BETA


2012/0042(COD) Greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF): accounting rules and information on actions

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ENVI ARSENIS Kriton (icon: S&D S&D) MORKŪNAITĖ-MIKULĖNIENĖ Radvilė (icon: PPE PPE), PAKARINEN Riikka (icon: ALDE ALDE), EICKHOUT Bas (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), GIRLING Julie (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion ITRE
Committee Opinion AGRI GIRLING Julie (icon: ECR ECR) Elisabeth KÖSTINGER (icon: PPE PPE), Patrick LE HYARIC (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 192-p1

Events

2013/06/18
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to gradually integrate the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector into the Union’s climate policy by means of a separate legal framework which addresses the sector’s specific profile and by ensuring a robust and harmonised accounting framework.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Decision No 529/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on accounting rules on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities relating to land use, land-use change and forestry and on information concerning actions relating to those activities.

CONTENT: this Decision sets out a harmonised legal framework for comprehensive and robust accounting rules applicable to emissions and removals of greenhouse gases resulting from land use, land- use change and forestry (‘LULUCF’) activities which are consistent with relevant decisions adopted within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) framework.

The decision represents a first step towards the inclusion of LULUCF activities in the EU's greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments. The LULUCF sector can contribute to climate change mitigation in several ways in particular by reducing emissions, and maintaining and enhancing sinks and carbon stocks.

Obligation to prepare and maintain LULUCF accounts : Member States shall prepare and maintain accounts that accurately reflect all emissions and removals resulting from the activities on their territory falling within the following categories: afforestation; reforestation; deforestation; forest management as well as cropland management and grazing land management. They may also prepare and maintain accounts that accurately reflect emissions and removals resulting from revegetation and wetland drainage and rewetting.

The accounting rules should ensure that accounts accurately reflect human-induced changes in emissions and removals.

Natural disturbances : the Decision stipulates that natural disturbances, such as wildfires, insect and disease infestations, extreme weather events and geological disturbances that are beyond the control of, and not materially influenced by, a Member State, may result in greenhouse gas emissions of a temporary nature in the LULUCF sector, or may cause the reversal of previous removals. As reversal can also be the result of management decisions, such as decisions to harvest or plant trees, this Decision should ensure that human- induced reversals of removals are always accurately reflected in LULUCF accounts.

Information on LULUCF actions : Member States should provide information on their current and future LULUCF actions, setting out nationally appropriate measures to limit or reduce emissions and to maintain or increase removals from the LULUCF sector.

Information on LULUCF actions shall include, amongst other things: (i) a description of past trends of emissions and removals including, where possible, historic trends, to the extent that they can reasonably be reconstructed; (ii) a list of the most appropriate measures to take into account national circumstances, that are to be implemented in order to pursue the mitigation potential.

Moreover, to promote best practice and synergies with other policies and measures relating to forests and agriculture, an indicative list of measures that may also be included in the information provided should be set out in an Annex to this Decision.

The Commission may provide guidance to facilitate the exchange of comparable information .

Member States shall make available to the public the information on their LULUCF actions.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 08.07.2013.

DELEGATED ACTS: the power to adopt acts should be delegated to the Commission to update the definitions laid down in this Decision in accordance with changes to definitions adopted by the bodies of the UNFCCC or the Kyoto Protocol or of agreements deriving from or succeeding them. The power to adopt delegated acts shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of eight years from 8 July 2013 . The European Parliament or the Council may raise objections to a delegated act within a period of two months from the date of notification (this may be extended by two months.) If the European Parliament or Council express objections, the delegated act will not enter into force.

2013/05/21
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2013/05/21
   CSL - Final act signed
2013/05/21
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2013/04/30
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2013/04/22
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2013/04/22
   CSL - Council Meeting
2013/03/12
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2013/03/12
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 635 votes to 42 with 3 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF).

Parliament adopted its position in first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure. The amendments adopted in plenary are the result of a compromise agreement negotiated between Parliament and Council. The main amendments are as follows:

Purpose and scope: the amended text states that the Decision sets out accounting rules applicable to emissions and removals of greenhouse gases resulting from land use, land-use change and forestry (‘LULUCF’) activities, as a first step towards the inclusion of those activities in the Union's emission reduction commitment, when appropriate. It does not lay down any accounting or reporting obligations for private parties.

Definitions: Members insert a definition for ‘background level’ which means the average emissions caused by natural disturbances in a given time period, excluding statistical outliers, calculated in accordance with the provisions in the Decision.

Obligation to prepare and maintain LULUCF accounts : Member States must prepare and maintain their accounts ensuring the accuracy, completeness, consistency, comparability and transparency of relevant information used in estimating emissions and removals from the LULUCF sector in line with guidance provided in relevant Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories , including on methodologies for accounting for non-CO 2 greenhouse gas emissions adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Accounting period beginning on 1 January 2021: annual accounts should accurately reflect all emissions and removals resulting from the activities on their territory falling within the following categories: (a) cropland management ; (b) grazing land management .

Accounting period from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2020 : Member States must:

· from 2016 to 2018 , report to the Commission by 15 March each year on the systems in place and being developed to estimate emissions and removals from cropland management and grazing land management;

· prior to 1 January 2022 , submit to the Commission by 15 March each year initial, preliminary and non-binding annual estimates of emissions and removals from cropland management and grazing land management using, where appropriate, IPCC methodologies;

· no later than 15 March 2022 , submit their final annual estimates for accounting of cropland management and grazing land management.

Member States wishing to benefit from a derogation shall submit a reasoned request to the Commission by 15 January 2021.

Afforestation, reforestation and deforestation : in accounts relating to afforestation and reforestation, Member States shall reflect emissions and removals resulting only from such activities taking place on those lands that were not forest on 31 December 1989 . Member States may reflect emissions from afforestation and reforestation in a single account.

Forest management : Member States shall account for emissions and removals resulting from forest management activities. The reference levels shall be identical to those established by acts approved by the bodies of the UNFCCC or of the Kyoto Protocol.

Harvested wood products : each Member State shall reflect in its accounts emissions and removals resulting from changes in the pool of harvested wood products, including emissions from harvested wood products removed from its forests prior to 1 January 2013 . Emissions from harvested wood products already accounted for under the Kyoto Protocol during the period from 2008 to 2012 on the basis of instantaneous oxidation shall be excluded.

For exported harvested wood products, country-specific data refers to country-specific half-life values and harvested wood products usage in the importing country.

Furthermore, Member States shall not use country-specific half-life values for harvested wood products placed on the market in the Union that deviate from those used by the importing Member State.

Harvested wood products resulting from deforestation shall be accounted for on the basis of instantaneous oxidation .

Natural disturbances : the text states that natural disturbances, such as wildfires, insect and disease infestations, extreme weather events and geological disturbances that are beyond the control of, and not materially influenced by, a Member State, may result in greenhouse gas emissions of a temporary nature in the LULUCF sector, or may cause the reversal of previous removals. As reversal can also be the result of management decisions, such as decisions to harvest or plant trees, this Decision ensures that LULUCF accounts always accurately reflect human-induced reversals of removals.

Moreover, the new Decision should provide Member States with a limited possibility to exclude emissions through the use of background levels and margins in accordance with Decision 2/CMP.7, of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, adopted by the 17th Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC to exclude emissions resulting from disturbances in afforestation, reforestation and forest management that are beyond their control from their LULUCF accounts.

Wetland drainage and rewetting : a new recital recalls that emissions from degrading and draining peatlands correspond to approximately 5 % of global greenhouse gas emissions and represented between 3.5 and 4 % of the Union's emissions in 2010. Therefore, as soon as relevant IPCC guidelines are internationally agreed, the Union should endeavour to advance the issue at the international level with a view to reaching an agreement within the bodies of the UNFCCC or of the Kyoto Protocol on the obligation to prepare annual accounts of emissions and removals from activities falling within the categories of wetland drainage and rewetting and with a view to including this obligation in the global climate agreement to be concluded no later than 2015.

Information on LULUCF actions : no later than 18 months after the beginning of each accounting period, Member States shall transmit to the Commission information on their current and future LULUCF actions to limit or reduce emissions and maintain or increase removals resulting from the activities referred to in the Decision, as a separate document.

Information on LULUCF actions shall include, amongst other things: (i) a description of past trends of emissions and removals including, where possible, historic trends , to the extent that they can reasonably be reconstructed; (ii) a list of the most appropriate measures to take into account national circumstances, that are to be implemented in order to pursue the mitigation potential.

The Commission may provide guidance and technical assistance to Member States to facilitate the exchange of information and best practices among Member States.

Member States shall make available to the public the information on their LULUCF actions.

Documents
2013/03/11
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2012/12/17
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2012/12/17
   CSL - Council Meeting
2012/10/15
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the report by Kriton ARSENIS (S&D, EL) on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF).

The parliamentary committee recommends that the position of the European Parliament adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should be to amend the Commission’s proposal as follows:

Purpose and scope: the report specifies that the Decision lays down the obligations of Member States in implementing those accounting rules and action plans. It does not lay down any accounting or reporting obligations for private parties .

Definitions: clarifications proposed by Members relate to the following: carbon stock, reforestation, afforestation, deforestation, harvested wood product, natural disturbances, background level, margin, half-life value and instantaneous oxidation method.

Accounting obligations: Members propose that wetland drainage and wetland rewetting , within one year following the publication of relevant guidance published by the IPCCC should be considered as activities for which accounting obligations should be introduced.

General accounting rules: an amendment stipulates that Member States shall make any necessary recalculations in order to include in their existing and newly established accounts, the carbon pools and greenhouse gases referred to in the Decision.

Forestry management: Member States shall account for emissions and removals resulting from forest management activities. Reference levels for forest management shall be identical to those established by acts approved by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ( UNFCCC ) or Kyoto bodies.

Harvested wood products (HWPs): HWPs as such shall not be considered as emissions of greenhouse gas . Furthermore, Member States shalldistinguish between products originating from deforestation and forest management. Imported harvest wood products irrespective of their origin, shall not be accounted for by the importing Member State.

Members propose that: (i) Member States electing to use country-specific half-life values for exported harvest wood products shall notify the Commission for review and approval; (ii) Member States shall not use country-specific half-life values for HWPs placed on the market in the Union that deviate from those used by the importing Member State in their accounts.

In addition, the report proposes to invite Member States: (i) to account for emissions resulting from harvest wood products resulting from deforestation on the basis of instantaneous oxidation , and (ii) to provide information about the country of harvest of the HWP and whether it was harvested in a sustainable manner .

Natural disturbances: in Members’ opinion, the Decision should provide Member States, within certain limits, to use a limited possibility to exclude emissions resulting from disturbances in afforestation, reforestation and forest management that are beyond their control from their LULUCF accounts through the use of background levels and margins in accordance with Decision 2/CMP.7.

Member States shall, assisted by the Commission where appropriate, make any technical corrections or recalculations to their forest management reference level to include the background level of emissions associated with annual natural disturbances.

In addition, Member States should provide transparent information showing, among other things, how annual emissions resulting from natural disturbances and the subsequent removals in those areas are estimated. They should not exclude from accounting emissions from natural disturbances on those lands that are subject to land-use change following the disturbance.

LULUCF Action Plans: Members propose that the content of LULUCF Action Plans is laid down so as to include: (i) historic trends to the extent that those can reasonably be reconstructed; (ii) projections for emissions and removals consistent with the trends in population, infrastructure development, energy use, agriculture intensity and forestry, for the respective accounting period; and (iii) a list of the most appropriate measures to meet national circumstances, to be adopted in order to pursue the mitigation potential.

The Commission shall provide assistance and adopt structural guidelines for the LULUCF Action Plans. An ad hoc working group of national experts should be constituted in order to evaluate the implementation of the national action plans together with the Commission. The Commission may issue practicable recommendations, as appropriate, with a view to enhancing Member States´ efforts. Lastly, the Decision should provide for early and effective opportunities for the public to participate during the preparation, modification and review of these LULUCF Action Plans.

Documents
2012/10/10
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2012/10/10
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2012/09/19
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2012/09/18
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2012/09/13
   IT_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2012/07/20
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2012/07/20
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2012/07/02
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2012/06/20
   CZ_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2012/06/11
   CSL - Debate in Council
Details

The Council had an orientation debate on the proposal for a decision on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF).

The Commission proposes that member states should establish, for each accounting period, national action plans on measures to limit or reduce emissions and to maintain or increase removals from the LULUCF sector. The national action plans are aimed at stimulating the mitigation potential of the sector, increasing the visibility of measures taken and promoting best practice.

Ministers discussed two main issues : the proposed phased approach and its implications and the role and implementation of the proposed national action plans. Member states generally welcomed the Commission's proposal and its phased approach.

Concerning the timing and conditions for the second step (i.e. the formal inclusion of the sector in the EU’s greenhouse emission reduction commitment) there were different views around the table. For some delegations, this step should be taken as soon as possible, whereas for others it is linked to new or revised emission reduction commitments. The Presidency concluded that this complex issue needs to be explored both in more depth and taking account of the wider context of the EU climate policy. Overall, it was considered very important to ensure consistency of the proposal with decisions taken

in the context of the UNFCCC.

As regards the national action plans , ministers generally agreed on the importance to stimulating the mitigation potential of the LULUCF sector and of increasing the visibility of the mitigation efforts by farmers, forest owners and all other actors concerned. Furthermore, many delegations pointed out that the sector should not be considered in isolation but in an integrated way and by making use of synergies with existing policies at EU and national level.

Several ministers stressed the need to avoid creating any unnecessary administrative burden or duplication of work and to take due account of national circumstances and competencies at each level.

Many delegations were of the view that member states themselves are best placed to decide on the appropriate measures. The guiding principles resulting from this debate will be taken into account with a view to further discussions and progress on this file.

Documents
2012/06/11
   CSL - Council Meeting
2012/05/15
   PL_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2012/05/04
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2012/05/04
   AT_BUNDESRAT - Contribution
Documents
2012/04/23
   EP - GIRLING Julie (ECR) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2012/04/12
   EP - ARSENIS Kriton (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2012/03/15
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2012/03/12
   EC - Legislative proposal
Details

PURPOSE: to gradually integrate the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector into the Union’s climate policy by means of a separate legal framework which addresses the sector’s specific profile and by ensuring a robust and harmonised accounting framework.

PROPOSED ACT: Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council.

BACKGROUND: appropriate land uses and management practices in forestry and agriculture can limit emissions of carbon and enhance removals from the atmosphere. Such practices are covered by the LULUCF sector, which comprises mostly carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and removals by terrestrial ecosystems, generally estimated as carbon stock changes. Agriculture, forestry, related industries and energy are the most important economic sectors relevant for LULUCF and they can contribute to the reduction of emissions and enhancement of sinks in several ways.

Although the LULUCF sector does not yet count towards the Union’s emission reduction target for 2020, it counts in part towards the Union’s commitment under the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC for the period from 2008 to 2012. However, the existing international accounting rules, which are a mix of voluntary and mandatory practices, have significant drawbacks . Most importantly, accounting is voluntary for most LULUCF activities, notably for forest management (representing about 70% of the sector) and for cropland and grazing-land management (representing about 17% of the sector). As a result, accounting in this first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol varies greatly between Member States. Another drawback is the lack of incentives for climate change mitigation in forestry. Improvements in accounting are necessary to create a level playing field within the agricultural, forestry and related industries and energy sectors in the Member States with a view to ensuring their consistent treatment within the Union’s internal market.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment investigated three key issues that need to be addressed when assessing how LULUCF should be included in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments, namely how to:

ensure robust accounting rules for emissions and removals; achieve robust monitoring and reporting; establish the appropriate policy context for bringing the sector into the Union’s climate change commitments.

Based on the policy context for including the sector in the Union’s commitments currently regulated by the ESD and the EU ETS, the impact assessment considered three options for including LULUCF , namely as part of the ESD, as a separate framework or by delaying inclusion altogether. Each option addressed the issues of accounting and monitoring. The potential social, economic and environmental impacts of the various options were considered in detail.

The impact assessment concluded that there were good reasons to include LULUCF in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission-reduction commitments, namely to improve their policy coherence, environmental integrity and economic efficiency. But this will only be possible if the right policy context for LULUCF is put in place. The high variability of emissions and removals in forests means that annual emission reduction targets of the kind that apply to other sectors are unsuitable. The long lead times needed for mitigation measures to take effect also set LULUCF apart from most other sectors. In view of this, the impact assessment indicated that a separate legal framework for LULUCF would be the preferred option.

In terms of accounting, the suitable options identified included mandatory accounting of emissions and removals from both forestry and agricultural activities and giving equal weight to mitigation action irrespective of whether it was taken in the forestry, agriculture, related industries or energy sectors.

LEGAL BASIS: Article 192(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

CONTENT: the main objective of this Decision is to establish robust and comprehensive accounting rules for LULUCF as well as to enable future policy development towards the full inclusion of LULUCF in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments when the conditions are right. To this end this Decision establishes a framework for:

a mandatory accounting obligation on Member States as regards greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks associated with agricultural and forestry activities in the LULUCF sector and voluntary accounting for revegetation and wetland drainage and rewetting; the general accounting rules that must be applied; the specific accounting rules for afforestation, reforestation, deforestation, forest management, changes in the harvested wood products pool, cropland management, grazing land management, revegetation, and wetland drainage and rewetting; the specific rules for accounting for natural disturbances ; adopting LULUCF Action Plans in Member States designed to limit or reduce emissions by sources and maintain or increase removals by sinks associated with LULUCF activities, and for the evaluation of those plans by the Commission; the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in order to:

1. update the definitions in the light of changes to definitions adopted by the bodies of the UNFCCC or the Kyoto Protocol or other multilateral agreement relevant to climate change concluded by the Union;

2. amend Annex I to add accounting periods and ensure consistency between those accounting periods and the relevant periods applicable to Union emission reduction commitments in other sectors,

3. amend Annex II with updated reference levels in accordance with the proposed reference levels submitted by Member States pursuant to Article 6 subject to corrections made in accordance with this Decision;

4. revise the information specified in Annex III in accordance with scientific progress and to revise the conditions relating to the accounting rules for natural disturbances laid down in Article 9(2) in the light of scientific progress or to reflect revisions to acts adopted by UNFCCC or Kyoto Protocol bodies.

BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: this Decision will be implemented using the existing budget and will not have an impact on the multi-annual financial framework.

DELEGATED ACTS: this proposal contains provisions empowering the Commission to adopted delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

2012/03/12
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2012/03/12
   EC - Document attached to the procedure

Documents

AmendmentsDossier
308 2012/0042(COD)
2012/07/20 ENVI 258 amendments...
source: PE-492.911
2012/09/04 AGRI 50 amendments...
source: PE-494.621

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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MAŠTÁLKA Jiří
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European United Left - Nordic Green Left
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  • date: 2012-07-02T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE491.221 title: PE491.221 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2012-07-20T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE492.911 title: PE492.911 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
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  • date: 2012-09-18T00:00:00 docs: url: https://dm.eesc.europa.eu/EESCDocumentSearch/Pages/redresults.aspx?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:1167)(documentyear:2012)(documentlanguage:EN) title: CES1167/2012 type: Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report body: ESC
  • date: 2012-09-19T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE489.490&secondRef=02 title: PE489.490 committee: AGRI type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2012-10-10T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE497.790 title: PE497.790 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2013-04-30T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=22064&j=0&l=en title: SP(2013)306 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
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  • date: 2012-05-15T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2012)0093 title: COM(2012)0093 type: Contribution body: PL_SENATE
  • date: 2012-05-04T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2012)0093 title: COM(2012)0093 type: Contribution body: PT_PARLIAMENT
  • date: 2012-05-04T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2012)0093 title: COM(2012)0093 type: Contribution body: AT_BUNDESRAT
  • date: 2012-06-20T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2012)0093 title: COM(2012)0093 type: Contribution body: CZ_SENATE
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  • date: 2012-03-12T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2012/0093/COM_COM(2012)0093_EN.pdf title: COM(2012)0093 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2012&nu_doc=93 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to gradually integrate the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector into the Union’s climate policy by means of a separate legal framework which addresses the sector’s specific profile and by ensuring a robust and harmonised accounting framework. PROPOSED ACT: Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council. BACKGROUND: appropriate land uses and management practices in forestry and agriculture can limit emissions of carbon and enhance removals from the atmosphere. Such practices are covered by the LULUCF sector, which comprises mostly carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and removals by terrestrial ecosystems, generally estimated as carbon stock changes. Agriculture, forestry, related industries and energy are the most important economic sectors relevant for LULUCF and they can contribute to the reduction of emissions and enhancement of sinks in several ways. Although the LULUCF sector does not yet count towards the Union’s emission reduction target for 2020, it counts in part towards the Union’s commitment under the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC for the period from 2008 to 2012. However, the existing international accounting rules, which are a mix of voluntary and mandatory practices, have significant drawbacks . Most importantly, accounting is voluntary for most LULUCF activities, notably for forest management (representing about 70% of the sector) and for cropland and grazing-land management (representing about 17% of the sector). As a result, accounting in this first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol varies greatly between Member States. Another drawback is the lack of incentives for climate change mitigation in forestry. Improvements in accounting are necessary to create a level playing field within the agricultural, forestry and related industries and energy sectors in the Member States with a view to ensuring their consistent treatment within the Union’s internal market. IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment investigated three key issues that need to be addressed when assessing how LULUCF should be included in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments, namely how to: ensure robust accounting rules for emissions and removals; achieve robust monitoring and reporting; establish the appropriate policy context for bringing the sector into the Union’s climate change commitments. Based on the policy context for including the sector in the Union’s commitments currently regulated by the ESD and the EU ETS, the impact assessment considered three options for including LULUCF , namely as part of the ESD, as a separate framework or by delaying inclusion altogether. Each option addressed the issues of accounting and monitoring. The potential social, economic and environmental impacts of the various options were considered in detail. The impact assessment concluded that there were good reasons to include LULUCF in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission-reduction commitments, namely to improve their policy coherence, environmental integrity and economic efficiency. But this will only be possible if the right policy context for LULUCF is put in place. The high variability of emissions and removals in forests means that annual emission reduction targets of the kind that apply to other sectors are unsuitable. The long lead times needed for mitigation measures to take effect also set LULUCF apart from most other sectors. In view of this, the impact assessment indicated that a separate legal framework for LULUCF would be the preferred option. In terms of accounting, the suitable options identified included mandatory accounting of emissions and removals from both forestry and agricultural activities and giving equal weight to mitigation action irrespective of whether it was taken in the forestry, agriculture, related industries or energy sectors. LEGAL BASIS: Article 192(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). CONTENT: the main objective of this Decision is to establish robust and comprehensive accounting rules for LULUCF as well as to enable future policy development towards the full inclusion of LULUCF in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments when the conditions are right. To this end this Decision establishes a framework for: a mandatory accounting obligation on Member States as regards greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks associated with agricultural and forestry activities in the LULUCF sector and voluntary accounting for revegetation and wetland drainage and rewetting; the general accounting rules that must be applied; the specific accounting rules for afforestation, reforestation, deforestation, forest management, changes in the harvested wood products pool, cropland management, grazing land management, revegetation, and wetland drainage and rewetting; the specific rules for accounting for natural disturbances ; adopting LULUCF Action Plans in Member States designed to limit or reduce emissions by sources and maintain or increase removals by sinks associated with LULUCF activities, and for the evaluation of those plans by the Commission; the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in order to: 1. update the definitions in the light of changes to definitions adopted by the bodies of the UNFCCC or the Kyoto Protocol or other multilateral agreement relevant to climate change concluded by the Union; 2. amend Annex I to add accounting periods and ensure consistency between those accounting periods and the relevant periods applicable to Union emission reduction commitments in other sectors, 3. amend Annex II with updated reference levels in accordance with the proposed reference levels submitted by Member States pursuant to Article 6 subject to corrections made in accordance with this Decision; 4. revise the information specified in Annex III in accordance with scientific progress and to revise the conditions relating to the accounting rules for natural disturbances laid down in Article 9(2) in the light of scientific progress or to reflect revisions to acts adopted by UNFCCC or Kyoto Protocol bodies. BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: this Decision will be implemented using the existing budget and will not have an impact on the multi-annual financial framework. DELEGATED ACTS: this proposal contains provisions empowering the Commission to adopted delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
  • date: 2012-03-15T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2012-06-11T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3173*&MEET_DATE=11/06/2012 title: 3173 summary: The Council had an orientation debate on the proposal for a decision on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF). The Commission proposes that member states should establish, for each accounting period, national action plans on measures to limit or reduce emissions and to maintain or increase removals from the LULUCF sector. The national action plans are aimed at stimulating the mitigation potential of the sector, increasing the visibility of measures taken and promoting best practice. Ministers discussed two main issues : the proposed phased approach and its implications and the role and implementation of the proposed national action plans. Member states generally welcomed the Commission's proposal and its phased approach. Concerning the timing and conditions for the second step (i.e. the formal inclusion of the sector in the EU’s greenhouse emission reduction commitment) there were different views around the table. For some delegations, this step should be taken as soon as possible, whereas for others it is linked to new or revised emission reduction commitments. The Presidency concluded that this complex issue needs to be explored both in more depth and taking account of the wider context of the EU climate policy. Overall, it was considered very important to ensure consistency of the proposal with decisions taken in the context of the UNFCCC. As regards the national action plans , ministers generally agreed on the importance to stimulating the mitigation potential of the LULUCF sector and of increasing the visibility of the mitigation efforts by farmers, forest owners and all other actors concerned. Furthermore, many delegations pointed out that the sector should not be considered in isolation but in an integrated way and by making use of synergies with existing policies at EU and national level. Several ministers stressed the need to avoid creating any unnecessary administrative burden or duplication of work and to take due account of national circumstances and competencies at each level. Many delegations were of the view that member states themselves are best placed to decide on the appropriate measures. The guiding principles resulting from this debate will be taken into account with a view to further discussions and progress on this file.
  • date: 2012-10-10T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2012-10-15T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2012-317&language=EN title: A7-0317/2012 summary: The Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the report by Kriton ARSENIS (S&D, EL) on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF). The parliamentary committee recommends that the position of the European Parliament adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should be to amend the Commission’s proposal as follows: Purpose and scope: the report specifies that the Decision lays down the obligations of Member States in implementing those accounting rules and action plans. It does not lay down any accounting or reporting obligations for private parties . Definitions: clarifications proposed by Members relate to the following: carbon stock, reforestation, afforestation, deforestation, harvested wood product, natural disturbances, background level, margin, half-life value and instantaneous oxidation method. Accounting obligations: Members propose that wetland drainage and wetland rewetting , within one year following the publication of relevant guidance published by the IPCCC should be considered as activities for which accounting obligations should be introduced. General accounting rules: an amendment stipulates that Member States shall make any necessary recalculations in order to include in their existing and newly established accounts, the carbon pools and greenhouse gases referred to in the Decision. Forestry management: Member States shall account for emissions and removals resulting from forest management activities. Reference levels for forest management shall be identical to those established by acts approved by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ( UNFCCC ) or Kyoto bodies. Harvested wood products (HWPs): HWPs as such shall not be considered as emissions of greenhouse gas . Furthermore, Member States shalldistinguish between products originating from deforestation and forest management. Imported harvest wood products irrespective of their origin, shall not be accounted for by the importing Member State. Members propose that: (i) Member States electing to use country-specific half-life values for exported harvest wood products shall notify the Commission for review and approval; (ii) Member States shall not use country-specific half-life values for HWPs placed on the market in the Union that deviate from those used by the importing Member State in their accounts. In addition, the report proposes to invite Member States: (i) to account for emissions resulting from harvest wood products resulting from deforestation on the basis of instantaneous oxidation , and (ii) to provide information about the country of harvest of the HWP and whether it was harvested in a sustainable manner . Natural disturbances: in Members’ opinion, the Decision should provide Member States, within certain limits, to use a limited possibility to exclude emissions resulting from disturbances in afforestation, reforestation and forest management that are beyond their control from their LULUCF accounts through the use of background levels and margins in accordance with Decision 2/CMP.7. Member States shall, assisted by the Commission where appropriate, make any technical corrections or recalculations to their forest management reference level to include the background level of emissions associated with annual natural disturbances. In addition, Member States should provide transparent information showing, among other things, how annual emissions resulting from natural disturbances and the subsequent removals in those areas are estimated. They should not exclude from accounting emissions from natural disturbances on those lands that are subject to land-use change following the disturbance. LULUCF Action Plans: Members propose that the content of LULUCF Action Plans is laid down so as to include: (i) historic trends to the extent that those can reasonably be reconstructed; (ii) projections for emissions and removals consistent with the trends in population, infrastructure development, energy use, agriculture intensity and forestry, for the respective accounting period; and (iii) a list of the most appropriate measures to meet national circumstances, to be adopted in order to pursue the mitigation potential. The Commission shall provide assistance and adopt structural guidelines for the LULUCF Action Plans. An ad hoc working group of national experts should be constituted in order to evaluate the implementation of the national action plans together with the Commission. The Commission may issue practicable recommendations, as appropriate, with a view to enhancing Member States´ efforts. Lastly, the Decision should provide for early and effective opportunities for the public to participate during the preparation, modification and review of these LULUCF Action Plans.
  • date: 2012-12-17T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3211*&MEET_DATE=17/12/2012 title: 3211
  • date: 2013-03-11T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20130311&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2013-03-12T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2013-63 title: T7-0063/2013 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 635 votes to 42 with 3 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF). Parliament adopted its position in first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure. The amendments adopted in plenary are the result of a compromise agreement negotiated between Parliament and Council. The main amendments are as follows: Purpose and scope: the amended text states that the Decision sets out accounting rules applicable to emissions and removals of greenhouse gases resulting from land use, land-use change and forestry (‘LULUCF’) activities, as a first step towards the inclusion of those activities in the Union's emission reduction commitment, when appropriate. It does not lay down any accounting or reporting obligations for private parties. Definitions: Members insert a definition for ‘background level’ which means the average emissions caused by natural disturbances in a given time period, excluding statistical outliers, calculated in accordance with the provisions in the Decision. Obligation to prepare and maintain LULUCF accounts : Member States must prepare and maintain their accounts ensuring the accuracy, completeness, consistency, comparability and transparency of relevant information used in estimating emissions and removals from the LULUCF sector in line with guidance provided in relevant Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories , including on methodologies for accounting for non-CO 2 greenhouse gas emissions adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Accounting period beginning on 1 January 2021: annual accounts should accurately reflect all emissions and removals resulting from the activities on their territory falling within the following categories: (a) cropland management ; (b) grazing land management . Accounting period from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2020 : Member States must: · from 2016 to 2018 , report to the Commission by 15 March each year on the systems in place and being developed to estimate emissions and removals from cropland management and grazing land management; · prior to 1 January 2022 , submit to the Commission by 15 March each year initial, preliminary and non-binding annual estimates of emissions and removals from cropland management and grazing land management using, where appropriate, IPCC methodologies; · no later than 15 March 2022 , submit their final annual estimates for accounting of cropland management and grazing land management. Member States wishing to benefit from a derogation shall submit a reasoned request to the Commission by 15 January 2021. Afforestation, reforestation and deforestation : in accounts relating to afforestation and reforestation, Member States shall reflect emissions and removals resulting only from such activities taking place on those lands that were not forest on 31 December 1989 . Member States may reflect emissions from afforestation and reforestation in a single account. Forest management : Member States shall account for emissions and removals resulting from forest management activities. The reference levels shall be identical to those established by acts approved by the bodies of the UNFCCC or of the Kyoto Protocol. Harvested wood products : each Member State shall reflect in its accounts emissions and removals resulting from changes in the pool of harvested wood products, including emissions from harvested wood products removed from its forests prior to 1 January 2013 . Emissions from harvested wood products already accounted for under the Kyoto Protocol during the period from 2008 to 2012 on the basis of instantaneous oxidation shall be excluded. For exported harvested wood products, country-specific data refers to country-specific half-life values and harvested wood products usage in the importing country. Furthermore, Member States shall not use country-specific half-life values for harvested wood products placed on the market in the Union that deviate from those used by the importing Member State. Harvested wood products resulting from deforestation shall be accounted for on the basis of instantaneous oxidation . Natural disturbances : the text states that natural disturbances, such as wildfires, insect and disease infestations, extreme weather events and geological disturbances that are beyond the control of, and not materially influenced by, a Member State, may result in greenhouse gas emissions of a temporary nature in the LULUCF sector, or may cause the reversal of previous removals. As reversal can also be the result of management decisions, such as decisions to harvest or plant trees, this Decision ensures that LULUCF accounts always accurately reflect human-induced reversals of removals. Moreover, the new Decision should provide Member States with a limited possibility to exclude emissions through the use of background levels and margins in accordance with Decision 2/CMP.7, of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, adopted by the 17th Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC to exclude emissions resulting from disturbances in afforestation, reforestation and forest management that are beyond their control from their LULUCF accounts. Wetland drainage and rewetting : a new recital recalls that emissions from degrading and draining peatlands correspond to approximately 5 % of global greenhouse gas emissions and represented between 3.5 and 4 % of the Union's emissions in 2010. Therefore, as soon as relevant IPCC guidelines are internationally agreed, the Union should endeavour to advance the issue at the international level with a view to reaching an agreement within the bodies of the UNFCCC or of the Kyoto Protocol on the obligation to prepare annual accounts of emissions and removals from activities falling within the categories of wetland drainage and rewetting and with a view to including this obligation in the global climate agreement to be concluded no later than 2015. Information on LULUCF actions : no later than 18 months after the beginning of each accounting period, Member States shall transmit to the Commission information on their current and future LULUCF actions to limit or reduce emissions and maintain or increase removals resulting from the activities referred to in the Decision, as a separate document. Information on LULUCF actions shall include, amongst other things: (i) a description of past trends of emissions and removals including, where possible, historic trends , to the extent that they can reasonably be reconstructed; (ii) a list of the most appropriate measures to take into account national circumstances, that are to be implemented in order to pursue the mitigation potential. The Commission may provide guidance and technical assistance to Member States to facilitate the exchange of information and best practices among Member States. Member States shall make available to the public the information on their LULUCF actions.
  • date: 2013-04-22T00:00:00 type: Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading body: EP/CSL
  • date: 2013-05-21T00:00:00 type: Final act signed body: CSL
  • date: 2013-05-21T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2013-06-18T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: to gradually integrate the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector into the Union’s climate policy by means of a separate legal framework which addresses the sector’s specific profile and by ensuring a robust and harmonised accounting framework. LEGISLATIVE ACT: Decision No 529/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on accounting rules on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities relating to land use, land-use change and forestry and on information concerning actions relating to those activities. CONTENT: this Decision sets out a harmonised legal framework for comprehensive and robust accounting rules applicable to emissions and removals of greenhouse gases resulting from land use, land- use change and forestry (‘LULUCF’) activities which are consistent with relevant decisions adopted within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) framework. The decision represents a first step towards the inclusion of LULUCF activities in the EU's greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments. The LULUCF sector can contribute to climate change mitigation in several ways in particular by reducing emissions, and maintaining and enhancing sinks and carbon stocks. Obligation to prepare and maintain LULUCF accounts : Member States shall prepare and maintain accounts that accurately reflect all emissions and removals resulting from the activities on their territory falling within the following categories: afforestation; reforestation; deforestation; forest management as well as cropland management and grazing land management. They may also prepare and maintain accounts that accurately reflect emissions and removals resulting from revegetation and wetland drainage and rewetting. The accounting rules should ensure that accounts accurately reflect human-induced changes in emissions and removals. Natural disturbances : the Decision stipulates that natural disturbances, such as wildfires, insect and disease infestations, extreme weather events and geological disturbances that are beyond the control of, and not materially influenced by, a Member State, may result in greenhouse gas emissions of a temporary nature in the LULUCF sector, or may cause the reversal of previous removals. As reversal can also be the result of management decisions, such as decisions to harvest or plant trees, this Decision should ensure that human- induced reversals of removals are always accurately reflected in LULUCF accounts. Information on LULUCF actions : Member States should provide information on their current and future LULUCF actions, setting out nationally appropriate measures to limit or reduce emissions and to maintain or increase removals from the LULUCF sector. Information on LULUCF actions shall include, amongst other things: (i) a description of past trends of emissions and removals including, where possible, historic trends, to the extent that they can reasonably be reconstructed; (ii) a list of the most appropriate measures to take into account national circumstances, that are to be implemented in order to pursue the mitigation potential. Moreover, to promote best practice and synergies with other policies and measures relating to forests and agriculture, an indicative list of measures that may also be included in the information provided should be set out in an Annex to this Decision. The Commission may provide guidance to facilitate the exchange of comparable information . Member States shall make available to the public the information on their LULUCF actions. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 08.07.2013. DELEGATED ACTS: the power to adopt acts should be delegated to the Commission to update the definitions laid down in this Decision in accordance with changes to definitions adopted by the bodies of the UNFCCC or the Kyoto Protocol or of agreements deriving from or succeeding them. The power to adopt delegated acts shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of eight years from 8 July 2013 . The European Parliament or the Council may raise objections to a delegated act within a period of two months from the date of notification (this may be extended by two months.) If the European Parliament or Council express objections, the delegated act will not enter into force. docs: title: Decision 2013/529 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32013D0529 title: OJ L 165 18.06.2013, p. 0080 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2013:165:TOC
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  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/clima/mission/index_en.htm title: Climate Action commissioner: HEDEGAARD Connie
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  • name: European Committee of the Regions
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  • 3.10 Agricultural policy and economies
  • 3.10.11 Forestry policy
  • 3.40 Industrial policy
  • 3.60 Energy policy
  • 3.70.02 Atmospheric pollution, motor vehicle pollution
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Greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF): accounting rules and action plans
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Greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF): accounting rules and information on actions
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  • PURPOSE: to gradually integrate the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector into the Union’s climate policy by means of a separate legal framework which addresses the sector’s specific profile and by ensuring a robust and harmonised accounting framework.

    LEGISLATIVE ACT: Decision No 529/2013/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on accounting rules on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities relating to land use, land-use change and forestry and on information concerning actions relating to those activities.

    CONTENT: this Decision sets out a harmonised legal framework for comprehensive and robust accounting rules applicable to emissions and removals of greenhouse gases resulting from land use, land- use change and forestry (‘LULUCF’) activities which are consistent with relevant decisions adopted within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) framework.

    The decision represents a first step towards the inclusion of LULUCF activities in the EU's greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments. The LULUCF sector can contribute to climate change mitigation in several ways in particular by reducing emissions, and maintaining and enhancing sinks and carbon stocks.

    Obligation to prepare and maintain LULUCF accounts: Member States shall prepare and maintain accounts that accurately reflect all emissions and removals resulting from the activities on their territory falling within the following categories: afforestation; reforestation; deforestation; forest management as well as cropland management and grazing land management. They may also prepare and maintain accounts that accurately reflect emissions and removals resulting from revegetation and wetland drainage and rewetting.

    The accounting rules should ensure that accounts accurately reflect human-induced changes in emissions and removals.

    Natural disturbances: the Decision stipulates that natural disturbances, such as wildfires, insect and disease infestations, extreme weather events and geological disturbances that are beyond the control of, and not materially influenced by, a Member State, may result in greenhouse gas emissions of a temporary nature in the LULUCF sector, or may cause the reversal of previous removals. As reversal can also be the result of management decisions, such as decisions to harvest or plant trees, this Decision should ensure that human- induced reversals of removals are always accurately reflected in LULUCF accounts.

    Information on LULUCF actions: Member States should provide information on their current and future LULUCF actions, setting out nationally appropriate measures to limit or reduce emissions and to maintain or increase removals from the LULUCF sector.

    Information on LULUCF actions shall include, amongst other things: (i) a description of past trends of emissions and removals including, where possible, historic trends, to the extent that they can reasonably be reconstructed; (ii) a list of the most appropriate measures to take into account national circumstances, that are to be implemented in order to pursue the mitigation potential.

    Moreover, to promote best practice and synergies with other policies and measures relating to forests and agriculture, an indicative list of measures that may also be included in the information provided should be set out in an Annex to this Decision.

    The Commission may provide guidance to facilitate the exchange of comparable information.

    Member States shall make available to the public the information on their LULUCF actions.

    ENTRY INTO FORCE: 08.07.2013.

    DELEGATED ACTS: the power to adopt acts should be delegated to the Commission to update the definitions laid down in this Decision in accordance with changes to definitions adopted by the bodies of the UNFCCC or the Kyoto Protocol or of agreements deriving from or succeeding them. The power to adopt delegated acts shall be conferred on the Commission for a period of eight years from 8 July 2013. The European Parliament or the Council may raise objections to a delegated act within a period of two months from the date of notification (this may be extended by two months.) If the European Parliament or Council express objections, the delegated act will not enter into force.

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  • body: EP shadows: group: PPE name: MORKŪNAITĖ-MIKULĖNIENĖ Radvilė group: ALDE name: PAKARINEN Riikka group: Verts/ALE name: EICKHOUT Bas group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie group: GUE/NGL name: MAŠTÁLKA Jiří responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2012-04-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: S&D name: ARSENIS Kriton
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
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  • url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32013D0529 title: Decision 2013/529
  • url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32013D0529&from=EN title: OJ L 165 18.06.2013, p. 0080
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committees/1/shadows/3/group
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activities/1/committees/1/shadows/0/group
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activities/1/committees/1/shadows/0/group
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activities/1/committees/1/shadows/1/group
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activities/1/committees/1/shadows/3/group
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activities/1/committees/1/shadows/4/group
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New
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activities/3/committees/1/shadows/0/group
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activities/3/committees/1/shadows/1/group
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Old
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New
Verts/ALE
activities/3/committees/1/shadows/3/group
Old
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New
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activities/3/committees/1/shadows/4/group
Old
GUE/NGL
New
GUE/NGL
activities/4/committees/1/shadows/0/group
Old
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New
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activities/4/committees/1/shadows/1/group
Old
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New
ALDE
activities/4/committees/1/shadows/2/group
Old
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New
Verts/ALE
activities/4/committees/1/shadows/3/group
Old
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New
ECR
activities/4/committees/1/shadows/4/group
Old
GUE/NGL
New
GUE/NGL
committees/1/shadows/0/group
Old
PPE
New
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committees/1/shadows/1/group
Old
ALDE
New
ALDE
committees/1/shadows/2/group
Old
Verts/ALE
New
Verts/ALE
committees/1/shadows/3/group
Old
ECR
New
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committees/1/shadows/4/group
Old
GUE/NGL
New
GUE/NGL
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/0/group
Old
PPE
New
PPE
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/1/group
Old
ALDE
New
ALDE
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/2/group
Old
Verts/ALE
New
Verts/ALE
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/3/group
Old
ECR
New
ECR
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/4/group
Old
GUE/NGL
New
GUE/NGL
activities/3/committees/1/shadows/0/group
Old
PPE
New
PPE
activities/3/committees/1/shadows/1/group
Old
ALDE
New
ALDE
activities/3/committees/1/shadows/2/group
Old
Verts/ALE
New
Verts/ALE
activities/3/committees/1/shadows/3/group
Old
ECR
New
ECR
activities/3/committees/1/shadows/4/group
Old
GUE/NGL
New
GUE/NGL
activities/4/committees/1/shadows/0/group
Old
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New
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activities/4/committees/1/shadows/1/group
Old
ALDE
New
ALDE
activities/4/committees/1/shadows/2/group
Old
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New
Verts/ALE
activities/4/committees/1/shadows/3/group
Old
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New
ECR
activities/4/committees/1/shadows/4/group
Old
GUE/NGL
New
GUE/NGL
committees/1/shadows/0/group
Old
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New
PPE
committees/1/shadows/1/group
Old
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New
ALDE
committees/1/shadows/2/group
Old
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New
Verts/ALE
committees/1/shadows/3/group
Old
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committees/1/shadows/4/group
Old
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New
GUE/NGL
activities/1/committees/0/date
2012-04-23T00:00:00
activities/1/committees/0/rapporteur
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
activities/1/committees/1/date
2012-04-12T00:00:00
activities/1/committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: S&D name: ARSENIS Kriton
activities/1/committees/1/shadows
  • group: PPE name: MORKŪNAITĖ-MIKULĖNIENĖ Radvilė
  • group: ALDE name: PAKARINEN Riikka
  • group: Verts/ALE name: EICKHOUT Bas
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MAŠTÁLKA Jiří
activities/3/committees/0/date
2012-04-23T00:00:00
activities/3/committees/0/rapporteur
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
activities/3/committees/1/date
2012-04-12T00:00:00
activities/3/committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: S&D name: ARSENIS Kriton
activities/3/committees/1/shadows
  • group: PPE name: MORKŪNAITĖ-MIKULĖNIENĖ Radvilė
  • group: ALDE name: PAKARINEN Riikka
  • group: Verts/ALE name: EICKHOUT Bas
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MAŠTÁLKA Jiří
activities/4/committees/0/date
2012-04-23T00:00:00
activities/4/committees/0/rapporteur
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
activities/4/committees/1/date
2012-04-12T00:00:00
activities/4/committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: S&D name: ARSENIS Kriton
activities/4/committees/1/shadows
  • group: PPE name: MORKŪNAITĖ-MIKULĖNIENĖ Radvilė
  • group: ALDE name: PAKARINEN Riikka
  • group: Verts/ALE name: EICKHOUT Bas
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MAŠTÁLKA Jiří
committees/0/date
2012-04-23T00:00:00
committees/0/rapporteur
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
committees/1/date
2012-04-12T00:00:00
committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: S&D name: ARSENIS Kriton
committees/1/shadows
  • group: PPE name: MORKŪNAITĖ-MIKULĖNIENĖ Radvilė
  • group: ALDE name: PAKARINEN Riikka
  • group: Verts/ALE name: EICKHOUT Bas
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MAŠTÁLKA Jiří
activities/1/committees/0/date
2012-04-23T00:00:00
activities/1/committees/0/rapporteur
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
activities/1/committees/1/date
2012-04-12T00:00:00
activities/1/committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: S&D name: ARSENIS Kriton
activities/1/committees/1/shadows
  • group: EPP name: MORKŪNAITĖ-MIKULĖNIENĖ Radvilė
  • group: ALDE name: PAKARINEN Riikka
  • group: Verts/ALE name: EICKHOUT Bas
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MAŠTÁLKA Jiří
activities/3/committees/0/date
2012-04-23T00:00:00
activities/3/committees/0/rapporteur
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
activities/3/committees/1/date
2012-04-12T00:00:00
activities/3/committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: S&D name: ARSENIS Kriton
activities/3/committees/1/shadows
  • group: EPP name: MORKŪNAITĖ-MIKULĖNIENĖ Radvilė
  • group: ALDE name: PAKARINEN Riikka
  • group: Verts/ALE name: EICKHOUT Bas
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MAŠTÁLKA Jiří
activities/4/committees/0/date
2012-04-23T00:00:00
activities/4/committees/0/rapporteur
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
activities/4/committees/1/date
2012-04-12T00:00:00
activities/4/committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: S&D name: ARSENIS Kriton
activities/4/committees/1/shadows
  • group: EPP name: MORKŪNAITĖ-MIKULĖNIENĖ Radvilė
  • group: ALDE name: PAKARINEN Riikka
  • group: Verts/ALE name: EICKHOUT Bas
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MAŠTÁLKA Jiří
committees/0/date
2012-04-23T00:00:00
committees/0/rapporteur
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
committees/1/date
2012-04-12T00:00:00
committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: S&D name: ARSENIS Kriton
committees/1/shadows
  • group: EPP name: MORKŪNAITĖ-MIKULĖNIENĖ Radvilė
  • group: ALDE name: PAKARINEN Riikka
  • group: Verts/ALE name: EICKHOUT Bas
  • group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MAŠTÁLKA Jiří
activities/2/docs
  • url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3173*&MEET_DATE=11/06/2012 type: Debate in Council title: 3173
activities/2/text
  • The Council had an orientation debate on the proposal for a decision on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF).

    The Commission proposes that member states should establish, for each accounting period, national action plans on measures to limit or reduce emissions and to maintain or increase removals from the LULUCF sector. The national action plans are aimed at stimulating the mitigation potential of the sector, increasing the visibility of measures taken and promoting best practice.

    Ministers discussed two main issues: the proposed phased approach and its implications and the role and implementation of the proposed national action plans. Member states generally welcomed the Commission's proposal and its phased approach.

    Concerning the timing and conditions for the second step (i.e. the formal inclusion of the sector in the EU’s greenhouse emission reduction commitment) there were different views around the table. For some delegations, this step should be taken as soon as possible, whereas for others it is linked to new or revised emission reduction commitments. The Presidency concluded that this complex issue needs to be explored both in more depth and taking account of the wider context of the EU climate policy. Overall, it was considered very important to ensure consistency of the proposal with decisions taken

    in the context of the UNFCCC.

    As regards the national action plans, ministers generally agreed on the importance to stimulating the mitigation potential of the LULUCF sector and of increasing the visibility of the mitigation efforts by farmers, forest owners and all other actors concerned. Furthermore, many delegations pointed out that the sector should not be considered in isolation but in an integrated way and by making use of synergies with existing policies at EU and national level.

    Several ministers stressed the need to avoid creating any unnecessary administrative burden or duplication of work and to take due account of national circumstances and competencies at each level.

    Many delegations were of the view that member states themselves are best placed to decide on the appropriate measures. The guiding principles resulting from this debate will be taken into account with a view to further discussions and progress on this file.

activities/5/docs
  • url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3211*&MEET_DATE=17/12/2012 type: Debate in Council title: 3211
activities/2/docs
  • url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&ff_FT_TEXT=3173&dd_DATE_REUNION=11/06/2012&single_date=11/06/2012 type: Debate in Council title: 3173
activities/2/text
  • The Council had an orientation debate on the proposal for a decision on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF).

    The Commission proposes that member states should establish, for each accounting period, national action plans on measures to limit or reduce emissions and to maintain or increase removals from the LULUCF sector. The national action plans are aimed at stimulating the mitigation potential of the sector, increasing the visibility of measures taken and promoting best practice.

    Ministers discussed two main issues: the proposed phased approach and its implications and the role and implementation of the proposed national action plans. Member states generally welcomed the Commission's proposal and its phased approach.

    Concerning the timing and conditions for the second step (i.e. the formal inclusion of the sector in the EU’s greenhouse emission reduction commitment) there were different views around the table. For some delegations, this step should be taken as soon as possible, whereas for others it is linked to new or revised emission reduction commitments. The Presidency concluded that this complex issue needs to be explored both in more depth and taking account of the wider context of the EU climate policy. Overall, it was considered very important to ensure consistency of the proposal with decisions taken

    in the context of the UNFCCC.

    As regards the national action plans, ministers generally agreed on the importance to stimulating the mitigation potential of the LULUCF sector and of increasing the visibility of the mitigation efforts by farmers, forest owners and all other actors concerned. Furthermore, many delegations pointed out that the sector should not be considered in isolation but in an integrated way and by making use of synergies with existing policies at EU and national level.

    Several ministers stressed the need to avoid creating any unnecessary administrative burden or duplication of work and to take due account of national circumstances and competencies at each level.

    Many delegations were of the view that member states themselves are best placed to decide on the appropriate measures. The guiding principles resulting from this debate will be taken into account with a view to further discussions and progress on this file.

activities/5/docs
  • url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&ff_FT_TEXT=3211&dd_DATE_REUNION=17/12/2012&single_date=17/12/2012 type: Debate in Council title: 3211
activities/2/docs/0/url
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  • DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/clima/mission/index_en.htm title: Climate Action Commissioner: HEDEGAARD Connie
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  • body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2012-04-23T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie
  • body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: MORKŪNAITĖ-MIKULĖNIENĖ Radvilė group: ALDE name: PAKARINEN Riikka group: Verts/ALE name: EICKHOUT Bas group: ECR name: GIRLING Julie group: GUE/NGL name: MAŠTÁLKA Jiří responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2012-04-12T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: S&D name: ARSENIS Kriton
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
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  • The European Parliament adopted by 635 votes to 42 with 3 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF).

    Parliament adopted its position in first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure. The amendments adopted in plenary are the result of a compromise agreement negotiated between Parliament and Council. The main amendments are as follows:

    Purpose and scope: the amended text states that the Decision sets out accounting rules applicable to emissions and removals of greenhouse gases resulting from land use, land-use change and forestry (‘LULUCF’) activities, as a first step towards the inclusion of those activities in the Union's emission reduction commitment, when appropriate. It does not lay down any accounting or reporting obligations for private parties.

    Definitions: Members insert a definition for ‘background level’ which means the average emissions caused by natural disturbances in a given time period, excluding statistical outliers, calculated in accordance with the provisions in the Decision.

    Obligation to prepare and maintain LULUCF accounts: Member States must prepare and maintain their accounts ensuring the accuracy, completeness, consistency, comparability and transparency of relevant information used in estimating emissions and removals from the LULUCF sector in line with guidance provided in relevant Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, including on methodologies for accounting for non-CO 2 greenhouse gas emissions adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

    Accounting period beginning on 1 January 2021: annual accounts should accurately reflect all emissions and removals resulting from the activities on their territory falling within the following categories: (a) cropland management; (b) grazing land management.

    Accounting period from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2020: Member States must:

    ·        from 2016 to 2018, report to the Commission by 15 March each year on the systems in place and being developed to estimate emissions and removals from cropland management and grazing land management;

    ·        prior to 1 January 2022, submit to the Commission by 15 March each year initial, preliminary and non-binding annual estimates of emissions and removals from cropland management and grazing land management using, where appropriate, IPCC methodologies;

    ·        no later than 15 March 2022, submit their final annual estimates for accounting of cropland management and grazing land management.

    Member States wishing to benefit from a derogation shall submit a reasoned request to the Commission by 15 January 2021.

    Afforestation, reforestation and deforestation: in accounts relating to afforestation and reforestation, Member States shall reflect emissions and removals resulting only from such activities taking place on those lands that were not forest on 31 December 1989. Member States may reflect emissions from afforestation and reforestation in a single account.

    Forest management: Member States shall account for emissions and removals resulting from forest management activities. The reference levels shall be identical to those established by acts approved by the bodies of the UNFCCC or of the Kyoto Protocol.

    Harvested wood products: each Member State shall reflect in its accounts emissions and removals resulting from changes in the pool of harvested wood products, including emissions from harvested wood products removed from its forests prior to 1 January 2013. Emissions from harvested wood products already accounted for under the Kyoto Protocol during the period from 2008 to 2012 on the basis of instantaneous oxidation shall be excluded.

    For exported harvested wood products, country-specific data refers to country-specific half-life values and harvested wood products usage in the importing country.

    Furthermore, Member States shall not use country-specific half-life values for harvested wood products placed on the market in the Union that deviate from those used by the importing Member State.

    Harvested wood products resulting from deforestation shall be accounted for on the basis of instantaneous oxidation.

    Natural disturbances: the text states that natural disturbances, such as wildfires, insect and disease infestations, extreme weather events and geological disturbances that are beyond the control of, and not materially influenced by, a Member State, may result in greenhouse gas emissions of a temporary nature in the LULUCF sector, or may cause the reversal of previous removals. As reversal can also be the result of management decisions, such as decisions to harvest or plant trees, this Decision ensures that LULUCF accounts always accurately reflect human-induced reversals of removals.

    Moreover, the new Decision should provide Member States with a limited possibility to exclude emissions through the use of background levels and margins in accordance with Decision 2/CMP.7, of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, adopted by the 17th Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC to exclude emissions resulting from disturbances in afforestation, reforestation and forest management that are beyond their control from their LULUCF accounts.

    Wetland drainage and rewetting: a new recital recalls that emissions from degrading and draining peatlands correspond to approximately 5 % of global greenhouse gas emissions and represented between 3.5 and 4 % of the Union's emissions in 2010. Therefore, as soon as relevant IPCC guidelines are internationally agreed, the Union should endeavour to advance the issue at the international level with a view to reaching an agreement within the bodies of the UNFCCC or of the Kyoto Protocol on the obligation to prepare annual accounts of emissions and removals from activities falling within the categories of wetland drainage and rewetting and with a view to including this obligation in the global climate agreement to be concluded no later than 2015.

    Information on LULUCF actions: no later than 18 months after the beginning of each accounting period, Member States shall transmit to the Commission information on their current and future LULUCF actions to limit or reduce emissions and maintain or increase removals resulting from the activities referred to in the Decision, as a separate document.

    Information on LULUCF actions shall include, amongst other things: (i) a description of past trends of emissions and removals including, where possible, historic trends, to the extent that they can reasonably be reconstructed; (ii) a list of the most appropriate measures to take into account national circumstances, that are to be implemented in order to pursue the mitigation potential.

    The Commission may provide guidance and technical assistance to Member States to facilitate the exchange of information and best practices among Member States.

    Member States shall make available to the public the information on their LULUCF actions.

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activities/2/text
  • The Council had an orientation debate on the proposal for a decision on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF).

    The Commission proposes that member states should establish, for each accounting period, national action plans on measures to limit or reduce emissions and to maintain or increase removals from the LULUCF sector. The national action plans are aimed at stimulating the mitigation potential of the sector, increasing the visibility of measures taken and promoting best practice.

    Ministers discussed two main issues: the proposed phased approach and its implications and the role and implementation of the proposed national action plans. Member states generally welcomed the Commission's proposal and its phased approach.

    Concerning the timing and conditions for the second step (i.e. the formal inclusion of the sector in the EU’s greenhouse emission reduction commitment) there were different views around the table. For some delegations, this step should be taken as soon as possible, whereas for others it is linked to new or revised emission reduction commitments. The Presidency concluded that this complex issue needs to be explored both in more depth and taking account of the wider context of the EU climate policy. Overall, it was considered very important to ensure consistency of the proposal with decisions taken

    in the context of the UNFCCC.

    As regards the national action plans, ministers generally agreed on the importance to stimulating the mitigation potential of the LULUCF sector and of increasing the visibility of the mitigation efforts by farmers, forest owners and all other actors concerned. Furthermore, many delegations pointed out that the sector should not be considered in isolation but in an integrated way and by making use of synergies with existing policies at EU and national level.

    Several ministers stressed the need to avoid creating any unnecessary administrative burden or duplication of work and to take due account of national circumstances and competencies at each level.

    Many delegations were of the view that member states themselves are best placed to decide on the appropriate measures. The guiding principles resulting from this debate will be taken into account with a view to further discussions and progress on this file.

activities/8/docs
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activities/2/text
  • The Council had an orientation debate on the proposal for a decision on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF).

    The Commission proposes that member states should establish, for each accounting period, national action plans on measures to limit or reduce emissions and to maintain or increase removals from the LULUCF sector. The national action plans are aimed at stimulating the mitigation potential of the sector, increasing the visibility of measures taken and promoting best practice.

    Ministers discussed two main issues: the proposed phased approach and its implications and the role and implementation of the proposed national action plans. Member states generally welcomed the Commission's proposal and its phased approach.

    Concerning the timing and conditions for the second step (i.e. the formal inclusion of the sector in the EU’s greenhouse emission reduction commitment) there were different views around the table. For some delegations, this step should be taken as soon as possible, whereas for others it is linked to new or revised emission reduction commitments. The Presidency concluded that this complex issue needs to be explored both in more depth and taking account of the wider context of the EU climate policy. Overall, it was considered very important to ensure consistency of the proposal with decisions taken

    in the context of the UNFCCC.

    As regards the national action plans, ministers generally agreed on the importance to stimulating the mitigation potential of the LULUCF sector and of increasing the visibility of the mitigation efforts by farmers, forest owners and all other actors concerned. Furthermore, many delegations pointed out that the sector should not be considered in isolation but in an integrated way and by making use of synergies with existing policies at EU and national level.

    Several ministers stressed the need to avoid creating any unnecessary administrative burden or duplication of work and to take due account of national circumstances and competencies at each level.

    Many delegations were of the view that member states themselves are best placed to decide on the appropriate measures. The guiding principles resulting from this debate will be taken into account with a view to further discussions and progress on this file.

activities/8/docs
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  • The Council had an orientation debate on the proposal for a decision on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF).

    The Commission proposes that member states should establish, for each accounting period, national action plans on measures to limit or reduce emissions and to maintain or increase removals from the LULUCF sector. The national action plans are aimed at stimulating the mitigation potential of the sector, increasing the visibility of measures taken and promoting best practice.

    Ministers discussed two main issues: the proposed phased approach and its implications and the role and implementation of the proposed national action plans. Member states generally welcomed the Commission's proposal and its phased approach.

    Concerning the timing and conditions for the second step (i.e. the formal inclusion of the sector in the EU’s greenhouse emission reduction commitment) there were different views around the table. For some delegations, this step should be taken as soon as possible, whereas for others it is linked to new or revised emission reduction commitments. The Presidency concluded that this complex issue needs to be explored both in more depth and taking account of the wider context of the EU climate policy. Overall, it was considered very important to ensure consistency of the proposal with decisions taken

    in the context of the UNFCCC.

    As regards the national action plans, ministers generally agreed on the importance to stimulating the mitigation potential of the LULUCF sector and of increasing the visibility of the mitigation efforts by farmers, forest owners and all other actors concerned. Furthermore, many delegations pointed out that the sector should not be considered in isolation but in an integrated way and by making use of synergies with existing policies at EU and national level.

    Several ministers stressed the need to avoid creating any unnecessary administrative burden or duplication of work and to take due account of national circumstances and competencies at each level.

    Many delegations were of the view that member states themselves are best placed to decide on the appropriate measures. The guiding principles resulting from this debate will be taken into account with a view to further discussions and progress on this file.

activities/8/docs
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  • The European Parliament adopted by 635 votes to 42 with 3 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF).

    Parliament adopted its position in first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure. The amendments adopted in plenary are the result of a compromise agreement negotiated between Parliament and Council. The main amendments are as follows:

    Purpose and scope: the amended text states that the Decision sets out accounting rules applicable to emissions and removals of greenhouse gases resulting from land use, land-use change and forestry (‘LULUCF’) activities, as a first step towards the inclusion of those activities in the Union's emission reduction commitment, when appropriate. It does not lay down any accounting or reporting obligations for private parties.

    Definitions: Members insert a definition for ‘background level’ which means the average emissions caused by natural disturbances in a given time period, excluding statistical outliers, calculated in accordance with the provisions in the Decision.

    Obligation to prepare and maintain LULUCF accounts: Member States must prepare and maintain their accounts ensuring the accuracy, completeness, consistency, comparability and transparency of relevant information used in estimating emissions and removals from the LULUCF sector in line with guidance provided in relevant Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, including on methodologies for accounting for non-CO 2 greenhouse gas emissions adopted under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

    Accounting period beginning on 1 January 2021: annual accounts should accurately reflect all emissions and removals resulting from the activities on their territory falling within the following categories: (a) cropland management; (b) grazing land management.

    Accounting period from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2020: Member States must:

    ·        from 2016 to 2018, report to the Commission by 15 March each year on the systems in place and being developed to estimate emissions and removals from cropland management and grazing land management;

    ·        prior to 1 January 2022, submit to the Commission by 15 March each year initial, preliminary and non-binding annual estimates of emissions and removals from cropland management and grazing land management using, where appropriate, IPCC methodologies;

    ·        no later than 15 March 2022, submit their final annual estimates for accounting of cropland management and grazing land management.

    Member States wishing to benefit from a derogation shall submit a reasoned request to the Commission by 15 January 2021.

    Afforestation, reforestation and deforestation: in accounts relating to afforestation and reforestation, Member States shall reflect emissions and removals resulting only from such activities taking place on those lands that were not forest on 31 December 1989. Member States may reflect emissions from afforestation and reforestation in a single account.

    Forest management: Member States shall account for emissions and removals resulting from forest management activities. The reference levels shall be identical to those established by acts approved by the bodies of the UNFCCC or of the Kyoto Protocol.

    Harvested wood products: each Member State shall reflect in its accounts emissions and removals resulting from changes in the pool of harvested wood products, including emissions from harvested wood products removed from its forests prior to 1 January 2013. Emissions from harvested wood products already accounted for under the Kyoto Protocol during the period from 2008 to 2012 on the basis of instantaneous oxidation shall be excluded.

    For exported harvested wood products, country-specific data refers to country-specific half-life values and harvested wood products usage in the importing country.

    Furthermore, Member States shall not use country-specific half-life values for harvested wood products placed on the market in the Union that deviate from those used by the importing Member State.

    Harvested wood products resulting from deforestation shall be accounted for on the basis of instantaneous oxidation.

    Natural disturbances: the text states that natural disturbances, such as wildfires, insect and disease infestations, extreme weather events and geological disturbances that are beyond the control of, and not materially influenced by, a Member State, may result in greenhouse gas emissions of a temporary nature in the LULUCF sector, or may cause the reversal of previous removals. As reversal can also be the result of management decisions, such as decisions to harvest or plant trees, this Decision ensures that LULUCF accounts always accurately reflect human-induced reversals of removals.

    Moreover, the new Decision should provide Member States with a limited possibility to exclude emissions through the use of background levels and margins in accordance with Decision 2/CMP.7, of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, adopted by the 17th Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC to exclude emissions resulting from disturbances in afforestation, reforestation and forest management that are beyond their control from their LULUCF accounts.

    Wetland drainage and rewetting: a new recital recalls that emissions from degrading and draining peatlands correspond to approximately 5 % of global greenhouse gas emissions and represented between 3.5 and 4 % of the Union's emissions in 2010. Therefore, as soon as relevant IPCC guidelines are internationally agreed, the Union should endeavour to advance the issue at the international level with a view to reaching an agreement within the bodies of the UNFCCC or of the Kyoto Protocol on the obligation to prepare annual accounts of emissions and removals from activities falling within the categories of wetland drainage and rewetting and with a view to including this obligation in the global climate agreement to be concluded no later than 2015.

    Information on LULUCF actions: no later than 18 months after the beginning of each accounting period, Member States shall transmit to the Commission information on their current and future LULUCF actions to limit or reduce emissions and maintain or increase removals resulting from the activities referred to in the Decision, as a separate document.

    Information on LULUCF actions shall include, amongst other things: (i) a description of past trends of emissions and removals including, where possible, historic trends, to the extent that they can reasonably be reconstructed; (ii) a list of the most appropriate measures to take into account national circumstances, that are to be implemented in order to pursue the mitigation potential.

    The Commission may provide guidance and technical assistance to Member States to facilitate the exchange of information and best practices among Member States.

    Member States shall make available to the public the information on their LULUCF actions.

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  • The Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the report by Kriton ARSENIS (S&D, EL) on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF).

    The parliamentary committee recommends that the position of the European Parliament adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure should be to amend the Commission’s proposal as follows:

    Purpose and scope: the report specifies that the Decision lays down the obligations of Member States in implementing those accounting rules and action plans. It does not lay down any accounting or reporting obligations for private parties.

    Definitions: clarifications proposed by Members relate to the following: carbon stock, reforestation, afforestation, deforestation, harvested wood product, natural disturbances, background level, margin, half-life value and instantaneous oxidation method.

    Accounting obligations: Members propose that wetland drainage and wetland rewetting, within one year following the publication of relevant guidance published by the IPCCC should be considered as activities for which accounting obligations should be introduced.

    General accounting rules: an amendment stipulates that Member States shall make any necessary recalculations in order to include in their existing and newly established accounts, the carbon pools and greenhouse gases referred to in the Decision.

    Forestry management: Member States shall account for emissions and removals resulting from forest management activities. Reference levels for forest management shall be identical to those established by acts approved by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) or Kyoto bodies.

    Harvested wood products (HWPs): HWPs as such shall not be considered as emissions of greenhouse gas. Furthermore, Member States shalldistinguish between products originating from deforestation and forest management. Imported harvest wood products irrespective of their origin, shall not be accounted for by the importing Member State.

    Members propose that: (i) Member States electing to use country-specific half-life values for exported harvest wood products shall notify the Commission for review and approval; (ii) Member States shall not use country-specific half-life values for HWPs placed on the market in the Union that deviate from those used by the importing Member State in their accounts.

    In addition, the report proposes to invite Member States: (i) to account for emissions resulting from harvest wood products resulting from deforestation on the basis of instantaneous oxidation, and (ii) to provide information about the country of harvest of the HWP and whether it was harvested in a sustainable manner.

    Natural disturbances: in Members’ opinion, the Decision should provide Member States, within certain limits, to use a limited possibility to exclude emissions resulting from disturbances in afforestation, reforestation and forest management that are beyond their control from their LULUCF accounts through the use of background levels and margins in accordance with Decision 2/CMP.7.

    Member States shall, assisted by the Commission where appropriate, make any technical corrections or recalculations to their forest management reference level to include the background level of emissions associated with annual natural disturbances.

    In addition, Member States should provide transparent information showing, among other things, how annual emissions resulting from natural disturbances and the subsequent removals in those areas are estimated. They should not exclude from accounting emissions from natural disturbances on those lands that are subject to land-use change following the disturbance.

    LULUCF Action Plans: Members propose that the content of LULUCF Action Plans is laid down so as to include: (i) historic trends to the extent that those can reasonably be reconstructed; (ii) projections for emissions and removals consistent with the trends in population, infrastructure development, energy use, agriculture intensity and forestry, for the respective accounting period; and (iii) a list of the most appropriate measures to meet national circumstances, to be adopted in order to pursue the mitigation potential.

    The Commission shall provide assistance and adopt structural guidelines for the LULUCF Action Plans. An ad hoc working group of national experts should be constituted in order to evaluate the implementation of the national action plans together with the Commission. The Commission may issue practicable recommendations, as appropriate, with a view to enhancing Member States´ efforts. Lastly, the Decision should provide for early and effective opportunities for the public to participate during the preparation, modification and review of these LULUCF Action Plans.

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PURPOSE: to gradually integrate the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector into the Union’s climate policy by means of a separate legal framework which addresses the sector’s specific profile and by ensuring a robust and harmonised accounting framework.

PROPOSED ACT: Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council.

BACKGROUND: appropriate land uses and management practices in forestry and agriculture can limit emissions of carbon and enhance removals from the atmosphere. Such practices are covered by the LULUCF sector, which comprises mostly carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and removals by terrestrial ecosystems, generally estimated as carbon stock changes. Agriculture, forestry, related industries and energy are the most important economic sectors relevant for LULUCF and they can contribute to the reduction of emissions and enhancement of sinks in several ways.

Although the LULUCF sector does not yet count towards the Union’s emission reduction target for 2020, it counts in part towards the Union’s commitment under the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC for the period from 2008 to 2012. However, the existing international accounting rules, which are a mix of voluntary and mandatory practices, have significant drawbacks. Most importantly, accounting is voluntary for most LULUCF activities, notably for forest management (representing about 70% of the sector) and for cropland and grazing-land management (representing about 17% of the sector). As a result, accounting in this first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol varies greatly between Member States. Another drawback is the lack of incentives for climate change mitigation in forestry. Improvements in accounting are necessary to create a level playing field within the agricultural, forestry and related industries and energy sectors in the Member States with a view to ensuring their consistent treatment within the Union’s internal market.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment investigated three key issues that need to be addressed when assessing how LULUCF should be included in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments, namely how to:

  1. ensure robust accounting rules for emissions and removals;
  2. achieve robust monitoring and reporting;
  3. establish the appropriate policy context for bringing the sector into the Union’s climate change commitments.

Based on the policy context for including the sector in the Union’s commitments currently regulated by the ESD and the EU ETS, the impact assessment considered three options for including LULUCF, namely as part of the ESD, as a separate framework or by delaying inclusion altogether. Each option addressed the issues of accounting and monitoring. The potential social, economic and environmental impacts of the various options were considered in detail.

The impact assessment concluded that there were good reasons to include LULUCF in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission-reduction commitments, namely to improve their policy coherence, environmental integrity and economic efficiency. But this will only be possible if the right policy context for LULUCF is put in place. The high variability of emissions and removals in forests means that annual emission reduction targets of the kind that apply to other sectors are unsuitable. The long lead times needed for mitigation measures to take effect also set LULUCF apart from most other sectors. In view of this, the impact assessment indicated that a separate legal framework for LULUCF would be the preferred option.

In terms of accounting, the suitable options identified included mandatory accounting of emissions and removals from both forestry and agricultural activities and giving equal weight to mitigation action irrespective of whether it was taken in the forestry, agriculture, related industries or energy sectors.

LEGAL BASIS: Article 192(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

CONTENT: the main objective of this Decision is to establish robust and comprehensive accounting rules for LULUCF as well as to enable future policy development towards the full inclusion of LULUCF in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments when the conditions are right. To this end this Decision establishes a framework for:

  • a mandatory accounting obligation on Member States as regards greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks associated with agricultural and forestry activities in the LULUCF sector and voluntary accounting for revegetation and wetland drainage and rewetting;
  • the general accounting rules that must be applied;
  • the specific accounting rules for afforestation, reforestation, deforestation, forest management, changes in the harvested wood products pool, cropland management, grazing land management, revegetation, and wetland drainage and rewetting;
  • the specific rules for accounting for natural disturbances;
  • adopting LULUCF Action Plans in Member States designed to limit or reduce emissions by sources and maintain or increase removals by sinks associated with LULUCF activities, and for the evaluation of those plans by the Commission;
  • the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in order to:

1.      update the definitions in the light of changes to definitions adopted by the bodies of the UNFCCC or the Kyoto Protocol or other multilateral agreement relevant to climate change concluded by the Union;

2.      amend Annex I to add accounting periods and ensure consistency between those accounting periods and the relevant periods applicable to Union emission reduction commitments in other sectors,

3.      amend Annex II with updated reference levels in accordance with the proposed reference levels submitted by Member States pursuant to Article 6 subject to corrections made in accordance with this Decision;

4.      revise the information specified in Annex III in accordance with scientific progress and to revise the conditions relating to the accounting rules for natural disturbances laid down in Article 9(2) in the light of scientific progress or to reflect revisions to acts adopted by UNFCCC or Kyoto Protocol bodies.

BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: this Decision will be implemented using the existing budget and will not have an impact on the multi-annual financial framework.

DELEGATED ACTS: this proposal contains provisions empowering the Commission to adopted delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

New

PURPOSE: to gradually integrate the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector into the Union’s climate policy by means of a separate legal framework which addresses the sector’s specific profile and by ensuring a robust and harmonised accounting framework.

PROPOSED ACT: Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council.

BACKGROUND: appropriate land uses and management practices in forestry and agriculture can limit emissions of carbon and enhance removals from the atmosphere. Such practices are covered by the LULUCF sector, which comprises mostly carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and removals by terrestrial ecosystems, generally estimated as carbon stock changes. Agriculture, forestry, related industries and energy are the most important economic sectors relevant for LULUCF and they can contribute to the reduction of emissions and enhancement of sinks in several ways.

Although the LULUCF sector does not yet count towards the Union’s emission reduction target for 2020, it counts in part towards the Union’s commitment under the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC for the period from 2008 to 2012. However, the existing international accounting rules, which are a mix of voluntary and mandatory practices, have significant drawbacks. Most importantly, accounting is voluntary for most LULUCF activities, notably for forest management (representing about 70% of the sector) and for cropland and grazing-land management (representing about 17% of the sector). As a result, accounting in this first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol varies greatly between Member States. Another drawback is the lack of incentives for climate change mitigation in forestry. Improvements in accounting are necessary to create a level playing field within the agricultural, forestry and related industries and energy sectors in the Member States with a view to ensuring their consistent treatment within the Union’s internal market.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment investigated three key issues that need to be addressed when assessing how LULUCF should be included in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments, namely how to:

  1. ensure robust accounting rules for emissions and removals;
  2. achieve robust monitoring and reporting;
  3. establish the appropriate policy context for bringing the sector into the Union’s climate change commitments.

Based on the policy context for including the sector in the Union’s commitments currently regulated by the ESD and the EU ETS, the impact assessment considered three options for including LULUCF, namely as part of the ESD, as a separate framework or by delaying inclusion altogether. Each option addressed the issues of accounting and monitoring. The potential social, economic and environmental impacts of the various options were considered in detail.

The impact assessment concluded that there were good reasons to include LULUCF in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission-reduction commitments, namely to improve their policy coherence, environmental integrity and economic efficiency. But this will only be possible if the right policy context for LULUCF is put in place. The high variability of emissions and removals in forests means that annual emission reduction targets of the kind that apply to other sectors are unsuitable. The long lead times needed for mitigation measures to take effect also set LULUCF apart from most other sectors. In view of this, the impact assessment indicated that a separate legal framework for LULUCF would be the preferred option.

In terms of accounting, the suitable options identified included mandatory accounting of emissions and removals from both forestry and agricultural activities and giving equal weight to mitigation action irrespective of whether it was taken in the forestry, agriculture, related industries or energy sectors.

LEGAL BASIS: Article 192(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

CONTENT: the main objective of this Decision is to establish robust and comprehensive accounting rules for LULUCF as well as to enable future policy development towards the full inclusion of LULUCF in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments when the conditions are right. To this end this Decision establishes a framework for:

  • a mandatory accounting obligation on Member States as regards greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks associated with agricultural and forestry activities in the LULUCF sector and voluntary accounting for revegetation and wetland drainage and rewetting;
  • the general accounting rules that must be applied;
  • the specific accounting rules for afforestation, reforestation, deforestation, forest management, changes in the harvested wood products pool, cropland management, grazing land management, revegetation, and wetland drainage and rewetting;
  • the specific rules for accounting for natural disturbances;
  • adopting LULUCF Action Plans in Member States designed to limit or reduce emissions by sources and maintain or increase removals by sinks associated with LULUCF activities, and for the evaluation of those plans by the Commission;
  • the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in order to:

1.      update the definitions in the light of changes to definitions adopted by the bodies of the UNFCCC or the Kyoto Protocol or other multilateral agreement relevant to climate change concluded by the Union;

2.      amend Annex I to add accounting periods and ensure consistency between those accounting periods and the relevant periods applicable to Union emission reduction commitments in other sectors,

3.      amend Annex II with updated reference levels in accordance with the proposed reference levels submitted by Member States pursuant to Article 6 subject to corrections made in accordance with this Decision;

4.      revise the information specified in Annex III in accordance with scientific progress and to revise the conditions relating to the accounting rules for natural disturbances laid down in Article 9(2) in the light of scientific progress or to reflect revisions to acts adopted by UNFCCC or Kyoto Protocol bodies.

BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: this Decision will be implemented using the existing budget and will not have an impact on the multi-annual financial framework.

DELEGATED ACTS: this proposal contains provisions empowering the Commission to adopted delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

activities/2/text/0
Old

The Council had an orientation debate on the proposal for a decision on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF).

The Commission proposes that member states should establish, for each accounting period, national action plans on measures to limit or reduce emissions and to maintain or increase removals from the LULUCF sector. The national action plans are aimed at stimulating the mitigation potential of the sector, increasing the visibility of measures taken and promoting best practice.

Ministers discussed two main issues: the proposed phased approach and its implications and the role and implementation of the proposed national action plans. Member states generally welcomed the Commission's proposal and its phased approach.

Concerning the timing and conditions for the second step (i.e. the formal inclusion of the sector in the EU’s greenhouse emission reduction commitment) there were different views around the table. For some delegations, this step should be taken as soon as possible, whereas for others it is linked to new or revised emission reduction commitments. The Presidency concluded that this complex issue needs to be explored both in more depth and taking account of the wider context of the EU climate policy. Overall, it was considered very important to ensure consistency of the proposal with decisions taken

in the context of the UNFCCC.

As regards the national action plans, ministers generally agreed on the importance to stimulating the mitigation potential of the LULUCF sector and of increasing the visibility of the mitigation efforts by farmers, forest owners and all other actors concerned. Furthermore, many delegations pointed out that the sector should not be considered in isolation but in an integrated way and by making use of synergies with existing policies at EU and national level.

Several ministers stressed the need to avoid creating any unnecessary administrative burden or duplication of work and to take due account of national circumstances and competencies at each level.

Many delegations were of the view that member states themselves are best placed to decide on the appropriate measures. The guiding principles resulting from this debate will be taken into account with a view to further discussions and progress on this file.

New

The Council had an orientation debate on the proposal for a decision on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF).

The Commission proposes that member states should establish, for each accounting period, national action plans on measures to limit or reduce emissions and to maintain or increase removals from the LULUCF sector. The national action plans are aimed at stimulating the mitigation potential of the sector, increasing the visibility of measures taken and promoting best practice.

Ministers discussed two main issues: the proposed phased approach and its implications and the role and implementation of the proposed national action plans. Member states generally welcomed the Commission's proposal and its phased approach.

Concerning the timing and conditions for the second step (i.e. the formal inclusion of the sector in the EU’s greenhouse emission reduction commitment) there were different views around the table. For some delegations, this step should be taken as soon as possible, whereas for others it is linked to new or revised emission reduction commitments. The Presidency concluded that this complex issue needs to be explored both in more depth and taking account of the wider context of the EU climate policy. Overall, it was considered very important to ensure consistency of the proposal with decisions taken

in the context of the UNFCCC.

As regards the national action plans, ministers generally agreed on the importance to stimulating the mitigation potential of the LULUCF sector and of increasing the visibility of the mitigation efforts by farmers, forest owners and all other actors concerned. Furthermore, many delegations pointed out that the sector should not be considered in isolation but in an integrated way and by making use of synergies with existing policies at EU and national level.

Several ministers stressed the need to avoid creating any unnecessary administrative burden or duplication of work and to take due account of national circumstances and competencies at each level.

Many delegations were of the view that member states themselves are best placed to decide on the appropriate measures. The guiding principles resulting from this debate will be taken into account with a view to further discussions and progress on this file.

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  • The Council had an orientation debate on the proposal for a decision on accounting rules and action plans on greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF).

    The Commission proposes that member states should establish, for each accounting period, national action plans on measures to limit or reduce emissions and to maintain or increase removals from the LULUCF sector. The national action plans are aimed at stimulating the mitigation potential of the sector, increasing the visibility of measures taken and promoting best practice.

    Ministers discussed two main issues: the proposed phased approach and its implications and the role and implementation of the proposed national action plans. Member states generally welcomed the Commission's proposal and its phased approach.

    Concerning the timing and conditions for the second step (i.e. the formal inclusion of the sector in the EU’s greenhouse emission reduction commitment) there were different views around the table. For some delegations, this step should be taken as soon as possible, whereas for others it is linked to new or revised emission reduction commitments. The Presidency concluded that this complex issue needs to be explored both in more depth and taking account of the wider context of the EU climate policy. Overall, it was considered very important to ensure consistency of the proposal with decisions taken

    in the context of the UNFCCC.

    As regards the national action plans, ministers generally agreed on the importance to stimulating the mitigation potential of the LULUCF sector and of increasing the visibility of the mitigation efforts by farmers, forest owners and all other actors concerned. Furthermore, many delegations pointed out that the sector should not be considered in isolation but in an integrated way and by making use of synergies with existing policies at EU and national level.

    Several ministers stressed the need to avoid creating any unnecessary administrative burden or duplication of work and to take due account of national circumstances and competencies at each level.

    Many delegations were of the view that member states themselves are best placed to decide on the appropriate measures. The guiding principles resulting from this debate will be taken into account with a view to further discussions and progress on this file.

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PURPOSE: to gradually integrate the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector into the Union’s climate policy by means of a separate legal framework which addresses the sector’s specific profile and by ensuring a robust and harmonised accounting framework.

PROPOSED ACT: Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council.

BACKGROUND: appropriate land uses and management practices in forestry and agriculture can limit emissions of carbon and enhance removals from the atmosphere. Such practices are covered by the LULUCF sector, which comprises mostly carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and removals by terrestrial ecosystems, generally estimated as carbon stock changes. Agriculture, forestry, related industries and energy are the most important economic sectors relevant for LULUCF and they can contribute to the reduction of emissions and enhancement of sinks in several ways.

Although the LULUCF sector does not yet count towards the Union’s emission reduction target for 2020, it counts in part towards the Union’s commitment under the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC for the period from 2008 to 2012. However, the existing international accounting rules, which are a mix of voluntary and mandatory practices, have significant drawbacks. Most importantly, accounting is voluntary for most LULUCF activities, notably for forest management (representing about 70% of the sector) and for cropland and grazing-land management (representing about 17% of the sector). As a result, accounting in this first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol varies greatly between Member States. Another drawback is the lack of incentives for climate change mitigation in forestry. Improvements in accounting are necessary to create a level playing field within the agricultural, forestry and related industries and energy sectors in the Member States with a view to ensuring their consistent treatment within the Union’s internal market.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment investigated three key issues that need to be addressed when assessing how LULUCF should be included in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments, namely how to:

  1. ensure robust accounting rules for emissions and removals;
  2. achieve robust monitoring and reporting;
  3. establish the appropriate policy context for bringing the sector into the Union’s climate change commitments.

Based on the policy context for including the sector in the Union’s commitments currently regulated by the ESD and the EU ETS, the impact assessment considered three options for including LULUCF, namely as part of the ESD, as a separate framework or by delaying inclusion altogether. Each option addressed the issues of accounting and monitoring. The potential social, economic and environmental impacts of the various options were considered in detail.

The impact assessment concluded that there were good reasons to include LULUCF in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission-reduction commitments, namely to improve their policy coherence, environmental integrity and economic efficiency. But this will only be possible if the right policy context for LULUCF is put in place. The high variability of emissions and removals in forests means that annual emission reduction targets of the kind that apply to other sectors are unsuitable. The long lead times needed for mitigation measures to take effect also set LULUCF apart from most other sectors. In view of this, the impact assessment indicated that a separate legal framework for LULUCF would be the preferred option.

In terms of accounting, the suitable options identified included mandatory accounting of emissions and removals from both forestry and agricultural activities and giving equal weight to mitigation action irrespective of whether it was taken in the forestry, agriculture, related industries or energy sectors.

LEGAL BASIS: Article 192(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

CONTENT: the main objective of this Decision is to establish robust and comprehensive accounting rules for LULUCF as well as to enable future policy development towards the full inclusion of LULUCF in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments when the conditions are right. To this end this Decision establishes a framework for:

  • a mandatory accounting obligation on Member States as regards greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks associated with agricultural and forestry activities in the LULUCF sector and voluntary accounting for revegetation and wetland drainage and rewetting;
  • the general accounting rules that must be applied;
  • the specific accounting rules for afforestation, reforestation, deforestation, forest management, changes in the harvested wood products pool, cropland management, grazing land management, revegetation, and wetland drainage and rewetting;
  • the specific rules for accounting for natural disturbances;
  • adopting LULUCF Action Plans in Member States designed to limit or reduce emissions by sources and maintain or increase removals by sinks associated with LULUCF activities, and for the evaluation of those plans by the Commission;
  • the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in order to:

1.      update the definitions in the light of changes to definitions adopted by the bodies of the UNFCCC or the Kyoto Protocol or other multilateral agreement relevant to climate change concluded by the Union;

2.      amend Annex I to add accounting periods and ensure consistency between those accounting periods and the relevant periods applicable to Union emission reduction commitments in other sectors,

3.      amend Annex II with updated reference levels in accordance with the proposed reference levels submitted by Member States pursuant to Article 6 subject to corrections made in accordance with this Decision;

4.      revise the information specified in Annex III in accordance with scientific progress and to revise the conditions relating to the accounting rules for natural disturbances laid down in Article 9(2) in the light of scientific progress or to reflect revisions to acts adopted by UNFCCC or Kyoto Protocol bodies.

BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: this Decision will be implemented using the existing budget and will not have an impact on the multi-annual financial framework.

DELEGATED ACTS: this proposal contains provisions empowering the Commission to adopted delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

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COM(2012)0093
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Legislative proposal published
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  • PURPOSE: to gradually integrate the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector into the Union’s climate policy by means of a separate legal framework which addresses the sector’s specific profile and by ensuring a robust and harmonised accounting framework.

    PROPOSED ACT: Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council.

    BACKGROUND: appropriate land uses and management practices in forestry and agriculture can limit emissions of carbon and enhance removals from the atmosphere. Such practices are covered by the LULUCF sector, which comprises mostly carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and removals by terrestrial ecosystems, generally estimated as carbon stock changes. Agriculture, forestry, related industries and energy are the most important economic sectors relevant for LULUCF and they can contribute to the reduction of emissions and enhancement of sinks in several ways.

    Although the LULUCF sector does not yet count towards the Union’s emission reduction target for 2020, it counts in part towards the Union’s commitment under the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC for the period from 2008 to 2012. However, the existing international accounting rules, which are a mix of voluntary and mandatory practices, have significant drawbacks. Most importantly, accounting is voluntary for most LULUCF activities, notably for forest management (representing about 70% of the sector) and for cropland and grazing-land management (representing about 17% of the sector). As a result, accounting in this first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol varies greatly between Member States. Another drawback is the lack of incentives for climate change mitigation in forestry. Improvements in accounting are necessary to create a level playing field within the agricultural, forestry and related industries and energy sectors in the Member States with a view to ensuring their consistent treatment within the Union’s internal market.

    IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment investigated three key issues that need to be addressed when assessing how LULUCF should be included in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments, namely how to:

    1. ensure robust accounting rules for emissions and removals;
    2. achieve robust monitoring and reporting;
    3. establish the appropriate policy context for bringing the sector into the Union’s climate change commitments.

    Based on the policy context for including the sector in the Union’s commitments currently regulated by the ESD and the EU ETS, the impact assessment considered three options for including LULUCF, namely as part of the ESD, as a separate framework or by delaying inclusion altogether. Each option addressed the issues of accounting and monitoring. The potential social, economic and environmental impacts of the various options were considered in detail.

    The impact assessment concluded that there were good reasons to include LULUCF in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission-reduction commitments, namely to improve their policy coherence, environmental integrity and economic efficiency. But this will only be possible if the right policy context for LULUCF is put in place. The high variability of emissions and removals in forests means that annual emission reduction targets of the kind that apply to other sectors are unsuitable. The long lead times needed for mitigation measures to take effect also set LULUCF apart from most other sectors. In view of this, the impact assessment indicated that a separate legal framework for LULUCF would be the preferred option.

    In terms of accounting, the suitable options identified included mandatory accounting of emissions and removals from both forestry and agricultural activities and giving equal weight to mitigation action irrespective of whether it was taken in the forestry, agriculture, related industries or energy sectors.

    LEGAL BASIS: Article 192(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

    CONTENT: the main objective of this Decision is to establish robust and comprehensive accounting rules for LULUCF as well as to enable future policy development towards the full inclusion of LULUCF in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments when the conditions are right. To this end this Decision establishes a framework for:

    • a mandatory accounting obligation on Member States as regards greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks associated with agricultural and forestry activities in the LULUCF sector and voluntary accounting for revegetation and wetland drainage and rewetting;
    • the general accounting rules that must be applied;
    • the specific accounting rules for afforestation, reforestation, deforestation, forest management, changes in the harvested wood products pool, cropland management, grazing land management, revegetation, and wetland drainage and rewetting;
    • the specific rules for accounting for natural disturbances;
    • adopting LULUCF Action Plans in Member States designed to limit or reduce emissions by sources and maintain or increase removals by sinks associated with LULUCF activities, and for the evaluation of those plans by the Commission;
    • the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in order to:

    1.      update the definitions in the light of changes to definitions adopted by the bodies of the UNFCCC or the Kyoto Protocol or other multilateral agreement relevant to climate change concluded by the Union;

    2.      amend Annex I to add accounting periods and ensure consistency between those accounting periods and the relevant periods applicable to Union emission reduction commitments in other sectors,

    3.      amend Annex II with updated reference levels in accordance with the proposed reference levels submitted by Member States pursuant to Article 6 subject to corrections made in accordance with this Decision;

    4.      revise the information specified in Annex III in accordance with scientific progress and to revise the conditions relating to the accounting rules for natural disturbances laid down in Article 9(2) in the light of scientific progress or to reflect revisions to acts adopted by UNFCCC or Kyoto Protocol bodies.

    BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: this Decision will be implemented using the existing budget and will not have an impact on the multi-annual financial framework.

    DELEGATED ACTS: this proposal contains provisions empowering the Commission to adopted delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

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  • PURPOSE: to gradually integrate the land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector into the Union’s climate policy by means of a separate legal framework which addresses the sector’s specific profile and by ensuring a robust and harmonised accounting framework.

    PROPOSED ACT: Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council.

    BACKGROUND: appropriate land uses and management practices in forestry and agriculture can limit emissions of carbon and enhance removals from the atmosphere. Such practices are covered by the LULUCF sector, which comprises mostly carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and removals by terrestrial ecosystems, generally estimated as carbon stock changes. Agriculture, forestry, related industries and energy are the most important economic sectors relevant for LULUCF and they can contribute to the reduction of emissions and enhancement of sinks in several ways.

    Although the LULUCF sector does not yet count towards the Union’s emission reduction target for 2020, it counts in part towards the Union’s commitment under the Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC for the period from 2008 to 2012. However, the existing international accounting rules, which are a mix of voluntary and mandatory practices, have significant drawbacks. Most importantly, accounting is voluntary for most LULUCF activities, notably for forest management (representing about 70% of the sector) and for cropland and grazing-land management (representing about 17% of the sector). As a result, accounting in this first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol varies greatly between Member States. Another drawback is the lack of incentives for climate change mitigation in forestry. Improvements in accounting are necessary to create a level playing field within the agricultural, forestry and related industries and energy sectors in the Member States with a view to ensuring their consistent treatment within the Union’s internal market.

    IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment investigated three key issues that need to be addressed when assessing how LULUCF should be included in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments, namely how to:

    1. ensure robust accounting rules for emissions and removals;
    2. achieve robust monitoring and reporting;
    3. establish the appropriate policy context for bringing the sector into the Union’s climate change commitments.

    Based on the policy context for including the sector in the Union’s commitments currently regulated by the ESD and the EU ETS, the impact assessment considered three options for including LULUCF, namely as part of the ESD, as a separate framework or by delaying inclusion altogether. Each option addressed the issues of accounting and monitoring. The potential social, economic and environmental impacts of the various options were considered in detail.

    The impact assessment concluded that there were good reasons to include LULUCF in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission-reduction commitments, namely to improve their policy coherence, environmental integrity and economic efficiency. But this will only be possible if the right policy context for LULUCF is put in place. The high variability of emissions and removals in forests means that annual emission reduction targets of the kind that apply to other sectors are unsuitable. The long lead times needed for mitigation measures to take effect also set LULUCF apart from most other sectors. In view of this, the impact assessment indicated that a separate legal framework for LULUCF would be the preferred option.

    In terms of accounting, the suitable options identified included mandatory accounting of emissions and removals from both forestry and agricultural activities and giving equal weight to mitigation action irrespective of whether it was taken in the forestry, agriculture, related industries or energy sectors.

    LEGAL BASIS: Article 192(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

    CONTENT: the main objective of this Decision is to establish robust and comprehensive accounting rules for LULUCF as well as to enable future policy development towards the full inclusion of LULUCF in the Union’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments when the conditions are right. To this end this Decision establishes a framework for:

    • a mandatory accounting obligation on Member States as regards greenhouse gas emissions by sources and removals by sinks associated with agricultural and forestry activities in the LULUCF sector and voluntary accounting for revegetation and wetland drainage and rewetting;
    • the general accounting rules that must be applied;
    • the specific accounting rules for afforestation, reforestation, deforestation, forest management, changes in the harvested wood products pool, cropland management, grazing land management, revegetation, and wetland drainage and rewetting;
    • the specific rules for accounting for natural disturbances;
    • adopting LULUCF Action Plans in Member States designed to limit or reduce emissions by sources and maintain or increase removals by sinks associated with LULUCF activities, and for the evaluation of those plans by the Commission;
    • the Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in order to:

    1.      update the definitions in the light of changes to definitions adopted by the bodies of the UNFCCC or the Kyoto Protocol or other multilateral agreement relevant to climate change concluded by the Union;

    2.      amend Annex I to add accounting periods and ensure consistency between those accounting periods and the relevant periods applicable to Union emission reduction commitments in other sectors,

    3.      amend Annex II with updated reference levels in accordance with the proposed reference levels submitted by Member States pursuant to Article 6 subject to corrections made in accordance with this Decision;

    4.      revise the information specified in Annex III in accordance with scientific progress and to revise the conditions relating to the accounting rules for natural disturbances laid down in Article 9(2) in the light of scientific progress or to reflect revisions to acts adopted by UNFCCC or Kyoto Protocol bodies.

    BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: this Decision will be implemented using the existing budget and will not have an impact on the multi-annual financial framework.

    DELEGATED ACTS: this proposal contains provisions empowering the Commission to adopted delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

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activities/1/docs/1
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http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/swd/2012/0040/COM_SWD(2012)0040_EN.pdf
type
Document attached to the procedure
title
SWD(2012)0040
activities/1/docs/2/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/swd/2012/0041/COM_SWD(2012)0041_EN.pdf
activities/1/docs/0/url
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2012&nu_doc=93
activities/1/docs/1
type
Document attached to the procedure
title
SWD(2012)0041
links/National parliaments
url
http://www.ipex.eu/IPEXL-WEB/dossier/dossier.do?code=COD&year=2012&number=0042&appLng=EN
title
IPEX
activities/1/docs/0
url
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2012&nu_doc=93
celexid
CELEX:52012PC0093:EN
type
Legislative proposal published
title
COM(2012)0093
activities/1/docs/0/celexid
CELEX:52012PC0093:EN
activities/1/docs/0/title
Old
SWD(2012)0040
New
COM(2012)0093
activities/1/docs/0/type
Old
Document attached to the procedure
New
Legislative proposal published
activities/1/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/swd/2012/0040/COM_SWD(2012)0040_EN.pdf
activities/1/docs/2
url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/swd/2012/0041/COM_SWD(2012)0041_EN.pdf
type
Document attached to the procedure
title
SWD(2012)0041
activities/1/docs/0/url
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2012&nu_doc=93
activities/1/docs/1
url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/swd/2012/0040/COM_SWD(2012)0040_EN.pdf
type
Document attached to the procedure
title
SWD(2012)0040
activities/1/docs/2
url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/swd/2012/0041/COM_SWD(2012)0041_EN.pdf
type
Document attached to the procedure
title
SWD(2012)0041
links/National parliaments
url
http://www.ipex.eu/IPEXL-WEB/dossier/dossier.do?code=COD&year=2012&number=0042&appLng=EN
title
IPEX
activities
  • body: EP date: 2012-03-08T00:00:00 type: EP officialisation
  • date: 2012-03-12T00:00:00 docs: celexid: CELEX:52012PC0093:EN type: Legislative proposal published title: COM(2012)0093 body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/clima/mission/index_en.htm title: Climate Action Commissioner: HEDEGAARD Connie type: Legislative proposal
  • date: 2012-03-15T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development committee: AGRI body: EP responsible: True committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development committee: AGRI
  • body: EP responsible: True committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety committee: ENVI
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
links
National parliaments
European Commission
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/clima/mission/index_en.htm title: Climate Action commissioner: HEDEGAARD Connie
procedure
dossier_of_the_committee
ENVI/7/09126
reference
2012/0042(COD)
subtype
Legislation
legal_basis
Treaty on the Functioning of the EU TFEU 192-p1
stage_reached
Awaiting Parliament 1st reading / single reading / budget 1st stage
instrument
Decision
title
Greenhouse gas emissions and removals resulting from activities related to land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF): accounting rules and action plans
type
COD - Ordinary legislative procedure (ex-codecision)
subject