BETA


2011/2191(INI) Application of Croatia to become a member of the European Union

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET SWOBODA Hannes (icon: S&D S&D) POSSELT Bernd (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion BUDG FÄRM Göran (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion EMPL
Committee Opinion ENVI
Committee Opinion AFCO TRZASKOWSKI Rafał (icon: PPE PPE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 54

Events

2012/03/20
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2011/12/01
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2011/12/01
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted, by 550 votes to 34, with 41 abstentions, a resolution on the application of Croatia to become a Member of the European Union.

Parliament considers that Croatian membership will make the EU stronger, enrich its European culture and heritage and make an important contribution to maintaining the credibility of the enlargement process. It also feels that Croatia’s successful accession will have wider European and regional implications and will give positive impetus to the process of European integration in both the EU and the Western Balkan region. The prospect of EU membership is a powerful incentive for countries in the region, on the path to European integration. Accordingly, Parliament welcomes the conclusion of the accession negotiations with Croatia , bringing to an end almost six years of negotiation and several years of preparation.

Stressing the need to keep up the reform momentum, it considers that the positive results of this process will strengthen support for EU membership among Croatia’s citizens, and their trust in it. Members encourage people to participate in the EU referendum and support the Accession Treaty. It is essential in the accession process that each country should be judged on its own merits, that the pace of accession negotiations should be dictated by effective compliance with the Copenhagen criteria and that the degree of compliance with those criteria should also determine the final date of accession.

Temporary provisions : the resolution emphasises the temporary provisions of the Accession Treaty introduce a derogation from the maximum number of seats in the European Parliament, until the end of the 2009-2014 parliamentary term. Members are resolved to present their proposal for the decision determining the new composition of the European Parliament in good time before the 2014 elections, in accordance with Article 14(2) TEU and ensure that all relevant institutional aspects of the accession must be taken into consideration in their entirety.

Monitoring the reform process, with the support of civil society : Parliament calls on the Commission to monitor further preparations for accession with objectivity and to help the Croatian authorities fulfil their commitments and obligations entered into in the negotiations. It underlines the need to focus in particular on commitments given on the judiciary, home affairs and fundamental rights – including protection of the freedom of the media, as one of the crucial instruments of democracy, as well as the continued implementation of judicial reform and efficiency, the impartial handling of war-crime cases, the fight against corruption, the protection of minorities, border management, police cooperation, the fight against organised crime and judicial cooperation in civil and criminal matters – as well as commitments on competition policy with a view to the adequate and efficient restructuring of the shipbuilding and steel industries. Members welcome the reference in the Accession Treaty to civil-society involvement throughout the monitoring process and calls on the Commission to make full use of this clause and consult closely with representatives of civil society.

Parliament stresses that it will follow the monitoring process, and calls on the Commission to keep it regularly informed of the extent to which the Croatian authorities honour the commitments given in the Accession Treaty so as to assume their membership obligations fully upon accession on 1 July 2013 . It reserves the right to address recommendations to the Commission and the Croatian authorities throughout the monitoring process.

Reforms : while acknowledging the good progress made on judicial reform, Parliament encourages Croatia to continue to implement reform of the judiciary, creating an efficient, independent and impartial judicial system. It stresses the need for implementing the provisions on the independence, impartiality and accountability of the judiciary.

Amongst the priorities for reform, Members stress the following:

the fight against high-level corruption – in the judiciary, law-enforcement agencies, the public administration and state-owned companies; reform in public procurement; the need further to strengthen transparency and integrity in public administration and in the police; to continue reforming law-enforcement agencies with the goal of making them efficient, effective, depoliticised and respectful of civil rights and freedoms.

The fight against impunity : Parliament encourages Croatia to step up its efforts on the prosecution of war crimes, to implement the new strategy on impunity, which is a key to ensuring justice and achieving lasting reconciliation in the region . It invites the Croatian Government to allocate adequate financial resources and provide full support to the Croatian judiciary in order to speed up the investigation of war crimes.

Furthermore, Members encourage the Croatian authorities to continue active cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). Croatia and Serbia are asked to cooperate fully in the field of justice, particularly as regards the prosecution of war crimes.

The following measures are also recommended:

assistance for the return of refugees and displaced persons, paying special attention to the situation of ethnic Serbian returnees; launching social and economic recovery projects for vulnerable groups, especially the refugees; further progress on women’s rights and gender equality; fight against human trafficking.

Parliament is deeply concerned by the violence against participants in the LGBT pride march in Split on 11 June 2011 and the inability of the Croatian authorities to protect the participants. It urges the Croatian authorities fully to investigate and prosecute the crimes committed and to develop strategies for preventing similar incidents in the future; calls on the Croatian authorities quickly to adopt and implement an action plan against homophobia .

Strengthen economic reform and stimulate employment : Members encourage Croatia to further strengthen labour and trade unions rights, to strengthen social dialogue and to promote capacity-building for the social partners. Generally, they call on Croatia, in light of the existing economic problems, to continue its structural reforms of the economy , to stimulate employment by reviving the labour market and to pursue fiscal consolidation in order to boost competitiveness, enabling it to catch up with EU Member States. Parliament considers it important that economic recovery is accompanied by environmental modernisation, including through improved energy efficiency, the reinforcement of policy on renewable energy sources, and the harmonisation of spatial development and energy policies. The Government is encouraged to pay particular attention to small and medium-sized enterprises and to pursue further efforts to reform Croatia’s social system and to respect in full the public interest and environmental standards. Member States tare asked to apply decisions on transitional provisions concerning Croatian workers’ access to their labour markets and to keep the Commission informed of measures taken.

Financial consequences : Parliament points out that the financial consequences of the enlargement have to be fully addressed in the upcoming negotiations on the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2014-2020 and in decisions concerning the Union’s own resources system. It calls on all parties involved to associate Croatia, to the greatest extent possible, in its capacity as an acceding country, in all exchanges of views and negotiations on the MFF 2014-2020. Taking note of the EU’s position on the financial and budgetary provisions based on an accession date of 1 July 2013, Members note that the required financial envelopes for Croatia’s accession, by heading and sub-heading of the budget, for the last semester of the last financial year of the current MFF would substantially increase expenditure in the EU budget. They note Coreper’s position whereby the overall level of expenditure should not be changed for the financial year 2013. They recall nevertheless that the current MFF adopted in 2006, did not take into account the potential accession of Croatia during the lifetime of this MFF, and urge the Commission to propose a revision of the MFF for the financial year 2013 in order to avoid financing Croatia’s accession by redeployments.

Neighbourhood issues : welcoming the adoption by the Croatian Government in July 2011 of the declaration on promoting European values in South East Europe, Members encourage Croatia to continue to enhance good-neighbourly relations, to remain an important and proactive promoter of regional cooperation on all levels and to maintain its commitment to translating reconciliation efforts into practical steps of economic, social and human benefit to all citizens of the region. They call for increased use of the financial instruments that support SMEs, infrastructure development and the business environment as part of the multi-beneficiary programmes throughout the Western Balkans. Members also call for progress on resolving outstanding bilateral issues with neighbouring countries, in particular with Serbia, mainly regarding border demarcation, missing persons, property restitution and refugees. They strongly believe that while open issues of a bilateral nature must not halt the EU accession process of candidate and potential candidate countries in the Western Balkans.

Support of citizens : considering that the success of accession depends to a large extent on the support and commitment of citizens, Parliament encourages the Croatian authorities and civil society to conduct, with the help of the Commission, a wide-ranging and objective information campaign on the obligations, consequences and advantages arising from EU accession so that the Croatian people will be fully aware of their choice in the referendum and that they see the European project as belonging to them too.

Documents
2011/12/01
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2011/11/30
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2011/11/22
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Documents
2011/11/22
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary
Documents
2011/11/17
   EP - Vote in committee
2011/11/07
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2011/10/26
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2011/10/25
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2011/10/05
   EP - TRZASKOWSKI Rafał (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in AFCO
2011/09/29
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2011/09/27
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2011/09/14
   EP - FÄRM Göran (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in BUDG
2009/09/16
   EP - SWOBODA Hannes (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AFET

Documents

Activities

AmendmentsDossier
149 2011/2191(INI)
2011/10/13 AFCO 7 amendments...
source: PE-473.951
2011/10/25 AFET 113 amendments...
source: PE-473.953
2011/10/27 BUDG 20 amendments...
source: PE-475.800
2012/01/25 CONT 9 amendments...
source: PE-480.558

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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  • date: 2011-11-30T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20111130&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2011-12-01T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=20890&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2011-12-01T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2011-539 title: T7-0539/2011 summary: The European Parliament adopted, by 550 votes to 34, with 41 abstentions, a resolution on the application of Croatia to become a Member of the European Union. Parliament considers that Croatian membership will make the EU stronger, enrich its European culture and heritage and make an important contribution to maintaining the credibility of the enlargement process. It also feels that Croatia’s successful accession will have wider European and regional implications and will give positive impetus to the process of European integration in both the EU and the Western Balkan region. The prospect of EU membership is a powerful incentive for countries in the region, on the path to European integration. Accordingly, Parliament welcomes the conclusion of the accession negotiations with Croatia , bringing to an end almost six years of negotiation and several years of preparation. Stressing the need to keep up the reform momentum, it considers that the positive results of this process will strengthen support for EU membership among Croatia’s citizens, and their trust in it. Members encourage people to participate in the EU referendum and support the Accession Treaty. It is essential in the accession process that each country should be judged on its own merits, that the pace of accession negotiations should be dictated by effective compliance with the Copenhagen criteria and that the degree of compliance with those criteria should also determine the final date of accession. Temporary provisions : the resolution emphasises the temporary provisions of the Accession Treaty introduce a derogation from the maximum number of seats in the European Parliament, until the end of the 2009-2014 parliamentary term. Members are resolved to present their proposal for the decision determining the new composition of the European Parliament in good time before the 2014 elections, in accordance with Article 14(2) TEU and ensure that all relevant institutional aspects of the accession must be taken into consideration in their entirety. Monitoring the reform process, with the support of civil society : Parliament calls on the Commission to monitor further preparations for accession with objectivity and to help the Croatian authorities fulfil their commitments and obligations entered into in the negotiations. It underlines the need to focus in particular on commitments given on the judiciary, home affairs and fundamental rights – including protection of the freedom of the media, as one of the crucial instruments of democracy, as well as the continued implementation of judicial reform and efficiency, the impartial handling of war-crime cases, the fight against corruption, the protection of minorities, border management, police cooperation, the fight against organised crime and judicial cooperation in civil and criminal matters – as well as commitments on competition policy with a view to the adequate and efficient restructuring of the shipbuilding and steel industries. Members welcome the reference in the Accession Treaty to civil-society involvement throughout the monitoring process and calls on the Commission to make full use of this clause and consult closely with representatives of civil society. Parliament stresses that it will follow the monitoring process, and calls on the Commission to keep it regularly informed of the extent to which the Croatian authorities honour the commitments given in the Accession Treaty so as to assume their membership obligations fully upon accession on 1 July 2013 . It reserves the right to address recommendations to the Commission and the Croatian authorities throughout the monitoring process. Reforms : while acknowledging the good progress made on judicial reform, Parliament encourages Croatia to continue to implement reform of the judiciary, creating an efficient, independent and impartial judicial system. It stresses the need for implementing the provisions on the independence, impartiality and accountability of the judiciary. Amongst the priorities for reform, Members stress the following: the fight against high-level corruption – in the judiciary, law-enforcement agencies, the public administration and state-owned companies; reform in public procurement; the need further to strengthen transparency and integrity in public administration and in the police; to continue reforming law-enforcement agencies with the goal of making them efficient, effective, depoliticised and respectful of civil rights and freedoms. The fight against impunity : Parliament encourages Croatia to step up its efforts on the prosecution of war crimes, to implement the new strategy on impunity, which is a key to ensuring justice and achieving lasting reconciliation in the region . It invites the Croatian Government to allocate adequate financial resources and provide full support to the Croatian judiciary in order to speed up the investigation of war crimes. Furthermore, Members encourage the Croatian authorities to continue active cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). Croatia and Serbia are asked to cooperate fully in the field of justice, particularly as regards the prosecution of war crimes. The following measures are also recommended: assistance for the return of refugees and displaced persons, paying special attention to the situation of ethnic Serbian returnees; launching social and economic recovery projects for vulnerable groups, especially the refugees; further progress on women’s rights and gender equality; fight against human trafficking. Parliament is deeply concerned by the violence against participants in the LGBT pride march in Split on 11 June 2011 and the inability of the Croatian authorities to protect the participants. It urges the Croatian authorities fully to investigate and prosecute the crimes committed and to develop strategies for preventing similar incidents in the future; calls on the Croatian authorities quickly to adopt and implement an action plan against homophobia . Strengthen economic reform and stimulate employment : Members encourage Croatia to further strengthen labour and trade unions rights, to strengthen social dialogue and to promote capacity-building for the social partners. Generally, they call on Croatia, in light of the existing economic problems, to continue its structural reforms of the economy , to stimulate employment by reviving the labour market and to pursue fiscal consolidation in order to boost competitiveness, enabling it to catch up with EU Member States. Parliament considers it important that economic recovery is accompanied by environmental modernisation, including through improved energy efficiency, the reinforcement of policy on renewable energy sources, and the harmonisation of spatial development and energy policies. The Government is encouraged to pay particular attention to small and medium-sized enterprises and to pursue further efforts to reform Croatia’s social system and to respect in full the public interest and environmental standards. Member States tare asked to apply decisions on transitional provisions concerning Croatian workers’ access to their labour markets and to keep the Commission informed of measures taken. Financial consequences : Parliament points out that the financial consequences of the enlargement have to be fully addressed in the upcoming negotiations on the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2014-2020 and in decisions concerning the Union’s own resources system. It calls on all parties involved to associate Croatia, to the greatest extent possible, in its capacity as an acceding country, in all exchanges of views and negotiations on the MFF 2014-2020. Taking note of the EU’s position on the financial and budgetary provisions based on an accession date of 1 July 2013, Members note that the required financial envelopes for Croatia’s accession, by heading and sub-heading of the budget, for the last semester of the last financial year of the current MFF would substantially increase expenditure in the EU budget. They note Coreper’s position whereby the overall level of expenditure should not be changed for the financial year 2013. They recall nevertheless that the current MFF adopted in 2006, did not take into account the potential accession of Croatia during the lifetime of this MFF, and urge the Commission to propose a revision of the MFF for the financial year 2013 in order to avoid financing Croatia’s accession by redeployments. Neighbourhood issues : welcoming the adoption by the Croatian Government in July 2011 of the declaration on promoting European values in South East Europe, Members encourage Croatia to continue to enhance good-neighbourly relations, to remain an important and proactive promoter of regional cooperation on all levels and to maintain its commitment to translating reconciliation efforts into practical steps of economic, social and human benefit to all citizens of the region. They call for increased use of the financial instruments that support SMEs, infrastructure development and the business environment as part of the multi-beneficiary programmes throughout the Western Balkans. Members also call for progress on resolving outstanding bilateral issues with neighbouring countries, in particular with Serbia, mainly regarding border demarcation, missing persons, property restitution and refugees. They strongly believe that while open issues of a bilateral nature must not halt the EU accession process of candidate and potential candidate countries in the Western Balkans. Support of citizens : considering that the success of accession depends to a large extent on the support and commitment of citizens, Parliament encourages the Croatian authorities and civil society to conduct, with the help of the Commission, a wide-ranging and objective information campaign on the obligations, consequences and advantages arising from EU accession so that the Croatian people will be fully aware of their choice in the referendum and that they see the European project as belonging to them too.
  • date: 2011-12-01T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
links
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/ title: Enlargement commissioner: FÜLE Štefan
procedure/Modified legal basis
Old
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 150
New
Rules of Procedure EP 150
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
AFET/7/06900
New
  • AFET/7/06900
procedure/legal_basis/0
Rules of Procedure EP 052
procedure/legal_basis/0
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 052
procedure/subject
Old
  • 8.20.01 Candidate countries
New
8.20.01
Candidate countries
activities
  • date: 2011-09-29T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AFCO date: 2011-10-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Constitutional Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE name: TRZASKOWSKI Rafał body: EP shadows: group: PPE name: POSSELT Bernd responsible: True committee: AFET date: 2009-09-16T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: S&D name: SWOBODA Hannes body: EP responsible: False committee: BUDG date: 2011-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Budgets rapporteur: group: S&D name: FÄRM Göran body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs committee: EMPL body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI
  • date: 2011-11-17T00:00:00 body: EP committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AFCO date: 2011-10-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Constitutional Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE name: TRZASKOWSKI Rafał body: EP shadows: group: PPE name: POSSELT Bernd responsible: True committee: AFET date: 2009-09-16T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: S&D name: SWOBODA Hannes body: EP responsible: False committee: BUDG date: 2011-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Budgets rapporteur: group: S&D name: FÄRM Göran body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs committee: EMPL body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2011-11-22T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2011-389&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading title: A7-0389/2011 body: EP type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date: 2011-11-30T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20111130&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2011-12-01T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=20890&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2011-539 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T7-0539/2011 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: AFCO date: 2011-10-05T00:00:00 committee_full: Constitutional Affairs rapporteur: group: PPE name: TRZASKOWSKI Rafał
  • body: EP shadows: group: PPE name: POSSELT Bernd responsible: True committee: AFET date: 2009-09-16T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: S&D name: SWOBODA Hannes
  • body: EP responsible: False committee: BUDG date: 2011-09-14T00:00:00 committee_full: Budgets rapporteur: group: S&D name: FÄRM Göran
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Employment and Social Affairs committee: EMPL
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI
links
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/ title: Enlargement commissioner: FÜLE Štefan
procedure
dossier_of_the_committee
AFET/7/06900
geographical_area
Croatia
reference
2011/2191(INI)
title
Application of Croatia to become a member of the European Union
legal_basis
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 052
stage_reached
Procedure completed
subtype
Initiative
Modified legal basis
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 150
type
INI - Own-initiative procedure
subject
8.20.01 Candidate countries