BETA


2012/2319(INI) EU's military structures: state of play and future prospects

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET GIANNAKOU Marietta (icon: PPE PPE) PAŞCU Ioan Mircea (icon: S&D S&D), NICOLAI Norica (icon: ALDE ALDE), CRONBERG Tarja (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), VAN ORDEN Geoffrey (icon: ECR ECR), LÖSING Sabine (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 052

Events

2013/09/12
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2013/09/12
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 403 votes to 178, with 37 abstentions, a resolution on the EU’s military structures: state of play and future prospects.

Parliament highlights the EU’s insufficient capacity to respond to international crises in a timely and efficient manner , in spite of its long-standing commitment to preserving peace, safeguarding human rights, preventing conflicts and strengthening international security in accordance with the principles of the UN Charter. It stresses that it is in the interest of the EU and the Member States to act coherently as a security provider, not only within Europe, but also in the rest of the world and especially in its own neighbourhood.

It recalls the EU’s firm attachment to a comprehensive approach to crisis management, integrating a wide spectrum of diplomatic, economic, development and , in the last resort, military means .

Parliament regrets that recent military operations in both Libya and Mali have demonstrated the lack of progress toward a truly Common Security and Defence Policy and stresses the need for more coordination and cooperation at the European level if the EU is to be taken as an effective and credible world actor.

Cuts in military budgets: Parliament reiterates its grave concern at the continuing and uncoordinated cuts in national defence budgets. It urges the Member States to stop and reverse this irresponsible trend , as well as to step up efforts at national and EU levels to limit its consequences through increased cooperation and pooling and sharing.

Parliament reaffirms its recommendations to counter the negative effects of the crisis on military capabilities at EU level through better coordination of defence planning, pooling and sharing of capabilities , supporting defence research and technological development, building a more integrated, sustainable, innovative and competitive European defence technological and industrial base, establishing a European defence equipment market , and finding new forms of EU-level funding. It urges the EU Member States and the Commission to take the necessary measures to facilitate the restructuring and consolidation of defence industrial capacities, in order to reduce existing overcapacities .

Parliament also calls on the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR) to present proposals which will reflect the recommendations of this resolution , and will include options for advancing European cooperation in security and defence among the Member States willing to do so.

Improving EU capability to plan and conduct military operations: Parliament notes that, ten years after the first autonomous EU-led military operation, the EU still does not possess a permanent military planning and conduct capability . It recalls that the current arrangements, which require ad hoc activation of a national headquarters, constitute a purely reactive approach and do not provide resources for the necessary advance planning. It therefore, once more, calls for the creation of a fully-fledged EU Operational Headquarters within the European External Action Service (EEAS), if necessary through permanent structured cooperation. This should be a civilian-military structure, responsible for the planning and conduct of both EU civilian missions and military operations.

Enhancing the EU battlegroups: the Union's rapid reaction and stabilisation instrument: Parliament recognises the contribution of the EU battlegroups to the transformation of Member States’ armed forces and regrets the fact that the concept has not yet proven its utility as a rapid reaction instrument in operations. It considers that the reviewed ATHENA mechanism for common costs of military operations still does not take adequately into account the specificities of the battlegroup concept, and calls for a significant expansion of the common costs for rapid reaction operations, up to a full coverage of costs when battlegroups are used, applying the ‘costs lie where they fall’ principle. It also calls on the VP/HR to make proposals with the view to adjusting the ATHENA mechanism to the specificities of the battlegroups, if necessary through permanent structured cooperation.

Parliament invites the European Council to explore ways of streamlining the political decision-making process at EU and national level to make rapid reaction a reality. It calls for more political will to be shown to address the challenges and encourages reflection on possible simplified procedures regarding deployments of battlegroups for limited periods of time. It suggests, in particular, that any costs that are not linked to military operations, such as preparation and stand-by costs of battlegroups, could be charged to the EU budget.

Parliament’s resolution goes on to encourage the development of battlegroups as longer-term partnerships lasting beyond the stand-by period to maximise the military and economic benefits of joint procurement of equipment and services and of pooling and sharing. In their view battlegroups cannot be considered a universal crisis management tool .

Parliament also calls for the Helsinki Headline Goal of 1999 of being capable of deploying 60 000 men in 60 days for a major operation to be achieved.

Building structures and capabilities to address key capability shortfalls: Parliament regrets the absence of firm capability commitments by the Member States and calls on the Council to provide for the implementation of the related evaluation requirement. It calls for a more structured approach to address key capability shortfalls at European level and in particular in the areas of key force enablers and force multipliers such as intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) assets, strategic air lift, helicopters, medical support, air-to-air refuelling and precision-guided munitions. It also calls for an evaluation of the establishment of a permanent CSDP warehouse (with functions similar to the NATO Support Agency) and, reiterates its call on the Member States to consider joint ownership of certain expensive capabilities , notably space capabilities, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or strategic lift assets. Parliament underlines the need to create a common approach in Europe towards developing a medium-altitude long-endurance remotely piloted air system (MALE RPAS) and encourages the Commission and the Member States to develop an innovative approach for achieving this ambition.

At the same time, Parliament deplores the declining national budgets for defence research and the fact that it is mostly fragmented along national lines. It is also is seriously concerned about the increasing dependencies on non-European technologies and sources of supply and its implications for European autonomy.

Increasing coherence in permanent multinational structures of EU Member States: Parliament calls for the strengthening of links between Eurocorps and the EU Military Staff, and invites more Member States to join Eurocorps’ multinational structure.

Strengthening the European dimension in education, training and exercises: Parliament welcomes the progress in the European initiative for the exchange of young officers, inspired by the ERASMUS programme, and supports the pooling and sharing initiatives in education and training. They stress the opportunity for common training and exercises provided by the EU battlegroups . It draws attention to the need to avoid potential overlaps with NATO, e.g. in the area of cyber security training.

Parliament reiterates its full support for European structures and projects in the area of education and training and stresses, in particular, the contribution of the European Security and Defence College (ESDC) to the promotion of a common security culture .

Increasing the benefits of EU-NATO cooperation: Parliament urges much closer and more regular collaboration at a political level between the VP/HR and the Secretary-General of NATO for the purposes of risk assessment, resource management, policy planning and the execution of operations, both civilian and military. It emphasises the importance of NATO standards for European defence cooperation. It notes that the NATO Response Force and EU battlegroups are complementary, mutually reinforcing initiatives, which, however, require similar efforts from the Member States.

Moving the CSDP to a new level: Parliament encourages the Member States willing to do so to proceed, if necessary, in accordance with Articles 42(6) and 46 TEU on permanent structured cooperation . This cooperation should include, in particular, the following elements aimed at enhanced operational effectiveness:

the establishment of a permanent EU Operational Headquarters, common funding of rapid reaction operations using EU battlegroups, a commitment to contribute to the battlegroup roster, with aligned rules of engagement and streamlined decision-making procedures.

Any agreement on permanent structured cooperation should at least include commitments to:

structured coordination of defence planning; common evaluation and review of capability building; and increased funding for the EDA.

Parliament notes that the Treaty clearly states that permanent structured cooperation is to be established within the Union framework, observing that the vast majority of activities developed under it could therefore benefit from access to the EU budget under the same conditions as other EU activities, in line with Article 41 of the EU Treaty.

Lastly, Parliament considers That permanent structured cooperation should also facilitate increased coherence between European collaborative initiatives, in the spirit of inclusiveness and flexibility.

Documents
2013/09/12
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2013/09/11
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2013/06/06
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the initiative report by Marietta GIANNAKOU (EPP, EL) on the EU’s military structures: state of play and future prospects.

Members highlight the EU’s insufficient capacity to respond to international crises in a timely and efficient manner , in spite of its long-standing commitment to preserving peace, safeguarding human rights, preventing conflicts and strengthening international security in accordance with the principles of the UN Charter. They stress that it is in the interest of the EU and the Member States to act coherently as a security provider, not only within Europe, but also in the rest of the world and especially in its own neighbourhood.

They recall the EU’s firm attachment to a comprehensive approach to crisis management, integrating a wide spectrum of diplomatic, economic, development and, in the last resort, military means .

Members regret that recent military operations in both Libya and Mali have demonstrated the lack of progress toward a truly Common Security and Defence Policy and stress the need for more coordination and cooperation at the European level.

Cuts in military budgets: Members reiterate their grave concern at the continuing and uncoordinated cuts in national defence budgets and reaffirm Parliament’s recommendations to counter the negative effects of the crisis on military capabilities at EU level through better coordination of defence planning, pooling and sharing of capabilities . They urge the EU Member States and the Commission to take the necessary measures to facilitate the restructuring and consolidation of defence industrial capacities, in order to reduce existing overcapacities .

They also call on the Vice-President of the Commission / High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (VP/HR) to present proposals which will reflect the recommendations of this resolution , and will include options for advancing European cooperation in security and defence among the Member States willing to do so.

Improving EU capability to plan and conduct military operations: Members note that, ten years after the first autonomous EU-led military operation, the EU still does not possess a permanent military planning and conduct capability . They recall that the current arrangements, which require ad hoc activation of a national headquarters, constitute a purely reactive approach and do not provide resources for the necessary advance planning. They therefore, once more, call for the creation of a fully-fledged EU Operational Headquarters within the European External Action Service (EEAS), if necessary through permanent structured cooperation. It should be a civilian-military structure, responsible for the planning and conduct of both EU civilian missions and military operations.

Enhancing the EU battlegroups: the Union's rapid reaction and stabilisation instrument: Members recognise the contribution of the EU battlegroups to the transformation of Member States’ armed forces and regret the fact that the concept has not yet proven its utility as a rapid reaction instrument in operations. They consider that the reviewed ATHENA mechanism for common costs of military operations still does not take adequately into account the specificities of the battlegroup concept, and call for a significant expansion of the common costs for rapid reaction operations, up to a full coverage of costs when battlegroups are used, applying the ‘costs lie where they fall’ principle. They also call on the VP/HR to make proposals with the view to adjusting the ATHENA mechanism to the specificities of the battlegroups, if necessary through permanent structured cooperation.

They invite the European Council to explore ways of streamlining the political decision-making process at EU and national level to make rapid reaction a reality.

Further on, they encourage the development of battlegroups as longer-term partnerships lasting beyond the stand-by period to maximise the military and economic benefits of joint procurement of equipment and services and of pooling and sharing. In their view battlegroups cannot be considered a universal crisis management tool .

Members also call for the Helsinki Headline Goal of 1999 of being capable of deploying 60 000 men in 60 days for a major operation to be achieved.

Building structures and capabilities to address key capability shortfalls: Members regret the absence of firm capability commitments by the Member States and call on the Council to provide for the implementation of the related evaluation requirement. They call for a more structured approach to address key capability shortfalls at European level and in particular in the areas of key force enablers and force multipliers such as intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) assets, strategic air lift, helicopters, medical support, air-to-air refuelling and precision-guided munitions. They also call for an evaluation of the establishment of a permanent CSDP warehouse (with functions similar to the NATO Support Agency) and, reiterate their call on the Member States to consider joint ownership of certain expensive capabilities , notably space capabilities, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or strategic lift assets.

At the same time, Members deplore the declining national budgets for defence research and the fact that it is mostly fragmented along national lines.

Increasing coherence in permanent multinational structures of EU Member States: Members call for the strengthening of links between Eurocorps and the EU Military Staff, and invite more Member States to join Eurocorps’ multinational structure.

Strengthening the European dimension in education, training and exercises: Members welcome the progress in the European initiative for the exchange of young officers, inspired by the ERASMUS programme, and support pooling and sharing initiatives in education and training. They stress the opportunity for common training and exercises provided by the EU battlegroups . They draw attention to the need to avoid potential overlaps with NATO, e.g. in the area of cyber security training.

Increasing the benefits of EU-NATO cooperation: Members urge much closer and more regular collaboration at a political level between the VP/HR and the Secretary-General of NATO for the purposes of risk assessment, resource management, policy planning and the execution of operations, both civilian and military. They emphasise the importance of NATO standards for European defence cooperation. They note that the NATO Response Force and EU battlegroups are complementary, mutually reinforcing initiatives, which, however, require similar efforts from the Member States.

Moving the CSDP to a new level: Members encourage the Member States willing to do so to proceed, if necessary, in accordance with Articles 42(6) and 46 TEU on permanent structured cooperation . This cooperation should include, in particular, the following elements aimed at enhanced operational effectiveness:

the establishment of a permanent EU Operational Headquarters, common funding of rapid reaction operations using EU battlegroups, a commitment to contribute to the battlegroup roster, with aligned rules of engagement and streamlined decision-making procedures.

Any agreement on permanent structured cooperation should at least include commitments to:

structured coordination of defence planning; common evaluation and review of capability building; and increased funding for the EDA.

Permanent structured cooperation should also facilitate increased coherence between European collaborative initiatives, in the spirit of inclusiveness and flexibility.

It should be noted that this report is the subject of a minority opinion which calls for radical (nuclear) disarmament at EU and global level and the setting in place of a civil European Union that favours civil conflict resolution and no military assistance obligation, whether in or outside the EU.

Documents
2013/05/30
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2013/04/16
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2013/03/12
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2013/01/15
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2012/10/10
   EP - GIANNAKOU Marietta (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in AFET

Documents

Activities

Votes

A7-0205/2013 - Marietta Giannakou - § 5

2013/09/12 Outcome: +: 431, -: 170, 0: 26
ES DE FR RO IT PL BG HU SK BE PT EL FI SI HR EE MT LT NL LU IE CY LV AT CZ DK SE GB
Total
46
83
64
27
50
43
15
18
13
17
19
16
11
7
10
6
4
7
22
5
10
6
7
19
20
12
16
53
icon: PPE PPE
220

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Ireland PPE

3
2

Czechia PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
168

Finland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

1
3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

1

Netherlands S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Ireland S&D

Abstain (1)

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
69

Romania ALDE

2

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1

Greece ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Lithuania ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

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1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

4

Austria ALDE

1

Denmark ALDE

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3

Sweden ALDE

4
icon: NI NI
25

Spain NI

1

France NI

2

Italy NI

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1

Bulgaria NI

1

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1

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

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1
icon: EFD EFD
24

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1

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For (1)

1

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1

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1

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2

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1

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1

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4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
29

Spain GUE/NGL

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1

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3

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1

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2

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2

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1

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3

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1

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1

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1
icon: ECR ECR
41

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
50

Belgium Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

4

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1

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1

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2

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1

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2

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1

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1

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2

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Against (1)

1
3

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

A7-0205/2013 - Marietta Giannakou - § 23/1

2013/09/12 Outcome: +: 510, -: 89, 0: 29
DE FR IT ES RO PL BE BG HU PT SK AT DK SE FI EL IE NL SI EE HR LU MT LT LV CY CZ GB
Total
84
64
50
44
27
44
17
15
18
19
12
19
11
16
11
15
11
22
8
6
10
5
4
7
7
6
20
55
icon: PPE PPE
218

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Malta PPE

2
2

Czechia PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
169

Sweden S&D

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

5

Finland S&D

2

Ireland S&D

Abstain (1)

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

2

Estonia S&D

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1
3

Malta S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
70

Romania ALDE

2

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

1
3

Greece ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

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1

Lithuania ALDE

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
50

Portugal Verts/ALE

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1

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2

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1

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3

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2

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1

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2

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1

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For (1)

1

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1

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4
icon: EFD EFD
24

Belgium EFD

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1

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1

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1

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1

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2

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4
icon: NI NI
25

France NI

2

Italy NI

For (1)

1

Spain NI

1

Belgium NI

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1

Bulgaria NI

1

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1
5

Ireland NI

For (1)

1

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4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
30

Spain GUE/NGL

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1

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3

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1

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1

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icon: ECR ECR
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1

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1

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1

A7-0205/2013 - Marietta Giannakou - § 23/2

2013/09/12 Outcome: +: 427, -: 154, 0: 33
DE ES IT FR RO PL HU BG SK PT EL SI HR BE EE MT LT LU NL IE FI SE AT CY LV DK CZ GB
Total
82
43
49
62
26
43
18
14
12
19
16
7
10
16
6
4
7
5
22
11
10
16
17
6
7
12
19
54
icon: PPE PPE
215

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3

Finland PPE

Against (1)

3

Sweden PPE

Against (1)

3
2

Czechia PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
160

Bulgaria S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

1
3

Belgium S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Malta S&D

2

Lithuania S&D

1

Netherlands S&D

3

Ireland S&D

Abstain (1)

2

Finland S&D

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
70

Romania ALDE

2

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1

Greece ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Lithuania ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

4

Sweden ALDE

Against (1)

4

Austria ALDE

Abstain (1)

1
3
icon: NI NI
24

Spain NI

1

Italy NI

For (1)

1

France NI

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1

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Abstain (1)

1

Belgium NI

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1

Ireland NI

For (1)

1

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4
icon: EFD EFD
24

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1

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1

Lithuania EFD

2

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1

Finland EFD

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1

Denmark EFD

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1

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4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
30

Spain GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Croatia GUE/NGL

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1

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2

Ireland GUE/NGL

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1

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1

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2

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1

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1

Czechia GUE/NGL

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3

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1
icon: ECR ECR
41

Italy ECR

1

Hungary ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

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1

Netherlands ECR

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1

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1

Denmark ECR

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1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Portugal Verts/ALE

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1

Greece Verts/ALE

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1

Belgium Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

4

Estonia Verts/ALE

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1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

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1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (2)

2
3

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

4

A7-0205/2013 - Marietta Giannakou - § 25

2013/09/12 Outcome: +: 437, -: 160, 0: 24
ES DE IT FR RO PL HU BG SK PT BE SI EL IE HR FI EE LT MT LU CY NL LV AT DK SE CZ GB
Total
45
82
50
63
27
43
18
15
12
19
16
8
16
10
10
11
6
6
4
5
6
21
7
18
12
16
20
54
icon: PPE PPE
218

Finland PPE

Against (1)

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3
2

Sweden PPE

For (1)

3

Czechia PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
164

Belgium S&D

Abstain (1)

3

Slovenia S&D

2

Ireland S&D

1
3

Finland S&D

2

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Malta S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Sweden S&D

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

5
icon: ALDE ALDE
70

Romania ALDE

2

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Greece ALDE

1

Lithuania ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

1
3

Sweden ALDE

Against (1)

4
icon: NI NI
25

Spain NI

1

Italy NI

For (1)

1

France NI

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria NI

Against (1)

1

Belgium NI

Abstain (1)

1

Ireland NI

Abstain (1)

1

United Kingdom NI

4
icon: EFD EFD
24

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Belgium EFD

For (1)

1

Greece EFD

1

Finland EFD

For (1)

1

Lithuania EFD

2

Netherlands EFD

For (1)

1

Denmark EFD

Against (1)

1

United Kingdom EFD

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
29

Spain GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Croatia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Latvia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
41

Italy ECR

1

Hungary ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Denmark ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
49

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Greece Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (2)

2

Estonia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1
3

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

A7-0205/2013 - Marietta Giannakou - § 34

2013/09/12 Outcome: +: 432, -: 164, 0: 27
ES DE IT FR RO PL HU BG SK PT BE SI EL FI AT HR EE LT DK MT LU IE CY LV SE CZ NL GB
Total
45
82
50
63
27
44
18
15
13
19
17
8
16
11
18
10
6
6
12
4
5
11
6
7
16
19
21
53
icon: PPE PPE
220

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3
2

Czechia PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
166

Slovenia S&D

2

Finland S&D

2
3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Malta S&D

2

Ireland S&D

Abstain (1)

2

Netherlands S&D

3
icon: ALDE ALDE
68

Romania ALDE

2

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Greece ALDE

1

Austria ALDE

1

Lithuania ALDE

1
3

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Sweden ALDE

4
icon: NI NI
25

Spain NI

1

Italy NI

For (1)

1

France NI

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria NI

Against (1)

1

Belgium NI

Abstain (1)

1

Ireland NI

Abstain (1)

1
icon: EFD EFD
24

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Belgium EFD

For (1)

1

Greece EFD

1

Finland EFD

For (1)

1

Lithuania EFD

2

Denmark EFD

Against (1)

1

Netherlands EFD

For (1)

1

United Kingdom EFD

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
30

Spain GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Croatia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Latvia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

3

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
39

Italy ECR

1

Hungary ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Denmark ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
50

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

4

Greece Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (2)

2

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Estonia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1
3

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

A7-0205/2013 - Marietta Giannakou - § 35

2013/09/12 Outcome: +: 441, -: 160, 0: 24
ES DE IT FR RO PL HU SK BG PT EL IE BE FI SI HR DK EE LT MT LU AT CY LV NL SE CZ GB
Total
45
84
49
64
27
44
18
13
14
18
16
11
16
11
7
10
12
6
6
4
5
18
6
7
22
16
20
55
icon: PPE PPE
218

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

3
2

Czechia PPE

2
icon: S&D S&D
166

Bulgaria S&D

2

Ireland S&D

Abstain (1)

2

Belgium S&D

2

Finland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

1
3

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

1

Malta S&D

2

Austria S&D

Against (1)

4

Netherlands S&D

3

Sweden S&D

Against (1)

Abstain (1)

5
icon: ALDE ALDE
70

Romania ALDE

2

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1

Greece ALDE

1

Slovenia ALDE

2
3

Lithuania ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Austria ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

4
icon: NI NI
25

Spain NI

1

Italy NI

For (1)

1

France NI

2

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1

Bulgaria NI

Against (1)

1

Ireland NI

Abstain (1)

1

Belgium NI

Abstain (1)

1
icon: EFD EFD
24

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Greece EFD

1

Belgium EFD

For (1)

1

Finland EFD

For (1)

1

Denmark EFD

Abstain (1)

1

Lithuania EFD

2

Netherlands EFD

For (1)

1

United Kingdom EFD

4
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
30

Spain GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Croatia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Latvia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
41

Italy ECR

1

Hungary ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Denmark ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
50

Portugal Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Greece Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1
4

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (2)

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

Aga