BETA


2018/0330A(COD) European Border and Coast Guard

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead LIBE METSOLA Roberta (icon: PPE PPE) NIEDERMÜLLER Péter (icon: S&D S&D), VISTISEN Anders Primdahl (icon: ECR ECR), GRIESBECK Nathalie (icon: ALDE ALDE), KELLER Ska (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), FERRARA Laura (icon: EFDD EFDD), BAY Nicolas (icon: ENF ENF)
Committee Opinion AFET
Committee Opinion BUDG GEIER Jens (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion PECH
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 077-p2, TFEU 079-p2

Events

2019/11/14
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to establish a European Border and Coast Guard to ensure European Integrated Border Management at the EU’s external borders.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Regulation (EU) 2019/1896 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Border and Coast Guard and repealing Regulations (EU) No 1052/2013 and (EU) 2016/1624.

CONTENT: the new Regulation establishes a European Border and Coast Guard to ensure European integrated border management at the external borders with a view to managing those borders efficiently in full compliance with fundamental rights and to increasing the efficiency of the Union return policy.

This Regulation addresses migratory challenges and potential future challenges and threats at the external borders. It ensures a high level of internal security within the Union in full respect of fundamental rights, while safeguarding the free movement of persons within the Union. It contributes to the detection, prevention and combating of cross-border crime at the external borders.

European integrated border management

The Regulation is an important element of the EU's comprehensive approach to integrated migration and border management. This concept includes in particular:

border control, including measures to facilitate the legitimate border crossing; search and rescue operations for people in distress at sea; analysis of risks to internal security and threats to the security of external borders; the exchange of information and cooperation between Member States and between Member States and the European Border and Coast Guard Agency; inter-agency cooperation between the national authorities of each Member State responsible for border control and between the authorities of each Member State responsible for returns; cooperation with third countries identified by means of a risk analysis as countries of origin or transit for illegal immigration; the return of third-country nationals who are the subject of a return decision taken by a Member State.

European Border and Coast Guard Agency

The Agency's resources in terms of staff and technical equipment have been increased. In addition, its mandate is extended to support Member States' action, in particular in the field of border control, return and cooperation with third countries.

This Regulation establishes EUROSUR as an integrated framework for the exchange of information and for operational cooperation within the European Border and Coast Guard in order to improve situational awareness.

European Border and Coast Guard standing corps

The Agency shall have at its disposal a standing corps, which shall be gradually established and shall include up to 10 000 operational staff by 2027. The corps shall be equipped with enforcement powers, where appropriate, to effectively support Member States on the ground in their efforts to protect external borders, combat cross-border crime and significantly accelerate the effective and sustainable return of irregular migrants.

The standing corps should be composed of four categories of operational staff, namely (i) statutory staff, (ii) staff seconded to the Agency by the Member States for a long term, (iii) staff provided by Member States for short-term deployments and (iv) staff forming part of the reserve for rapid reaction for rapid border interventions.

Operational staff shall consist of border guards, return escorts, return specialists, and other relevant staff. The standing corps should be deployed in the framework of teams. The actual number of operational staff deployed from the standing corps should depend on operational needs.

By 31 December 2023, the Commission shall present to the European Parliament and to the Council a review of the overall number and composition of the standing corps.

Return

The new Regulation shall enable the Agency, in full respect of fundamental rights, to provide technical and operational support to Member States in the context of return operations.

The Agency shall provide technical and operational assistance in the implementation of measures relating to return, upon request of the Member State concerned or on its own initiative and with the agreement of the Member State concerned. Member States shall retain sole responsibility for issuing return decisions and for adopting the measures pertaining to the detention of returnee.

Cooperation with third countries

The new rules shall help to strengthen cooperation with third countries by extending the Agency's scope of operation, without limiting the possibilities for joint operations to neighbouring countries only. The Agency shall provide technical and operational assistance to third countries in the context of the Union's external policy, including the protection of fundamental rights and personal data and the principle of non-refoulement.

Multiannual strategic policy cycle

The Commission and the European Border and Coast Guard shall ensure the effectiveness of European integrated border management by means of a multiannual strategic policy cycle.

On the basis of the multiannual strategic policy cycle for European integrated border management, the European Border and Coast Guard shall establish an integrated planning process for border management and return, including operational planning, contingency planning and capability development planning processes.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 4.12.2019.

2019/11/13
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2019/11/13
   CSL - Final act signed
2019/11/13
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2019/11/08
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2019/11/08
   CSL - Council Meeting
2019/04/17
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/04/17
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 403 votes to 162 with 44 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Border and Coast Guard and repealing Council Joint Action n°98/700/JHA, Regulation (EU) n° 1052/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EU) n° 2016/1624 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

Parliament’s position adopted in first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission’s proposal as follows:

European Border and Coast Guard

The Regulation establishes a European Border and Coast Guard to ensure European Integrated Border Management with a view to managing the external borders as well as increasing the efficiency of the common return policy.

This Regulation addresses migratory challenges and potential future challenges and threats at the external borders and ensures a high level of internal security within the Union in full respect for fundamental rights, while safeguarding the free movement of persons within the Union. It contributes to the detection, prevention and combating of cross-border crime at the external borders.

European Border and Coast Guard standing corps

The European Border and Coast Guard (Frontex) will include a standing corps of border and coast guards, composed of the following four categories of staff:

Category 1: operational staff members of the Agency employed in accordance with the Regulation and deployed as team members in operational areas as well as staff responsible for the functioning of the ETIAS Central Unit; Category 2: operational staff seconded from Member States to the Agency for a long term duration as part of the standing corps; Category 3: operational staff from Member States ready to be provided to the Agency for a short term deployment as part of the standing corps; Category 4: the Reserve for Rapid Reaction consisting of operational staff from the Member States ready to be deployed for the purpose of rapid border interventions.

A standing corps of 5,000 Union border guards will be operational from January 2021 and the number of operational staff will gradually increase until a standing corps of 10,000 Union border guards becomes fully operational in 2027.

Standing corps personnel deployed in a Member State will be able to exercise enforcement powers to perform border control and return operations, subject to authorisation by the host Member State, including the use of force and weapons.

By 31 December 2023, the Commission will conduct a review of the overall number and composition of the European Border and Coast Guard standing corps, and propose amendments, if appropriate.

European Integrated Border Management

This will cover border control, including measures to facilitate legitimate border crossings and, where appropriate, measures related to the prevention and detection of cross-border crime at the external borders focusing on migrant smuggling, trafficking in human beings, and terrorism, and mechanisms and procedures for measures related to the identification of vulnerable persons and unaccompanied minors.

It will also cover cooperation with third countries, focusing in particular on neighbouring third countries and on those third countries that have been identified through risk analysis as being countries of origin and/or transit for illegal migration.

Status agreements between the EU and third countries may be concluded in order to allow the deployment of Frontex border management teams and the carrying out of operations in the territory of these third countries. Where the Commission recommends to the Council an authorisation for the former to negotiate a status agreement with a third country, the Commission should assess the fundamental rights situation relevant to the areas covered by the status agreement in that third Country and inform the European Parliament thereof.

Return operations

The Agency will take on new tasks, particularly in the area of returns. It will provide technical and operational assistance for the implementation of return-related measures at the request of the Member State concerned or on its own initiative and in agreement with the Member States concerned. Member States will remain solely responsible for issuing return decisions and measures relating to the detention of persons subject to a return decision.

This support covers all stages of return operations, in the collection of information necessary for issuing return decisions, and other pre-return, return-related and post-arrival and post-return activities of the Member States. It also includes assisted voluntary return and assistance of Member States in the identification of third country nationals and the acquisition of travel documents.

Member States and the Agency should establish operational plans for border management and returns.

The new rules will also strengthen cooperation with the European Asylum Support Office.

Fundamental rights

The amended text ensures respect for fundamental rights and protection of personal data during cooperation with the Agency. Fundamental rights monitors will be responsible for monitoring respect for fundamental rights and providing advice and guidance on fundamental rights in the preparation, conduct and evaluation of the Agency's operational activities for which monitoring has been entrusted to them by the Fundamental Rights Officer.

When carrying out the evaluation of the Regulation, the Commission shall seek input from relevant stakeholders, including the consultative forum and the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights.

Documents
2019/04/01
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2019/04/01
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
2019/02/14
   EP - Committee decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations confirmed by plenary (Rule 71)
2019/02/12
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted a report by Roberta METSOLA (EPP, MT) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Border and Coast Guard and repealing Council Joint Action n°98/700/JHA, Regulation (EU) n° 1052/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EU) n° 2016/1624 of the European Parliament and of the Council

The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal.

The proposed amendments aim to strengthen the proposal by increasing the effectiveness of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, as well as its efficiency and accountability, while respecting the competence of the Member States.

Subject matter

The European Border and Coast Guard seeks to ensure European Integrated Border Management at the external borders of the Union with a view to supporting the capacity of Member States to manage those borders efficiently, ensuring the saving of lives of persons in distress, as well as ensuring compliance with fundamental rights and increasing the efficiency of the common return policy. It addresses migratory and security challenges and potential future challenges and threats at the external borders and the pre-frontier area.

European Integrated Border Management

The sectoral components of integrated European border management should include (i) the establishment of mechanisms and procedures for the identification, communication of information and referral of persons who may require international protection; (ii) capacity and readiness, through the vulnerabilities assessment, in order to assess the capability of Member States to address current and future challenges and threats at the external borders, including disproportionate migratory pressure.

Members proposed that fundamental rights, education and training, as well as research and innovation, should be horizontal components to be present in each sectoral component during its implementation.

No later than two months after the entry into force of the Regulation, the Commission shall present the European Parliament and the Council with a draft multi-annual strategic policy for the first multi-annual strategic policy cycle for the management of external borders. The European Parliament, the Council and the Commission shall then discuss the draft multiannual strategic policy. Following this discussion, the Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts to define the strategic cycle of multi-annual policy guidance for integrated European border management.

The effective implementation of this multiannual strategic cycle of policy guidance shall be the responsibility of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency and the Member States.

The Agency shall not support any measures or participate in any activities related to internal border controls.

Tasks of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency

Members specified that the Agency shall provide assistance and monitor compliance with fundamental rights at all stages of the return process, without addressing the merits of return decisions, which remain the sole responsibility of Member States, and provide assistance in coordinating and organising return operations.

The Agency may, on its own initiative, with the agreement of the Member State concerned, coordinate or organise return operations. It may not organise or coordinate return operations to third countries where risks of violations of fundamental rights or serious deficiencies in the relevant civil and criminal law systems and procedures have been reported.

The Executive Director shall evaluate the results of return operations and shall transmit a detailed evaluation report every six months to the European Parliament, the Council, the Commission and the Management Board.

European Border and Coast Guard standing corps

The European Commission proposes to create, by 2020, a European border and coastguard standing corps of 10 000 operational officers with executive powers covering all its activities in order to effectively support Member States on the ground.

Members proposed that the Agency shall, without delay and in any case within five working days from establishment of the operational plan, deploy the necessary operational staff from the European Border and Coast Guard standing corps.

Operational staff may be deployed as part of the rapid reaction pool from each Member State within five working days from the date on which the operational plan is agreed by the executive director and the host Member State exclusively for rapid border interventions, provided that category 1 to 3 staff required for the operation in question have already been fully deployed. The total number of staff made available by the Member States shall amount to 3 000 border guards or other relevant staff.

Situation at the external borders requiring urgent action

Where external border control is rendered so ineffective that the functioning of the Schengen area may be compromised, the Council, on the basis of a proposal from the Commission, may adopt a decision by means of an implementing act without delay, defining the measures to mitigate these risks to be implemented by the Agency and requiring the Member State concerned to cooperate with the Agency in the implementation of these measures.

The Commission shall consult the Agency before submitting its proposal. The Commission shall monitor the implementation of the measures defined in the Council Decision and the measures taken to this end by the Agency.

Costs

Members propose a more flexible payment system giving Member States the possibility to receive advances on annual payments for the purpose of deploying operational staff for a short period of time as members of the teams of the EBCG standing corps. A pro-rata advance and annual payment will also be provided for short-term secondments of less than 4 months.

Parliamentary control

In order to ensure parliamentary control of the Agency and to take into account the objective of shared responsibility at both Union and national level, the control functions conferred on the European Parliament by the Regulation would be complemented by control by a Joint Parliamentary Control Group (JPCG), established jointly by the national parliaments and the competent committee of the European Parliament.

Documents
2019/02/12
   EP - Committee decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations announced in plenary (Rule 71)
2019/02/11
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2019/02/11
   EP - Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations with report adopted in committee
2019/02/06
   CofR - Committee of the Regions: opinion
Documents
2018/12/18
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/12/12
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2018/12/11
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2018/12/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/12/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/12/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/12/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/12/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2018/12/06
   CSL - Council Meeting
2018/11/13
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2018/10/22
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2018/10/12
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2018/10/12
   CSL - Council Meeting
2018/10/10
   EP - METSOLA Roberta (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2018/10/09
   EP - GEIER Jens (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2018/09/12
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to establish a European Border and Coast Guard to ensure European Integrated Border Management at the EU’s external borders.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure on an equal footing with council.

BACKGROUND: since the beginning of the migratory crisis in 2015, the Commission has taken up important initiatives to strengthen the protection of the Union borders. Regulation (EU) No 2016/2024 of the European Parliament and of the Council, on the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, which was put in place very quickly after the 2015 migration crisis, entered into forced on 6 October 2016. However, the Union’s framework in the area of control of external borders, returns and asylum still needs to be further improved.

In its conclusions of 28 June 2018, the European Council called for strengthening further the supportive role of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, particularly through cooperation with third countries, through increased resources and an enhanced mandate, with a view to ensure the effective control of the external borders and significantly stepping up the effective return of irregular migrants.

Furthermore, the European Parliament’s resolution of 30 May 2018 on the annual report on the functioning of the Schengen area insisted on the need for a prompt introduction of the fully-fledged European Integrated Border Management strategy,

The Commission now proposes to strengthen the European Border and Coast Guard and give it a level of ambition commensurate with the common challenges Europe faces in managing migration and borders

CONTENT: the draft regulation aims to set up the European Border and Coast Guard standing corps of 10 000 operational staff by 2020 with executive powers for all its activities to effectively support Member States on the ground. The European Guard will provide a readily available and reliable solution and will ensure that the EU collectively has the necessary capabilities to protect the EU external borders, prevent secondary movements and effectively implement returns of irregular migrants. In order to mobilise predictable and sufficient resources, the Agency will have its own equipment , such as ships, aircraft and vehicles.

The European Border and Coast Guard standing corps will be composed of three categories of operational staff: 1) staff members employed by the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Category 1), 2) staff mandatorily seconded to the Agency by the Member States for long duration (Category 2) and 3) staff mandatorily provided by Member States for short-term deployment (Category 3).

This new approach will allow the inclusion of the Agency's statutory staff as members of the European Border and Coast Guard standing corps. The Agency's staff under Category 1 will have executive powers , including the use of force, when acting as team members deployed from the European Border and Coast Guard standing corps.

The proposal aims particularly to:

structure the political steering of the European Integrated Border Management by establishing a policy cycle of European and national integrated border management strategies; improve the coordination of the planning processes of European Integrated Border to better prepare border operations, define the reaction to higher impact levels and in particular possible intervention of the standing corps and other capabilities of the Agency in support of Member States; improve the preparation of the capabilities of the European Border and Coast Guard by coordinating training and education, the acquisition of equipment in the short and longer term, including research and development; improve the capacity to exchange information and support the Member States in the area of returns . The tasks of the Agency are broadened to include technical and operational assistance in the implementation of return procedures, including the preparation of return decisions and other pre-return activities, as well as assistance in developing and operating return management systems and information exchange systems; strengthen the cooperation between the Agency and the EU Agency for Asylum in the deployment of migration management support teams, in particular in hotspots and controlled centres; clarify the respective role of the Member States and of the Agency in the functioning of the European Border and Coast Guard, including cooperation with third countries : the European Border and Coast Guard will be enabled to act in third countries without being limited to neighbouring third countries, including in the area of return. The Agency’s operations may take place at any borders of the third country concerned, where appropriate, with the agreement of the Member State(s) bordering the operational area. The proposal improves information exchange with third countries in the framework of the European Border Surveillance System (EUROSUR).

BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS: to set up the European Border and Coast Guard standing corps and acquire the Agency's own equipment, as well as to adequately address other new or upgraded tasks in the proposal, an amount of EUR 577.5 million needs to be added to the existing EU contribution for 2019 and 2020 under the current Multiannual Financial Framework, which may require the use of special instruments foreseen in the MFF Regulation. For the period of 2021-2027, a total EU contribution of EUR 11 270 million will be needed.

As for the human resources, the Agency is expected to have 1 000 staff members by 2020 .

In order to establish the European Border and Coast Guard standing corps, the Agency will be allocated with additional posts: starting with 750 posts in 2019 and reaching 3 000 posts by 2025.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0076/2019 - Roberta Metsola - Am 514 17/04/2019 17:23:07.000 #

2019/04/17 Outcome: -: 441, 0: 88, +: 78
EL CY IT EE IE DK LU LV LT MT SI SK FI HR NL BG PT HU AT CZ SE BE FR RO GB ES PL DE
Total
11
1
42
4
6
11
6
6
7
6
8
10
11
11
22
11
19
14
17
18
18
19
67
24
54
47
43
92
icon: ENF ENF
31

Austria ENF

3

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

2

Poland ENF

2

Germany ENF

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
27

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
13

Hungary NI

3

France NI

2

Poland NI

Abstain (1)

2

Germany NI

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Italy Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Italy GUE/NGL

3

Ireland GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

4

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Italy ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

2

Finland ECR

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
56

Italy ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Romania ALDE

Against (1)

1
4
icon: S&D S&D
150

Greece S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1
3

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Bulgaria S&D

Against (1)

2

Hungary S&D

2

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1
5
icon: PPE PPE
175

Italy PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Ireland PPE

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Lithuania PPE

2

Finland PPE

For (1)

3
3
3

United Kingdom PPE

2

A8-0076/2019 - Roberta Metsola - Am 512 17/04/2019 17:23:24.000 #

2019/04/17 Outcome: +: 403, -: 162, 0: 44
DE PL RO ES BE BG CZ PT FI SK HR AT LT SI MT NL FR SE LU EE LV GB IE DK HU CY IT EL
Total
92
43
24
48
19
11
18
19
11
10
11
17
7
8
6
22
67
18
6
5
6
54
6
10
14
1
44
10
icon: PPE PPE
175

Lithuania PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

2

Ireland PPE

3

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
152

Bulgaria S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Hungary S&D

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Greece S&D

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
57

Romania ALDE

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Italy ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
60

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

1

Czechia ECR

2

Finland ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

2

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Sweden ECR

2

Italy ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
13

Germany NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

2

Hungary NI

For (1)

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3
icon: EFDD EFDD
28

Germany EFDD

For (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
31

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Austria ENF

Abstain (1)

3

Netherlands ENF

4

United Kingdom ENF

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
42

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Italy GUE/NGL

3

Greece GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

A8-0076/2019 - Roberta Metsola - Am 514 #

2019/04/17 Outcome: -: 441, 0: 88, +: 78
EL CY IT EE IE DK LU LV LT MT SI SK FI HR NL BG PT HU AT CZ SE BE FR RO GB ES PL DE
Total
11
1
42
4
6
11
6
6
7
6
8
10
11
11
22
11
19
14
17
18
17
19
68
24
54
46
43
92
icon: ENF ENF
32

Austria ENF

3

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

2

Poland ENF

2

Germany ENF

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
27

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
13

Hungary NI

3

France NI

2

Poland NI

Abstain (1)

2

Germany NI

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Italy Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Italy GUE/NGL

3

Ireland GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

4

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Italy ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

2

Finland ECR

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2

Sweden ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
55

Italy ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1

Romania ALDE

Against (1)

1
4
icon: S&D S&D
151

Greece S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1
3

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Bulgaria S&D

Against (1)

2

Hungary S&D

2

Czechia S&D

Against (1)

1
5
icon: PPE PPE
175

Italy PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Ireland PPE

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Lithuania PPE

2

Finland PPE

For (1)

3
3
3

United Kingdom PPE

2

A8-0076/2019 - Roberta Metsola - Am 512 #

2019/04/17 Outcome: +: 403, -: 162, 0: 44
DE PL RO ES BE BG CZ PT FI SK HR AT LT SI MT NL SE LU EE LV FR GB IE DK HU CY IT EL
Total
92
43
24
47
19
11
18
19
11
10
11
17
7
8
6
22
17
6
5
6
68
54
6
10
14
1
44
10
icon: PPE PPE
175

Lithuania PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

2

Ireland PPE

3

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
153

Bulgaria S&D

2

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Hungary S&D

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Greece S&D

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
56

Romania ALDE

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Italy ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
60

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

1

Czechia ECR

2

Finland ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

2

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Sweden ECR

2

Italy ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
13

Germany NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

2

Hungary NI

For (1)

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3
icon: EFDD EFDD
28

Germany EFDD

For (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
32

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Austria ENF

Abstain (1)

3

Netherlands ENF

4

United Kingdom ENF

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
42

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Italy GUE/NGL

3

Greece GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Italy Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/0/shadows/3
name
ALBIOL GUZMÁN Marina
group
European United Left - Nordic Green Left
abbr
GUE/NGL
docs/0/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE630.451
New
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docs/1/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE630.438&secondRef=02
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/BUDG-AD-630438_EN.html
docs/2/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE631.965
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/LIBE-AM-631965_EN.html
docs/3/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE631.966
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/LIBE-AM-631966_EN.html
docs/4/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE631.967
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/LIBE-AM-631967_EN.html
docs/5/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE631.968
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/LIBE-AM-631968_EN.html
docs/6/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE631.970
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/LIBE-AM-631970_EN.html
docs/7/docs/0/url
https://dmsearch.eesc.europa.eu/search/public?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:4848)(documentyear:2018)(documentlanguage:EN)
docs/8/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE632.026
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/LIBE-AM-632026_EN.html
docs/9/docs/0/url
https://dmsearch.cor.europa.eu/search/public?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:6213)(documentyear:2018)(documentlanguage:EN)
events/0/docs/1
url
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2018&nu_doc=0631
title
EUR-Lex
events/2/type
Old
Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
New
Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
events/3/type
Old
Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
New
Vote in committee, 1st reading
events/5
date
2019-02-12T00:00:00
type
Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
body
EP
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-8-2019-0076_EN.html title: A8-0076/2019
summary
events/5
date
2019-02-12T00:00:00
type
Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-8-2019-0076_EN.html title: A8-0076/2019
summary
events/6
date
2019-02-12T00:00:00
type
Committee decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations announced in plenary (Rule 71)
body
EP
events/7
date
2019-04-17T00:00:00
type
Debate in Parliament
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20190417&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
events/7
date
2019-02-14T00:00:00
type
Committee decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations confirmed by plenary (Rule 71)
body
EP
events/8
date
2019-04-17T00:00:00
type
Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-8-2019-0415_EN.html title: T8-0415/2019
summary
events/9
date
2019-04-17T00:00:00
type
Debate in Parliament
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20190417&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
events/9/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20190417&type=CRE
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/CRE-8-2018-04-17-TOC_EN.html
events/10
date
2019-04-17T00:00:00
type
Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
body
EP
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-8-2019-0415_EN.html title: T8-0415/2019
summary
events/12
date
2019-11-14T00:00:00
type
Final act published in Official Journal
events/14
date
2019-11-14T00:00:00
type
Final act published in Official Journal
summary
docs
procedure/Notes
  • 14/02/2019 Decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations confirmed by plenary (Rule 69c)
procedure/final
title
Regulation 2019/1896
url
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32019R1896
procedure/instrument/1
Repealing Regulation (EU) No 1052/2013 2011/0427(COD) Repealing Regulation (EU) 2016/1624 2015/0310(COD)
procedure/instrument/1
Repealing Joint Action 98/700/JHA Repealing Regulation (EU) No 1052/2013 2011/0427(COD) Repealing Regulation (EU) 2016/1624 2015/0310(COD)
events/5/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A8-2019-0076&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-8-2019-0076_EN.html
events/8/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/EN&reference=P8-TA-2019-0415
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-8-2019-0415_EN.html
events/12
date
2019-11-14T00:00:00
type
Final act published in Official Journal
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Procedure completed, awaiting publication in Official Journal
New
Procedure completed
events/5/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2019-0076&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A8-2019-0076&language=EN
events/8/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2019-0415
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/EN&reference=P8-TA-2019-0415
events/11
date
2019-11-13T00:00:00
type
End of procedure in Parliament
body
EP
events/10
date
2019-11-13T00:00:00
type
Final act signed
body
CSL
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Awaiting signature of act
New
Procedure completed, awaiting publication in Official Journal
council/0
body
CSL
type
Council Meeting
council
Economic and Financial Affairs ECOFIN
meeting_id
3725
url
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date
2019-11-08T00:00:00
events/9
date
2019-11-08T00:00:00
type
Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
body
EP/CSL
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Provisional agreement between Parliament and Council on final act
New
Awaiting signature of act
docs/11
date
2019-11-13T00:00:00
docs
url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=[%n4]%2F19&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 00033/2019/LEX
type
Draft final act
body
CSL
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs
committee
LIBE
rapporteur
name: METSOLA Roberta date: 2018-10-10T00:00:00 group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
shadows
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs
committee
LIBE
date
2018-10-10T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: METSOLA Roberta group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
shadows
committees/2
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
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committee
BUDG
rapporteur
name: GEIER Jens date: 2018-10-09T00:00:00 group: Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats abbr: S&D
committees/2
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Budgets
committee
BUDG
date
2018-10-09T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: GEIER Jens group: Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats abbr: S&D
commission
  • body: EC dg: Migration and Home Affairs commissioner: AVRAMOPOULOS Dimitris
committees
  • type: Responsible Committee body: EP associated: False committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs committee: LIBE date: 2018-10-10T00:00:00 rapporteur: name: METSOLA Roberta group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE shadows: name: NIEDERMÜLLER Péter group: Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats abbr: S&D name: VISTISEN Anders Primdahl group: European Conservatives and Reformists abbr: ECR name: GRIESBECK Nathalie group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE name: ALBIOL GUZMÁN Marina group: European United Left - Nordic Green Left abbr: GUE/NGL name: KELLER Ska group: Greens/European Free Alliance abbr: Verts/ALE name: FERRARA Laura group: Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy abbr: EFDD name: BAY Nicolas group: Europe of Nations and Freedom abbr: ENF
  • type: Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Foreign Affairs committee: AFET opinion: False
  • type: Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Budgets committee: BUDG date: 2018-10-09T00:00:00 rapporteur: name: GEIER Jens group: Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats abbr: S&D
  • type: Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Fisheries committee: PECH opinion: False
council
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) meeting_id: 3661 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3661*&MEET_DATE=06/12/2018 date: 2018-12-06T00:00:00
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) meeting_id: 3641 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3641*&MEET_DATE=12/10/2018 date: 2018-10-12T00:00:00
docs
  • date: 2018-11-13T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE630.451 title: PE630.451 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2018-12-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE630.438&secondRef=02 title: PE630.438 committee: BUDG type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2018-12-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE631.965 title: PE631.965 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2018-12-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE631.966 title: PE631.966 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2018-12-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE631.967 title: PE631.967 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2018-12-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE631.968 title: PE631.968 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2018-12-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE631.970 title: PE631.970 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2018-12-12T00:00:00 docs: title: CES4848/2018 type: Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report body: ESC
  • date: 2018-12-18T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE632.026 title: PE632.026 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2019-02-06T00:00:00 docs: title: CDR6213/2018 type: Committee of the Regions: opinion body: CofR
  • date: 2019-04-01T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/commissions/libe/lcag/2019/04-01/LIBE_LA(2019)003064_EN.pdf title: GEDA/A/(2019)003064 type: Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement body: CSL
events
  • date: 2018-09-12T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0631/COM_COM(2018)0631_EN.pdf title: COM(2018)0631 summary: PURPOSE: to establish a European Border and Coast Guard to ensure European Integrated Border Management at the EU’s external borders. PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure on an equal footing with council. BACKGROUND: since the beginning of the migratory crisis in 2015, the Commission has taken up important initiatives to strengthen the protection of the Union borders. Regulation (EU) No 2016/2024 of the European Parliament and of the Council, on the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, which was put in place very quickly after the 2015 migration crisis, entered into forced on 6 October 2016. However, the Union’s framework in the area of control of external borders, returns and asylum still needs to be further improved. In its conclusions of 28 June 2018, the European Council called for strengthening further the supportive role of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, particularly through cooperation with third countries, through increased resources and an enhanced mandate, with a view to ensure the effective control of the external borders and significantly stepping up the effective return of irregular migrants. Furthermore, the European Parliament’s resolution of 30 May 2018 on the annual report on the functioning of the Schengen area insisted on the need for a prompt introduction of the fully-fledged European Integrated Border Management strategy, The Commission now proposes to strengthen the European Border and Coast Guard and give it a level of ambition commensurate with the common challenges Europe faces in managing migration and borders CONTENT: the draft regulation aims to set up the European Border and Coast Guard standing corps of 10 000 operational staff by 2020 with executive powers for all its activities to effectively support Member States on the ground. The European Guard will provide a readily available and reliable solution and will ensure that the EU collectively has the necessary capabilities to protect the EU external borders, prevent secondary movements and effectively implement returns of irregular migrants. In order to mobilise predictable and sufficient resources, the Agency will have its own equipment , such as ships, aircraft and vehicles. The European Border and Coast Guard standing corps will be composed of three categories of operational staff: 1) staff members employed by the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Category 1), 2) staff mandatorily seconded to the Agency by the Member States for long duration (Category 2) and 3) staff mandatorily provided by Member States for short-term deployment (Category 3). This new approach will allow the inclusion of the Agency's statutory staff as members of the European Border and Coast Guard standing corps. The Agency's staff under Category 1 will have executive powers , including the use of force, when acting as team members deployed from the European Border and Coast Guard standing corps. The proposal aims particularly to: structure the political steering of the European Integrated Border Management by establishing a policy cycle of European and national integrated border management strategies; improve the coordination of the planning processes of European Integrated Border to better prepare border operations, define the reaction to higher impact levels and in particular possible intervention of the standing corps and other capabilities of the Agency in support of Member States; improve the preparation of the capabilities of the European Border and Coast Guard by coordinating training and education, the acquisition of equipment in the short and longer term, including research and development; improve the capacity to exchange information and support the Member States in the area of returns . The tasks of the Agency are broadened to include technical and operational assistance in the implementation of return procedures, including the preparation of return decisions and other pre-return activities, as well as assistance in developing and operating return management systems and information exchange systems; strengthen the cooperation between the Agency and the EU Agency for Asylum in the deployment of migration management support teams, in particular in hotspots and controlled centres; clarify the respective role of the Member States and of the Agency in the functioning of the European Border and Coast Guard, including cooperation with third countries : the European Border and Coast Guard will be enabled to act in third countries without being limited to neighbouring third countries, including in the area of return. The Agency’s operations may take place at any borders of the third country concerned, where appropriate, with the agreement of the Member State(s) bordering the operational area. The proposal improves information exchange with third countries in the framework of the European Border Surveillance System (EUROSUR). BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS: to set up the European Border and Coast Guard standing corps and acquire the Agency's own equipment, as well as to adequately address other new or upgraded tasks in the proposal, an amount of EUR 577.5 million needs to be added to the existing EU contribution for 2019 and 2020 under the current Multiannual Financial Framework, which may require the use of special instruments foreseen in the MFF Regulation. For the period of 2021-2027, a total EU contribution of EUR 11 270 million will be needed. As for the human resources, the Agency is expected to have 1 000 staff members by 2020 . In order to establish the European Border and Coast Guard standing corps, the Agency will be allocated with additional posts: starting with 750 posts in 2019 and reaching 3 000 posts by 2025.
  • date: 2018-10-12T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3641*&MEET_DATE=12/10/2018 title: 3641
  • date: 2018-10-22T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2019-02-11T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2019-02-11T00:00:00 type: Committee decision to open interinstitutional negotiations with report adopted in committee body: EP
  • date: 2019-02-12T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2019-0076&language=EN title: A8-0076/2019 summary: The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted a report by Roberta METSOLA (EPP, MT) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Border and Coast Guard and repealing Council Joint Action n°98/700/JHA, Regulation (EU) n° 1052/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EU) n° 2016/1624 of the European Parliament and of the Council The committee recommended that the European Parliament's position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission's proposal. The proposed amendments aim to strengthen the proposal by increasing the effectiveness of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, as well as its efficiency and accountability, while respecting the competence of the Member States. Subject matter The European Border and Coast Guard seeks to ensure European Integrated Border Management at the external borders of the Union with a view to supporting the capacity of Member States to manage those borders efficiently, ensuring the saving of lives of persons in distress, as well as ensuring compliance with fundamental rights and increasing the efficiency of the common return policy. It addresses migratory and security challenges and potential future challenges and threats at the external borders and the pre-frontier area. European Integrated Border Management The sectoral components of integrated European border management should include (i) the establishment of mechanisms and procedures for the identification, communication of information and referral of persons who may require international protection; (ii) capacity and readiness, through the vulnerabilities assessment, in order to assess the capability of Member States to address current and future challenges and threats at the external borders, including disproportionate migratory pressure. Members proposed that fundamental rights, education and training, as well as research and innovation, should be horizontal components to be present in each sectoral component during its implementation. No later than two months after the entry into force of the Regulation, the Commission shall present the European Parliament and the Council with a draft multi-annual strategic policy for the first multi-annual strategic policy cycle for the management of external borders. The European Parliament, the Council and the Commission shall then discuss the draft multiannual strategic policy. Following this discussion, the Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts to define the strategic cycle of multi-annual policy guidance for integrated European border management. The effective implementation of this multiannual strategic cycle of policy guidance shall be the responsibility of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency and the Member States. The Agency shall not support any measures or participate in any activities related to internal border controls. Tasks of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency Members specified that the Agency shall provide assistance and monitor compliance with fundamental rights at all stages of the return process, without addressing the merits of return decisions, which remain the sole responsibility of Member States, and provide assistance in coordinating and organising return operations. The Agency may, on its own initiative, with the agreement of the Member State concerned, coordinate or organise return operations. It may not organise or coordinate return operations to third countries where risks of violations of fundamental rights or serious deficiencies in the relevant civil and criminal law systems and procedures have been reported. The Executive Director shall evaluate the results of return operations and shall transmit a detailed evaluation report every six months to the European Parliament, the Council, the Commission and the Management Board. European Border and Coast Guard standing corps The European Commission proposes to create, by 2020, a European border and coastguard standing corps of 10 000 operational officers with executive powers covering all its activities in order to effectively support Member States on the ground. Members proposed that the Agency shall, without delay and in any case within five working days from establishment of the operational plan, deploy the necessary operational staff from the European Border and Coast Guard standing corps. Operational staff may be deployed as part of the rapid reaction pool from each Member State within five working days from the date on which the operational plan is agreed by the executive director and the host Member State exclusively for rapid border interventions, provided that category 1 to 3 staff required for the operation in question have already been fully deployed. The total number of staff made available by the Member States shall amount to 3 000 border guards or other relevant staff. Situation at the external borders requiring urgent action Where external border control is rendered so ineffective that the functioning of the Schengen area may be compromised, the Council, on the basis of a proposal from the Commission, may adopt a decision by means of an implementing act without delay, defining the measures to mitigate these risks to be implemented by the Agency and requiring the Member State concerned to cooperate with the Agency in the implementation of these measures. The Commission shall consult the Agency before submitting its proposal. The Commission shall monitor the implementation of the measures defined in the Council Decision and the measures taken to this end by the Agency. Costs Members propose a more flexible payment system giving Member States the possibility to receive advances on annual payments for the purpose of deploying operational staff for a short period of time as members of the teams of the EBCG standing corps. A pro-rata advance and annual payment will also be provided for short-term secondments of less than 4 months. Parliamentary control In order to ensure parliamentary control of the Agency and to take into account the objective of shared responsibility at both Union and national level, the control functions conferred on the European Parliament by the Regulation would be complemented by control by a Joint Parliamentary Control Group (JPCG), established jointly by the national parliaments and the competent committee of the European Parliament.
  • date: 2019-04-01T00:00:00 type: Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/commissions/libe/inag/2019/04-01/LIBE_AG(2019)637541_EN.pdf title: PE637.541 url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/commissions/libe/lcag/2019/04-01/LIBE_LA(2019)003064_EN.pdf title: GEDA/A/(2019)003064
  • date: 2019-04-17T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20190417&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2019-04-17T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2019-0415 title: T8-0415/2019 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 403 votes to 162 with 44 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Border and Coast Guard and repealing Council Joint Action n°98/700/JHA, Regulation (EU) n° 1052/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Regulation (EU) n° 2016/1624 of the European Parliament and of the Council. Parliament’s position adopted in first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission’s proposal as follows: European Border and Coast Guard The Regulation establishes a European Border and Coast Guard to ensure European Integrated Border Management with a view to managing the external borders as well as increasing the efficiency of the common return policy. This Regulation addresses migratory challenges and potential future challenges and threats at the external borders and ensures a high level of internal security within the Union in full respect for fundamental rights, while safeguarding the free movement of persons within the Union. It contributes to the detection, prevention and combating of cross-border crime at the external borders. European Border and Coast Guard standing corps The European Border and Coast Guard (Frontex) will include a standing corps of border and coast guards, composed of the following four categories of staff: Category 1: operational staff members of the Agency employed in accordance with the Regulation and deployed as team members in operational areas as well as staff responsible for the functioning of the ETIAS Central Unit; Category 2: operational staff seconded from Member States to the Agency for a long term duration as part of the standing corps; Category 3: operational staff from Member States ready to be provided to the Agency for a short term deployment as part of the standing corps; Category 4: the Reserve for Rapid Reaction consisting of operational staff from the Member States ready to be deployed for the purpose of rapid border interventions. A standing corps of 5,000 Union border guards will be operational from January 2021 and the number of operational staff will gradually increase until a standing corps of 10,000 Union border guards becomes fully operational in 2027. Standing corps personnel deployed in a Member State will be able to exercise enforcement powers to perform border control and return operations, subject to authorisation by the host Member State, including the use of force and weapons. By 31 December 2023, the Commission will conduct a review of the overall number and composition of the European Border and Coast Guard standing corps, and propose amendments, if appropriate. European Integrated Border Management This will cover border control, including measures to facilitate legitimate border crossings and, where appropriate, measures related to the prevention and detection of cross-border crime at the external borders focusing on migrant smuggling, trafficking in human beings, and terrorism, and mechanisms and procedures for measures related to the identification of vulnerable persons and unaccompanied minors. It will also cover cooperation with third countries, focusing in particular on neighbouring third countries and on those third countries that have been identified through risk analysis as being countries of origin and/or transit for illegal migration. Status agreements between the EU and third countries may be concluded in order to allow the deployment of Frontex border management teams and the carrying out of operations in the territory of these third countries. Where the Commission recommends to the Council an authorisation for the former to negotiate a status agreement with a third country, the Commission should assess the fundamental rights situation relevant to the areas covered by the status agreement in that third Country and inform the European Parliament thereof. Return operations The Agency will take on new tasks, particularly in the area of returns. It will provide technical and operational assistance for the implementation of return-related measures at the request of the Member State concerned or on its own initiative and in agreement with the Member States concerned. Member States will remain solely responsible for issuing return decisions and measures relating to the detention of persons subject to a return decision. This support covers all stages of return operations, in the collection of information necessary for issuing return decisions, and other pre-return, return-related and post-arrival and post-return activities of the Member States. It also includes assisted voluntary return and assistance of Member States in the identification of third country nationals and the acquisition of travel documents. Member States and the Agency should establish operational plans for border management and returns. The new rules will also strengthen cooperation with the European Asylum Support Office. Fundamental rights The amended text ensures respect for fundamental rights and protection of personal data during cooperation with the Agency. Fundamental rights monitors will be responsible for monitoring respect for fundamental rights and providing advice and guidance on fundamental rights in the preparation, conduct and evaluation of the Agency's operational activities for which monitoring has been entrusted to them by the Fundamental Rights Officer. When carrying out the evaluation of the Regulation, the Commission shall seek input from relevant stakeholders, including the consultative forum and the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights.
otherinst
  • name: European Economic and Social Committee
  • name: European Committee of the Regions
procedure
reference
2018/0330A(COD)
title
European Border and Coast Guard
subject
Notes
14/02/2019 Decision to enter into interinstitutional negotiations confirmed by plenary (Rule 69c)
type
COD - Ordinary legislative procedure (ex-codecision procedure)
subtype
Legislation
instrument
legal_basis
other_consulted_institutions
European Economic and Social Committee European Committee of the Regions
stage_reached
Provisional agreement between Parliament and Council on final act
dossier_of_the_committee
LIBE/8/14600