY (PES, NL) amending, under the 1st reading of the codecision procedure, the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 98/70/EC as regards the specification of petrol, diesel and gas-oil and introducing a mechanism to monitor and the introduction of a mechanism to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the use of road transport fuels and amending Council Directive 1999/32/EC, as regards the specification of fuel used by inland waterway vessels and repealing Directive 93/12/EEC.

Amendments made by the committee are as follows:

Scope : the scope of the Directive has been extended to state that the Directive sets technical specifications on health and environmental grounds for fuels to be used for vehicles equipped with positive-ignition and compression-ignition engines and other vehicle engine technologies.

Petrol : Member States shall also ensure that by 1 January 2012 at the latest unleaded petrol with a bioethanol content of at least 70% by volume complies with the environmental specifications laid down in Annex VIa. Moreover, fuel meeting the specification set out in Annex III shall not require specific labelling in respect of the level of ethanol or ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE) it contains.

Diesel : b y 31 December 2009 at the latest, the maximum permissible sulphur content of gas oils intended for use by nonroad mobile machinery and agricultural and forestry tractors, including inland waterway vessels, shall be 10 mg/kg. This does not preclude further requirements for reductions of vessel engine emissions. Member States shall also ensure that, by 31 December 2009 at the latest, gas oils intended for use by non-road mobile machinery and inland waterway vessels are aligned with on-road diesel fuel quality as specified under Annex IV.

Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions : the committee proposes that from 1 January 2010 (and not 2009), Member States shall require suppliers of fuels for road transport and non-road mobile machinery that are placed on the market, to monitor and report the life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions from those fuels. Moreover, from 1 January 2012, Member States shall require suppliers of fuels for road transport and non-road mobile machinery that are placed on the market, to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gas emissions from those fuels per unit of energy. The emission reduction compared to the base year shall equal at least an additional 2% of the emissions in 2010 per two years for every two calendar years up to and including 2020. The level of life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy reported in 2020 shall be no greater than 90% of the level reported in 2010

Sustainability criteria for biofuels and biomass : amendments have been introduced guaranteeing that only those biofuels and non-fossil feedstocks that meet the criteria for sustainability of production and can prove greenhouse gas performance on a life-cycle basis shall be counted as contributing to the objective of the Directive.

Use of the metallic additive (MMT) in fuel : MEPs call for the use of the metallic additive MMT in fuel to be prohibited from 1 January 2010 onwards. The Commission shall develop a suitable test methodology concerning the use of metallic additives in fuel other than MMT.

Air quality : it is desirable to reduce emissions of damaging Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PACs) to the absolute minimum. The committee wishes to reduce the maximum permitted PAC content from 10% to 6% rather than to 8% as proposed by the Commission. In Annex V, MEPs also stated that for Member States with low summer temperature conditions the maximum vapour pressure shall not exceed 66.0 kPa. Vapour pressure for the summer period shall not exceed 56 kPa (as opposed to 60 kPa proposed by the Commission).

Annexes : MEPs introduced two new annexes: i) annex VI a on the method for measuring lifecycle greenhouse gas emission from all fuels and ii) annex VI b on the sustainability criteria for biofules and biomass (biodiversity and social sustainability criteria).

Report : the Commission is invited to submit by 31 June 2008 a report to the European Parliament and the Council on the basis of the guidelines as outlined in Annex VIa in which it clarifies: a) the methodology for monitoring and reporting life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions from road fuels; b) the relationship of any reduction mechanism with the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and Member States' commitments under the Kyoto Protocol; c) the definition of the base year.

2007/11/13
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2007/10/30
   CSL - Debate in Council
Details

Following a Commission presentation on the proposed Directive to reduce air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions from fuel use in transport and increasing the use of biofuels, the Council held a major policy debate on the way forward.

The debate sought to enable Ministers to express their views on the key elements of the proposal. It focused, in particular, on:

reducing greenhouse gas emissions from fuels and setting a target figure for the reduction of such emissions, and provisions relating to inserting such a target in the fuel-quality Directive.

Delegations largely supported the setting of a target for reducing the greenhouse gas emissions from fuels, subject to certain conditions. The conditions include, in particular, the need to establish sustainability criteria for biofuels, whilst at the same time recognising the need to set targets that are both realistic and viable.

Documents
2007/10/30
   CSL - Council Meeting
2007/10/24
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2007/10/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2007/09/13
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2007/07/19
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2007/06/28
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2007/06/28
   CSL - Council Meeting
2007/05/08
   EP - DAUL Joseph (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2007/03/13
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2007/03/08
   EP - CORBEY Dorette (PSE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2007/01/31
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2007/01/31
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2007/01/31
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to introduce stricter transport fuel standards.

PROPOSED ACT: Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council.

BACKGROUND: Directive 98/70/EC establishes minimum specifications for petrol and diesel fuels for use in road and non-road mobile applications and was modified in 2003 in order to adjust sulphur limits for petrol and diesel. (See COD/1996/0163 and COD/2001/0170 ). Both Directives apply to road vehicles, inland waterway barges and non-road mobile machinery such as locomotives, earth moving machinery and tractors. The main aim of the existing Directive is to protect human health; to protect the environment; and to establish an effective framework for the smooth functioning of the single market.

CONTENT: the purpose of this proposal is to amend Directive 98/70/EC in order to :

i) take account of recent technological developments in fuel and engine technology;

ii) incorporate the growing importance of biofuels into the Directive;

iii) help meet air quality goals set out in the 2005 Thematic Strategy on air pollution; and

iv) reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

The main changes proposed to the Directive are:

- To confirm 2009 as the date by which sulphur diesel will be allowed a maximum level of 10 ppm. This will result in lower pollutant emissions, primarily particulate matter. It will also facilitate the introduction of other pollutant control equipment.

- To reduce the poly aromatic hydrocarbon content in diesel to 8% from 2009 onwards. This might result in a reduction in particulate matter and poly aromatic hydrocarbon emissions.

- To reduce the maximum sulphur content in non-road gas-oil from 1000 ppm to 10 ppm for land based uses and from 1000 ppm to 300 ppm for inland waterways. The change for land based equipment will facilitate the introduction of more advanced engines and emission control equipment as well as lowering particulate matter emissions from existing equipment. The change for inland waterways will ensure that these engines operate at approved levels of pollutant emissions.

- To allow for a higher volume of biofuels to be used in petrol. A separate petrol blend will be established with higher permitted oxygenate content (including up to 10% ethanol). The vapour pressure limit is increased for petrol blended with ethanol.

- To clearly label all blends available on the market.

- To introduce controls on higher emissions of volatile organic compounds by collecting emissions in petrol stations for all fuels. (The Commission will bring forward a proposal for the mandatory introduction of “filling station vapour recovery” in 2007).

- To introduce mandatory monitoring of lifecycle greenhouse gases from 2009.

- To reduce emissions by 1% a year as from 2011. This will ensure that the fuel sector contributes to the Community’s longer term greenhouse gas reduction goals as well as parallel initiatives to improve vehicle efficiency.

- To clarify exemptions to the vapour pressure limit for arctic or severe weather in order to avoid misinterpretation and increase legal certainty and to introduce a new review clause.

Lastly, the proposed amendments seek to bring Directive 98/70/EC up to date by eliminating redundant elements.

Documents

Activities

Votes

Rapport Corbey A6-0496/2007 - résolution #

2008/12/17 Outcome: +: 670, 0: 25, -: 20
DE FR IT ES GB PL NL RO PT HU BE EL SE BG AT CZ FI LT SK IE DK LV SI CY LU MT EE
Total
94
71
65
52
72
48
26
25
23
20
21
24
17
16
18
22
14
13
13
12
12
9
7
6
6
5
4
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
261
2

Denmark PPE-DE

1

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Malta PPE-DE

2

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1
icon: PSE PSE
198

Czechia PSE

2

Lithuania PSE

2

Slovakia PSE

2

Ireland PSE

1

Slovenia PSE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PSE

For (1)

1

Estonia PSE

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
89
2

Sweden ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
40

Italy Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: UEN UEN
41

Lithuania UEN

2

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

France GUE/NGL

2

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
19

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Greece IND/DEM

1

Sweden IND/DEM

2

Ireland IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Denmark IND/DEM

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
28

Italy NI

Abstain (1)

3

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

7

Poland NI

1

Belgium NI

3

Bulgaria NI

For (1)

1

Austria NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Czechia NI

Against (1)

1

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/2/rapporteur
  • name: RANSDORF Miloslav date: 2007-04-12T00:00:00 group: European United Left/Nordic Green Left abbr: GUE/NGL
docs/0/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2007/0055/COM_SEC(2007)0055_EN.pdf
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2007/0055/COM_SEC(2007)0055_EN.pdf
docs/1/docs/0/url
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New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2007/0056/COM_SEC(2007)0056_EN.pdf
docs/2/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE392.119
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/EN&reference=PE392.119
docs/3/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE390.722&secondRef=02
docs/4/docs/0/url
Old
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New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/EN&reference=PE396.443
docs/5/docs/0/url
Old
https://dm.eesc.europa.eu/EESCDocumentSearch/Pages/redresults.aspx?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:1454)(documentyear:2007)(documentlanguage:EN)
New
https://dmsearch.eesc.europa.eu/search/public?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:1454)(documentyear:2007)(documentlanguage:EN)
docs/6/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE390.741&secondRef=02
docs/7/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2007-0496_EN.html
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2007-0496_EN.html
docs/8/docs/0/url
/oeil/spdoc.do?i=14428&j=0&l=en
events/1/type
Old
Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
New
Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
events/4/type
Old
Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
New
Vote in committee, 1st reading
events/5
date
2007-12-06T00:00:00
type
Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
body
EP
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2007-0496_EN.html title: A6-0496/2007
events/5
date
2007-12-06T00:00:00
type
Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2007-0496_EN.html title: A6-0496/2007
events/7/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20081216&type=CRE
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/EN&reference=20081216&type=CRE
events/9
date
2008-12-17T00:00:00
type
Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
body
EP
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-6-2008-0613_EN.html title: T6-0613/2008
summary
events/9
date
2008-12-17T00:00:00
type
Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-6-2008-0613_EN.html title: T6-0613/2008
summary
events/13/docs/1/url
Old
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:TOC
New
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:SOM:EN:HTML
procedure/instrument/1
Amending Directive 98/70/EC 1996/0163(COD) Amending Directive 1999/32/EC 1997/0105(SYN) See also 2014/2995(RSP)
procedure/instrument/1
Repealing Directive 93/12/EEC Amending Directive 98/70/EC 1996/0163(COD) Amending Directive 1999/32/EC 1997/0105(SYN) See also 2014/2995(RSP)
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
committee
ENVI
rapporteur
name: CORBEY Dorette date: 2007-03-08T00:00:00 group: Socialist Group in the European Parliament abbr: PSE
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
committee
ENVI
date
2007-03-08T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: CORBEY Dorette group: Socialist Group in the European Parliament abbr: PSE
committees/2
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
rapporteur
name: RANSDORF Miloslav date: 2007-04-12T00:00:00 group: European United Left/Nordic Green Left abbr: GUE/NGL
committees/2
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
date
2007-04-12T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: RANSDORF Miloslav group: European United Left/Nordic Green Left abbr: GUE/NGL
committees/5
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Agriculture and Rural Development
committee
AGRI
rapporteur
name: DAUL Joseph date: 2007-05-08T00:00:00 group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
committees/5
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Agriculture and Rural Development
committee
AGRI
date
2007-05-08T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: DAUL Joseph group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
docs/1/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2007/0056/COM_SEC(2007)0056_EN.pdf
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2007/0056/COM_SEC(2007)0056_EN.pdf
docs/7/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-496&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2007-0496_EN.html
docs/8/body
EC
docs/10/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2010/0811/COM_COM(2010)0811_EN.pdf
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2010/0811/COM_COM(2010)0811_EN.pdf
events/5/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-496&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2007-0496_EN.html
events/9/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-613
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-6-2008-0613_EN.html
docs/1/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2007/0056/COM_SEC(2007)0056_EN.pdf
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2007/0056/COM_SEC(2007)0056_EN.pdf
activities
  • date: 2007-01-31T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0018/COM_COM(2007)0018(COR1)_EN.pdf title: COM(2007)0018 type: Legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52007PC0018:EN body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/environment/ title: Environment Commissioner: DIMAS Stavros type: Legislative proposal published
  • date: 2007-03-13T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2007-05-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DAUL Joseph body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2007-03-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: PSE name: CORBEY Dorette body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-04-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: GUE/NGL name: RANSDORF Miloslav body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Transport and Tourism committee: TRAN
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2812 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2812*&MEET_DATE=28/06/2007 type: Debate in Council title: 2812 council: Environment date: 2007-06-28T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2826 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2826*&MEET_DATE=30/10/2007 type: Debate in Council title: 2826 council: Environment date: 2007-10-30T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2007-11-27T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2007-05-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DAUL Joseph body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2007-03-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: PSE name: CORBEY Dorette body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-04-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: GUE/NGL name: RANSDORF Miloslav body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Transport and Tourism committee: TRAN type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2007-12-06T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-496&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A6-0496/2007 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2007-05-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DAUL Joseph body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2007-03-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: PSE name: CORBEY Dorette body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-04-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: GUE/NGL name: RANSDORF Miloslav body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Transport and Tourism committee: TRAN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2842 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2842*&MEET_DATE=20/12/2007 type: Debate in Council title: 2842 council: Environment date: 2007-12-20T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2008-12-16T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20081216&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2008-12-17T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=14428&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-613 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0613/2008 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2009-04-06T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) meeting_id: 2936
  • date: 2009-04-06T00:00:00 body: EP/CSL type: Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
  • date: 2009-04-22T00:00:00 body: EP type: End of procedure in Parliament
  • date: 2009-04-23T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Final act signed
  • date: 2009-06-05T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32009L0030 title: Directive 2009/30 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:TOC title: OJ L 140 05.06.2009, p. 0088
commission
  • body: EC dg: Environment commissioner: DIMAS Stavros
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
committee
ENVI
date
2007-03-08T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: CORBEY Dorette group: Socialist Group in the European Parliament abbr: PSE
committees/0
body
EP
responsible
False
committee
AGRI
date
2007-05-08T00:00:00
committee_full
Agriculture and Rural Development
rapporteur
group: PPE-DE name: DAUL Joseph
committees/1
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Economic and Monetary Affairs
committee
ECON
opinion
False
committees/1
body
EP
responsible
False
committee_full
Economic and Monetary Affairs
committee
ECON
committees/2
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
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committee
ITRE
date
2007-04-12T00:00:00
rapporteur
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committees/2
body
EP
responsible
True
committee
ENVI
date
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committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
rapporteur
group: PSE name: CORBEY Dorette
committees/3
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Internal Market and Consumer Protection
committee
IMCO
opinion
False
committees/3
body
EP
responsible
False
committee_full
Internal Market and Consumer Protection
committee
IMCO
committees/4
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Transport and Tourism
committee
TRAN
opinion
False
committees/4
body
EP
responsible
False
committee
ITRE
date
2007-04-12T00:00:00
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
rapporteur
group: GUE/NGL name: RANSDORF Miloslav
committees/5
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Agriculture and Rural Development
committee
AGRI
date
2007-05-08T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: DAUL Joseph group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
committees/5
body
EP
responsible
False
committee_full
Transport and Tourism
committee
TRAN
council
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) meeting_id: 2936 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2936*&MEET_DATE=06/04/2009 date: 2009-04-06T00:00:00
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Environment meeting_id: 2842 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2842*&MEET_DATE=20/12/2007 date: 2007-12-20T00:00:00
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Environment meeting_id: 2826 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2826*&MEET_DATE=30/10/2007 date: 2007-10-30T00:00:00
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Environment meeting_id: 2812 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2812*&MEET_DATE=28/06/2007 date: 2007-06-28T00:00:00
docs
  • date: 2007-01-31T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2007/0055/COM_SEC(2007)0055_EN.pdf title: SEC(2007)0055 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=SECfinal&an_doc=2007&nu_doc=55 title: EUR-Lex type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2007-01-31T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2007/0056/COM_SEC(2007)0056_EN.pdf title: SEC(2007)0056 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=SECfinal&an_doc=2007&nu_doc=56 title: EUR-Lex type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2007-07-19T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE392.119 title: PE392.119 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2007-09-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE390.722&secondRef=02 title: PE390.722 committee: AGRI type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2007-10-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE396.443 title: PE396.443 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2007-10-24T00:00:00 docs: url: https://dm.eesc.europa.eu/EESCDocumentSearch/Pages/redresults.aspx?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:1454)(documentyear:2007)(documentlanguage:EN) title: CES1454/2007 type: Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report body: ESC
  • date: 2007-11-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE390.741&secondRef=02 title: PE390.741 committee: ITRE type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2007-12-06T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-496&language=EN title: A6-0496/2007 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2009-01-29T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=14428&j=0&l=en title: SP(2009)402 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
  • date: 2009-04-23T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=[%n4]%2F09&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 03740/2008/LEX type: Draft final act body: CSL
  • date: 2010-12-22T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2010/0811/COM_COM(2010)0811_EN.pdf title: COM(2010)0811 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2010&nu_doc=811 title: EUR-Lex summary: The Commission presents a report on indirect land-use change related to biofuels and bioliquids. It recalls that Directive 2009/28/EC (the "Renewable Energy Directive") and Directive 2009/30/EC ("the Fuel Quality Directive") require the Commission to review the impact of indirect land-use change on greenhouse gas emissions and address ways to minimise that impact. Although land-use change can have a wide range of positive and negative impacts (i.e. greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, social issues, etc), this report focuses on the consequences for the greenhouse gas emissions of biofuels, as required by the Directives. The basic driver for indirect land-use change is the increased demand for agricultural crops in a situation where both suitable agricultural land availability and potential yield increases are limited. Some other key factors, such as achieving maximum profit from the production and complying with related legislation in place, are also likely to play a role in determining how the increased demand is to be realised. The limited availability of low-carbon stock land in other parts of the world and the lack of more stringent protection of forests and carbon rich areas are factors that can contribute to damaging indirect land-use change. If conversion of carbon rich areas were to be limited or if more agriculture commodities were subject to sustainability criteria comparable to those laid down for biofuels, indirect land-use change could be limited. The reason for this is that the indirect land-use change effect of biofuels is the direct land-use change of another commodity. Estimating the greenhouse gas impact due to indirect land-use change : this requires projecting impacts into the future, which is inherently uncertain, since future developments will not necessarily follow trends of the past. Moreover, the estimated land-use change can never be validated, as indirect land-use change is a ph enomenon that is impossible to observe directly or measure. Therefore modelling is necessary to estimate indirect land-use change. The Commission describes in the report the analytical exercises and review of existing literature on the subject of indirect land-use change which it carried out during 2009 and 2010. It sets out the results of various consultation exercises with the wider community, and considers, in particular two reports involved separate modelling exercises. The first was carried out by IPTS, used the AGLINK-COSIMO model . This modelling assumed that the 10% renewable energy in transport target would be met using 7% conventional biofuels and 1.5% advanced biofuels that would be double counted. Although this model considered the impacts from the additional demand of conventional biofuels needed to meet the target, it did not consider any impacts resulting from additional demand for either advanced biofuels or bioliquids. The bioethanol-biodiesel shares considered were identical to the shares of petrol and diesel, i.e. approximately 35% and 65%, so that the share of biofuel in petrol and diesel were each respectively approximately 8.5%. The final conclusion of the modelling was that the additional demand resulting from the policy compared to a counterfactual 2020 scenario, equalled to 21 Mtoe, which would result in an increase of the total land area required for crops of 5.2 million hectares globally, one quarter of which is in the EU. This modelling did not provide a calculation of the greenhouse gas impacts of this land conversion. The second modelling exercise was carried out using the MIRAGE model by the IFPRI. This modelling was based on the assumption that the 10% renewable energy in transport target would be met using 5.6% conventional biofuels with the remainder met in other ways, including a contribution of 1.5% from advanced biofuels, under current trade policy and assuming full trade liberalisation. Additional demand for advanced biofuels and bioliquids was not modelled The conclusion of the modelling was that the additional demand resulting from the policy compared to a counterfactual 2020 scenario, equalled to 8 Mtoe, which would result in an increase of total land area required for crops of 0.8 and 1 million hectares globally, under the business as usual and free trade scenarios, respectively. Converted into greenhouse gas emissions this compares to 18 grams of CO2-eq. per MJ of energy (subsequently written as g/MJ). The bioethanol-biodiesel shares were set as 45% and 55% respectively. The overall land requirements increased to 2.8 million hectares globally in the scenario using 8.6% conventional biofuels, resulting into average emissions of 30g/MJ. The split between bioethanol and biodiesel turned out to be of great importance for the (indirect) land-use change impact estimated using the IFPRI MIRAGE model . In a further IFPRI MIRAGE model run using the 5.6% scenario, and a 25% bioethanol/75% biodiesel split gave average (indirect) land-use change emissions of around 45 g/MJ. The report notes that model results vary considerably across feedstocks and trade assumptions. It describes a number of key factors not considered in the models . Notwithstanding these conceptual limitations, it can be argued that the best available methodology to estimate (indirect) land-use change is still through economic models where decisions are made based on relative prices. However, within this framework of economic modelling, there will always be a range of unsolved issues, which influence the results considerably. The report goes on to discuss developments in international regulatory actions to address (indirect) land-use change . It also presents a summary of the consultation responses. Preliminary conclusions and next steps : renewable energy, including biofuels, is an essential element of the EU´s energy and climate strategy. In this context the stable and predictable investment climate created by the Renewable Energy Directive, which already contains strict sustainability criteria for biofuels and bioliquids, including on their green house gas performance, needs to be preserved, as well as respect for the Fuel Quality Directive’s ambitious reduction target in the greenhouse gas intensity of fuels used in transport. As far as indirect land-use change is concerned, based on the work carried out to date, the Commission believes it is possible to draw a number of conclusions. It recognises that a number of deficiencies and uncertainties associated with the modelling, which is required to estimate the impacts, remain to be addressed, which could significantly impact on the results of the analytical work carried out to date. Therefore, the Commission will continue to conduct work in this area in order to ensure that policy decisions are based on the best available science and to meet its future reporting obligations on this matter. However, the Commission acknowledges that indirect land-use change can have an impact on greenhouse gas emissions savings associated with biofuels, which could reduce their contribution to the policy goals, under certain circumstances in the absence of intervention. As such, the Commission considers that, if action is required, indirect land-use change should be addressed under a precautionary approach. The Commission is finalising its impact assessment, which would focus on the assessment of the following policy options: · take no action for the time being, while continuing to monitor; · increase the minimum greenhouse gas saving threshold for biofuels; · introduce additional sustainability requirements on certain categories of biofuels; · attribute a quantity of greenhouse gas emissions to biofuels reflecting the estimated indirect land-use impact. The Commission will present the Impact Assessment, if appropriate together with a legislative proposal for amending the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive as necessary no later than by July 2011. type: Follow-up document body: EC
  • date: 2011-05-09T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2010)0811 title: COM(2010)0811 type: Contribution body: CZ_SENATE
events
  • date: 2007-01-31T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0018/COM_COM(2007)0018(COR1)_EN.pdf title: COM(2007)0018 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2007&nu_doc=18 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to introduce stricter transport fuel standards. PROPOSED ACT: Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council. BACKGROUND: Directive 98/70/EC establishes minimum specifications for petrol and diesel fuels for use in road and non-road mobile applications and was modified in 2003 in order to adjust sulphur limits for petrol and diesel. (See COD/1996/0163 and COD/2001/0170 ). Both Directives apply to road vehicles, inland waterway barges and non-road mobile machinery such as locomotives, earth moving machinery and tractors. The main aim of the existing Directive is to protect human health; to protect the environment; and to establish an effective framework for the smooth functioning of the single market. CONTENT: the purpose of this proposal is to amend Directive 98/70/EC in order to : i) take account of recent technological developments in fuel and engine technology; ii) incorporate the growing importance of biofuels into the Directive; iii) help meet air quality goals set out in the 2005 Thematic Strategy on air pollution; and iv) reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The main changes proposed to the Directive are: - To confirm 2009 as the date by which sulphur diesel will be allowed a maximum level of 10 ppm. This will result in lower pollutant emissions, primarily particulate matter. It will also facilitate the introduction of other pollutant control equipment. - To reduce the poly aromatic hydrocarbon content in diesel to 8% from 2009 onwards. This might result in a reduction in particulate matter and poly aromatic hydrocarbon emissions. - To reduce the maximum sulphur content in non-road gas-oil from 1000 ppm to 10 ppm for land based uses and from 1000 ppm to 300 ppm for inland waterways. The change for land based equipment will facilitate the introduction of more advanced engines and emission control equipment as well as lowering particulate matter emissions from existing equipment. The change for inland waterways will ensure that these engines operate at approved levels of pollutant emissions. - To allow for a higher volume of biofuels to be used in petrol. A separate petrol blend will be established with higher permitted oxygenate content (including up to 10% ethanol). The vapour pressure limit is increased for petrol blended with ethanol. - To clearly label all blends available on the market. - To introduce controls on higher emissions of volatile organic compounds by collecting emissions in petrol stations for all fuels. (The Commission will bring forward a proposal for the mandatory introduction of “filling station vapour recovery” in 2007). - To introduce mandatory monitoring of lifecycle greenhouse gases from 2009. - To reduce emissions by 1% a year as from 2011. This will ensure that the fuel sector contributes to the Community’s longer term greenhouse gas reduction goals as well as parallel initiatives to improve vehicle efficiency. - To clarify exemptions to the vapour pressure limit for arctic or severe weather in order to avoid misinterpretation and increase legal certainty and to introduce a new review clause. Lastly, the proposed amendments seek to bring Directive 98/70/EC up to date by eliminating redundant elements.
  • date: 2007-03-13T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2007-06-28T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2812*&MEET_DATE=28/06/2007 title: 2812
  • date: 2007-10-30T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2826*&MEET_DATE=30/10/2007 title: 2826 summary: Following a Commission presentation on the proposed Directive to reduce air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions from fuel use in transport and increasing the use of biofuels, the Council held a major policy debate on the way forward. The debate sought to enable Ministers to express their views on the key elements of the proposal. It focused, in particular, on: reducing greenhouse gas emissions from fuels and setting a target figure for the reduction of such emissions, and provisions relating to inserting such a target in the fuel-quality Directive. Delegations largely supported the setting of a target for reducing the greenhouse gas emissions from fuels, subject to certain conditions. The conditions include, in particular, the need to establish sustainability criteria for biofuels, whilst at the same time recognising the need to set targets that are both realistic and viable.
  • date: 2007-11-27T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP summary: The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the report by Dorette CORBEY (PES, NL) amending, under the 1st reading of the codecision procedure, the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 98/70/EC as regards the specification of petrol, diesel and gas-oil and introducing a mechanism to monitor and the introduction of a mechanism to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the use of road transport fuels and amending Council Directive 1999/32/EC, as regards the specification of fuel used by inland waterway vessels and repealing Directive 93/12/EEC. Amendments made by the committee are as follows: Scope : the scope of the Directive has been extended to state that the Directive sets technical specifications on health and environmental grounds for fuels to be used for vehicles equipped with positive-ignition and compression-ignition engines and other vehicle engine technologies. Petrol : Member States shall also ensure that by 1 January 2012 at the latest unleaded petrol with a bioethanol content of at least 70% by volume complies with the environmental specifications laid down in Annex VIa. Moreover, fuel meeting the specification set out in Annex III shall not require specific labelling in respect of the level of ethanol or ethyl tert-butyl ether (ETBE) it contains. Diesel : b y 31 December 2009 at the latest, the maximum permissible sulphur content of gas oils intended for use by nonroad mobile machinery and agricultural and forestry tractors, including inland waterway vessels, shall be 10 mg/kg. This does not preclude further requirements for reductions of vessel engine emissions. Member States shall also ensure that, by 31 December 2009 at the latest, gas oils intended for use by non-road mobile machinery and inland waterway vessels are aligned with on-road diesel fuel quality as specified under Annex IV. Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions : the committee proposes that from 1 January 2010 (and not 2009), Member States shall require suppliers of fuels for road transport and non-road mobile machinery that are placed on the market, to monitor and report the life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions from those fuels. Moreover, from 1 January 2012, Member States shall require suppliers of fuels for road transport and non-road mobile machinery that are placed on the market, to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gas emissions from those fuels per unit of energy. The emission reduction compared to the base year shall equal at least an additional 2% of the emissions in 2010 per two years for every two calendar years up to and including 2020. The level of life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy reported in 2020 shall be no greater than 90% of the level reported in 2010 Sustainability criteria for biofuels and biomass : amendments have been introduced guaranteeing that only those biofuels and non-fossil feedstocks that meet the criteria for sustainability of production and can prove greenhouse gas performance on a life-cycle basis shall be counted as contributing to the objective of the Directive. Use of the metallic additive (MMT) in fuel : MEPs call for the use of the metallic additive MMT in fuel to be prohibited from 1 January 2010 onwards. The Commission shall develop a suitable test methodology concerning the use of metallic additives in fuel other than MMT. Air quality : it is desirable to reduce emissions of damaging Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PACs) to the absolute minimum. The committee wishes to reduce the maximum permitted PAC content from 10% to 6% rather than to 8% as proposed by the Commission. In Annex V, MEPs also stated that for Member States with low summer temperature conditions the maximum vapour pressure shall not exceed 66.0 kPa. Vapour pressure for the summer period shall not exceed 56 kPa (as opposed to 60 kPa proposed by the Commission). Annexes : MEPs introduced two new annexes: i) annex VI a on the method for measuring lifecycle greenhouse gas emission from all fuels and ii) annex VI b on the sustainability criteria for biofules and biomass (biodiversity and social sustainability criteria). Report : the Commission is invited to submit by 31 June 2008 a report to the European Parliament and the Council on the basis of the guidelines as outlined in Annex VIa in which it clarifies: a) the methodology for monitoring and reporting life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions from road fuels; b) the relationship of any reduction mechanism with the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and Member States' commitments under the Kyoto Protocol; c) the definition of the base year.
  • date: 2007-12-06T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-496&language=EN title: A6-0496/2007
  • date: 2007-12-20T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2842*&MEET_DATE=20/12/2007 title: 2842
  • date: 2008-12-16T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20081216&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2008-12-17T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=14428&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2008-12-17T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-613 title: T6-0613/2008 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 670 votes to 20, with 25 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 98/70/EC as regards the specification of petrol, diesel and gas-oil and introducing a mechanism to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the use of road transport fuels and amending Council Directive 1999/32/EC, as regards the specification of fuel used by inland waterway vessels and repealing Directive 93/12/EEC. The report had been tabled for consideration in plenary by Dorette CORBEY (PES, NL), on behalf of the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. The amendments – adopted in the first reading of the codecision procedure – are the result of a compromise between Parliament and Council. The main elements of the compromise are as follows: Scope : the Directive sets, in respect of road vehicles, and non road mobile machinery (including inland waterway vessels when not at sea), agricultural and forestry tractors, and recreational craft when not at sea: technical specifications on health and environmental grounds for fuels to be used with positive ignition and compression-ignition engines, taking account of the technical requirements of those engines; a target for the reduction of life cycle greenhouse gas emissions. Petrol : suppliers must ensure the placing on the market of petrol with a maximum oxygen content of 2.7% and a maximum ethanol content of 5% . Consumers shall be provided with appropriate information concerning the biofuel content of petrol and, in particular, on the appropriate use of different blends of petrol. Member States with low ambient summer temperatures may permit the placing on the market, during the summer period, of petrol with a maximum vapour pressure of 70 kPa. Member States where this derogation is not applied may permit the placing on the market, during the summer period, of petrol containing ethanol with a maximum vapour pressure of 60 kPa. Where Member States wish to apply either of the derogations, they shall notify the Commission. The Commission shall assess the desirability and duration of the derogation, taking account of: (a) the avoidance of socioeconomic problems resulting from higher vapour pressure, including time-limited technical adaptation needs; (b) the environmental or health consequences of the higher vapour pressure and, in particular, the impact on compliance with Community legislation on air quality. If the Commission's assessment shows that the derogation will result in a lack of compliance with Community legislation on air quality or air pollution, including the relevant limit values and emissions ceilings, the application shall be rejected. Diesel fuel : Member States may permit the placing on the market of diesel with a fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) content greater than 7%. They shall ensure the provision of appropriate information to consumers concerning the biofuel content of diesel fuel, in particular FAME. No later than from 1 January 2008, gas oils intended for use by non-road mobile machinery (including inland waterway vessels), agricultural and forestry tractors and recreational craft may be marketed within a Member State’s territory only if the sulphur content of those gas oils does not exceed 1000 mg/kg . From 1 January 2011, the maximum permissible sulphur content of those gas oils shall be 10 mg/kg . Liquid fuels other than those gas oils may be used in inland waterway vessels and recreational craft only if the sulphur content of those liquid fuels does not exceed the maximum permissible content of those gas oils. In order to accommodate minor contamination in the supply chain, Member States may, from 1 January 2011, permit gas oil intended for use by non-road mobile machinery (including inland waterway vessels), agricultural and forestry tractors and recreational craft to contain up to 20 mg/kg of sulphur at the point of final distribution to end users. Member States may also permit the continued placing on the market until 31 December 2011 of gas oil containing up to 1000 mg/kg sulphur for rail vehicles and agricultural and forestry tractors, provided that they can ensure that the proper functioning of emissions control systems will not be compromised. Member States may, for the outermost regions, make specific provision for the introduction of diesel fuel and gas oils with a maximum sulphur content of 10 mg/kg. Lastly, for Member States with severe winter weather, the maximum distillation point of 65% at 250 ºC for diesel fuels and gas oils may be replaced by a maximum distillation point of 10% (vol/vol) at 180 ºC. Greenhouse gas emission reductions : Member States shall require suppliers to reduce as gradually as possible life cycle greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy from fuel and energy supplied by up to 10% by 31 December 2020 , compared with the fuel baseline standard referred to in the Directive. This reduction shall consist of: 6% by 31 December 2020 . Member States may require suppliers, for this reduction, to comply with the following intermediate targets: 2% by 31 December 2014 and 4% by 31 December 2017; an indicative additional target of 2% by 31 December 2020 , to be achieved through one or both of the following methods: (i) the supply of energy for transport, supplied for use in any type of road vehicle, non-road mobile machinery (including inland waterway vessels), agricultural or forestry tractor or recreational craft; (ii) the use of any technology (including carbon capture and storage) capable of reducing life cycle greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy from fuel or energy supplied; an indicative additional target of 2% by 31 December 2020 , to be achieved through the use of credits purchased through the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol, under the conditions set out in Directive 2003/87/EC. With effect from 1 January 2011, suppliers shall report annually on the greenhouse gas intensity of fuels and energy supplied within each Member State to the authority designated by the Member State by providing, as a minimum, the following information: (a) the total volume of each type of fuel or energy supplied, indicating where purchased and its origin; (b) life cycle greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy. Measures necessary for the implementation of these provisions shall be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny (comitology). Sustainability criteria for biofuels : the compromise ensures that only biofuels that fulfil the sustainability criteria will be used. With effect from 2017, the greenhouse gas emission saving from the use of biofuels shall be 50%. After 2017 it shall be 60% for biofuels produced in installations whose production has started from 2017 onwards. Biofuels taken into account shall not be made from: raw material obtained from land with high biodiversity value: (i) primary forest and other wooded land, where there are no clearly visible indications of human activities and the ecological processes are not significantly disturbed; (ii) areas designated for nature protection purposes or areas for the protection of rare, threatened or endangered ecosystems or species recognised by international agreements; (iii) highly biodiverse natural or non-natural grassland; raw material obtained from land with high carbon stock: (i) wetlands; (ii) continuously forested areas; (iii) land spanning more than 1 hectare with trees higher than 5 metres and a canopy cover of between 10% and 30%; raw material obtained from land that was peatland in January 2008, unless it is proven that the cultivation and harvesting of this raw material does not involve drainage of previously undrained soil. The Commission shall report every two years to the European Parliament and the Council on the impact on social sustainability in the Community and in third countries of increased demand for biofuel, and on the impact of EU biofuel policy on the availability of foodstuffs at affordable prices, in particular for people living in developing countries, and wider development issues. Verification of compliance with the sustainability criteria for biofuels : where biofuels are to be taken into account for the purposes of greenhouse gas emission reductions, Member States shall require economic operators to show that the sustainability criteria have been fulfilled. For this purpose they shall require economic operators to use a mass balance system. The Commission shall report to the European Parliament and the Council in 2010 and 2012 on the operation of the mass balance verification method and on the potential to allow for other verification methods in relation to some or all types of raw material or biofuels. The Community shall endeavour to conclude bilateral or multilateral agreements with third countries containing provisions on sustainability criteria that correspond to those of this directive. At the latest in 2012, the Commission shall report on: (a) the effectiveness of the system in place for the provision of information on sustainability criteria; and (b) whether it is feasible and appropriate to introduce mandatory requirements in relation to air, soil or water protection, taking into account the latest scientific evidence and the Community's international obligations. Calculation of greenhouse gas emissions from biofuels : Annex IV lays down the rules for the calculation of life cycle greenhouse gas emissions from biofuels: it focuses on: (a) typical and default values for biofuels if produced with no net carbon emissions from land use change; (b) estimated typical and default values for future biofuels that are not or in negligible quantities on the market in January 2008, if produced with no net carbon emissions from land use change; (c) the methodology for the calculation of emissions; (d) disaggregated default values for biofuels; (e) estimated disaggregated values for future biofuels that are not or in negligible quantities on the market in January 2008. Regarding the default values and methodology laid down in Annex IV, particular consideration shall be paid to: (i) the method of accounting for wastes and residues; (ii) the method of accounting for co products; (iii) the method of accounting for co generation; (iv) the status given to agricultural crop residues as co-products. The Commission shall, by 31 December 2010, submit a report to the European Parliament and to the Council reviewing the impact of indirect land use change on greenhouse gas emissions and addressing ways to minimise this impact. This report shall where appropriate be accompanied, in particular by a proposal, based on the best available scientific evidence, containing a concrete methodology for emissions from carbon stock changes caused by indirect land use changes. The proposal shall include the necessary safeguards to provide certainty for investment, undertaken before this methodology is applied. The European Parliament and the Council shall endeavour to decide in 2012 at the latest on any such proposals submitted by the Commission. Metallic additives in fuel : the Commission shall conduct an assessment of the risks for health and the environment from the use of metallic additives in fuel and, for this purpose, develop a test methodology. It shall report its conclusions to the European Parliament and to the Council by 31 December 2012. Pending the development of the test methodology, the presence of the metallic additive methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT) in fuel shall be limited to 6 mg Mn per litre from 1 January 2011. The limit shall be 2 mg from 1 January 2014. The limit for the MMT content of fuel shall be revised on the basis of the results of the assessment carried out using the test. It may be reduced to zero if the risk assessment justifies this. A label containing the text “Contains metallic additives” shall be displayed, in a clearly visible position, at any point where a fuel with metallic additives is made available to consumers. Reporting : the Commission shall submit by 31 December 2012, and every three years thereafter, a report to the European Parliament and the Council accompanied, where appropriate, by a proposal for amendments to this Directive. That report shall in particular take account of the following: the use and evolution of automotive technology and, in particular, the feasibility of increasing the maximum permitted biofuel content of petrol and diesel; Community policy on CO2 emissions from road transport vehicles; the possibility of applying the requirements of Annex II (environmental specifications for market fuels to be used for vehicles equipped with compression ignition engines), and in particular the limit value for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, to non-road mobile machinery (including inland waterways vessels), agricultural and forestry tractors and recreational craft; the increase of the use of detergents in fuels; the use of metallic additives other than MMT in fuels; the total volume of components used in petrol and diesel; the consequences of the greenhouse gas reduction target for the emissions trading scheme; the potential need for adjustments to the Directive in order to assess possible contributions for reaching a greenhouse gas reduction target of up to 10% by 2020; the possibility of introducing additional measures for suppliers to reduce by 2% life cycle greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy, through the use of credits purchased through the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol under the conditions set out in Directive 2003/87/EC establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community, in order to assess further possible contributions for reaching a greenhouse gas reduction target of up to 10 % by 2020; an updated cost-benefit and impact analysis of a reduction in the maximum permitted vapour pressure for petrol for the summer period below 60 kPa. At the latest in 2014, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and the Council relating to the achievement of the greenhouse gas emission target for 2020. The Commission shall, if appropriate, accompany its report by a proposal for modification of the target.
  • date: 2009-04-06T00:00:00 type: Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading body: EP/CSL
  • date: 2009-04-22T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2009-04-23T00:00:00 type: Final act signed body: CSL
  • date: 2009-06-05T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: to introduce stricter transport fuel standards. LEGISLATIVE ACT: Directive 2009/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council amending Directive 98/70/EC as regards the specification of petrol, diesel and gas-oil and introducing a mechanism to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and amending Council Directive 1999/32/EC as regards the specification of fuel used by inland waterway vessels and repealing Directive 93/12/EEC. CONTENT: following a first reading agreement with the European Parliament, the Council adopted this Directive which will improve air quality and reduce greenhouse gas emissions through environmental standards for fuel. It will also facilitate the more widespread blending of biofuels into petrol and diesel and, to avoid negative consequences, set ambitious sustainability criteria for biofuels. It should be noted that this Directive forms part of the climate-energy legislative package containing measures aimed at fighting climate change and promoting renewable energy. (See also COD/2008/0013 , COD/2008/0014 , COD/2008/0015 and COD/2008/0016 and COD/2007/0297 ). The package is designed to achieve the EU's overall environmental target of a 20 % reduction in greenhouse gases and a 20 % share of renewable energy in the EU's total energy consumption by 2020. Scope: the Directive sets, in respect of road vehicles, and non-road mobile machinery (including inland waterway vessels when not at sea), agricultural and forestry tractors, and recreational craft when not at sea: a) technical specifications on health and environmental grounds for fuels to be used with positive ignition and compression-ignition engines, taking account of the technical requirements of those engines; and b) a target for the reduction of life cycle greenhouse gas emissions. The revised directive introduces for the first time a reduction target for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from fuels. Member States shall require suppliers to reduce as gradually as possible life cycle greenhouse gas emissions per unit of energy from fuel and energy supplied by up to 10 % by 31 December 2020 . This reduction shall consist of: a) 6 % by 31 December 2020 . Member States may require suppliers, for this reduction, to comply with the following intermediate targets: 2 % by 31 December 2014 and 4 % by 31 December 2017; b) an indicative additional target of 2 % by 31 December 2020 , to be achieved through certain methods, such as the use of any technology such as carbon capture and storage; c) an indicative additional target of 2 % by 31 December 2020 to be achieved through the use of credits purchased through the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol, under the conditions set out in Directive 2003/87/EC. To enable these GHG emissions cuts, petrol may have a higher biofuel content. From 2011, petrol may contain up to 10% ethanol. In order to avoid damage to old cars, however, fuel with 5% ethanol (E5) will continue to be available until 2013, with the possibility for Member States of extending that period. The Directive also lays down stringent environmental and social sustainability criteria for biofuels , which correspond to those in the Directive on the promotion of energy from renewable sources (see COD/2008/0016.) The Directive also imposes limits on the content of sulphur and metallic additives in engine fuel. In order to minimise emissions of volatile air pollutants, the maximum vapour pressure of fuel is also prescribed. Reporting : the Commission shall submit by 31 December 2012, and every three years thereafter, a report to the European Parliament and the Council accompanied, where appropriate, by a proposal for amendments to this Directive. At the latest in 2014, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and the Council relating to the achievement of the greenhouse gas emission target for 2020. The Commission shall, if appropriate, accompany its report by a proposal for modification of the target. The revised environmental quality standards as well as the sustainability criteria for biofuels will apply from 2011. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 25/06/2009. TRANSPOSITION: 31/12/2010. docs: title: Directive 2009/30 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32009L0030 title: OJ L 140 05.06.2009, p. 0088 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:TOC
other
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/environment/ title: Environment commissioner: DIMAS Stavros
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
ENVI/6/46035
New
  • ENVI/6/46035
procedure/final/url
Old
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32009L0030
New
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32009L0030
procedure/instrument
Old
Directive
New
  • Directive
  • Repealing Directive 93/12/EEC Amending Directive 98/70/EC 1996/0163(COD) Amending Directive 1999/32/EC 1997/0105(SYN) See also 2014/2995(RSP)
procedure/subject
Old
  • 3.20.04 Inland waterway transport
  • 3.20.05 Road transport: passengers and freight
  • 3.60.02 Oil industry, motor fuels
  • 3.60.05 Alternative and renewable energies
  • 3.70.02 Atmospheric pollution, motor vehicle pollution
  • 3.70.20 Sustainable development
New
3.20.04
Inland waterway transport
3.20.05
Road transport: passengers and freight
3.60.02
Oil industry, motor fuels
3.60.05
Alternative and renewable energies
3.70.02
Atmospheric pollution, motor vehicle pollution
3.70.20
Sustainable development
procedure/summary
  • Amending Directive 1999/32/EC
  • Amending Directive 98/70/EC
  • Repealing Directive 93/12/EEC
  • See also
activities/0/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0018/COM_COM(2007)0018_FR.pdf
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0018/COM_COM(2007)0018(COR1)_EN.pdf
links/European Commission/title
Old
PreLex
New
EUR-Lex
procedure/summary/3
See also
activities
  • date: 2007-01-31T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0018/COM_COM(2007)0018_FR.pdf title: COM(2007)0018 type: Legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52007PC0018:EN body: EC type: Legislative proposal published commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/environment/ title: Environment Commissioner: DIMAS Stavros
  • date: 2007-03-13T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2007-05-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DAUL Joseph body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2007-03-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: PSE name: CORBEY Dorette body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-04-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: GUE/NGL name: RANSDORF Miloslav body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Transport and Tourism committee: TRAN
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2812 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2812*&MEET_DATE=28/06/2007 type: Debate in Council title: 2812 council: Environment date: 2007-06-28T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2826 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2826*&MEET_DATE=30/10/2007 type: Debate in Council title: 2826 council: Environment date: 2007-10-30T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2007-11-27T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2007-05-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DAUL Joseph body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2007-03-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: PSE name: CORBEY Dorette body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-04-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: GUE/NGL name: RANSDORF Miloslav body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Transport and Tourism committee: TRAN type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2007-12-06T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-496&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A6-0496/2007 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2007-05-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DAUL Joseph body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2007-03-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: PSE name: CORBEY Dorette body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-04-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: GUE/NGL name: RANSDORF Miloslav body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Transport and Tourism committee: TRAN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2842 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2842*&MEET_DATE=20/12/2007 type: Debate in Council title: 2842 council: Environment date: 2007-12-20T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2008-12-16T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20081216&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2008-12-17T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=14428&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-613 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0613/2008 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2009-04-06T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) meeting_id: 2936
  • date: 2009-04-06T00:00:00 body: EP/CSL type: Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
  • date: 2009-04-22T00:00:00 body: EP type: End of procedure in Parliament
  • date: 2009-04-23T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Final act signed
  • date: 2009-06-05T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32009L0030 title: Directive 2009/30 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2009:140:TOC title: OJ L 140 05.06.2009, p. 0088
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2007-05-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DAUL Joseph
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON
  • body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2007-03-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: PSE name: CORBEY Dorette
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-04-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: GUE/NGL name: RANSDORF Miloslav
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Transport and Tourism committee: TRAN
links
National parliaments
European Commission
other
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/environment/ title: Environment commissioner: DIMAS Stavros
procedure
dossier_of_the_committee
ENVI/6/46035
reference
2007/0019(COD)
subtype
Legislation
legal_basis
stage_reached
Procedure completed
summary
instrument
Directive
title
Specification of petrol, diesel and gas-oil: mechanism to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fuels. "Fuel Quality Directive"
type
COD - Ordinary legislative procedure (ex-codecision procedure)
final
subject