BETA


2019/2886(RSP) Resolution on the Turkish military operation in northeast Syria and its consequences

Progress: Procedure completed

Legal Basis:
RoP 132-p2

Events

2019/10/24
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted a resolution on the Turkish military operation in northeast Syria and its consequences.

The text adopted in plenary had been tabled as a joint resolution by the EPP, S&D, Renew, Greens/EFA and GUE/NGL groups.

Following the decision by US President Donald Trump to withdraw US troops from the northeast of Syria, on 9 October 2019, Turkey launched a military invasion, in breach of international law, into areas of Syria controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF). This has resulted in a grave number of civilian and military casualties on both sides of the border and, according to UN sources, the displacement of at least 300 000 citizens.

Violation of international law

Parliament strongly condemned the unilateral Turkish military intervention in northeast Syria, which constitutes a grave violation of international law, is undermining the stability and security of the region as a whole. It urged Turkey to put an immediate and definitive end to its military operation in northeast Syria and withdraw all of its forces from Syrian territory. It expressed its solidarity with Kurdish people, underlining the important contribution made by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), and women in particular, as an ally in the fight against Daesh.

Advocating a strong and comprehensive EU response to the crisis, Members called on the EU to enter into a dialogue with the Turkish authorities with a view to achieving a rapid de-escalation of the situation and to consider all available options for collaboration with its international partners, within the framework of the United Nations. They asked the VP/HR, as long as the Turkish military operation and presence in Syria continue, to launch an initiative to impose a full EU-wide arms embargo on Turkey.

United Nations-controlled security zone

Parliament firmly rejected Turkey’s plans to establish a so-called ‘safe zone’ along the border in northeast Syria, stressing that any forcible transfer of Syrian refugees or internally displaced persons (IDPs) to this area would constitute a grave violation of conventional international refugee law. Taking note of the US-Turkish agreement of 17 October 2019 on a temporary ceasefire, Members expressed its concern that its provisions legitimise the Turkish occupation of the ‘safe zone’ in northeast Syria.

Member States were called on to ask the UN Security Council to adopt a resolution which will allow the Council to act in a targeted manner, ultimately aiming at a UN-led security zone in northern Syria for the benefit of the people living there.

The Commission is called on to ensure that no EU funds are used to finance the ongoing military operation or to facilitate any forced returns of Syrian refugees to the so-called ‘safe zone’.

Risk of ISIS resurgence

Parliament expressed its deep concern about reports that hundreds of ISIS prisoners, including many foreign fighters, are escaping from camps in northern Syria amid the Turkish offensive, which increases the risk of a resurgence of ISIS. It called on the EU Member States to prepare contingency plans on the security threats posed by the possible return of ISIS foreign fighters, and called on national intelligence agencies and security services to increase vigilance as regards the possible return of foreign fighters and their families.

Targeted sanctions

Parliament welcomed the EU’s commitment to ongoing humanitarian aid to Syria’s neighbours, notably Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt, which continue to host millions of refugees. It deemed it unacceptable that the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is weaponising refugees and using them to blackmail the EU.

Members called on the Council to introduce a series of targeted sanctions and visa bans to be imposed on Turkish officials responsible for human rights abuses during the current military intervention alongside a similar proposal for the Turkish officials responsible for the internal crackdown on fundamental rights. They also called for the suspension of the trade preferences under the agreement on agricultural products and, as a last resort, the suspension of the EU-Turkey customs union.

Documents
2019/10/24
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2019/10/23
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2019/10/23
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2019/10/23
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2019/10/23
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2019/10/23
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2019/10/23
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2019/10/23
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2019/10/23
   Joint motion for resolution
Documents
2019/10/23
   EP - Debate in Parliament

Documents

Activities

Votes

RC-B9-0123/2019 - Am 13

2019/10/24 Outcome: -: 516, +: 96, 0: 25
CY EL SE IE LU SK EE LV FI MT IT SI DK LT BG HR BE PT HU AT CZ NL RO GB ES PL FR DE
Total
6
18
19
11
4
12
5
6
6
6
66
7
11
9
10
11
19
20
16
16
21
23
28
51
46
43
65
82
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
37

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Belgium GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: ID ID
67

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Belgium ID

2

Austria ID

3

Czechia ID

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: NI NI
44

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary NI

1

Germany NI

1
icon: ECR ECR
53

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Latvia ECR

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

3

United Kingdom ECR

2

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
64

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (2)

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
78

Sweden Renew

2

Ireland Renew

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

2

Estonia Renew

Against (2)

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Finland Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Denmark Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Hungary Renew

Against (1)

1

Germany Renew

4
icon: S&D S&D
136

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Greece S&D

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Finland S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Lithuania S&D

2
3

Belgium S&D

Against (1)

3

Netherlands S&D

4
icon: PPE PPE
158
2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Latvia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

3

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

RC-B9-0123/2019 - Am 14

2019/10/24 Outcome: -: 503, 0: 71, +: 61
EL CY IE MT LU SE LV EE FI DK SI BG LT SK HR CZ PT HU BE AT NL FR GB RO ES PL IT DE
Total
18
6
11
6
4
19
6
5
6
11
7
10
8
12
11
21
20
16
18
16
22
63
51
27
47
43
67
84
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
37

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Belgium GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: NI NI
44

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary NI

1

Germany NI

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

3

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (2)

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ID ID
68

Estonia ID

Against (1)

1

Finland ID

Against (1)

1

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

Czechia ID

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Belgium ID

2

Austria ID

3
icon: ECR ECR
53

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1
3

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

2

Netherlands ECR

3

United Kingdom ECR

2

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
76

Ireland Renew

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

Against (1)

1

Sweden Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

Against (2)

2

Finland Renew

Against (1)

1

Denmark Renew

For (1)

3

Slovenia Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Hungary Renew

Against (1)

1

Belgium Renew

3

Germany Renew

4
icon: S&D S&D
135

Greece S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

2
4

Estonia S&D

2

Finland S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Bulgaria S&D

For (1)

4

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovakia S&D

2
3

Belgium S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
159

Cyprus PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Latvia PPE

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia PPE

3

Belgium PPE

Abstain (1)

4

RC-B9-0123/2019 - Am 17

2019/10/24 Outcome: -: 380, +: 154, 0: 90
IT SE DE CY AT DK LU LV BE EE IE FI EL LT MT SI NL SK CZ BG GB HR HU PT FR RO ES PL
Total
67
19
80
6
16
11
4
5
19
5
11
6
18
8
6
7
22
12
19
10
51
11
16
18
63
26
45
43
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
62

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Spain Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
35

Sweden GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Belgium GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

For (1)

4

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
44

Germany NI

1

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary NI

1
icon: ID ID
65

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium ID

2

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

Finland ID

Abstain (1)

1

Czechia ID

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
51
3

Germany ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

2

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

3

Slovakia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ECR

2

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
134

Cyprus S&D

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Belgium S&D

3

Estonia S&D

2

Finland S&D

Against (1)

1

Greece S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Netherlands S&D

4

Slovakia S&D

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Bulgaria S&D

Abstain (1)

4
3
icon: Renew Renew
76

Sweden Renew

2

Germany Renew

4

Denmark Renew

For (1)

3

Luxembourg Renew

Against (1)

1

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

Against (2)

2

Ireland Renew

Against (1)

1

Finland Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Bulgaria Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Hungary Renew

For (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
157

Cyprus PPE

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

2

Latvia PPE

2

Belgium PPE

4

Malta PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

3

RC-B9-0123/2019 - Am 16/1

2019/10/24 Outcome: -: 470, +: 103, 0: 60
EL CY IT EE IE FI SK LV LU DK BG MT SI LT HR AT BE PT HU SE CZ NL RO GB FR ES PL DE
Total
18
6
67
5
11
6
12
6
4
11
10
6
7
9
11
15
19
20
16
19
21
23
28
49
65
46
42
81
icon: ID ID
67

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

1

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Austria ID

2

Belgium ID

2

Czechia ID

For (1)

Against (1)

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
37

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Belgium GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: NI NI
44

Slovakia NI

2

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary NI

1

Germany NI

1
icon: ECR ECR
52

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

2

Latvia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Belgium ECR

2
3

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

3

United Kingdom ECR

2

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (2)

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
76

Estonia Renew

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Ireland Renew

Against (1)

1

Finland Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

Against (1)

1

Denmark Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Hungary Renew

Against (1)

1

Sweden Renew

2

Germany Renew

4
icon: S&D S&D
137

Greece S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Finland S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovakia S&D

2

Denmark S&D

For (1)

3

Bulgaria S&D

4

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Lithuania S&D

2
3

Belgium S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

4
icon: PPE PPE
157

Cyprus PPE

2

Latvia PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Malta PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

3

RC-B9-0123/2019 - Am 12

2019/10/24 Outcome: -: 503, +: 66, 0: 60
EL CY IE FI LU EE LV MT SI DK BG LT HR GB SK BE AT PT CZ HU SE NL RO ES IT FR PL DE
Total
18
6
10
6
4
5
6
6
7
10
9
9
11
50
12
19
16
20
20
16
19
23
28
44
65
65
43
82
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
36

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

4

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Belgium GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: ID ID
68

Finland ID

1

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Belgium ID

2

Austria ID

3

Czechia ID

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2
icon: NI NI
42

Croatia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
52

Greece ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

2

Belgium ECR

2
3

Netherlands ECR

3

Spain ECR

2

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
63

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (2)

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
76

Finland Renew

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

Against (2)

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Denmark Renew

3

Bulgaria Renew

Against (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

2

Croatia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

2

Hungary Renew

Against (1)

1

Sweden Renew

2

Germany Renew

4
icon: S&D S&D
133

Greece S&D

1

Cyprus S&D

2

Finland S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (2)

2

Denmark S&D

2

Bulgaria S&D

3

Lithuania S&D

2
3

Slovakia S&D

2

Belgium S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

4
icon: PPE PPE
159

Cyprus PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Latvia PPE

2