BETA


2012/0278(COD) Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (Nagoya Protocol 2010): compliance measures for users in the Union

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ENVI BÉLIER Sandrine (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) GUTIÉRREZ-CORTINES Cristina (icon: PPE PPE), POC Pavel (icon: S&D S&D), GERBRANDY Gerben-Jan (icon: ALDE ALDE), ROSBACH Anna (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion DEVE GRÈZE Catherine (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) Nirj DEVA (icon: ECR ECR), Santiago FISAS AYXELÀ (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion PECH HUDGHTON Ian (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE) Alain CADEC (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion REGI
Committee Opinion ITRE
Committee Opinion AGRI BOVÉ José (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 192-p1

Events

2019/01/24
   EC - Follow-up document
Details

The Commission presents a report on Regulation (EU) No 511/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council on compliance measures for users from the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization in the Union ( EU ABS Regulation).

In accordance with the EU ABS Regulation, the Commission is required to submit a report on the application of the Regulation, including a first assessment of its effectiveness, not later than one year after the time-limit for submission of the national reports.

The report is based on information from the national reports submitted by all 28 Member States to the Commission, as well as other information available. It covers the first three years of application of the EU ABS Regulation, i.e. the period between October 2014 and August 2017, which is reduced to two years of application for provisions concerning due diligence (Art. 4), monitoring of user compliance (Art. 7) and compliance checks (Art. 9).

State of play

Implementation and enforcement

This report stated that the Regulation is in its early days of implementation. Many Member States started relatively late to take measures to set up the institutional and administrative framework necessary to implement the Regulation. The Commission proactively promoted compliance by reminding Member States of their obligation to designate competent authorities and to adopt rules on penalties. Although most Member States took the necessary measures to address the implementation gaps, letters of formal notice were sent in January 2018 to 9 Member States that were still non-compliant. Further on, reasoned opinion were issued in 2 of these cases in November 2018.

The implementation and enforcement of the Regulation was slow and uneven during the first years and remains work in progress. While many Member States have fulfilled the formal requirements of the Regulation, only a few have moved on into the actual implementation on the ground.

Member States adopted different solutions to set up the institutional framework. In some cases, consultations and coordination among different administrations contributed to slow down the process of designation. 6 Member States still need to designate competent authorities. Lack or limited human and financial resources devoted to the implementation of the EU ABS Regulation is often reported as a major obstacle. Lack of specialized personnel and qualified experts is also identified as a problem. Trainings to strengthen the institutional capacity of staff are therefore necessary. At the same time, some Member States expressed worries about the administrative burden and costs implied by the Regulation.

20 Member States adopted legislative measures setting up sanctions for infringements of the obligations of the Regulation. A varied range of sanctions (from administrative to criminal law) can be observed, which entails also a variation in the levels of sanctions.

Awareness of the Regulation

Despite the efforts undertaken both by the Member States and the Commission, a low level of awareness among stakeholders about the obligations stemming from the Nagoya Protocol and the EU ABS Regulation is often reported. Also, institutions and administrations in Member States often lack awareness of the topic. Both the Nagoya Protocol and the EU ABS Regulation are relatively new regulatory instruments and ABS issues are thus still quite an unknown subject.

Additional efforts to foster the level of awareness among a wide range of stakeholders are needed.

Several Member States reported that it is rather difficult for stakeholders to understand the complexity of the EU ABS Regulation.

Challenges

Some Member States also highlighted additional challenges related to the interpretation of some provisions of the EU ABS Regulation and mentioned the issue of unclear wording of some terms in the Regulation (which results from the use of the same concepts as those enshrined in the Nagoya Protocol). In this context, it was claimed that further guidance would be useful to clarify some terms. Also some concerns of the users were reported, namely about an excessive administrative and financial burden, while the added value deriving from the Regulation is not perceived.

In this context, the Commission will continue to use the existing tools to contribute to a more uniform application of the Regulation across the EU. Further efforts from Member States in the implementation and enforcement of the EU ABS Regulation are needed. In particular, all non-compliant Member States urgently need to designate national competent authorities, adopt sanctions, put measures in place to implement the first checkpoint and step up their efforts to develop risk-based plans to carry out checks. The current level of technical capacity and resources (both human and financial) allocated to the competent authorities does often not match the needs and should therefore be reinforced in most of the Member States.

2014/06/10
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2014/05/20
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to promote the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilisation of genetic resources in accordance with the Nagoya Protocol.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Regulation (EU) No 511/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council on compliance measures for users from the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilisation in the Union.

CONTENT: the Regulation establishes rules governing compliance with access and benefit-sharing for genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources , in accordance with the provisions of the Nagoya Protocol. Its implementation should contribute to the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components, in accordance with the provisions of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

The Nagoya Protocol, attached to the Convention on Biological Diversity, is an international treaty adopted on 29 October 2010 by the Parties to the Convention. The Protocol further elaborates upon the general rules of the Convention on access to genetic resources and sharing of monetary and non-monetary benefits arising from the utilisation of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources (‘access and benefit-sharing’). In accordance with Council Decision 2014/283/EU, the Nagoya Protocol was approved on behalf of the Union.

Scope : the Regulation applies to genetic resources over which States exercise sovereign rights and to traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources within the scope of the Convention, which are accessed after the entry into force of the Nagoya Protocol for the Union. Traditional knowledge includes knowledge, innovations and practices, of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles, relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity.

Rules to be respected by users : the Regulation stipulates that all users of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources should exercise due diligence to ascertain whether genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources have been accessed in accordance with applicable legal or regulatory requirements and to ensure that benefits are fairly and equitably shared upon mutually agreed terms .

In that context, competent authorities should accept internationally-recognised certificates of compliance as evidence that the genetic resources covered were legally accessed and that mutually agreed terms were established for the user and the utilisation specified therein.

Competent authorities : each Member State shall designate one or more competent authorities to be responsible for the application of this Regulation. The competent authorities shall carry out checks to verify whether users comply with their obligations. In doing so, they should consider that the implementation of a recognised best practice for access and benefit sharing by a user reduces that user’s risk of non-compliance. The competent authorities shall keep, for at least five years, records of the checks .

The Commission shall make public, including via the internet, a list of the competent authorities of the Member States . In addition, it shall establish a register of collections of genetic resources within the Union which is internet-based and easily accessible to users.

Complementary measures : the Regulation provides that the Commission and the Member States will be required, among others:

· promote and encourage information, awareness-raising and training activities to help stakeholders and interested parties to understand their obligations;

· encourage the development of sectoral codes of conduct, model contractual clauses, guidelines and best practices , particularly where they would benefit academic, university and non-commercial researchers and small and medium-sized enterprises;

· promote the development and use of cost-effective communication tools in support of monitoring and tracking the utilisation of genetic resources;

· encourage users to direct benefits from the utilisation of genetic resources towards the conservation of biological diversity .

Representatives of the Member States and other interested parties in issues related to the implementation of this Regulation shall meet in a consultation forum .

Reports and review : in principle, the Member States shall submit to the Commission a report on the application of this Regulation by 11 June 2017 and every five years thereafter. Not later than one year after the time-limit for submission of reports, the Commission shall submit to the European Parliament and to the Council a report on the application of this Regulation. Every 10 years after its first report the Commission shall review the functioning and effectiveness of this Regulation in achieving the objectives of the Nagoya Protocol.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 09.06.2014.

2014/04/16
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2014/04/16
   CSL - Final act signed
2014/04/16
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2014/04/14
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2014/04/14
   CSL - Council Meeting
2014/03/11
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 630 votes to 14 with 38 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization in the Union.

The matter had been referred back to committee during the plenary session of 12 September 2013.

Parliament adopted its position in first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure. The amendments adopted in plenary are the result of an agreement negotiated between Parliament and Council.

Objective : Parliament wanted to clarify that the objective of the Regulation is the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilisation of genetic resources, thereby contributing to the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components, in accordance with the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity the (‘Nagoya Protocol’).

Obligations of users : the amended text stipulates that users shall exercise due diligence to ascertain that genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources which they utilise have been accessed in accordance with applicable access and benefit-sharing legislation or regulatory requirements. Genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources shall only be transferred and utilised in accordance with mutually agreed terms if they are required by applicable legislation or regulatory requirements.

Accordingly, businesses, private collectors and institutions who use genetic resources that come, for example, from plants and animals in developing countries must seek, keep and transfer to subsequent users:

the internationally-recognised certificate of compliance , as well as information on the content of the mutually agreed terms relevant for subsequent users; or where no internationally-recognised certificate of compliance is available, information and relevant documents on : (i) the date and place of access of genetic resources or of traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources; (ii) the source from which the genetic resources or traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources were directly obtained, as well as subsequent users; (iii) the presence or absence of rights and obligations relating to access and benefit-sharing including rights and obligations regarding subsequent applications and commercialisation; (iv) mutually agreed terms, including benefit-sharing arrangements, where applicable.

‘Internationally recognised certificate of compliance’ means a permit or its equivalent issued at the time of access as evidence that the genetic resource it covers has been accessed in accordance with the decision to grant prior informed consent, and that mutually agreed terms have been established for the user and the utilisation specified therein by a competent authority, that is made available to the Access and Benefit-sharing Clearing House established under the Nagoya Protocol.

Users acquiring a genetic resource that is determined to be the causing pathogen of a present or imminent public health emergency of international concern, or of a serious cross-border threat to health for the purpose of public health emergency preparedness in not yet affected countries and response in affected countries, shall fulfil the obligations listed the text: (i) one month after the imminent or present threat to public health is terminated, or (ii) three months after commencement of utilisation of the genetic resource, whichever is the earlier.

Register of collections : the Commission shall establish and maintain a register of collections within the Union. It shall ensure that the register is internet-based and is easily accessible to users. The register shall include the references of the collections of genetic resources, or of parts of those collections, identified as meeting the criteria set out in the regulation.

Complementary measures : the Commission and Member States shall, as appropriate:

promote and encourage information , awareness-raising and training activities to help stakeholders and interested parties to understand their obligations arising from the implementation of this Regulation, and of the relevant provisions of the Convention and the Nagoya Protocol in the Union ; encourage the development of sectoral codes of conduct , model contractual clauses, guidelines and best practices, particularly where they would benefit academic, university and non-commercial researchers and small and medium-sized enterprises; encourage users and providers to direct benefits from the utilisation of genetic resources towards the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components in accordance with the provisions of the Convention; promote measures in support of collections that contribute to the conservation of biological diversity and cultural diversity.

Consultation forum : the Commission shall ensure a balanced participation of representatives of the Member States and other interested parties in issues related to the implementation of this Regulation. They shall meet in a consultation forum.

Documents
2013/09/24
   FR_ASSEMBLY - Contribution
Documents
2013/09/12
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2013/09/12
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted amendments to the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization in the Union.

The matter had been referred back to the competent committee. The vote on the legislative resolution was set back to a later session .

The main amendments adopted by Parliament concerned the following points:

Objective : Members wanted to clarify that the objective of the Regulation is the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilisation of genetic resources, thereby contributing to the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components, in accordance with the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity

The amendments also stated that the Regulation :

· lays down obligations for users of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources;

· includes provisions encouraging activities by relevant actors to raise awareness of the importance of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources and related access and benefit-sharing issues, as well as activities contributing to capacity-building in developing countries, in line with the Nagoya Protocol's provisions.

User obligations : Members called for the utilisation of illegally acquired genetic resources to be prohibited in the Union. "Illegally acquired genetic resources" means genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources acquired in contravention of the applicable international and national law on access and benefit-sharing in the country of origin. The amendments make the following points:

With a view to improving the chain of custody of genetic resources and the associated traditional knowledge, users must exercise due diligence to ascertain that access to genetic resources was obtained with prior informed consent and based on mutually agreed terms.

Genetic resources should only be transferred to other users if in accordance with the internationally recognised certificate of compliance and mutually agreed terms.

If subsequent users envisage utilising such genetic resources or traditional knowledge under conditions that were not included in the prior terms, those users shall be required to seek mutually agreed terms from the country of origin.

Users, when negotiating mutually agreed terms with providers of genetic resources or of traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, should seek to ensure that such terms contribute to the conservation of biological diversity

Union trusted collections : Parliament proposed deleting Article 5 as regards Union trusted collections. In a recital, it recalled that most collections are the most accessible suppliers of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources utilised in the Union. As suppliers they could play an important role in helping other users in the chain of custody to comply with their obligations. In order to do so, Members suggested that a system of Union registered collections should be set in place which would substantially lower the risk that illegally acquired genetic resources are utilised in the Union. Union registered collections should adhere to the objective of the Nagoya Protocol.

Competent authorities and potential users : the competent authorities and the focal point on access and benefit-sharing shall provide advice to the public and potential users seeking information on the implementation of the Regulation and of the relevant provisions of the Convention and the Nagoya Protocol in the Union.

Monitoring user compliance : amendments provided that the users shall declare to the competent authorities that they have fulfilled the obligations and shall submit the related information on the occasion of establishing prior informed consent and mutually agreed terms; applying for patents or for new plant variety rights at relevant national, regional or international institutions; or requesting market approval for a product developed on the basis of genetic resources.

Competent authorities shall verify the information and transmit to the Access and Benefit Sharing Clearing House Mechanism, to the Commission and if appropriate to the competent authorities of the State concerned. The Commission shall within three months summarise the information received and make it public in an easily accessible open, internet-based, format.

Montoring of compliance with the rules : the amendments provided that users must declare to the competent authorities that they have fulfilled the obligations and submit the related information on the occasion of: (i) establishing prior informed consent and mutually agreed terms; (ii) receiving research funding involving utilisation of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources; (iii) applying for patents or for new plant variety rights covering, inter alia, the genetic resources accessed.

Competent authorities shall verify the information provided and transmit to the Access and Benefit Sharing Clearing House Mechanism, to the Commission and if appropriate to the competent authorities of the State concerned. The Commission shall summarise the information received and make it public in an internet-based format .

Penalties : Parliament called for fines to be proportional to the value of the use activities related to the genetic resources concerned and that at least effectively deprived those responsible of the economic benefits derived from the infringement.

Cooperation : Members considered that the Commission should seek arrangements with the European Patent Office and with the World Intellectual Property Organization to ensure that references to genetic resources and their origin are included in patent registrations.

Union platform on the access and benefit-sharing : the Union platform must contribute to the streamlining of access conditions at Union level by discussing related issues, including the design and performances of access regimes established in Member States, the promotion of research which contributes to the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, particularly in developing countries.

Any advice, guidance or opinions provided shall have due regard for the requirement to involve the relevant indigenous and local communities concerned.

Additional measures : the Commission and the Member States should also, if necessary:

take measures to support, including through existing research programmes, collections that contribute to the conservation of biological diversity and cultural diversity but have insufficient means, to register their collections in the Union register; ensure that, in the event of illicit use, providers who are competent to grant access to genetic resources and sign mutually agreed terms are entitled to bring an action to prevent or stop such utilisation, including through injunctions, and to seek compensation for any damages resulting thereof; encourage users and providers to direct benefits arising from the utilisation or subsequent commercialisation of genetic resources towards the conservation of biological diversity; support regional cooperation on benefit-sharing regarding transboundary genetic resources; support research and development of genetic catalogues both within the Union and in third countries.

Consultation Forum : Members considered that Member States experts as well as stakeholder organisations should have an opportunity to participate and contribute to the implementation of the Regulation. To this end, they proposed the creation of a Consultation Forum based on the model in the Eco-Design Directive 2009/125/EC.

Documents
2013/09/11
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2013/07/16
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety adopted the report by Sandrine BÉLIER (Greens/EFA, FR) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization in the Union.

The committee recommends that the European Parliament’s position at first reading, following the ordinary legislative procedure, should amend the Commission’s proposal as follows:

Objective : Members specify that the objective of this Regulation is the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilisation of genetic resources, thereby contributing to the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components, in accordance with the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

The amendments also aim to:

lay down obligations for users of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources; include provisions encouraging activities by relevant actors to raise awareness of the importance of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources and related access and benefit-sharing issues, as well as activities contributing to capacity-building in developing countries.

User obligations : Members call for the utilisation of illegally acquired genetic resources to be prohibited in the Union. "Illegally acquired genetic resources" shall mean genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources acquired in contravention of the applicable international and national law on access and benefit-sharing in the country of origin.

With a view to improving the chain of custody of genetic resources and the associated traditional knowledge, users shall exercise due diligence to ascertain that genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources used were accessed in accordance with applicable access and benefit-sharing legislation or regulatory requirements, after obtainment of prior informed consent when so required and with full respect of existing duties regarding fair and equitable benefit sharing upon mutually agreed terms .

Genetic resources shall only be transferred to other users if in accordance with the internationally recognised certificate of compliance and mutually agreed terms, or prior informed consent and mutually agreed terms.

In the absence of mutually agreed terms or if subsequent users envisage utilising such genetic resources or traditional knowledge under conditions that are not included in the prior terms, those users shall be required to seek mutually agreed terms from the country of origin.

Users, when negotiating mutually agreed terms with providers of genetic resources or of traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, shall seek to ensure that such terms contribute to the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components and to technology transfer to developing countries.

Union trusted collections : Members deleted Article 5 as regards Union trusted collections. Most collections are the most accessible suppliers of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources utilised in the Union. As suppliers they can play an important role in helping other users in the chain of custody to comply with their obligations. In order to do so a system of Union registered collections should be set in place which would substantially lower the risk that illegally acquired genetic resources are utilised in the Union. Union registered collections should adhere to the objective of the Nagoya Protocol.

Competent authorities and potential users : the competent authorities and the focal point on access and benefit-sharing shall provide advice to the public and potential users seeking information on the implementation of this Regulation and of the relevant provisions of the Convention and the Nagoya Protocol in the Union.

Monitoring user compliance: amendments provide that the users shall declare to the competent authorities that they have fulfilled the obligations and shall submit the related information on the occasion of establishing prior informed consent and mutually agreed terms; applying for patents or for new plant variety rights at relevant national, regional or international institutions; or requesting market approval for a product developed on the basis of genetic resources.

Competent authorities shall verify the information and transmit to the Access and Benefit Sharing Clearing House Mechanism, to the Commission and if appropriate to the competent authorities of the State concerned. The Commission shall within three months summarise the information received and make it public in an easily accessible open, internet-based, format.

Penalties : Members calls for fines to be proportional to the value of the use activities related to the genetic resources concerned and at least effectively depriving those responsible of the economic benefits derived from the infringement.

Union platform on the access and benefit-sharing : the Union platform shall contribute to the streamlining of access conditions at Union level by discussing related issues, including the design and performances of access regimes established in Member States, the promotion of research which contributes to the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, particularly in developing countries.

Any such advice, guidance or opinions provided shall have due regard for the requirement to involve the relevant indigenous and local communities concerned.

Additional measures : the Commission and the Member States should also, if necessary:

take measures to support, including through existing research programmes, collections that contribute to the conservation of biological diversity and cultural diversity but have insufficient means, to register their collections in the Union register; ensure that, in situations where genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge are utilised illegally, or not in compliance with prior informed consent or mutually agreed terms, providers who are competent to grant access to genetic resources and sign mutually agreed terms are entitled to bring an action to prevent or stop such utilisation, including through injunctions, and to seek compensation for any damages resulting thereof; encourage users and providers to direct benefits arising from the utilisation or subsequent commercialisation of genetic resources towards the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components; support, including through capacity-building, upon request, regional cooperation on benefit-sharing regarding transboundary genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge; support research and development of genetic catalogues both within the Union and in third countries.

Consultation Forum : Members consider that Member States experts as well as stakeholder organisations should have an opportunity to participate and contribute to the implementation of the Regulation, including the draft delegated and implementing acts. To this end, they propose the creation of a Consultation Forum based on the model in the Eco-Design Directive 2009/125/EC.

Documents
2013/07/04
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2013/06/18
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2013/06/18
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2013/06/18
   CSL - Council Meeting
2013/05/30
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2013/05/30
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2013/05/30
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2013/05/06
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2013/03/21
   CSL - Debate in Council
Details

Ministers held a public debate on the draft regulation on access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their utilisation in the Union. The main objective of the proposal is to implement the Nagoya Protocol in the EU and to enable its ratification by the EU.

To steer further work on the proposal, the Presidency invited ministers to answer a series of questions focusing on the proposed obligations of users of genetic resources and their monitoring by Member States :

Do you consider that the obligations of users contained in the legislative proposal adequately reflect the requirements of the Nagoya Protocol with regard to user compliance in the Union? Will they contribute to the aim of effective implementation of benefit sharing arrangements? and In your view and in the light of the Nagoya Protocol, is the proposed balance between the obligations of users and the monitoring of these obligations by Member States appropriate in order to ensure the use within the Union of genetic resources accessed in accordance with relevant requirements?

The Presidency highlighted the following points that emerged from the discussion:

new legislation should not create an unnecessary burden for users or authorities but at the same time should be comprehensive enough to cover the provisions of the Nagoya Protocol; due diligence obligations of users should be accompanied by their monitoring by authorities in order to ensure compliance with the Nagoya Protocol; links with other international instruments relating to the use of genetic resources should be further examined.

The Commissioner underscored the importance of having this new piece of legislation in place by July 2014 in order to fulfil EU international commitments. The European Parliament’s Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety is scheduled to vote on the draft regulation in July 2013.

Documents
2013/03/21
   CSL - Council Meeting
2013/03/20
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2013/01/03
   EP - GRÈZE Catherine (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in DEVE
2012/12/19
   PT_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2012/12/03
   EP - BOVÉ José (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2012/11/21
   EP - HUDGHTON Ian (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in PECH
2012/11/19
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2012/10/23
   EP - BÉLIER Sandrine (Verts/ALE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2012/10/04
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2012/10/04
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2012/10/04
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

OBJECTIVE: to implement the Nagoya Protocol in the Union and to allow the ratification of this Union Treaty with a view to creating new opportunities for nature-based research, and contribute to the development of a bio-based economy .

PROPOSED: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

CONTEXT: genetic resources - the gene pool in both natural and cultivated stocks - play a significant and growing role in many economic sectors : 26% of all new approved drugs over the last 30 years are either natural products or have been derived from a natural product.

A broad range of players in the Union, including academic researchers and companies from different sectors of industry use genetic resources for research and development purposes, some also use traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources.

The main international instrument governing access to and use of genetic resources is the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) approved by Council Decision 93/626/EEC. However, the CBD currently provides little detail on how access and benefit-sharing (ABS) for the use of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge should be done in practice. In the absence of clear rules or with very burdensome rules in most provider countries, European researchers and companies have repeatedly been accused of “biopiracy” by countries claiming a violation of their sovereign rights.

The “Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity” is a new international treaty adopted on 29 October 2010 by the consensus of the Parties to the CBD. It is expected to enter into force in 2014. Once operational, the Nagoya Protocol will generate significant benefits for biodiversity conservation in States that make available the genetic resources over which they hold sovereign rights. It will in particular:

· establish more predictable conditions for access to genetic resources;

· ensure benefit-sharing between users and providers of genetic resources;

· ensure that only legally acquired genetic resources are used.

The Commission proposes from then on to set out a clear and sound framework for implementing the Nagoya Protocol that should enhance opportunities available for nature-based research and development activities in the Union.

IMPACT ASESMENT: in particular, the Commission analysed in-depth two options for access measures and four options for user-compliance measures . All options were analysed against a business as usual baseline without implementing measures at EU or Member State level. It also analysed two options on the temporal application of EU-level measures as well as a range of complementary measures.

The analysis identified:

1) the preferable option on access as the establishment of an EU platform for discussing access to genetic resources and sharing best practices;

2) the identified preferable option on user-compliance as a due diligence obligation on EU users complemented by a system to identify collections as “trusted sources” of genetic resources.

LEGAL BASIS: Article 192(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

CONTENT: the proposal sets out obligations for users of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources in the Union.

The proposal sets out obligations for users of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources in the Union. It would oblige all users to exercise due diligence to ascertain that genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources used were accessed in accordance with applicable legal requirements and that, where relevant, benefits are fairly and equitable shared upon mutually agreed terms. To that end, all users would need to seek, keep and transfer to subsequent users certain information relevant for access and benefit-sharing. The proposal sets out minimum features of due diligence measures.

Obligations of users : The proposal obliges all users to exercise due diligence to ascertain that genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources used were accessed in accordance with applicable legal requirements and that, where relevant, benefits are fairly and equitable shared upon mutually agreed terms. To that end, all users would need to seek, keep and transfer to subsequent users certain information relevant for access and benefit-sharing. The proposal sets out minimum features of due diligence measures.

Good practice : to comply, users could build on existing ABS codes of conduct developed for the academic sector and different industries.

Associations of users may request the Commission to recognise a specific combination of procedures, tools or mechanisms overseen by an association as best practice. Competent authorities of the Member States would be obliged to consider that the implementation of a recognised best practice by a user reduces that user's risk of non-compliance and justifies a reduction in compliance checks.

Union trusted collections : this proposal also foresees a system of Union trusted collections that would substantially lower the risk that illegally acquired genetic resources are used in the Union. Collections that wish to be included in the register of Union trusted collection would commit to supply only fully documented samples of genetic resources to third persons for their use.

The competent authorities of the Member States will have to verify if a collection meets the requirements for recognition as Union trusted collection. Users acquiring a genetic resource from a collection included in the Union register would be considered to have exercised due diligence as regards the seeking of all necessary information.

Checks on user compliance : users would be obliged to declare at identified points that they complied with their due diligence obligation.

Competent authorities of Member States should check on a risk-based approach whether users comply with their obligations under this Regulation. Member States should also ensure that infringements of this Regulation by users are sanctioned by effective, proportionate and dissuasive penalties .

Lastly, the proposed Regulation also foresees the creation of a Union platform on access .

BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: the proposal does not entail any significant financial implications for the Community budget.

Documents

Activities

Votes

A7-0263/2013 - Sandrine Bélier - Am 37/1 #

2013/09/12 Outcome: +: 606, -: 22, 0: 5
DE FR IT ES PL GB RO PT HU CZ EL SE AT BE BG SK DK HR NL FI SI LV LT IE EE LU CY MT
Total
86
65
50
45
44
54
26
19
18
18
17
16
19
17
14
13
12
11
22
11
8
8
7
12
6
5
5
4
icon: PPE PPE
222

Czechia PPE

For (1)

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3
2

Malta PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
170

Netherlands S&D

3

Finland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Ireland S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
69

Romania ALDE

2

Greece ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

1

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1
3

Finland ALDE

Against (1)

3

Slovenia ALDE

2

Lithuania ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

4

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
53

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Portugal Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Greece Verts/ALE

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
40

Italy ECR

1

Hungary ECR

For (1)

1

Denmark ECR

For (1)

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
29

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Croatia GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Latvia GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1
icon: EFD EFD
24

United Kingdom EFD

4

Greece EFD

1

Belgium EFD

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Denmark EFD

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands EFD

For (1)

1

Finland EFD

For (1)

1

Lithuania EFD

2
icon: NI NI
25

France NI

2

Italy NI

For (1)

1

Spain NI

1

United Kingdom NI

4

Hungary NI

1

Belgium NI

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria NI

1

Ireland NI

For (1)

1

A7-0263/2013 - Sandrine Bélier - Am 37/2 #

2013/09/12 Outcome: -: 300, +: 163, 0: 163
DK FI EE EL BE CY MT LU SI LT BG SK IT SE LV FR NL RO AT IE PT CZ HR ES HU DE GB PL
Total
12
11
6
15
17
4
4
5
8
6
13
13
49
16
8
65
22
26
19
12
19
19
11
45
18
83
55
44
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
52

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Greece Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
29

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

1

Latvia GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Croatia GUE/NGL

1

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
67
3

Finland ALDE

Against (1)

3

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Lithuania ALDE

1

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1

Romania ALDE

2

Austria ALDE

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

4
icon: S&D S&D
169

Finland S&D

Abstain (1)

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Belgium S&D

Abstain (1)

3
2

Malta S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Lithuania S&D

1

Bulgaria S&D

3

Latvia S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

Against (1)

3

Ireland S&D

2

Hungary S&D

3
icon: EFD EFD
23

Denmark EFD

Abstain (1)

1

Finland EFD

For (1)

1

Greece EFD

1

Belgium EFD

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania EFD

Abstain (1)

1

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Netherlands EFD

For (1)

1

United Kingdom EFD

4
icon: NI NI
25

Belgium NI

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria NI

Against (1)

1

Italy NI

Abstain (1)

1

France NI

2

Ireland NI

Abstain (1)

1

Spain NI

1

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

4
icon: ECR ECR
42

Denmark ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Italy ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Hungary ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
218

Finland PPE

For (1)

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Belgium PPE

For (1)

4

Cyprus PPE

Against (1)

1

Malta PPE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Luxembourg PPE

3
3

Czechia PPE

Against (1)

1

A7-0263/2013 - Sandrine Bélier - Am 50 #

2013/09/12 Outcome: -: 343, +: 281, 0: 10
ES IT FR EL SE PT CY DE CZ MT LT SK HR AT FI LV DK RO EE BE LU IE SI NL BG HU GB PL
Total
46
49
64
17
16
19
5
86
20
4
7
13
11
19
11
8
12
26
6
18
5
12
8
22
14
18
53
44
icon: S&D S&D
172

Malta S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

1

Finland S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Ireland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

Against (1)

3
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
53

Greece Verts/ALE

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
29

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Greece GUE/NGL

3

Sweden GUE/NGL

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1

Croatia GUE/NGL

1

Latvia GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: EFD EFD
24

Greece EFD

1

Lithuania EFD

2

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Finland EFD

Against (1)

1

Denmark EFD

Against (1)

1

Belgium EFD

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands EFD

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom EFD

4
icon: NI NI
25

Spain NI

1

Italy NI

For (1)

1

France NI

2

Belgium NI

Against (1)

1

Ireland NI

For (1)

1

Bulgaria NI

Against (1)

1

Hungary NI

1

United Kingdom NI

Abstain (1)

4
icon: ECR ECR
40

Italy ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Denmark ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1

Hungary ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
69

Spain ALDE

2

Greece ALDE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

Against (1)

1

Slovakia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Austria ALDE

Against (1)

1
3

Denmark ALDE

3

Romania ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (2)

2
icon: PPE PPE
221

Sweden PPE

3

Cyprus PPE

2

Czechia PPE

2

Malta PPE

2

Finland PPE

For (1)

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3
3

A7-0263/2013 - Sandrine Bélier - Résolution législative #

2014/03/11 Outcome: +: 630, 0: 38, -: 14
DE FR IT GB ES PL RO HU AT SE BE PT BG CZ NL SK DK FI HR EL IE LT SI LV EE LU MT CY
Total
92
64
59
67
49
45
28
21
19
19
18
20
15
20
25
13
13
12
12
16
10
8
7
8
6
6
4
5
icon: PPE PPE
241

Czechia PPE

1

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Lithuania PPE

1

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Malta PPE

For (1)

1
2
icon: S&D S&D
175

Netherlands S&D

3

Finland S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

Abstain (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
74

Italy ALDE

Abstain (1)

3

Austria ALDE

1

Belgium ALDE

2

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1
3

Slovenia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
55

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Sweden Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

4

Portugal Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Greece Verts/ALE

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
51

Hungary ECR

For (1)

1

Belgium ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

1

Denmark ECR

For (1)

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: EFD EFD
25

Belgium EFD

For (1)

1

Bulgaria EFD

For (1)

1

Netherlands EFD

For (1)

1

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Denmark EFD

1

Finland EFD

For (1)

1

Greece EFD

1

Lithuania EFD

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
30

Italy NI

2
6

Spain NI

1

Belgium NI

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria NI

1

Ireland NI

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
30

France GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Spain GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Croatia GUE/NGL

1

Greece GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

3

Latvia GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
AmendmentsDossier
155 2012/0278(COD)
2013/04/29 AGRI 28 amendments...
source: PE-507.965
2013/04/30 PECH 3 amendments...
source: PE-510.628
2013/05/17 DEVE 9 amendments...
source: PE-510.587
2013/05/30 ENVI 115 amendments...
source: PE-513.008

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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2013-06-28T00:00:00
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activities
  • date: 2012-10-04T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/registre/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2012/0576/COM_COM(2012)0576_EN.pdf title: COM(2012)0576 type: Legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52012PC0576:EN body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/environment/ title: Environment Commissioner: POTOČNIK Janez type: Legislative proposal published
  • date: 2012-11-19T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2012-12-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: BOVÉ José body: EP responsible: False committee: DEVE date: 2013-01-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Development rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: GRÈZE Catherine body: EP shadows: group: PPE name: GUTIÉRREZ-CORTINES Cristina group: S&D name: POC Pavel group: ALDE name: GERBRANDY Gerben-Jan group: ECR name: ROSBACH Anna group: GUE/NGL name: LIOTARD Kartika Tamara responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2012-10-23T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: BÉLIER Sandrine body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE body: EP responsible: False committee: PECH date: 2012-11-21T00:00:00 committee_full: Fisheries rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: HUDGHTON Ian body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Regional Development committee: REGI
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 3233 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3233*&MEET_DATE=21/03/2013 type: Debate in Council title: 3233 council: Environment date: 2013-03-21T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 3246 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3246*&MEET_DATE=18/06/2013 type: Debate in Council title: 3246 council: Environment date: 2013-06-18T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2013-07-04T00:00:00 body: EP type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2012-12-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: BOVÉ José body: EP responsible: False committee: DEVE date: 2013-01-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Development rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: GRÈZE Catherine body: EP shadows: group: PPE name: GUTIÉRREZ-CORTINES Cristina group: S&D name: POC Pavel group: ALDE name: GERBRANDY Gerben-Jan group: ECR name: ROSBACH Anna group: GUE/NGL name: LIOTARD Kartika Tamara responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2012-10-23T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: BÉLIER Sandrine body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE body: EP responsible: False committee: PECH date: 2012-11-21T00:00:00 committee_full: Fisheries rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: HUDGHTON Ian body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Regional Development committee: REGI
  • body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2013-263&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A7-0263/2013 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee: AGRI date: 2012-12-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: BOVÉ José body: EP responsible: False committee: DEVE date: 2013-01-03T00:00:00 committee_full: Development rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: GRÈZE Catherine body: EP shadows: group: PPE name: GUTIÉRREZ-CORTINES Cristina group: S&D name: POC Pavel group: ALDE name: GERBRANDY Gerben-Jan group: ECR name: ROSBACH Anna group: GUE/NGL name: LIOTARD Kartika Tamara responsible: True committee: ENVI date: 2012-10-23T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: BÉLIER Sandrine body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE body: EP responsible: False committee: PECH date: 2012-11-21T00:00:00 committee_full: Fisheries rapporteur: group: Verts/ALE name: HUDGHTON Ian body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Regional Development committee: REGI date: 2013-07-16T00:00:00
  • date: 2013-09-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20130911&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2013-09-12T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=23300&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2013-373 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T7-0373/2013 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2014-03-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2014-0193 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T7-0193/2014 body: EP type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
  • date: 2014-04-14T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Agriculture and Fisheries meeting_id: 3308
  • date: 2014-04-14T00:00:00 body: EP/CSL type: Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
  • date: 2014-04-16T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Final act signed
  • date: 2014-04-16T00:00:00 body: EP type: End of procedure in Parliament
  • date: 2014-05-20T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32014R0511 title: Regulation 2014/511 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2014:150:TOC title: OJ L 150 20.05.2014, p. 0059
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