BETA


2007/0300(CNS) Guidelines for the employment policies 2008-2010

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead EMPL VAN LANCKER Anne (icon: PSE PSE)
Committee Opinion ECON
Committee Opinion ITRE
Committee Opinion FEMM GIBAULT Claire (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
EC Treaty (after Amsterdam) EC 128-p2

Events

2008/07/26
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to present Member States’ employment policy guidelines, 2008-2010.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Decision 2008/618/EC on guidelines for the employment policies of the Member States

CONTENT: the reform of the Lisbon Strategy in 2005 has placed the emphasis on growth and jobs. The Employment Guidelines of the European Employment Strategy and the Broad Economic Policy Guidelines have been adopted as an integrated package, whereby the European Employment Strategy has the leading role in the implementation of the employment and labour market objectives of the Lisbon Strategy.

The examination of the Member States’ National Reform Programmes contained in the Commission’s Annual Progress Report and in the draft Joint Employment Report shows that Member States should continue to make every effort to address the priority areas of:

attracting and retaining more people in employment, increasing labour supply and modernising social protection systems; improving adaptability of workers and enterprises; increasing investment in human capital through better education and skills.

This is reflected in Integrated Guidelines Nos 17 to 24.

In the light of both the Commission’s examination of the National Reform Programmes and the European Council’s conclusions, the focus should be on effective and timely implementation in line with the conclusions of the European Council, thereby also strengthening the social dimension of the Lisbon Strategy. Special attention should be paid to the agreed targets and benchmarks. The following targets and benchmarks have been agreed in the context of the European Employment Strategy. These are set out in a new Annex:

that every unemployed person is offered a job, apprenticeship, additional training or other employability measure; in the case of young persons who have left school within no more than 4 months by 2010 and in the case of adults within no more than 12 months; that 25 % of long-term unemployment should participate by 2010 in an active measure in the form of training, retraining, work practice, or other employability measure, with the aim of achieving the average of the three most advanced Member States; that jobseekers throughout the EU are able to consult all job vacancies advertised through Member States’ employment services; an increase by five years, at EU level, of the effective average exit age from the labour market by 2010 compared to 2001; the provision of childcare by 2010 to at least 90 % of children between 3 years old and the mandatory school age and at least 33 % of children under 3 years of age; an EU average rate of no more than 10 % early school leavers; at least 85 % of 22-year olds in the EU should have completed upper secondary education by 2010; that the EU average level of participation in lifelong learning should be at least 12,5 % of the adult working-age population (25 to 64 age group).

The Employment Guidelines are valid for three years, while in the intermediate years until the end of 2010 their updating should remain strictly limited.

Member States should take the Employment Guidelines into account when implementing programmed Community funding, in particular of the European Social Fund.

The following technical amendments have been made to the Employment Guidelines:

In this context, the Commission proposes establishing employment guidelines along the following lines:

Guideline 17 : Implement employment policies aiming at achieving full employment, improving quality and productivity at work, and strengthening social and territorial cohesion. These policies should contribute to achieving an average employment rate for the European Union (EU) of 70% overall, of at least 60% for women and of 50% for older workers (55 to 64) by 2010, and to reduce unemployment and inactivity. Member States should consider setting national employment rate targets. Guideline 18 : Promote a lifecycle approach to work. This guideline consists of: (i) a renewed endeavour to build employment pathways for young people and reduce youth unemployment; (ii) resolute action to increase female participation and reduce gender gaps in employment, unemployment and pay; (iii) better reconciliation of work and private life and the provision of accessible and affordable childcare facilities and care for other dependants; (iv) support for active ageing, including appropriate working conditions, improved (occupational) health status and adequate incentives to work and discouragement of early retirement; (v) modern social protection systems, including pensions and healthcare, ensuring their social adequacy, financial sustainability and responsiveness to changing needs. Guideline 19 : Ensure inclusive labour markets, enhance work attractiveness, and make work pay for job-seekers, including disadvantaged people, and the inactive. The following measures are expected to be implemented: (i) active and preventive labour market measures including early identification of needs, job search assistance, guidance and training as part of personalised action plans, provision of necessary social services and measures aimed at eradicating poverty; (ii) continual review of the incentives and disincentives resulting from the tax and benefit systems, including the management and conditionality of benefits and a significant reduction of high marginal effective tax rates, notably for those with low incomes; (iii) development of new sources of jobs in services for individuals and businesses, notably at local level. Guideline 20 : Improve matching of labour market needs. This shall involve: (i) the modernisation and strengthening of labour market institutions, notably employment services, also with a view to ensuring greater transparency of employment and training opportunities at national and European level; (ii) removing obstacles to mobility for workers across Europe; (iii) better anticipation of skill needs, labour market shortages and bottlenecks; (iv) appropriate management of economic migration. Guideline 21 : To promote flexibility combined with employment security and to reduce labour market segmentation. It concerns: (i) adapting employment legislation, reviewing where necessary the different contractual and working time arrangements; (ii) addressing the issue of undeclared work; (iii) the better anticipation and positive management of change, including economic restructuring, so as to minimise their social costs and facilitate adaptation; (iv) the promotion and dissemination of innovative forms of work organisation, with a view to improving quality and productivity at work; (v) support for transitions in occupational status, including training, self-employment, business creation and geographic mobility. Guideline 22 : Ensure employment-friendly labour cost developments and wage-setting mechanisms by: (i) encouraging social partners to set the right framework for wage bargaining in order to avoid gender pay gaps; (ii) reviewing the impact on employment of non-wage labour costs and reducing, where appropriate, the tax burden on the low-paid. Guideline 23 : Expand and improve investment in human capital. It is planned to implement policies promoting inclusive education and training policies, with a view to: (i) facilitating access to initial vocational, secondary and higher education, including apprenticeships and entrepreneurship training; (ii) significantly reducing the number of early school leavers; (iii) developing efficient lifelong learning strategies open to all (schools, businesses, public authorities and households), through appropriate incentives and cost sharing. Guideline 24 : Adapt education and training systems in response to new competence requirements. In this area, it is planned to: (i) raise and ensure the attractiveness, openness and quality standards of education and training, ensuring flexible learning pathways and enlarging possibilities for mobility for students and trainees; (ii) diversify access for all to education and training, and to knowledge, by means of working time organisation; (iii) respond to new occupational needs, key competences and future skill requirements.

It should be noted that the Parliament proposed to insert a new Guideline 19a which aimed to ensure the social integration of all workers and tackle poverty and social exclusion by guaranteeing a decent income and better access to quality social services together with better access to the labour market through the expansion of job opportunities and vocational training. However, the Council rejected this proposal.

2008/07/15
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
2008/07/15
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2008/07/15
   CSL - Council Meeting
2008/06/12
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2008/06/09
   CSL - Council Meeting
2008/05/20
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2008/05/20
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2008/05/20
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 584 votes to 72, with 11 abstentions, a legislative resolution approving, with amendments, the proposal for a Council decision on guidelines for the employment policies of the Member States (part V of the package proposed by the Commission).

The report had been tabled for consideration in plenary by Anne VAN LANCKER (PES, BE) on behalf of the Committee on Social Affairs.

The main amendments, adopted in accordance with the consultation procedure, aimed at:

1. taking greater account of the requirements linked to the promotion of a high level of employment, guaranteeing adequate social protection, fighting against social exclusion, promoting a high level of education, training and protection of human health, and combating all forms of discrimination;

2. strengthening interaction between the guidelines and the open method of coordination on the Social Protection and Social Inclusion Process.

In particular, the Parliament calls for better cooperation between Member States and social partners in order to improve the compliance of national legislation with the application of European social legislation and the principles of equal treatment and non-discrimination. Member States are also called upon to implement their own pathways based on the common principles of flexicurity , within the framework of effective social dialogue.

The Parliament introduces, in particular, an additional annex setting new benchmarks for the European Employment Strategy. According to the Parliament, this strategy shall aim to:

offer a new start before reaching 4 months of unemployment in the case of young people and 12 months in the case of adults (in the form of training, retraining, work practice, a job or other employability measure); ensure, by 2010, the participation of 25% of the long-term unemployed in a programme of active measures, with the aim of achieving the average of the three most advanced Member States; ensure that jobseekers throughout the EU are able to consult all job vacancies advertised through Member States' employment services; increase by five years, at EU level, the effective average exit age from the labour market by 2010 (compared to 59.9 in 2001); ensure the provision of childcare, by 2010, for at least 90% of children between 3 years old and the mandatory school age and at least 33% of children under 3 years of age; reduce the average rate of early school leavers to 10%; ensure that, by 2010, at least 85% of 22-year olds have completed upper secondary education and that at least 12.5% of the adult working-age population (between the age of 25 and 64) actively participate in lifelong learning.

At the same time, the Parliament makes a series of technical amendments to the guidelines themselves, which can be summarised as follows:

Guideline 17 : the Parliament calls for the promotion of labour markets that encourage integration and advocate support for businesses through financial assistance so that they can compete in the market. It also calls for increased investment in human capital. Furthermore, it reinserts the provision in the approach advocated by the European Pact for Gender Equality and by the European Alliance for Families; Guideline 18 : the Parliament considers that that this guideline should aim to “enhance a life cycle approach to work” through a series of measures aimed at, among other things, combining work with caring for a close relative, enabling persons who lose their job later in life to get back to work (particularly people over the age of 40), focusing on the different impact of benefits systems on men and women, adapting parental leave schemes and establishing more flexible terms for temporary leave; Guideline 19a : the Parliament inserts a new guideline that aims to ensure the social integration of all workers and tackle poverty and social exclusion by guaranteeing a decent income and better access to quality social services together with better access to the labour market through the expansion of job opportunities and vocational training; Guideline 20 : the Parliament asks that this guideline encourage better access to the labour market, preventing the brain drain of the EU through sufficient investment in training; Guideline 21 : the Parliament asks that this guideline (which aims to promote flexibility of the labour market) include the following components: (i) flexible and reliable arrangements through modern labour laws, collective agreements and work organisation (the plenary deleted the part of the paragraph that stated that indefinite-term contracts should remain the norm) ; (ii) comprehensive lifelong learning strategies to ensure the continual adaptability and employability of workers; (iii) effective active labour market policies which do not involve an active early retirement policy and which better integrate older workers; (iv) modern social security systems that provide adequate income support, encourage employment and facilitate labour market mobility. In particular, the Parliament calls for control measures for workers, in order to combat the problem of undeclared work by means of appropriate sanctions; Guideline 22 : the Parliament requests that, within this guideline, workers be guaranteed sufficient purchasing power and that gender pay gaps be avoided; Guideline 23 : as part of lifelong learning, the Parliament calls for the number of early school leavers to be significantly reduced, and for access by women to education, continuous training and lifelong learning to be facilitated; Guideline 24 : lastly, the Parliament calls for foreign language learning to be promoted as part of both initial and lifelong training.

Documents
2008/05/08
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2008/05/08
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Documents
2008/05/06
   EP - Vote in committee
Details

The Committee on Employment and Social Affairs adopted the report by Anne VAN LANCKER (PES, BE), adopting, under the consultation procedure, and amending the proposal for a Council decision on guidelines for the employment policies of the Member States (part V of the package proposed by the Commission).

Overall, the approach advocated by MEPs is two-tiered. They ask that:

requirements linked to the promotion of a high level of employment , the guarantee of adequate social protection, the fight against social exclusion, and a high level of education, training and protection of human health be better taken into account and that the fight against discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age, or sexual orientation be stepped up; interaction between the guidelines and the open method of coordination on the Social Protection and Social Inclusion Process be strengthened.

In particular, MEPs call for better cooperation between Member States and social partners in order to improve the compliance of national legislation with the application of European social legislation and the principles of equal treatment and non-discrimination. Member States are also called upon to implement their own pathways based on the common principles of flexicurity , within the framework of effective social dialogue.

MEPs introduce, in particular, an additional annex setting new benchmarks for the European Employment Strategy. According to MEPs, this strategy shall aim to:

offer a new start before reaching 4 months of unemployment in the case of young people and 12 months in the case of adults (in the form of training, retraining, work practice, a job or other employability measure); ensure, by 2010, the participation of 25% of the long-term unemployed in a programme of active measures, with the aim of achieving the average of the three most advanced Member States; ensure that jobseekers throughout the EU are able to consult all job vacancies advertised through Member States' employment services; increase by five years, at EU level, the effective average exit age from the labour market by 2010 (compared to 59.9 in 2001); ensure the provision of childcare, by 2010, for at least 90% of children between 3 years old and the mandatory school age and at least 33% of children under 3 years of age; reduce the average rate of early school leavers to 10%; ensure that, by 2010, at least 85% of 22-year olds have completed upper secondary education and that at least 12.5% of the adult working-age population (between the age of 25 and 64) actively participate in lifelong learning.

In this context, the main amendments to the introductory part of the annex and the guidelines can be summarised as follows:

reintegrating employment guidelines for 2008-2010 in the three main pillars, namely macroeconomic policies, microeconomic reforms and employment policies, which , together, contribute to achieving the objectives of sustainable expansion and employment and to strengthening social cohesion; promoting job flexibility while also bearing in mind family constraints and the work-life balance; taking into consideration the gender dimension and the need to bear in mind gender inequality in the workplace (by reducing, in particular, the pay gap between men and women); taking the situation of older workers and disabled persons better into account; highlighting the need for better quality jobs, by facilitating a work-life balance, and the need to increase labour supply; promoting active social integration and the fight against poverty and social exclusion by ensuring a decent income and quality social services together with opportunities for recruitment and ongoing vocational training for everyone; improving the security of workers; increasing investment in human capital by adapting education and training systems to new competence requirements; increasing investment in research, science and innovation.

In direct relation to these amendments, MEPs make amendments to the guidelines:

Guideline 17 : MEPs call for the promotion of labour markets that encourage integration and advocate support for businesses through financial assistance so that they can compete in the market. They also call for increased investment in human capital. Furthermore, they also reinsert the provision in the approach advocated by the European Pact for Gender Equality and by the European Alliance for Families; Guideline 18 : MEPs consider that that this guideline should aim to “enhance a life cycle approach to work” through a series of measures aimed at, among other things, combining work with caring for a close relative, enabling persons who lose their job later in life to get back to work (particularly people over the age of 40), focusing on the different impact of benefits systems on men and women, adapting parental leave schemes and establishing terms for temporary leave without obstacles…; Guideline 19a : MEPs insert a new specific guideline that aims to ensure the active social integration of all workers and tackle poverty and social exclusion by guaranteeing a decent income and better access to quality social services together with better access to the labour market through the expansion of job opportunities and vocational training; Guideline 20 : MEPs ask that this guideline encourage better access to the labour market, preventing the brain drain of the EU through sufficient investment in training; Guideline 21 : MEPs ask that this guideline (which aims to promote flexibility of the labour market) include the following components: (i) flexible and reliable contractual arrangements through modern labour laws, collective agreements and work organisation; (ii) comprehensive lifelong learning strategies to ensure the continual adaptability and employability of workers; (iii) effective active labour market policies which do not involve an active early retirement policy and better integrate older workers; (iv) modern social security systems that provide adequate income support, encourage employment and facilitate labour market mobility. In particular, MEPs call for control measures for workers, in order to combat the problem of undeclared work by means of appropriate sanctions; Guideline 22 : MEPs request that, within this guideline, workers be guaranteed sufficient purchasing power and that gender pay gaps be avoided; Guideline 23 : as part of lifelong learning, MEPs call for the number of early school leavers to be significantly reduced, and for access by women to education, continuous training and lifelong learning to be facilitated; Guideline 24 : lastly, MEPs call for foreign language learning to be promoted as part of both initial and lifelong training.

2008/04/07
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2008/03/17
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2008/02/29
   CSL - Debate in Council
Details

The Council reached a general approach on a decision on Guidelines for the Employment Policies of the Member States, in the framework of Integrated Guidelines for Growth and Jobs.

The Council notes that it will return to the Employment Guidelines after the Parliament's opinion has been received (due in May).

The previous Integrated Guidelines, including both the Employment Guidelines and the Broad Economic Policy Guidelines, were adopted as an integrated package, whereby the European Employment Strategy has the leading role in the implementation of the employment and labour market objectives of the Lisbon Strategy.

The draft Employment Guidelines for the period 2008-2010-are the following:

17. Implement employment policies aiming at achieving full employment, improving quality and productivity at work, and strengthening social and territorial cohesion;

18. Promote a life-cycle approach to work;

19. Ensure inclusive labour markets, enhance work attractiveness, and make work pay for jobseekers, including disadvantaged people, and the inactive;

20. Improve matching of labour market needs;

21. Promote flexibility combined with employment security and reduce labour market segmentation, having due regard to the role of the social partners;

22. Ensure employment-friendly labour cost developments and wage-setting mechanisms;

23. Expand and improve investment in human capital;

24. Adapt education and training systems in response to new competence requirements.

Documents
2008/02/29
   CSL - Council Meeting
2008/02/13
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2008/02/08
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2008/02/05
   EP - GIBAULT Claire (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in FEMM
2008/01/31
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2007/12/11
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to propose Member States’ employment policy guidelines, 2008-2010.

PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision (under Article 128 of the EC Treaty)

CONTEXT: In 2005 the EU relaunched the EU’s Lisbon Strategy in a bid to modernise Europe by focusing specifically on growth and jobs. The Strategy is based on a close partnership between the Commission and the Member States, who together have unanimously agreed to implement agreed integrated policy guidelines. The guidelines consist of firstly, “broad economic policy guidelines” and secondly, a set of “employment policy guidelines” for the Member States to implement through National Reform Programmes. The Strategy is organised around three-year cycles; the first covering the period 2005-2008. This summary concerns the employment guidelines only.

The purpose of the proposed Council Decision is to renew and update the agreed guidelines for the next three year cycle 2008-2010. The Commission suggests that most of the Integrated Guidelines, agreed on unanimously in 2005, do not require amending and as a result should remain largely unchanged for the next three-year cycle. The Annex accompanying the proposals has, however, been updated in order to reflect changing circumstances.

CONTENT : The examination of the Member States' National Reform Programmes contained in the Commission's Annual Progress Report and in the draft Joint Employment Report shows that Member States should continue to make every effort to address the priority areas of :

– attracting and retaining more people in employment, increasing labour supply and modernising social protection systems,

– improving adaptability of workers and enterprises, and

– increasing investment in human capital through better education and skills.

In this context, the Commission proposes establishing employment guidelines along the following lines:

Guideline 17 : Implement employment policies aiming at achieving full employment, improving quality and productivity at work, and strengthening social and territorial cohesion. These policies should contribute to achieving an average employment rate for the European Union (EU) of 70% overall, of at least 60% for women and of 50% for older workers (55 to 64) by 2010, and to reduce unemployment and inactivity. Member States should consider setting national employment rate targets. Guideline 18 : Promote a lifecycle approach to work. This guideline consists of: (i) a renewed endeavour to build employment pathways for young people and reduce youth unemployment; (ii) resolute action to increase female participation and reduce gender gaps in employment, unemployment and pay; (iii) better reconciliation of work and private life and the provision of accessible and affordable childcare facilities and care for other dependants; (iv) support for active ageing, including appropriate working conditions, improved (occupational) health status and adequate incentives to work and discouragement of early retirement; (v) modern social protection systems, including pensions and healthcare, ensuring their social adequacy, financial sustainability and responsiveness to changing needs. Guideline 19 : Ensure inclusive labour markets, enhance work attractiveness, and make work pay for job-seekers, including disadvantaged people, and the inactive. The following measures are expected to be implemented: (i) active and preventive labour market measures including early identification of needs, job search assistance, guidance and training as part of personalised action plans, provision of necessary social services and measures aimed at eradicating poverty; (ii) continual review of the incentives and disincentives resulting from the tax and benefit systems, including the management and conditionality of benefits and a significant reduction of high marginal effective tax rates, notably for those with low incomes; (iii) development of new sources of jobs in services for individuals and businesses, notably at local level. Guideline 20 : Improve matching of labour market needs. This shall involve: (i) the modernisation and strengthening of labour market institutions, notably employment services, also with a view to ensuring greater transparency of employment and training opportunities at national and European level; (ii) removing obstacles to mobility for workers across Europe; (iii) better anticipation of skill needs, labour market shortages and bottlenecks; (iv) appropriate management of economic migration. Guideline 21: To promote flexibility combined with employment security and to reduce labour market segmentation. It concerns: (i) adapting employment legislation, reviewing where necessary the different contractual and working time arrangements; (ii) addressing the issue of undeclared work; (iii) the better anticipation and positive management of change, including economic restructuring, so as to minimise their social costs and facilitate adaptation; (iv) the promotion and dissemination of innovative forms of work organisation, with a view to improving quality and productivity at work; (v) support for transitions in occupational status, including training, self-employment, business creation and geographic mobility. Guideline 22 : Ensure employment-friendly labour cost developments and wage-setting mechanisms by: (i) encouraging social partners to set the right framework for wage bargaining in order to avoid gender pay gaps; (ii) reviewing the impact on employment of non-wage labour costs and reducing, where appropriate, the tax burden on the low-paid. Guideline 23 : Expand and improve investment in human capital. It is planned to implement policies promoting inclusive education and training policies, with a view to: (i) facilitating access to initial vocational, secondary and higher education, including apprenticeships and entrepreneurship training; (ii) significantly reducing the number of early school leavers; (iii) developing efficient lifelong learning strategies open to all (schools, businesses, public authorities and households), through appropriate incentives and cost sharing. Guideline 24 : Adapt education and training systems in response to new competence requirements. In this area, it is planned to: (i) raise and ensure the attractiveness, openness and quality standards of education and training, ensuring flexible learning pathways and enlarging possibilities for mobility for students and trainees; (ii) diversify access for all to education and training, and to knowledge, by means of working time organisation; (iii) respond to new occupational needs, key competences and future skill requirements.

2007/02/28
   EP - VAN LANCKER Anne (PSE) appointed as rapporteur in EMPL

Documents

Activities

Votes

Rapport Van Lancker A6-0172/2008 - résolution #

2008/05/20 Outcome: +: 584, -: 72, 0: 11
DE FR ES GB PL IT RO HU NL BG EL BE AT PT LT DK IE FI SK LV SE SI CZ LU EE MT CY
Total
92
70
48
67
48
52
24
21
25
16
20
20
16
19
11
14
10
12
10
8
17
6
22
5
4
4
6
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
239

Lithuania PPE-DE

1

Denmark PPE-DE

1

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE-DE

2
icon: PSE PSE
190

Lithuania PSE

2

Slovakia PSE

2

Czechia PSE

2

Luxembourg PSE

For (1)

1

Estonia PSE

2

Malta PSE

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
82

Spain ALDE

1
2

Austria ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

2

Slovenia ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

For (1)

1

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
38

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Italy Verts/ALE

1

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: UEN UEN
34

Lithuania UEN

2

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
20

Poland IND/DEM

3

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Greece IND/DEM

1

Denmark IND/DEM

Against (1)

1

Ireland IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Sweden IND/DEM

2

Czechia IND/DEM

Against (1)

1
icon: NI NI
28
2

Italy NI

For (1)

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Belgium NI

3

Austria NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Czechia NI

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
36

France GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
AmendmentsDossier
188 2007/0300(CNS)
2008/03/11 FEMM 34 amendments...
source: PE-402.926
2008/03/17 EMPL 154 amendments...
source: PE-402.871

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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  • date: 2007-12-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0803/COM_COM(2007)0803_EN.pdf title: COM(2007)0803 type: Legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52007PC0803(02):EN body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/legal_service/ title: Legal Service Commissioner: BARROSO José Manuel type: Legislative proposal published
  • date: 2008-01-31T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: True committee: EMPL date: 2007-02-28T00:00:00 committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs rapporteur: group: PSE name: VAN LANCKER Anne body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2008-02-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: ALDE name: GIBAULT Claire body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2855 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2855*&MEET_DATE=29/02/2008 type: Debate in Council title: 2855 council: Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs date: 2008-02-29T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2008-05-06T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: True committee: EMPL date: 2007-02-28T00:00:00 committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs rapporteur: group: PSE name: VAN LANCKER Anne body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2008-02-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: ALDE name: GIBAULT Claire body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2008-05-08T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-172&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A6-0172/2008 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: True committee: EMPL date: 2007-02-28T00:00:00 committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs rapporteur: group: PSE name: VAN LANCKER Anne body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2008-02-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: ALDE name: GIBAULT Claire body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2008-05-20T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=15003&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20080520&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-207 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0207/2008 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2008-06-09T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs meeting_id: 2876
  • date: 2008-07-15T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Agriculture and Fisheries meeting_id: 2884
  • date: 2008-07-15T00:00:00 body: EP type: End of procedure in Parliament
  • date: 2008-07-15T00:00:00 body: EP/CSL type: Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
  • date: 2008-07-26T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32008D0618 title: Decision 2008/618 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2008:198:TOC title: OJ L 198 26.07.2008, p. 0047
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  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Agriculture and Fisheries meeting_id: 2884 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2884*&MEET_DATE=15/07/2008 date: 2008-07-15T00:00:00
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs meeting_id: 2876 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2876*&MEET_DATE=09/06/2008 date: 2008-06-09T00:00:00
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs meeting_id: 2855 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2855*&MEET_DATE=29/02/2008 date: 2008-02-29T00:00:00
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  • date: 2008-02-08T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE400.670 title: PE400.670 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2008-02-13T00:00:00 docs: url: https://dm.eesc.europa.eu/EESCDocumentSearch/Pages/redresults.aspx?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:0282)(documentyear:2008)(documentlanguage:EN) title: CES0282/2008 type: Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report body: ESC
  • date: 2008-03-17T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE402.871 title: PE402.871 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2008-04-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE402.557&secondRef=02 title: PE402.557 committee: FEMM type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2008-05-08T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-172&language=EN title: A6-0172/2008 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2008-06-12T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=15003&j=0&l=en title: SP(2008)3593/2 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
events
  • date: 2007-12-11T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0803/COM_COM(2007)0803_EN.pdf title: COM(2007)0803 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2007&nu_doc=803 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to propose Member States’ employment policy guidelines, 2008-2010. PROPOSED ACT: Council Decision (under Article 128 of the EC Treaty) CONTEXT: In 2005 the EU relaunched the EU’s Lisbon Strategy in a bid to modernise Europe by focusing specifically on growth and jobs. The Strategy is based on a close partnership between the Commission and the Member States, who together have unanimously agreed to implement agreed integrated policy guidelines. The guidelines consist of firstly, “broad economic policy guidelines” and secondly, a set of “employment policy guidelines” for the Member States to implement through National Reform Programmes. The Strategy is organised around three-year cycles; the first covering the period 2005-2008. This summary concerns the employment guidelines only. The purpose of the proposed Council Decision is to renew and update the agreed guidelines for the next three year cycle 2008-2010. The Commission suggests that most of the Integrated Guidelines, agreed on unanimously in 2005, do not require amending and as a result should remain largely unchanged for the next three-year cycle. The Annex accompanying the proposals has, however, been updated in order to reflect changing circumstances. CONTENT : The examination of the Member States' National Reform Programmes contained in the Commission's Annual Progress Report and in the draft Joint Employment Report shows that Member States should continue to make every effort to address the priority areas of : – attracting and retaining more people in employment, increasing labour supply and modernising social protection systems, – improving adaptability of workers and enterprises, and – increasing investment in human capital through better education and skills. In this context, the Commission proposes establishing employment guidelines along the following lines: Guideline 17 : Implement employment policies aiming at achieving full employment, improving quality and productivity at work, and strengthening social and territorial cohesion. These policies should contribute to achieving an average employment rate for the European Union (EU) of 70% overall, of at least 60% for women and of 50% for older workers (55 to 64) by 2010, and to reduce unemployment and inactivity. Member States should consider setting national employment rate targets. Guideline 18 : Promote a lifecycle approach to work. This guideline consists of: (i) a renewed endeavour to build employment pathways for young people and reduce youth unemployment; (ii) resolute action to increase female participation and reduce gender gaps in employment, unemployment and pay; (iii) better reconciliation of work and private life and the provision of accessible and affordable childcare facilities and care for other dependants; (iv) support for active ageing, including appropriate working conditions, improved (occupational) health status and adequate incentives to work and discouragement of early retirement; (v) modern social protection systems, including pensions and healthcare, ensuring their social adequacy, financial sustainability and responsiveness to changing needs. Guideline 19 : Ensure inclusive labour markets, enhance work attractiveness, and make work pay for job-seekers, including disadvantaged people, and the inactive. The following measures are expected to be implemented: (i) active and preventive labour market measures including early identification of needs, job search assistance, guidance and training as part of personalised action plans, provision of necessary social services and measures aimed at eradicating poverty; (ii) continual review of the incentives and disincentives resulting from the tax and benefit systems, including the management and conditionality of benefits and a significant reduction of high marginal effective tax rates, notably for those with low incomes; (iii) development of new sources of jobs in services for individuals and businesses, notably at local level. Guideline 20 : Improve matching of labour market needs. This shall involve: (i) the modernisation and strengthening of labour market institutions, notably employment services, also with a view to ensuring greater transparency of employment and training opportunities at national and European level; (ii) removing obstacles to mobility for workers across Europe; (iii) better anticipation of skill needs, labour market shortages and bottlenecks; (iv) appropriate management of economic migration. Guideline 21: To promote flexibility combined with employment security and to reduce labour market segmentation. It concerns: (i) adapting employment legislation, reviewing where necessary the different contractual and working time arrangements; (ii) addressing the issue of undeclared work; (iii) the better anticipation and positive management of change, including economic restructuring, so as to minimise their social costs and facilitate adaptation; (iv) the promotion and dissemination of innovative forms of work organisation, with a view to improving quality and productivity at work; (v) support for transitions in occupational status, including training, self-employment, business creation and geographic mobility. Guideline 22 : Ensure employment-friendly labour cost developments and wage-setting mechanisms by: (i) encouraging social partners to set the right framework for wage bargaining in order to avoid gender pay gaps; (ii) reviewing the impact on employment of non-wage labour costs and reducing, where appropriate, the tax burden on the low-paid. Guideline 23 : Expand and improve investment in human capital. It is planned to implement policies promoting inclusive education and training policies, with a view to: (i) facilitating access to initial vocational, secondary and higher education, including apprenticeships and entrepreneurship training; (ii) significantly reducing the number of early school leavers; (iii) developing efficient lifelong learning strategies open to all (schools, businesses, public authorities and households), through appropriate incentives and cost sharing. Guideline 24 : Adapt education and training systems in response to new competence requirements. In this area, it is planned to: (i) raise and ensure the attractiveness, openness and quality standards of education and training, ensuring flexible learning pathways and enlarging possibilities for mobility for students and trainees; (ii) diversify access for all to education and training, and to knowledge, by means of working time organisation; (iii) respond to new occupational needs, key competences and future skill requirements.
  • date: 2008-01-31T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2008-02-29T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2855*&MEET_DATE=29/02/2008 title: 2855 summary: The Council reached a general approach on a decision on Guidelines for the Employment Policies of the Member States, in the framework of Integrated Guidelines for Growth and Jobs. The Council notes that it will return to the Employment Guidelines after the Parliament's opinion has been received (due in May). The previous Integrated Guidelines, including both the Employment Guidelines and the Broad Economic Policy Guidelines, were adopted as an integrated package, whereby the European Employment Strategy has the leading role in the implementation of the employment and labour market objectives of the Lisbon Strategy. The draft Employment Guidelines for the period 2008-2010-are the following: 17. Implement employment policies aiming at achieving full employment, improving quality and productivity at work, and strengthening social and territorial cohesion; 18. Promote a life-cycle approach to work; 19. Ensure inclusive labour markets, enhance work attractiveness, and make work pay for jobseekers, including disadvantaged people, and the inactive; 20. Improve matching of labour market needs; 21. Promote flexibility combined with employment security and reduce labour market segmentation, having due regard to the role of the social partners; 22. Ensure employment-friendly labour cost developments and wage-setting mechanisms; 23. Expand and improve investment in human capital; 24. Adapt education and training systems in response to new competence requirements.
  • date: 2008-05-06T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP summary: The Committee on Employment and Social Affairs adopted the report by Anne VAN LANCKER (PES, BE), adopting, under the consultation procedure, and amending the proposal for a Council decision on guidelines for the employment policies of the Member States (part V of the package proposed by the Commission). Overall, the approach advocated by MEPs is two-tiered. They ask that: requirements linked to the promotion of a high level of employment , the guarantee of adequate social protection, the fight against social exclusion, and a high level of education, training and protection of human health be better taken into account and that the fight against discrimination based on sex, racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age, or sexual orientation be stepped up; interaction between the guidelines and the open method of coordination on the Social Protection and Social Inclusion Process be strengthened. In particular, MEPs call for better cooperation between Member States and social partners in order to improve the compliance of national legislation with the application of European social legislation and the principles of equal treatment and non-discrimination. Member States are also called upon to implement their own pathways based on the common principles of flexicurity , within the framework of effective social dialogue. MEPs introduce, in particular, an additional annex setting new benchmarks for the European Employment Strategy. According to MEPs, this strategy shall aim to: offer a new start before reaching 4 months of unemployment in the case of young people and 12 months in the case of adults (in the form of training, retraining, work practice, a job or other employability measure); ensure, by 2010, the participation of 25% of the long-term unemployed in a programme of active measures, with the aim of achieving the average of the three most advanced Member States; ensure that jobseekers throughout the EU are able to consult all job vacancies advertised through Member States' employment services; increase by five years, at EU level, the effective average exit age from the labour market by 2010 (compared to 59.9 in 2001); ensure the provision of childcare, by 2010, for at least 90% of children between 3 years old and the mandatory school age and at least 33% of children under 3 years of age; reduce the average rate of early school leavers to 10%; ensure that, by 2010, at least 85% of 22-year olds have completed upper secondary education and that at least 12.5% of the adult working-age population (between the age of 25 and 64) actively participate in lifelong learning. In this context, the main amendments to the introductory part of the annex and the guidelines can be summarised as follows: reintegrating employment guidelines for 2008-2010 in the three main pillars, namely macroeconomic policies, microeconomic reforms and employment policies, which , together, contribute to achieving the objectives of sustainable expansion and employment and to strengthening social cohesion; promoting job flexibility while also bearing in mind family constraints and the work-life balance; taking into consideration the gender dimension and the need to bear in mind gender inequality in the workplace (by reducing, in particular, the pay gap between men and women); taking the situation of older workers and disabled persons better into account; highlighting the need for better quality jobs, by facilitating a work-life balance, and the need to increase labour supply; promoting active social integration and the fight against poverty and social exclusion by ensuring a decent income and quality social services together with opportunities for recruitment and ongoing vocational training for everyone; improving the security of workers; increasing investment in human capital by adapting education and training systems to new competence requirements; increasing investment in research, science and innovation. In direct relation to these amendments, MEPs make amendments to the guidelines: Guideline 17 : MEPs call for the promotion of labour markets that encourage integration and advocate support for businesses through financial assistance so that they can compete in the market. They also call for increased investment in human capital. Furthermore, they also reinsert the provision in the approach advocated by the European Pact for Gender Equality and by the European Alliance for Families; Guideline 18 : MEPs consider that that this guideline should aim to “enhance a life cycle approach to work” through a series of measures aimed at, among other things, combining work with caring for a close relative, enabling persons who lose their job later in life to get back to work (particularly people over the age of 40), focusing on the different impact of benefits systems on men and women, adapting parental leave schemes and establishing terms for temporary leave without obstacles…; Guideline 19a : MEPs insert a new specific guideline that aims to ensure the active social integration of all workers and tackle poverty and social exclusion by guaranteeing a decent income and better access to quality social services together with better access to the labour market through the expansion of job opportunities and vocational training; Guideline 20 : MEPs ask that this guideline encourage better access to the labour market, preventing the brain drain of the EU through sufficient investment in training; Guideline 21 : MEPs ask that this guideline (which aims to promote flexibility of the labour market) include the following components: (i) flexible and reliable contractual arrangements through modern labour laws, collective agreements and work organisation; (ii) comprehensive lifelong learning strategies to ensure the continual adaptability and employability of workers; (iii) effective active labour market policies which do not involve an active early retirement policy and better integrate older workers; (iv) modern social security systems that provide adequate income support, encourage employment and facilitate labour market mobility. In particular, MEPs call for control measures for workers, in order to combat the problem of undeclared work by means of appropriate sanctions; Guideline 22 : MEPs request that, within this guideline, workers be guaranteed sufficient purchasing power and that gender pay gaps be avoided; Guideline 23 : as part of lifelong learning, MEPs call for the number of early school leavers to be significantly reduced, and for access by women to education, continuous training and lifelong learning to be facilitated; Guideline 24 : lastly, MEPs call for foreign language learning to be promoted as part of both initial and lifelong training.
  • date: 2008-05-08T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-172&language=EN title: A6-0172/2008
  • date: 2008-05-20T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=15003&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2008-05-20T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20080520&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2008-05-20T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-207 title: T6-0207/2008 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 584 votes to 72, with 11 abstentions, a legislative resolution approving, with amendments, the proposal for a Council decision on guidelines for the employment policies of the Member States (part V of the package proposed by the Commission). The report had been tabled for consideration in plenary by Anne VAN LANCKER (PES, BE) on behalf of the Committee on Social Affairs. The main amendments, adopted in accordance with the consultation procedure, aimed at: 1. taking greater account of the requirements linked to the promotion of a high level of employment, guaranteeing adequate social protection, fighting against social exclusion, promoting a high level of education, training and protection of human health, and combating all forms of discrimination; 2. strengthening interaction between the guidelines and the open method of coordination on the Social Protection and Social Inclusion Process. In particular, the Parliament calls for better cooperation between Member States and social partners in order to improve the compliance of national legislation with the application of European social legislation and the principles of equal treatment and non-discrimination. Member States are also called upon to implement their own pathways based on the common principles of flexicurity , within the framework of effective social dialogue. The Parliament introduces, in particular, an additional annex setting new benchmarks for the European Employment Strategy. According to the Parliament, this strategy shall aim to: offer a new start before reaching 4 months of unemployment in the case of young people and 12 months in the case of adults (in the form of training, retraining, work practice, a job or other employability measure); ensure, by 2010, the participation of 25% of the long-term unemployed in a programme of active measures, with the aim of achieving the average of the three most advanced Member States; ensure that jobseekers throughout the EU are able to consult all job vacancies advertised through Member States' employment services; increase by five years, at EU level, the effective average exit age from the labour market by 2010 (compared to 59.9 in 2001); ensure the provision of childcare, by 2010, for at least 90% of children between 3 years old and the mandatory school age and at least 33% of children under 3 years of age; reduce the average rate of early school leavers to 10%; ensure that, by 2010, at least 85% of 22-year olds have completed upper secondary education and that at least 12.5% of the adult working-age population (between the age of 25 and 64) actively participate in lifelong learning. At the same time, the Parliament makes a series of technical amendments to the guidelines themselves, which can be summarised as follows: Guideline 17 : the Parliament calls for the promotion of labour markets that encourage integration and advocate support for businesses through financial assistance so that they can compete in the market. It also calls for increased investment in human capital. Furthermore, it reinserts the provision in the approach advocated by the European Pact for Gender Equality and by the European Alliance for Families; Guideline 18 : the Parliament considers that that this guideline should aim to “enhance a life cycle approach to work” through a series of measures aimed at, among other things, combining work with caring for a close relative, enabling persons who lose their job later in life to get back to work (particularly people over the age of 40), focusing on the different impact of benefits systems on men and women, adapting parental leave schemes and establishing more flexible terms for temporary leave; Guideline 19a : the Parliament inserts a new guideline that aims to ensure the social integration of all workers and tackle poverty and social exclusion by guaranteeing a decent income and better access to quality social services together with better access to the labour market through the expansion of job opportunities and vocational training; Guideline 20 : the Parliament asks that this guideline encourage better access to the labour market, preventing the brain drain of the EU through sufficient investment in training; Guideline 21 : the Parliament asks that this guideline (which aims to promote flexibility of the labour market) include the following components: (i) flexible and reliable arrangements through modern labour laws, collective agreements and work organisation (the plenary deleted the part of the paragraph that stated that indefinite-term contracts should remain the norm) ; (ii) comprehensive lifelong learning strategies to ensure the continual adaptability and employability of workers; (iii) effective active labour market policies which do not involve an active early retirement policy and which better integrate older workers; (iv) modern social security systems that provide adequate income support, encourage employment and facilitate labour market mobility. In particular, the Parliament calls for control measures for workers, in order to combat the problem of undeclared work by means of appropriate sanctions; Guideline 22 : the Parliament requests that, within this guideline, workers be guaranteed sufficient purchasing power and that gender pay gaps be avoided; Guideline 23 : as part of lifelong learning, the Parliament calls for the number of early school leavers to be significantly reduced, and for access by women to education, continuous training and lifelong learning to be facilitated; Guideline 24 : lastly, the Parliament calls for foreign language learning to be promoted as part of both initial and lifelong training.
  • date: 2008-07-15T00:00:00 type: Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament body: EP/CSL
  • date: 2008-07-15T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2008-07-26T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: to present Member States’ employment policy guidelines, 2008-2010. LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Decision 2008/618/EC on guidelines for the employment policies of the Member States CONTENT: the reform of the Lisbon Strategy in 2005 has placed the emphasis on growth and jobs. The Employment Guidelines of the European Employment Strategy and the Broad Economic Policy Guidelines have been adopted as an integrated package, whereby the European Employment Strategy has the leading role in the implementation of the employment and labour market objectives of the Lisbon Strategy. The examination of the Member States’ National Reform Programmes contained in the Commission’s Annual Progress Report and in the draft Joint Employment Report shows that Member States should continue to make every effort to address the priority areas of: attracting and retaining more people in employment, increasing labour supply and modernising social protection systems; improving adaptability of workers and enterprises; increasing investment in human capital through better education and skills. This is reflected in Integrated Guidelines Nos 17 to 24. In the light of both the Commission’s examination of the National Reform Programmes and the European Council’s conclusions, the focus should be on effective and timely implementation in line with the conclusions of the European Council, thereby also strengthening the social dimension of the Lisbon Strategy. Special attention should be paid to the agreed targets and benchmarks. The following targets and benchmarks have been agreed in the context of the European Employment Strategy. These are set out in a new Annex: that every unemployed person is offered a job, apprenticeship, additional training or other employability measure; in the case of young persons who have left school within no more than 4 months by 2010 and in the case of adults within no more than 12 months; that 25 % of long-term unemployment should participate by 2010 in an active measure in the form of training, retraining, work practice, or other employability measure, with the aim of achieving the average of the three most advanced Member States; that jobseekers throughout the EU are able to consult all job vacancies advertised through Member States’ employment services; an increase by five years, at EU level, of the effective average exit age from the labour market by 2010 compared to 2001; the provision of childcare by 2010 to at least 90 % of children between 3 years old and the mandatory school age and at least 33 % of children under 3 years of age; an EU average rate of no more than 10 % early school leavers; at least 85 % of 22-year olds in the EU should have completed upper secondary education by 2010; that the EU average level of participation in lifelong learning should be at least 12,5 % of the adult working-age population (25 to 64 age group). The Employment Guidelines are valid for three years, while in the intermediate years until the end of 2010 their updating should remain strictly limited. Member States should take the Employment Guidelines into account when implementing programmed Community funding, in particular of the European Social Fund. The following technical amendments have been made to the Employment Guidelines: In this context, the Commission proposes establishing employment guidelines along the following lines: Guideline 17 : Implement employment policies aiming at achieving full employment, improving quality and productivity at work, and strengthening social and territorial cohesion. These policies should contribute to achieving an average employment rate for the European Union (EU) of 70% overall, of at least 60% for women and of 50% for older workers (55 to 64) by 2010, and to reduce unemployment and inactivity. Member States should consider setting national employment rate targets. Guideline 18 : Promote a lifecycle approach to work. This guideline consists of: (i) a renewed endeavour to build employment pathways for young people and reduce youth unemployment; (ii) resolute action to increase female participation and reduce gender gaps in employment, unemployment and pay; (iii) better reconciliation of work and private life and the provision of accessible and affordable childcare facilities and care for other dependants; (iv) support for active ageing, including appropriate working conditions, improved (occupational) health status and adequate incentives to work and discouragement of early retirement; (v) modern social protection systems, including pensions and healthcare, ensuring their social adequacy, financial sustainability and responsiveness to changing needs. Guideline 19 : Ensure inclusive labour markets, enhance work attractiveness, and make work pay for job-seekers, including disadvantaged people, and the inactive. The following measures are expected to be implemented: (i) active and preventive labour market measures including early identification of needs, job search assistance, guidance and training as part of personalised action plans, provision of necessary social services and measures aimed at eradicating poverty; (ii) continual review of the incentives and disincentives resulting from the tax and benefit systems, including the management and conditionality of benefits and a significant reduction of high marginal effective tax rates, notably for those with low incomes; (iii) development of new sources of jobs in services for individuals and businesses, notably at local level. Guideline 20 : Improve matching of labour market needs. This shall involve: (i) the modernisation and strengthening of labour market institutions, notably employment services, also with a view to ensuring greater transparency of employment and training opportunities at national and European level; (ii) removing obstacles to mobility for workers across Europe; (iii) better anticipation of skill needs, labour market shortages and bottlenecks; (iv) appropriate management of economic migration. Guideline 21 : To promote flexibility combined with employment security and to reduce labour market segmentation. It concerns: (i) adapting employment legislation, reviewing where necessary the different contractual and working time arrangements; (ii) addressing the issue of undeclared work; (iii) the better anticipation and positive management of change, including economic restructuring, so as to minimise their social costs and facilitate adaptation; (iv) the promotion and dissemination of innovative forms of work organisation, with a view to improving quality and productivity at work; (v) support for transitions in occupational status, including training, self-employment, business creation and geographic mobility. Guideline 22 : Ensure employment-friendly labour cost developments and wage-setting mechanisms by: (i) encouraging social partners to set the right framework for wage bargaining in order to avoid gender pay gaps; (ii) reviewing the impact on employment of non-wage labour costs and reducing, where appropriate, the tax burden on the low-paid. Guideline 23 : Expand and improve investment in human capital. It is planned to implement policies promoting inclusive education and training policies, with a view to: (i) facilitating access to initial vocational, secondary and higher education, including apprenticeships and entrepreneurship training; (ii) significantly reducing the number of early school leavers; (iii) developing efficient lifelong learning strategies open to all (schools, businesses, public authorities and households), through appropriate incentives and cost sharing. Guideline 24 : Adapt education and training systems in response to new competence requirements. In this area, it is planned to: (i) raise and ensure the attractiveness, openness and quality standards of education and training, ensuring flexible learning pathways and enlarging possibilities for mobility for students and trainees; (ii) diversify access for all to education and training, and to knowledge, by means of working time organisation; (iii) respond to new occupational needs, key competences and future skill requirements. It should be noted that the Parliament proposed to insert a new Guideline 19a which aimed to ensure the social integration of all workers and tackle poverty and social exclusion by guaranteeing a decent income and better access to quality social services together with better access to the labour market through the expansion of job opportunities and vocational training. However, the Council rejected this proposal. docs: title: Decision 2008/618 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32008D0618 title: OJ L 198 26.07.2008, p. 0047 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:198:SOM:EN:HTML
other
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/legal_service/ title: Legal Service commissioner: BARROSO José Manuel
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EMPL/6/53195
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  • EMPL/6/53195
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http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32008D0618
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  • 4.15.02 Employment: guidelines, actions, Funds
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4.15.02
Employment: guidelines, actions, Funds
procedure/title
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Guidelines for the employment policies, 2008-2010
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Guidelines for the employment policies 2008-2010
activities/0/docs/0/url
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http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0803/COM_COM(2007)0803_EN.pdf
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http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0803/COM_COM(2007)0803_EN.pdf
activities/10/docs/1/url
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http://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:198:SOM:EN:HTML
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http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2008:198:TOC
links/European Commission/title
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PreLex
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EUR-Lex
activities
  • date: 2007-12-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0803/COM_COM(2007)0803_EN.pdf celexid: CELEX:52007PC0803(02):EN type: Legislative proposal published title: COM(2007)0803 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/legal_service/ title: Legal Service Commissioner: BARROSO José Manuel
  • date: 2008-01-31T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: True committee: EMPL date: 2007-02-28T00:00:00 committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs rapporteur: group: PSE name: VAN LANCKER Anne body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2008-02-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: ALDE name: GIBAULT Claire body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 2855 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=2855*&MEET_DATE=29/02/2008 type: Debate in Council title: 2855 council: Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs date: 2008-02-29T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2008-05-06T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: True committee: EMPL date: 2007-02-28T00:00:00 committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs rapporteur: group: PSE name: VAN LANCKER Anne body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2008-02-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: ALDE name: GIBAULT Claire body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2008-05-08T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-172&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A6-0172/2008 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON body: EP responsible: True committee: EMPL date: 2007-02-28T00:00:00 committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs rapporteur: group: PSE name: VAN LANCKER Anne body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2008-02-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: ALDE name: GIBAULT Claire body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2008-05-20T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=15003&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20080520&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-207 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0207/2008 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2008-06-09T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs meeting_id: 2876
  • date: 2008-07-15T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Agriculture and Fisheries meeting_id: 2884
  • date: 2008-07-15T00:00:00 body: EP type: End of procedure in Parliament
  • date: 2008-07-15T00:00:00 body: EP/CSL type: Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
  • date: 2008-07-26T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32008D0618 title: Decision 2008/618 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/JOHtml.do?uri=OJ:L:2008:198:SOM:EN:HTML title: OJ L 198 26.07.2008, p. 0047
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Economic and Monetary Affairs committee: ECON
  • body: EP responsible: True committee: EMPL date: 2007-02-28T00:00:00 committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs rapporteur: group: PSE name: VAN LANCKER Anne
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2008-02-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: ALDE name: GIBAULT Claire
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
links
National parliaments
European Commission
other
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/legal_service/ title: Legal Service commissioner: BARROSO José Manuel
procedure
dossier_of_the_committee
EMPL/6/53195
reference
2007/0300(CNS)
instrument
Decision
legal_basis
EC Treaty (after Amsterdam) EC 128-p2
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Legislation
title
Guidelines for the employment policies, 2008-2010
type
CNS - Consultation procedure
final
subject
4.15.02 Employment: guidelines, actions, Funds