BETA


2018/0133(NLE) Collection of own resources accruing from value added tax

Progress: Awaiting committee decision

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead BUDG FERNANDES José Manuel (icon: EPP EPP), HAYER Valerie (icon: Renew Renew) GUALMINI Elisabetta (icon: S&D S&D), CORMAND David (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), LAPORTE Hélène (icon: ID ID), ZĪLE Roberts (icon: ECR ECR), OMARJEE Younous (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), PAPADIMOULIS Dimitrios (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Former Responsible Committee BUDG LEWANDOWSKI Janusz (icon: PPE PPE), DEPREZ Gérard (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Committee Opinion ECON
Former Committee Opinion ECON
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 322-p2

Events

2019/10/10
   EP - FERNANDES José Manuel (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2019/10/10
   EP - HAYER Valerie (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2018/10/24
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2018/10/09
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2018/10/09
   CofA - Court of Auditors: opinion, report
Details

Opinion No 5/2018 of the Court of Auditors .

The financing system for the EU budget has not been significantly reformed since 1988. The Commission has proposed changing this financing system for the future budget under the 2021-2027 Multi-annual Financial Framework (MFF) by:

- reforming existing own resources, which will make up 87 % of EU revenue: keeping TOR but with lower rate of collection costs, maintaining the GNI-based own resource and simplifying the own resource based on VAT;

- introducing a ‘basket’ of three new own resources, which together will make up 12 % of EU revenue: one based on the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB), one based on the European Union (EU) Emissions Trading System (ETS) and one based on plastic packaging waste that is not recycled;

- phasing out the corrections that exist in the current system;

- increasing the ceilings for own resources to overcome the impact of Brexit and the integration of European Development Fund (EDF) into the EU budget, as well as to cover financial liabilities linked to loans or financial facilities guaranteed from the EU budget.

Assessment

The proposed new EU financing system took on board a number of the key principles of the reform, but not all and the financing system remains complex. It is of the opinion that a single regulation with a comprehensive set of own resources provisions would simplify the system and make it more transparent.

The Court of Auditors considers that the proposed simplified VAT-based own resource includes assumptions on standard-rated transactions that do not adhere to some of the calculation steps described by the Commission.

The proposed simplification is based on three steps:

- Step 1: focusing on supplies which are subject to the VAT standard rate;

- Step 2: streamlining the procedure for calculating VAT bases by using simplified assumptions based on the standard-rated receipts;

- Step 3: applying a uniform call rate on the standard-rated bases to obtain the own resource.

The examination of the proposed methodology reveals that the assumptions used by the Commission to calculate the simplified VAT contributions do not adhere to the above steps (1) and (2).

The Court criticised the VAT-based own resource for the complexity of its calculation and its lack of direct link to the tax base. The Commission’s new proposal for the VAT-based own resource simplifies the calculation, but still does not provide any direct link to the tax base. Such a link could, however, be obtained by applying a call rate directly to the VAT receipts.

Recommendations

The Commission should reconsider its proposal for the simplified VAT-based own resource. Should it decide to keep this source of revenue, it could:

- either clarify that the simplifications proposed do not lead to the calculation of the VAT contributions based on the standard-rated taxable bases,

- or introduce a new source of revenue based only on VAT receipts.

2018/07/03
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2018/06/26
   CZ_CHAMBER - Contribution
Documents
2018/05/31
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2018/05/16
   EP - LEWANDOWSKI Janusz (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2018/05/16
   EP - DEPREZ Gérard (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2018/05/02
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to simplify the arrangements for the collection of own resources accruing from value added tax.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Regulation.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion.

BACKGROUND: this proposal constitutes an integral part of the reform of the own resources system as set out in the proposal for a Council Decision on the system of own resources of the European Union.

The proposal draws on past experiences in administering own resources and aims to simplify the calculation of the own resource based on value added tax. It also streamlines the practical arrangements.

CONTENT: the aim of the proposal is to simplify considerably the own resources aspects of value added tax by amending Regulation (EEC, Euratom) No 1553/89 . It now focuses on standard-rated supplies (so the weighted average rate will not be needed), while the number of corrections are reduced to an absolute minimum and the financial compensations have been removed.

For the sake of simplicity and transparency, and in order to reduce administrative burden, the standard rated value added tax own resource should be calculated on the basis of a common Union share of standard rated transactions. That share should represent the average of the lowest shares of standard rated supplies to final consumption in Member States over a period of five years that has been calculated using national accounts and fiscal data approved by the Advisory Committee on Own Resources.

The arrangements for calculating the standard rated value added tax own resource base should be determined in a uniform manner starting from actually collected receipts for every given calendar year as the sole definitive method for determining the standard rated value added tax own resource base.

Documents

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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        • date: 2018-05-02T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0328/COM_COM(2018)0328_EN.pdf title: COM(2018)0328 type: Legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52018PC0328:EN body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/secretariat-general_en title: Secretariat-General Commissioner: OETTINGER Günther type: Legislative proposal published
        • date: 2018-05-31T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: BUDG date: 2018-05-16T00:00:00 2018-05-16T00:00:00 committee_full: Budgets rapporteur: group: EPP name: LEWANDOWSKI Janusz group: ALDE name: DEPREZ Gérard body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON
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        • date: 2018-10-09T00:00:00 docs: url: https://dm.cor.europa.eu/CORDocumentSearch/Pages/redresults.aspx?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:2389)(documentyear:2018)(documentlanguage:EN) title: CDR2389/2018 type: Committee of the Regions: opinion body: CofR
        • date: 2018-10-09T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:C:2018:431:TOC title: OJ C 431 29.11.2018, p. 0001 title: N8-0011/2019 summary: Opinion No 5/2018 of the Court of Auditors . The financing system for the EU budget has not been significantly reformed since 1988. The Commission has proposed changing this financing system for the future budget under the 2021-2027 Multi-annual Financial Framework (MFF) by: - reforming existing own resources, which will make up 87 % of EU revenue: keeping TOR but with lower rate of collection costs, maintaining the GNI-based own resource and simplifying the own resource based on VAT; - introducing a ‘basket’ of three new own resources, which together will make up 12 % of EU revenue: one based on the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB), one based on the European Union (EU) Emissions Trading System (ETS) and one based on plastic packaging waste that is not recycled; - phasing out the corrections that exist in the current system; - increasing the ceilings for own resources to overcome the impact of Brexit and the integration of European Development Fund (EDF) into the EU budget, as well as to cover financial liabilities linked to loans or financial facilities guaranteed from the EU budget. Assessment The proposed new EU financing system took on board a number of the key principles of the reform, but not all and the financing system remains complex. It is of the opinion that a single regulation with a comprehensive set of own resources provisions would simplify the system and make it more transparent. The Court of Auditors considers that the proposed simplified VAT-based own resource includes assumptions on standard-rated transactions that do not adhere to some of the calculation steps described by the Commission. The proposed simplification is based on three steps: - Step 1: focusing on supplies which are subject to the VAT standard rate; - Step 2: streamlining the procedure for calculating VAT bases by using simplified assumptions based on the standard-rated receipts; - Step 3: applying a uniform call rate on the standard-rated bases to obtain the own resource. The examination of the proposed methodology reveals that the assumptions used by the Commission to calculate the simplified VAT contributions do not adhere to the above steps (1) and (2). The Court criticised the VAT-based own resource for the complexity of its calculation and its lack of direct link to the tax base. The Commission’s new proposal for the VAT-based own resource simplifies the calculation, but still does not provide any direct link to the tax base. Such a link could, however, be obtained by applying a call rate directly to the VAT receipts. Recommendations The Commission should reconsider its proposal for the simplified VAT-based own resource. Should it decide to keep this source of revenue, it could: - either clarify that the simplifications proposed do not lead to the calculation of the VAT contributions based on the standard-rated taxable bases, - or introduce a new source of revenue based only on VAT receipts. type: Court of Auditors: opinion, report body: CofA
        • date: 2018-06-26T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2018)0328 title: COM(2018)0328 type: Contribution body: CZ_CHAMBER
        • date: 2018-10-24T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2018)0328 title: COM(2018)0328 type: Contribution body: CZ_SENATE
        • date: 2018-07-03T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2018)0328 title: COM(2018)0328 type: Contribution body: PT_PARLIAMENT
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        • date: 2018-05-02T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0328/COM_COM(2018)0328_EN.pdf title: COM(2018)0328 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2018&nu_doc=0328 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to simplify the arrangements for the collection of own resources accruing from value added tax. PROPOSED ACT: Council Regulation. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion. BACKGROUND: this proposal constitutes an integral part of the reform of the own resources system as set out in the proposal for a Council Decision on the system of own resources of the European Union. The proposal draws on past experiences in administering own resources and aims to simplify the calculation of the own resource based on value added tax. It also streamlines the practical arrangements. CONTENT: the aim of the proposal is to simplify considerably the own resources aspects of value added tax by amending Regulation (EEC, Euratom) No 1553/89 . It now focuses on standard-rated supplies (so the weighted average rate will not be needed), while the number of corrections are reduced to an absolute minimum and the financial compensations have been removed. For the sake of simplicity and transparency, and in order to reduce administrative burden, the standard rated value added tax own resource should be calculated on the basis of a common Union share of standard rated transactions. That share should represent the average of the lowest shares of standard rated supplies to final consumption in Member States over a period of five years that has been calculated using national accounts and fiscal data approved by the Advisory Committee on Own Resources. The arrangements for calculating the standard rated value added tax own resource base should be determined in a uniform manner starting from actually collected receipts for every given calendar year as the sole definitive method for determining the standard rated value added tax own resource base.
        • date: 2018-05-31T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
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        • PURPOSE: to simplify the arrangements for the collection of own resources accruing from value added tax.

          PROPOSED ACT: Council Regulation.

          ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion.

          BACKGROUND: this proposal constitutes an integral part of the reform of the own resources system as set out in the proposal for a Council Decision on the system of own resources of the European Union.

          The proposal draws on past experiences in administering own resources and aims to simplify the calculation of the own resource based on value added tax. It also streamlines the practical arrangements.

          CONTENT: the aim of the proposal is to simplify considerably the own resources aspects of value added tax by amending Regulation (EEC, Euratom) No 1553/89. It now focuses on standard-rated supplies (so the weighted average rate will not be needed), while the number of corrections are reduced to an absolute minimum and the financial compensations have been removed.

          For the sake of simplicity and transparency, and in order to reduce administrative burden, the standard rated value added tax own resource should be calculated on the basis of a common Union share of standard rated transactions. That share should represent the average of the lowest shares of standard rated supplies to final consumption in Member States over a period of five years that has been calculated using national accounts and fiscal data approved by the Advisory Committee on Own Resources.

          The arrangements for calculating the standard rated value added tax own resource base should be determined in a uniform manner starting from actually collected receipts for every given calendar year as the sole definitive method for determining the standard rated value added tax own resource base.

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