BETA


2018/0427(NLE) Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community

Progress: Awaiting committee decision

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFCO HÜBNER Danuta Maria (icon: EPP EPP)
Former Responsible Committee AFCO VERHOFSTADT Guy (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Committee Opinion IMCO DE SUTTER Petra (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion PETI
Committee Opinion AFET
Committee Opinion INTA HANSEN Christophe (icon: EPP EPP)
Committee Opinion EMPL
Committee Opinion ENVI
Committee Opinion TRAN
Committee Opinion JURI
Committee Opinion LIBE
Former Committee Opinion AFET MCALLISTER David (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion INTA QUISTHOUDT-ROWOHL Godelieve (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion EMPL ULVSKOG Marita (icon: S&D S&D)
Former Committee Opinion ENVI VĂLEAN Adina-Ioana (icon: PPE PPE)
Former Committee Opinion TRAN
Former Committee Opinion JURI
Former Committee Opinion LIBE
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
Euratom Treaty A 106a-pa, TFEU 050-p2

Events

2019/11/06
   EP - DE SUTTER Petra (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in IMCO
2019/10/18
   CSL - Legislative proposal
Details

PURPOSE: to conclude the agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.

BACKGROUND: the Council adopted the amended draft Council Decision on the conclusion of the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union, which is to be forwarded to the European Parliament for consent.

This Council draft follows the approval by the European Council (Article 50) of the withdrawal agreement reached by the European Commission negotiators and the United Kingdom negotiators on 17 October 2019.

CONTENT: the purpose of the draft Council Decision is to approve, on behalf of the Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union.

The Council draft:

- defines the arrangements for representing the Union in the Joint Committee and the specialised committees set up by the Agreement;

- specifies that whenever the Union is required to act to comply with the provisions of the Agreement, it must do so in accordance with the provisions of the Treaties, while respecting the limits of the powers conferred on each institution;

- defines, in accordance with Article 129(4) of the Agreement, the conditions and procedure for authorising the United Kingdom, during the transitional period, to negotiate, sign and ratify international agreements concluded in its own capacity in areas of exclusive competence of the Union;

- lays down the conditions and procedure for authorising Ireland, Cyprus and Spain to negotiate and conclude with the United Kingdom the bilateral agreements necessary for the proper functioning of the provisions laid down in the separate protocols regulating the special situations of Ireland and Northern Ireland, the Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus and Gibraltar, where such bilateral agreements concern areas falling within the exclusive competence of the Union;

- confers, according to Article 18(1) and (4) of the Agreement, implementing powers on the Commission to determine the period of validity, format and technical specifications of documents certifying their residence status or frontier worker status to be issued by host Member States to United Kingdom nationals and their family members, with a view to facilitating the recognition of such documents by border control authorities and to preventing falsification and counterfeiting through high-level security devices.

Documents
2019/10/18
   CSL - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2019/10/18
   CSL - Document attached to the procedure
Details

Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community.

The revised Withdrawal Agreement reached on 17 October 2019 follows intensive negotiations between the European Commission and British negotiators. The European Council, meeting in an EU-27 configuration, approved a revised Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland and a revised Political Declaration setting out the framework for future relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom.

All other elements of the Withdrawal Agreement remain unchanged in substance, as per the agreement reached on 14 November 2018. The Withdrawal Agreement brings legal certainty where the UK's withdrawal from the EU created uncertainty: citizens' rights, the financial settlement, a transition period at least until the end of 2020, governance, Protocols on Gibraltar and Cyprus, as well as a range of other separation issues.

The revised Withdrawal Agreement and revised Political Declaration agreed at the level of negotiators on both sides would allow for an orderly exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union.

Revised Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland

The revised Protocol provides a legally operational solution that avoids a hard border on the island of Ireland, protects the all-island economy and the Good Friday (Belfast) Agreement in all its dimensions and safeguards the integrity of the Single Market. This solution responds to the unique circumstances on the island of Ireland with the aim of protecting peace and stability.

In terms of regulations, Northern Ireland will remain aligned to a limited set of rules related to the EU's Single Market in order to avoid a hard border: legislation on goods, sanitary rules for veterinary controls (“SPS rules”), rules on agricultural production/marketing, VAT and excise in respect of goods, and state aid rules.

The revised Protocol will also avoid any customs borders on the island of Ireland, while ensuring that Northern Ireland remains part of the United Kingdom's customs territory. Northern Ireland will therefore be able to benefit from any future free trade agreements (FTAs) that the United Kingdom may conclude with third countries. The agreement fully protects the integrity of the EU's single market and customs union. The EU Customs Code will apply to all goods entering Northern Ireland. This will avoid customs controls and checks on the island of Ireland.

The necessary checks and controls will be carried out on goods entering Northern Ireland from the rest of the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom authorities will apply the provisions of Union law which the Protocol makes applicable to the United Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland. Thus, all controls will be carried out by the UK authorities with appropriate monitoring and enforcement mechanisms for the EU.

The customs duties in respect of a good being moved by direct transport to Northern Ireland other than from the Union or from another part of the United Kingdom shall be the duties applicable in the United Kingdom, unless that good is at risk of subsequently being moved into the Union, whether by itself or forming part of another good following processing.

Consent mechanism

The EU and the UK have agreed to create a new mechanism on ‘consent', which will give the Members of the Northern Ireland Assembly a decisive voice on the long-term application of relevant EU law in Northern Ireland. The Northern Ireland Assembly will be asked to provide continued support for the Protocol 4 years after the end of the transition period and every 4 years thereafter.

The revised Political Declaration

The main change in the Political Declaration relates to the future EU-UK economic relationship where the current UK government has opted for a model based on a Free Trade Agreement (FTA). The Political Declaration provides for an ambitious FTA with zero tariffs and quotas between the EU and the UK. It states that robust commitments on a level playing field should ensure open and fair competition.

Documents
2019/10/18
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Documents
2019/10/17
   CSL - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2019/09/23
   EP - HANSEN Christophe (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in INTA
2019/04/11
   CSL - Document attached to the procedure
Details

Following the decision of EU leaders on 10 April 2019 to extend the deadline provided for in Article 50, the Council (article 50) approved an amended draft decision on the conclusion of the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and decided to forward it to the European Parliament for its request for approval launched by the Council on 11 January 2019.

At the special summit on 10 April EU leaders agreed an extension of Article 50 until the end of October 2019. If the withdrawal agreement is ratified by both sides earlier, the UK will leave on the first day of the following month, leaders said. The decision was taken in agreement with the UK.

The date of entry into force of the withdrawal agreement is therefore adjusted to correspond to the deadline provided for in Article 50(3) of the TEU, as extended by the European Council in agreement with the United Kingdom.

Documents
2019/04/11
   CSL - Document attached to the procedure
Details

Following the decision of EU leaders on 10 April 2019 to extend the deadline provided for in Article 50, the Council approved an amended draft decision on the conclusion of the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and decided to forward it to the European Parliament for its request for approval launched by the Council on 11 January 2019.

At the special summit on 10 April EU leaders agreed an extension of Article 50 until the end of October 2019. If the withdrawal agreement is ratified by both sides earlier, the UK will leave on the first day of the following month, leaders said. The decision was taken in agreement with the UK.

The date of entry into force of the withdrawal agreement is therefore adjusted to correspond to the deadline provided for in Article 50(3) of the TEU, as extended by the European Council in agreement with the United Kingdom.

Documents
2019/04/11
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
Details

PURPOSE: amend Decision (EU) 2019/274 on the signing, on behalf of the European Union and of the European Atomic Energy Community, of the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community.

BACKGROUND: on 11 January 2019, the Council adopted Decision (EU) 2019/274 authorising the signature of the Withdrawal Agreement and transmitted the draft Council Decision on the conclusion of the Withdrawal Agreement to the European Parliament for its consent. The Withdrawal Agreement provides 30 March 2019 as date of entry into force of the agreement.

However, the Government of the United Kingdom did not obtain the necessary support from its Parliament to proceed with the signature and ratification of the Withdrawal Agreement.

Following the meeting between President Juncker and Prime Minister May of 20 February 2019, discussions resumed and on 11 March 2019, they resulted in an agreement between Prime Minister May and the President of the European Commission Juncker on the Instrument relating to the Withdrawal Agreement and the Joint Statement supplementing the Political Declaration. On 21 March 2019, the European Council approved those two texts.

On 5 April 2019, the United Kingdom submitted another request to the European Council for an extension of the period provided for in Article 50(3) of the Treaty on European Union. On 11 April 2019, the European Council, in agreement with the United Kingdom, decided to further extend that period until 31 October 2019.

The European Council recalled that, under Article 50(3) TEU, the Withdrawal Agreement may enter into force on an earlier date, should the Parties complete their respective ratification procedures before 31 October 2019. Consequently, the withdrawal should take place on the first day of the month following the completion of the ratification procedures or on 1 November 2019, whichever is the earliest.

Furthermore, the Decision will cease to apply on 31 May 2019 in the event that the United Kingdom has not held elections to the European Parliament in accordance with applicable Union law and has not ratified the Withdrawal Agreement by 22 May 2019.

As a consequence, the date of entry into force of the Withdrawal Agreement has to be brought in line with the European Council Decision referred above.

CONTENT: the Commission proposes to amend Decision (EU) 2019/274 in order to adapt the date of entry into force of the withdrawal agreement to correspond to the deadline provided for in Article 50(3) of the TEU, as extended by the European Council in agreement with the United Kingdom.

2019/03/20
   CSL - Document attached to the procedure
Details

Subject: Instrument relating to the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community.

The instrument was approved at negotiator level, agreed between Prime Minister May and European Commission President Juncker on 11 March 2019 in Strasbourg, and approved by the European Commission on the same day.

The instrument sets out what the two parties to the withdrawal agreement have agreed on in a number of provisions of the withdrawal agreement, including the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland. It constitutes a document of reference that will have to be made use of if any issue arises in the implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement. To this effect, it has legal force and a binding character.

In this instrument, the Parties:

- reiterated the parties’ wish to establish a future partnership that is as close and strong as possible, given the global challenges they share, and underline their commitment to embark on preparations immediately after the signature of the Withdrawal Agreement to ensure that negotiations on the future relationship can start as soon as possible after the United Kingdom’s withdrawal;

- recalled that the parties do not wish the backstop solution in the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland to become applicable, that were it to do so it would represent a suboptimal trading arrangement for both sides, and that both parties are therefore determined to replace the backstop solution for Northern Ireland by a subsequent agreement that would ensure, on a permanent footing, the absence of a hard border on the island of Ireland, in full respect of the integrity of the Union’s internal market and of the territorial integrity of the United Kingdom;

- stressed that the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland will be subject to regular reviews in order for the Parties to consider whether that Protocol is still necessary or could cease to apply in whole or in part.

Documents
2019/03/20
   CSL - Document attached to the procedure
Details

Subject: Joint Statement supplementing the Political Declaration setting out the framework for the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

This text has been agreed at negotiators' level, agreed between Prime Minister May and the President of the European Commission Juncker on 11 March 2019 in Strasbourg, and has been endorsed by the European Commission on the same day.

The statement declares that:

(1) There is a shared and solemn regard for the vision for the future relationship detailed in the Political Declaration. The Union and the United Kingdom have committed to use best endeavours, in good faith and in full respect of the respective legal orders, to take necessary steps to negotiate expeditiously the agreements governing their future relationship referred to in the Political Declaration;

(2) The Union and the United Kingdom have the shared ambition to have the future relationship in place by the end of the transition period. To this end, the Union and the United Kingdom have confirmed that immediately following the United Kingdom’s withdrawal, they will take the steps necessary to begin formal negotiations;

(3) The Union and the United Kingdom will expeditiously: (a) identify those areas which are likely to require the greatest consideration, and the associated technical and legal issues that will need to be addressed, in order that the necessary technical preparations can be made on both sides; and (b) draw up a full schedule for the negotiations;

(4) In the context of open and fair competition, the Union notes the United Kingdom’s intention to ensure that its social and employment standards and its environmental standards do not regress from those in place at the end of the transition period, and to provide its Parliament the opportunity to consider future changes in Union law in these areas;

(5) Given the Union’s and the United Kingdom’s firm commitment to work at speed on a subsequent agreement that establishes by 31 December 2020 alternative arrangements such that the backstop solution in the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland will not need to be applied, a specific negotiating track will be established at the outset and as part of the negotiations to lead the analysis and development of these alternative arrangements.

In support of their work on alternative arrangements, both the Union and the United Kingdom will consult with private sector experts, businesses, trade unions, the institutions established under the Good Friday or Belfast Agreement, and appropriate involvement of parliaments.

Documents
2019/03/12
   EP - ULVSKOG Marita (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL
2019/02/20
   EP - MCALLISTER David (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in AFET
2019/01/30
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2019/01/11
   CSL - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2019/01/09
   CSL - Initial legislative proposal
Documents
2019/01/09
   EC - Initial legislative proposal published
Documents
2019/01/07
   CSL - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2019/01/07
   CSL - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2018/12/10
   EP - QUISTHOUDT-ROWOHL Godelieve (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in INTA
2018/12/06
   EP - VERHOFSTADT Guy (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in AFCO
2018/12/05
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/12/05
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2018/11/22
   CSL - Document attached to the procedure
Documents
2018/11/20
   EP - VĂLEAN Adina-Ioana (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI

Documents

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/2/rapporteur
  • name: DE SUTTER Petra date: 2019-11-06T00:00:00 group: Group of the Greens/European Free Alliance abbr: Verts/ALE
committees/0/shadows
  • name: HÜBNER Danuta Maria group: Group of European People's Party abbr: EPP
docs/13/summary
  • PURPOSE: to conclude the agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union.
  • PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.
  • ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.
  • BACKGROUND: the Council adopted the amended draft Council Decision on the conclusion of the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union, which is to be forwarded to the European Parliament for consent.
  • This Council draft follows the approval by the European Council (Article 50) of the withdrawal agreement reached by the European Commission negotiators and the United Kingdom negotiators on 17 October 2019.
  • CONTENT: the purpose of the draft Council Decision is to approve, on behalf of the Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union.
  • The Council draft:
  • - defines the arrangements for representing the Union in the Joint Committee and the specialised committees set up by the Agreement;
  • - specifies that whenever the Union is required to act to comply with the provisions of the Agreement, it must do so in accordance with the provisions of the Treaties, while respecting the limits of the powers conferred on each institution;
  • - defines, in accordance with Article 129(4) of the Agreement, the conditions and procedure for authorising the United Kingdom, during the transitional period, to negotiate, sign and ratify international agreements concluded in its own capacity in areas of exclusive competence of the Union;
  • - lays down the conditions and procedure for authorising Ireland, Cyprus and Spain to negotiate and conclude with the United Kingdom the bilateral agreements necessary for the proper functioning of the provisions laid down in the separate protocols regulating the special situations of Ireland and Northern Ireland, the Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus and Gibraltar, where such bilateral agreements concern areas falling within the exclusive competence of the Union;
  • - confers, according to Article 18(1) and (4) of the Agreement, implementing powers on the Commission to determine the period of validity, format and technical specifications of documents certifying their residence status or frontier worker status to be issued by host Member States to United Kingdom nationals and their family members, with a view to facilitating the recognition of such documents by border control authorities and to preventing falsification and counterfeiting through high-level security devices.
docs/15/summary
  • Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community.
  • The revised Withdrawal Agreement reached on 17 October 2019 follows intensive negotiations between the European Commission and British negotiators. The European Council, meeting in an EU-27 configuration, approved a revised Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland and a revised Political Declaration setting out the framework for future relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom.
  • All other elements of the Withdrawal Agreement remain unchanged in substance, as per the agreement reached on 14 November 2018. The Withdrawal Agreement brings legal certainty where the UK's withdrawal from the EU created uncertainty: citizens' rights, the financial settlement, a transition period at least until the end of 2020, governance, Protocols on Gibraltar and Cyprus, as well as a range of other separation issues.
  • The revised Withdrawal Agreement and revised Political Declaration agreed at the level of negotiators on both sides would allow for an orderly exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union.
  • Revised Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland
  • The revised Protocol provides a legally operational solution that avoids a hard border on the island of Ireland, protects the all-island economy and the Good Friday (Belfast) Agreement in all its dimensions and safeguards the integrity of the Single Market. This solution responds to the unique circumstances on the island of Ireland with the aim of protecting peace and stability.
  • In terms of regulations, Northern Ireland will remain aligned to a limited set of rules related to the EU's Single Market in order to avoid a hard border: legislation on goods, sanitary rules for veterinary controls (“SPS rules”), rules on agricultural production/marketing, VAT and excise in respect of goods, and state aid rules.
  • The revised Protocol will also avoid any customs borders on the island of Ireland, while ensuring that Northern Ireland remains part of the United Kingdom's customs territory. Northern Ireland will therefore be able to benefit from any future free trade agreements (FTAs) that the United Kingdom may conclude with third countries. The agreement fully protects the integrity of the EU's single market and customs union. The EU Customs Code will apply to all goods entering Northern Ireland. This will avoid customs controls and checks on the island of Ireland.
  • The necessary checks and controls will be carried out on goods entering Northern Ireland from the rest of the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom authorities will apply the provisions of Union law which the Protocol makes applicable to the United Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland. Thus, all controls will be carried out by the UK authorities with appropriate monitoring and enforcement mechanisms for the EU.
  • The customs duties in respect of a good being moved by direct transport to Northern Ireland other than from the Union or from another part of the United Kingdom shall be the duties applicable in the United Kingdom, unless that good is at risk of subsequently being moved into the Union, whether by itself or forming part of another good following processing.
  • Consent mechanism
  • The EU and the UK have agreed to create a new mechanism on ‘consent', which will give the Members of the Northern Ireland Assembly a decisive voice on the long-term application of relevant EU law in Northern Ireland. The Northern Ireland Assembly will be asked to provide continued support for the Protocol 4 years after the end of the transition period and every 4 years thereafter.
  • The revised Political Declaration
  • The main change in the Political Declaration relates to the future EU-UK economic relationship where the current UK government has opted for a model based on a Free Trade Agreement (FTA). The Political Declaration provides for an ambitious FTA with zero tariffs and quotas between the EU and the UK. It states that robust commitments on a level playing field should ensure open and fair competition.
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                        False
                        committee_full
                        Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
                        committee
                        ENVI
                        date
                        2018-11-20T00:00:00
                        rapporteur
                        name: VĂLEAN Adina-Ioana group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
                        committees/12
                        type
                        Former Committee Opinion
                        body
                        EP
                        associated
                        False
                        committee_full
                        Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
                        committee
                        ENVI
                        date
                        2018-11-20T00:00:00
                        rapporteur
                        name: VĂLEAN Adina-Ioana group: Group of European People's Party abbr: EPP
                        commission
                        • body: EC dg: Secretariat-General commissioner: JUNCKER Jean-Claude
                        committees
                        • type: Responsible Committee body: EP associated: False committee_full: Constitutional Affairs committee: AFCO date:
                        • type: Former Responsible Committee body: EP associated: False committee_full: Constitutional Affairs committee: AFCO date: 2018-12-06T00:00:00 rapporteur: name: VERHOFSTADT Guy group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
                        • type: Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Foreign Affairs committee: AFET date:
                        • type: Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: International Trade committee: INTA date:
                        • type: Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs committee: EMPL date:
                        • type: Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI date:
                        • type: Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Transport and Tourism committee: TRAN date:
                        • type: Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Legal Affairs committee: JURI date:
                        • type: Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs committee: LIBE date:
                        • type: Former Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Foreign Affairs committee: AFET date: 2019-02-20T00:00:00 rapporteur: name: MCALLISTER David group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
                        • type: Former Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: International Trade committee: INTA date: 2018-12-10T00:00:00 rapporteur: name: QUISTHOUDT-ROWOHL Godelieve group: Group of European People's Party abbr: EPP
                        • type: Former Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs committee: EMPL date: 2019-03-12T00:00:00 rapporteur: name: ULVSKOG Marita group: Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats abbr: S&D
                        • type: Former Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI date: 2018-11-20T00:00:00 rapporteur: name: VĂLEAN Adina-Ioana group: Group of European People's Party abbr: EPP
                        • type: Former Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Transport and Tourism committee: TRAN date:
                        • type: Former Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Legal Affairs committee: JURI date:
                        • type: Former Committee Opinion body: EP associated: False committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs committee: LIBE date:
                        docs
                        • date: 2018-11-22T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=21095%2F18&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 21095/2018 type: Document attached to the procedure body: CSL
                        • date: 2018-12-05T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0834/COM_COM(2018)0834_EN.pdf title: COM(2018)0834 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2018&nu_doc=0834 title: EUR-Lex type: Initial legislative proposal body: EC
                        • date: 2018-12-05T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0833/COM_COM(2018)0833_EN.pdf title: COM(2018)0833 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2018&nu_doc=0833 title: EUR-Lex type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
                        • date: 2018-12-05T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0841/COM_COM(2018)0841_EN.pdf title: COM(2018)0841 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2018&nu_doc=0841 title: EUR-Lex type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
                        • date: 2019-01-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=21106%2F18&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 21106/2018 type: Document attached to the procedure body: CSL
                        • date: 2019-01-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=21116%2F18&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 21116/2018 type: Document attached to the procedure body: CSL
                        • date: 2019-01-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=21107%2F18&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 21107/2018 type: Document attached to the procedure body: CSL
                        • date: 2019-03-20T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=21014%2F19&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 21014/2019 summary: Subject: Instrument relating to the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. The instrument was approved at negotiator level, agreed between Prime Minister May and European Commission President Juncker on 11 March 2019 in Strasbourg, and approved by the European Commission on the same day. The instrument sets out what the two parties to the withdrawal agreement have agreed on in a number of provisions of the withdrawal agreement, including the Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland. It constitutes a document of reference that will have to be made use of if any issue arises in the implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement. To this effect, it has legal force and a binding character. In this instrument, the Parties: - reiterated the parties’ wish to establish a future partnership that is as close and strong as possible, given the global challenges they share, and underline their commitment to embark on preparations immediately after the signature of the Withdrawal Agreement to ensure that negotiations on the future relationship can start as soon as possible after the United Kingdom’s withdrawal; - recalled that the parties do not wish the backstop solution in the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland to become applicable, that were it to do so it would represent a suboptimal trading arrangement for both sides, and that both parties are therefore determined to replace the backstop solution for Northern Ireland by a subsequent agreement that would ensure, on a permanent footing, the absence of a hard border on the island of Ireland, in full respect of the integrity of the Union’s internal market and of the territorial integrity of the United Kingdom; - stressed that the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland will be subject to regular reviews in order for the Parties to consider whether that Protocol is still necessary or could cease to apply in whole or in part. type: Document attached to the procedure body: CSL
                        • date: 2019-03-20T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=21018%2F19&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 21018/2019 summary: Subject: Joint Statement supplementing the Political Declaration setting out the framework for the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. This text has been agreed at negotiators' level, agreed between Prime Minister May and the President of the European Commission Juncker on 11 March 2019 in Strasbourg, and has been endorsed by the European Commission on the same day. The statement declares that: (1) There is a shared and solemn regard for the vision for the future relationship detailed in the Political Declaration. The Union and the United Kingdom have committed to use best endeavours, in good faith and in full respect of the respective legal orders, to take necessary steps to negotiate expeditiously the agreements governing their future relationship referred to in the Political Declaration; (2) The Union and the United Kingdom have the shared ambition to have the future relationship in place by the end of the transition period. To this end, the Union and the United Kingdom have confirmed that immediately following the United Kingdom’s withdrawal, they will take the steps necessary to begin formal negotiations; (3) The Union and the United Kingdom will expeditiously: (a) identify those areas which are likely to require the greatest consideration, and the associated technical and legal issues that will need to be addressed, in order that the necessary technical preparations can be made on both sides; and (b) draw up a full schedule for the negotiations; (4) In the context of open and fair competition, the Union notes the United Kingdom’s intention to ensure that its social and employment standards and its environmental standards do not regress from those in place at the end of the transition period, and to provide its Parliament the opportunity to consider future changes in Union law in these areas; (5) Given the Union’s and the United Kingdom’s firm commitment to work at speed on a subsequent agreement that establishes by 31 December 2020 alternative arrangements such that the backstop solution in the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland will not need to be applied, a specific negotiating track will be established at the outset and as part of the negotiations to lead the analysis and development of these alternative arrangements. In support of their work on alternative arrangements, both the Union and the United Kingdom will consult with private sector experts, businesses, trade unions, the institutions established under the Good Friday or Belfast Agreement, and appropriate involvement of parliaments. type: Document attached to the procedure body: CSL
                        • date: 2019-04-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=21027%2F19&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 21027/2019 summary: Following the decision of EU leaders on 10 April 2019 to extend the deadline provided for in Article 50, the Council (article 50) approved an amended draft decision on the conclusion of the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and decided to forward it to the European Parliament for its request for approval launched by the Council on 11 January 2019. At the special summit on 10 April EU leaders agreed an extension of Article 50 until the end of October 2019. If the withdrawal agreement is ratified by both sides earlier, the UK will leave on the first day of the following month, leaders said. The decision was taken in agreement with the UK. The date of entry into force of the withdrawal agreement is therefore adjusted to correspond to the deadline provided for in Article 50(3) of the TEU, as extended by the European Council in agreement with the United Kingdom. type: Document attached to the procedure body: CSL
                        • date: 2019-04-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=21028%2F19&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 21028/2019 summary: Following the decision of EU leaders on 10 April 2019 to extend the deadline provided for in Article 50, the Council approved an amended draft decision on the conclusion of the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community and decided to forward it to the European Parliament for its request for approval launched by the Council on 11 January 2019. At the special summit on 10 April EU leaders agreed an extension of Article 50 until the end of October 2019. If the withdrawal agreement is ratified by both sides earlier, the UK will leave on the first day of the following month, leaders said. The decision was taken in agreement with the UK. The date of entry into force of the withdrawal agreement is therefore adjusted to correspond to the deadline provided for in Article 50(3) of the TEU, as extended by the European Council in agreement with the United Kingdom. type: Document attached to the procedure body: CSL
                        • date: 2019-04-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2019/0194/COM_COM(2019)0194_EN.pdf title: COM(2019)0194 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2019&nu_doc=0194 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: amend Decision (EU) 2019/274 on the signing, on behalf of the European Union and of the European Atomic Energy Community, of the Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. BACKGROUND: on 11 January 2019, the Council adopted Decision (EU) 2019/274 authorising the signature of the Withdrawal Agreement and transmitted the draft Council Decision on the conclusion of the Withdrawal Agreement to the European Parliament for its consent. The Withdrawal Agreement provides 30 March 2019 as date of entry into force of the agreement. However, the Government of the United Kingdom did not obtain the necessary support from its Parliament to proceed with the signature and ratification of the Withdrawal Agreement. Following the meeting between President Juncker and Prime Minister May of 20 February 2019, discussions resumed and on 11 March 2019, they resulted in an agreement between Prime Minister May and the President of the European Commission Juncker on the Instrument relating to the Withdrawal Agreement and the Joint Statement supplementing the Political Declaration. On 21 March 2019, the European Council approved those two texts. On 5 April 2019, the United Kingdom submitted another request to the European Council for an extension of the period provided for in Article 50(3) of the Treaty on European Union. On 11 April 2019, the European Council, in agreement with the United Kingdom, decided to further extend that period until 31 October 2019. The European Council recalled that, under Article 50(3) TEU, the Withdrawal Agreement may enter into force on an earlier date, should the Parties complete their respective ratification procedures before 31 October 2019. Consequently, the withdrawal should take place on the first day of the month following the completion of the ratification procedures or on 1 November 2019, whichever is the earliest. Furthermore, the Decision will cease to apply on 31 May 2019 in the event that the United Kingdom has not held elections to the European Parliament in accordance with applicable Union law and has not ratified the Withdrawal Agreement by 22 May 2019. As a consequence, the date of entry into force of the Withdrawal Agreement has to be brought in line with the European Council Decision referred above. CONTENT: the Commission proposes to amend Decision (EU) 2019/274 in order to adapt the date of entry into force of the withdrawal agreement to correspond to the deadline provided for in Article 50(3) of the TEU, as extended by the European Council in agreement with the United Kingdom. type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
                        events
                        • date: 2018-12-05T00:00:00 type: Initial legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2018/0834/COM_COM(2018)0834_EN.pdf title: COM(2018)0834 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2018&nu_doc=0834 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to approve the conclusion of the agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. PROPOSED ACT: Council decision. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act. BACKGROUND: on 29 March 2017, the United Kingdom notified the European Council of its intention to withdraw from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. On 22 May 2017, the Council authorised the Commission to open negotiations with the United Kingdom with a view to concluding an agreement laying down the arrangements for its withdrawal, taking into account the framework of its future relations with the Union. The agreement was negotiated in the light of the European Council's guidelines and in accordance with the Council's negotiating directives and with the European Parliament's resolutions of 5 April 2017 , 3 October 2017 , 13 December 2017 and 14 March 2018 . On 14 November 2018, negotiators for the European Commission and the United Kingdom reached agreement on the full withdrawal agreement and on the broad lines of the political declaration on future relations between the EU and the United Kingdom. An agreement on future relations between the Union and the United Kingdom can only be concluded after the United Kingdom has become a third country. However, Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union requires that the framework for future relations with the Union be taken into account in the agreement setting out the arrangements for withdrawal. The withdrawal agreement sets out the terms and conditions for the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the EU. It ensures that the withdrawal shall be carried out in an orderly manner, and provides legal certainty once the Treaties and Union law have ceased to apply in the United Kingdom. The withdrawal agreement is necessary to mitigate any negative effects on the European economy and the Union budget, protect the rights of the European citizens living and working in the United Kingdom, as well as safeguard the goal of peace and reconciliation in the island of Ireland. CONTENT: the Commission proposes that the Council decide to approve, on behalf of the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, the agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. The Commission's draft text proposal for the withdrawal agreement consists of 185 articles structured in six parts, three protocols and nine annexes. The areas concerned are as follows: Part 1: Common Provisions The agreement sets out the clauses necessary to ensure the correct understanding, operation and interpretation of the withdrawal agreement. The provisions of the withdrawal agreement were clearly to have the same legal effects in the United Kingdom as in the EU and its Member States. The agreement expressly provides for this obligation, which means that both parties must ensure, in their respective legal systems, primacy and direct effect, as well as a consistent interpretation with the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) prior to the end of the transitional period. Part 2: Citizens' Rights The agreement lays down provisions to safeguard the status and rights derived from Union law of EU and UK citizens, and their families, affected by the United Kingdom withdrawal. The basic conditions for residence are and will remain the same as those currently provided for under EU law on free movement. Persons covered by the withdrawal agreement will have the right to take up paid employment or engage in economic activity as self-employed workers. They will also retain all the rights they enjoy as workers under Union law. The withdrawal agreement will also protect the rights of employed or self-employed frontier workers in the countries where they work. As regards the rules on the coordination of social security systems, persons benefiting from the part of the withdrawal agreement devoted to citizens' rights will retain their rights to health care, a pension and other social security benefits. Part 3: Separation Provisions These provisions are intended to ensure a smooth termination of the current arrangements and to ensure an orderly withdrawal (for example, to allow goods placed on the market before the end of the transitional period to reach their destination, to protect existing intellectual property rights, to put an end to ongoing police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters, to regulate the use of data and information exchanged before the end of the transitional period). Part 4 - Transition Period The withdrawal agreement provides for a transition period until the end of 2020. During this period, the full acquis of the Union will continue to apply to the United Kingdom as if it were a Member State. The United Kingdom will thus continue to be part of the EU's customs union and single market (with the four freedoms) and to participate in the Union's policies. From the date of withdrawal (i.e. including during the transitional period), the United Kingdom will no longer be represented in the Union's institutions and will no longer participate in the Union's decision-making process. During the transition period, the United Kingdom will have to comply with the EU's trade policy and will continue to be bound by the Union's exclusive competence, in particular with regard to the common trade policy. It will not be able to conclude new agreements on its own in areas of exclusive Union competence, unless it is authorised to do so by the Union. The withdrawal agreement provides for the possibility of extending the transition period. This possibility may only be used once, the decision to this effect having to be taken before 1 July 2020. Part 5: Financial Provisions Under the withdrawal agreement, the United Kingdom will honour its share of the financing of all obligations incurred during its membership of the Union relating to the EU budget (and in particular the multiannual financial framework 2014-2020, including payments made after the end of the transitional period linked to the closure of programmes). Part 6: Institutional Provisions The agreement sets out rules for the consistent interpretation and application of the agreement and establishes a Joint Committee as well as a dispute settlement mechanism. The withdrawal agreement also provides for: - a protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland including the provisions necessary for the so-called “backstop” solution for avoiding a hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. This will apply unless and until it is superseded, in whole or in part, by any subsequent agreement. The Protocol creates a single EU-UK customs territory. It also provides for a range of measures to ensure a level playing field between the EU and the United Kingdom. In this protocol, the United Kingdom undertakes not to reduce the rights set out in the Good Friday Agreement (Belfast Agreement) of 1998, and to protect North-South cooperation; - a Protocol on Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus , to protect the interests of Cypriots living and working in the Sovereign Base Areas after the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union; - a Protocol on Gibraltar , which provides for close cooperation between Spain and the United Kingdom on Gibraltar, as regards the implementation of the provisions of the withdrawal agreement relating to citizens' rights, and which concerns administrative cooperation between the competent authorities in a number of policy areas. BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS: the only budgetary impact of the withdrawal agreement (EUR 288 million per year over 4 years) stems from the establishment of the Joint Committee which will supervise and facilitate the implementation and application of the withdrawal agreement.
                        • date: 2019-01-09T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=21105%2F18&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 21105/1/2018 summary: PURPOSE: to approve the conclusion of the agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. PROPOSED ACT: Council decision. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act. BACKGROUND: the agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, once signed, should be approved on behalf of the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. CONTENT: the purpose of the draft Council Decision is to approve, on behalf of the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, the agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. The withdrawal agreement consists of 185 articles structured in six parts, three protocols and nine annexes. The areas concerned are as follows: - Part I (common provisions) sets out the clauses necessary to ensure the correct understanding, operation and interpretation of the withdrawal agreement; - Part 2 (citizens' rights) sets out the provisions to preserve the status and rights, as derived from Union law, of Union and United Kingdom citizens and their families who are affected by the withdrawal of the United Kingdom; - Part 3 (separation provisions) aims to ensure an orderly withdrawal (for example, to allow goods placed on the market before the end of the transitional period to reach their destination, to protect existing intellectual property rights, to put an end to ongoing police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters, to regulate the use of data and information exchanged before the end of the transitional period); - Part 4 (transition period) provides for a transition period until the end of 2020. During this period, the full acquis of the Union will continue to apply to the United Kingdom as if it were a Member State; - Part 5 (financial provisions) to ensure that the United Kingdom and the EU will honour all financial obligations entered into while the United Kingdom was a member of the Union; - Part 6 (governance structure) to ensure the effective management, implementation and implementation of the agreement, including appropriate dispute resolution mechanisms. The agreement also contains: - a protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland including the provisions necessary for the so-called “backstop” solution for avoiding a hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. In this protocol, the United Kingdom undertakes not to reduce the rights set out in the Good Friday Agreement (Belfast Agreement) of 1998, and to protect North-South cooperation; - a Protocol on Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus ; - a Protocol on Gibraltar , which provides for close cooperation between Spain and the United Kingdom on Gibraltar, as regards the implementation of the provisions of the withdrawal agreement relating to citizens' rights. The Council's draft specifies in particular the following points: Joint Committee The draft Decision defines the modalities of the Union's representation in the Joint Committee and the specialised committees established by the Agreement. The Commission is to represent the Union and to express the Union's positions as established by the Council. One or more Member States may request that the representative of the Commission be accompanied, as part of the Union delegation, by a representative of that Member State or those Member States at a meeting of the Joint Committee or a specialised committee. The European Parliament shall be put in a position to exercise fully its institutional prerogatives throughout the process. During the first five years after the entry into force of the Agreement, the Commission shall report annually to the European Parliament and to the Council on the implementation and application of the Agreement. International agreements During the transitional period, the United Kingdom may negotiate, sign and ratify international agreements entered into in its own capacity in the areas of exclusive competence of the Union provided those agreements do not enter into force or apply during the transition period, unless so authorised by the Union. Such authorisation may only be granted if: - the United Kingdom has demonstrated a specific interest in the international agreement in question already entering into force or applying during the transition period; - the international agreement in question is compatible with Union law applicable to and in the United Kingdom in accordance with Article 127 of the Agreement and is compatible with the obligations referred to in Article 129(1) of the Agreement; and - the entry into force or application of the international agreement in question during the transition period would neither put at risk the attainment of an objective of the Union's external action in the area concerned nor be otherwise prejudicial to the Union's interest. Right of residence Under the Agreement, host Member States are to issue to United Kingdom nationals, their respective family members and other persons who fall within the scope of Title II of Part Two of the Agreement a document evidencing their residence status in accordance with the Agreement. Implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission to establish the validity period, format of such documents and technical specifications for such documents. Ireland and Northern Ireland The Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland provides that the Union must draw up the specimen and explanatory notes for the A. UK. movement certificate and the specimen for the label to be affixed on the postal consignments referred to in the provisions of the protocol. Implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission to establish the format of such specimens and explanatory notes, including any technical specifications. Institutions On the date of entry into force of the Agreement, the mandates of all members of institutions, bodies and agencies of the Union who were nominated, appointed or elected in relation to the United Kingdom's membership of the Union end automatically as a result of the withdrawal. For more details on the content of the agreement, please refer to the summary of the European Commission's initial proposal dated 5.12.2018.
                        • date: 2019-01-30T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
                        procedure
                        reference
                        2018/0427(NLE)
                        title
                        Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community
                        subject
                        geographical_area
                        United Kingdom
                        type
                        NLE - Non-legislative enactments
                        subtype
                        Consent by Parliament
                        legal_basis
                        stage_reached
                        Awaiting committee decision
                        dossier_of_the_committee
                        AFCO/9/00395