BETA


2015/2066(INI) Tax rulings and other measures similar in nature or effect

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead TAXE FERREIRA Elisa (icon: S&D S&D), THEURER Michael (icon: ALDE ALDE) HÜBNER Danuta Maria (icon: PPE PPE), MESSERSCHMIDT Morten (icon: ECR ECR), LAMBERTS Philippe (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), ZANNI Marco (icon: EFDD EFDD)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 207

Events

2016/05/03
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2015/11/25
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2015/11/25
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 508 votes to 108, with 85 abstentions a resolution on tax rulings and other measures similar in nature or effect.

To recall, the LuxLeaks scandal, which erupted on 5 November 2014, revealed the extent of the use of secret deals featuring complex financial structures designed to obtain drastic tax reductions. In many cases Luxembourg subsidiaries handling hundreds of millions of euros in business maintained little presence and conduct little economic activity in Luxembourg.

The scandal brought public and media attention to those issues, disclosing questionable tax practices promoted by accountancy firms in one specific Member State. Members noted the Commission’s investigations and the work carried out by Parliament through its special committee had shown that this was not the only case, but that taking tax measures to reduce some large corporations’ overall tax liabilities so as to artificially increase the national tax base at the expense of other countries, some of which were subject to austerity measures, was a practice that was widespread within Europe and beyond.

Parliament considered that subjecting these practices to public scrutiny was part of democratic control.

It discussed corporate tax practices and aggressive tax planning, and noted the following:

owing to the great diversity of the 28 tax systems in the EU, as regards both the definition of the tax base and the level of the tax rate, basic notions, such as the balance between source and residence taxation, permanent establishment and taxable entities, and the treatment of debt and equity, were not subject to any joint definition or guidelines in the EU, leaving Member States with uncoordinated tax systems. Members stressed that it was necessary to harmonise these definitions ; tax avoidance by some multinational corporations (MNCs) can result in close-to-zero effective tax rates for the profits generated in European jurisdictions , highlighting the fact that such MNCs, while benefiting from various public goods and services where they operate, do not pay their fair share; the possibility of shifting profits is only available to companies undertaking cross-border activities which penalises competitors only active in one country; corporate tax avoidance means that some of those taxpayers with the highest ability to pay contribute significantly less than those most affected by the economic, financial and debt crisis, such as ordinary citizens and firms not using aggressive tax planning; research by the IMF covering 51 countries concludes that profit shifting between tax jurisdictions results in an average revenue loss of about 5 % of current corporate income tax revenue – but of almost 13 % in non-OECD countries; despite the significant number of legal disputes in the EU stemming from differing interpretations of the same transfer pricing principles, no efficient dispute resolution mechanism is in place at European level.

Bearing this in mind, Parliament made the following recommendations:

Tax gap : Parliament called on the Commission to more thoroughly address corporate taxation issues, including harmful tax practices and their impact, in the framework of the European Semester and for relevant indicators, including estimates of the tax gap arising from tax evasion and tax avoidance, to be included in the macroeconomic imbalance procedure.

Cooperation and coordination on advance tax rulings : Parliament deplored the content of the political agreement of 6 October 2015 within the Council, which falls short of the Commission’s legislative proposal of March 2015 amending Directive 2011/16/EU as regards mandatory automatic exchange of information in the field of taxation. It called on the Council to stick to the Commission’s proposal and take due account of the Parliament’s opinion thereon, in particular as regards: (i) the scope of the directive (all tax rulings instead of cross-border only), (ii) the retroactivity period (all tax rulings still valid should be exchanged) and (iii) the information provided to the Commission, which should have access to the tax rulings.

Parliament reiterated its position that MNCs in all sectors should disclose comprehensibly in their financial statements, broken down by Member State and by third country in which they have an establishment, a range of aggregate information, including their profit or loss before tax, taxes on profit or loss, number of employees, assets held, basic information about tax rulings (country-by-country reporting).

Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB) : whilst welcoming the action plan proposed by the Commission on 17 June 2015 to address tax avoidance, the report called on the Commission to speed up work on a compulsory EU-wide Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB), which would address not only the issue of preferential regimes and mismatches between national tax systems, but also most of the issues leading to tax base erosion at European level (in particular transfer pricing issues). It also called on the Commission to:

include in its proposals provisions aimed at clarifying the definition of R&D investments and of permanent establishment in line with economic substance, covering the digital economy. In this connection, Parliament stressed the problems with aggressive tax planning involving patent boxes , noting that the existing evidence shows that patent boxes do not help in spurring innovation and can lead to major base erosion through profit shifting; restore the link between taxation and economic substance and to ensure that taxes are paid in the countries where actual economic activity and value creation take place; consider carefully Parliament’s position on CCCBT and to adopt a formula apportionment which reflects the real economic activities of companies; take immediate action in order to ensure effective taxation, reduce profit shifting (mainly through transfer pricing); prepare an interim regime offsetting cross-border profits and losses, which should be temporary in nature and with sufficient guarantees that it will not create any further opportunity for aggressive tax planning, and further introduce anti-abuse rules in all relevant directives; issue clear legislation on the definition of economic substance, value creation and permanent establishment, with a view to tackling the issue of letterbox companies.

State aid : Parliament underlined the fact that some harmful tax practices may fall within the scope of tax-related state aid rules, in so far as that they can, grant ‘selective’ advantage and entail distortions of competition within the internal market. In this regard, it called on the Commission to:

adopt new guidelines, at the latest by mid-2017, in the framework of its State Aid Modernisation initiative, clarifying what constitutes tax-related state aid and ‘appropriate’ transfer pricing , with a view to removing legal uncertainties for both compliant taxpayers and tax administrations; extend its investigations to other MNCs mentioned in the LuxLeaks scandal and to measures similar in nature or effect to transfer pricing; consider setting up a network of national tax administrations to exchange best practices and more consistently contribute to preventing the introduction of any tax measures that might constitute illegal state aid. modify the existing rules to ensure that sanctions can be adopted against the relevant countries and companies in case of breach of state aid rules.

Code of Conduct Group : Parliament deplored the fact that the work of the Code of Conduct Group on Business Taxation work seems to have lost momentum, noting that tax authorities have countered the Group’s recommendations by creating new structures with the same harmful effects as those rolled back by the Group.

Members called for an urgent reform of the Code of Conduct on business taxation and of the Group responsible for its enforcement, given that, to date it has proved to be of questionable value. The reform should aim to address both real obstacles currently in the way of effectively tackling harmful tax practices and an EU-wide coordination and cooperation on tax policy.

Protection of whistleblowers : Parliament called on the Commission to propose, by June 2016, an EU legislative framework for the effective protection of whistleblowers and the like . It stressed that it is not acceptable that citizens and journalists can be subject to prosecution rather than legal protection when, acting in the public interest, they report suspected illegal activity, in particular in cases of tax avoidance, tax evasion and money laundering. The Commission was asked to consider a range of tools for ensuring such protection against unjustified legal prosecution, economic sanctions and discrimination.

Exchange of information : Parliament found that Member States did not comply with the obligations set out in Council Directives 77/799/EEC and 2011/16/EU on enhanced administrative cooperation in the field of taxation. Member States did not and continue not to spontaneously exchange tax information , even in cases where there were clear grounds, for expecting that there may be tax losses in other Member States, or that tax savings may result from artificial transfers of profits within groups. Parliament deplored the fact that the current legislative and monitoring framework for the exchange of information about tax measures is not effective, and that practically no Member State exchanges any information which may have an effect on partner countries of the EU. It took the view that, among other things, a comprehensive, transparent and effective automatic exchange of tax information and a mandatory common consolidated corporate tax base are essential preconditions for achieving a tax system at EU level that complies with and preserves the basic principles of the internal market. The Commission is asked to use all the tools at its disposal to foster a more coordinated approach vis-à-vis developed countries in order to promote greater reciprocity in tax matters.

Tax havens : Members discussed the shifting of profits to low- or no-tax or secrecy jurisdictions where, often, no substantial economic activity takes place, deploring the lack of a coordinated approach on the part of the Member States vis-à-vis all those jurisdictions. They called on the Commission to:

continue its work on the development and adoption of a European definition, a common set of criteria to identify tax havens, independently of their location, and appropriate sanctions for countries cooperating with them; include in the European black list those territories that grant fiscal advantages to entities without requiring substantial economic activity in the country, provide significantly low effective taxation and do not guarantee automatic exchange of tax information with other jurisdictions; ensure that EU bodies not to cooperate with those jurisdictions deemed to be uncooperative on tax matters, nor with companies convicted of tax fraud, tax evasion or aggressive tax planning.

European Taxpayer Identification Number : lastly, Parliament called on the Commission to put forward a proposal for a European Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) based on the outline for a European TIN in the Commission’s Action Plan on the fight against tax fraud and tax evasion of 2012.

Documents
2015/11/25
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2015/11/24
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2015/11/05
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Details

The European Parliament’s Special Committee on Tax Rulings adopted a report by the co-rapporteurs Elisa Ferreira (S&D, PT) and Michael Theurer (ALDE, DE) on tax rulings and other measures similar in nature or effect.

To recall, the LuxLeaks scandal , which erupted on 5 November 2014, revealed the extent of the use of secret deals featuring complex financial structures designed to obtain drastic tax reductions. The scandal brought public and media attention to those issues, disclosing questionable tax practices promoted by accountancy firms in one specific Member State. Members noted the Commission’s investigations and the work carried out by Parliament through its special committee had shown that this was not the only case, but that taking tax measures to reduce some large corporations’ overall tax liabilities so as to artificially increase the national tax base at the expense of other countries, some of which were subject to austerity measures, was a practice that was widespread within Europe and beyond.

Bearing this mind, the Special Committee made the following recommendations:

Place of taxation: Members noted that aggressive tax planning by multinational corporations (MNCs) often result in disconnection between where value is created and where profits are taxed . They called on Member States to respect the principle of profits taxation in the place they are generated , stressing that new entrants and firms, including SMEs, that do not use aggressive tax practices are penalised as compared with multinationals, which are able to shift profits only by virtue of their size and their ability to arrange business internationally. The Special Committee noted with concern that, all other things being equal, the resulting lower tax liabilities leave multinational corporations (MNCs) with a higher post-tax profit and thereby create an uneven playing field with their competitors on the single market . This distortion of a level playing field in favour of multinationals contradicts the fundamental principle of the single market. The report called on the Member States to:

put an end to harmful tax competition and fully cooperate in order to eliminate mismatches between tax systems and harmful tax measures which create the conditions for massive tax avoidance by MNCs and tax base erosion within the internal market; notify the Commission and other Member States about any relevant changes to their corporate taxation law that could have an impact on their effective tax rates or on any other Member State’s tax revenue; make new clear political commitments to taking urgent action to tackle this situation , which can no longer be tolerated, not least because of its impact on national budgets , which are already subjected to fiscal consolidation measures, and on the tax contributions of other taxpayers, including SMEs and citizens. Members stressed, in this context, that it intends to play its role fully and is ready to put in place more effective.

Cooperation and coordination on advance tax rulings: the report deplored the content of the political agreement of 6 October 2015 within the Council, which falls short of the Commission’s legislative proposal of March 2015 amending Directive 2011/16/EU as regards mandatory automatic exchange of information in the field of taxation. It called on the Council to stick to the Commission’s proposal and take due account of the Parliament’s opinion thereon, in particular as regards: (i) the scope of the directive (all tax rulings instead of cross-border only), (ii) the retroactivity period (all tax rulings still valid should be exchanged) and (iii) the information provided to the Commission, which should have access to the tax rulings.

The Special Committee considered that the basic elements of all rulings that have an impact on other Member States should be not only shared between tax administrations and the Commission, but also presented in the country-by-country reporting by MNCs.

Transparency: Members felt that increased transparency regarding the activities of multinational companies is essential for ensuring that tax administrations are able to efficiently combat Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS). All MNCs in all sectors should disclose in their financial statements, broken down by Member State and by third country in which they have an establishment, a range of aggregate information, including their profit or loss before tax, taxes on profit or loss, number of employees, assets held, basic information about tax rulings (country-by-country reporting). This information should be made available to the public, possibly in the form of a central EU register.

Member States are asked to implement a more extensive country-by-country reporting system available to tax authorities, building on the OECD standard and including more detailed information, such as tax returns and intra-group transactions.

Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB): whilst welcoming the action plan proposed by the Commission on 17 June 2015 to address tax avoidance, the report called on the Commission to speed up work on a compulsory EU-wide Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB), which would address not only the issue of preferential regimes and mismatches between national tax systems, but also most of the issues leading to tax base erosion at European level (in particular transfer pricing issues). Pending the adoption of a full CCCTB and its full implementation at EU level, the Commission was asked, inter alia, to:

take immediate action in order to ensure effective taxation, reduce profit shifting (mainly through transfer pricing); prepare an interim regime offsetting cross-border profits and losses, which should be temporary in nature and with sufficient guarantees that it will not create any further opportunity for aggressive tax planning, and further introduce anti-abuse rules in all relevant directives;

The Commission should also issue clear legislation on the definition of economic substance , value creation and permanent establishment , with a view to tackling the issue of letterbox companies, and to develop EU criteria and legislation for the treatment of R&D.

State aid: in this regard, Members called on the Commission to:

adopt new guidelines, at the latest by mid-2017, in the framework of its State Aid Modernisation initiative, clarifying what constitutes tax-related state aid and ‘appropriate’ transfer pricing, with a view to removing legal uncertainties for both compliant taxpayers and tax administrations; extend its investigations to other MNCs mentioned in the LuxLeaks scandal and to measures similar in nature or effect to transfer pricing; consider setting up a network of national tax administrations to exchange best practices and more consistently contribute to preventing the introduction of any tax measures that might constitute illegal state aid.

Code of Conduct on business taxation: Members called for an urgent reform of the Code of Conduct on business taxation and of the Group responsible for its enforcement, given that, to date it has proved to be of questionable value. The reform should aim to address both real obstacles currently in the way of effectively tackling harmful tax practices and an EU-wide coordination and cooperation on tax policy.

Protection of whistleblowers: the report called on the Commission to propose, by June 2016, an EU legislative framework for the effective protection of whistleblowers and the like. It stressed that it is not acceptable that citizens and journalists can be subject to prosecution rather than legal protection when, acting in the public interest, they report suspected illegal activity, in particular in cases of tax avoidance, tax evasion and money laundering. The Commission was asked to consider a range of tools for ensuring such protection against unjustified legal prosecution, economic sanctions and discrimination.

Documents
2015/10/26
   EP - Vote in committee
2015/10/06
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/09/25
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/09/24
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/09/23
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/07/20
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2015/03/25
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2015/03/09
   EP - FERREIRA Elisa (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in TAXE
2015/03/09
   EP - THEURER Michael (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in TAXE

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0317/2015 - Elisa Ferreira et Michael Theurer - § 17 #

2015/11/25 Outcome: +: 524, -: 140, 0: 38
DE IT ES FR RO PT HU EL BG BE FI AT LT HR NL SI PL EE SK SE CZ LU DK LV ?? MT CY IE GB
Total
89
69
48
70
28
21
19
19
17
21
13
18
11
11
25
8
47
6
12
17
19
5
8
8
1
6
5
9
71
icon: PPE PPE
205
2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

Abstain (1)

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

PPE

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
176
3

Croatia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
3

Latvia S&D

1

Malta S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
66

Romania ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Czechia ALDE

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4

Luxembourg ALDE

Abstain (1)

1

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2

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
46

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

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1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

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1

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1

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2

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1

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1

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3

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For (1)

1

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1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

Abstain (2)

6
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
47

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

4

Finland GUE/NGL

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1

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3

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1

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2

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3

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1
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13

Germany NI

2

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3

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2

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1

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44

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35

Romania ENF

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3

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69

Italy ECR

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1

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1

Netherlands ECR

2

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2

Denmark ECR

2

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

A8-0317/2015 - Elisa Ferreira et Michael Theurer - § 29/2 #

2015/11/25 Outcome: +: 551, -: 142, 0: 11
DE FR IT ES RO PT HU BG BE EL AT LT FI HR SE SI NL PL SK EE LU DK LV CZ ?? CY MT IE GB
Total
89
70
69
48
28
21
20
17
21
19
18
11
13
11
17
8
25
47
13
6
5
8
8
19
1
5
6
9
71
icon: PPE PPE
205
2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

PPE

Against (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
178

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
66

Romania ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Sweden ALDE

Against (1)

3

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

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1

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4

Ireland ALDE

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
46

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

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2

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3

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1

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2

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1

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1

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1

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6
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
47

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

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1

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3

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2

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3

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1
icon: ENF ENF
35

Romania ENF

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Poland ENF

2

United Kingdom ENF

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1
icon: NI NI
13

Germany NI

For (1)

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2

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1

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icon: EFDD EFDD
44

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1

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1
icon: ECR ECR
69

Italy ECR

2

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2

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1

Czechia ECR

2

A8-0317/2015 - Elisa Ferreira et Michael Theurer - § 38/1 #

2015/11/25 Outcome: +: 540, 0: 81, -: 79
DE IT ES RO PL FR GB BE BG PT HU NL CZ SK FI SE HR LT AT DK SI LV IE EE LU EL MT ?? CY
Total
87
69
48
28
47
70
71
21
17
21
20
25
19
13
13
16
11
11
18
8
8
7
9
6
5
19
6
1
5
icon: PPE PPE
205
2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

PPE

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
175

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
65

Romania ALDE

2

Croatia ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
69

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2
2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Denmark ECR

2

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
46

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

Against (2)

Abstain (1)

6

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
47

Italy GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: NI NI
13

Germany NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

3

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

1

Hungary NI

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
44

Poland EFDD

1

France EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Lithuania EFDD

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
35

Romania ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

2

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

A8-0317/2015 - Elisa Ferreira et Michael Theurer - § 38/2 #

2015/11/25 Outcome: +: 507, -: 113, 0: 71
DE IT FR ES RO HU PT BG AT NL BE FI CZ SE LT HR SI EL PL SK EE LU LV DK MT ?? CY IE GB
Total
87
68
68
48
28
20
21
17
18
25
20
13
19
16
11
11
8
19
46
11
6
5
7
8
6
1
5
9
69
icon: PPE PPE
203
2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

PPE

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
175

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1
3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Malta S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
64

Romania ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
46

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

Against (2)

Abstain (1)

6
icon: NI NI
13

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

2

France NI

Against (1)

3

Hungary NI

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
47

Italy GUE/NGL

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
42

France EFDD

Against (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: ENF ENF
34

Romania ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3

Poland ENF

2

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
66

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Finland ECR

Against (1)

2

Czechia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Denmark ECR

2

A8-0317/2015 - Elisa Ferreira et Michael Theurer - § 38/3 #

2015/11/25 Outcome: +: 635, -: 45, 0: 17
DE FR IT ES PL RO GB BE HU PT BG NL SE CZ EL AT FI SK LT HR LV SI IE DK LU EE MT ?? CY
Total
89
70
69
45
47
27
70
21
20
21
17
25
17
19
19
18
13
13
11
11
8
8
9
7
5
5
6
1
5
icon: PPE PPE
201
2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

PPE

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
177

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2
icon: ECR ECR
69

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1
2

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Denmark ECR

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
65

Romania ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
46

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

Against (2)

Abstain (1)

6

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
47

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

4

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: ENF ENF
35

Poland ENF

2

Romania ENF

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

3
icon: NI NI
13

Germany NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

1

Hungary NI

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
43

France EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

A8-0317/2015 - Elisa Ferreira et Michael Theurer - § 38/4 #

2015/11/25 Outcome: +: 522, -: 154, 0: 23
DE IT ES RO FR PT HU BG BE SE FI AT EL HR LT SI PL SK CZ EE NL LU DK LV ?? CY MT IE GB
Total
88
68
48
29
69
21
19
17
21
17
13
18
19
11
11
8
47
13
19
6
25
4
8
8
1
5
6
9
70
icon: PPE PPE
203