BETA


2010/2096(INI) Setting up an EU rapid response capability

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead DEVE ZANICCHI Iva (icon: PPE PPE) GUERRERO SALOM Enrique (icon: S&D S&D), DONSKIS Leonidas (icon: ALDE ALDE), SARGENTINI Judith (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion AFET WEBER Renate (icon: ALDE ALDE) Sabine LÖSING (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), Ioan Mircea PAŞCU (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion ENVI
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 134

Events

2011/05/06
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2010/12/14
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2010/12/14
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 557 votes to 32, with 72 abstentions, a recommendation to the Council on setting up an EU rapid response capability.

The resolution underlines that disasters causing significant human, economic and environmental damage are on the increase worldwide and they are happening with greater impact, frequency and scope in more parts of the world, mainly due to the effects of climate change. However, the multiplication and greater frequency of interventions inside and outside the European Union are compounded by the global financial situation and budgetary constraints which underline the need for more cost effective operations.

Progress has been made in recent years towards a more coherent EU disaster response, notably through progressive strengthening of the civil protection mechanism. The European Union's response to the earthquake in Haiti triggered a rapid, significant and large scale humanitarian aid intervention.

However, Parliament considers that lessons learned from recent crises continue to demonstrate the need to improve the EU's disaster response in terms of efficiency, coordination and visibility, and whereas these disasters have once again highlighted the need for an EU rapid response capability ( European civil protection force ). It calls for the immediate establishment of an EU Civil Protection Force which must be adequately equipped with the necessary technological and technical resources .

Parliament recommends that the EU civil protection force be based on the principles that it should:

be based on an assessment of needs, with the participation of all humanitarian actors; be civilian; operate under the banner of the EU; observe international humanitarian law; respect the voluntary nature of the Member States‘ participation in the intended arrangements; be based on the principle of burden-sharing; be open to contributions from non-EU countries; recognise the UN's overall role in coordinating international relief outside the territory of the European Union; be organised on a preventive basis, according to specific scenarios.

Parliament considers that the EU civil protection force should build on the EU Civil Protection mechanism, should optimise the tools available, which would gain in efficiency and visibility, should involve the voluntary pooling of existing logistical and human resources with regard both to disaster-response training and disaster management by developing initiatives taken during preparatory actions, and it should be capable of providing initial aid within 24 hours of the occurrence of a disaster.

Against this background, Parliament addresses the following recommendations to the Council:

it urges the Council to strengthen the EU’s disaster response capacity as a high priority, especially in view of the discussions on setting up an EU Civil Protection Force, and to follow up the European Parliament’s repeated requests that the proposals put forward in the Barnier report in 2006 should be implemented; it calls for the immediate establishment of an EU Civil Protection Force which must be adequately equipped with the necessary technological and technical resources; calls also, in the context of operations following a natural disaster, for better coordination between the humanitarian agencies and the civil protection mechanisms of the Member States and DG ECHO, and any future European civil protection force; it urges the Commission to develop programs with national governments, local authorities and civil society organisations in beneficiary countries with regard to community-based disaster prevention and response management capacity;

On a structural and financial level , the European civil protection force should be based on:

the commitment by some Member States to voluntarily make available pre-determined civil protection modules that are ready to intervene immediately in EU operations coordinated by the MIC, that most of these modules, which are already available nationally and thus would not entail significant additional costs, would remain under their control, and that the deployment of these modules placed on standby would form the nucleus of the EU’s civil protection system for responding to disasters inside and outside the EU; the provision of additional civil protection modules which could be financed by the EU for certain specific requirements where gaps have been identified and where the European level would add value, and stresses the importance of increasing funding for transport and developing standby transport modules; the need to develop a comprehensive and proactive approach in response to disasters, coordinating the various means of action available to the Union and its Member States, such as crisis management (civil and military), financial assistance and development or social and environmental policies. Parliament believes in this context that the transition between disaster response and post-disaster reconstruction should be managed more efficiently.

Others proposals are outlined in the resolution. They suggest:

the Council to adopt, under the ordinary legislative procedure, measures (to be proposed by the Commission) for improving the predictability and the forward-planning capacity of the current EU civil protection mechanism , which is currently based on ad-hoc and voluntary contributions from Member States: these measures may include arrangements tested under the EU Preparatory Action including EU-level assets, voluntary pooling of resources , mapping of existing capacities, identification of scenarios and the development of further training activities; calling for realistic budgets in which appropriations for natural disasters or humanitarian action are allocated on the basis of previous years' spending.

setting up a European Voluntary Humanitarian Aid Corps in accordance with the provisions of the Lisbon Treaty (Article 214(5)); providing localised coordination efforts, in cooperation with the national government of the affected state, using EU and Member States' representatives on the ground to ensure a targeted and competent response to affected localities; that operations be conducted in compliance with the principles of international law and with the principles of impartiality, neutrality and non-discrimination; clarifying the arrangements for cooperation and coordination between the European External Action Service (EEAS) and the Commission for the management of a large-scale disaster response outside the territory of the European Union; cooperation on the implementation of a visibility action plan that should include concrete measures to enhance the visibility of the EU’s disaster response; using the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) system to keep potential crisis areas under surveillance.

Lastly, Parliament reminds the Council that the use of military assets and capabilities in disaster response , particularly for logistics, transport and infrastructure support for humanitarian aid operations, should be exceptional , used as a ‘last resort’ and always in compliance with existing agreements. Military means often constitute an important contribution to disaster response, along with civil protection and humanitarian aid, and notes that military assets can be necessary for filling critical capacity gaps (particularly strategic lift, specialised assets, heavy engineering and transport). It therefore stresses the need to develop a comprehensive approach and to improve synergies between civil and military capabilities, and to identify areas in which Member States can pool their efforts and capabilities at EU level to contribute to EU disaster response, which is particularly important in a difficult economic climate. The resolution emphasises the need to build up permanently available civilian capabilities in the EU which operate independently from military structures and to identify areas in which Member States can pool their efforts and capabilities at EU level in this respect.

Documents
2010/12/14
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2010/12/01
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2010/12/01
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2010/11/09
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Development adopted the report drafted by Iva ZANICCHI (EPP, IT) which contains a proposal for a European Parliament recommendation to the Council on setting up an EU rapid response capability.

Members recall that the multiplication of major disasters (natural/man made) outside the European Union in recent years has led to increased calls to improve the effectiveness of the existing EU disaster response capacity. The multiplication and greater frequency of interventions inside and outside the European Union are compounded by the global financial situation and budgetary constraints which underline the need for more cost effective operations.

Progress has been made in recent years towards a more coherent EU disaster response, notably through progressive strengthening of the civil protection mechanism. The European Union's response to the earthquake in Haiti triggered not only a rapid, significant and large scale humanitarian aid intervention but also the activation of the civil protection mechanism which was able to deploy immediately and for the first time two modules (a water purification unit and an advanced medical post) financed through a 2008 Preparatory Action for an EU rapid response capability. Lessons learned from recent crises continue to demonstrate the need to improve the EU’s disaster response in terms of efficiency, coordination and visibility.

However, Members consider that these disasters have once again highlighted the need for an EU rapid response capability ( European civil protection force ).

Against this background, the committee addresses the following recommendations to the Council:

it urges the Council to strengthen the EU’s disaster response capacity as a high priority, especially in view of the discussions on setting up an EU Civil Protection Force, and to follow up the European Parliament’s repeated requests that the proposals put forward in the Barnier report in 2006 should be implemented; it calls for the immediate establishment of an EU Civil Protection Force which must be adequately equipped with the necessary technological and technical resources; calls also, in the context of operations following a natural disaster, for better coordination between the humanitarian agencies and the civil protection mechanisms of the Member States and DG ECHO, and any future European civil protection force; it urges the Commission to develop programs with national governments, local authorities and civil society organisations in beneficiary countries with regard to community-based disaster prevention and response management capacity; it encourages the Council to adopt, under the ordinary legislative procedure, measures (to be proposed by the Commission) for improving the predictability and the forward-planning capacity of the current EU civil protection mechanism, which is currently based on ad-hoc and voluntary contributions from Member States: these measures may include arrangements tested under the EU Preparatory Action including EU-level assets, voluntary pooling of resources, mapping of existing capacities, identification of scenarios and the development of further training activities; it calls also for realistic budgets in which appropriations for natural disasters or humanitarian action are allocated on the basis of previous years' spending.

On a structural and financial level, the European civil protection force should be based on:

the commitment by some Member States to voluntarily make available pre-determined civil protection modules that are ready to intervene immediately in EU operations coordinated by the MIC, that most of these modules, which are already available nationally and thus would not entail significant additional costs, would remain under their control, and that the deployment of these modules placed on standby would form the nucleus of the EU’s civil protection system for responding to disasters inside and outside the EU; the provision of additional civil protection modules which could be financed by the EU for certain specific requirements where gaps have been identified and where the European level would add value, and stresses the importance of increasing funding for transport and developing standby transport modules; the need to develop a comprehensive and proactive approach in response to disasters, coordinating the various means of action available to the Union and its Member States, such as crisis management (civil and military), financial assistance and development or social and environmental policies. The committee believes in this context that the transition between disaster response and post-disaster reconstruction should be managed more efficiently.

Others proposals are outlined in the report. They suggest:

setting up a European Voluntary Humanitarian Aid Corps in accordance with the provisions of the Lisbon Treaty (Article 214(5)); providing localised coordination efforts, in cooperation with the national government of the affected state, using EU and Member States' representatives on the ground to ensure a targeted and competent response to affected localities; that operations be conducted in compliance with the principles of international law and with the principles of impartiality, neutrality and non-discrimination; clarifying the arrangements for cooperation and coordination between the European External Action Service (EEAS) and the Commission for the management of a large-scale disaster response outside the territory of the European Union; cooperation on the implementation of a visibility action plan that should include concrete measures to enhance the visibility of the EU’s disaster response; using the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) system to keep potential crisis areas under surveillance.

Lastly, Members remind the Council that the use of military assets and capabilities in disaster response, particularly for logistics, transport and infrastructure support for humanitarian aid operations, should be exceptional, used as a ‘last resort’ and always in compliance with existing agreements. Military means often constitute an important contribution to disaster response, along with civil protection and humanitarian aid, and notes that military assets can be necessary for filling critical capacity gaps (particularly strategic lift, specialised assets, heavy engineering and transport). They therefore stress the need to develop a comprehensive approach and to improve synergies between civil and military capabilities, and to identify areas in which Member States can pool their efforts and capabilities at EU level to contribute to EU disaster response, which is particularly important in a difficult economic climate. The report emphasises the need to build up permanently available civilian capabilities in the EU which operate independently from military structures and to identify areas in which Member States can pool their efforts and capabilities at EU level in this respect.

2010/10/28
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2010/10/18
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2010/10/01
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2010/07/08
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2010/07/01
   EP - WEBER Renate (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in AFET
2010/05/04
   EP - ZANICCHI Iva (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2010/03/23
   EC - Non-legislative basic document published
Details

PURPOSE: to set up an EU rapid response capability.

PROPOSED ACT: Proposal for a European Parliament Recommendation to the Council.

CONTENT: this draft recommendation, submitted by the ALDE group pursuant to Article 121 (1) of the Rules of Procedure, recalls the need for better coordination and pooling of existing humanitarian assistance, within 24 hours of a disaster. It refers to the fact that, following the recent earthquake in Haiti, the Commission for the first time successfully deployed there two modules made available through a preparatory action on an EU rapid response capability, established with Parliament’s support. Accordingly, Parliament addresses the following recommendation to the Council:

that it call on the Commission to bring proposals before Parliament as soon as possible for establishing an EU civil protection force based on the EU Civil Protection Mechanism and enabling the Union to bring together the resources necessary for providing initial emergency humanitarian aid within 24 hours of a disaster; that a European rapid response mechanism should: (i) be civilian and/or humanitarian; (ii) capable of being mobilised at any time and as rapidly as possible; (iii) operate under the banner of the EU; (iv) observe international humanitarian law; (v) be open to cooperation with other bodies involved in humanitarian action; (vi) be prepared to cooperate with the UN system; (vii) be open to contributions from third countries; (viii) respect the voluntary nature of the Member States’ participation in the intended arrangements; (ix) endeavour on an ongoing basis to keep up the standard of the human and material resources available for mobilisation at any time; (x) be based on the principle of burden sharing.

Lastly, the proposal recommends that the Council call on the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and the Commissioner for International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response to play a leading role in coordinating the Union’s crisis response, using the responsibilities created under the Lisbon Treaty to coordinate the Union’s response to future crises more effectively, while building on what has already been achieved.

Documents

Documents

AmendmentsDossier
70 2010/2096(INI)
2010/10/11 AFET 24 amendments...
source: PE-450.636
2010/10/18 DEVE 46 amendments...
source: PE-450.626

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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activities
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  • date: 2010-07-08T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AFET date: 2010-07-01T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: WEBER Renate body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: GUERRERO SALOM Enrique group: ALDE name: DONSKIS Leonidas group: Verts/ALE name: SARGENTINI Judith responsible: True committee: DEVE date: 2010-05-04T00:00:00 committee_full: Development rapporteur: group: PPE name: ZANICCHI Iva body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI
  • date: 2010-11-09T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AFET date: 2010-07-01T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: WEBER Renate body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: GUERRERO SALOM Enrique group: ALDE name: DONSKIS Leonidas group: Verts/ALE name: SARGENTINI Judith responsible: True committee: DEVE date: 2010-05-04T00:00:00 committee_full: Development rapporteur: group: PPE name: ZANICCHI Iva body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2010-12-01T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2010-332&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading title: A7-0332/2010 body: EP type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date: 2010-12-14T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=19118&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2010-465 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T7-0465/2010 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
commission
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  • date: 2010-10-01T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE448.852 title: PE448.852 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2010-10-18T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE450.626 title: PE450.626 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2010-10-28T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE448.676&secondRef=02 title: PE448.676 committee: AFET type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2010-12-01T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2010-332&language=EN title: A7-0332/2010 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP
  • date: 2011-05-06T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=19118&j=0&l=en title: SP(2011)1737 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
events
  • date: 2010-03-23T00:00:00 type: Non-legislative basic document published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=MOTION&reference=B7-2010-228&language=EN title: B7-0228/2010 summary: PURPOSE: to set up an EU rapid response capability. PROPOSED ACT: Proposal for a European Parliament Recommendation to the Council. CONTENT: this draft recommendation, submitted by the ALDE group pursuant to Article 121 (1) of the Rules of Procedure, recalls the need for better coordination and pooling of existing humanitarian assistance, within 24 hours of a disaster. It refers to the fact that, following the recent earthquake in Haiti, the Commission for the first time successfully deployed there two modules made available through a preparatory action on an EU rapid response capability, established with Parliament’s support. Accordingly, Parliament addresses the following recommendation to the Council: that it call on the Commission to bring proposals before Parliament as soon as possible for establishing an EU civil protection force based on the EU Civil Protection Mechanism and enabling the Union to bring together the resources necessary for providing initial emergency humanitarian aid within 24 hours of a disaster; that a European rapid response mechanism should: (i) be civilian and/or humanitarian; (ii) capable of being mobilised at any time and as rapidly as possible; (iii) operate under the banner of the EU; (iv) observe international humanitarian law; (v) be open to cooperation with other bodies involved in humanitarian action; (vi) be prepared to cooperate with the UN system; (vii) be open to contributions from third countries; (viii) respect the voluntary nature of the Member States’ participation in the intended arrangements; (ix) endeavour on an ongoing basis to keep up the standard of the human and material resources available for mobilisation at any time; (x) be based on the principle of burden sharing. Lastly, the proposal recommends that the Council call on the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and the Commissioner for International Cooperation, Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Response to play a leading role in coordinating the Union’s crisis response, using the responsibilities created under the Lisbon Treaty to coordinate the Union’s response to future crises more effectively, while building on what has already been achieved.
  • date: 2010-07-08T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2010-11-09T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP summary: The Committee on Development adopted the report drafted by Iva ZANICCHI (EPP, IT) which contains a proposal for a European Parliament recommendation to the Council on setting up an EU rapid response capability. Members recall that the multiplication of major disasters (natural/man made) outside the European Union in recent years has led to increased calls to improve the effectiveness of the existing EU disaster response capacity. The multiplication and greater frequency of interventions inside and outside the European Union are compounded by the global financial situation and budgetary constraints which underline the need for more cost effective operations. Progress has been made in recent years towards a more coherent EU disaster response, notably through progressive strengthening of the civil protection mechanism. The European Union's response to the earthquake in Haiti triggered not only a rapid, significant and large scale humanitarian aid intervention but also the activation of the civil protection mechanism which was able to deploy immediately and for the first time two modules (a water purification unit and an advanced medical post) financed through a 2008 Preparatory Action for an EU rapid response capability. Lessons learned from recent crises continue to demonstrate the need to improve the EU’s disaster response in terms of efficiency, coordination and visibility. However, Members consider that these disasters have once again highlighted the need for an EU rapid response capability ( European civil protection force ). Against this background, the committee addresses the following recommendations to the Council: it urges the Council to strengthen the EU’s disaster response capacity as a high priority, especially in view of the discussions on setting up an EU Civil Protection Force, and to follow up the European Parliament’s repeated requests that the proposals put forward in the Barnier report in 2006 should be implemented; it calls for the immediate establishment of an EU Civil Protection Force which must be adequately equipped with the necessary technological and technical resources; calls also, in the context of operations following a natural disaster, for better coordination between the humanitarian agencies and the civil protection mechanisms of the Member States and DG ECHO, and any future European civil protection force; it urges the Commission to develop programs with national governments, local authorities and civil society organisations in beneficiary countries with regard to community-based disaster prevention and response management capacity; it encourages the Council to adopt, under the ordinary legislative procedure, measures (to be proposed by the Commission) for improving the predictability and the forward-planning capacity of the current EU civil protection mechanism, which is currently based on ad-hoc and voluntary contributions from Member States: these measures may include arrangements tested under the EU Preparatory Action including EU-level assets, voluntary pooling of resources, mapping of existing capacities, identification of scenarios and the development of further training activities; it calls also for realistic budgets in which appropriations for natural disasters or humanitarian action are allocated on the basis of previous years' spending. On a structural and financial level, the European civil protection force should be based on: the commitment by some Member States to voluntarily make available pre-determined civil protection modules that are ready to intervene immediately in EU operations coordinated by the MIC, that most of these modules, which are already available nationally and thus would not entail significant additional costs, would remain under their control, and that the deployment of these modules placed on standby would form the nucleus of the EU’s civil protection system for responding to disasters inside and outside the EU; the provision of additional civil protection modules which could be financed by the EU for certain specific requirements where gaps have been identified and where the European level would add value, and stresses the importance of increasing funding for transport and developing standby transport modules; the need to develop a comprehensive and proactive approach in response to disasters, coordinating the various means of action available to the Union and its Member States, such as crisis management (civil and military), financial assistance and development or social and environmental policies. The committee believes in this context that the transition between disaster response and post-disaster reconstruction should be managed more efficiently. Others proposals are outlined in the report. They suggest: setting up a European Voluntary Humanitarian Aid Corps in accordance with the provisions of the Lisbon Treaty (Article 214(5)); providing localised coordination efforts, in cooperation with the national government of the affected state, using EU and Member States' representatives on the ground to ensure a targeted and competent response to affected localities; that operations be conducted in compliance with the principles of international law and with the principles of impartiality, neutrality and non-discrimination; clarifying the arrangements for cooperation and coordination between the European External Action Service (EEAS) and the Commission for the management of a large-scale disaster response outside the territory of the European Union; cooperation on the implementation of a visibility action plan that should include concrete measures to enhance the visibility of the EU’s disaster response; using the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) system to keep potential crisis areas under surveillance. Lastly, Members remind the Council that the use of military assets and capabilities in disaster response, particularly for logistics, transport and infrastructure support for humanitarian aid operations, should be exceptional, used as a ‘last resort’ and always in compliance with existing agreements. Military means often constitute an important contribution to disaster response, along with civil protection and humanitarian aid, and notes that military assets can be necessary for filling critical capacity gaps (particularly strategic lift, specialised assets, heavy engineering and transport). They therefore stress the need to develop a comprehensive approach and to improve synergies between civil and military capabilities, and to identify areas in which Member States can pool their efforts and capabilities at EU level to contribute to EU disaster response, which is particularly important in a difficult economic climate. The report emphasises the need to build up permanently available civilian capabilities in the EU which operate independently from military structures and to identify areas in which Member States can pool their efforts and capabilities at EU level in this respect.
  • date: 2010-12-01T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2010-332&language=EN title: A7-0332/2010
  • date: 2010-12-14T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=19118&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2010-12-14T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2010-465 title: T7-0465/2010 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 557 votes to 32, with 72 abstentions, a recommendation to the Council on setting up an EU rapid response capability. The resolution underlines that disasters causing significant human, economic and environmental damage are on the increase worldwide and they are happening with greater impact, frequency and scope in more parts of the world, mainly due to the effects of climate change. However, the multiplication and greater frequency of interventions inside and outside the European Union are compounded by the global financial situation and budgetary constraints which underline the need for more cost effective operations. Progress has been made in recent years towards a more coherent EU disaster response, notably through progressive strengthening of the civil protection mechanism. The European Union's response to the earthquake in Haiti triggered a rapid, significant and large scale humanitarian aid intervention. However, Parliament considers that lessons learned from recent crises continue to demonstrate the need to improve the EU's disaster response in terms of efficiency, coordination and visibility, and whereas these disasters have once again highlighted the need for an EU rapid response capability ( European civil protection force ). It calls for the immediate establishment of an EU Civil Protection Force which must be adequately equipped with the necessary technological and technical resources . Parliament recommends that the EU civil protection force be based on the principles that it should: be based on an assessment of needs, with the participation of all humanitarian actors; be civilian; operate under the banner of the EU; observe international humanitarian law; respect the voluntary nature of the Member States‘ participation in the intended arrangements; be based on the principle of burden-sharing; be open to contributions from non-EU countries; recognise the UN's overall role in coordinating international relief outside the territory of the European Union; be organised on a preventive basis, according to specific scenarios. Parliament considers that the EU civil protection force should build on the EU Civil Protection mechanism, should optimise the tools available, which would gain in efficiency and visibility, should involve the voluntary pooling of existing logistical and human resources with regard both to disaster-response training and disaster management by developing initiatives taken during preparatory actions, and it should be capable of providing initial aid within 24 hours of the occurrence of a disaster. Against this background, Parliament addresses the following recommendations to the Council: it urges the Council to strengthen the EU’s disaster response capacity as a high priority, especially in view of the discussions on setting up an EU Civil Protection Force, and to follow up the European Parliament’s repeated requests that the proposals put forward in the Barnier report in 2006 should be implemented; it calls for the immediate establishment of an EU Civil Protection Force which must be adequately equipped with the necessary technological and technical resources; calls also, in the context of operations following a natural disaster, for better coordination between the humanitarian agencies and the civil protection mechanisms of the Member States and DG ECHO, and any future European civil protection force; it urges the Commission to develop programs with national governments, local authorities and civil society organisations in beneficiary countries with regard to community-based disaster prevention and response management capacity; On a structural and financial level , the European civil protection force should be based on: the commitment by some Member States to voluntarily make available pre-determined civil protection modules that are ready to intervene immediately in EU operations coordinated by the MIC, that most of these modules, which are already available nationally and thus would not entail significant additional costs, would remain under their control, and that the deployment of these modules placed on standby would form the nucleus of the EU’s civil protection system for responding to disasters inside and outside the EU; the provision of additional civil protection modules which could be financed by the EU for certain specific requirements where gaps have been identified and where the European level would add value, and stresses the importance of increasing funding for transport and developing standby transport modules; the need to develop a comprehensive and proactive approach in response to disasters, coordinating the various means of action available to the Union and its Member States, such as crisis management (civil and military), financial assistance and development or social and environmental policies. Parliament believes in this context that the transition between disaster response and post-disaster reconstruction should be managed more efficiently. Others proposals are outlined in the resolution. They suggest: the Council to adopt, under the ordinary legislative procedure, measures (to be proposed by the Commission) for improving the predictability and the forward-planning capacity of the current EU civil protection mechanism , which is currently based on ad-hoc and voluntary contributions from Member States: these measures may include arrangements tested under the EU Preparatory Action including EU-level assets, voluntary pooling of resources , mapping of existing capacities, identification of scenarios and the development of further training activities; calling for realistic budgets in which appropriations for natural disasters or humanitarian action are allocated on the basis of previous years' spending. setting up a European Voluntary Humanitarian Aid Corps in accordance with the provisions of the Lisbon Treaty (Article 214(5)); providing localised coordination efforts, in cooperation with the national government of the affected state, using EU and Member States' representatives on the ground to ensure a targeted and competent response to affected localities; that operations be conducted in compliance with the principles of international law and with the principles of impartiality, neutrality and non-discrimination; clarifying the arrangements for cooperation and coordination between the European External Action Service (EEAS) and the Commission for the management of a large-scale disaster response outside the territory of the European Union; cooperation on the implementation of a visibility action plan that should include concrete measures to enhance the visibility of the EU’s disaster response; using the Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) system to keep potential crisis areas under surveillance. Lastly, Parliament reminds the Council that the use of military assets and capabilities in disaster response , particularly for logistics, transport and infrastructure support for humanitarian aid operations, should be exceptional , used as a ‘last resort’ and always in compliance with existing agreements. Military means often constitute an important contribution to disaster response, along with civil protection and humanitarian aid, and notes that military assets can be necessary for filling critical capacity gaps (particularly strategic lift, specialised assets, heavy engineering and transport). It therefore stresses the need to develop a comprehensive approach and to improve synergies between civil and military capabilities, and to identify areas in which Member States can pool their efforts and capabilities at EU level to contribute to EU disaster response, which is particularly important in a difficult economic climate. The resolution emphasises the need to build up permanently available civilian capabilities in the EU which operate independently from military structures and to identify areas in which Member States can pool their efforts and capabilities at EU level in this respect.
  • date: 2010-12-14T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
links
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/echo/ title: Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO) commissioner: GEORGIEVA Kristalina
procedure/Modified legal basis
Old
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 150
New
Rules of Procedure EP 150
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
DEVE/7/03220
New
  • DEVE/7/03220
procedure/legal_basis/0
Rules of Procedure EP 134
procedure/legal_basis/0
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 134
procedure/subject
Old
  • 4.30 Civil protection
  • 6.50 Emergency, food, humanitarian aid, aid to refugees, Emergency Aid Reserve
New
4.30
Civil protection
6.50
Emergency, food, humanitarian aid, aid to refugees, Emergency Aid Reserve
activities/0/commission/0/DG/title
Old
Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection
New
Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO)
other/0/dg/title
Old
Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection
New
Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO)
procedure/subject/1
Old
6.50 Emergency, food, humanitarian aid, aid to refugees
New
6.50 Emergency, food, humanitarian aid, aid to refugees, Emergency Aid Reserve
activities
  • date: 2010-03-23T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=MOTION&reference=B7-2010-228&language=EN type: Non-legislative basic document published title: B7-0228/2010 type: Non-legislative basic document published body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/echo/ title: Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Commissioner: GEORGIEVA Kristalina
  • date: 2010-07-08T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AFET date: 2010-07-01T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: WEBER Renate body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: GUERRERO SALOM Enrique group: ALDE name: DONSKIS Leonidas group: Verts/ALE name: SARGENTINI Judith responsible: True committee: DEVE date: 2010-05-04T00:00:00 committee_full: Development rapporteur: group: PPE name: ZANICCHI Iva body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI
  • date: 2010-11-09T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AFET date: 2010-07-01T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: WEBER Renate body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: GUERRERO SALOM Enrique group: ALDE name: DONSKIS Leonidas group: Verts/ALE name: SARGENTINI Judith responsible: True committee: DEVE date: 2010-05-04T00:00:00 committee_full: Development rapporteur: group: PPE name: ZANICCHI Iva body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2010-12-01T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2010-332&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading title: A7-0332/2010 body: EP type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date: 2010-12-14T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=19118&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2010-465 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T7-0465/2010 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: AFET date: 2010-07-01T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: ALDE name: WEBER Renate
  • body: EP shadows: group: S&D name: GUERRERO SALOM Enrique group: ALDE name: DONSKIS Leonidas group: Verts/ALE name: SARGENTINI Judith responsible: True committee: DEVE date: 2010-05-04T00:00:00 committee_full: Development rapporteur: group: PPE name: ZANICCHI Iva
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI
links
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/echo/ title: Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection commissioner: GEORGIEVA Kristalina
procedure
dossier_of_the_committee
DEVE/7/03220
reference
2010/2096(INI)
title
Setting up an EU rapid response capability
legal_basis
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 134
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Initiative
Modified legal basis
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 150
type
INI - Own-initiative procedure
subject