BETA


2018/2844(RSP) Resolution on the rule of law in Romania

Progress: Procedure completed

Legal Basis:
RoP 132-p2

Events

2019/03/11
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2018/11/13
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2018/11/13
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2018/11/13
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted 473 votes to 151 with 40 abstentions a resolution on the rule of law in Romania.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, ALDE, Greens/EFA, and GUE/NGL groups.

Stressing the importance of guaranteeing common European values and fundamental rights, Parliament stated it was deeply concerned at the redrafted legislation relating to the Romanian judicial and criminal legislation , regarding specifically its potential to structurally undermine the independence of the judicial system and the capacity to fight corruption effectively in Romania. Members noted that the independence of the judiciary is an essential requirement of the democratic principle of the separation of powers. They urged the Romanian Parliament and Government to fully implement all recommendations of the European Commission, GRECO and the Venice Commission , and to refrain from conducting any reform that would put at risk respect for the rule of law, including the independence of the judiciary. In this respect, Members noted that, in its report on Romania of April 2018, the Council of Europe’s Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) expressed serious concern about certain aspects of the laws on the status of judges and prosecutors and on draft amendments to the criminal legislation, questioning the legislative process, and suggesting implicit violation of anti-corruption standards. The Venice Commissions reports of October 2018 also expressed fears that the draft legislation in question could result in pressure on judges and prosecutors, and ultimately, undermine the independence of the judiciary. Parliament encouraged proactively seeking evaluation by the Venice Commission of the legislative measures at stake before their final approval.

It called on the Romanian authorities to:

put in place safeguards in order to assure a transparent and legal basis for any institutional cooperation and avoid any interference that circumvents the checks and balances system; counter any measures which would decriminalise corruption in office , and to apply the national anti-corruption strategy.

Parliament also called for parliamentary control over the intelligence services to be reinforced. It noted the ongoing debate with regard to the role of the Romanian Intelligence Service (SRI) and its alleged interference with the activities of the Romanian judiciary, raising questions as to the possible extent and modalities of such interference.

On the issue of corruption, Members reiterated their regret that the Commission decided not to publish the EU Anti-Corruption Report in 2017, and invited the Commission to develop a system of strict indicators and easily applicable, uniform criteria to measure the level of corruption in the Member States and evaluate their anti-corruption policies, in line with Parliament’s resolution of 8 March 2016 on the Annual Report 2014 on the Protection of the EU’s Financial Interests.

Parliament went on to condemn the violent and disproportionate intervention by the police during the mass protests in Bucharest in August 2018. It called on the Romanian authorities to ensure a transparent, impartial and effective investigation into the actions of the riot police.

Noting that the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe has called on Romania to reject the recently proposed draft laws imposing additional financial reporting obligations on NGOs, Members strongly recommended reconsideration of the legislation on the financing, organisation and functioning of NGOs with regard to its potential intimidating effect on civil society and its entry into conflict with the principle of freedom of association and the right to privacy. They believed that such laws should be brought fully into line with the EU framework.

Lastly, Parliament called on the Commission, as guardian of the Treaties, to monitor the follow-up given to the recommendations by the Romanian authorities, while continuing to offer full support to Romania in finding adequate solutions. The Romanian Government, in turn, was called upon to cooperate with the European Commission, pursuant to the principle of sincere cooperation as set out in the Treaty.

Documents
2018/11/13
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2018/10/03
   EP - Debate in Parliament

Documents

Activities

Votes

B8-0522/2018 - Am 2 13/11/2018 12:26:41.000

2018/11/13 Outcome: -: 586, 0: 40, +: 36
?? CY EE EL MT LU LV IE SI PT LT FI HR DK SK BG CZ HU SE AT BE NL RO ES IT PL FR GB DE
Total
1
4
3
19
5
6
6
9
8
19
9
10
11
12
12
14
20
17
19
17
18
22
26
50
62
45
65
64
87
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
43

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

3

Finland GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Italy GUE/NGL

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2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
19

NI

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark NI

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1

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1

France NI

2

United Kingdom NI

4

Germany NI

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2
icon: EFDD EFDD
39

Lithuania EFDD

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1

Czechia EFDD

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1

Poland EFDD

1

France EFDD

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5

Germany EFDD

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1
icon: ENF ENF
29

Belgium ENF

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1

Netherlands ENF

3

Poland ENF

2

Germany ENF

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

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1

Latvia Verts/ALE

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1

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6
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1

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3
icon: ECR ECR
63

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1

B8-0522/2018 - Am 3 13/11/2018 12:26:55.000

2018/11/13 Outcome: -: 440, +: 166, 0: 53
IT PT CY ?? MT EL EE LV SK IE LU LT SI CZ HR FI AT DK RO BE BG HU ES NL SE GB FR DE PL
Total
61
18
4
1
5
20
4
5
12
9
6
10
8
19
11
10
18
12
26
19
15
17
47
22
19
62
65
87
45
icon: S&D S&D
159

Cyprus S&D

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1

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2

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1
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3

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1
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Portugal GUE/NGL

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4

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1

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3

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3

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1

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3

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1

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1
icon: NI NI
18

NI

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1

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1

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1

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3

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2

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2
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39

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1

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1

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1

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1
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30

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3

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2
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6
icon: ECR ECR
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63

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3
icon: PPE PPE
190

Cyprus PPE

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1

United Kingdom PPE

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1

B8-0522/2018 - Am 12/1 13/11/2018 12:27:46.000

2018/11/13 Outcome: -: 333, +: 323, 0: 19
IT HU PT RO EL NL CZ SE IE DK EE AT FR ?? ES FI CY BG BE MT LT LU LV SK HR SI DE GB PL
Total
63
16
19
26
20
24
19
19
9
12
4
18
66
1
50
10
4
15
19
5
10
6
6
12
11
8
92
64
45
icon: S&D S&D
170

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

3

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1

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2

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1
icon: ALDE ALDE
63

Portugal ALDE

1

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3

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1

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2

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1

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3

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1

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1

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2

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1
3

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1
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2

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4

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3

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1

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3

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: ENF ENF
30

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3

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1

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1

Poland ENF

2
icon: NI NI
19

Hungary NI

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1

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1

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For (1)

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2

NI

For (1)

1

Germany NI

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2

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4
icon: EFDD EFDD
39

Czechia EFDD

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1

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1

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1

Poland EFDD

1
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51

Italy Verts/ALE

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1

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3

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1

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2

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1

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1

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1

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6
icon: ECR ECR
63

Italy ECR

2

Romania ECR

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1

Greece ECR

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1

Netherlands ECR

2

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2

Sweden ECR

2

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2

Cyprus ECR

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1

Bulgaria ECR

2

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1

Latvia ECR

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1

Slovakia ECR

2

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1
icon: PPE PPE
193

Sweden PPE

3

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2

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1

B8-0522/2018 - Am 12/2 13/11/2018 12:28:01.000

2018/11/13 Outcome: +: 527, -: 127, 0: 15
DE IT FR ES RO PT CZ BG BE HU NL AT EL SE SK IE HR DK FI SI LT MT LU LV CY EE ?? PL GB
Total
92
61
63
49
26
19
20
15
19
17
24
18
20
19
12
9
11
11
10
8
10
5
6
6
4
3
1
45
64
icon: PPE PPE
193

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Finland PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Latvia PPE

2

Cyprus PPE

1

United Kingdom PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
167

Netherlands S&D

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Croatia S&D

2

Finland S&D

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

1

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1
icon: ALDE ALDE
62
3

Romania ALDE

3

Portugal ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Croatia ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Italy GUE/NGL

2

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3

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1

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3

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1

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1

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1

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1
icon: ENF ENF
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1

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1

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3

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2
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39

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1

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1

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1
icon: ECR ECR
62

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2

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2

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2

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2

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1

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2

Slovakia ECR

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1
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icon: NI NI
19

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2

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1

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4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
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2

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1

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1

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6

B8-0522/2018 - Am 12/3 13/11/2018 12:28:15.000

2018/11/13 Outcome: -: 379, +: 235, 0: 51
IT HU PT RO AT ?? SK EE MT CY EL DK IE LU LV LT FI BG HR SI SE BE CZ NL FR ES DE GB PL
Total
63
16
19
26
18
1
12
2
5
4
20
12
9
6
6
9
10
14
10
8
19
18
19
24
65
49
90
64
45
icon: S&D S&D
168

Estonia S&D

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1

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2

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1

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1

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1

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1

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1

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2

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For (1)

1

Czechia S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: ENF ENF
30

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1

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3

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1

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2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

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2

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3

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1
icon: NI NI
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1

NI

For (1)

1

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1

France NI

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2

Germany NI

Against (1)

2

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4
icon: EFDD EFDD
39

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1

Czechia EFDD

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1

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Abstain (1)

1

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1
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48

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3

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6
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61

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1

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3

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3

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1

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1

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1

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3

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1
icon: ECR ECR
63

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2

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1

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2

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1

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2

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1

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2

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2
icon: PPE PPE
191

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1

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2

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2

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Against (1)

1

B8-0522/2018 - Am 4S 13/11/2018 12:31:06.000

2018/11/13 Outcome: -: 482, +: 173, 0: 16
GB PL CY ?? SK FR RO EL IE LT LV EE MT BG FI DK SI LU CZ HR PT AT SE NL BE HU IT ES DE
Total
64
44
4
1
12
66
26
20
9
10
6
4
4
15
10
12
8
6
19
11
19
18
19
24
19
16
63
50
90
icon: ECR ECR
63

Cyprus ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2
2

Czechia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Italy ECR

2
icon: ENF ENF
30
2

Netherlands ENF

Against (1)

3

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Germany ENF

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
18

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

4

NI

Against (1)

1

France NI

2

Denmark NI

1

Germany NI

2
icon: EFDD EFDD
39

Poland EFDD

1

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

For (1)