BETA


2020/2767(RSP) Resolution on the Council Recommendation on vocational education and training (VET) for sustainable competitiveness, social fairness and resilience

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead EMPL WALSH Maria (icon: EPP EPP), VIND Marianne (icon: S&D S&D), CICUREL Ilana (icon: Renew Renew), VAN SPARRENTAK Kim (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), LIZZI Elena (icon: ID ID), ZALEWSKA Anna (icon: ECR ECR), ĎURIŠ NICHOLSONOVÁ Lucia (icon: ECR ECR)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 136-p5

Events

2021/06/18
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2020/12/17
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2020/12/17
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 616 votes to 22, with 58 abstentions, a resolution tabled by the Committee on Employment and Social Affairs on the Council Recommendation on vocational education and training (VET) for sustainable competitiveness, social fairness and resilience.

Modernising and upgrading VET

Members point out that vocational education and training (VET) accounts for around half of upper secondary education graduates in the EU and believe that it could prove crucial in addressing skills gaps in the EU labour market and the challenges of ecological and digital transitions, demographic change and other major macro-economic trends.

The resolution stressed the urgent need to significantly modernise and develop VET policies to make them more inclusive, accessible and attractive to support fair employment. The Commission and the Member States are invited to ensure that vocational education and training on the one hand and formal education on the other are complementary and given equal priority.

The lockdown measures put in place to halt the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic have put a strain on European VET systems and placed learners in precarious situations. Fearing a drastic fall in the number of apprenticeship places next autumn, Members considered it essential to provide the necessary financial resources, technical assistance and guidance to ensure access to digital devices and e-learning solutions for VET providers, teachers, trainers and students.

Support for the objectives of the Council Recommendation

Parliament welcomed the quantitative objectives in the proposal for a Council Recommendation that: (i) by 2025 the proportion of graduates in employment should reach at least 82%; (ii) 60 % of recent graduates from VET should benefit from exposure to work-based learning during their VET; (iii) 8 % of learners in VET should benefit from a learning mobility abroad. It asked the Commission to report every five years to the Parliament and the Council on the implementation of the Recommendation.

Parliament called on the Commission to:

- extend mobility programmes for apprentices, such as Erasmus Pro, by strengthening synergies between the European Social Fund plus (ESF+) and Erasmus+ programmes and ensuring that sufficient resources are allocated for the programming period 2021-2027;

- introduce in the Social Scoreboard, in line with the objectives and implementation of the European pillar of social rights, an indicator for skills gaps, which VET policy makers at national level could use to identify where to focus their efforts, as well as to strengthen coordination at EU level;

- explore the idea of an EU employment web portal, which would be specifically dedicated to traineeship and apprenticeship opportunities in the EU and would bring together all existing similar EU initiatives in a more visible, comprehensive and user-friendly fashion.

Member States, for their part, should:

- set a more ambitious target for learning mobility abroad for VET students and put in place incentives to help SMEs to encourage VET learners to participate in European mobility;

- develop, with the involvement of the social partners, inclusive and high quality VET systems and adult learning policies to improve the skills and competences of low-skilled adults, both employed and unemployed;

- ensuring adequate funding for VET policies, both at national and European level;

- pay particular attention to the in-service training and professional development of VET teachers and trainers as a driving force for quality and innovation in education;

- promote the dual VET model, which could make it easier for young people to access the labour market, especially compared to general education;

- take greater advantage of the development of the green jobs sector and create high-skilled apprenticeships to provide young people with specialised knowledge and training;

- deploy, together with the social partners and training providers, skills development and anticipation strategies to improve generic, sectoral and occupation-specific skills.

Parliament supported the proposal to promote Centres of Vocational Excellence (CoE) to bring together a wide range of VET and local partners. It stressed the importance of reaching out to people living in rural and remote areas and of ensuring that VET is accessible and targeted at people working in agriculture, fisheries, forestry and other sectors in these areas.

Documents
2020/12/15
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2020/12/14
   EP - Oral question/interpellation by Parliament
Documents
2020/12/14
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2020/12/09
   EP - Oral question/interpellation by Parliament
Documents
2020/07/22
   EP - WALSH Maria (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL
2020/07/22
   EP - VIND Marianne (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL
2020/07/22
   EP - CICUREL Ilana (Renew) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL
2020/07/22
   EP - VAN SPARRENTAK Kim (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL
2020/07/22
   EP - LIZZI Elena (ID) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL
2020/07/22
   EP - ZALEWSKA Anna (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL
2020/07/22
   EP - ĎURIŠ NICHOLSONOVÁ Lucia (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL

Documents

  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2021)190
  • Results of vote in Parliament: Results of vote in Parliament
  • Decision by Parliament: T9-0373/2020
  • Debate in Parliament: Debate in Parliament
  • Oral question/interpellation by Parliament: B9-0028/2020
  • Motion for a resolution: B9-0400/2020
  • Oral question/interpellation by Parliament: B9-0027/2020
  • Oral question/interpellation by Parliament: B9-0027/2020
  • Oral question/interpellation by Parliament: B9-0028/2020
  • Motion for a resolution: B9-0400/2020
  • Commission response to text adopted in plenary: SP(2021)190

Activities

Votes

B9-0400/2020 - § 4 #

2020/12/16 Outcome: +: 602, -: 83, 0: 9
DE ES PL RO FR PT HU CZ NL BG IT EL SK AT SE BE IE LT HR FI DK LV SI CY MT LU EE
Total
93
59
50
33
79
21
20
20
29
17
74
21
14
19
20
21
13
11
12
13
14
8
8
6
6
6
7
icon: PPE PPE
183

Denmark PPE

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1

Latvia PPE

2
2

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

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1
icon: S&D S&D
143

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
97

Hungary Renew

2

Italy Renew

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1

Slovakia Renew

2

Austria Renew

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1

Sweden Renew

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2

Ireland Renew

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Lithuania Renew

2

Croatia Renew

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1

Finland Renew

3

Latvia Renew

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1

Slovenia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

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3

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2

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1

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icon: ECR ECR
62

Germany ECR

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1

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4

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2

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2

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B9-0400/2020 - Am 1 #

2020/12/16 Outcome: -: 583, +: 97, 0: 12
IT EE CY MT LU LV SI SK HR IE FI LT DK EL SE AT BE NL CZ BG PT HU FR RO PL ES DE
Total
74
7
6
6
6
8
8
14
12
13
13
11
14
19
20
19
21
29
20
17
21
20
79
33
50
59
93
icon: ID ID
73

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

1

Denmark ID

For (1)

1
3

Netherlands ID

1

Czechia ID

2
icon: NI NI
24

Slovakia NI

2

Croatia NI

2

Netherlands NI

1

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

2
icon: ECR ECR
62

Latvia ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

2

Croatia ECR

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1

Lithuania ECR

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1

Greece ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

4

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

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1

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1
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39

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4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

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1

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1

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

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3

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2

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2

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3

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3

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3

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3

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3

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1

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3
icon: Renew Renew
97

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icon: S&D S&D
143

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B9-0400/2020 - § 39/1 #

2020/12/16 Outcome: +: 669, 0: 17, -: 8
DE FR IT ES PL RO NL PT HU CZ BE BG SE EL AT SK IE LT HR DK FI LV SI CY MT LU EE
Total
93
79
74
59
50
33
29
21
20
20
21
17
20
21
19
14
13
11
12
14
13
8
8
6
6
6
7
icon: PPE PPE
183

Denmark PPE

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1

Latvia PPE

2
2

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2

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2

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1
icon: S&D S&D
143

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

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1

Estonia S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

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1

Hungary Renew

2

Sweden Renew

2

Austria Renew

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1

Slovakia Renew

2

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2

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2

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1

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2

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3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
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Spain Verts/ALE

3

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1

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3

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1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

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3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

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2

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2

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3

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1

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icon: ID ID
73

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1

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icon: ECR ECR
62

Germany ECR

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1

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1

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4

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2
3

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1

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1

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B9-0400/2020 - § 39/2 #

2020/12/16 Outcome: +: 585, -: 94, 0: 15
DE ES PL RO FR NL PT EL BG IT CZ SE AT BE SK LT HR IE DK FI LV SI CY MT LU EE HU
Total
93
59
50
33
79
29
21
21
17
74
20
20
19
21
14
11
12
13
14
13
8
8
6
6
6
7
20
icon: PPE PPE
183

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Latvia PPE

2
2

Malta PPE

2

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2

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For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
143

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

For (1)

1

Sweden Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

2

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

Against (1)

3

Latvia Renew

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1

Slovenia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

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3

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1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

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3

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3

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3

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2

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2

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3

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1

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1
icon: ECR ECR
62

Germany ECR

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1

Romania ECR

1

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4

Greece ECR

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1

Bulgaria ECR

2
3

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1

Croatia ECR

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1

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2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Netherlands GUE/NGL

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1

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1

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1

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2
icon: NI NI
26

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2

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1

Slovakia NI

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2

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2

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1
icon: ID ID
73

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B9-0400/2020 - Am 2 #

2020/12/16 Outcome: -: 539, +: 115, 0: 38
IT DK EE CY MT LU LV CZ SI BE SE SK HR LT IE FI NL AT EL BG HU PT PL RO FR ES DE
Total
74
14
7
6
6
6
8
20
8
21
20
14
12
11
13
13
29
19
19
17
20
21
50
33
79
59
93
icon: ID ID
73

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Estonia ID

For (1)

1

Czechia ID

2

Finland ID

1

Netherlands ID

1
3
icon: ECR ECR
62

Latvia ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

Abstain (1)

2

Croatia ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Romania ECR

1

Germany ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
24

Slovakia NI

2

Croatia NI

2

Netherlands NI

1

Hungary NI

Against (1)

1

Germany NI

2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Denmark GUE/NGL

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1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Czechia GUE/NGL

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1

Belgium GUE/NGL

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1

Sweden GUE/NGL

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1

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4

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1

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1

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4
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
71

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2

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1

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1

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

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3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

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1

Poland Verts/ALE

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1

Spain Verts/ALE

3
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

Against (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Sweden Renew

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Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Croatia Renew

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1

Lithuania Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Austria Renew

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1

Bulgaria Renew

3

Hungary Renew

2
icon: S&D S&D
143

Estonia S&D

2

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2

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1

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2

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2

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2

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2
icon: PPE PPE
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1

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4

B9-0400/2020 - Résolution #

2020/12/17 Outcome: +: 616, 0: 58, -: 22
DE IT ES FR PL RO NL CZ PT BG BE EL SE SK IE AT LT FI HR LV HU SI CY MT LU EE DK
Total
94
74
59
79
51
32
29
21
21
17
21
20
20
14
13
19
11
14
12
8
20
8
6
6
6
7
14
icon: PPE PPE
184

Latvia PPE

2
2

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
143

Greece S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

For (1)

1

Sweden Renew

2

Slovakia Renew

2

Ireland Renew

2

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Lithuania Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Croatia Renew

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1

Latvia Renew

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1

Hungary Renew

2

Slovenia Renew

2

Luxembourg Renew

2

Estonia Renew

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Spain Verts/ALE

3

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1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

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1

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For (1)

1

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2
icon: ECR ECR
62

Germany ECR

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1

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1

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4

Bulgaria ECR

2

Greece ECR

1
3

Lithuania ECR

1

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2