BETA


2022/0221(NLE) EU-Malaysia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement

Progress: Awaiting final decision

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET NISTOR Gheorghe-Vlad (icon: EPP EPP) PICULA Tonino (icon: S&D S&D), PAET Urmas (icon: Renew Renew), SOLÉ Jordi (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), KARSKI Karol (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion DEVE
Committee Opinion INTA
Committee Opinion ECON
Committee Opinion EMPL
Committee Opinion ENVI
Committee Opinion ITRE
Committee Opinion TRAN
Committee Opinion AGRI
Committee Opinion PECH
Committee Opinion CULT
Committee Opinion JURI
Committee Opinion LIBE
Lead committee dossier:

Events

2023/06/14
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2023/06/14
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 553 votes to 38, with 25 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Framework Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of Malaysia, of the other part.

Parliament gave its consent to the conclusion of the agreement.

The agreement aims to establish a stronger partnership between the EU and Malaysia and to deepen and strengthen cooperation on issues of mutual interest, including human rights, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the fight against terrorism, the fight against corruption and organised crime, trade, migration, environment, energy, climate change, transport, science and technology, employment and social affairs, education and agriculture.

Respect for democratic principles and human rights, as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), on the one hand, and for the principle of the rule of law on the other, underpins the domestic and international policies of the parties and constitutes an essential element of the agreement.

Parliament also adopted a non-legislative resolution on the draft Council decision.

Documents
2023/05/24
   EP - Vote in committee
2023/05/24
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the report by Gheorghe-Vlad NISTOR (EPP, RO) on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Framework Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of Malaysia, of the other part.

The committee responsible recommended that the European Parliament give its consent to the conclusion of the agreement.

The agreement aims to establish a stronger partnership between the EU and Malaysia and to deepen and strengthen cooperation on issues of mutual interest, including human rights, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the fight against terrorism, the fight against corruption and organised crime, trade, migration, environment, energy, climate change, transport, science and technology, employment and social affairs, education and agriculture.

Documents
2023/02/20
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2023/01/16
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2022/12/16
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to conclude, on behalf of the European Union, the Framework Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of Malaysia, of the other part.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.

BACKGROUND: in accordance with a Council Decision, the Framework Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of Malaysia, of the other part, was signed, subject to its conclusion at a later date. It is therefore necessary to approve the Agreement on behalf of the Union.

CONTENT: the purpose of the draft Council Decision is to approve, on behalf of the Union, the Framework Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of Malaysia, of the other part.

The objective of the Agreement is to establish a strengthened partnership between the Union and Malaysia and to deepen and enhance cooperation on issues of mutual interest, including human rights, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, counterterrorism, the fight against corruption and organised crime, trade, migration, the environment, energy, climate change, transport, science and technology, employment and social affairs, education and agriculture.

Respect for democratic principles and human rights, as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other relevant international human rights instruments applicable to the Parties, on the one hand, and for the principle of the rule of law on the other, underpins the internal and international policies of the Parties and constitutes an essential element of the Agreement.

Under the Agreement, the Parties:

- confirm their shared values as expressed in the Charter of the United Nations;

- confirm their commitment to promoting sustainable development, to cooperating to address the challenges of climate change as well as globalisation, and to contributing to the internationally agreed development goals, in particular to strengthening a global partnership for development as renewed in the 2030 Agenda;

- reaffirm their attachment to the principles of good governance in all its aspects.

The implementation of this Agreement shall be based on the principles of dialogue, mutual respect, equal partnership, consensus and respect for international law. The Agreement establishes a Joint Committee composed of representatives of the Parties at an appropriate high level, that will monitor the development of the bilateral relationship between the Parties.

It is the common understanding of the Parties to the Agreement that pursuant to Article 58(1) of the Agreement and in accordance with the Federal Constitution of Malaysia, the notification by the Government of Malaysia expressing its consent to be bound by the Agreement binds Malaysia as a whole.

Documents
2022/09/08
   EP - NISTOR Gheorghe-Vlad (EPP) appointed as rapporteur in AFET
2022/08/01
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2022/08/01
   EC - Preparatory document
2022/08/01
   EP - Preparatory document
Details

PURPOSE: to conclude, on behalf of the European Union, the Framework Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of Malaysia, of the other part.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.

BACKGROUND: in November 2004, the Council authorised the Commission to negotiate individual Framework Agreements on Partnership and Cooperation (PCA) with Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei. Negotiations with Malaysia started in February 2011. They were concluded following the 11th round of negotiations on 12 December 2015. Both sides initialled the PCA in Putrajaya on 6 April 2016.

The European Parliament was kept regularly informed throughout the negotiations.

The Commission considered that the objectives set by the Council in its negotiating directives had been met and that the draft agreement could be submitted for signature and conclusion.

On 4 July 2018, the High Representative and the Commission presented to the Council a new Joint Proposal for a Council Decision on the signing of the Framework Agreement (as a mixed agreement) and its provisional application. However, while agreeing on the mixity of the Agreement, Malaysia preferred not to apply the Agreement provisionally. Member States formally accepted not to apply the PCA provisionally.

The Commission's new proposal follows an exchange of letters between the chief negotiators, in which it is clarified that the signature of the Government of Malaysia on the agreement is on behalf of the country as a whole, i.e. at both federal and state level. By signing, the Government of Malaysia would express its intention to bind the whole of Malaysia, including States of Sabah and Sarawak. Following the entry into force of Agreement as stated in Article 58 of the Agreement, Malaysia as a whole would be bound by the Agreement.

CONTENT: the Commission proposes that the Council decide to approve, on behalf of the Union, the Framework Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of Malaysia, of the other part.

The PCA is the first ever bilateral agreement between the EU and Malaysia and replaces the existing legal framework of the 1980 Cooperation Agreement between the European Economic Community and the member countries of the Association of South-East Asian Nations.

The PCA:

- contains legally binding commitments that are central to the EU's foreign policy, including provisions on human rights, non-proliferation, counter-terrorism, the International Criminal Court, migration and taxation;

- broadens considerably the scope for mutual engagement in the economic and trade domain as well as justice and home affairs;

- strengthens cooperation in a wide range of policy areas, including human rights, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, counter-terrorism, fight against corruption and organised crime, trade, migration, environment, energy, climate change, transport, science and technology, employment and social affairs, education, agriculture, culture etc.

An important part of the PCA is devoted to trade cooperation, which paves the way for the conclusion of the ongoing negotiations on a free trade agreement (FTA).

The Agreement establishes a Joint Committee that will monitor the development of the bilateral relationship between the Parties. The Agreement includes a non-execution clause that provides for the possibility of suspending the application of the Agreement in case of violation of essential elements.

On a political note, the PCA with Malaysia marks an important step towards strengthening the EU’s role in South-East Asia, based on shared universal values such as democracy and human rights. It paves the way for enhancing political, regional and global cooperation between two likeminded partners.

Documents

Votes

Accord de partenariat et de coopération UE-Malaise - A9-0190/2023 - Gheorghe-Vlad Nistor - Projet de décision du Conseil #

2023/06/14 Outcome: +: 553, -: 38, 0: 25
DE IT PL ES FR NL RO SE CZ HU BE BG AT PT FI SK LT IE EL DK HR SI LV EE CY MT LU
Total
83
53
50
53
74
27
25
19
21
17
20
16
19
19
12
12
11
13
15
12
10
8
8
6
6
4
3
icon: PPE PPE
148

Italy PPE

2

Hungary PPE

1

Finland PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
129

Czechia S&D

For (1)

1

Belgium S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

2

Greece S&D

1

Croatia S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Renew Renew
91

Italy Renew

2

Poland Renew

1

Sweden Renew

2

Hungary Renew

For (1)

1

Austria Renew

For (1)

1

Finland Renew

3

Lithuania Renew

1

Ireland Renew

2

Greece Renew

1

Croatia Renew

For (1)

1

Slovenia Renew

2

Latvia Renew

For (1)

1

Estonia Renew

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
66

Italy Verts/ALE

3

Poland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Spain Verts/ALE

3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Czechia Verts/ALE

3

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

1

Finland Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

2

Ireland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
61

Romania ECR

1

Sweden ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Finland ECR

1

Slovakia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Greece ECR

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
38
4

Netherlands NI

Against (1)

1

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Slovakia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania NI

1

Croatia NI

Abstain (1)

2

Latvia NI

Abstain (1)

1
icon: The Left The Left
36

Sweden The Left

For (1)

1

Czechia The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium The Left

Abstain (1)

1

Portugal The Left

4

Finland The Left

For (1)

1

Ireland The Left

Abstain (2)

4

Denmark The Left

1

Cyprus The Left

2
icon: ID ID
47

Czechia ID

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Austria ID

3

Denmark ID

Against (1)

1

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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  • The European Parliament adopted by 553 votes to 38, with 25 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Framework Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of Malaysia, of the other part.
  • Parliament gave its consent to the conclusion of the agreement.
  • The agreement aims to establish a stronger partnership between the EU and Malaysia and to deepen and strengthen cooperation on issues of mutual interest, including human rights, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the fight against terrorism, the fight against corruption and organised crime, trade, migration, environment, energy, climate change, transport, science and technology, employment and social affairs, education and agriculture.
  • Respect for democratic principles and human rights, as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), on the one hand, and for the principle of the rule of law on the other, underpins the domestic and international policies of the parties and constitutes an essential element of the agreement.
  • Parliament also adopted a non-legislative resolution on the draft Council decision.
docs/3
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  • The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the report by Gheorghe-Vlad NISTOR (EPP, RO) on the draft Council decision on the conclusion, on behalf of the Union, of the Framework Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of Malaysia, of the other part.
  • The committee responsible recommended that the European Parliament give its consent to the conclusion of the agreement.
  • The agreement aims to establish a stronger partnership between the EU and Malaysia and to deepen and strengthen cooperation on issues of mutual interest, including human rights, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the fight against terrorism, the fight against corruption and organised crime, trade, migration, environment, energy, climate change, transport, science and technology, employment and social affairs, education and agriculture.
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  • PURPOSE: to conclude, on behalf of the European Union, the Framework Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of Malaysia, of the other part.
  • PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.
  • ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.
  • BACKGROUND: in accordance with a Council Decision, the Framework Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of Malaysia, of the other part, was signed, subject to its conclusion at a later date. It is therefore necessary to approve the Agreement on behalf of the Union.
  • CONTENT: the purpose of the draft Council Decision is to approve, on behalf of the Union, the Framework Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of Malaysia, of the other part.
  • The objective of the Agreement is to establish a strengthened partnership between the Union and Malaysia and to deepen and enhance cooperation on issues of mutual interest, including human rights, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, counterterrorism, the fight against corruption and organised crime, trade, migration, the environment, energy, climate change, transport, science and technology, employment and social affairs, education and agriculture.
  • Respect for democratic principles and human rights, as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and other relevant international human rights instruments applicable to the Parties, on the one hand, and for the principle of the rule of law on the other, underpins the internal and international policies of the Parties and constitutes an essential element of the Agreement.
  • Under the Agreement, the Parties:
  • - confirm their shared values as expressed in the Charter of the United Nations;
  • - confirm their commitment to promoting sustainable development, to cooperating to address the challenges of climate change as well as globalisation, and to contributing to the internationally agreed development goals, in particular to strengthening a global partnership for development as renewed in the 2030 Agenda;
  • - reaffirm their attachment to the principles of good governance in all its aspects.
  • The implementation of this Agreement shall be based on the principles of dialogue, mutual respect, equal partnership, consensus and respect for international law. The Agreement establishes a Joint Committee composed of representatives of the Parties at an appropriate high level, that will monitor the development of the bilateral relationship between the Parties.
  • It is the common understanding of the Parties to the Agreement that pursuant to Article 58(1) of the Agreement and in accordance with the Federal Constitution of Malaysia, the notification by the Government of Malaysia expressing its consent to be bound by the Agreement binds Malaysia as a whole.
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  • name: NISTOR Gheorghe-Vlad date: 2022-09-08T00:00:00 group: Group of European People's Party abbr: EPP
events/0/summary
  • PURPOSE: to conclude, on behalf of the European Union, the Framework Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of Malaysia, of the other part.
  • PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision.
  • ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: Council may adopt the act only if Parliament has given its consent to the act.
  • BACKGROUND: in November 2004, the Council authorised the Commission to negotiate individual Framework Agreements on Partnership and Cooperation (PCA) with Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei. Negotiations with Malaysia started in February 2011. They were concluded following the 11th round of negotiations on 12 December 2015. Both sides initialled the PCA in Putrajaya on 6 April 2016.
  • The European Parliament was kept regularly informed throughout the negotiations.
  • The Commission considered that the objectives set by the Council in its negotiating directives had been met and that the draft agreement could be submitted for signature and conclusion.
  • On 4 July 2018, the High Representative and the Commission presented to the Council a new Joint Proposal for a Council Decision on the signing of the Framework Agreement (as a mixed agreement) and its provisional application. However, while agreeing on the mixity of the Agreement, Malaysia preferred not to apply the Agreement provisionally. Member States formally accepted not to apply the PCA provisionally.
  • The Commission's new proposal follows an exchange of letters between the chief negotiators, in which it is clarified that the signature of the Government of Malaysia on the agreement is on behalf of the country as a whole, i.e. at both federal and state level. By signing, the Government of Malaysia would express its intention to bind the whole of Malaysia, including States of Sabah and Sarawak. Following the entry into force of Agreement as stated in Article 58 of the Agreement, Malaysia as a whole would be bound by the Agreement.
  • CONTENT: the Commission proposes that the Council decide to approve, on behalf of the Union, the Framework Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Government of Malaysia, of the other part.
  • The PCA is the first ever bilateral agreement between the EU and Malaysia and replaces the existing legal framework of the 1980 Cooperation Agreement between the European Economic Community and the member countries of the Association of South-East Asian Nations.
  • The PCA:
  • - contains legally binding commitments that are central to the EU's foreign policy, including provisions on human rights, non-proliferation, counter-terrorism, the International Criminal Court, migration and taxation;
  • - broadens considerably the scope for mutual engagement in the economic and trade domain as well as justice and home affairs;
  • - strengthens cooperation in a wide range of policy areas, including human rights, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, counter-terrorism, fight against corruption and organised crime, trade, migration, environment, energy, climate change, transport, science and technology, employment and social affairs, education, agriculture, culture etc.
  • An important part of the PCA is devoted to trade cooperation, which paves the way for the conclusion of the ongoing negotiations on a free trade agreement (FTA).
  • The Agreement establishes a Joint Committee that will monitor the development of the bilateral relationship between the Parties. The Agreement includes a non-execution clause that provides for the possibility of suspending the application of the Agreement in case of violation of essential elements.
  • On a political note, the PCA with Malaysia marks an important step towards strengthening the EU’s role in South-East Asia, based on shared universal values such as democracy and human rights. It paves the way for enhancing political, regional and global cooperation between two likeminded partners.