BETA


2006/0042(COD) Price policy: common rules for the provision of basic information on Purchasing Power Parities PPPs, for their calculation and dissemination

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ECON BOWLES Sharon (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Committee Opinion REGI GALEOTE Gerardo (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
EC Treaty (after Amsterdam) EC 285-p1

Events

2013/06/17
   EC - Follow-up document
Details

The Commission presents its report on the implementation of Regulation (EC) No 1445/2007 establishing common rules for the provision of basic information on Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) and for their calculation and dissemination. The report summarises the state of implementation of the Regulation and various developments since its adoption. It proposes a revision of the regulatory framework for PPPs to reflect those developments, as well as to align it with the Lisbon Treaty.

Transmission of basic data: all EU Member States and EFTA countries comply fully with the requirements regarding data transmission stipulated in the Regulation. This includes their completeness, frequency, timeliness and adherence to the minimum quality standards defined in Annex I of the Regulation.

All acceding and candidate countries (except Montenegro) are also already fully compliant. Montenegro and the two Western Balkan countries that are potential candidate countries are medium to highly compliant with the requirements. The main weaknesses identified for these countries lie in the provision of detailed national accounts data.

Calculation and dissemination of PPPs: Eurostat calculates and disseminates PPPs on an annual basis, going beyond the minimum requirements of the Regulation. No further revisions are made to these final PPPs, in accordance with the Regulation. Eurostat publishes PPPs, price level indices, per capita volume indices and a number of other indicators for 60 categories.

Methodological manual: the Regulation requires Eurostat to produce and maintain a methodological manual. The first version of the ‘Eurostat-OECD Methodological Manual on Purchasing Power Parities’ was published at the end of 2006. In 2012, it was completely revised and fully updated to reflect the most recent methodology. It is available on Eurostat’s website.

Quality control: the Regulation introduced a formal process of quality control into the PPP programme. All countries provided a structured set of documentation on their sources and methods for the collection and provision of basic data. Eurostat started formal assessments of Member States’ practices in 2011 after a period in which countries drafted their Inventories. By the end of 2012, 10 countries had been visited and assessed. The assessment reports are available on Eurostat’s website.

Financing: PPPs are fundamentally international statistics and have limited national purposes. That is why the Regulation stipulates that Member States shall receive a financial contribution from the Commission. This contribution amounts to a maximum of 70 % of the costs eligible under the Commission’s grant rules. The Commission proposes to maintain this financial support, which is necessary to ensure the sustainability of the PPP programme.

Developments since the adoption of the PPP Regulation:

- A Rolling Review on the PPP programme was carried out in 2010 in the context of Eurostat’s Quality Assurance Framework. The Review report formulated a set of recommendations that Eurostat is following up.

- The methodology for comparing prices and volumes of different goods and services across countries is evolving continuously. The improvement in methodology is on-going and will continue. However, whenever a new method is introduced, there is a break in the time series of PPPs, as data preceding the innovation are no longer strictly comparable to data compiled after it. The Regulation states that published final PPPs are generally not revised which effectively prevents Eurostat from providing users with a better service, which would be possible if the new method were to be applied as far back in the series as possible.

- Classification of Individual Consumption according to Purpose (COICOP): for the purpose of PPP calculations, household consumption expenditure is broken down into categories derived from the COICOP. The introduction of the harmonised five-digit COICOP in the PPP exercise requires an adaptation of the basic heading classification in annex II of the Regulation.

- European System of Accounts 2010: the Regulation ensures that the definitions used in the PPP programme are fully in line with those of the European System of Accounts 1995 (ESA 95). The ESA 95 is currently being updated and a new ESA Regulation (‘ESA 2010’) will be applied by the Member States from September 2014.

- Classification of Products by Activity (CPA): a revision of annex II of the Regulation is required to align the PPP classification with the new CPA 2008.

- The Regulation also needs to be adapted to take into account the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009. In particular, the ‘comitology’ articles need to be reviewed to bring them into line with new procedures.

2007/12/20
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to establish common rules for the provision of basic information on Purchasing Power Parities and for their calculation and dissemination

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Regulation (EC) No 1445/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing common rules for the provision of basic information on Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) and for their calculation and dissemination.

CONTENT: The objective of this Regulation is to establish common rules for the provision of basic information on PPPs, and for their calculation and dissemination.

PPPs are currency conversion rates that convert economic indicators expressed in national currencies to a common currency and, at the same time, take account of price level differences and thus allow pure volume comparisons of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and its aggregates between countries.

In order to obtain a comparison of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in volume terms between Member States, the Community needed to have Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) which reflected the differences in the level of prices between Member States. Economic aggregates converted into a common currency using PPPs have a wide range of uses in the Commission. PPPs are economically and politically vital indicators for the EU.

The Commission (Eurostat) collected basic information on PPPs from the Member States on a voluntary basis. Whilst this operation had become an established practice in the Member States, a legal framework was necessary to ensure the sustainable development, production and dissemination of PPPs. This regulation prvides such a framework. Its purpose is to codify what was already being done by the Member States and Eurostat to calculate annual PPPs, and hence to give the work a statutory basis. The setting-up of a legal basis for PPPs should improve the transparency, timeliness and quality of the entire process of PPP production, both within the national statistical institutes (NSIs) and in Eurostat.

Member States will receive from the Commission a financial contribution of a maximum of 70 % of the costs eligible under the Commission's grant rules. The amount of such financial contribution shall be fixed as part of the annual budgetary procedures of the EU. The budget authority shall determine the appropriations available each year.

The provisions of the Regulation shall be reviewed five years after its entry into force. It shall be revised, if appropriate, on the basis of a Commission report and proposal, submitted to the European Parliament and the Council.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 09/01/2008.

2007/12/11
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2007/12/11
   CSL - Final act signed
2007/12/11
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2007/11/13
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
Details

Following the priorities set-out in the ECOFIN Council on 8 November 2005 on statistical governance, on 7 November 2006 on the Status Report on Information Requirements in EMU and on the public communication of major statistical revisions, and on 28 November 2006 on the reduction of the administrative burden related to statistics, the ECOFIN Council reviewed progress made in these areas. It adopted the following conclusions:

2007 EFC Status Report on Information Requirements : the Council endorses the 2007 EFC Status Report on Information Requirements in the EMU. In particular, it welcomes the progress achieved with the Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEIs), following the recommendations of the 2006 EFC Status Report. It encourages ongoing efforts to promote best practices and data sharing and reiterates the need to strengthen the accuracy and reliability of the indicators. The Council calls upon the European Statistical System to step up efforts to also ensure the regular availability and high quality of the statistics for structural analysis. Eurostat and the ECB are invited to provide an updated Status Report on the fulfilment of EMU statistical requirements in 2008 and to review the scope, timeliness and quality of the PEEIs in the light of the results achieved, the constraints encountered and the evolving users’ needs for economic and monetary policy purposes.

Reduction of statistical burden : noting that available measurements have not indicated a significant reduction in the overall statistical burden since 2006, the Council underlines that the right balance has to be found between minimising the response burden and providing sufficiently high quality statistics for Community policies. The Council in particular: i) emphasises the desirability of respondents to report only once by combining reporting for different purposes and make the best use of the data that is already available by integrating existing statistics, including administrative data, to the extent possible; ii) welcomes the examination by the Commission (Eurostat), the Statistical Programme Committee (SPC) and the Committee for Monetary, Financial and Balance of Payments Statistics (CMFB) regarding the simplification of Intrastat; iii) agrees with the objective to reduce the coverage ratio in the short term while preparing a move to an alternative method in the long term, such as the single flow method, which requires further study; iv) invites the Commission to step up its efforts to enhance the measurement of the statistical response burden with a view to develop agreed criteria to assess progress objectively and to make a further assessment of the change in overall burden by October 2008.

Statistical Governance : the Council welcomes the agreement reached with the European Parliament and the Commission on the establishment of the European Statistical Governance Advisory Board (ESGAB) and the European Statistical Advisory Committee (ESAC), and anticipates their swift establishment. Furthermore, it welcomes the initiative to modernise the current legal framework governing the development, production and dissemination of European Statistics and takes note that the Commission forwarded to the Council, in accordance with the procedure laid down in article 251 of the Treaty (co-decision), a proposal for a Regulation on European Statistics. The Council recognises the major efforts required by National Statistical Institutes and Eurostat in the peer review exercise, as well as the high commitment of the partners involved. It looks forward to the report to the European Parliament and the Council on progress with the compliance with the European Statistics Code of Practice in 2008 and underlines the importance that all Member States provide the necessary input to Eurostat according to the agreed timetable.

Communication of Major Statistical Revisions : the Council underlines that major revisions of macro-economic and social statistics in Member States can have substantive implications for European economic policies and for the credibility of the European Statistical System as a whole. It believes that a proper communication of the impacts of major revisions within the EU is crucial. Therefore, the Council welcomes the guidelines on the public communication of major statistical revisions in the European Union as set up by the CMFB, in response to the conclusions of the Ecofin Council of 7 November 2006. Lastly, it invites Member States to follow these guidelines.

The Council also adopted, without discussion, a regulation establishing common rules for the provision of basic information on purchasing power parities (PPPs) and for their calculation and dissemination. It approved all of the European Parliament's amendments in first reading. The regulation codifies what has already been in practice for several years, during which time member states have provided information on a voluntary basis within the European statistical system. PPPs need to be produced in accordance with a harmonised methodology, consistent with the Community system of national and regional accounts. The regulation is aimed at improving the transparency, timeliness and quality of the process, also in the context of international cooperation on PPPs, in which the EU plays a leading role.

2007/11/13
   CSL - Council Meeting
2007/05/31
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2007/04/26
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2007/04/26
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted a resolution drafted by Sharon Bowles (ALDE, UK) and made some amendments to the proposal:

- changes are proposed that update the references to relevant Council Regulations and to clarify that the provision of preliminary results on a regular basis, as is currently the practice, will be maintained in order to keep the freshest possible figures available;

- a new recital states that Member States are encouraged to produce data for regional PPPs;

- a maximum time period of one month for Member States to provide written approval of the survey results once they have been validated is introduced in order to avoid delay;

- the minimum frequencies given for collection of data should not be increased without good reason, so as not to cause excessive burden. One amendment states, therefore, that data shall be collected with the minimum frequency provided in Annex I. More frequent collection of data shall be planned only in exceptional and justified circumstance;

- "Item" means a good or service precisely defined for use in price observation;

- the new comitology procedures will apply. The Commission will have the power to adapt the definitions, to adjust the basic headings in Annex II and to define quality criteria. Since those measures are of general scope and designed to amend non-essential elements or supplement the Regulation by the addition of new non-essential elements, they will be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny laid down in Article 5a of Council Decision 1999/468/EC.

- to provide maximum transparency, interim figures and assessment and compliance reports are to be made available on website;

- on financing, a new clause provides that Member States shall receive from the Commission a financial contribution of a maximum of 70% of the costs eligible under the Commission's grant rules. The amount of such financial contribution shall be fixed as part of the annual budgetary procedures of the European Union. The budget authority shall determine the appropriations available each year.

Documents
2007/03/27
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2007/03/27
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2007/03/21
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2007/02/05
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2006/12/21
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2006/12/19
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2006/09/13
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2006/04/25
   EP - GALEOTE Gerardo (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in REGI
2006/04/03
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2006/04/03
   EP - BOWLES Sharon (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in ECON
2006/03/22
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE : to establish common rules for the provision of basic information on Purchasing Power Parities and for their calculation and dissemination.

PROPOSED ACT : Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

CONTENT : PPPs are currency conversion rates that convert economic indicators expressed in national currencies to a common currency and, at the same time, take account of price level differences and thus allow pure volume comparisons of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and its aggregates between countries.

In order to obtain a comparison of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in volume terms between Member States, there is an essential need for the Community to have Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) which reflect the differences in the level of prices between Member States. Economic aggregates converted into a common currency using PPPs have a wide range of uses in the Commission. PPPs are economically and politically vital indicators for the EU.

The Commission has a statutory responsibility for calculating GDP on a purchasing power basis, however, the Member States currently have no legal obligation to co-operate. Given that the very nature of this work is multilateral, if only one country withdrew its support the validity of the whole exercise would be impaired. It is therefore important to provide a stable, binding and reliable legal framework capable of ensuring the timely availability of these data.

The purpose of a PPP Regulation would be to codify what is already being done by the Member States and Eurostat to calculate annual PPPs, and hence to give the work a statutory basis. It would not call for any new work to be done, except to introduce new elements of quality control; nor would it seek to encompass other matters, such as price comparisons in general.

The setting-up of a legal basis for PPPs should improve the transparency, timeliness and quality of the entire process of PPP production, both within the national statistical institutes (NSIs) and in Eurostat.

For further information concerning the financial implications of this measure, please refer to the financial statement.

Documents

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Economic and Monetary Affairs
committee
ECON
rapporteur
name: BOWLES Sharon date: 2006-04-03T00:00:00 group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Economic and Monetary Affairs
committee
ECON
date
2006-04-03T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: BOWLES Sharon group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
committees/1
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Regional Development
committee
REGI
rapporteur
name: GALEOTE Gerardo date: 2006-04-25T00:00:00 group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
committees/1
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Regional Development
committee
REGI
date
2006-04-25T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: GALEOTE Gerardo group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
docs/4/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-77&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2007-0077_EN.html
docs/5/body
EC
docs/7/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2013/0420/COM_COM(2013)0420_EN.pdf
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2013/0420/COM_COM(2013)0420_EN.pdf
events/3/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-77&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2007-0077_EN.html
events/5/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2007-161
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-6-2007-0161_EN.html
events/9/docs/1/url
Old
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2007:336:TOC
New
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2007:336:SOM:EN:HTML
activities
  • date: 2006-03-22T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2006/0135/COM_COM(2006)0135_EN.pdf title: COM(2006)0135 type: Legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52006PC0135:EN body: EC commission: DG: url: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/eurostat/home title: Eurostat Commissioner: ALMUNIA Joaquín type: Legislative proposal published
  • date: 2006-04-03T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ECON date: 2006-04-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: BOWLES Sharon body: EP responsible: False committee: REGI date: 2006-04-25T00:00:00 committee_full: Regional Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: GALEOTE Gerardo
  • date: 2007-03-21T00:00:00 body: EP type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ECON date: 2006-04-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: BOWLES Sharon body: EP responsible: False committee: REGI date: 2006-04-25T00:00:00 committee_full: Regional Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: GALEOTE Gerardo
  • date: 2007-03-27T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-77&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A6-0077/2007 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ECON date: 2006-04-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: BOWLES Sharon body: EP responsible: False committee: REGI date: 2006-04-25T00:00:00 committee_full: Regional Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: GALEOTE Gerardo type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2007-04-26T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=13441&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2007-161 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0161/2007 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2007-11-13T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Economic and Financial Affairs ECOFIN meeting_id: 2828
  • date: 2007-11-13T00:00:00 body: EP/CSL type: Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
  • date: 2007-12-11T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Final act signed
  • date: 2007-12-11T00:00:00 body: EP type: End of procedure in Parliament
  • date: 2007-12-20T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32007R1445 title: Regulation 2007/1445 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2007:336:SOM:EN:HTML title: OJ L 336 20.12.2007, p. 0001
commission
  • body: EC dg: Eurostat commissioner: ALMUNIA Joaquín
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Economic and Monetary Affairs
committee
ECON
date
2006-04-03T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: BOWLES Sharon group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
committees/0
body
EP
responsible
True
committee
ECON
date
2006-04-03T00:00:00
committee_full
Economic and Monetary Affairs
rapporteur
group: ALDE name: BOWLES Sharon
committees/1
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Regional Development
committee
REGI
date
2006-04-25T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: GALEOTE Gerardo group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
committees/1
body
EP
responsible
False
committee
REGI
date
2006-04-25T00:00:00
committee_full
Regional Development
rapporteur
group: PPE-DE name: GALEOTE Gerardo
council
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Economic and Financial Affairs ECOFIN meeting_id: 2828 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2828*&MEET_DATE=13/11/2007 date: 2007-11-13T00:00:00
docs
  • date: 2006-09-13T00:00:00 docs: url: https://dm.eesc.europa.eu/EESCDocumentSearch/Pages/redresults.aspx?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:1149)(documentyear:2006)(documentlanguage:EN) title: CES1149/2006 type: Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report body: ESC
  • date: 2006-12-19T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE380.852&secondRef=02 title: PE380.852 committee: REGI type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2006-12-21T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE382.545 title: PE382.545 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2007-02-05T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE384.413 title: PE384.413 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2007-03-27T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-77&language=EN title: A6-0077/2007 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2007-05-31T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=13441&j=0&l=en title: SP(2007)2625/2 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
  • date: 2007-12-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=[%n4]%2F07&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 03615/2007/LEX type: Draft final act body: CSL
  • date: 2013-06-17T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2013/0420/COM_COM(2013)0420_EN.pdf title: COM(2013)0420 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2013&nu_doc=420 title: EUR-Lex summary: The Commission presents its report on the implementation of Regulation (EC) No 1445/2007 establishing common rules for the provision of basic information on Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) and for their calculation and dissemination. The report summarises the state of implementation of the Regulation and various developments since its adoption. It proposes a revision of the regulatory framework for PPPs to reflect those developments, as well as to align it with the Lisbon Treaty. Transmission of basic data: all EU Member States and EFTA countries comply fully with the requirements regarding data transmission stipulated in the Regulation. This includes their completeness, frequency, timeliness and adherence to the minimum quality standards defined in Annex I of the Regulation. All acceding and candidate countries (except Montenegro) are also already fully compliant. Montenegro and the two Western Balkan countries that are potential candidate countries are medium to highly compliant with the requirements. The main weaknesses identified for these countries lie in the provision of detailed national accounts data. Calculation and dissemination of PPPs: Eurostat calculates and disseminates PPPs on an annual basis, going beyond the minimum requirements of the Regulation. No further revisions are made to these final PPPs, in accordance with the Regulation. Eurostat publishes PPPs, price level indices, per capita volume indices and a number of other indicators for 60 categories. Methodological manual: the Regulation requires Eurostat to produce and maintain a methodological manual. The first version of the ‘Eurostat-OECD Methodological Manual on Purchasing Power Parities’ was published at the end of 2006. In 2012, it was completely revised and fully updated to reflect the most recent methodology. It is available on Eurostat’s website. Quality control: the Regulation introduced a formal process of quality control into the PPP programme. All countries provided a structured set of documentation on their sources and methods for the collection and provision of basic data. Eurostat started formal assessments of Member States’ practices in 2011 after a period in which countries drafted their Inventories. By the end of 2012, 10 countries had been visited and assessed. The assessment reports are available on Eurostat’s website. Financing: PPPs are fundamentally international statistics and have limited national purposes. That is why the Regulation stipulates that Member States shall receive a financial contribution from the Commission. This contribution amounts to a maximum of 70 % of the costs eligible under the Commission’s grant rules. The Commission proposes to maintain this financial support, which is necessary to ensure the sustainability of the PPP programme. Developments since the adoption of the PPP Regulation: - A Rolling Review on the PPP programme was carried out in 2010 in the context of Eurostat’s Quality Assurance Framework. The Review report formulated a set of recommendations that Eurostat is following up. - The methodology for comparing prices and volumes of different goods and services across countries is evolving continuously. The improvement in methodology is on-going and will continue. However, whenever a new method is introduced, there is a break in the time series of PPPs, as data preceding the innovation are no longer strictly comparable to data compiled after it. The Regulation states that published final PPPs are generally not revised which effectively prevents Eurostat from providing users with a better service, which would be possible if the new method were to be applied as far back in the series as possible. - Classification of Individual Consumption according to Purpose (COICOP): for the purpose of PPP calculations, household consumption expenditure is broken down into categories derived from the COICOP. The introduction of the harmonised five-digit COICOP in the PPP exercise requires an adaptation of the basic heading classification in annex II of the Regulation. - European System of Accounts 2010: the Regulation ensures that the definitions used in the PPP programme are fully in line with those of the European System of Accounts 1995 (ESA 95). The ESA 95 is currently being updated and a new ESA Regulation (‘ESA 2010’) will be applied by the Member States from September 2014. - Classification of Products by Activity (CPA): a revision of annex II of the Regulation is required to align the PPP classification with the new CPA 2008. - The Regulation also needs to be adapted to take into account the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009. In particular, the ‘comitology’ articles need to be reviewed to bring them into line with new procedures. type: Follow-up document body: EC
events
  • date: 2006-03-22T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2006/0135/COM_COM(2006)0135_EN.pdf title: COM(2006)0135 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2006&nu_doc=135 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE : to establish common rules for the provision of basic information on Purchasing Power Parities and for their calculation and dissemination. PROPOSED ACT : Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council. CONTENT : PPPs are currency conversion rates that convert economic indicators expressed in national currencies to a common currency and, at the same time, take account of price level differences and thus allow pure volume comparisons of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and its aggregates between countries. In order to obtain a comparison of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in volume terms between Member States, there is an essential need for the Community to have Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) which reflect the differences in the level of prices between Member States. Economic aggregates converted into a common currency using PPPs have a wide range of uses in the Commission. PPPs are economically and politically vital indicators for the EU. The Commission has a statutory responsibility for calculating GDP on a purchasing power basis, however, the Member States currently have no legal obligation to co-operate. Given that the very nature of this work is multilateral, if only one country withdrew its support the validity of the whole exercise would be impaired. It is therefore important to provide a stable, binding and reliable legal framework capable of ensuring the timely availability of these data. The purpose of a PPP Regulation would be to codify what is already being done by the Member States and Eurostat to calculate annual PPPs, and hence to give the work a statutory basis. It would not call for any new work to be done, except to introduce new elements of quality control; nor would it seek to encompass other matters, such as price comparisons in general. The setting-up of a legal basis for PPPs should improve the transparency, timeliness and quality of the entire process of PPP production, both within the national statistical institutes (NSIs) and in Eurostat. For further information concerning the financial implications of this measure, please refer to the financial statement.
  • date: 2006-04-03T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2007-03-21T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2007-03-27T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-77&language=EN title: A6-0077/2007
  • date: 2007-04-26T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=13441&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2007-04-26T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2007-161 title: T6-0161/2007 summary: The European Parliament adopted a resolution drafted by Sharon Bowles (ALDE, UK) and made some amendments to the proposal: - changes are proposed that update the references to relevant Council Regulations and to clarify that the provision of preliminary results on a regular basis, as is currently the practice, will be maintained in order to keep the freshest possible figures available; - a new recital states that Member States are encouraged to produce data for regional PPPs; - a maximum time period of one month for Member States to provide written approval of the survey results once they have been validated is introduced in order to avoid delay; - the minimum frequencies given for collection of data should not be increased without good reason, so as not to cause excessive burden. One amendment states, therefore, that data shall be collected with the minimum frequency provided in Annex I. More frequent collection of data shall be planned only in exceptional and justified circumstance; - "Item" means a good or service precisely defined for use in price observation; - the new comitology procedures will apply. The Commission will have the power to adapt the definitions, to adjust the basic headings in Annex II and to define quality criteria. Since those measures are of general scope and designed to amend non-essential elements or supplement the Regulation by the addition of new non-essential elements, they will be adopted in accordance with the regulatory procedure with scrutiny laid down in Article 5a of Council Decision 1999/468/EC. - to provide maximum transparency, interim figures and assessment and compliance reports are to be made available on website; - on financing, a new clause provides that Member States shall receive from the Commission a financial contribution of a maximum of 70% of the costs eligible under the Commission's grant rules. The amount of such financial contribution shall be fixed as part of the annual budgetary procedures of the European Union. The budget authority shall determine the appropriations available each year.
  • date: 2007-11-13T00:00:00 type: Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading body: EP/CSL summary: Following the priorities set-out in the ECOFIN Council on 8 November 2005 on statistical governance, on 7 November 2006 on the Status Report on Information Requirements in EMU and on the public communication of major statistical revisions, and on 28 November 2006 on the reduction of the administrative burden related to statistics, the ECOFIN Council reviewed progress made in these areas. It adopted the following conclusions: 2007 EFC Status Report on Information Requirements : the Council endorses the 2007 EFC Status Report on Information Requirements in the EMU. In particular, it welcomes the progress achieved with the Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEIs), following the recommendations of the 2006 EFC Status Report. It encourages ongoing efforts to promote best practices and data sharing and reiterates the need to strengthen the accuracy and reliability of the indicators. The Council calls upon the European Statistical System to step up efforts to also ensure the regular availability and high quality of the statistics for structural analysis. Eurostat and the ECB are invited to provide an updated Status Report on the fulfilment of EMU statistical requirements in 2008 and to review the scope, timeliness and quality of the PEEIs in the light of the results achieved, the constraints encountered and the evolving users’ needs for economic and monetary policy purposes. Reduction of statistical burden : noting that available measurements have not indicated a significant reduction in the overall statistical burden since 2006, the Council underlines that the right balance has to be found between minimising the response burden and providing sufficiently high quality statistics for Community policies. The Council in particular: i) emphasises the desirability of respondents to report only once by combining reporting for different purposes and make the best use of the data that is already available by integrating existing statistics, including administrative data, to the extent possible; ii) welcomes the examination by the Commission (Eurostat), the Statistical Programme Committee (SPC) and the Committee for Monetary, Financial and Balance of Payments Statistics (CMFB) regarding the simplification of Intrastat; iii) agrees with the objective to reduce the coverage ratio in the short term while preparing a move to an alternative method in the long term, such as the single flow method, which requires further study; iv) invites the Commission to step up its efforts to enhance the measurement of the statistical response burden with a view to develop agreed criteria to assess progress objectively and to make a further assessment of the change in overall burden by October 2008. Statistical Governance : the Council welcomes the agreement reached with the European Parliament and the Commission on the establishment of the European Statistical Governance Advisory Board (ESGAB) and the European Statistical Advisory Committee (ESAC), and anticipates their swift establishment. Furthermore, it welcomes the initiative to modernise the current legal framework governing the development, production and dissemination of European Statistics and takes note that the Commission forwarded to the Council, in accordance with the procedure laid down in article 251 of the Treaty (co-decision), a proposal for a Regulation on European Statistics. The Council recognises the major efforts required by National Statistical Institutes and Eurostat in the peer review exercise, as well as the high commitment of the partners involved. It looks forward to the report to the European Parliament and the Council on progress with the compliance with the European Statistics Code of Practice in 2008 and underlines the importance that all Member States provide the necessary input to Eurostat according to the agreed timetable. Communication of Major Statistical Revisions : the Council underlines that major revisions of macro-economic and social statistics in Member States can have substantive implications for European economic policies and for the credibility of the European Statistical System as a whole. It believes that a proper communication of the impacts of major revisions within the EU is crucial. Therefore, the Council welcomes the guidelines on the public communication of major statistical revisions in the European Union as set up by the CMFB, in response to the conclusions of the Ecofin Council of 7 November 2006. Lastly, it invites Member States to follow these guidelines. The Council also adopted, without discussion, a regulation establishing common rules for the provision of basic information on purchasing power parities (PPPs) and for their calculation and dissemination. It approved all of the European Parliament's amendments in first reading. The regulation codifies what has already been in practice for several years, during which time member states have provided information on a voluntary basis within the European statistical system. PPPs need to be produced in accordance with a harmonised methodology, consistent with the Community system of national and regional accounts. The regulation is aimed at improving the transparency, timeliness and quality of the process, also in the context of international cooperation on PPPs, in which the EU plays a leading role.
  • date: 2007-12-11T00:00:00 type: Final act signed body: CSL
  • date: 2007-12-11T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2007-12-20T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: to establish common rules for the provision of basic information on Purchasing Power Parities and for their calculation and dissemination LEGISLATIVE ACT: Regulation (EC) No 1445/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing common rules for the provision of basic information on Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) and for their calculation and dissemination. CONTENT: The objective of this Regulation is to establish common rules for the provision of basic information on PPPs, and for their calculation and dissemination. PPPs are currency conversion rates that convert economic indicators expressed in national currencies to a common currency and, at the same time, take account of price level differences and thus allow pure volume comparisons of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and its aggregates between countries. In order to obtain a comparison of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in volume terms between Member States, the Community needed to have Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) which reflected the differences in the level of prices between Member States. Economic aggregates converted into a common currency using PPPs have a wide range of uses in the Commission. PPPs are economically and politically vital indicators for the EU. The Commission (Eurostat) collected basic information on PPPs from the Member States on a voluntary basis. Whilst this operation had become an established practice in the Member States, a legal framework was necessary to ensure the sustainable development, production and dissemination of PPPs. This regulation prvides such a framework. Its purpose is to codify what was already being done by the Member States and Eurostat to calculate annual PPPs, and hence to give the work a statutory basis. The setting-up of a legal basis for PPPs should improve the transparency, timeliness and quality of the entire process of PPP production, both within the national statistical institutes (NSIs) and in Eurostat. Member States will receive from the Commission a financial contribution of a maximum of 70 % of the costs eligible under the Commission's grant rules. The amount of such financial contribution shall be fixed as part of the annual budgetary procedures of the EU. The budget authority shall determine the appropriations available each year. The provisions of the Regulation shall be reviewed five years after its entry into force. It shall be revised, if appropriate, on the basis of a Commission report and proposal, submitted to the European Parliament and the Council. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 09/01/2008. docs: title: Regulation 2007/1445 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32007R1445 title: OJ L 336 20.12.2007, p. 0001 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2007:336:TOC
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/eurostat/home title: Eurostat commissioner: ALMUNIA Joaquín
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
ECON/6/35195
New
  • ECON/6/35195
procedure/final/url
Old
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32007R1445
New
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32007R1445
procedure/subject
Old
  • 5.10.02 Price policy, price stabilisation
  • 8.60 European statistical legislation
New
5.10.02
Price policy, price stabilisation
8.60
European statistical legislation
activities/9/docs/1/url
Old
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2007:336:TOC
New
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2007:336:SOM:EN:HTML
links/European Commission/title
Old
PreLex
New
EUR-Lex
activities
  • date: 2006-03-22T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2006/0135/COM_COM(2006)0135_EN.pdf celexid: CELEX:52006PC0135:EN type: Legislative proposal published title: COM(2006)0135 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC commission: DG: url: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/eurostat/home title: Eurostat Commissioner: ALMUNIA Joaquín
  • date: 2006-04-03T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ECON date: 2006-04-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: BOWLES Sharon body: EP responsible: False committee: REGI date: 2006-04-25T00:00:00 committee_full: Regional Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: GALEOTE Gerardo
  • date: 2007-03-21T00:00:00 body: EP type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ECON date: 2006-04-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: BOWLES Sharon body: EP responsible: False committee: REGI date: 2006-04-25T00:00:00 committee_full: Regional Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: GALEOTE Gerardo
  • date: 2007-03-27T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2007-77&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A6-0077/2007 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: ECON date: 2006-04-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: BOWLES Sharon body: EP responsible: False committee: REGI date: 2006-04-25T00:00:00 committee_full: Regional Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: GALEOTE Gerardo type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2007-04-26T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=13441&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2007-161 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0161/2007 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2007-11-13T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Economic and Financial Affairs ECOFIN meeting_id: 2828
  • date: 2007-11-13T00:00:00 body: EP/CSL type: Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
  • date: 2007-12-11T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Final act signed
  • date: 2007-12-11T00:00:00 body: EP type: End of procedure in Parliament
  • date: 2007-12-20T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32007R1445 title: Regulation 2007/1445 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2007:336:TOC title: OJ L 336 20.12.2007, p. 0001
committees
  • body: EP responsible: True committee: ECON date: 2006-04-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: BOWLES Sharon
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: REGI date: 2006-04-25T00:00:00 committee_full: Regional Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: GALEOTE Gerardo
links
National parliaments
European Commission
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/eurostat/home title: Eurostat commissioner: ALMUNIA Joaquín
procedure
dossier_of_the_committee
ECON/6/35195
reference
2006/0042(COD)
instrument
Regulation
legal_basis
EC Treaty (after Amsterdam) EC 285-p1
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Legislation
title
Price policy: common rules for the provision of basic information on Purchasing Power Parities PPPs, for their calculation and dissemination
type
COD - Ordinary legislative procedure (ex-codecision procedure)
final
subject