BETA


2019/2800(RSP) Resolution on the patentability of plants and essentially biological processes

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AGRI LINS Norbert (icon: EPP EPP)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 136-p5

Events

2019/12/12
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2019/09/19
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2019/09/19
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2019/09/19
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2019/09/19
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2019/09/19
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2019/09/19
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2019/09/19
   Joint motion for resolution
Documents
2019/09/19
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2019/09/19
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the patentability of plants and essentially biological processes.

The resolution was tabled by the EPP, S&D, Renew, Greens/EFA, ECR and GUE/NGL groups.

As a reminder, free access to plant material (including plant traits) is absolutely essential for the innovative capacity of the European plant-breeding and farming sectors, their competitiveness and the development of new plant varieties in order to guarantee global food security, tackle climate change and prevent monopolies within the breeding sector, while at the same time providing more opportunities for SMEs and farmers.

Any restriction or attempt to hamper access to genetic resources may lead to an excessive market concentration in the field of plant breeding, to the detriment of market competition, consumers and the European internal market and food security.

Products emanating from essentially biological processes, such as plants, seeds, native traits and genes, must be excluded from patentability.

Directive 98/44/EC legislates for biotechnological inventions, in particular genetic engineering.

All EU legislators involved have made explicitly clear that the EU legislator’s intention when adopting Directive 98/44/EC was to exclude from patentability products derived from essentially biological processes.

The 38 contracting states to the European Patent Convention (EPC) have confirmed that their national law and practice are aligned to effectively exclude products obtained from essentially biological processes from patentability.

Parliament called on the Commission and the Member States to do everything in their power to obtain legal clarity regarding the prohibition of the patentability of products obtained from essentially biological processes by the European Patent Office (EPO).

Member States and the Commission are both urged to protect the innovative capacity of the European plant-breeding and farming sectors and the general public interest and to ensure that the Union will effectively safeguard guaranteed access to, and use of, material obtained from essentially biological processes for plant breeding, in order – where applicable – not to interfere with practices guaranteeing farmers’ rights and the breeders’ exemption.

Parliament called on the Commission to:

- submit an amicus curiae before 1 October 2019 with the Enlarged Board of Appeal of the EPO, reinforcing the conclusions laid down in its Notice of 2016 that the EU legislator’s intention when adopting Directive 98/44/EC was to exclude from patentability products that are obtained through essentially biological processes, and to attach this resolution to its statement;

- engage actively with third countries when negotiating trade and partnership agreements with a view to ensuring the exclusion of essentially biological processes and the products thereof from patentability;

- pursue the exclusion from patentability of essentially biological processes and their products in the context of discussions on the harmonisation of multilateral patent law;

- report on the development and the implications of patent law in the field of biotechnology and genetic engineering and to further analyse issues related to the scope of protection of patents.

Documents
2019/09/19
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2019/09/16
   EP - Oral question/interpellation by Parliament
Documents
2019/09/16
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2019/09/04
   EP - LINS Norbert (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI

Documents

Activities

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

docs/1/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/B-9-2019-0040_EN.html
docs/2/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/B-9-2019-0041_EN.html
docs/3/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/B-9-2019-0042_EN.html
docs/4/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/B-9-2019-0043_EN.html
docs/5/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/B-9-2019-0044_EN.html
docs/6/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/B-9-2019-0047_EN.html
docs/7
date
2019-09-19T00:00:00
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/RC-9-2019-0040_EN.html title: RC-B9-0040/2019
type
Joint motion for resolution
docs/7
date
2019-09-19T00:00:00
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P9-TA-2019-0020 title: T9-0020/2019
type
Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
body
EP
docs/8
date
2019-12-12T00:00:00
docs
url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=35888&j=0&l=en title: SP(2019)635
type
Commission response to text adopted in plenary
body
EC
events/1
date
2019-09-19T00:00:00
type
Results of vote in Parliament
body
EP
docs
url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=35888&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
events/1
date
2019-09-19T00:00:00
type
Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P9-TA-2019-0020 title: T9-0020/2019
events/2
date
2019-09-19T00:00:00
type
Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2019-0020_EN.html title: T9-0020/2019
summary
docs/1
date
2019-09-19T00:00:00
docs
title: B9-0040/2019
type
Motion for a resolution
body
EP
docs/2
date
2019-09-19T00:00:00
docs
title: B9-0041/2019
type
Motion for a resolution
body
EP
docs/3
date
2019-09-19T00:00:00
docs
title: B9-0042/2019
type
Motion for a resolution
body
EP
docs/4
date
2019-09-19T00:00:00
docs
title: B9-0043/2019
type
Motion for a resolution
body
EP
docs/5
date
2019-09-19T00:00:00
docs
title: B9-0044/2019
type
Motion for a resolution
body
EP
docs/6
date
2019-09-19T00:00:00
docs
title: B9-0047/2019
type
Motion for a resolution
body
EP
docs/7
date
2019-09-19T00:00:00
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P9-TA-2019-0020 title: T9-0020/2019
type
Text adopted by Parliament, single reading
body
EP
events/1
date
2019-09-19T00:00:00
type
Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P9-TA-2019-0020 title: T9-0020/2019
events/2
date
2019-09-19T00:00:00
type
End of procedure in Parliament
body
EP
forecasts
  • date: 2019-09-19T00:00:00 title: Vote in plenary scheduled
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Awaiting Parliament 1st reading / single reading / budget 1st stage
New
Procedure completed
procedure/title
Old
Patentability of plants and essential biological processes
New
Resolution on the patentability of plants and essentially biological processes
commission
  • body: EC dg: Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs commissioner: BIEŃKOWSKA Elżbieta
events/0/docs
  • url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20190916&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
docs
  • date: 2019-09-16T00:00:00 docs: title: B9-0051/2019 type: Oral question/interpellation by Parliament body: EP
events
  • date: 2019-09-16T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP
forecasts/0
date
2019-09-16T00:00:00
title
Debate scheduled
forecasts/0/title
Old
Debate in plenary scheduled
New
Debate scheduled