BETA


2007/2206(INI) Women and science

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead FEMM THOMSEN Britta (icon: PSE PSE)
Committee Opinion ITRE DOVER Den (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2008/07/17
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2008/06/12
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2008/05/21
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2008/05/21
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 416 votes to 75, with 164 abstentions, a resolution on women and science.

The own initiative report had been tabled for consideration in plenary by Britta THOMSEN (PES, DK) on behalf of the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality.

The Parliament recalls that research represents a crucial sector for the economic development of the European Union but that, in this domain, women are a minority, as female researchers comprise an average of 35% of researchers working in the public sector and an average of only 18% of researchers working in the private sector.

As a result of this observation, the Parliament calls on Member States to promote science as an interesting field for both sexes, from an early age, particularly amongst women. It considers that it is essential to fight against gender stereotypes, which are still present in the research sector. It encourages universities and faculties to analyse all forms of implicit gender discrimination and to resolve these issues.

To encourage a better integration of women in the research sector and in the field of science in general, a series of measures have been put forward.

These measures can be summarised as follows:

combating terrorism : a revision of the ‘good researcher’ model by identifying the differences between male and female scientific careers and by stressing that female researchers also contribute to the world of research; better work-life balance : measures are called for to offer them flexible working hours, improved child-care facilities, more favourable parental leave conditions,…; study grants : the establishment of a system for grants for doctoral studies which better respects the national maternity leave provisions (in effect, the age limits for the award of grants adversely affect young women who are mothers or who are looking after dependants; therefore, it is necessary to allow one year to be added to the deadline for applications for each year in which a dependant is looked after); recruitment of women to decision-making positions : a revision of recruitment procedures in order to increase the presence of women in senior posts in universities and education authorities (the Plenary criticises, in this respect, the unambitious and insufficient EU target of 25% of women in leading positions in public-sector research; gender equality should therefore imply a rate of at least 40% of women); furthermore, there are calls for more transparent recruitment processes and for an obligation to ensure gender balance in evaluation panels, selection and all other committees, as well as nominated panels and committees with a non-binding target of at least 40 % women (and at least 40 % men); awareness : it is necessary to raise awareness amongst the scientific community and policy makers of equal opportunities in science and research (top-level commitment is vital for achieving gender equality in research, and such a commitment must be expressed at national and institutional level); it is also important for universities, research institutes and private businesses to adopt and enforce equality strategies; Member States must also be encouraged to promote awareness-raising actions to inform and encourage girls to pursue scientific and technological university studies and degrees; participation of women in scientific research programmes : the Commission is called upon to ensure that attention is paid to the participation of women in scientific research programmes by providing targeted gender-awareness training for those in decision-making positions, those sitting on advisory boards and evaluation panels, those drafting invitations to tender as well as tenders, and those leading contract negotiations; the Commission is also called upon to ensure that in tenders submitted under FP7 there is a balanced representation of men and women and that gender action plans be developed at the proposal and evaluation stage of FP7; promotion of professional careers for women in scientific domains : it is also proposed to encourage female researchers and to further develop support and mentoring schemes, given that the development of support structures for career guidance and the provision of advice to female scientists would produce particularly positive results; it is also necessary to encourage greater participation of women in fields such as technology, physics, engineering, computer science and other domains; remuneration policy : it is vital that a fairer remuneration policy for female scientists be promoted and that research funds specifically targeted at women be provided to counter the under funding of women in research (the principle of equal pay should also apply to scholarships and grants); networking among female scientists : this should take place at national, regional and EU level; networks should be established to strengthen the position of women and to encourage them to participate in the policy debate.

Documents
2008/05/21
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2008/05/20
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2008/04/22
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2008/04/22
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Documents
2008/04/14
   EP - Vote in committee
Details

The Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality adopted the own-initiative report by Britta THOMSEN (PES, DK) on women and science, recalling that research represents a crucial sector for the economic development of the European Union, and that Europe needs to recruit 700 000 additional researchers as part of the fulfilment of the Lisbon strategy for growth and employment. However, in this domain, women are a minority, as female researchers comprise an average of 35% of researchers working in the public sector and an average of only 18% of researchers working in the private sector. In addition, women are less present in the top grades of academia, as even though women make up more than 50% of EU students and achieve 43% of EU doctoral degrees, they hold, on average, only 15% of senior academic posts and thereby have considerably less influence with regard to decision-making positions in research.

Faced with this observation, MEPs call Member States to promote science as an interesting field for both sexes from an early age, particularly amongst women, and to fight against gender stereotypes, which are still present in the research sector . They encourage universities and faculties to analyse all forms of implicit gender discrimination and to resolve these issues. In particular, they highlight that the conventional approach to evaluating ‘excellence’ and ‘performance’, as regards the number of publications in the field of science, may not be gender neutral and that this approach restricts women.

To encourage a better integration of women in the research sector and in the field of science in general, a series of measures have been put forward by MEPs. These measures can be summarised as follows:

a revision of publications on the history of science and technology, in order to verify that women play a key role so that they are also seen as role models; a revision of the ‘good researcher’ model by identifying the differences between male and female scientific careers and by stressing that female researchers also contribute to the world of research; an improvement to the daily situation of female researchers who experience difficulties in balancing their schedule: some can no longer manage family life and professional life simultaneously; therefore, it is necessary to offer them flexible working hours, improved child-care facilities, as well as social security provision accessibility across borders; they should also be offered more favourable parental leave conditions (MEPs also note that by interrupting their scientific career for family reasons, women generally reduce their career opportunities – therefore, age must be taken into account together with the family situation – taking account of the number of the researcher's dependents); the establishment of a system for grants for doctoral studies which better respects the national maternity leave provisions (in effect, the age limits for the award of grants adversely affect young women who are mothers or who are looking after dependants; therefore, it is necessary to allow one year to be added to the deadline for applications for each year in which a dependant is looked after); a revision of recruitment procedures which tend to favour male researchers to the detriment of female researchers, and the implementation of strategies (in universities, research establishments and private businesses) to enforce gender equality in recruitment and decision-making – MEPs suggest, in particular, the application of an indicative and non-binding quota of at least 40% of women in recruitment in each of the scientific domains (public or private); raising awareness amongst the scientific community and policy makers of equal opportunities in science and research; increased participation of women in scientific research programmes (in this context, the Commission is called to monitor the participation of women in Community research programmes and to ensure a better representation of women in scientific groups which tender for the Seventh Framework Programme for research and technological development – notably, the Commission is called to better inform the Parliament of progress in the representation of women on assessment boards and selection committees of projects and to provide an interim assessment of the integration tools of the gender aspect in the Seventh Framework Programme); encouraging female researchers to follow support and mentoring schemes; the promotion of professional careers for women in scientific domains - in this context, MEPs suggest that measures such as obligatory targets for female researchers and professors are essential to achieving gender balance in science; a fairer remuneration policy for female scientists and a provision for research funds targeted at women to counter the under funding of women in research; the establishment (in universities) of special programmes increasing young girls' and women's interest in starting scientific careers and the implementation of programmes for coaching and supporting young women scientists in participating in research programmes and grant applications; the networking among female scientists at national, regional and EU level, in order to strengthen the position of women and to encourage them to participate in the policy debate.

Moreover, MEPs note that an excessively high proportion of female scientists abandon their career at some point along the ‘leaking pipeline’ model. It is for this reason that MEPs call for this phenomenon to be analysed on the basis of ‘push and pull factors’ and for the competent authorities to formulate possible solutions to improve the working environment for female scientists and to better take into account family responsibilities. Lastly, they call for measures that better support the mobility of women in order to guarantee them a more advantageous career progression.

2008/04/09
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2008/03/06
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2008/02/07
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2007/12/05
   EP - DOVER Den (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2007/09/27
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2007/06/27
   EP - THOMSEN Britta (PSE) appointed as rapporteur in FEMM

Documents

Activities

Votes

Rapport Thomsen A6-0165/2008 - par. 8/2 #

2008/05/21 Outcome: +: 349, -: 281, 0: 40
GB FR IT BE DK BG PT NL FI LT SE ES EE RO CY HU LU AT SI MT SK EL LV CZ IE DE PL
Total
63
71
50
19
14
18
21
23
13
13
17
49
5
21
6
22
5
17
7
3
11
20
8
22
11
90
51
icon: PSE PSE
183

Finland PSE

2

Lithuania PSE

2

Estonia PSE

2

Luxembourg PSE

For (1)

1

Slovenia PSE

For (1)

1

Malta PSE

For (1)

1

Slovakia PSE

2

Czechia PSE

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
91

Denmark ALDE

Against (1)

4

Sweden ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

2

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1
2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
33

France GUE/NGL

Against (1)

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Greece GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
39

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

For (1)

4

Italy Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Romania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

Against (1)

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
26

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

5

Italy NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Austria NI

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Slovakia NI

2

Czechia NI

Against (1)

1
2
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
20

France IND/DEM

2

Denmark IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Sweden IND/DEM

2

Greece IND/DEM

1

Czechia IND/DEM

Against (1)

1

Ireland IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Poland IND/DEM

Abstain (1)

3
icon: UEN UEN
34

Denmark UEN

For (1)

1

Lithuania UEN

2
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
244

Denmark PPE-DE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania PPE-DE

2

Estonia PPE-DE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE-DE

2

Slovenia PPE-DE

4

Malta PPE-DE

Against (2)

2

Latvia PPE-DE

3

Rapport Thomsen A6-0165/2008 - par. 16/2 #

2008/05/21 Outcome: +: 395, -: 267, 0: 14
GB FR IT DK NL BE SE FI PT LT ES BG AT EE RO IE LU CY EL MT HU DE LV SI SK CZ PL
Total
63
69
55
14
25
19
17
13
21
13
48
18
17
5
23
11
5
6
20
4
22
90
8
6
11
22
51
icon: PSE PSE
182

Finland PSE

2

Lithuania PSE

2

Estonia PSE

2

Luxembourg PSE

For (1)

1

Malta PSE

2

Slovakia PSE

2

Czechia PSE

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
91

Sweden ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1
2

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
38

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Italy Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Romania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
34
2

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Greece GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

2
icon: NI NI
26

United Kingdom NI

Abstain (1)

5

Italy NI

Abstain (1)

3

Belgium NI

3

Bulgaria NI

3

Austria NI

2

Slovakia NI

2

Czechia NI

Against (1)

1
2
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
20

France IND/DEM

2

Denmark IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Sweden IND/DEM

2

Ireland IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Greece IND/DEM

1

Czechia IND/DEM

Against (1)

1

Poland IND/DEM

Against (1)

3
icon: UEN UEN
37

Denmark UEN

Against (1)

1

Lithuania UEN

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Latvia UEN

Against (1)

3
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
248

Denmark PPE-DE

Against (1)

1
4

Lithuania PPE-DE

2

Estonia PPE-DE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE-DE

2

Malta PPE-DE

Against (2)

2

Latvia PPE-DE

3

Slovenia PPE-DE

4

Rapport Thomsen A6-0165/2008 - résolution #

2008/05/21 Outcome: +: 416, 0: 164, -: 75
IT FR GB ES DE NL BE PT RO LT DK PL FI BG SE IE AT EL HU LV SI CY EE LU CZ SK MT
Total
54
66
60
44
90
25
19
21
21
13
14
48
13
16
17
10
17
18
22
8
7
6
5
5
21
11
4
icon: PSE PSE
182

Lithuania PSE

2

Finland PSE

2

Slovenia PSE

For (1)

1

Estonia PSE

2

Luxembourg PSE

For (1)

1

Czechia PSE

2

Slovakia PSE

2

Malta PSE

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
89

Sweden ALDE

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

1
2

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
37

Italy Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
34
2

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Greece GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

2

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: UEN UEN
35

Lithuania UEN

2

Denmark UEN

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
234
6
4

Lithuania PPE-DE

2

Denmark PPE-DE

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria PPE-DE

3

Ireland PPE-DE

Abstain (1)

4

Austria PPE-DE

Against (2)

6

Latvia PPE-DE

3

Slovenia PPE-DE

For (1)

4

Cyprus PPE-DE

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

3

Estonia PPE-DE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE-DE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Malta PPE-DE

Abstain (2)

2
icon: NI NI
26

Italy NI

Against (1)

3

United Kingdom NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

5

Belgium NI

3

Poland NI

Abstain (1)

2

Bulgaria NI

3

Austria NI

Against (1)

2

Czechia NI

Against (1)

1

Slovakia NI

2
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
18

France IND/DEM

Against (1)

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Denmark IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Poland IND/DEM

2

Sweden IND/DEM

2

Ireland IND/DEM

For (1)

1

Greece IND/DEM

1

Czechia IND/DEM

Against (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
82 2007/2206(INI)
2008/03/04 ITRE 22 amendments...
source: PE-402.819
2008/03/10 FEMM 60 amendments...
source: PE-402.909

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

docs/0/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE400.495
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/EN&reference=PE400.495
docs/1/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE402.909
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/EN&reference=PE402.909
docs/2/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE400.662&secondRef=03
New
http://nullEN&reference=PE400.662&secondRef=03
docs/3/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2008-0165_EN.html
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2008-0165_EN.html
docs/4/docs/0/url
/oeil/spdoc.do?i=14929&j=1&l=en
events/0/type
Old
Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
New
Committee referral announced in Parliament
events/1/type
Old
Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
New
Vote in committee
events/2
date
2008-04-22T00:00:00
type
Committee report tabled for plenary
body
EP
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2008-0165_EN.html title: A6-0165/2008
events/2
date
2008-04-22T00:00:00
type
Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2008-0165_EN.html title: A6-0165/2008
events/3/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20080520&type=CRE
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/EN&reference=20080520&type=CRE
events/5
date
2008-05-21T00:00:00
type
Decision by Parliament
body
EP
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-6-2008-0221_EN.html title: T6-0221/2008
summary
events/5
date
2008-05-21T00:00:00
type
Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-6-2008-0221_EN.html title: T6-0221/2008
summary
procedure/legal_basis/0
Rules of Procedure EP 54
procedure/legal_basis/0
Rules of Procedure EP 052
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Women's Rights and Gender Equality
committee
FEMM
rapporteur
name: THOMSEN Britta date: 2007-06-27T00:00:00 group: Socialist Group in the European Parliament abbr: PSE
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Women's Rights and Gender Equality
committee
FEMM
date
2007-06-27T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: THOMSEN Britta group: Socialist Group in the European Parliament abbr: PSE
committees/1
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
rapporteur
name: DOVER Den date: 2007-12-05T00:00:00 group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
committees/1
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
date
2007-12-05T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: DOVER Den group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
docs/3/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-165&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2008-0165_EN.html
docs/4/body
EC
docs/5/body
EC
events/2/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-165&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-6-2008-0165_EN.html
events/5/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-221
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-6-2008-0221_EN.html
activities
  • date: 2007-09-27T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: FEMM date: 2007-06-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: PSE name: THOMSEN Britta body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-12-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DOVER Den
  • date: 2008-04-14T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: FEMM date: 2007-06-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: PSE name: THOMSEN Britta body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-12-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DOVER Den type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2008-04-22T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-165&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading title: A6-0165/2008 body: EP type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date: 2008-05-20T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20080520&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2008-05-21T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=14929&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-221 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0221/2008 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
commission
  • body: EC dg: Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion commissioner: ŠPIDLA Vladimír
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Women's Rights and Gender Equality
committee
FEMM
date
2007-06-27T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: THOMSEN Britta group: Socialist Group in the European Parliament abbr: PSE
committees/0
body
EP
responsible
True
committee
FEMM
date
2007-06-27T00:00:00
committee_full
Women's Rights and Gender Equality
rapporteur
group: PSE name: THOMSEN Britta
committees/1
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
date
2007-12-05T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: DOVER Den group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
committees/1
body
EP
responsible
False
committee
ITRE
date
2007-12-05T00:00:00
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
rapporteur
group: PPE-DE name: DOVER Den
docs
  • date: 2008-02-07T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE400.495 title: PE400.495 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2008-03-06T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE402.909 title: PE402.909 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2008-04-09T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE400.662&secondRef=03 title: PE400.662 committee: ITRE type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2008-04-22T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-165&language=EN title: A6-0165/2008 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP
  • date: 2008-06-12T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=14929&j=1&l=en title: SP(2008)3593/2 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
  • date: 2008-07-17T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=14929&j=0&l=en title: SP(2008)4116 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
events
  • date: 2007-09-27T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2008-04-14T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP summary: The Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality adopted the own-initiative report by Britta THOMSEN (PES, DK) on women and science, recalling that research represents a crucial sector for the economic development of the European Union, and that Europe needs to recruit 700 000 additional researchers as part of the fulfilment of the Lisbon strategy for growth and employment. However, in this domain, women are a minority, as female researchers comprise an average of 35% of researchers working in the public sector and an average of only 18% of researchers working in the private sector. In addition, women are less present in the top grades of academia, as even though women make up more than 50% of EU students and achieve 43% of EU doctoral degrees, they hold, on average, only 15% of senior academic posts and thereby have considerably less influence with regard to decision-making positions in research. Faced with this observation, MEPs call Member States to promote science as an interesting field for both sexes from an early age, particularly amongst women, and to fight against gender stereotypes, which are still present in the research sector . They encourage universities and faculties to analyse all forms of implicit gender discrimination and to resolve these issues. In particular, they highlight that the conventional approach to evaluating ‘excellence’ and ‘performance’, as regards the number of publications in the field of science, may not be gender neutral and that this approach restricts women. To encourage a better integration of women in the research sector and in the field of science in general, a series of measures have been put forward by MEPs. These measures can be summarised as follows: a revision of publications on the history of science and technology, in order to verify that women play a key role so that they are also seen as role models; a revision of the ‘good researcher’ model by identifying the differences between male and female scientific careers and by stressing that female researchers also contribute to the world of research; an improvement to the daily situation of female researchers who experience difficulties in balancing their schedule: some can no longer manage family life and professional life simultaneously; therefore, it is necessary to offer them flexible working hours, improved child-care facilities, as well as social security provision accessibility across borders; they should also be offered more favourable parental leave conditions (MEPs also note that by interrupting their scientific career for family reasons, women generally reduce their career opportunities – therefore, age must be taken into account together with the family situation – taking account of the number of the researcher's dependents); the establishment of a system for grants for doctoral studies which better respects the national maternity leave provisions (in effect, the age limits for the award of grants adversely affect young women who are mothers or who are looking after dependants; therefore, it is necessary to allow one year to be added to the deadline for applications for each year in which a dependant is looked after); a revision of recruitment procedures which tend to favour male researchers to the detriment of female researchers, and the implementation of strategies (in universities, research establishments and private businesses) to enforce gender equality in recruitment and decision-making – MEPs suggest, in particular, the application of an indicative and non-binding quota of at least 40% of women in recruitment in each of the scientific domains (public or private); raising awareness amongst the scientific community and policy makers of equal opportunities in science and research; increased participation of women in scientific research programmes (in this context, the Commission is called to monitor the participation of women in Community research programmes and to ensure a better representation of women in scientific groups which tender for the Seventh Framework Programme for research and technological development – notably, the Commission is called to better inform the Parliament of progress in the representation of women on assessment boards and selection committees of projects and to provide an interim assessment of the integration tools of the gender aspect in the Seventh Framework Programme); encouraging female researchers to follow support and mentoring schemes; the promotion of professional careers for women in scientific domains - in this context, MEPs suggest that measures such as obligatory targets for female researchers and professors are essential to achieving gender balance in science; a fairer remuneration policy for female scientists and a provision for research funds targeted at women to counter the under funding of women in research; the establishment (in universities) of special programmes increasing young girls' and women's interest in starting scientific careers and the implementation of programmes for coaching and supporting young women scientists in participating in research programmes and grant applications; the networking among female scientists at national, regional and EU level, in order to strengthen the position of women and to encourage them to participate in the policy debate. Moreover, MEPs note that an excessively high proportion of female scientists abandon their career at some point along the ‘leaking pipeline’ model. It is for this reason that MEPs call for this phenomenon to be analysed on the basis of ‘push and pull factors’ and for the competent authorities to formulate possible solutions to improve the working environment for female scientists and to better take into account family responsibilities. Lastly, they call for measures that better support the mobility of women in order to guarantee them a more advantageous career progression.
  • date: 2008-04-22T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-165&language=EN title: A6-0165/2008
  • date: 2008-05-20T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20080520&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2008-05-21T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=14929&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2008-05-21T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-221 title: T6-0221/2008 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 416 votes to 75, with 164 abstentions, a resolution on women and science. The own initiative report had been tabled for consideration in plenary by Britta THOMSEN (PES, DK) on behalf of the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality. The Parliament recalls that research represents a crucial sector for the economic development of the European Union but that, in this domain, women are a minority, as female researchers comprise an average of 35% of researchers working in the public sector and an average of only 18% of researchers working in the private sector. As a result of this observation, the Parliament calls on Member States to promote science as an interesting field for both sexes, from an early age, particularly amongst women. It considers that it is essential to fight against gender stereotypes, which are still present in the research sector. It encourages universities and faculties to analyse all forms of implicit gender discrimination and to resolve these issues. To encourage a better integration of women in the research sector and in the field of science in general, a series of measures have been put forward. These measures can be summarised as follows: combating terrorism : a revision of the ‘good researcher’ model by identifying the differences between male and female scientific careers and by stressing that female researchers also contribute to the world of research; better work-life balance : measures are called for to offer them flexible working hours, improved child-care facilities, more favourable parental leave conditions,…; study grants : the establishment of a system for grants for doctoral studies which better respects the national maternity leave provisions (in effect, the age limits for the award of grants adversely affect young women who are mothers or who are looking after dependants; therefore, it is necessary to allow one year to be added to the deadline for applications for each year in which a dependant is looked after); recruitment of women to decision-making positions : a revision of recruitment procedures in order to increase the presence of women in senior posts in universities and education authorities (the Plenary criticises, in this respect, the unambitious and insufficient EU target of 25% of women in leading positions in public-sector research; gender equality should therefore imply a rate of at least 40% of women); furthermore, there are calls for more transparent recruitment processes and for an obligation to ensure gender balance in evaluation panels, selection and all other committees, as well as nominated panels and committees with a non-binding target of at least 40 % women (and at least 40 % men); awareness : it is necessary to raise awareness amongst the scientific community and policy makers of equal opportunities in science and research (top-level commitment is vital for achieving gender equality in research, and such a commitment must be expressed at national and institutional level); it is also important for universities, research institutes and private businesses to adopt and enforce equality strategies; Member States must also be encouraged to promote awareness-raising actions to inform and encourage girls to pursue scientific and technological university studies and degrees; participation of women in scientific research programmes : the Commission is called upon to ensure that attention is paid to the participation of women in scientific research programmes by providing targeted gender-awareness training for those in decision-making positions, those sitting on advisory boards and evaluation panels, those drafting invitations to tender as well as tenders, and those leading contract negotiations; the Commission is also called upon to ensure that in tenders submitted under FP7 there is a balanced representation of men and women and that gender action plans be developed at the proposal and evaluation stage of FP7; promotion of professional careers for women in scientific domains : it is also proposed to encourage female researchers and to further develop support and mentoring schemes, given that the development of support structures for career guidance and the provision of advice to female scientists would produce particularly positive results; it is also necessary to encourage greater participation of women in fields such as technology, physics, engineering, computer science and other domains; remuneration policy : it is vital that a fairer remuneration policy for female scientists be promoted and that research funds specifically targeted at women be provided to counter the under funding of women in research (the principle of equal pay should also apply to scholarships and grants); networking among female scientists : this should take place at national, regional and EU level; networks should be established to strengthen the position of women and to encourage them to participate in the policy debate.
  • date: 2008-05-21T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
links
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/social/ title: Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion commissioner: ŠPIDLA Vladimír
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
FEMM/6/53527
New
  • FEMM/6/53527
procedure/legal_basis/0
Rules of Procedure EP 052
procedure/legal_basis/0
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 052
procedure/subject
Old
  • 3.50 Research and technological development (RTD)
  • 4.10.04 Gender equality
New
3.50
Research and technological development and space
4.10.04
Gender equality
procedure/subject/0
Old
3.50 Research and technological development RTD
New
3.50 Research and technological development (RTD)
activities
  • date: 2007-09-27T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: FEMM date: 2007-06-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: PSE name: THOMSEN Britta body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-12-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DOVER Den
  • date: 2008-04-14T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: True committee: FEMM date: 2007-06-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: PSE name: THOMSEN Britta body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-12-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DOVER Den type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2008-04-22T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-165&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading title: A6-0165/2008 body: EP type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date: 2008-05-20T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20080520&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2008-05-21T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=14929&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-221 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0221/2008 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
committees
  • body: EP responsible: True committee: FEMM date: 2007-06-27T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: PSE name: THOMSEN Britta
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: ITRE date: 2007-12-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: DOVER Den
links
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/social/ title: Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion commissioner: ŠPIDLA Vladimír
procedure
dossier_of_the_committee
FEMM/6/53527
reference
2007/2206(INI)
title
Women and science
legal_basis
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 052
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Initiative
type
INI - Own-initiative procedure
subject