BETA


2007/2210(INI) Organ donation and transplantation: policy actions at EU level

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ENVI ADAMOU Adamos (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Committee Opinion AFET
Committee Opinion JURI GARGANI Giuseppe (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Committee Opinion LIBE BAUER Edit (icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2008/06/25
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2008/05/28
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2008/04/22
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2008/04/22
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted, by 653 votes to 14 with 16 abstentions, a resolution on organ donation and transplantation: Policy actions at EU level, in response to the Commission Communication on the subject. The own-initiative report had been tabled for consideration in plenary by Adamos ADAMOU (GUE/NGL, CY), on behalf of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. Parliament welcomed the Communication which proposes an integrated approach, based on three pillars.

Concerned with guaranteeing the quality and safety of organ donation and transplantation, MEPs await a proposal for a Directive from the Commission establishing the quality and safety requirements for the donation, procurement, verification, preservation, transport and distribution of organs in the European Union and anticipating the resources to fulfil these requirements. However, they emphasise that the future legal framework must not: place additional administrative responsibility on Member States or on service providers; challenge the use of existing good practice, or include requirements which would lead to a lower number of potential and actual donors.

Expressing their concern regarding the scarcity of human organs available for transplantation, MEPs await an action plan from the Commission aiming to strengthen cooperation between Member States in order to: (i) increase organ availability; (ii) strengthen the efficiency and accessibility of transplantation systems; (iii) increase public awareness; and (iv) guarantee quality and safety.

Parliament underlines that the establishment of well-structured operational systems in the Member States or between them is extremely important.

With regard to increasing the availability of organs , Parliament invites Member States to adopt legislation enabling the appointment of a legal representative who can decide on donation after a person's death. It calls on Member States to achieve the full potential of post-mortem donations through a series of measures which Parliament recommends. These include financially supporting hospitals in the appointment of in-house transplant coordinators (doctors working inside the intensive care units who are supported by a medical team), whose task would be actively to identify potential donors and approach their families.

Parliament asks Member States to remove, before January 2010, legislation that reserves donor organs for use solely within that Member State. It stresses the importance of financing organ procurement and transplantation under a dedicated budget line, so as not to make transplantation a disincentive for hospitals. Members go on to underline the need to ensure that organ donations stay strictly non-commercial. Any payments between donors and recipients must be confined solely to compensation strictly limited to making good the expense associated with the donation. Member States must adopt strict legal provisions, in order to exclude the possibility of illicit organ selling or coercion of donors. Parliament also urges Member States to ensure that living donors are not discriminated against, in particular by insurance systems.

With regard to improving the efficiency and accessibility of transplantation systems , Parliament notes that, although several Member States have introduced compulsory registration of transplant activities, there is no comprehensive system for the collection of data on the different types of transplantation and their outcomes. It strongly recommends the creation of national follow-up registers of living donors, transplanted patients and transplant procedures, and stresses the importance of ensuring the comparability of the data between Member States. Parliament makes a series of recommendations for Commission action, including the creation of a European mechanism to promote coordination activities between Member States regarding organ donation and transplantation. It calls for an EU donor card, complementary to existing national systems.

It underlines the importance of increasing public awareness of organ donation and transplantation and calls on the Commission, Member States and civil society to enhance structurally the promotion of organ donation, inter alia among youngsters in schools. Parliament favours the establishment of a transplant hotline with a single telephone number which is managed by a national transplantation organisation, where such an organisation exists, and staffed 24 hours per day by appropriately trained professionals.

Lastly, MEPs highlight that organ trafficking undermines the credibility of the system for potential voluntary and unpaid donors. In order to combat the practice of organ selling for money (especially in countries of the developing world), mechanisms of traceability should be put in place so as to prevent those organs from entering the EU. The Commission and Member States are called to take measures to prevent ‘transplant tourism’, notably by enacting guidelines which aim to protect the poorest and most vulnerable donors from becoming victims of organ trafficking, and by adopting measures to increase the availability of legally procured organs. Those responsible for organ trafficking must be subject to prosecution, including sanctions for medical staff involved in transplantation of organs obtained from trafficking.

Documents
2008/04/22
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2008/04/21
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2008/04/01
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2008/04/01
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Documents
2008/03/26
   EP - Vote in committee
Details

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the own-initiative report by Adamos ADAMOU (GUE/NGL, CY), welcoming the Commission’s communication “Organ Donation and Transplantation: Policy Actions at EU level”, which proposes an integrated approach, based on three pillars.

Concerned with guaranteeing the quality and safety of organ donation and transplantation, MEPs await a proposal for a Directive from the Commission establishing the quality and safety requirements for the donation, procurement, verification, preservation, transport and distribution of organs in the European Union and anticipating the resources to fulfil these requirements. However, they emphasise that the future legal framework must not: place additional administrative responsibility on Member States or on service providers; challenge the use of existing good practice, or include requirements which would lead to a lower number of potential and actual donors.

Expressing their concern regarding the scarcity of human organs available for transplantation compared to the needs of patients, MEPs await an action plan from the Commission aiming to strengthen cooperation between Member States in order to: (i) increase the availability of organs; (ii) strengthen the efficiency and accessibility of transplantation systems; (iii) increase public awareness; and (iv) guarantee quality and security.

The report underlines that the establishment of well-structured operational systems and the promotion of tested models, in the Member States or between them, or failing that, at international level, are extremely important. In order to increase the availability of organs, MEPs call on Member States to fully invest in the improvement of their organisational system:

by increasing awareness among medical staff and paramedics and by ensuring their education and training; by financially assisting hospitals to hire “internal transplantation coordinators” responsible for actively identifying potential donors and making contact with their family; by introducing quality improvement programmes in each hospital or group of hospitals in Europe.

In addition, the parliamentary committee insists that organ donations remain strictly without commercial gain . It endorses measures which aim to protect donors and to ensure that organ donation is chosen selflessly and on a voluntary basis, preventing any payment between donor and recipient, other than a compensation payment, which is strictly limited to reimbursing any expenses or inconvenience due to the operation.

Member States are called to adopt strict legislative provisions concerning transplantations to ensure the transparency of the system and that all possibility of selling organs illegally or coercive action towards donors is avoided. Moreover, the Commission is called upon to promote research in the field of biotechnology , which could provide researchers with a means of reconstituting organs from tissues or cells of the patients themselves.

In order to improve the efficiency and accessibility of transplantation systems, the report strongly argues for the creation of national registers to monitor living donors, patients with a transplant and transplant procedures. In this context, the Commission is called to:

facilitate the development of a set of technical and ethical standards relating to the management of security, quality and the efficiency of organ donation, in the case of a donation followed by a transplant, this set of standards could be used by Member States as a model; create a European mechanism to promote coordination activities between Member States regarding organ donation and transplantation; enable closer association between national transplant organisations of Member States, which necessitates cooperation at legal, ethic, and technical levels.

MEPs call for the creation of a European organ donor card to be added to current national systems. They also note that to ensure the rapid identification of organs, it is vital to encourage those who are not suitable donors to be in possession of a card signalling this. Furthermore, MEPs call on Member States to anticipate, in their legislation, the possibility of appointing a legal representative authorised to make a decision in terms of donation after death.

The report also emphasises the importance of increasing public awareness regarding organ donation and transplantation, and calls on the Commission, Member States and organisations in civil society, churches and religious or humanist communities, to participate in this endeavour. They also are in favour of the creation of a special transplant telephone line, with a single hotline number, which would be managed by the national transplant organisation, when such an organisation exists, and entrusted to a well trained and experienced team of professionals who could provide accurate and specific information (medical and legal) to all those concerned 24 hours a day.

Lastly, MEPs highlight that organ trafficking undermines the credibility of the system for eventual voluntary unpaid donors. The Commission and Member States are called to take measures to prevent ‘transplant tourism’, notably by enacting guidelines which aim to protect the poorest and most vulnerable donors from becoming victims of organ trafficking, and by adopting measures to increase the availability of organs that have been lawfully obtained. Moreover, Member States are called to take all necessary measures to ensure that those responsible for organ trafficking are subject to legal prosecution, and to prevent healthcare services from encouraging those activities that benefit directly or indirectly from organ trafficking, for example by reimbursing costs to obtain an illegal organ transplant.

2008/02/28
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2008/02/27
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2008/02/11
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2008/01/15
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2007/11/19
   EP - GARGANI Giuseppe (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
2007/10/03
   EP - BAUER Edit (PPE-DE) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE
2007/09/27
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2007/07/17
   EP - ADAMOU Adamos (GUE/NGL) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2007/05/30
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2007/05/30
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2007/05/30
   EC - Non-legislative basic document published
Details

PURPOSE : to propose a set of EU policy actions on organ donation and transplantation.

CONTENT : organ donation and transplantation is a complex and sensitive issue, with an important ethical dimension. Policies on organ donation vary across the Member States depending on cultural, legal, administrative and organisational issues.

The excellent results of transplants, in terms of life years gained and in terms of improved quality of life have multiplied the indications of these therapies. There are, however, risks associated with organ donation particularly the risk of disease transmission. On the other hand, the shortage of donors affects transplantation programmes. Nearly 40 000 patients are now on waiting lists in Europe. Mortality rates while waiting for a heart, liver or lung transplant range from 15-30%. There are large differences in the deceased and living organ donor rate within the EU. These differences cannot be easily explained. Even among EU countries with well-developed services, there are considerable differences in organ donation and transplantation activity and it would appear that some organisational models are performing better than others. A further concern associated with organ donation is the trafficking of human organs by criminal gangs, who track down and remove organs in developing countries and hand them on to recipients within the European Union.

In short, therefore, the challenges facing organ donation are:

Transplant risks : the risk of diseases being transmitted to the recipients such as HIV, hepatitis B and C, bacteria, fungi, parasites and different types of cancers. Organ shortages : The severe shortage of organ donors remains the main challenge facing EU Member States. Every day nearly ten patients die waiting for an organ in European societies. Organ trafficking : While current estimations indicate that organ trafficking remains relatively modest in Europe, the issue is nevertheless of serious political and ethical concern.

In recent years, the Commission has put considerable effort into supporting organ transplantation under various Community programmes. A large number of projects have been funded, the result of which have generated a considerable amount of information. In June 2006 the Commission launched an open consultation on organ donation and transplantation. Based on the outcome of this consultation, the Commission now proposes that new initiatives be taken, at a Community level, that seek to alleviate the challenges identified. In summary, the new initiatives are as follows:

Improving safety and quality: The Commission will define the precise, balanced scope of the EU legal framework on quality and safety for human organs taking account of Member State consultations. The framework must be backed- up by inter-Member State co-operation.

Increasing organ availability: The Commission will seek to boost Member State co-operation to allow for the exchange of experience and best practices with a view to establishing the most efficient systems.

Making transplantation systems more efficient and accessible: Initiatives in this area will focus on identifying the most efficient systems, sharing experience and promoting best practices in accordance with local needs. Member States, whose transplant systems have yet to reach their full potential, could be supported and guided in their efforts to improve patient care.

Action plan on strengthened co-operation between the Member States : Analysis of organ transplantation in the EU reveals large differences in the organ donor rate within the EU. Differences in transplantation activity have also been identified. These differences can not be easily explained and it is clear that some models are performing better than others. The Commission, will therefore, identify which models work the best and support its application throughout the EU, while respecting cultural and organisation diversity.

EU legal instruments on quality and safety of organ donation and transplantation : The Community has already adopted a Directive on the quality and safety standards for blood, tissues and cells. A possible European Directive setting quality standards for organs could also be envisioned that addresses similar topics – but which takes account of issues uniquely linked to organ donation. Such a legislative act would be based on a separate impact assessment. A future legislative act could include the following elements:

Establishing national oversight authorities responsible for implementing the Directive. Setting common quality and safety standards. Authorising programmes on organ donation and procurement. Setting provisions on the effective preservation and transportation of organs. Setting provisions on traceability. Establishing a procedure for reporting serious adverse events and reactions. Establishing control measure and inspection procedures. Ensuring a complete characterisation of the organ to allow transplant team to undertake risk assessments.

Documents

Activities

Votes

Rapport Adamou A6-0090/2008 - résolution #

2008/04/22 Outcome: +: 653, 0: 16, -: 14
DE FR IT ES GB PL RO EL NL HU CZ PT BE BG FI AT SK LT DK SE IE LV SI EE LU CY MT
Total
88
68
53
50
68
51
28
23
23
21
22
19
20
16
13
17
13
12
13
16
12
9
7
6
6
5
4
icon: PPE-DE PPE-DE
252
2

Denmark PPE-DE

1

Estonia PPE-DE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE-DE

3

Cyprus PPE-DE

2

Malta PPE-DE

2
icon: PSE PSE
184

Czechia PSE

2

Lithuania PSE

2

Ireland PSE

1

Slovenia PSE

For (1)

1

Estonia PSE

3

Luxembourg PSE

For (1)

1

Malta PSE

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
90

Spain ALDE

1
2

Austria ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

1

Latvia ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Estonia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Cyprus ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
39

Italy Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Romania Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
36

France GUE/NGL

2

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

2

Finland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: UEN UEN
35

Lithuania UEN

1

Denmark UEN

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
28

Italy NI

2

United Kingdom NI

5

Czechia NI

1

Belgium NI

Against (1)

3

Austria NI

2
icon: IND/DEM IND/DEM
19

Poland IND/DEM

3

Greece IND/DEM

1

Netherlands IND/DEM

2

Denmark IND/DEM

1

Sweden IND/DEM

2

Ireland IND/DEM

For (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
26 2007/2210(INI)
2008/02/15 LIBE 26 amendments...
source: PE-402.555

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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2007-10-03T00:00:00
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name: BAUER Edit group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats abbr: PPE-DE
committees/3
body
EP
responsible
False
committee
LIBE
date
2007-10-03T00:00:00
committee_full
Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs
rapporteur
group: PPE-DE name: BAUER Edit
docs
  • date: 2007-05-30T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2007/0704/COM_SEC(2007)0704_EN.pdf title: SEC(2007)0704 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=SECfinal&an_doc=2007&nu_doc=704 title: EUR-Lex type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2007-05-30T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/sec/2007/0705/COM_SEC(2007)0705_EN.pdf title: SEC(2007)0705 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=SECfinal&an_doc=2007&nu_doc=705 title: EUR-Lex type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2008-01-15T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE398.666 title: PE398.666 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2008-02-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE400.651 title: PE400.651 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2008-02-27T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE398.622&secondRef=02 title: PE398.622 committee: LIBE type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2008-02-28T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE400.324&secondRef=02 title: PE400.324 committee: JURI type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2008-04-01T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-90&language=EN title: A6-0090/2008 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP
  • date: 2008-05-28T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=14826&j=1&l=en title: SP(2008)3169 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
  • date: 2008-06-25T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=14826&j=0&l=en title: SP(2008)3407 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
events
  • date: 2007-05-30T00:00:00 type: Non-legislative basic document published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0275/COM_COM(2007)0275_EN.pdf title: COM(2007)0275 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2007&nu_doc=275 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE : to propose a set of EU policy actions on organ donation and transplantation. CONTENT : organ donation and transplantation is a complex and sensitive issue, with an important ethical dimension. Policies on organ donation vary across the Member States depending on cultural, legal, administrative and organisational issues. The excellent results of transplants, in terms of life years gained and in terms of improved quality of life have multiplied the indications of these therapies. There are, however, risks associated with organ donation particularly the risk of disease transmission. On the other hand, the shortage of donors affects transplantation programmes. Nearly 40 000 patients are now on waiting lists in Europe. Mortality rates while waiting for a heart, liver or lung transplant range from 15-30%. There are large differences in the deceased and living organ donor rate within the EU. These differences cannot be easily explained. Even among EU countries with well-developed services, there are considerable differences in organ donation and transplantation activity and it would appear that some organisational models are performing better than others. A further concern associated with organ donation is the trafficking of human organs by criminal gangs, who track down and remove organs in developing countries and hand them on to recipients within the European Union. In short, therefore, the challenges facing organ donation are: Transplant risks : the risk of diseases being transmitted to the recipients such as HIV, hepatitis B and C, bacteria, fungi, parasites and different types of cancers. Organ shortages : The severe shortage of organ donors remains the main challenge facing EU Member States. Every day nearly ten patients die waiting for an organ in European societies. Organ trafficking : While current estimations indicate that organ trafficking remains relatively modest in Europe, the issue is nevertheless of serious political and ethical concern. In recent years, the Commission has put considerable effort into supporting organ transplantation under various Community programmes. A large number of projects have been funded, the result of which have generated a considerable amount of information. In June 2006 the Commission launched an open consultation on organ donation and transplantation. Based on the outcome of this consultation, the Commission now proposes that new initiatives be taken, at a Community level, that seek to alleviate the challenges identified. In summary, the new initiatives are as follows: Improving safety and quality: The Commission will define the precise, balanced scope of the EU legal framework on quality and safety for human organs taking account of Member State consultations. The framework must be backed- up by inter-Member State co-operation. Increasing organ availability: The Commission will seek to boost Member State co-operation to allow for the exchange of experience and best practices with a view to establishing the most efficient systems. Making transplantation systems more efficient and accessible: Initiatives in this area will focus on identifying the most efficient systems, sharing experience and promoting best practices in accordance with local needs. Member States, whose transplant systems have yet to reach their full potential, could be supported and guided in their efforts to improve patient care. Action plan on strengthened co-operation between the Member States : Analysis of organ transplantation in the EU reveals large differences in the organ donor rate within the EU. Differences in transplantation activity have also been identified. These differences can not be easily explained and it is clear that some models are performing better than others. The Commission, will therefore, identify which models work the best and support its application throughout the EU, while respecting cultural and organisation diversity. EU legal instruments on quality and safety of organ donation and transplantation : The Community has already adopted a Directive on the quality and safety standards for blood, tissues and cells. A possible European Directive setting quality standards for organs could also be envisioned that addresses similar topics – but which takes account of issues uniquely linked to organ donation. Such a legislative act would be based on a separate impact assessment. A future legislative act could include the following elements: Establishing national oversight authorities responsible for implementing the Directive. Setting common quality and safety standards. Authorising programmes on organ donation and procurement. Setting provisions on the effective preservation and transportation of organs. Setting provisions on traceability. Establishing a procedure for reporting serious adverse events and reactions. Establishing control measure and inspection procedures. Ensuring a complete characterisation of the organ to allow transplant team to undertake risk assessments.
  • date: 2007-09-27T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2008-03-26T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP summary: The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the own-initiative report by Adamos ADAMOU (GUE/NGL, CY), welcoming the Commission’s communication “Organ Donation and Transplantation: Policy Actions at EU level”, which proposes an integrated approach, based on three pillars. Concerned with guaranteeing the quality and safety of organ donation and transplantation, MEPs await a proposal for a Directive from the Commission establishing the quality and safety requirements for the donation, procurement, verification, preservation, transport and distribution of organs in the European Union and anticipating the resources to fulfil these requirements. However, they emphasise that the future legal framework must not: place additional administrative responsibility on Member States or on service providers; challenge the use of existing good practice, or include requirements which would lead to a lower number of potential and actual donors. Expressing their concern regarding the scarcity of human organs available for transplantation compared to the needs of patients, MEPs await an action plan from the Commission aiming to strengthen cooperation between Member States in order to: (i) increase the availability of organs; (ii) strengthen the efficiency and accessibility of transplantation systems; (iii) increase public awareness; and (iv) guarantee quality and security. The report underlines that the establishment of well-structured operational systems and the promotion of tested models, in the Member States or between them, or failing that, at international level, are extremely important. In order to increase the availability of organs, MEPs call on Member States to fully invest in the improvement of their organisational system: by increasing awareness among medical staff and paramedics and by ensuring their education and training; by financially assisting hospitals to hire “internal transplantation coordinators” responsible for actively identifying potential donors and making contact with their family; by introducing quality improvement programmes in each hospital or group of hospitals in Europe. In addition, the parliamentary committee insists that organ donations remain strictly without commercial gain . It endorses measures which aim to protect donors and to ensure that organ donation is chosen selflessly and on a voluntary basis, preventing any payment between donor and recipient, other than a compensation payment, which is strictly limited to reimbursing any expenses or inconvenience due to the operation. Member States are called to adopt strict legislative provisions concerning transplantations to ensure the transparency of the system and that all possibility of selling organs illegally or coercive action towards donors is avoided. Moreover, the Commission is called upon to promote research in the field of biotechnology , which could provide researchers with a means of reconstituting organs from tissues or cells of the patients themselves. In order to improve the efficiency and accessibility of transplantation systems, the report strongly argues for the creation of national registers to monitor living donors, patients with a transplant and transplant procedures. In this context, the Commission is called to: facilitate the development of a set of technical and ethical standards relating to the management of security, quality and the efficiency of organ donation, in the case of a donation followed by a transplant, this set of standards could be used by Member States as a model; create a European mechanism to promote coordination activities between Member States regarding organ donation and transplantation; enable closer association between national transplant organisations of Member States, which necessitates cooperation at legal, ethic, and technical levels. MEPs call for the creation of a European organ donor card to be added to current national systems. They also note that to ensure the rapid identification of organs, it is vital to encourage those who are not suitable donors to be in possession of a card signalling this. Furthermore, MEPs call on Member States to anticipate, in their legislation, the possibility of appointing a legal representative authorised to make a decision in terms of donation after death. The report also emphasises the importance of increasing public awareness regarding organ donation and transplantation, and calls on the Commission, Member States and organisations in civil society, churches and religious or humanist communities, to participate in this endeavour. They also are in favour of the creation of a special transplant telephone line, with a single hotline number, which would be managed by the national transplant organisation, when such an organisation exists, and entrusted to a well trained and experienced team of professionals who could provide accurate and specific information (medical and legal) to all those concerned 24 hours a day. Lastly, MEPs highlight that organ trafficking undermines the credibility of the system for eventual voluntary unpaid donors. The Commission and Member States are called to take measures to prevent ‘transplant tourism’, notably by enacting guidelines which aim to protect the poorest and most vulnerable donors from becoming victims of organ trafficking, and by adopting measures to increase the availability of organs that have been lawfully obtained. Moreover, Member States are called to take all necessary measures to ensure that those responsible for organ trafficking are subject to legal prosecution, and to prevent healthcare services from encouraging those activities that benefit directly or indirectly from organ trafficking, for example by reimbursing costs to obtain an illegal organ transplant.
  • date: 2008-04-01T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-90&language=EN title: A6-0090/2008
  • date: 2008-04-21T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20080421&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2008-04-22T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=14826&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2008-04-22T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-130 title: T6-0130/2008 summary: The European Parliament adopted, by 653 votes to 14 with 16 abstentions, a resolution on organ donation and transplantation: Policy actions at EU level, in response to the Commission Communication on the subject. The own-initiative report had been tabled for consideration in plenary by Adamos ADAMOU (GUE/NGL, CY), on behalf of the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. Parliament welcomed the Communication which proposes an integrated approach, based on three pillars. Concerned with guaranteeing the quality and safety of organ donation and transplantation, MEPs await a proposal for a Directive from the Commission establishing the quality and safety requirements for the donation, procurement, verification, preservation, transport and distribution of organs in the European Union and anticipating the resources to fulfil these requirements. However, they emphasise that the future legal framework must not: place additional administrative responsibility on Member States or on service providers; challenge the use of existing good practice, or include requirements which would lead to a lower number of potential and actual donors. Expressing their concern regarding the scarcity of human organs available for transplantation, MEPs await an action plan from the Commission aiming to strengthen cooperation between Member States in order to: (i) increase organ availability; (ii) strengthen the efficiency and accessibility of transplantation systems; (iii) increase public awareness; and (iv) guarantee quality and safety. Parliament underlines that the establishment of well-structured operational systems in the Member States or between them is extremely important. With regard to increasing the availability of organs , Parliament invites Member States to adopt legislation enabling the appointment of a legal representative who can decide on donation after a person's death. It calls on Member States to achieve the full potential of post-mortem donations through a series of measures which Parliament recommends. These include financially supporting hospitals in the appointment of in-house transplant coordinators (doctors working inside the intensive care units who are supported by a medical team), whose task would be actively to identify potential donors and approach their families. Parliament asks Member States to remove, before January 2010, legislation that reserves donor organs for use solely within that Member State. It stresses the importance of financing organ procurement and transplantation under a dedicated budget line, so as not to make transplantation a disincentive for hospitals. Members go on to underline the need to ensure that organ donations stay strictly non-commercial. Any payments between donors and recipients must be confined solely to compensation strictly limited to making good the expense associated with the donation. Member States must adopt strict legal provisions, in order to exclude the possibility of illicit organ selling or coercion of donors. Parliament also urges Member States to ensure that living donors are not discriminated against, in particular by insurance systems. With regard to improving the efficiency and accessibility of transplantation systems , Parliament notes that, although several Member States have introduced compulsory registration of transplant activities, there is no comprehensive system for the collection of data on the different types of transplantation and their outcomes. It strongly recommends the creation of national follow-up registers of living donors, transplanted patients and transplant procedures, and stresses the importance of ensuring the comparability of the data between Member States. Parliament makes a series of recommendations for Commission action, including the creation of a European mechanism to promote coordination activities between Member States regarding organ donation and transplantation. It calls for an EU donor card, complementary to existing national systems. It underlines the importance of increasing public awareness of organ donation and transplantation and calls on the Commission, Member States and civil society to enhance structurally the promotion of organ donation, inter alia among youngsters in schools. Parliament favours the establishment of a transplant hotline with a single telephone number which is managed by a national transplantation organisation, where such an organisation exists, and staffed 24 hours per day by appropriately trained professionals. Lastly, MEPs highlight that organ trafficking undermines the credibility of the system for potential voluntary and unpaid donors. In order to combat the practice of organ selling for money (especially in countries of the developing world), mechanisms of traceability should be put in place so as to prevent those organs from entering the EU. The Commission and Member States are called to take measures to prevent ‘transplant tourism’, notably by enacting guidelines which aim to protect the poorest and most vulnerable donors from becoming victims of organ trafficking, and by adopting measures to increase the availability of legally procured organs. Those responsible for organ trafficking must be subject to prosecution, including sanctions for medical staff involved in transplantation of organs obtained from trafficking.
  • date: 2008-04-22T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
links
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_consumer/index_en.htm title: Health and Consumers commissioner: KYPRIANOU Markos
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
ENVI/6/50459
New
  • ENVI/6/50459
procedure/legal_basis/0
Rules of Procedure EP 052
procedure/legal_basis/0
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 052
procedure/subject
Old
  • 4.20.05 Health legislation and policy
New
4.20.05
Health legislation and policy
activities
  • date: 2007-05-30T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2007/0275/COM_COM(2007)0275_EN.pdf title: COM(2007)0275 type: Non-legislative basic document published celexid: CELEX:52007DC0275:EN body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_consumer/index_en.htm title: Health and Consumers Commissioner: KYPRIANOU Markos type: Non-legislative basic document published
  • date: 2007-09-27T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Foreign Affairs committee: AFET body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2007-07-17T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: GUE/NGL name: ADAMOU Adamos body: EP responsible: False committee: JURI date: 2007-11-19T00:00:00 committee_full: Legal Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: GARGANI Giuseppe body: EP responsible: False committee: LIBE date: 2007-10-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: BAUER Edit
  • date: 2008-03-26T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Foreign Affairs committee: AFET body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2007-07-17T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: GUE/NGL name: ADAMOU Adamos body: EP responsible: False committee: JURI date: 2007-11-19T00:00:00 committee_full: Legal Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: GARGANI Giuseppe body: EP responsible: False committee: LIBE date: 2007-10-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: BAUER Edit type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2008-04-01T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A6-2008-90&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading title: A6-0090/2008 body: EP type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date: 2008-04-21T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20080421&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2008-04-22T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=14826&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P6-TA-2008-130 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T6-0130/2008 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Foreign Affairs committee: AFET
  • body: EP responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2007-07-17T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: GUE/NGL name: ADAMOU Adamos
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: JURI date: 2007-11-19T00:00:00 committee_full: Legal Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: GARGANI Giuseppe
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: LIBE date: 2007-10-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE-DE name: BAUER Edit
links
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_consumer/index_en.htm title: Health and Consumers commissioner: KYPRIANOU Markos
procedure
dossier_of_the_committee
ENVI/6/50459
reference
2007/2210(INI)
title
Organ donation and transplantation: policy actions at EU level
legal_basis
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 052
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Strategic initiative
type
INI - Own-initiative procedure
subject
4.20.05 Health legislation and policy