BETA


2007/0094(COD) Immigration policy: sanctions against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead LIBE FAVA Claudio (icon: PSE PSE)
Committee Opinion EMPL BAUER Edit (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Committee Opinion ITRE
Committee Opinion AGRI CASTIGLIONE Giuseppe (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Committee Opinion FEMM DE LANGE Esther (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
EC Treaty (after Amsterdam) EC 063-p3b

Events

2021/09/29
   EC - Follow-up document
2014/10/20
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2014/05/22
   EC - Follow-up document
Details

The Commission presents a report on the application of Directive 2009/52/EC providing for minimum standards on sanctions and measures against employers of illegally staying third‑country nationals.

The report recalls the key objectives of the Directive seek to counter the pull factor of finding work . It toughens sanctions for illegal employment and improves detection mechanisms, while providing for protective measures designed to redress injustices suffered by irregular migrants. It forms part of a set of measures taken by the EU to effectively tackle irregular immigration; other measures include enhanced cooperation with third countries, integrated management of operational borders, an effective return policy and reinforced legislation to fight against human trafficking.

Status of transposition : Member States were to transpose Directive 2009/52/EC into their national legislation by 20 July 2011. The Commission launched infringement proceedings against 20 Member States for not having done so in time. These have since all been closed.

Before adopting transposing legislation, Italy and Luxembourg allowed for a period during which employers could declare illegally staying migrants working for them and, while requiring payment of a fine and fulfilment of certain conditions, enabled regularisation mechanisms.

All Member States bound by the Directive now prohibit the employment of irregular migrants and only a few have allowed an exception for those whose removal has been postponed. Several Member States have decided to go beyond the scope of the Directive, applying it also to third-country nationals who are legally-staying but whose residence permit does not allow them to perform an economic activity.

Principal conclusions : this Communication responds to the Commission’s obligation to report to the European Parliament and the Council on the application of the Employers’ Sanctions Directive. It provides an overview of the financial and criminal sanctions that the chain of employers may incur across the EU for illegal employment. It then sets out how protective measures for illegally employed migrants were enacted in the national legislations. It finally describes how Member States have transposed the mechanisms set out in the Directive to effectively detect and penalise illegal employment and provides an assessment of Member States’ inspection reports.

Differences in the severity of the sanctions : the report notes that the severity of the sanctions as applied to employers varies considerably pursuant to the Directive. The Commission therefore raises concerns whether sanctions can always be effective, proportionate or dissuasive and will therefore have to be further assessed.

Protection of migrants : some Member States have yet to implement the protective elements of the Directive in a satisfactory manner. There remains room for improvement in all areas offering protection to irregular migrants, be it the right to make a claim against an employer, effective mechanisms for doing so or something as basic as providing systematic and objective information on their rights.

Inspections : some Member States are likely to need to make substantial efforts to improve not only their reporting on inspections, but also the inspections themselves and their prioritisation efforts through systematic identification of sectors at risk. On the basis of the data collected for 2012, it seems that much still needs to be done to ensure that an adequate and effective inspections system is in place. The lack of such a system calls into serious doubt the effective enforcement of the prohibition of illegal employment and the efforts of the Member States to reduce differences in enforcement of the Directive.

As Member States are obliged to report on inspections each year before 1 July, the Commission will continue to monitor closely the measures taken by Member States in this area and take action if necessary. In order to raise Member States’ awareness of these and other potential problems identified in the transposition of the Directive, the Commission is engaged in bilateral exchanges with each Member State and will launch EU pilot procedures where necessary.

Next steps : the Commission will provide support to Member States to ensure a satisfactory level of implementation of the Directive across the EU. As it has been doing on a continuous basis since the adoption of the Directive in 2009, the Commission will invite Member States to discuss the legal transposition and implementation of several key provisions of the Directive at upcoming meetings. If necessary, guidelines on the practical implementation of the Directive could also be drawn up including on the enforcement of the rights of migrants.

2009/06/30
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to prohibit the employment of illegally staying third-country nationals in order to fight illegal immigration in the EU and to provide minimum common standards on sanctions and measures to be applied in the Member States against employers who infringe that prohibition.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Directive 2009/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council providing for minimum standards on sanctions and measures against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals.

BACKGROUND: one of Europe’s greatest “pull” factors for illegal immigrants is the possibility of finding work and a better way of life in the European Union. Illegal immigrants help meet the needs of some employers who are willing to take advantage of workers prepared to undertake what are mostly low-skilled and low paid jobs. The scale of the phenomenon is hard to quantify and estimates vary from between 4.5 million to 8 million. Illegal employment is concentrated in certain sectors namely construction, agriculture, cleaning and hotel/catering. New rules are needed to put an end to abuses by unscrupulous employers who make contracts with illegally-staying providing them in the labour market with low salaries and poor labour conditions. To fight against illegal immigration, it is necessary to lay down a framework containing common sanctions and measures to be applied to employers who infringe that prohibition.

CONTENT: following a first reading agreement with the European Parliament, the European Parliament and the Council adopted a Directive aimed at fighting illegal immigration by prohibiting the employment of illegally staying third-country nationals . The Directive lays down minimum common standards on sanctions and measures to be applied in the EU Member States against employers who infringe that prohibition.

Obligations on employers : before employing a third-country national, Member States shall oblige employers to:

require that a third-country national before taking up the employment holds and presents to the employer a valid residence permit or other authorisation for his or her stay;

keep for at least the duration of the employment a copy or record of the residence permit or other authorisation for stay available for possible inspection by the competent authorities of the Member States;

notify the competent authorities designated by Member States of the start of employment of third-country nationals within a period laid down by each Member State .

Member States may provide for a simplified procedure for notification where the employers are natural persons and the employment is for their private purposes. Member States may provide that notification is not required where the employee has been granted long-term residence status under Council Directive 2003/109/EC concerning the status of third-country nationals who are long-term residents.

Member States shall ensure that employers who have fulfilled their obligations shall not be held liable for an infringement of the prohibition unless the employers knew that the document presented as a valid residence permit or another authorisation for stay was a forgery.

Sanctions : to enforce the general prohibition and to deter infringements, Member States should provide for appropriate sanctions.

1) financial sanctions : these shall include:

financial sanctions which shall increase in amount according to the number of illegally employed third-country nationals; payments of the costs of return of illegally employed third-country nationals in those cases where return procedures are carried out.

Member States may provide for reduced financial sanctions where the employer is a natural person who employs an illegally staying third-country national for his or her private purposes and where no particularly exploitative working conditions are involved.

2) Back payments to be made by employers : in respect of each infringement of the prohibition, Member States shall ensure that the employer shall be liable to pay:

any outstanding remuneration to the illegally employed third-country national. The agreed level of remuneration shall be presumed to have been at least as high as the wage provided for by the applicable laws on minimum wages, by collective agreements or in accordance with established practice in the relevant occupational branches, unless either the employer or the employee can prove otherwise, while respecting, where appropriate, the mandatory national provisions on wages; an amount equal to any taxes and social security contributions that the employer would have paid had the third-country national been legally employed, including penalty payments for delays and relevant administrative fines; where appropriate, any cost arising from sending back payments to the country to which the third-country national has returned or has been returned.

3) Other measures : Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that employers shall also, if appropriate, be subject to the following measures:

exclusion from entitlement to some or all public benefits, aid or subsidies, including EU funding managed by Member States, for up to five years; exclusion from participation in a public contract for up to five years; recovery of some or all public benefits, aid, or subsidies, including EU funding managed by Member States, granted to the employer for up to 12 months preceding the detection of illegal employment; temporary or permanent closure of the establishments that have been used to commit the infringement, or temporary or permanent withdrawal of a licence to conduct the business activity in question, if justified by the gravity of the infringement.

4) Criminal offence : Member States shall ensure that the infringement of the prohibition constitutes a criminal offence when committed intentionally , in each of the following circumstances as defined by national law: (i) the infringement continues or is persistently repeated; (ii) the infringement is in respect of the simultaneous employment of a significant number of illegally staying third-country nationals; (iii) the infringement is accompanied by particularly exploitative working conditions; (iv) the infringement is committed by an employer who, while not having been charged with or convicted of an offence

established pursuant to Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA, uses work or services exacted from an illegally staying third-country national with the knowledge that he or she is a victim of trafficking in human beings; (v) the infringement relates to the illegal employment of a minor.

Member States shall ensure that inciting, aiding and abetting the intentional conduct is punishable as a criminal offence.

Rights to third-country nationals employed illegally : it is also provides that third-country nationals employed illegally may also benefit from the following rights:

Right to claim for outstanding remuneration : Member States shall enact mechanisms to ensure that illegally employed third-country nationals:

may introduce a claim, subject to a limitation period defined in national law, against their employer and eventually enforce a judgment against the employer for any outstanding remuneration, including in cases in which they have, or have been, returned; or when provided for by national legislation, may call on the competent authority of the Member State to start procedures to recover outstanding remuneration without the need for them to introduce a claim in that case.

Right to be informed : illegally employed third-country nationals shall be systematically and objectively informed about their rights before the enforcement of any return decision.

Right to complain : Member States shall ensure that there are effective mechanisms through which third-country nationals in illegal employment may lodge complaints against their employers, directly or through third parties designated by Member States such as trade unions or other associations or a competent authority of the Member State when provided for by national legislation. Providing assistance to third-country nationals to lodge complaints shall not be considered as facilitation of unauthorised residence. Member States shall define in national law the conditions under which they may grant, on a case-by-case basis, permits of limited duration , linked to the length of the relevant national proceedings, to the third-country nationals involved, under arrangements comparable to those applicable to third-country nationals who fall within the scope of Directive 2004/81/EC .

Subcontracting : where the employer is a subcontractor, Member States shall ensure that the contractor of which the employer is a direct subcontractor may, in addition to or in place of the employer, be liable to pay: (i) any financial sanction imposed under this Directive; (ii) any back payments due. Member States may provide for more stringent liability rules under national law .

Legal persons : a legal person held responsible for a criminal offence shall also be held liable in every M

Liability of legal persons: Member States shall ensure that legal persons may be held liable for the offence referred to this Directive where such an offence has been committed for their benefit by any person

who has a leading position within the legal person, acting either individually or as part of an organ of the legal person, on the basis of: (a) a power of representation of the legal person; (b) an authority to take decisions on behalf of the legal person; or (c) an authority to exercise control within the legal person.

Member States shall also ensure that a legal person may be held liable where the lack of supervision or control has made possible the commission of the criminal offence for the benefit of that legal person by a person under its authority.

As regards the penalties for legal persons, the Directive provides that Member States may decide that a list of employers who are legal persons and who have been held liable for the criminal offence is made public.

Inspections : to ensure a satisfactory level of enforcement of this Directive and to reduce, as far as possible, differences in the level of enforcement in the Member States, Member States should ensure that effective and adequate inspections are carried out on their territory and should communicate data on the inspections they carry out to the Commission before 1 July of each year. Member States shall, on the basis of a risk assessment, regularly identify the sectors of activity in which the employment of illegally staying third-country nationals is concentrated on their territory.

More favourable provisions : Member States may adopt or maintain provisions that are more favourable to third-country nationals (in particular back payments to be made by employers and facilitation of complaints) or eventually, in certain cases, impose stricter obligations on employers.

to whom it applies in relation with Articles 6 and 13, provided that such provisions are compatible with this Directive.

Report : by 20 July 2014, and every three years thereafter, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and the Council including, where appropriate, proposals for amending pertinent provisions of the Directive.

Territorial provisions : Ireland, the United Kingdom and Denmark are not taking part in the adoption of this Directive and are therefore not bound by it or subject to its application.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 20.07.2009.

TRANSPOSITION: 20.07.2011.

2009/06/18
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2009/06/18
   CSL - Final act signed
2009/06/18
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2009/05/25
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2009/05/25
   CSL - Council Meeting
2009/03/18
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2009/02/19
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament finally adopted, by 522 to 105 with 34 abstentions, a legislative resolution amending the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council providing for sanctions against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals.

The vote for the amendments made by Parliament in its sitting of 4 February 2009 had been postponed to a later sitting.

Parliament approved the Commission proposal as amended on 4 February 2009 (please refer to the summary of the partial vote of that date.)

A Joint Statement by the European Parliament and the Council annexed to the resolution states that rules on subcontracting agreed upon in this Directive shall be without prejudice to other provisions on this issue to be adopted in future legislative instruments.

Documents
2009/02/04
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2009/02/04
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament amended, under the 1st reading of the codecision procedure, the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council providing for sanctions against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals.

The vote on the legislative resolution was postponed to a future plenary session in accordance with Article 51(2) of Parliament's Rules of Procedure. In the meantime, Members adopted the following main amendments to the directive, which were the result of a compromise negotiated with the Council:

Scope: Members clarified that the Directive prohibits the employment of illegally staying third-country nationals in order to fight illegal immigration. To this end, it lays down minimum common standards on sanctions and measures to be applied in the Member States against employers who infringe this prohibition. "Third-country national" means any person who is not a citizen of the Union within the meaning of Article 17(1) of the Treaty and who is not a person enjoying the Community right of free movement, as defined in Article 2(5) of the Schengen Borders Code.

Definitions: Parliament added definitions for "legal person"; "temporary-work agency"; "particularly exploitative working conditions" and "remuneration of illegally staying third country national".

Employers' obligations : Member States may provide for a simplified procedure for notification where the employer is a natural person and the employment is for his or her private purposes. They may also provide that notification is not required where the employee has been granted a long term residence status under Council Directive 2003/109/EC. Employers who have fulfilled their obligations shall not be held liable for infringing the prohibition unless they know that the document presented as a valid residence permit or another authorisation for stay is a forgery.

Financial sanctions : Member States may provide for reduced financial penalties in cases where the employer is a natural person who employs an illegally staying third country national for his or her private purposes and where no particularly exploitative working conditions are involved.

Back payments to be made by employers : Members' amendments to this clause clarified the nature of the payments that the employer is responsible for as well as the availability of effective procedures to claim the payment. Illegally employed third-country nationals shall be systematically and objectively informed about their rights under these provisions before the enforcement of any return decision.

Other measures : the provisions of this Article are extended to EU funding and to EU procurement.

Subcontracting: Members stated that a contractor that has undertaken due diligence obligations as defined by national law shall not be held liable under the terms of the legislation.

Criminal offence : it is added that contraventions may constitute a criminal offence, when the infringement relates to the illegal employment of a minor.

Facilitation of complaints : third parties which have, in accordance with the criteria laid down by their national law, a legitimate interest in ensuring that the provisions of the Directive are complied with, may engage either on behalf of or in support of an illegally employed third-country national, with his/her approval, in any administrative or civil proceedings provided for with the objective of implementing the Directive.

Inspections : Member States shall regularly identify the sectors of activity in which the employment of illegally staying third-country nationals are concentrated on their territory. In respect of each of those sectors, each year before 1 July they must communicate to the Commission the inspections, both in absolute numbers and as a percentage of the employers for each sector, carried out in the previous year as well as their results.

Penalties for legal persons : Member States may decide that a list of employers who are legal persons and who have been held liable for the criminal offence is rendered public.

Documents
2009/02/03
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2009/01/27
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2009/01/27
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Documents
2009/01/21
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted a report drafted by Claudio FAVA (PSE, IT) and amended the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council providing for sanctions against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals.

The main amendments – made in 1 st reading of codecision procedure – are as follows :

Scope: Members felt that the scope of the directive was too narrow. The legal base, Article 63(3)(b) of the EC Treaty, does not cover measures relating to nationals of those Member States who have joined the EU since 2004 and 2007 and who are still subject to transitional arrangements, thereby limiting their free access to the labour markets of a number of the EU-15 Member States. Members clarified that the Directive prohibits the employment of illegally staying third-country nationals in order to fight illegal immigration. To this end, it lays down minimum common standards on sanctions and measures to be applied in the Member States against employers who infringe this prohibition. "Third-country national" means any person who is not a citizen of the Union within the meaning of Article 17(1) of the Treaty and who is not a person enjoying the Community right of free movement, as defined in Article 2(5) of the Schengen Borders Code.

Employers' obligations : Member States may provide for a simplified procedure for notification where the employer is a natural person and the employment is for his or her private purposes.

Financial sanctions : Member States may provide for reduced financial penalties in cases where the employer is a natural person who employs an illegally staying third country national for his or her private purposes and where no particularly exploitative working conditions are involved.

Back payments to be made by employers : Members' amendments to this clause clarified the nature of the payments that the employer is responsible for as well as the availability of effective procedures to claim the payment.

Other measures : the provisions of this Article are extended to EU funding and to EU procurement.

Subcontracting : Members stated that a contractor that has undertaken due diligence obligations as defined by national law shall not be held liable under the terms of the legislation.

Criminal offence : it is added that contraventions may constitute a criminal offence, when the infringement relates to the illegal employment of a minor.

Inspections : Member States shall regularly identify the sectors of activity in which the employment of illegally staying third-country nationals are concentrated on their territory. In respect of each of those sectors, each year before 1 July they must communicate to the Commission the inspections, both in absolute numbers and as a percentage of the employers for each sector, carried out in the previous year as well as their results.

2008/11/06
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2008/10/02
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2008/10/02
   CSL - Council Meeting
2008/09/15
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2008/07/24
   CSL - Debate in Council
Details

The Council held a policy debate on two key issues in this proposal:

the inclusion of minimum rules for criminal sanctions against employers; inspections to be made in the sectors of activity most open to abuse.

In the public debate, most delegations considered that, in order to combat the employment of illegally resident third-country nationals effectively, the Directive had to provide for effective sanctions. Most delegations were in favour of carrying out targeted high-quality inspections in the sectors of activity identified by each Member State as most open to abuse.

Documents
2008/07/24
   CSL - Council Meeting
2008/07/04
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2008/06/25
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2007/12/06
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2007/12/06
   CSL - Council Meeting
2007/12/05
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2007/12/05
   CSL - Council Meeting
2007/11/12
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2007/10/08
   EP - CASTIGLIONE Giuseppe (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2007/07/12
   EP - Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
2007/07/03
   EP - DE LANGE Esther (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in FEMM
2007/06/19
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2007/06/12
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2007/06/12
   CSL - Council Meeting
2007/06/11
   EP - FAVA Claudio (PSE) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2007/06/05
   EP - BAUER Edit (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL
2007/05/16
   EC - Legislative proposal
Details

PURPOSE: to sanction employers who illegally employ third-country nationals.

PROPOSED ACT: Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council.

BACKGROUND: this proposal forms part of the EU’s overall policy to develop a comprehensive migration policy. In this instance the proposed Regulation specifically targets employers who employ third-country nationals who are working in the Community illegally.

One of Europe’s gre atest “pull” factors for illegal immigrants is the possibility of finding work and a better way of life in the European Union. Illegal immigrants help meet the needs of some employers who are willing to take advantage of workers prepared to undertake what are mostly low-skilled and low paid jobs. The scale of the phenomenon is hard to quantify and estimates vary from between 4.5 million to 8 million. Illegal employment is concentrated in certain sectors namely construction, agriculture, cleaning and hotel/catering.

CONTENT: the centrepiece of the proposed Regulation is a general prohibition on the employment of third-country nationals who do not have the right to be resident in the EU. The Regulation sets out common sanctions and measures to be applied to employers who infringe that prohibition. In other words it is the employer, and not the illegally employed third-country national, who will be punished .

Checks on workers before being recruited : to ensure the effectiveness of the prohibition, employers would be required to undertake certain checks before recruiting a third-country national, the procedure for making complaints would be facilitated and Member States would be required to undertake a certain number of inspections. Employers who do not comply with these obligations will be required to fines and other administrative measures.

Sanctions on employers : the proposal covers not only natural or legal persons employing others in the course of business activities, but also private individuals when they act as employers. Employers of illegally staying third country nations who have not carried out the pre-recruitment check would be liable to sanctions consisting of:

- fines : including the cost of returning illegally staying third country nationals;

- repayment of outstanding wages , taxes and social security contributions;

- if appropriate other administrative measures , including the loss of subsidies (including EU funding) for up to 5 years and disqualification for up to 5 years.

As regards administrative fines and other measures, these may not be enough to deter certain employers. Member States would therefore be required to provide for criminal penalties for four types of serious cases:

- repeated infringements;

- the employment of a significant number of third-country nationals;

- particularly exploitative working conditions;

- where the employer knows that the worker is a victim of human trafficking.

To ensure in particular that individual employers are liable to criminal sanctions only in serious cases, a repeated infringement is criminalised only where it is the third infringement within a two-year period.

Subcontractors : in view of the prevalence of subcontracting in certain affected sectors, it is necessary to ensure that all the undertakings in a chain of subcontracting are held jointly and severally liable to pay financial sanctions against an employer at the end of the chain who employs illegally staying third-country nationals.

Complaints mechanism : in a bid to make enforcement of the Directive more effective it is proposed that mechanisms should be put in place whereby third-country nationals can lodge complaints either directly, or through designated third parties. Further, illegal immigrants who cooperate in proceedings may be able to benefit from a temporary residence permit - as already exists elsewhere under EU law for victims of human trafficking.

Enforcement : On a final point the proposed Directive requires the Member States to inspect at least 10% of their companies every year.

2007/05/16
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2007/05/16
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2007/05/16
   EC - Document attached to the procedure

Documents

Activities

AmendmentsDossier
237 2007/0094(COD)
2008/05/23 EMPL 109 amendments...
source: PE-406.158
2008/06/02 AGRI 37 amendments...
source: PE-404.534
2008/10/01 LIBE 91 amendments...
source: PE-413.940

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) meeting_id: 2807 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2807*&MEET_DATE=12/06/2007 date: 2007-06-12T00:00:00
docs
  • date: 2007-05-16T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2007/0596/COM_SEC(2007)0596_EN.pdf title: SEC(2007)0596 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=SECfinal&an_doc=2007&nu_doc=596 title: EUR-Lex type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2007-05-16T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2007/0603/COM_SEC(2007)0603_EN.pdf title: SEC(2007)0603 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=SECfinal&an_doc=2007&nu_doc=603 title: EUR-Lex type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2007-05-16T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2007/0604/COM_SEC(2007)0604_EN.pdf title: SEC(2007)0604 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=SECfinal&an_doc=2007&nu_doc=604 title: EUR-Lex type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2007-11-12T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE392.187&secondRef=02 title: PE392.187 committee: FEMM type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2008-06-25T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE402.795&secondRef=02 title: PE402.795 committee: AGRI type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2008-07-04T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE409.510 title: PE409.510 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2008-09-15T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE404.765&secondRef=02 title: PE404.765 committee: EMPL type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2008-11-06T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE413.940 title: PE413.940 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2009-01-27T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2009-26&language=EN title: A6-0026/2009 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2009-03-18T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=16670&j=0&l=en title: SP(2009)1487/2 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
  • date: 2009-06-18T00:00:00 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=ADV&RESULTSET=1&DOC_ID=[%n4]%2F09&DOC_LANCD=EN&ROWSPP=25&NRROWS=500&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC title: 03612/2009/LEX type: Draft final act body: CSL
  • date: 2014-05-22T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2014&nu_doc=0286 title: EUR-Lex title: COM(2014)0286 summary: The Commission presents a report on the application of Directive 2009/52/EC providing for minimum standards on sanctions and measures against employers of illegally staying third‑country nationals. The report recalls the key objectives of the Directive seek to counter the pull factor of finding work . It toughens sanctions for illegal employment and improves detection mechanisms, while providing for protective measures designed to redress injustices suffered by irregular migrants. It forms part of a set of measures taken by the EU to effectively tackle irregular immigration; other measures include enhanced cooperation with third countries, integrated management of operational borders, an effective return policy and reinforced legislation to fight against human trafficking. Status of transposition : Member States were to transpose Directive 2009/52/EC into their national legislation by 20 July 2011. The Commission launched infringement proceedings against 20 Member States for not having done so in time. These have since all been closed. Before adopting transposing legislation, Italy and Luxembourg allowed for a period during which employers could declare illegally staying migrants working for them and, while requiring payment of a fine and fulfilment of certain conditions, enabled regularisation mechanisms. All Member States bound by the Directive now prohibit the employment of irregular migrants and only a few have allowed an exception for those whose removal has been postponed. Several Member States have decided to go beyond the scope of the Directive, applying it also to third-country nationals who are legally-staying but whose residence permit does not allow them to perform an economic activity. Principal conclusions : this Communication responds to the Commission’s obligation to report to the European Parliament and the Council on the application of the Employers’ Sanctions Directive. It provides an overview of the financial and criminal sanctions that the chain of employers may incur across the EU for illegal employment. It then sets out how protective measures for illegally employed migrants were enacted in the national legislations. It finally describes how Member States have transposed the mechanisms set out in the Directive to effectively detect and penalise illegal employment and provides an assessment of Member States’ inspection reports. Differences in the severity of the sanctions : the report notes that the severity of the sanctions as applied to employers varies considerably pursuant to the Directive. The Commission therefore raises concerns whether sanctions can always be effective, proportionate or dissuasive and will therefore have to be further assessed. Protection of migrants : some Member States have yet to implement the protective elements of the Directive in a satisfactory manner. There remains room for improvement in all areas offering protection to irregular migrants, be it the right to make a claim against an employer, effective mechanisms for doing so or something as basic as providing systematic and objective information on their rights. Inspections : some Member States are likely to need to make substantial efforts to improve not only their reporting on inspections, but also the inspections themselves and their prioritisation efforts through systematic identification of sectors at risk. On the basis of the data collected for 2012, it seems that much still needs to be done to ensure that an adequate and effective inspections system is in place. The lack of such a system calls into serious doubt the effective enforcement of the prohibition of illegal employment and the efforts of the Member States to reduce differences in enforcement of the Directive. As Member States are obliged to report on inspections each year before 1 July, the Commission will continue to monitor closely the measures taken by Member States in this area and take action if necessary. In order to raise Member States’ awareness of these and other potential problems identified in the transposition of the Directive, the Commission is engaged in bilateral exchanges with each Member State and will launch EU pilot procedures where necessary. Next steps : the Commission will provide support to Member States to ensure a satisfactory level of implementation of the Directive across the EU. As it has been doing on a continuous basis since the adoption of the Directive in 2009, the Commission will invite Member States to discuss the legal transposition and implementation of several key provisions of the Directive at upcoming meetings. If necessary, guidelines on the practical implementation of the Directive could also be drawn up including on the enforcement of the rights of migrants. type: Follow-up document body: EC
  • date: 2014-10-20T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2014)0286 title: COM(2014)0286 type: Contribution body: PT_PARLIAMENT
events
  • date: 2007-05-16T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0249/COM_COM(2007)0249_EN.pdf title: COM(2007)0249 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2007&nu_doc=249 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to sanction employers who illegally employ third-country nationals. PROPOSED ACT: Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council. BACKGROUND: this proposal forms part of the EU’s overall policy to develop a comprehensive migration policy. In this instance the proposed Regulation specifically targets employers who employ third-country nationals who are working in the Community illegally. One of Europe’s gre atest “pull” factors for illegal immigrants is the possibility of finding work and a better way of life in the European Union. Illegal immigrants help meet the needs of some employers who are willing to take advantage of workers prepared to undertake what are mostly low-skilled and low paid jobs. The scale of the phenomenon is hard to quantify and estimates vary from between 4.5 million to 8 million. Illegal employment is concentrated in certain sectors namely construction, agriculture, cleaning and hotel/catering. CONTENT: the centrepiece of the proposed Regulation is a general prohibition on the employment of third-country nationals who do not have the right to be resident in the EU. The Regulation sets out common sanctions and measures to be applied to employers who infringe that prohibition. In other words it is the employer, and not the illegally employed third-country national, who will be punished . Checks on workers before being recruited : to ensure the effectiveness of the prohibition, employers would be required to undertake certain checks before recruiting a third-country national, the procedure for making complaints would be facilitated and Member States would be required to undertake a certain number of inspections. Employers who do not comply with these obligations will be required to fines and other administrative measures. Sanctions on employers : the proposal covers not only natural or legal persons employing others in the course of business activities, but also private individuals when they act as employers. Employers of illegally staying third country nations who have not carried out the pre-recruitment check would be liable to sanctions consisting of: - fines : including the cost of returning illegally staying third country nationals; - repayment of outstanding wages , taxes and social security contributions; - if appropriate other administrative measures , including the loss of subsidies (including EU funding) for up to 5 years and disqualification for up to 5 years. As regards administrative fines and other measures, these may not be enough to deter certain employers. Member States would therefore be required to provide for criminal penalties for four types of serious cases: - repeated infringements; - the employment of a significant number of third-country nationals; - particularly exploitative working conditions; - where the employer knows that the worker is a victim of human trafficking. To ensure in particular that individual employers are liable to criminal sanctions only in serious cases, a repeated infringement is criminalised only where it is the third infringement within a two-year period. Subcontractors : in view of the prevalence of subcontracting in certain affected sectors, it is necessary to ensure that all the undertakings in a chain of subcontracting are held jointly and severally liable to pay financial sanctions against an employer at the end of the chain who employs illegally staying third-country nationals. Complaints mechanism : in a bid to make enforcement of the Directive more effective it is proposed that mechanisms should be put in place whereby third-country nationals can lodge complaints either directly, or through designated third parties. Further, illegal immigrants who cooperate in proceedings may be able to benefit from a temporary residence permit - as already exists elsewhere under EU law for victims of human trafficking. Enforcement : On a final point the proposed Directive requires the Member States to inspect at least 10% of their companies every year.
  • date: 2007-06-12T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2807*&MEET_DATE=12/06/2007 title: 2807
  • date: 2007-06-19T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2007-07-12T00:00:00 type: Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2007-12-05T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2837*&MEET_DATE=05/12/2007 title: 2837
  • date: 2007-12-06T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2838*&MEET_DATE=06/12/2007 title: 2838
  • date: 2008-07-24T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2887*&MEET_DATE=24/07/2008 title: 2887 summary: The Council held a policy debate on two key issues in this proposal: the inclusion of minimum rules for criminal sanctions against employers; inspections to be made in the sectors of activity most open to abuse. In the public debate, most delegations considered that, in order to combat the employment of illegally resident third-country nationals effectively, the Directive had to provide for effective sanctions. Most delegations were in favour of carrying out targeted high-quality inspections in the sectors of activity identified by each Member State as most open to abuse.
  • date: 2008-10-02T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2893*&MEET_DATE=02/10/2008 title: 2893
  • date: 2009-01-21T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP summary: The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted a report drafted by Claudio FAVA (PSE, IT) and amended the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council providing for sanctions against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals. The main amendments – made in 1 st reading of codecision procedure – are as follows : Scope: Members felt that the scope of the directive was too narrow. The legal base, Article 63(3)(b) of the EC Treaty, does not cover measures relating to nationals of those Member States who have joined the EU since 2004 and 2007 and who are still subject to transitional arrangements, thereby limiting their free access to the labour markets of a number of the EU-15 Member States. Members clarified that the Directive prohibits the employment of illegally staying third-country nationals in order to fight illegal immigration. To this end, it lays down minimum common standards on sanctions and measures to be applied in the Member States against employers who infringe this prohibition. "Third-country national" means any person who is not a citizen of the Union within the meaning of Article 17(1) of the Treaty and who is not a person enjoying the Community right of free movement, as defined in Article 2(5) of the Schengen Borders Code. Employers' obligations : Member States may provide for a simplified procedure for notification where the employer is a natural person and the employment is for his or her private purposes. Financial sanctions : Member States may provide for reduced financial penalties in cases where the employer is a natural person who employs an illegally staying third country national for his or her private purposes and where no particularly exploitative working conditions are involved. Back payments to be made by employers : Members' amendments to this clause clarified the nature of the payments that the employer is responsible for as well as the availability of effective procedures to claim the payment. Other measures : the provisions of this Article are extended to EU funding and to EU procurement. Subcontracting : Members stated that a contractor that has undertaken due diligence obligations as defined by national law shall not be held liable under the terms of the legislation. Criminal offence : it is added that contraventions may constitute a criminal offence, when the infringement relates to the illegal employment of a minor. Inspections : Member States shall regularly identify the sectors of activity in which the employment of illegally staying third-country nationals are concentrated on their territory. In respect of each of those sectors, each year before 1 July they must communicate to the Commission the inspections, both in absolute numbers and as a percentage of the employers for each sector, carried out in the previous year as well as their results.
  • date: 2009-01-27T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2009-26&language=EN title: A6-0026/2009
  • date: 2009-02-03T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20090203&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2009-02-04T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2009-43 title: T6-0043/2009 summary: The European Parliament amended, under the 1st reading of the codecision procedure, the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council providing for sanctions against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals. The vote on the legislative resolution was postponed to a future plenary session in accordance with Article 51(2) of Parliament's Rules of Procedure. In the meantime, Members adopted the following main amendments to the directive, which were the result of a compromise negotiated with the Council: Scope: Members clarified that the Directive prohibits the employment of illegally staying third-country nationals in order to fight illegal immigration. To this end, it lays down minimum common standards on sanctions and measures to be applied in the Member States against employers who infringe this prohibition. "Third-country national" means any person who is not a citizen of the Union within the meaning of Article 17(1) of the Treaty and who is not a person enjoying the Community right of free movement, as defined in Article 2(5) of the Schengen Borders Code. Definitions: Parliament added definitions for "legal person"; "temporary-work agency"; "particularly exploitative working conditions" and "remuneration of illegally staying third country national". Employers' obligations : Member States may provide for a simplified procedure for notification where the employer is a natural person and the employment is for his or her private purposes. They may also provide that notification is not required where the employee has been granted a long term residence status under Council Directive 2003/109/EC. Employers who have fulfilled their obligations shall not be held liable for infringing the prohibition unless they know that the document presented as a valid residence permit or another authorisation for stay is a forgery. Financial sanctions : Member States may provide for reduced financial penalties in cases where the employer is a natural person who employs an illegally staying third country national for his or her private purposes and where no particularly exploitative working conditions are involved. Back payments to be made by employers : Members' amendments to this clause clarified the nature of the payments that the employer is responsible for as well as the availability of effective procedures to claim the payment. Illegally employed third-country nationals shall be systematically and objectively informed about their rights under these provisions before the enforcement of any return decision. Other measures : the provisions of this Article are extended to EU funding and to EU procurement. Subcontracting: Members stated that a contractor that has undertaken due diligence obligations as defined by national law shall not be held liable under the terms of the legislation. Criminal offence : it is added that contraventions may constitute a criminal offence, when the infringement relates to the illegal employment of a minor. Facilitation of complaints : third parties which have, in accordance with the criteria laid down by their national law, a legitimate interest in ensuring that the provisions of the Directive are complied with, may engage either on behalf of or in support of an illegally employed third-country national, with his/her approval, in any administrative or civil proceedings provided for with the objective of implementing the Directive. Inspections : Member States shall regularly identify the sectors of activity in which the employment of illegally staying third-country nationals are concentrated on their territory. In respect of each of those sectors, each year before 1 July they must communicate to the Commission the inspections, both in absolute numbers and as a percentage of the employers for each sector, carried out in the previous year as well as their results. Penalties for legal persons : Member States may decide that a list of employers who are legal persons and who have been held liable for the criminal offence is rendered public.
  • date: 2009-02-19T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=16670&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2009-02-19T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2009-69 title: T6-0069/2009 summary: The European Parliament finally adopted, by 522 to 105 with 34 abstentions, a legislative resolution amending the proposal for a directive of the European Parliament and of the Council providing for sanctions against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals. The vote for the amendments made by Parliament in its sitting of 4 February 2009 had been postponed to a later sitting. Parliament approved the Commission proposal as amended on 4 February 2009 (please refer to the summary of the partial vote of that date.) A Joint Statement by the European Parliament and the Council annexed to the resolution states that rules on subcontracting agreed upon in this Directive shall be without prejudice to other provisions on this issue to be adopted in future legislative instruments.
  • date: 2009-05-25T00:00:00 type: Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading body: EP/CSL
  • date: 2009-06-18T00:00:00 type: Final act signed body: CSL
  • date: 2009-06-18T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2009-06-30T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: to prohibit the employment of illegally staying third-country nationals in order to fight illegal immigration in the EU and to provide minimum common standards on sanctions and measures to be applied in the Member States against employers who infringe that prohibition. LEGISLATIVE ACT: Directive 2009/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council providing for minimum standards on sanctions and measures against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals. BACKGROUND: one of Europe’s greatest “pull” factors for illegal immigrants is the possibility of finding work and a better way of life in the European Union. Illegal immigrants help meet the needs of some employers who are willing to take advantage of workers prepared to undertake what are mostly low-skilled and low paid jobs. The scale of the phenomenon is hard to quantify and estimates vary from between 4.5 million to 8 million. Illegal employment is concentrated in certain sectors namely construction, agriculture, cleaning and hotel/catering. New rules are needed to put an end to abuses by unscrupulous employers who make contracts with illegally-staying providing them in the labour market with low salaries and poor labour conditions. To fight against illegal immigration, it is necessary to lay down a framework containing common sanctions and measures to be applied to employers who infringe that prohibition. CONTENT: following a first reading agreement with the European Parliament, the European Parliament and the Council adopted a Directive aimed at fighting illegal immigration by prohibiting the employment of illegally staying third-country nationals . The Directive lays down minimum common standards on sanctions and measures to be applied in the EU Member States against employers who infringe that prohibition. Obligations on employers : before employing a third-country national, Member States shall oblige employers to: require that a third-country national before taking up the employment holds and presents to the employer a valid residence permit or other authorisation for his or her stay; keep for at least the duration of the employment a copy or record of the residence permit or other authorisation for stay available for possible inspection by the competent authorities of the Member States; notify the competent authorities designated by Member States of the start of employment of third-country nationals within a period laid down by each Member State . Member States may provide for a simplified procedure for notification where the employers are natural persons and the employment is for their private purposes. Member States may provide that notification is not required where the employee has been granted long-term residence status under Council Directive 2003/109/EC concerning the status of third-country nationals who are long-term residents. Member States shall ensure that employers who have fulfilled their obligations shall not be held liable for an infringement of the prohibition unless the employers knew that the document presented as a valid residence permit or another authorisation for stay was a forgery. Sanctions : to enforce the general prohibition and to deter infringements, Member States should provide for appropriate sanctions. 1) financial sanctions : these shall include: financial sanctions which shall increase in amount according to the number of illegally employed third-country nationals; payments of the costs of return of illegally employed third-country nationals in those cases where return procedures are carried out. Member States may provide for reduced financial sanctions where the employer is a natural person who employs an illegally staying third-country national for his or her private purposes and where no particularly exploitative working conditions are involved. 2) Back payments to be made by employers : in respect of each infringement of the prohibition, Member States shall ensure that the employer shall be liable to pay: any outstanding remuneration to the illegally employed third-country national. The agreed level of remuneration shall be presumed to have been at least as high as the wage provided for by the applicable laws on minimum wages, by collective agreements or in accordance with established practice in the relevant occupational branches, unless either the employer or the employee can prove otherwise, while respecting, where appropriate, the mandatory national provisions on wages; an amount equal to any taxes and social security contributions that the employer would have paid had the third-country national been legally employed, including penalty payments for delays and relevant administrative fines; where appropriate, any cost arising from sending back payments to the country to which the third-country national has returned or has been returned. 3) Other measures : Member States shall take the necessary measures to ensure that employers shall also, if appropriate, be subject to the following measures: exclusion from entitlement to some or all public benefits, aid or subsidies, including EU funding managed by Member States, for up to five years; exclusion from participation in a public contract for up to five years; recovery of some or all public benefits, aid, or subsidies, including EU funding managed by Member States, granted to the employer for up to 12 months preceding the detection of illegal employment; temporary or permanent closure of the establishments that have been used to commit the infringement, or temporary or permanent withdrawal of a licence to conduct the business activity in question, if justified by the gravity of the infringement. 4) Criminal offence : Member States shall ensure that the infringement of the prohibition constitutes a criminal offence when committed intentionally , in each of the following circumstances as defined by national law: (i) the infringement continues or is persistently repeated; (ii) the infringement is in respect of the simultaneous employment of a significant number of illegally staying third-country nationals; (iii) the infringement is accompanied by particularly exploitative working conditions; (iv) the infringement is committed by an employer who, while not having been charged with or convicted of an offence established pursuant to Framework Decision 2002/629/JHA, uses work or services exacted from an illegally staying third-country national with the knowledge that he or she is a victim of trafficking in human beings; (v) the infringement relates to the illegal employment of a minor. Member States shall ensure that inciting, aiding and abetting the intentional conduct is punishable as a criminal offence. Rights to third-country nationals employed illegally : it is also provides that third-country nationals employed illegally may also benefit from the following rights: Right to claim for outstanding remuneration : Member States shall enact mechanisms to ensure that illegally employed third-country nationals: may introduce a claim, subject to a limitation period defined in national law, against their employer and eventually enforce a judgment against the employer for any outstanding remuneration, including in cases in which they have, or have been, returned; or when provided for by national legislation, may call on the competent authority of the Member State to start procedures to recover outstanding remuneration without the need for them to introduce a claim in that case. Right to be informed : illegally employed third-country nationals shall be systematically and objectively informed about their rights before the enforcement of any return decision. Right to complain : Member States shall ensure that there are effective mechanisms through which third-country nationals in illegal employment may lodge complaints against their employers, directly or through third parties designated by Member States such as trade unions or other associations or a competent authority of the Member State when provided for by national legislation. Providing assistance to third-country nationals to lodge complaints shall not be considered as facilitation of unauthorised residence. Member States shall define in national law the conditions under which they may grant, on a case-by-case basis, permits of limited duration , linked to the length of the relevant national proceedings, to the third-country nationals involved, under arrangements comparable to those applicable to third-country nationals who fall within the scope of Directive 2004/81/EC . Subcontracting : where the employer is a subcontractor, Member States shall ensure that the contractor of which the employer is a direct subcontractor may, in addition to or in place of the employer, be liable to pay: (i) any financial sanction imposed under this Directive; (ii) any back payments due. Member States may provide for more stringent liability rules under national law . Legal persons : a legal person held responsible for a criminal offence shall also be held liable in every M Liability of legal persons: Member States shall ensure that legal persons may be held liable for the offence referred to this Directive where such an offence has been committed for their benefit by any person who has a leading position within the legal person, acting either individually or as part of an organ of the legal person, on the basis of: (a) a power of representation of the legal person; (b) an authority to take decisions on behalf of the legal person; or (c) an authority to exercise control within the legal person. Member States shall also ensure that a legal person may be held liable where the lack of supervision or control has made possible the commission of the criminal offence for the benefit of that legal person by a person under its authority. As regards the penalties for legal persons, the Directive provides that Member States may decide that a list of employers who are legal persons and who have been held liable for the criminal offence is made public. Inspections : to ensure a satisfactory level of enforcement of this Directive and to reduce, as far as possible, differences in the level of enforcement in the Member States, Member States should ensure that effective and adequate inspections are carried out on their territory and should communicate data on the inspections they carry out to the Commission before 1 July of each year. Member States shall, on the basis of a risk assessment, regularly identify the sectors of activity in which the employment of illegally staying third-country nationals is concentrated on their territory. More favourable provisions : Member States may adopt or maintain provisions that are more favourable to third-country nationals (in particular back payments to be made by employers and facilitation of complaints) or eventually, in certain cases, impose stricter obligations on employers. to whom it applies in relation with Articles 6 and 13, provided that such provisions are compatible with this Directive. Report : by 20 July 2014, and every three years thereafter, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and the Council including, where appropriate, proposals for amending pertinent provisions of the Directive. Territorial provisions : Ireland, the United Kingdom and Denmark are not taking part in the adoption of this Directive and are therefore not bound by it or subject to its application. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 20.07.2009. TRANSPOSITION: 20.07.2011. docs: title: Directive 2009/52 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32009L0052 title: OJ L 168 30.06.2009, p. 0024 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:168:SOM:EN:HTML title: Corrigendum to final act 32009L0052R(01) url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&model=guicheti&numdoc=32009L0052R(01) title: OJ L 208 03.08.2012, p. 0022 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2012:208:TOC
other
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/ title: Justice commissioner: BARROT Jacques
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
LIBE/6/49835
New
  • LIBE/6/49835
procedure/final/url
Old
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32009L0052
New
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32009L0052
procedure/subject
Old
  • 7.10.08 Migration policy
New
7.10.08
Migration policy
activities/17/docs/1/url
Old
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:168:SOM:EN:HTML
New
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2009:168:TOC
links/European Commission/title
Old
PreLex
New
EUR-Lex
activities/2/committees/2/rapporteur/0/mepref
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545fcd88d1d1c52175000000
New
4f1ad236b819f27595000010
activities/8/committees/2/rapporteur/0/mepref
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545fcd88d1d1c52175000000
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545fcd88d1d1c52175000000
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4f1ad236b819f27595000010
committees/2/rapporteur/0/mepref
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545fcd88d1d1c52175000000
New
4f1ad236b819f27595000010
activities
  • date: 2007-05-16T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0249/COM_COM(2007)0249_EN.pdf title: COM(2007)0249 type: Legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52007PC0249:EN body: EC type: Legislative proposal published commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/ title: Justice Commissioner: BARROT Jacques
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2807 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2807*&MEET_DATE=12/06/2007 type: Debate in Council title: 2807 council: Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) date: 2007-06-12T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2007-06-19T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2007-10-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: CASTIGLIONE Giuseppe body: EP responsible: False committee: EMPL date: 2007-06-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: BAUER Edit body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2007-07-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DE LANGE Esther body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE body: EP responsible: True committee: LIBE date: 2007-06-11T00:00:00 committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: PSE name: FAVA Claudio
  • date: 2007-07-12T00:00:00 body: EP type: Referral to associated committees announced in Parliament
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2837 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2837*&MEET_DATE=05/12/2007 type: Debate in Council title: 2837 council: Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs date: 2007-12-05T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2838 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2838*&MEET_DATE=06/12/2007 type: Debate in Council title: 2838 council: Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) date: 2007-12-06T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2887 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2887*&MEET_DATE=24/07/2008 type: Debate in Council title: 2887 council: Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) date: 2008-07-24T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2893 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2893*&MEET_DATE=02/10/2008 type: Debate in Council title: 2893 council: Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs date: 2008-10-02T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2009-01-21T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2007-10-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: CASTIGLIONE Giuseppe body: EP responsible: False committee: EMPL date: 2007-06-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: BAUER Edit body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2007-07-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DE LANGE Esther body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE body: EP responsible: True committee: LIBE date: 2007-06-11T00:00:00 committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: PSE name: FAVA Claudio type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2009-01-27T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2009-26&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A6-0026/2009 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2007-10-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: CASTIGLIONE Giuseppe body: EP responsible: False committee: EMPL date: 2007-06-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: BAUER Edit body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2007-07-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DE LANGE Esther body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE body: EP responsible: True committee: LIBE date: 2007-06-11T00:00:00 committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: PSE name: FAVA Claudio type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2009-02-03T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20090203&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2009-02-04T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2009-43 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0043/2009 body: EP type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2009-02-19T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=16670&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2009-69 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0069/2009 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2009-05-25T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Agriculture and Fisheries meeting_id: 2944
  • date: 2009-05-25T00:00:00 body: EP/CSL type: Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
  • date: 2009-06-18T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Final act signed
  • date: 2009-06-18T00:00:00 body: EP type: End of procedure in Parliament
  • date: 2009-06-30T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32009L0052 title: Directive 2009/52 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:168:SOM:EN:HTML title: OJ L 168 30.06.2009, p. 0024 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&model=guicheti&numdoc=32009L0052R(01) title: Corrigendum to final act 32009L0052R(01) url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2012:208:SOM:EN:HTML title: OJ L 208 03.08.2012, p. 0022
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2007-10-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: CASTIGLIONE Giuseppe
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: EMPL date: 2007-06-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: BAUER Edit
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2007-07-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DE LANGE Esther
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
  • body: EP responsible: True committee: LIBE date: 2007-06-11T00:00:00 committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (Associated committee) rapporteur: group: PSE name: FAVA Claudio
links
National parliaments
European Commission
other
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/justice/ title: Justice commissioner: BARROT Jacques
procedure
dossier_of_the_committee
LIBE/6/49835
reference
2007/0094(COD)
subtype
Legislation
legal_basis
EC Treaty (after Amsterdam) EC 063-p3b
stage_reached
Procedure completed
instrument
Directive
title
Immigration policy: sanctions against employers of illegally staying third-country nationals
type
COD - Ordinary legislative procedure (ex-codecision procedure)
final
subject
7.10.08 Migration policy