BETA


2019/2541(RSP) Resolution on draft Commission implementing regulation amending Implementing Regulation (EU) No 540/2011 as regards the extension of the approval periods of the active substances abamectin, Bacillus subtilis (Cohn 1872) Strain QST 713, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Aizawai, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israeliensis, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki, Beauveria bassiana, benfluralin, clodinafop, clopyralid, Cydia pomonella Granulovirus (CpGV), cyprodinil, dichlorprop‑P, epoxiconazole, fenpyroximate, fluazinam, flutolanil, fosetyl, Lecanicillium muscarium, mepanipyrim, mepiquat, Metarhizium anisopliae var. Anisopliae, metconazole, metrafenone, Phlebiopsis gigantea, pirimicarb, Pseudomonas chlororaphis strain: MA 342, pyrimethanil, Pythium oligandrum, rimsulfuron, spinosad, Streptomyces K61, thiacloprid, tolclofos‑methyl, Trichoderma asperellum, Trichoderma atroviride, Trichoderma gamsii, Trichoderma harzianum, triclopyr, trinexapac, triticonazole, Verticillium albo-atrum and ziram

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ENVI KADENBACH Karin (icon: S&D S&D), RIES Frédérique (icon: ALDE ALDE), HAZEKAMP Anja (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), RIVASI Michèle (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), GODDYN Sylvie (icon: EFDD EFDD)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 112-p2

Events

2019/08/30
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2019/03/13
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2019/03/13
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 421 votes to 177 with 20 abstentions, a resolution objecting to the draft Commission implementing regulation amending Implementing Regulation (EU) No 540/2011 as regards the extension of the approval periods of the active substances abamectin, Bacillus subtilis (Cohn 1872) Strain QST 713, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Aizawai, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israeliensis, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki, Beauveria bassiana, benfluralin, clodinafop, clopyralid, Cydia pomonella Granulovirus (CpGV), cyprodinil, dichlorprop‑P, epoxiconazole, fenpyroximate, fluazinam, flutolanil, fosetyl, Lecanicillium muscarium, mepanipyrim, mepiquat, Metarhizium anisopliae var. Anisopliae, metconazole, metrafenone, Phlebiopsis gigantea, pirimicarb, Pseudomonas chlororaphis strain: MA 342, pyrimethanil, Pythium oligandrum, rimsulfuron, spinosad, Streptomyces K61, thiacloprid, tolclofos‑methyl, Trichoderma asperellum, Trichoderma atroviride, Trichoderma gamsii, Trichoderma harzianum, triclopyr, trinexapac, triticonazole, Verticillium albo-atrum and ziram.

Parliament recalled that thiacloprid has been approved for use as an insecticide since 1 January 2005. A procedure to renew the approval of thiacloprid has been ongoing since 2015 and includes the three years’ notice required, the current approval period expiring on 30 April 2019. Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/524 has already extended the approval period of the active substance thiacloprid.

Members considered that the Commission has not justified the second extension of the approval of the substance. They also raised the following issues:

Endocrine disrupting properties

Parliament noted that several recent studies suggest that thiacloprid has endocrine disrupting effects, genotoxic and cytotoxic effects and a neurodevelopmental impact, and is neurotoxic and immunotoxic. The active substance thiacloprid is considered to present ‘endocrine disrupting properties’ in the EU Pesticides database and is a candidate for substitution. The European Chemicals Agency has classified the active substance thiacloprid as a suspected human carcinogen and presumed human reproductive toxicant.

Threat to biodiversity

The resolution indicated that thiacloprid can be toxic to honey bees. It can affect the learning and memory performance of honeybees and thus the vitality of their colonies . Recent scientific publications have demonstrated that the active substance affects the immunocompetence of honeybees, which is already considerably weakened.

Conclusions

In the light of these considerations, Parliament was of the opinion that the decision to register thiacloprid cannot be justified, as there is insufficient evidence to suggest that unacceptable risks to animals, food safety and pollinators will be prevented. It considered that the draft Commission implementing regulation is not based on an urgent need for the active substance thiacloprid for the purposes of agriculture in the Union, and that it does not respect the precautionary principle.

Members felt that the Commission should propose instead a special status for honey bees, which takes into account the fact that pollinators are indispensable for sustainable agriculture, for crop production and simultaneously for other wild and food-producing animals, and propose to modify, harmonise and increase the coherence of relevant regulations in the light of this, with a view to ensuring a high level of protection for honey bees and other pollinators.

Parliament called on the Commission to:

- withdraw its draft implementing regulation and to submit a new draft to the committee that takes into account the chronic effect of the active substance thiacloprid on honey bees, human and animal health, and the environment;

- to ban, without delay, active substances in the neonicotinoid class or substances that act in the same way, including thiacloprid.

Documents
2019/03/13
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2019/03/11
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2019/01/09
   EP - KADENBACH Karin (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2019/01/09
   EP - RIES Frédérique (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2019/01/09
   EP - HAZEKAMP Anja (GUE/NGL) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2019/01/09
   EP - RIVASI Michèle (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2019/01/09
   EP - GODDYN Sylvie (EFDD) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI

Documents

Activities

Votes

B8-0139/2019 - Résolution 13/03/2019 17:16:09.000

2019/03/13 Outcome: +: 421, -: 177, 0: 20
FR IT DE BE PT NL EL ES RO SI MT LU EE AT DK LV BG FI HR SE CY LT SK CZ IE GB HU PL
Total
62
57
84
18
16
25
13
48
19
8
6
5
5
15
11
7
14
10
10
18
6
7
11
18
10
57
15
41
icon: S&D S&D
165

Netherlands S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

3

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Croatia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2
3

Czechia S&D

3

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
48

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Slovenia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
44

Italy GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
61

Germany ALDE

For (1)

4

Portugal ALDE

1

Romania ALDE

3

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

3

Austria ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Croatia ALDE

2

Sweden ALDE

Against (1)

3

Lithuania ALDE

1

Czechia ALDE

4

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1
icon: ENF ENF
31

Germany ENF

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium ENF

For (1)

1

Austria ENF

2

United Kingdom ENF

4

Poland ENF

For (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
31

Lithuania EFDD

For (1)

1

Czechia EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
13

France NI

For (1)

1

Italy NI

For (1)

1

Germany NI

1

United Kingdom NI

Against (2)

2

Hungary NI

2

Poland NI

Against (1)

2
icon: ECR ECR
57

Italy ECR

3

Germany ECR

Against (2)

2

Netherlands ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Romania ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Finland ECR

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Sweden ECR

2

Cyprus ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

3

Czechia ECR

2
icon: PPE PPE
166

Belgium PPE

4

Greece PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Finland PPE

Against (1)

2

Croatia PPE

4

Cyprus PPE

1

Lithuania PPE

2

United Kingdom PPE

2

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

docs/0/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=MOTION&reference=B8-2019-0139&language=EN
New
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docs/1
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2019-08-30T00:00:00
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url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=32397&j=0&l=en title: SP(2019)444
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summary
events/1/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2019-0199
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-8-2019-0199_EN.html
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
committee
ENVI
associated
False
rapporteur
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
committee_full
Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
committee
ENVI
associated
False
date
rapporteur
commission
  • body: EC dg: Environment commissioner: VELLA Karmenu
committees
  • type: Responsible Committee body: EP committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI associated: False date: 2019-01-09T00:00:00 2019-01-09T00:00:00 2019-01-09T00:00:00 2019-01-09T00:00:00 2019-01-09T00:00:00 rapporteur: name: KADENBACH Karin group: Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats abbr: S&D name: RIES Frédérique group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE name: HAZEKAMP Anja group: European United Left - Nordic Green Left abbr: GUE/NGL name: RIVASI Michèle group: Greens/European Free Alliance abbr: Verts/ALE name: GODDYN Sylvie group: Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy abbr: EFDD
docs
  • date: 2019-03-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=MOTION&reference=B8-2019-0139&language=EN title: B8-0139/2019 type: Motion for a resolution body: EP
events
  • date: 2019-03-13T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2019-0199 title: T8-0199/2019 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 421 votes to 177 with 20 abstentions, a resolution objecting to the draft Commission implementing regulation amending Implementing Regulation (EU) No 540/2011 as regards the extension of the approval periods of the active substances abamectin, Bacillus subtilis (Cohn 1872) Strain QST 713, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Aizawai, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israeliensis, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki, Beauveria bassiana, benfluralin, clodinafop, clopyralid, Cydia pomonella Granulovirus (CpGV), cyprodinil, dichlorprop‑P, epoxiconazole, fenpyroximate, fluazinam, flutolanil, fosetyl, Lecanicillium muscarium, mepanipyrim, mepiquat, Metarhizium anisopliae var. Anisopliae, metconazole, metrafenone, Phlebiopsis gigantea, pirimicarb, Pseudomonas chlororaphis strain: MA 342, pyrimethanil, Pythium oligandrum, rimsulfuron, spinosad, Streptomyces K61, thiacloprid, tolclofos‑methyl, Trichoderma asperellum, Trichoderma atroviride, Trichoderma gamsii, Trichoderma harzianum, triclopyr, trinexapac, triticonazole, Verticillium albo-atrum and ziram. Parliament recalled that thiacloprid has been approved for use as an insecticide since 1 January 2005. A procedure to renew the approval of thiacloprid has been ongoing since 2015 and includes the three years’ notice required, the current approval period expiring on 30 April 2019. Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/524 has already extended the approval period of the active substance thiacloprid. Members considered that the Commission has not justified the second extension of the approval of the substance. They also raised the following issues: Endocrine disrupting properties Parliament noted that several recent studies suggest that thiacloprid has endocrine disrupting effects, genotoxic and cytotoxic effects and a neurodevelopmental impact, and is neurotoxic and immunotoxic. The active substance thiacloprid is considered to present ‘endocrine disrupting properties’ in the EU Pesticides database and is a candidate for substitution. The European Chemicals Agency has classified the active substance thiacloprid as a suspected human carcinogen and presumed human reproductive toxicant. Threat to biodiversity The resolution indicated that thiacloprid can be toxic to honey bees. It can affect the learning and memory performance of honeybees and thus the vitality of their colonies . Recent scientific publications have demonstrated that the active substance affects the immunocompetence of honeybees, which is already considerably weakened. Conclusions In the light of these considerations, Parliament was of the opinion that the decision to register thiacloprid cannot be justified, as there is insufficient evidence to suggest that unacceptable risks to animals, food safety and pollinators will be prevented. It considered that the draft Commission implementing regulation is not based on an urgent need for the active substance thiacloprid for the purposes of agriculture in the Union, and that it does not respect the precautionary principle. Members felt that the Commission should propose instead a special status for honey bees, which takes into account the fact that pollinators are indispensable for sustainable agriculture, for crop production and simultaneously for other wild and food-producing animals, and propose to modify, harmonise and increase the coherence of relevant regulations in the light of this, with a view to ensuring a high level of protection for honey bees and other pollinators. Parliament called on the Commission to: - withdraw its draft implementing regulation and to submit a new draft to the committee that takes into account the chronic effect of the active substance thiacloprid on honey bees, human and animal health, and the environment; - to ban, without delay, active substances in the neonicotinoid class or substances that act in the same way, including thiacloprid.
  • date: 2019-03-13T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
procedure
reference
2019/2541(RSP)
title
Resolution on draft Commission implementing regulation amending Implementing Regulation (EU) No 540/2011 as regards the extension of the approval periods of the active substances abamectin, Bacillus subtilis (Cohn 1872) Strain QST 713, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. Aizawai, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israeliensis, Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki, Beauveria bassiana, benfluralin, clodinafop, clopyralid, Cydia pomonella Granulovirus (CpGV), cyprodinil, dichlorprop‑P, epoxiconazole, fenpyroximate, fluazinam, flutolanil, fosetyl, Lecanicillium muscarium, mepanipyrim, mepiquat, Metarhizium anisopliae var. Anisopliae, metconazole, metrafenone, Phlebiopsis gigantea, pirimicarb, Pseudomonas chlororaphis strain: MA 342, pyrimethanil, Pythium oligandrum, rimsulfuron, spinosad, Streptomyces K61, thiacloprid, tolclofos‑methyl, Trichoderma asperellum, Trichoderma atroviride, Trichoderma gamsii, Trichoderma harzianum, triclopyr, trinexapac, triticonazole, Verticillium albo-atrum and ziram
subject
type
RSP - Resolutions on topical subjects
subtype
Resolution on implementing act or powers
legal_basis
Rules of Procedure EP 112-p2
stage_reached
Procedure completed
dossier_of_the_committee
ENVI/8/15419