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2007/0192A(CNS) Euro: protection against counterfeiting

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead LIBE DEPREZ Gérard (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Former Responsible Committee LIBE DÍAZ DE MERA GARCÍA CONSUEGRA Agustín (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Committee Opinion ECON
Former Committee Opinion ECON DOS SANTOS Manuel (icon: PSE PSE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
EC Treaty (after Amsterdam) EC 123-p4

Events

2009/01/22
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to amend Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2009 amending Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting.

CONTENT: to recall, Council Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 requires credit institutions and any other related institutions to withdraw from circulation all euro notes and coins received by them which they know or have sufficient reason to believe to be counterfeit and hand them over to the competent national authorities.

It is important to ensure that circulating euro notes and coins are authentic. To that end, credit institutions, other payment service providers and other economic agents involved in the processing and distribution of notes and coins should check the authenticity of the euro notes and coins they receive before they put them back into circulation.

Other economic agents, such as traders and casinos, should also be subject to these obligations where they supply, on a secondary basis, automated teller machines (cash dispensers), but they may not be involved beyond these secondary activities.

In order to comply with the obligation to check for authenticity, these economic agents nevertheless need time to adapt their internal functioning. As regards notes, the procedures laid down for Member States which have adopted the euro as a single currency may also cover the suitability of the checked notes for circulation.

Appropriate adjustment of the equipment is a prerequisite for checking the authenticity of euro notes and coins. In order to adjust the equipment used for the checks for authenticity it is essential that the necessary quantities of counterfeit notes and coins are available at the places where testing is conducted. It is, therefore, appropriate to permit the transporting of counterfeit notes and coins between competent national authorities as well as institutions and bodies of the European Union.

This Regulation amends Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting as follows:

Obligation to transmit counterfeit coins : the Regulation stipulates that for the purpose of facilitating the checking for authenticity of circulating euro coins, the transporting of counterfeit coins between the competent national authorities as well as the institutions and bodies of the European Union shall be permitted. During transportation, the counterfeit notes shall be accompanied at all times by transport orders received for that purpose from the abovementioned authorities, institutions and bodies.

Classification of coins : the ETSC shall analyse and classify every new type of counterfeit euro coin. To that end, the ETSC shall have access to the technical and statistical data stored at the ECB on counterfeit euro coins. The ETSC shall communicate the relevant final results of its analysis to the competent national authorities and, according to its areas of responsibility, to the European Central Bank.

Obligations relating to credit institutions engaged in the processing and distribution to the public of notes and coins : credit institutions, and, within the limits of their payment activity, other payment service providers, and any other institutions engaged in the processing and distribution to the public of notes and coins, including: (i) establishments whose activity consists in exchanging notes and coins of different currencies, such as bureaux de change ; (ii) transporters of funds ; (iii) other economic agents such as traders and casinos engaged on a secondary basis in the processing and distribution to the public of notes via automated teller machines (cash dispensers), within the limit of these secondary activities, shall be obliged to ensure that euro notes and coins which they have received and which they intend to put back into circulation are checked for authenticity and that counterfeits are detected.

For euro notes, this check shall be carried out in line with procedures defined by the ECB. The institutions and economic agents referred to in the Regulation shall be obliged to withdraw from circulation all euro notes and coins received by them which they know or have sufficient reason to believe to be counterfeit. They shall immediately hand them over to the competent national authorities.

Non-euro Member States : in Member States that do not have the euro as their single currency, checks on the authenticity of euro notes and coins shall be carried out either by trained personnel, or by a machine for handling banknotes and coins that is on the list published by the European Central Bank, for banknotes, or by the Commission, in the case of coins.

APPLICATION: 31.12.2011.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 23.01.2009.

2008/12/18
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
2008/12/18
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2008/12/18
   CSL - Council Meeting
2008/12/16
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2008/12/16
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted, by 518 votes to 9 with 32 abstentions and, on a renewed consultation, adopted a legislative resolution under the consultation procedure approving the Council's draft for a Council Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting.

The report had been tabled for consideration in plenary by Gérard DEPREZ (ALDE, BE) on behalf of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs.

Documents
2008/12/11
   EP - Committee final report tabled for plenary, reconsultation
Documents
2008/12/11
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, reconsultation
Documents
2008/12/02
   EP - Vote in committee
Details

The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted the report drafted by Gérard DEPREZ (ALDE, BE) approving, without amendment (renewed consultation), the draft Council Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting, as amended by the Council.

2008/12/02
   EP - DEPREZ Gérard (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2008/11/12
   EP/CSL - Formal reconsultation of Parliament
2008/10/24
   EC - Amended legislative proposal for reconsultation published
Details

On 17 September 2007, the Commission submitted to the European Parliament and the Council a proposal for a Council Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting (please refer to the summary dated 17/09/2007 in this procedure file).

The Commission proposal is based on Article 123(4) of the EC Treaty and the European Parliament delivered its opinion on 17 June 2008.

Following the discussions held on its proposal within the Council, the Commission suggested adding Article 308 of the Treaty as a legal basis .

In this context, the Working Party on Combating Fraud reached agreement on the present regulation and the parallel regulation on the extension of measures provided for Member States which have not adopted the euro as their single currency (see CNS/2007/0192B ).

In addition to the change of legal basis, the Commission proposal has been reviewed in the following areas:

- obliging credit institutions and any other related institutions to withdraw from circulation all euro notes and coins received by them which they know or have sufficient reason to believe to be counterfeit and hand them over to the competent national authorities;

- ensuring that circulating euro notes and coins are authentic: to that end, credit institutions, other payment service providers and other economic agents involved in the processing and distribution of notes and coins should check the authenticity of the euro notes and coins they receive before they put them back into circulation, except where they come from other establishments or persons themselves subject to obligatory checks or where they have been taken from the authorities authorised to issue them. Other economic agents, such as traders and casinos, should also be subject to these obligations where they supply, on a secondary basis, automated teller machines (cash dispensers), but they may not be involved beyond these secondary activities. In order to comply with the obligation to check for authenticity, these economic agents nevertheless need time to adapt their internal functioning;

- ensuring the appropriate adjustment of equipment is a prerequisite for checking the authenticity of euro notes and coins. In order to adjust the equipment used for the checks for authenticity it is essential that the necessary quantities of counterfeit notes and coins are available at the places where testing is conducted. It is, therefore, important to permit the transporting of counterfeit notes and coins between competent national authorities as well as institutions and bodies of the European Union.

The European Parliament needs to be consulted again.

Documents
2008/06/17
   EP - Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2008/06/17
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Documents
2008/06/05
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2008/06/05
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2008/05/29
   EP - Vote in committee
Details

The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted the report by Agustín DÍAZ DE MERA GARCÍA CONSUEGRA (EPP-ED, ES) amending, under the consultation procedure, the proposal for a Council regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the Euro against counterfeiting.

The main amendments approved by the committee responsible can be summarised as follows:

Other types of establishment : MEPs hope to extend the scope of the proposal to other types of establishment in addition to large credit institutions to ensure that all institutions and economic agents involved in the sorting and distribution of Euro notes and coins to the public, either directly or via cash distribution machines (this shall include bureaux de change, large shopping centres and casinos), check the authenticity of Euro notes and coins in circulation; Small and medium-sized traders : MEPs distinguish from large credit institutions and “other establishments”, small retailers operating on small or medium-sized premises. While these retailers are able to meet the obligation of verifying the authenticity of Euro notes and coins in accordance with the procedures established by the ECB and the Commission, they do not have the necessary means to do so, which is why MEPs consider that the only obligation for these retailers is to ‘act with due diligence’ by withdrawing from circulation any Euro notes and coins which they have sufficient reason to believe to be counterfeit; Cash transporters : MEPs also extend the provision for the verification and withdrawal of Euro notes and coins to cash transporters but only if they have direct access to the notes and coins concerned; Passing on counterfeit money to the competent authorities : for the purpose of facilitating the control for authenticity of circulating Euro notes (and when the quantity seized so permits), an adequate number of counterfeit Euro shall be transmitted to the competent national bodies, even when these constitute evidence in criminal proceedings (for the purpose of calibrating and adjusting Euro-note authentification equipment); Non-Euro countries : MEPs state that, in Member States which do not use the Euro, a control procedure shall be laid down for the purpose of checking the authenticity of Euro notes and coins used by the institutions referred to in the regulation (credit institutions, ‘other establishments’ and ‘small and medium-sized traders’ which shall be obliged to withdraw from circulation all Euro notes and coins which they suspect to be counterfeit); Implementation : MEPs consider that the regulation should enter into force on 31 December 2011 and not on 31 December 2009 as planned by the Commission, in order to give Member States time to adapt; Raise awareness of the risks posed by counterfeiting : lastly, MEPs add a new paragraph to the proposal calling for the creation and promotion of training and information activities (information booklets, training seminars) for citizens and consumers concerning the risks posed by counterfeiting, the basic security measures and the appropriate authorities to be contacted by those who come into possession of suspected counterfeit notes and/or coins.

2008/05/14
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2008/05/08
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2008/04/30
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2007/12/17
   ECB - European Central Bank: opinion, guideline, report
Details

OPINION OF THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK at the request of the Council of the European Union on a proposal for a Council Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting .

On 23 October 2007, the European Central Bank (ECB) received a request from the Council of the European Union for an opinion on a proposal for a Council Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting.

General observations : the ECB recently issued Recommendation ECB/2006/13 on the adoption of certain measures to protect euro banknotes more effectively against counterfeiting. In that Recommendation, it takes the stance that while, generally, criminal law and the rules of criminal procedure do not fall within the competence of the Community, they may do so when necessary to ensure the effectiveness of Community law. The ECB specifically recommended that the Commission should ‘consider proposing an extension of the powers of national analysis centres for counterfeits (NACs) and of national central banks (NCBs) that are not NACs, so that they may retain identified and analysed examples of counterfeit notes and also request and legitimately transport such notes intra-EU for the purposes of testing.

In principle, the ECB welcomes any use of a first pillar act adopted under the Treaty to protect the euro against counterfeiting, rather than a third pillar act based on police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters, as first pillar acts provide the only appropriate legal means for protecting the euro against counterfeiting within the framework of the Community's economic and monetary union.

Specific observations : the proposed broadening of the scope of the title of Article 4 of the Regulation, so as to impose an obligation to transmit new and old classes of counterfeit notes for purposes other than identification, partially follows the ECB Recommendation. However, the proposed amendment to Article 4(2) does not prevent suspected counterfeit notes from being used or retained in criminal proceedings, thus contradicting the broadening of the scope of the title thereof and jeopardising the effectiveness of the amended provision. To ensure the protection of the euro against counterfeiting, the ECB and the NCBs should, as a rule, be entitled to receive samples of banknotes used or retained as evidence in criminal proceedings , the sole exception being when this is impossible, taking into account the quantity and type of seized counterfeits.

The proposed amendment to Article 6(1) of the Regulation imposes upon ‘credit institutions, and any other institutions engaged in the sorting and distribution to the public of notes and coins as a professional activity’ the obligation to ensure that the notes and coins they receive are checked for authenticity and counterfeits are detected. While the object of the obligation is clear and desirable, the wording leaves out of its scope other organisations which operate self-service devices supplying euro banknotes to the public, even if not as a professional activity. A broader definition would thus be the most adequate solution.

Moreover, the proposed Regulation adds to Article 6(3) of the Regulation a provision requiring the Member States to make the laws, regulations and administrative provisions for applying the aforementioned obligation of credit and other institutions, and to adopt them by 31 December 2009 at the latest. The ECB is of the opinion that, as the ECB and the Commission are responsible for laying down the procedures underpinning this obligation, it is the ECB and the Commission that should stipulate the deadlines for their implementation, both for practical and legal reasons. It is therefore suggested that this deadline should be deleted from the proposed Regulation.

As regards the inclusion of coins under the scope of the Regulation on the same level as banknotes, the ECB would observe that this approach could have the drawback of endangering retail payment in Member States, as the technical feasibility of the proposed checking requirement for coins is yet uncertain.

Lastly, as it is not completely clear whether the reference of Regulation (EC) No 1339/2001 extending the effects of Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting to those Member States which have not adopted the euro as their single currency to Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 is a dynamic one, there is a need for another proposal for a Regulation, extending to non euro area Member States the effects of the proposed Regulation, in particular as regards the amendments to Articles 4 and 5.

However, in the context of the ‘procedures to be defined by the European Central Bank’ to which the proposed Regulation will include a reference in Article 6(1) of amended Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001, the ECB is best placed to decide upon the implementation of its procedures in relation to euro banknotes. In this respect and in the light of the limits of the geographic area in which the euro is legal tender, the ECB decided in July 2006 that these procedures will become effective in newly participating Member States once they adopt the euro.

2007/11/29
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2007/11/05
   EP - DÍAZ DE MERA GARCÍA CONSUEGRA Agustín (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2007/10/23
   EP - DOS SANTOS Manuel (PSE) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2007/09/17
   EC - Legislative proposal
2007/09/17
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to amend Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Regulation.

BACKGROUND: Council Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 requires credit institutions and any other related institutions to withdraw from circulation all euro notes and coins received by them which they know or have sufficient reason to believe to be counterfeit and hand them over to the competent national authorities.

Such an obligation relates to the due diligence of credit and other relevant institutions to ensure the authenticity of euro notes and coins that they put back into circulation or the actual detection of counterfeits. While the initial Commission proposal for Regulation 1338/2001 included the obligation for these institutions to check for counterfeits this was not finally adopted mainly due to the lack of agreed uniform and effective methods for large scale authentication of euro notes and coins or for the detection of counterfeits.

Following research in the methods for authenticating euro notes and coins, the ECB issued an advisory framework for the detection of counterfeit notes and the Commission adopted a Recommendation for authentication of euro coins. Discussions amongst national experts, as well as the European institutions and bodies have underlined the importance of introducing legislation requiring the verification of authenticity of circulating euro notes and coins.

Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 should therefore be amended accordingly.

CONTENT: the Commission believes it is important that financial institutions ensure the authenticity of euro banknotes and coins they have received before re-circulating them. Therefore it proposes to add the obligation for these institutions to check for counterfeits. There are already agreed uniform and effective methods of detection of counterfeits in place which make this verification easy and perfectly feasible. The ECB and the Commission, respectively, have formally recommended such methods for euro notes and coins.

Time is provided to allow these institutions to adapt their internal proceedings and upgrade their equipments (December 2009).

These checks are carried out by means of appropriately adjusted sorting machines. The adjustment of the machines is conducted using samples containing both genuine and counterfeit notes or coins. It is therefore necessary to ensure that the appropriate quantities of counterfeit notes and coins are available at the places where testing is conducted, to enable the adjustment of these machines. For this purpose it is necessary to authorise the transport of counterfeit notes and coins amongst competent national authorities as well as EU institutions and bodies. However, the transport of counterfeits for the purpose of adjustment of equipment is not at present authorised at EU level. The transport of counterfeit notes and coins even if not in due course punishable in the absence of an intention to defraud, constitutes the objective element of the offence and would thus still invite the initiation of criminal investigations. To facilitate national legal proceedings, the transport of counterfeits for the purpose of adjustment of equipment should therefore be specifically permitted.

At the time of adoption of Regulation 1338/2001, the European Technical and Scientific Centre (ETSC) was carrying out its tasks on a temporary basis at the French Mint with administrative support and management provided by the Commission but operating independently from the Commission. The ETSC was subsequently permanently established within the Commission, by Council Decision 2003/861/CE and Commission Decision 2005/37/EC. As a result it is no longer necessary to provide that the ETSC communicates data to the Commission.

Lastly, Council Regulation (EC) No 1339/2001 extends the effects of Regulation 1338/2001 to those Member States which have not adopted the euro as their single currency. Article 1 of Regulation 1339/2001 refers to the dynamic relation created between the two Regulations. As a legal consequence, the amendments proposed below, affecting Regulation 1338/2001, shall also automatically apply to non euro Member States.

Documents

Votes

Rapport Díaz de Mera García Consuegra A6-0230/2008 - résolution #

2008/06/17 Outcome: +: 625, 0: 54, -: 2
DE FR IT PL ES GB RO HU NL PT EL BG BE SE AT LT CZ SK FI DK IE LV SI CY LU EE MT ??
Total
91
68
58
51
46
70
28
24
23
22
21
17
16
18
14
13
21
13
12
13
11
7
5
5
5
4
4
1
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
246
2

Finland PPE-DE

2

Denmark PPE-DE

1

Latvia PPE-DE

2

Cyprus PPE-DE

2

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE-DE

2
icon: PSE PSE
186

Lithuania PSE

2

Czechia PSE

2

Ireland PSE

1

Estonia PSE

2

Malta PSE

2

PSE

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
88
2

Sweden ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
39

Italy Verts/ALE

2

Spain Verts/ALE

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: UEN UEN
34

Lithuania UEN

2

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
40

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: NI NI
30
2

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

6

Austria NI

2

Czechia NI

1
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
18

France IND/DEM

2

Poland IND/DEM

3

Netherlands IND/DEM

1

Greece IND/DEM

1

Sweden IND/DEM

2

Czechia IND/DEM

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark IND/DEM

Abstain (1)

1

Ireland IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Rapport Deprez A6-0499/2008 - résolution #

2008/12/16 Outcome: +: 518, 0: 32, -: 9
DE FR IT ES PL GB NL RO BE HU EL PT DK AT LT FI SE IE SK BG CZ LV CY EE SI LU MT
Total
74
58
50
39
33
64
22
19
18
17
20
14
13
12
11
11
14
10
10
8
13
7
6
6
5
4
1
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
207

Denmark PPE-DE

1
2

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Slovenia PPE-DE

3

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Malta PPE-DE

For (1)

1
icon: PSE PSE
157

Lithuania PSE

For (1)

1

Finland PSE

2

Ireland PSE

1

Slovakia PSE

1

Bulgaria PSE

2

Czechia PSE

2

Estonia PSE

3

Slovenia PSE

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
73

Spain ALDE

1

Hungary ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
34

Italy Verts/ALE

2

Spain Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Netherlands Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: UEN UEN
28

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1

Lithuania UEN

2

Ireland UEN

3

Latvia UEN

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
29

France GUE/NGL

2

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Greece GUE/NGL

3

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: NI NI
18

Italy NI

2

Slovakia NI

1
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
13

France IND/DEM

2

Poland IND/DEM

For (1)

1

United Kingdom IND/DEM

4

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Greece IND/DEM

1

Denmark IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Sweden IND/DEM

2

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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name: DEPREZ Gérard group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
committees/1
type
Former Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs
committee
LIBE
rapporteur
name: DÍAZ DE MERA GARCÍA CONSUEGRA Agustín date: 2007-11-05T00:00:00 group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
committees/1
type
Former Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs
committee
LIBE
date
2007-11-05T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: DÍAZ DE MERA GARCÍA CONSUEGRA Agustín group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
committees/3
type
Former Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Economic and Monetary Affairs
committee
ECON
rapporteur
name: DOS SANTOS Manuel date: 2007-10-23T00:00:00 group: Socialist Group in the European Parliament abbr: PSE
committees/3
type
Former Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Economic and Monetary Affairs
committee
ECON
date
2007-10-23T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: DOS SANTOS Manuel group: Socialist Group in the European Parliament abbr: PSE
docs/0/docs/0/url
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commission
  • body: EC dg: European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) commissioner: KALLAS Siim
committees
  • type: Responsible Committee body: EP associated: False committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs committee: LIBE date: 2008-12-02T00:00:00 rapporteur: name: DEPREZ Gérard group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
  • type: Former Responsible Committee body: EP associated: False committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs committee: LIBE date: 2007-11-05T00:00:00 rapporteur: name: DÍAZ DE MERA GARCÍA CONSUEGRA Agustín group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
  • type: Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON opinion: False
  • type: Former Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON date: 2007-10-23T00:00:00 rapporteur: name: DOS SANTOS Manuel group: Socialist Group in the European Parliament abbr: PSE
council
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Agriculture and Fisheries meeting_id: 2917 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2917*&MEET_DATE=18/12/2008 date: 2008-12-18T00:00:00
docs
  • date: 2007-09-17T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0525/COM_COM(2007)0525_EN.pdf title: COM(2007)0525 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2007&nu_doc=525 title: EUR-Lex type: Legislative proposal body: EC
  • date: 2007-12-17T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:52007AB0042:EN:NOT title: CON/2007/0042 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:C:2008:027:TOC title: OJ C 027 31.01.2008, p. 0001 summary: OPINION OF THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK at the request of the Council of the European Union on a proposal for a Council Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting . On 23 October 2007, the European Central Bank (ECB) received a request from the Council of the European Union for an opinion on a proposal for a Council Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting. General observations : the ECB recently issued Recommendation ECB/2006/13 on the adoption of certain measures to protect euro banknotes more effectively against counterfeiting. In that Recommendation, it takes the stance that while, generally, criminal law and the rules of criminal procedure do not fall within the competence of the Community, they may do so when necessary to ensure the effectiveness of Community law. The ECB specifically recommended that the Commission should ‘consider proposing an extension of the powers of national analysis centres for counterfeits (NACs) and of national central banks (NCBs) that are not NACs, so that they may retain identified and analysed examples of counterfeit notes and also request and legitimately transport such notes intra-EU for the purposes of testing. In principle, the ECB welcomes any use of a first pillar act adopted under the Treaty to protect the euro against counterfeiting, rather than a third pillar act based on police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters, as first pillar acts provide the only appropriate legal means for protecting the euro against counterfeiting within the framework of the Community's economic and monetary union. Specific observations : the proposed broadening of the scope of the title of Article 4 of the Regulation, so as to impose an obligation to transmit new and old classes of counterfeit notes for purposes other than identification, partially follows the ECB Recommendation. However, the proposed amendment to Article 4(2) does not prevent suspected counterfeit notes from being used or retained in criminal proceedings, thus contradicting the broadening of the scope of the title thereof and jeopardising the effectiveness of the amended provision. To ensure the protection of the euro against counterfeiting, the ECB and the NCBs should, as a rule, be entitled to receive samples of banknotes used or retained as evidence in criminal proceedings , the sole exception being when this is impossible, taking into account the quantity and type of seized counterfeits. The proposed amendment to Article 6(1) of the Regulation imposes upon ‘credit institutions, and any other institutions engaged in the sorting and distribution to the public of notes and coins as a professional activity’ the obligation to ensure that the notes and coins they receive are checked for authenticity and counterfeits are detected. While the object of the obligation is clear and desirable, the wording leaves out of its scope other organisations which operate self-service devices supplying euro banknotes to the public, even if not as a professional activity. A broader definition would thus be the most adequate solution. Moreover, the proposed Regulation adds to Article 6(3) of the Regulation a provision requiring the Member States to make the laws, regulations and administrative provisions for applying the aforementioned obligation of credit and other institutions, and to adopt them by 31 December 2009 at the latest. The ECB is of the opinion that, as the ECB and the Commission are responsible for laying down the procedures underpinning this obligation, it is the ECB and the Commission that should stipulate the deadlines for their implementation, both for practical and legal reasons. It is therefore suggested that this deadline should be deleted from the proposed Regulation. As regards the inclusion of coins under the scope of the Regulation on the same level as banknotes, the ECB would observe that this approach could have the drawback of endangering retail payment in Member States, as the technical feasibility of the proposed checking requirement for coins is yet uncertain. Lastly, as it is not completely clear whether the reference of Regulation (EC) No 1339/2001 extending the effects of Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting to those Member States which have not adopted the euro as their single currency to Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 is a dynamic one, there is a need for another proposal for a Regulation, extending to non euro area Member States the effects of the proposed Regulation, in particular as regards the amendments to Articles 4 and 5. However, in the context of the ‘procedures to be defined by the European Central Bank’ to which the proposed Regulation will include a reference in Article 6(1) of amended Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001, the ECB is best placed to decide upon the implementation of its procedures in relation to euro banknotes. In this respect and in the light of the limits of the geographic area in which the euro is legal tender, the ECB decided in July 2006 that these procedures will become effective in newly participating Member States once they adopt the euro. type: European Central Bank: opinion, guideline, report body: ECB
  • date: 2008-04-30T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE405.735 title: PE405.735 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2008-05-08T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE402.930&secondRef=02 title: PE402.930 committee: ECON type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2008-05-14T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE406.042 title: PE406.042 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2008-06-05T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-230&language=EN title: A6-0230/2008 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2008-06-17T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-280 title: T6-0280/2008 type: Text adopted by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2008-12-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-499&language=EN title: A6-0499/2008 type: Committee final report tabled for plenary, reconsultation body: EP
events
  • date: 2007-09-17T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0525/COM_COM(2007)0525_EN.pdf title: COM(2007)0525 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2007&nu_doc=525 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to amend Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting. PROPOSED ACT: Council Regulation. BACKGROUND: Council Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 requires credit institutions and any other related institutions to withdraw from circulation all euro notes and coins received by them which they know or have sufficient reason to believe to be counterfeit and hand them over to the competent national authorities. Such an obligation relates to the due diligence of credit and other relevant institutions to ensure the authenticity of euro notes and coins that they put back into circulation or the actual detection of counterfeits. While the initial Commission proposal for Regulation 1338/2001 included the obligation for these institutions to check for counterfeits this was not finally adopted mainly due to the lack of agreed uniform and effective methods for large scale authentication of euro notes and coins or for the detection of counterfeits. Following research in the methods for authenticating euro notes and coins, the ECB issued an advisory framework for the detection of counterfeit notes and the Commission adopted a Recommendation for authentication of euro coins. Discussions amongst national experts, as well as the European institutions and bodies have underlined the importance of introducing legislation requiring the verification of authenticity of circulating euro notes and coins. Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 should therefore be amended accordingly. CONTENT: the Commission believes it is important that financial institutions ensure the authenticity of euro banknotes and coins they have received before re-circulating them. Therefore it proposes to add the obligation for these institutions to check for counterfeits. There are already agreed uniform and effective methods of detection of counterfeits in place which make this verification easy and perfectly feasible. The ECB and the Commission, respectively, have formally recommended such methods for euro notes and coins. Time is provided to allow these institutions to adapt their internal proceedings and upgrade their equipments (December 2009). These checks are carried out by means of appropriately adjusted sorting machines. The adjustment of the machines is conducted using samples containing both genuine and counterfeit notes or coins. It is therefore necessary to ensure that the appropriate quantities of counterfeit notes and coins are available at the places where testing is conducted, to enable the adjustment of these machines. For this purpose it is necessary to authorise the transport of counterfeit notes and coins amongst competent national authorities as well as EU institutions and bodies. However, the transport of counterfeits for the purpose of adjustment of equipment is not at present authorised at EU level. The transport of counterfeit notes and coins even if not in due course punishable in the absence of an intention to defraud, constitutes the objective element of the offence and would thus still invite the initiation of criminal investigations. To facilitate national legal proceedings, the transport of counterfeits for the purpose of adjustment of equipment should therefore be specifically permitted. At the time of adoption of Regulation 1338/2001, the European Technical and Scientific Centre (ETSC) was carrying out its tasks on a temporary basis at the French Mint with administrative support and management provided by the Commission but operating independently from the Commission. The ETSC was subsequently permanently established within the Commission, by Council Decision 2003/861/CE and Commission Decision 2005/37/EC. As a result it is no longer necessary to provide that the ETSC communicates data to the Commission. Lastly, Council Regulation (EC) No 1339/2001 extends the effects of Regulation 1338/2001 to those Member States which have not adopted the euro as their single currency. Article 1 of Regulation 1339/2001 refers to the dynamic relation created between the two Regulations. As a legal consequence, the amendments proposed below, affecting Regulation 1338/2001, shall also automatically apply to non euro Member States.
  • date: 2007-11-29T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2008-05-29T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP summary: The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted the report by Agustín DÍAZ DE MERA GARCÍA CONSUEGRA (EPP-ED, ES) amending, under the consultation procedure, the proposal for a Council regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the Euro against counterfeiting. The main amendments approved by the committee responsible can be summarised as follows: Other types of establishment : MEPs hope to extend the scope of the proposal to other types of establishment in addition to large credit institutions to ensure that all institutions and economic agents involved in the sorting and distribution of Euro notes and coins to the public, either directly or via cash distribution machines (this shall include bureaux de change, large shopping centres and casinos), check the authenticity of Euro notes and coins in circulation; Small and medium-sized traders : MEPs distinguish from large credit institutions and “other establishments”, small retailers operating on small or medium-sized premises. While these retailers are able to meet the obligation of verifying the authenticity of Euro notes and coins in accordance with the procedures established by the ECB and the Commission, they do not have the necessary means to do so, which is why MEPs consider that the only obligation for these retailers is to ‘act with due diligence’ by withdrawing from circulation any Euro notes and coins which they have sufficient reason to believe to be counterfeit; Cash transporters : MEPs also extend the provision for the verification and withdrawal of Euro notes and coins to cash transporters but only if they have direct access to the notes and coins concerned; Passing on counterfeit money to the competent authorities : for the purpose of facilitating the control for authenticity of circulating Euro notes (and when the quantity seized so permits), an adequate number of counterfeit Euro shall be transmitted to the competent national bodies, even when these constitute evidence in criminal proceedings (for the purpose of calibrating and adjusting Euro-note authentification equipment); Non-Euro countries : MEPs state that, in Member States which do not use the Euro, a control procedure shall be laid down for the purpose of checking the authenticity of Euro notes and coins used by the institutions referred to in the regulation (credit institutions, ‘other establishments’ and ‘small and medium-sized traders’ which shall be obliged to withdraw from circulation all Euro notes and coins which they suspect to be counterfeit); Implementation : MEPs consider that the regulation should enter into force on 31 December 2011 and not on 31 December 2009 as planned by the Commission, in order to give Member States time to adapt; Raise awareness of the risks posed by counterfeiting : lastly, MEPs add a new paragraph to the proposal calling for the creation and promotion of training and information activities (information booklets, training seminars) for citizens and consumers concerning the risks posed by counterfeiting, the basic security measures and the appropriate authorities to be contacted by those who come into possession of suspected counterfeit notes and/or coins.
  • date: 2008-06-05T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-230&language=EN title: A6-0230/2008
  • date: 2008-06-17T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-280 title: T6-0280/2008
  • date: 2008-10-24T00:00:00 type: Amended legislative proposal for reconsultation published body: EC docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=14533%2F08&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 14533/2008 summary: On 17 September 2007, the Commission submitted to the European Parliament and the Council a proposal for a Council Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting (please refer to the summary dated 17/09/2007 in this procedure file). The Commission proposal is based on Article 123(4) of the EC Treaty and the European Parliament delivered its opinion on 17 June 2008. Following the discussions held on its proposal within the Council, the Commission suggested adding Article 308 of the Treaty as a legal basis . In this context, the Working Party on Combating Fraud reached agreement on the present regulation and the parallel regulation on the extension of measures provided for Member States which have not adopted the euro as their single currency (see CNS/2007/0192B ). In addition to the change of legal basis, the Commission proposal has been reviewed in the following areas: - obliging credit institutions and any other related institutions to withdraw from circulation all euro notes and coins received by them which they know or have sufficient reason to believe to be counterfeit and hand them over to the competent national authorities; - ensuring that circulating euro notes and coins are authentic: to that end, credit institutions, other payment service providers and other economic agents involved in the processing and distribution of notes and coins should check the authenticity of the euro notes and coins they receive before they put them back into circulation, except where they come from other establishments or persons themselves subject to obligatory checks or where they have been taken from the authorities authorised to issue them. Other economic agents, such as traders and casinos, should also be subject to these obligations where they supply, on a secondary basis, automated teller machines (cash dispensers), but they may not be involved beyond these secondary activities. In order to comply with the obligation to check for authenticity, these economic agents nevertheless need time to adapt their internal functioning; - ensuring the appropriate adjustment of equipment is a prerequisite for checking the authenticity of euro notes and coins. In order to adjust the equipment used for the checks for authenticity it is essential that the necessary quantities of counterfeit notes and coins are available at the places where testing is conducted. It is, therefore, important to permit the transporting of counterfeit notes and coins between competent national authorities as well as institutions and bodies of the European Union. The European Parliament needs to be consulted again.
  • date: 2008-11-12T00:00:00 type: Formal reconsultation of Parliament body: EP/CSL
  • date: 2008-12-02T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP summary: The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted the report drafted by Gérard DEPREZ (ALDE, BE) approving, without amendment (renewed consultation), the draft Council Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting, as amended by the Council.
  • date: 2008-12-11T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, reconsultation body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-499&language=EN title: A6-0499/2008
  • date: 2008-12-16T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=16503&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2008-12-16T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-588 title: T6-0588/2008 summary: The European Parliament adopted, by 518 votes to 9 with 32 abstentions and, on a renewed consultation, adopted a legislative resolution under the consultation procedure approving the Council's draft for a Council Regulation amending Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting. The report had been tabled for consideration in plenary by Gérard DEPREZ (ALDE, BE) on behalf of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs.
  • date: 2008-12-18T00:00:00 type: Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament body: EP/CSL
  • date: 2008-12-18T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2009-01-22T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: to amend Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting. LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2009 amending Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting. CONTENT: to recall, Council Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 requires credit institutions and any other related institutions to withdraw from circulation all euro notes and coins received by them which they know or have sufficient reason to believe to be counterfeit and hand them over to the competent national authorities. It is important to ensure that circulating euro notes and coins are authentic. To that end, credit institutions, other payment service providers and other economic agents involved in the processing and distribution of notes and coins should check the authenticity of the euro notes and coins they receive before they put them back into circulation. Other economic agents, such as traders and casinos, should also be subject to these obligations where they supply, on a secondary basis, automated teller machines (cash dispensers), but they may not be involved beyond these secondary activities. In order to comply with the obligation to check for authenticity, these economic agents nevertheless need time to adapt their internal functioning. As regards notes, the procedures laid down for Member States which have adopted the euro as a single currency may also cover the suitability of the checked notes for circulation. Appropriate adjustment of the equipment is a prerequisite for checking the authenticity of euro notes and coins. In order to adjust the equipment used for the checks for authenticity it is essential that the necessary quantities of counterfeit notes and coins are available at the places where testing is conducted. It is, therefore, appropriate to permit the transporting of counterfeit notes and coins between competent national authorities as well as institutions and bodies of the European Union. This Regulation amends Regulation (EC) No 1338/2001 laying down measures necessary for the protection of the euro against counterfeiting as follows: Obligation to transmit counterfeit coins : the Regulation stipulates that for the purpose of facilitating the checking for authenticity of circulating euro coins, the transporting of counterfeit coins between the competent national authorities as well as the institutions and bodies of the European Union shall be permitted. During transportation, the counterfeit notes shall be accompanied at all times by transport orders received for that purpose from the abovementioned authorities, institutions and bodies. Classification of coins : the ETSC shall analyse and classify every new type of counterfeit euro coin. To that end, the ETSC shall have access to the technical and statistical data stored at the ECB on counterfeit euro coins. The ETSC shall communicate the relevant final results of its analysis to the competent national authorities and, according to its areas of responsibility, to the European Central Bank. Obligations relating to credit institutions engaged in the processing and distribution to the public of notes and coins : credit institutions, and, within the limits of their payment activity, other payment service providers, and any other institutions engaged in the processing and distribution to the public of notes and coins, including: (i) establishments whose activity consists in exchanging notes and coins of different currencies, such as bureaux de change ; (ii) transporters of funds ; (iii) other economic agents such as traders and casinos engaged on a secondary basis in the processing and distribution to the public of notes via automated teller machines (cash dispensers), within the limit of these secondary activities, shall be obliged to ensure that euro notes and coins which they have received and which they intend to put back into circulation are checked for authenticity and that counterfeits are detected. For euro notes, this check shall be carried out in line with procedures defined by the ECB. The institutions and economic agents referred to in the Regulation shall be obliged to withdraw from circulation all euro notes and coins received by them which they know or have sufficient reason to believe to be counterfeit. They shall immediately hand them over to the competent national authorities. Non-euro Member States : in Member States that do not have the euro as their single currency, checks on the authenticity of euro notes and coins shall be carried out either by trained personnel, or by a machine for handling banknotes and coins that is on the list published by the European Central Bank, for banknotes, or by the Commission, in the case of coins. APPLICATION: 31.12.2011. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 23.01.2009. docs: title: Regulation 2009/44 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32009R0044 title: OJ L 017 22.01.2009, p. 0001 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2009:017:TOC title: Corrigendum to final act 32009R0044R(01) url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&model=guicheti&numdoc=32009R0044R(01) title: OJ L 104 23.04.2015, p. 0052 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2015:104:TOC
links
National parliaments
European Commission
procedure
reference
2007/0192A(CNS)
title
Euro: protection against counterfeiting
subject
type
CNS - Consultation procedure
subtype
Legislation
instrument
legal_basis
EC Treaty (after Amsterdam) EC 123-p4
stage_reached
Procedure completed
dossier_of_the_committee
LIBE/6/69735
final