BETA


2021/2553(RSP) Resolution on the draft Commission implementing decision authorising the placing on the market of products containing, consisting of or produced from genetically modified cotton GHB614 × T304-40 × GHB119 pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ENVI PIETIKÄINEN Sirpa (icon: EPP EPP), SIDL Günther (icon: S&D S&D), HÄUSLING Martin (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), HAZEKAMP Anja (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 112-p2

Events

2021/07/12
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2021/03/11
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 491 votes to 184, with 20 abstentions, a resolution objecting to the draft resolution on the draft Commission implementing decision authorising the placing on the market of products containing, consisting of or produced from genetically modified cotton GHB614 × T304-40 × GHB119 pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council.

On 30 September 2014, Bayer CropScience AG submitted an application for the placing on the market of foods, food ingredients and feed containing, consisting of or produced from genetically modified cotton GHB614 × T304-40 × GHB119 (‘the GM cotton’). The application also covered the placing on the market of products containing or consisting of the GM cotton for uses other than food and feed, with the exception of cultivation. On 21 June 2018, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) adopted a favourable opinion on the application.

Main concerns from Member States

Members pointed out that Member States have submitted many critical comments to the EFSA, including that:

- data and data analyses provided on phenotypic evaluation, composition and toxicity is insufficient;

- the compositional analysis did not take into account residues nor metabolites of the complementary herbicides;

- the applicant’s proposal for an environmental monitoring plan does not meet the objectives defined in Directive 2001/18/EC;

- it does not relate the monitoring activities to relevant protection goals.

Lack of assessment of the complementary herbicides and outstanding questions concerning Bt toxins

Members pointed out that assessment of herbicide residues, and herbicide break-down products, found on GM plants is considered outside the remit of the EFSA Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms and is therefore not undertaken as part of the authorisation process for GMOs.

Questions concerning the carcinogenicity of glyphosate remain. EFSA concluded in November 2015 that glyphosate was unlikely to be carcinogenic and the European Chemicals Agency concluded in March 2017 that no classification was warranted. On the contrary, in 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer, the specialised cancer agency of the World Health Organization, classified glyphosate as a probable carcinogen for humans.

Members also noted that side-effects have been observed which may affect the immune system following exposure to Bt proteins and that some Bt proteins may have adjuvant properties, meaning that they can increase the allergenicity of other proteins that they come into contact with.

Undemocratic decision-making

Members recalled that the vote in January 2021 of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health delivered no opinion, meaning that the authorisation was not supported by a qualified majority of Member States.

The Commission recognised that the fact that GMO authorisation decisions continue to be adopted by the Commission without a qualified majority of Member States in favour, which is very much the exception for product authorisations as a whole but which has become the norm for decision-making on GM food and feed authorisations, is problematic.

Recommendations

On the basis of these considerations, Parliament considered that the Commission's implementing decision is not consistent EU law. Consequently, it called on the Commission to:

- withdraw its draft implementing decision;

- move forward with the utmost urgency concerning the development of sustainability criteria, with full involvement of Parliament;

- not to authorise herbicide-tolerant GM crops until the health risks associated with the residues have been comprehensively investigated on a case-by-case basis, which requires a full assessment of the residues from spraying such GM crops with complementary herbicides, an assessment of the herbicide break-down products and any combinatorial effects, including with the GM plant itself;

- not to authorise the import for food or feed uses of any GM plant which has been made tolerant to a herbicide-active substance that is not authorised for use in the Union;

The EFSA is called on to finally accept the substantial differences between native Bt toxins and those expressed by synthetic transgenes in GM crop plants, and to widen its risk assessment in order to fully take into account all interactions and combinatorial effects between Bt-toxins, GM plants and their constituents, residues from spraying with the complementary herbicides, the environment as well as impacts on health and food safety.

Documents
2021/03/11
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2021/03/10
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2021/03/09
   EP - Motion for a resolution
Documents
2021/02/09
   EP - PIETIKÄINEN Sirpa (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2021/02/09
   EP - SIDL Günther (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2021/02/09
   EP - HÄUSLING Martin (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2021/02/09
   EP - HAZEKAMP Anja (GUE/NGL) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI

Documents

Votes

Objection formulée conformément à l'article 112, paragraphes 2 et 3: coton génétiquement modifié GHB614 × T304-40 × GHB119 - Objection pursuant to Rule 112(2) and (3): Genetically modified cotton GHB614 × T304-40 × GHB119 - Einwand gemäß Artikel 112 Absätze 2 und 3 (GO): genetisch veränderte Baumwolle der Sorte GHB614 × T304-40 × GHB119 - B9-0160/2021 - Proposition de résolution #

2021/03/10 Outcome: +: 491, -: 184, 0: 20
FR IT PL HU EL AT BG HR ES SK BE DE LV SI MT PT CY RO DK FI LU LT ?? EE NL IE CZ SE
Total
79
74
52
21
20
19
17
12
58
14
21
93
8
8
6
20
5
33
14
14
6
10
1
7
29
13
21
20
icon: S&D S&D
142

Greece S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
73

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Sweden Verts/ALE

3
icon: ID ID
73
3

Denmark ID

For (1)

1

Finland ID

Abstain (1)

2

Estonia ID

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands ID

1

Czechia ID

2
icon: The Left The Left
37

Belgium The Left

For (1)

1

Portugal The Left

3

Cyprus The Left

1

Denmark The Left

1

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Netherlands The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

1

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
37

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia NI

2

Germany NI

2

Lithuania NI

1

NI

For (1)

1

Netherlands NI

1
icon: ECR ECR
62

Greece ECR

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

2

Latvia ECR

2

Romania ECR

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Netherlands ECR

4
3
icon: Renew Renew
97

Italy Renew

For (1)

1

Hungary Renew

2

Austria Renew

Against (1)

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovakia Renew

2

Belgium Renew

4

Latvia Renew

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Finland Renew

3

Luxembourg Renew

2

Lithuania Renew

Abstain (1)

1

Estonia Renew

For (1)

Against (2)

3

Ireland Renew

2

Sweden Renew

3
icon: PPE PPE
174

Hungary PPE

1

Belgium PPE

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

4

Latvia PPE

2

Slovenia PPE

Against (1)

4

Malta PPE

2
2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Finland PPE

3

Luxembourg PPE

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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Environment, Public Health and Food Safety
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2021-07-12T00:00:00
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2021-03-11T00:00:00
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  • date: 2021-03-11T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-9-2021-0080_EN.html title: T9-0080/2021
  • date: 2021-03-11T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Awaiting plenary debate/vote
New
Procedure completed
docs
  • date: 2021-03-09T00:00:00 docs: url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/B-9-2021-0160_EN.html title: B9-0160/2021 type: Motion for a resolution body: EP
forecasts
  • date: 2021-03-10T00:00:00 title: Vote in plenary scheduled
procedure/title
Old
Objection pursuant to Rule 112(2) and (3) on the placing on the market of products containing, consisting of or produced from genetically modified cotton GHB614 × T304-40 × GHB119
New
Resolution on the draft Commission implementing decision authorising the placing on the market of products containing, consisting of or produced from genetically modified cotton GHB614 × T304-40 × GHB119 pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council