BETA


2018/2573(RSP) Resolution on the framework of the future EU-UK relationship

Progress: Procedure completed

Legal Basis:
RoP 132-p2

Events

2018/03/14
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2018/03/14
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2018/03/14
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2018/03/14
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 544 votes to 110, with 51 abstentions, a resolution on the framework of the future EU-UK relationship.

The text adopted in plenary was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ALDE, GUE/NGL and Greens/EFA groups.

The purpose of negotiations between the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom (UK) pursuant to Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) is to provide for an orderly withdrawal of the UK from the EU. Article 50 TEU states that the arrangements for the UK’s withdrawal should take account of the framework for its future relationship with the Union.

Following the negotiations on separation issues which took place in December 2017, it is appropriate that negotiations can now deal with the framework of the future EU-UK relationship. Any agreement on a framework for a future relationship will be treated as integral to the overall withdrawal settlement and will inform the European Parliament’s deliberations during its consent procedure.

Although the UK and the EU will remain close neighbours and will continue to have many interests in common, the United Kingdom will become a third country after withdrawal whatever framework is agreed for its future relationship with the EU. Such a close relationship in the form of an association agreement between the EU and the UK could be considered an appropriate framework for the future relationship by which these common interests can be protected and promoted, including a new trade relationship .

Framework for the future relationship : although the UK will continue to be an important partner for the EU in all four main pillars that the future relationship should be based on ( trade and economic relations, foreign policy, security cooperation and development cooperation, internal security, thematic cooperation ), the resolution noted that such cooperation with the UK, as a third country, can only take place in strict concordance with the principles laid down by the European Parliament. Parliament recalled that the EU has binding common rules , common institutions and common supervisory, enforcement and adjudicatory mechanisms and that third countries, even those with identical legislation or full regulatory alignment, are not able to enjoy the same benefits or market access as EU Member States, for instance in relation to the four freedoms and financial contributions from the EU budget.

Trade and economic relations : the resolution recalled that internal market participation requires the incorporation of corresponding EU rules, a level playing field, including through a competition and state aid regime, binding CJEU jurisprudence and contributions to the EU budget. It noted that a customs union removes tariff barriers and some customs controls, but requires compliance with EU trade policy and a common external border. It took note that the UK Government continues to rule out both the internal market and the customs union .

However, leaving the internal market would lead to the UK losing both passporting rights for financial services and the possibility of opening branches in the EU subject to UK supervision. Parliament underlined that an EU-UK agreement should include a robust dispute settlement mechanism as well as governance structures.

The UK’s current position would lead to customs checks and verification which would affect global supply chains and manufacturing processes, even if tariff barriers can be avoided. The importance of a high level of alignment between the Single EU VAT Area and the UK was stressed.

Foreign policy, security cooperation and development cooperation : as a third country, the UK will not be able to participate in the EU’s decision-making process, however, Members pointed out that this does not exclude consultation mechanisms that would allow the UK to align with EU foreign policy positions, joint actions, notably on human rights, or multilateral cooperation, especially in the frameworks of the UN, OSCE and Council of Europe.

Internal security : Parliament stressed that it is in the mutual interest of the EU and the UK to establish a partnership that ensures continued security cooperation to face shared threats, especially terrorism and organised crime, and avoids the disruption of information flows in this field.

Governance of the future agreement : Parliament pointed out that any future EU-UK agreement with the UK as a third country should include the establishment of a coherent and solid governance system. It agreed with the idea of setting up a joint committee responsible for overseeing the implementation of the agreement, addressing divergences of interpretation and implementing agreed corrective measures in good faith, and fully ensuring the EU’s regulatory autonomy, including the legislative prerogatives of the European Parliament and the Council.

Level playing field : Parliament strongly believes that the UK should adhere to the evolving standards on taxation and anti-money laundering legislation within the Union acquis, including tax transparency, the exchange of information on tax matters and anti-tax avoidance measures. It reiterated the need to set up safeguards to ensure the maintenance both of high standards and a level playing field in the areas of environmental protection, action against climate change, food safety and public health.

Citizens’ rights : addressing all outstanding issues with regard to citizens’ rights and making sure that the rights of EU citizens legally residing in the UK and of UK citizens legally residing in EU-27 are not affected by Brexit will be one of the key issues for Parliament´s consent. Parliament takes note of the provisions on the administrative procedures to acquire permanent resident status and insisted on the need to enable families to initiate the procedure by means of a single form that is declaratory in nature and places the burden of proof on the UK authorities. It insisted that future free movement rights across the whole EU for UK citizens currently resident in an EU-27 Member State are guaranteed, as well as voting rights in local elections for all citizens covered by the Withdrawal Agreement. It also called for the lifelong right for EU citizens covered by the Withdrawal Agreement to return to the UK.

It insisted that during the transition period any EU citizens coming to the UK enjoy the same rights as those who arrived before the start of the transition period. It rejected, in this context, the proposal in the recent policy paper published by the UK Government that maintains the discrimination between EU citizens who arrive before the start of the transition period and those who arrive after.

Ireland and Northern Ireland : Parliament recalled the importance of the UK’s commitment to ensure that there will be no reduction in rights, including social and democratic rights, safeguards and equality of opportunity as set out in the Good Friday Agreement.

Transitional period : the resolution reiterated that after the withdrawal date the UK will no longer be part of the EU institutions and bodies and no longer contribute to decision-making, and that transition can only consist of the prolongation of the EU acquis and the continued application of existing EU regulatory, budgetary, supervisory, judicial and enforcement instruments and structures to the UK. It reiterated that all the rights conferred to citizens by Union law should be extended throughout the transition period. This should also apply to EU citizens arriving in the UK during the transition period , who should benefit from exactly the same rights, especially concerning child allowances, family reunification and access to judicial redress with the CJEU.

Documents
2018/03/14
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2018/03/13
   EP - Debate in Parliament

Documents

Activities

Votes

B8-0134/2018 - Résolution 14/03/2018 12:16:23.000 #

2018/03/14 Outcome: -: 593, +: 67, 0: 29
LU EE CY MT LV SI AT IE SK EL LT HR DK SE FI BG HU CZ BE NL GB PT FR RO PL IT ES DE
Total
6
6
6
6
7
8
17
9
10
18
11
11
12
17
13
17
20
21
20
25
64
20
67
31
46
64
48
87
icon: ENF ENF
33

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

Against (1)

4

United Kingdom ENF

For (1)

1

Poland ENF

1

Germany ENF

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
41

Lithuania EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Germany EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
17

Denmark NI

Against (1)

1
3

United Kingdom NI

2

France NI

Against (1)

3

Romania NI

Against (1)

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

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1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Italy GUE/NGL

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
47

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

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1

Estonia Verts/ALE

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1

Latvia Verts/ALE

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1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

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1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

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1

Croatia Verts/ALE

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1

Denmark Verts/ALE

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1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

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1

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6

France Verts/ALE

5

Italy Verts/ALE

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1
icon: ECR ECR
60

Cyprus ECR

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1

Slovakia ECR

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1

Lithuania ECR

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1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Czechia ECR

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Netherlands ECR

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Abstain (1)

2

Romania ECR

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1

Italy ECR

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
66

Luxembourg ALDE

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1

Estonia ALDE

3

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

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1

Ireland ALDE

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1

Croatia ALDE

2

Denmark ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

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1

Portugal ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

3
4
icon: S&D S&D
173

Luxembourg S&D

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1

Estonia S&D

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1

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

3

Latvia S&D

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1

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Ireland S&D

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1
3

Greece S&D

3

Lithuania S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Czechia S&D

4

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
206

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

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1

Cyprus PPE

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1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

Abstain (1)

1

B8-0135/2018 - Am 3 14/03/2018 12:16:46.000 #

2018/03/14 Outcome: -: 572, +: 86, 0: 42
CY DK GB LU EE MT LV SI AT IE SK FI EL LT HR SE NL HU CZ BG BE PT FR RO IT PL ES DE
Total
6
12
68
6
6
6
7
8
17
9
10
13
19
11
11
17
25
20
21
17
20
20
69
32
64
47
48
89
icon: EFDD EFDD
42

Lithuania EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Germany EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
33

United Kingdom ENF

For (1)

1

Belgium ENF

Against (1)

1

Poland ENF

1

Germany ENF

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
17

Denmark NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

2

France NI

Abstain (1)

3

Romania NI

Abstain (1)

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Cyprus ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark ECR

Abstain (1)

3

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Finland ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Italy ECR

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

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1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Finland GUE/NGL

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1

Sweden GUE/NGL

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1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Italy GUE/NGL

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
50

Denmark Verts/ALE

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1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

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1

Estonia Verts/ALE

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1

Latvia Verts/ALE

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1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

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1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

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1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

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1

Croatia Verts/ALE

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1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Italy Verts/ALE

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1
icon: ALDE ALDE
66

Denmark ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

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1

Estonia ALDE

3

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

3
4
icon: S&D S&D
177

Cyprus S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Ireland S&D

Against (1)

1
3

Finland S&D

2

Greece S&D

3

Lithuania S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

4
icon: PPE PPE
208

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

B8-0135/2018 - Am 14 14/03/2018 12:17:02.000 #

2018/03/14 Outcome: -: 490, +: 186, 0: 20
GB EL CY MT DK FI IE LT LU EE HR PL LV SK SI NL CZ AT FR BE SE BG PT HU IT RO ES DE
Total
67
18
6
6
12
13
9
10
6
6
11
47
7
10
8
25
21
17
69
21
17
17
20
20
63
32
48
88
icon: ECR ECR
62

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1
2

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
41

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Germany EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
33

United Kingdom ENF

For (1)

1

Poland ENF

1

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Germany ENF

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Abstain (2)

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

France GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Italy GUE/NGL

3
icon: NI NI
17

United Kingdom NI

2

Denmark NI

Against (1)

1

Poland NI

1

Romania NI

1

Germany NI

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
50

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

France Verts/ALE

Against (2)

6

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Italy Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
66

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

3

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

3
4
icon: S&D S&D
176

Greece S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Malta S&D

Against (1)

3

Denmark S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Ireland S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1
3

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

4

Bulgaria S&D

Abstain (1)

4
icon: PPE PPE
206

United Kingdom PPE

Abstain (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

B8-0135/2018 - Am 15 14/03/2018 12:17:19.000 #

2018/03/14 Outcome: -: 602, 0: 52, +: 43
CY EL IE MT LU EE LV SI HR LT DK SK FI AT PT SE BG HU CZ BE NL ES RO IT PL FR GB DE
Total
6
17
9
6
6
6
7
8
11
11
12
10
13
16
20
17
17
20
21
21
25
48
32
64
47
69
68
88
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

Abstain (2)

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Italy GUE/NGL

3

France GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
17

Denmark NI

Against (1)

1
3

Romania NI

Against (1)

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Germany NI

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
33

Belgium ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ENF

4

Poland ENF

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ENF

Against (1)

1

Germany ENF

Abstain (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
42

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Germany EFDD

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
50

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Italy Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

France Verts/ALE

Against (2)

6

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6
icon: ECR ECR
61

Cyprus ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Italy ECR

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
66

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Denmark ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1
4
icon: S&D S&D
175

Cyprus S&D

2

Greece S&D

3

Ireland S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Malta S&D

Against (1)

Abstain (2)

3

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2
3

Finland S&D

2

Bulgaria S&D

Abstain (1)

4

Czechia S&D

4

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
208

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

2

B8-0135/2018 - Am 4 14/03/2018 12:17:34.000 #

2018/03/14 Outcome: -: 592, +: 82, 0: 23
EL CY DK GB LU EE MT LV SI HR AT IE SK LT FI SE HU NL BG PT CZ BE FR RO PL ES IT DE
Total
18
6
12
67
6
6
6
7
8
11
17
9
10
11
12
17
20
25
17
20
21
21
69
31
47
48
64
89
icon: ENF ENF
33

United Kingdom ENF

For (1)

1

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Poland ENF

1

Germany ENF

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
42

Lithuania EFDD

Against (1)

1

Sweden EFDD

2

Czechia EFDD

For (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1

Germany EFDD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
17

Denmark NI

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

2

France NI

Against (1)

3

Romania NI

Against (1)

1

Poland NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
62

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Cyprus ECR

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Czechia ECR

2

Romania ECR

Against (1)

1

Italy ECR

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

Against (1)

3

Italy GUE/NGL

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Italy Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
66

Denmark ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Portugal ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

3
4
icon: S&D S&D
176

Greece S&D

3

Cyprus S&D

2

Denmark S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Ireland S&D

Against (1)

1
3

Lithuania S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

4
icon: PPE PPE
206

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom PPE

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1