BETA


2013/0245(NLE) Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking (FCH 2 Joint Undertaking)

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead ITRE PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov (icon: ALDE ALDE) BŘEZINA Jan (icon: PPE PPE), CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando (icon: S&D S&D), TURMES Claude (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen (icon: ECR ECR)
Committee Opinion BUDG
Committee Opinion JURI
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 187, TFEU 188 -a1

Events

2017/10/06
   EC - Follow-up document
2017/10/06
   EC - Follow-up document
2014/07/09
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2014/06/07
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to prolong the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 JU) in order to strengthen industrial research and innovation across the Union.

NON-LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Regulation (EU) n° 559/2014 establishing the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking.

CONTENT: the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, Horizon 2020 , supports public-private partnerships in research and innovation in order that the Union might tackle certain key challenges.

In order to increase activities in relation to hydrogen production, storage and distribution, this Regulation aims to establish a new Joint Undertaking (JU) for the implementation of the Joint Technology Initiative on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (FCH 2), for a period up to 31 December 2024 .

FCH 2 JU replaces the previous FCH JU , set up under the Seventh Framework Programme.

It is a body entrusted with the implementation of a public-private partnership. Its seat will be located in Brussels, Belgium.

The Members of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking shall be the Union and upon acceptance of the Statutes: the New Energy World Industry Grouping AISBL and the New European Research Grouping on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen AISBL, two non profit organisations established under Belgian Law.

In order to take into account the duration of Horizon 2020 , calls for proposals under the Joint Undertaking must be launched at the latest by 31 December 2020 (in duly justified cases, by 31 December 2021). Calls for proposals will be published on the single portal for participants as well as through other Horizon 2020 electronic means of dissemination managed by the Commission.

The rules for participation and dissemination of the Horizon 2020 programme will apply to the JU.

Objectives of the JU : the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking was set up for the period up to 31 December 2017. The FCH 2 Joint Undertaking should provide continued support to the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen research programme by implementing the remaining actions.

The JU will contribute to the implementation of Horizon 2020 and in particular the Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy Challenge and the Smart, Green and Integrated Transport Challenge and aim to:

· reduce the production cost of fuel cell systems to be used in transport applications, while increasing their lifetime to levels which can compete with conventional technologies;

· increase the electrical efficiency and the durability of the different fuel cells used for power production to levels which can compete with conventional technologies, while reducing costs;

· increase the energy efficiency of production of hydrogen mainly from water electrolysis and renewable sources while reducing operating and capital costs;

· demonstrate on a large scale the feasibility of using hydrogen to support integration of renewable energy sources into the energy systems;

· reduce the use of the EU defined ‘ Critical raw materials’ , for instance through low-platinum or platinum-free resources and through recycling or reducing or avoiding the use of rare earth elements.

Funding: the Union financial contribution to the JU shall come from Horizon 2020 and amount up to EUR 665 million . The members of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking other than the Union shall make a total contribution of at least EUR 380 million of which in kind contributions will be at least EUR 285 million.

The Commission may terminate , proportionally reduce or suspend the Union’s financial contribution to the JU or trigger the winding-up procedure if members other than the Union, including their constituent entities and affiliated entities, do not provide contributions.

The Regulation contains provisions that aim to ensure the protection of the financial interests of the Members.

The discharge for the implementation of the budget of the JU shall be given by the European Parliament, upon recommendation of the Council in accordance with the procedure provided for in the financial rules of the FCH 2 JU.

Evaluation: by 30 June 2017 the Commission shall carry out, with the assistance of independent experts, an interim evaluation of the JU. It shall send that report to the European Parliament and to the Council by 31 December 2017. The results of the interim evaluation shall be taken into account in the interim evaluation of Horizon 2020.

FCH 2 JU’s mandate will end on 31 December 2024 and the JU will be wound up.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 27.06.2014.

2014/05/06
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
2014/05/06
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2014/04/15
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2014/04/15
   EP - Decision by Parliament
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 588 votes to 26, with 62 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council regulation on the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking.

Parliament approved the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments:

Joint Undertaking : for the implementation of the Joint Technology Initiative on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen, the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking should be established until 31 December 2024 . In order to take into account the duration of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, calls for proposals under FCH 2 Joint Undertaking should be launched at the latest by 31 December 2020 . In duly justified cases calls for proposals may be launched until 31 December 2021.

It should, in particular:

increase the energy efficiency of production of hydrogen mainly from water electrolysis and renewable sources while reducing operating and capital costs, so that the combined system of the hydrogen production and the conversion using the fuel cell system is competitive with the alternatives available in the marketplace; reduce the use of the EU defined ‘Critical raw materials’ , for instance via low or platinum free resources and through recycling or reducing or avoiding the use of rare earth elements.

The Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking should take into account the OECD definitions regarding Technological Readiness Level (TRL) in the classification of technological research, product development and demonstration activities

The Joint Undertaking should seek to develop close interactions with the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF).

Financial contribution : the maximum Union contribution, including EFTA appropriations, to the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking to cover administrative costs and operational costs should be EUR 665 million .

The Members of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking other than the Union shall make or arrange for their constituent entities or their affiliated entities to make a total contribution of at least EUR 380 million . In-kind contributions should make up at least EUR 285 million of that amount.

Openness and transparency : in order to facilitate participation, the calls for proposals launched by the Joint Undertaking should also be published on the single portal for participants as well as through other Horizon 2020 electronic means of dissemination managed by the Commission.

Participation : any eligible institution may become a participant or a coordinator in selected projects. According to specific policy requirements or to the nature and objective of the action set out in the work plan, it can be required that the participants are constituent entities of a Member other than the Union.

Discharge : in view of the specific nature and the current status of the Joint Undertakings, and in order to ensure continuity with the 7th Framework Programme, the Joint Undertakings should continue to be subject to a separate discharge.

Simplification : for the purpose of simplification, administrative burdens should be reduced for all parties. Double audits and disproportionate documentation and reporting should be avoided.

Evaluation : by 30 June 2017 , the Commission should carry out, with the assistance of independent experts, an interim evaluation of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking, and send a report to the European Parliament and to the Council by 31 December 2017. The results of the interim evaluation of the Joint Undertaking shall be taken into account in the interim evaluation of Horizon 2020.

Documents
2014/03/06
   IT_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2014/02/06
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy adopted, in the framework of a special legislative procedure (consultation of Parliament), the report by Vladko Todorov PANAYOTOV (ADLE, BG) on the proposal for a Council regulation on the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking.

The committee approved the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments:

FCH 2 Joint Undertaking : in order to take account of the duration of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020), all calls for proposals should be launched by 31 December 2020 .

Objectives: the Joint Undertaking should have the following objectives:

· contribute to the implementation of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, and in particular at least three of the specific objectives under part III "Societal Challenges”;

· contribute to the objectives of the Joint Technology Initiative on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen, through dissemination and capacity building across the Member States;

· increase the energy efficiency of production of hydrogen from water electrolysis and from renewable energy sources while reducing capital and operational costs.

· strengthen the connection between demonstration projects and results and translation of those research results into pilot applications and attractive market solutions;

· contribute to developing denser infrastructure and to increasing public awareness and acceptance by transferring the knowhow and expertise of the stronger performing Member States to the weaker performing Member States by way of demonstrations and pilot projects and by West–East centres,

· support development of advanced technologies for recovery of metals, critical for the development and deployment of FCH technologies from Union sources, including technological by-products and waste, and

· reduce the use of the "critical raw materials", as defined by the Commission, by identifying relevant substitutes where technically feasible and economically justifiable.

Scope of activities : Members inserted a new article to clarify the scope of activities of the Joint Undertaking, in particular with respect to the relevant Technology Readiness Levels covered by its research programme. The Rules on Participation also call for a greater consideration of the Technology Readiness Levels concept in relation to funding levels, which is taken up in this article with a view to the funding rates used in indirect actions.

Financial contribution : the maximum Union contribution, including contributions from countries of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), to the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking to cover administrative costs and operational costs should be EUR 665 million (rather than EUR 700 million in the Commission proposal). The contribution should be paid from the appropriations in the general budget of the Union allocated to the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme and in particular from appropriations allocated to the specific objectives "Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy” and "Smart, green and integrated transport".

A dditional activities carried out by private members : while the additional activities to be carried out by private members are a welcome addition to the leverage effect of the JTI, they should not be subject to auditing. Additional activities should be planned and carried-out accordingly, determined clearly as in-kind contributions, and reported on annually.

Evaluation: by 30 June 2017 the Commission shall organise an independent interim evaluation of the Joint Undertaking. The results of the independent interim evaluation should be taken into account in the interim evaluation of Horizon 2020.

In order to respond to unforeseen situations or to new developments and needs the Commission may, following the interim evaluation of Horizon 2020 review the budget of the Joint Undertaking within the annual budgetary procedure.

Rules for participation and dissemination : work plans may provide for justified additional conditions according to specific policy requirements or to the nature and objective of the action, inter alia, that coordinators shall be constituent entities of a Member of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking other than the Union. This should under no condition and throughout the programme raise undue conditions or restrain that willing entities can become a constituent entity of a Member. The principles of openness and transparency shall apply throughout the duration of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking.

In accordance with the principles of transparency and non-discrimination, calls for proposals organised by the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking shall be published on the web-based Horizon 2020 Participant Portal.

Duty to divulge information : the report contains a new provision stating that Members of the staff of the Joint Undertaking, the Executive Director, and members of the Governing Board shall, without delay, report such fraud as might have come to their knowledge in the performance of their duties or office in OLAF provided that this disclosure does not render them liable to prosecution.

Documents
2014/01/23
   EP - Vote in committee
2013/12/06
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2013/12/03
   CSL - Council Meeting
2013/11/14
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2013/10/08
   EP - PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in ITRE
2013/09/26
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2013/09/26
   CSL - Council Meeting
2013/09/10
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament
2013/07/10
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2013/07/10
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2013/07/10
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to prolong the Joint Undertaking (JU) in the field of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (the FCH 2 JU).

PROPOSED ACT: Council Regulation.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion.

BACKGROUND: the framework programme for research and innovation Horizon 2020 encourages public-private partnerships (PPP) in research and innovation with a view to tackling the major challenges facing Europe.

This proposal provides for a prolongation of the Joint Undertaking in the field of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen launched under the Seventh Framework Programme (2007-2013). Since its establishment, the FCH 2 JU has demonstrated the potential of hydrogen as an energy carrier, and of fuel cells as energy converters, to offer a pathway for clean systems that reduce emissions, enhance energy security, and stimulate the economy. The interim evaluation of the FCH JU has shown that the JU has served as a platform for creating of a solid partnership, for leveraging public and private funding and for the strong involvement of industry, in particular SMEs.

Although the FCH sector has reached an advanced stage of innovation it is still a premature and vulnerable one . The existence of a joint undertaking in the field of fuel cells and hydrogen is needed in order to:

address two key challenges for the EU - to ensure the energy security of supply and to boost/maintain competitiveness; tackle a series of obstacles to effective research and innovation in this area; industry on its own cannot invest in view of these obstacles, and hence public support is needed; counteract the fragmentation of the Member States programmes and achieve the coordinated, long-term, large-scale, transnational, cross-sectoral effort required; help industry to set a long-term research and innovation agenda, create the necessary critical mass, leverage private investment, provide stable funding, facilitate knowledge sharing, reduce risk, lower costs and reduce time to market.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the proposal is accompanied by a summary of the impact assessment .

LEGAL BASIS: Articles 187 and Article 188 (first paragraph) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

CONTENT: the proposal seeks to create a joint undertaking in the field of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 (the FCH 2 JU) for a period running from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2024 . The FCH 2 JU replaces and succeeds the previous FCH JU launched under the seventh framework programme.

The general objective of the proposed continuation of the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (FCH) JU in Horizon 2020 is to contribute to implementing an optimal research and innovation programme at EU level and to develop a strong, sustainable and globally competitive fuel cells and hydrogen sector in the Union, in particular to:

reduce the production cost of fuel cell systems to be used in transport applications, while increasing their lifetime to levels competitive with conventional technologies; increase the electrical efficiency and the durability of the different fuel cells used for power production, while reducing costs, to levels competitive with conventional technologies; increase the energy efficiency of production of hydrogen from water electrolysis while reducing capital costs, so that the combination of the hydrogen and the fuel cell system is competitive with the alternatives available in the marketplace; demonstrate on a large scale the feasibility of using hydrogen as a competitive energy storage medium for electricity produced from renewable energy sources.

BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: the EU budget, totalling up to EUR 700 million at current prices (including EFTA), will come from the ‘Secure, clean and efficient energy’ and the ‘Smart, green and integrated transport’ Horizon 2020 societal challenges budget.

The administrative costs of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking shall not exceed EUR 40 million and shall be covered in cash, on an annual basis, divided equally between the Union and the Members other than the Union. The Union shall contribute with 50%, the Industry Grouping with 43% and the Research Grouping with 7%.

Documents

Votes

A7-0094/2014 - Vladko Todorov Panayotov - Résolution législative #

2014/04/15 Outcome: +: 588, 0: 62, -: 26
DE IT FR ES GB PL RO CZ BE HU BG SE PT SK AT LT HR NL FI IE DK LV SI LU EE EL MT CY
Total
96
57
68
46
68
44
29
22
20
18
15
20
16
13
17
11
11
26
12
11
11
8
6
6
6
10
4
4
icon: PPE PPE
232

Czechia PPE

2

Denmark PPE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Malta PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
174

Netherlands S&D

3

Finland S&D

2

Ireland S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
75

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1
3

Latvia ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
53

Belgium ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
31

France GUE/NGL

Against (1)

4

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Croatia GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Latvia GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Greece GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

3

Cyprus GUE/NGL

1
icon: EFD EFD
27

France EFD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFD

Against (1)

3

Belgium EFD

For (1)

1

Bulgaria EFD

For (1)

1

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Lithuania EFD

2

Netherlands EFD

For (1)

1

Finland EFD

For (1)

1

Denmark EFD

1

Greece EFD

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
56

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Belgium Verts/ALE

4

Sweden Verts/ALE

4

Portugal Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

Abstain (2)

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

1
icon: NI NI
27

Italy NI

2

Spain NI

1

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

1

Ireland NI

For (1)

1
AmendmentsDossier
130 2013/0245(NLE)
2013/12/06 ITRE 130 amendments...
source: PE-524.727

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/0/shadows/4
name
MATIAS Marisa
group
European United Left - Nordic Green Left
abbr
GUE/NGL
docs/2/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE522.764
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/ITRE-PR-522764_EN.html
docs/3/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE524.727
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/ITRE-AM-524727_EN.html
docs/5/docs/0
url
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2017:0338:FIN:EN:PDF
title
EUR-Lex
docs/6/docs/0
url
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2017:0339:FIN:EN:PDF
title
EUR-Lex
events/1/type
Old
Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
New
Committee referral announced in Parliament
events/3/type
Old
Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
New
Vote in committee
events/4/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-7-2014-0094_EN.html
New
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-7-2014-0094_EN.html
events/6
date
2014-04-15T00:00:00
type
Decision by Parliament
body
EP
docs
url: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-7-2014-0375_EN.html title: T7-0375/2014
summary
events/6
date
2014-04-15T00:00:00
type
Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
body
EP
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-7-2014-0375_EN.html title: T7-0375/2014
summary
procedure/Modified legal basis
Rules of Procedure EP 150
procedure/Other legal basis
Rules of Procedure EP 159
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
rapporteur
name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov date: 2013-10-08T00:00:00 group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
shadows
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
date
2013-10-08T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
shadows
docs/4/body
EC
events/4/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2014-0094&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-7-2014-0094_EN.html
events/6/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2014-0375
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-7-2014-0375_EN.html
activities
  • date: 2013-07-10T00:00:00 docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2013&nu_doc=506 title: COM(2013)0506 type: Legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52013PC0506:EN body: EC commission: DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/research/home.cfm title: Research and Innovation Commissioner: GEOGHEGAN-QUINN Máire type: Legislative proposal published
  • date: 2013-09-10T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Budgets committee: BUDG body: EP shadows: group: PPE name: BŘEZINA Jan group: S&D name: CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando group: Verts/ALE name: TURMES Claude group: ECR name: TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen group: GUE/NGL name: MATIAS Marisa responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2013-10-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Legal Affairs committee: JURI
  • body: CSL meeting_id: 3258 docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3258*&MEET_DATE=26/09/2013 type: Debate in Council title: 3258 council: Competitiveness (Internal Market, Industry, Research and Space) date: 2013-09-26T00:00:00 type: Council Meeting
  • date: 2013-12-03T00:00:00 body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Competitiveness (Internal Market, Industry, Research and Space) meeting_id: 3276
  • date: 2014-01-23T00:00:00 body: EP type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Budgets committee: BUDG body: EP shadows: group: PPE name: BŘEZINA Jan group: S&D name: CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando group: Verts/ALE name: TURMES Claude group: ECR name: TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen group: GUE/NGL name: MATIAS Marisa responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2013-10-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Legal Affairs committee: JURI
  • body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2014-0094&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A7-0094/2014 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Budgets committee: BUDG body: EP shadows: group: PPE name: BŘEZINA Jan group: S&D name: CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando group: Verts/ALE name: TURMES Claude group: ECR name: TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen group: GUE/NGL name: MATIAS Marisa responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2013-10-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Legal Affairs committee: JURI date: 2014-02-06T00:00:00
  • date: 2014-04-15T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=24143&l=en type: Results of vote in Parliament title: Results of vote in Parliament url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2014-0375 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T7-0375/2014 body: EP type: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2014-05-06T00:00:00 body: EP type: End of procedure in Parliament
  • date: 2014-05-06T00:00:00 body: EP/CSL type: Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
  • date: 2014-06-07T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32014R0559 title: Regulation 2014/559 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2014:169:TOC title: OJ L 169 07.06.2014, p. 0108
commission
  • body: EC dg: Research and Innovation commissioner: GEOGHEGAN-QUINN Máire
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
committee
ITRE
date
2013-10-08T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe abbr: ALDE
shadows
committees/0
body
EP
responsible
False
committee_full
Budgets
committee
BUDG
committees/1
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Budgets
committee
BUDG
opinion
False
committees/1
body
EP
shadows
responsible
True
committee
ITRE
date
2013-10-08T00:00:00
committee_full
Industry, Research and Energy
rapporteur
group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov
committees/2
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Legal Affairs
committee
JURI
opinion
False
committees/2
body
EP
responsible
False
committee_full
Legal Affairs
committee
JURI
council
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Competitiveness (Internal Market, Industry, Research and Space) meeting_id: 3276 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3276*&MEET_DATE=03/12/2013 date: 2013-12-03T00:00:00
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Competitiveness (Internal Market, Industry, Research and Space) meeting_id: 3258 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3258*&MEET_DATE=26/09/2013 date: 2013-09-26T00:00:00
docs
  • date: 2013-07-10T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2013:0260:FIN:EN:PDF title: EUR-Lex title: SWD(2013)0260 type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2013-07-10T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2013:0261:FIN:EN:PDF title: EUR-Lex title: SWD(2013)0261 type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2013-11-14T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE522.764 title: PE522.764 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2013-12-06T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE524.727 title: PE524.727 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2014-07-09T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=24143&j=0&l=en title: SP(2014)471 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
  • date: 2017-10-06T00:00:00 docs: title: SWD(2017)0338 type: Follow-up document body: EC
  • date: 2017-10-06T00:00:00 docs: title: SWD(2017)0339 type: Follow-up document body: EC
  • date: 2014-03-06T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2013)0506 title: COM(2013)0506 type: Contribution body: IT_SENATE
events
  • date: 2013-07-10T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2013/0506/COM_COM(2013)0506_EN.doc title: COM(2013)0506 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2013&nu_doc=506 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to prolong the Joint Undertaking (JU) in the field of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (the FCH 2 JU). PROPOSED ACT: Council Regulation. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion. BACKGROUND: the framework programme for research and innovation Horizon 2020 encourages public-private partnerships (PPP) in research and innovation with a view to tackling the major challenges facing Europe. This proposal provides for a prolongation of the Joint Undertaking in the field of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen launched under the Seventh Framework Programme (2007-2013). Since its establishment, the FCH 2 JU has demonstrated the potential of hydrogen as an energy carrier, and of fuel cells as energy converters, to offer a pathway for clean systems that reduce emissions, enhance energy security, and stimulate the economy. The interim evaluation of the FCH JU has shown that the JU has served as a platform for creating of a solid partnership, for leveraging public and private funding and for the strong involvement of industry, in particular SMEs. Although the FCH sector has reached an advanced stage of innovation it is still a premature and vulnerable one . The existence of a joint undertaking in the field of fuel cells and hydrogen is needed in order to: address two key challenges for the EU - to ensure the energy security of supply and to boost/maintain competitiveness; tackle a series of obstacles to effective research and innovation in this area; industry on its own cannot invest in view of these obstacles, and hence public support is needed; counteract the fragmentation of the Member States programmes and achieve the coordinated, long-term, large-scale, transnational, cross-sectoral effort required; help industry to set a long-term research and innovation agenda, create the necessary critical mass, leverage private investment, provide stable funding, facilitate knowledge sharing, reduce risk, lower costs and reduce time to market. IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the proposal is accompanied by a summary of the impact assessment . LEGAL BASIS: Articles 187 and Article 188 (first paragraph) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). CONTENT: the proposal seeks to create a joint undertaking in the field of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 (the FCH 2 JU) for a period running from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2024 . The FCH 2 JU replaces and succeeds the previous FCH JU launched under the seventh framework programme. The general objective of the proposed continuation of the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (FCH) JU in Horizon 2020 is to contribute to implementing an optimal research and innovation programme at EU level and to develop a strong, sustainable and globally competitive fuel cells and hydrogen sector in the Union, in particular to: reduce the production cost of fuel cell systems to be used in transport applications, while increasing their lifetime to levels competitive with conventional technologies; increase the electrical efficiency and the durability of the different fuel cells used for power production, while reducing costs, to levels competitive with conventional technologies; increase the energy efficiency of production of hydrogen from water electrolysis while reducing capital costs, so that the combination of the hydrogen and the fuel cell system is competitive with the alternatives available in the marketplace; demonstrate on a large scale the feasibility of using hydrogen as a competitive energy storage medium for electricity produced from renewable energy sources. BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: the EU budget, totalling up to EUR 700 million at current prices (including EFTA), will come from the ‘Secure, clean and efficient energy’ and the ‘Smart, green and integrated transport’ Horizon 2020 societal challenges budget. The administrative costs of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking shall not exceed EUR 40 million and shall be covered in cash, on an annual basis, divided equally between the Union and the Members other than the Union. The Union shall contribute with 50%, the Industry Grouping with 43% and the Research Grouping with 7%.
  • date: 2013-09-10T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2013-09-26T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3258*&MEET_DATE=26/09/2013 title: 3258
  • date: 2014-01-23T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2014-02-06T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2014-0094&language=EN title: A7-0094/2014 summary: The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy adopted, in the framework of a special legislative procedure (consultation of Parliament), the report by Vladko Todorov PANAYOTOV (ADLE, BG) on the proposal for a Council regulation on the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking. The committee approved the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments: FCH 2 Joint Undertaking : in order to take account of the duration of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020), all calls for proposals should be launched by 31 December 2020 . Objectives: the Joint Undertaking should have the following objectives: · contribute to the implementation of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, and in particular at least three of the specific objectives under part III "Societal Challenges”; · contribute to the objectives of the Joint Technology Initiative on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen, through dissemination and capacity building across the Member States; · increase the energy efficiency of production of hydrogen from water electrolysis and from renewable energy sources while reducing capital and operational costs. · strengthen the connection between demonstration projects and results and translation of those research results into pilot applications and attractive market solutions; · contribute to developing denser infrastructure and to increasing public awareness and acceptance by transferring the knowhow and expertise of the stronger performing Member States to the weaker performing Member States by way of demonstrations and pilot projects and by West–East centres, · support development of advanced technologies for recovery of metals, critical for the development and deployment of FCH technologies from Union sources, including technological by-products and waste, and · reduce the use of the "critical raw materials", as defined by the Commission, by identifying relevant substitutes where technically feasible and economically justifiable. Scope of activities : Members inserted a new article to clarify the scope of activities of the Joint Undertaking, in particular with respect to the relevant Technology Readiness Levels covered by its research programme. The Rules on Participation also call for a greater consideration of the Technology Readiness Levels concept in relation to funding levels, which is taken up in this article with a view to the funding rates used in indirect actions. Financial contribution : the maximum Union contribution, including contributions from countries of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), to the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking to cover administrative costs and operational costs should be EUR 665 million (rather than EUR 700 million in the Commission proposal). The contribution should be paid from the appropriations in the general budget of the Union allocated to the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme and in particular from appropriations allocated to the specific objectives "Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy” and "Smart, green and integrated transport". A dditional activities carried out by private members : while the additional activities to be carried out by private members are a welcome addition to the leverage effect of the JTI, they should not be subject to auditing. Additional activities should be planned and carried-out accordingly, determined clearly as in-kind contributions, and reported on annually. Evaluation: by 30 June 2017 the Commission shall organise an independent interim evaluation of the Joint Undertaking. The results of the independent interim evaluation should be taken into account in the interim evaluation of Horizon 2020. In order to respond to unforeseen situations or to new developments and needs the Commission may, following the interim evaluation of Horizon 2020 review the budget of the Joint Undertaking within the annual budgetary procedure. Rules for participation and dissemination : work plans may provide for justified additional conditions according to specific policy requirements or to the nature and objective of the action, inter alia, that coordinators shall be constituent entities of a Member of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking other than the Union. This should under no condition and throughout the programme raise undue conditions or restrain that willing entities can become a constituent entity of a Member. The principles of openness and transparency shall apply throughout the duration of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking. In accordance with the principles of transparency and non-discrimination, calls for proposals organised by the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking shall be published on the web-based Horizon 2020 Participant Portal. Duty to divulge information : the report contains a new provision stating that Members of the staff of the Joint Undertaking, the Executive Director, and members of the Governing Board shall, without delay, report such fraud as might have come to their knowledge in the performance of their duties or office in OLAF provided that this disclosure does not render them liable to prosecution.
  • date: 2014-04-15T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=24143&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2014-04-15T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2014-0375 title: T7-0375/2014 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 588 votes to 26, with 62 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council regulation on the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking. Parliament approved the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments: Joint Undertaking : for the implementation of the Joint Technology Initiative on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen, the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking should be established until 31 December 2024 . In order to take into account the duration of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, calls for proposals under FCH 2 Joint Undertaking should be launched at the latest by 31 December 2020 . In duly justified cases calls for proposals may be launched until 31 December 2021. It should, in particular: increase the energy efficiency of production of hydrogen mainly from water electrolysis and renewable sources while reducing operating and capital costs, so that the combined system of the hydrogen production and the conversion using the fuel cell system is competitive with the alternatives available in the marketplace; reduce the use of the EU defined ‘Critical raw materials’ , for instance via low or platinum free resources and through recycling or reducing or avoiding the use of rare earth elements. The Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking should take into account the OECD definitions regarding Technological Readiness Level (TRL) in the classification of technological research, product development and demonstration activities The Joint Undertaking should seek to develop close interactions with the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF). Financial contribution : the maximum Union contribution, including EFTA appropriations, to the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking to cover administrative costs and operational costs should be EUR 665 million . The Members of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking other than the Union shall make or arrange for their constituent entities or their affiliated entities to make a total contribution of at least EUR 380 million . In-kind contributions should make up at least EUR 285 million of that amount. Openness and transparency : in order to facilitate participation, the calls for proposals launched by the Joint Undertaking should also be published on the single portal for participants as well as through other Horizon 2020 electronic means of dissemination managed by the Commission. Participation : any eligible institution may become a participant or a coordinator in selected projects. According to specific policy requirements or to the nature and objective of the action set out in the work plan, it can be required that the participants are constituent entities of a Member other than the Union. Discharge : in view of the specific nature and the current status of the Joint Undertakings, and in order to ensure continuity with the 7th Framework Programme, the Joint Undertakings should continue to be subject to a separate discharge. Simplification : for the purpose of simplification, administrative burdens should be reduced for all parties. Double audits and disproportionate documentation and reporting should be avoided. Evaluation : by 30 June 2017 , the Commission should carry out, with the assistance of independent experts, an interim evaluation of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking, and send a report to the European Parliament and to the Council by 31 December 2017. The results of the interim evaluation of the Joint Undertaking shall be taken into account in the interim evaluation of Horizon 2020.
  • date: 2014-05-06T00:00:00 type: Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament body: EP/CSL
  • date: 2014-05-06T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2014-06-07T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: to prolong the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 JU) in order to strengthen industrial research and innovation across the Union. NON-LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Regulation (EU) n° 559/2014 establishing the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking. CONTENT: the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, Horizon 2020 , supports public-private partnerships in research and innovation in order that the Union might tackle certain key challenges. In order to increase activities in relation to hydrogen production, storage and distribution, this Regulation aims to establish a new Joint Undertaking (JU) for the implementation of the Joint Technology Initiative on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (FCH 2), for a period up to 31 December 2024 . FCH 2 JU replaces the previous FCH JU , set up under the Seventh Framework Programme. It is a body entrusted with the implementation of a public-private partnership. Its seat will be located in Brussels, Belgium. The Members of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking shall be the Union and upon acceptance of the Statutes: the New Energy World Industry Grouping AISBL and the New European Research Grouping on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen AISBL, two non profit organisations established under Belgian Law. In order to take into account the duration of Horizon 2020 , calls for proposals under the Joint Undertaking must be launched at the latest by 31 December 2020 (in duly justified cases, by 31 December 2021). Calls for proposals will be published on the single portal for participants as well as through other Horizon 2020 electronic means of dissemination managed by the Commission. The rules for participation and dissemination of the Horizon 2020 programme will apply to the JU. Objectives of the JU : the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking was set up for the period up to 31 December 2017. The FCH 2 Joint Undertaking should provide continued support to the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen research programme by implementing the remaining actions. The JU will contribute to the implementation of Horizon 2020 and in particular the Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy Challenge and the Smart, Green and Integrated Transport Challenge and aim to: · reduce the production cost of fuel cell systems to be used in transport applications, while increasing their lifetime to levels which can compete with conventional technologies; · increase the electrical efficiency and the durability of the different fuel cells used for power production to levels which can compete with conventional technologies, while reducing costs; · increase the energy efficiency of production of hydrogen mainly from water electrolysis and renewable sources while reducing operating and capital costs; · demonstrate on a large scale the feasibility of using hydrogen to support integration of renewable energy sources into the energy systems; · reduce the use of the EU defined ‘ Critical raw materials’ , for instance through low-platinum or platinum-free resources and through recycling or reducing or avoiding the use of rare earth elements. Funding: the Union financial contribution to the JU shall come from Horizon 2020 and amount up to EUR 665 million . The members of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking other than the Union shall make a total contribution of at least EUR 380 million of which in kind contributions will be at least EUR 285 million. The Commission may terminate , proportionally reduce or suspend the Union’s financial contribution to the JU or trigger the winding-up procedure if members other than the Union, including their constituent entities and affiliated entities, do not provide contributions. The Regulation contains provisions that aim to ensure the protection of the financial interests of the Members. The discharge for the implementation of the budget of the JU shall be given by the European Parliament, upon recommendation of the Council in accordance with the procedure provided for in the financial rules of the FCH 2 JU. Evaluation: by 30 June 2017 the Commission shall carry out, with the assistance of independent experts, an interim evaluation of the JU. It shall send that report to the European Parliament and to the Council by 31 December 2017. The results of the interim evaluation shall be taken into account in the interim evaluation of Horizon 2020. FCH 2 JU’s mandate will end on 31 December 2024 and the JU will be wound up. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 27.06.2014. docs: title: Regulation 2014/559 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32014R0559 title: OJ L 169 07.06.2014, p. 0108 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2014:169:TOC
other
  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Former Council configuration
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/research/home.cfm title: Research and Innovation commissioner: GEOGHEGAN-QUINN Máire
procedure/Modified legal basis
Old
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 150
New
Rules of Procedure EP 150
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
ITRE/7/13344
New
  • ITRE/7/13344
procedure/final/url
Old
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32014R0559
New
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32014R0559
procedure/subject
Old
  • 3.50.01 European research area and policy
  • 3.50.08 New technologies, biotechnology
  • 3.60.05 Alternative and renewable energies
New
3.50.01
European research area and policy
3.50.08
New technologies; biotechnology
3.60.05
Alternative and renewable energies
procedure/subtype
Old
Consultation of Parliament
New
  • Consultation of Parliament
  • Repealing Regulation (EC) No 521/2008 2007/0211(CNS)
procedure/summary
  • Repealing Regulation (EC) No 521/2008
activities/0/docs/0/celexid
CELEX:52013PC0506:EN
activities/0/docs/0/celexid
CELEX:52013PC0506:EN
links/European Commission/title
Old
PreLex
New
EUR-Lex
procedure/summary
  • Repealing Regulation (EC) No 521/2008
procedure/title
Old
Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking
New
Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking (FCH 2 Joint Undertaking)
activities/1/committees/1/date
2013-10-08T00:00:00
activities/1/committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov
activities/1/committees/1/shadows
  • group: PPE name: BŘEZINA Jan
  • group: S&D name: CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando
  • group: Verts/ALE name: TURMES Claude
  • group: ECR name: TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MATIAS Marisa
activities/4/committees/1/date
2013-10-08T00:00:00
activities/4/committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov
activities/4/committees/1/shadows
  • group: PPE name: BŘEZINA Jan
  • group: S&D name: CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando
  • group: Verts/ALE name: TURMES Claude
  • group: ECR name: TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MATIAS Marisa
activities/5/committees/1/date
2013-10-08T00:00:00
activities/5/committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov
activities/5/committees/1/shadows
  • group: PPE name: BŘEZINA Jan
  • group: S&D name: CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando
  • group: Verts/ALE name: TURMES Claude
  • group: ECR name: TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MATIAS Marisa
activities/6/docs/0
url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=24143&l=en
type
Results of vote in Parliament
title
Results of vote in Parliament
activities/6/type
Old
Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
New
Results of vote in Parliament
activities/9/docs/1/url
Old
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32014R0559&from=EN
New
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2014:169:TOC
activities/9/text
  • PURPOSE: to prolong the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking (Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 JU) in order to strengthen industrial research and innovation across the Union.

    NON-LEGISLATIVE ACT: Council Regulation (EU) n° 559/2014 establishing the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking.

    CONTENT: the Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, Horizon 2020, supports public-private partnerships in research and innovation in order that the Union might tackle certain key challenges.

    In order to increase activities in relation to hydrogen production, storage and distribution, this Regulation aims to establish a new Joint Undertaking (JU) for the implementation of the Joint Technology Initiative on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (FCH 2), for a period up to 31 December 2024

    FCH 2 JU replaces the previous FCH JU, set up under the Seventh Framework Programme.

    It is a body entrusted with the implementation of a public-private partnership. Its seat will be located in Brussels, Belgium.

    The Members of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking shall be the Union and upon acceptance of the Statutes: the New Energy World Industry Grouping AISBL and the New European Research Grouping on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen AISBL, two non profit organisations established under Belgian Law.

    In order to take into account the duration of Horizon 2020, calls for proposals under the Joint Undertaking must be launched at the latest by 31 December 2020 (in duly justified cases, by 31 December 2021). Calls for proposals will be published on the single portal for participants as well as through other Horizon 2020 electronic means of dissemination managed by the Commission. 

    The rules for participation and dissemination of the Horizon 2020 programme will apply to the JU.

    Objectives of the JU: the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen Joint Undertaking was set up for the period up to 31 December 2017. The FCH 2 Joint Undertaking should provide continued support to the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen research programme by implementing the remaining actions.

    The JU will contribute to the implementation of Horizon 2020 and in particular the Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy Challenge and the Smart, Green and Integrated Transport Challenge and aim to:

    ·        reduce the production cost of fuel cell systems to be used in transport applications, while increasing their lifetime to levels which can compete with conventional technologies;

    ·        increase the electrical efficiency and the durability of the different fuel cells used for power production to levels which can compete with conventional technologies, while reducing costs;

    ·        increase the energy efficiency of production of hydrogen mainly from water electrolysis and renewable sources while reducing operating and capital costs;

    ·        demonstrate on a large scale the feasibility of using hydrogen to support integration of renewable energy sources into the energy systems;

    ·        reduce the use of the EU defined ‘Critical raw materials’, for instance through low-platinum or platinum-free resources and through recycling or reducing or avoiding the use of rare earth elements.

    Funding: the Union financial contribution to the JU shall come from Horizon 2020 and amount up to EUR 665 million. The members of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking other than the Union shall make a total contribution of at least EUR 380 million of which in kind contributions will be at least EUR 285 million.

    The Commission may terminate, proportionally reduce or suspend the Union’s financial contribution to the JU or trigger the winding-up procedure if members other than the Union, including their constituent entities and affiliated entities, do not provide contributions.

    The Regulation contains provisions that aim to ensure the protection of the financial interests of the Members.

    The discharge for the implementation of the budget of the JU shall be given by the European Parliament, upon recommendation of the Council in accordance with the procedure provided for in the financial rules of the FCH 2 JU.

    Evaluation: by 30 June 2017 the Commission shall carry out, with the assistance of independent experts, an interim evaluation of the JU. It shall send that report to the European Parliament and to the Council by 31 December 2017. The results of the interim evaluation shall be taken into account in the interim evaluation of Horizon 2020.

    FCH 2 JU’s mandate will end on 31 December 2024 and the JU will be wound up.

    ENTRY INTO FORCE: 27.06.2014.

committees/1/date
2013-10-08T00:00:00
committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov
committees/1/shadows
  • group: PPE name: BŘEZINA Jan
  • group: S&D name: CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando
  • group: Verts/ALE name: TURMES Claude
  • group: ECR name: TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MATIAS Marisa
activities/1/committees/1/date
2013-10-08T00:00:00
activities/1/committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov
activities/1/committees/1/shadows
  • group: EPP name: BŘEZINA Jan
  • group: S&D name: CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando
  • group: Verts/ALE name: TURMES Claude
  • group: ECR name: TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MATIAS Marisa
activities/4
date
2014-01-23T00:00:00
body
EP
type
Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
committees
activities/5/committees/1/date
2013-10-08T00:00:00
activities/5/committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov
activities/5/committees/1/shadows
  • group: EPP name: BŘEZINA Jan
  • group: S&D name: CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando
  • group: Verts/ALE name: TURMES Claude
  • group: ECR name: TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MATIAS Marisa
activities/7/committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Budgets committee: BUDG
  • body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: BŘEZINA Jan group: S&D name: CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando group: Verts/ALE name: TURMES Claude group: ECR name: TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen group: GUE/NGL name: MATIAS Marisa responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2013-10-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Legal Affairs committee: JURI
activities/7/date
Old
2014-01-23T00:00:00
New
2014-05-06T00:00:00
activities/7/type
Old
Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
New
End of procedure in Parliament
activities/8/body
Old
CSL
New
EP/CSL
activities/8/council
Competitiveness (Internal Market, Industry, Research and Space)
activities/8/date
Old
2014-05-26T00:00:00
New
2014-05-06T00:00:00
activities/8/docs
  • url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3317*&MEET_DATE=26/05/2014 type: Debate in Council title: 3317
activities/8/meeting_id
3317
activities/8/type
Old
Council Meeting
New
Act adopted by Council after consultation of Parliament
activities/9
date
2014-06-07T00:00:00
docs
type
Final act published in Official Journal
committees/1/date
2013-10-08T00:00:00
committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov
committees/1/shadows
  • group: EPP name: BŘEZINA Jan
  • group: S&D name: CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando
  • group: Verts/ALE name: TURMES Claude
  • group: ECR name: TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen
  • group: GUE/NGL name: MATIAS Marisa
procedure/Modified legal basis
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 150
procedure/final
url
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32014R0559
title
Regulation 2014/559
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Awaiting final decision
New
Procedure completed
activities/7
body
CSL
meeting_id
3317
docs
url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3317*&MEET_DATE=26/05/2014 type: Debate in Council title: 3317
council
Competitiveness (Internal Market, Industry, Research and Space)
date
2014-05-26T00:00:00
type
Council Meeting
activities/6/docs/0/text
  • The European Parliament adopted by 588 votes to 26, with 62 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a Council regulation on the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking.

    Parliament approved the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments:

    Joint Undertaking: for the implementation of the Joint Technology Initiative on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen, the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking should be established until 31 December 2024. In order to take into account the duration of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, calls for proposals under FCH 2 Joint Undertaking should be launched at the latest by 31 December 2020. In duly justified cases calls for proposals may be launched until 31 December 2021.

    It should, in particular:

    • increase the energy efficiency of production of hydrogen mainly from water electrolysis and renewable sources while reducing operating and capital costs, so that the combined system of the hydrogen production and the conversion using the fuel cell system is competitive with the alternatives available in the marketplace;
    • reduce the use of the EU defined ‘Critical raw materials’, for instance via low or platinum free resources and through recycling or reducing or avoiding the use of rare earth elements.

    The Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking should take into account the OECD definitions regarding Technological Readiness Level (TRL) in the classification of technological research, product development and demonstration activities

    The Joint Undertaking should seek to develop close interactions with the European Structural and Investment Funds (ESIF).

    Financial contribution: the maximum Union contribution, including EFTA appropriations, to the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking to cover administrative costs and operational costs should be EUR 665 million.

    The Members of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking other than the Union shall make or arrange for their constituent entities or their affiliated entities to make a total contribution of at least EUR 380 million. In-kind contributions should make up at least EUR 285 million of that amount.

    Openness and transparency: in order to facilitate participation, the calls for proposals launched by the Joint Undertaking should also be published on the single portal for participants as well as through other Horizon 2020 electronic means of dissemination managed by the Commission.

    Participation: any eligible institution may become a participant or a coordinator in selected projects. According to specific policy requirements or to the nature and objective of the action set out in the work plan, it can be required that the participants are constituent entities of a Member other than the Union.

    Discharge: in view of the specific nature and the current status of the Joint Undertakings, and in order to ensure continuity with the 7th Framework Programme, the Joint Undertakings should continue to be subject to a separate discharge.

    Simplification: for the purpose of simplification, administrative burdens should be reduced for all parties. Double audits and disproportionate documentation and reporting should be avoided.

    Evaluation: by 30 June 2017, the Commission should carry out, with the assistance of independent experts, an interim evaluation of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking, and send a report to the European Parliament and to the Council by 31 December 2017. The results of the interim evaluation of the Joint Undertaking shall be taken into account in the interim evaluation of Horizon 2020.

activities/6/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2014-0375
activities/6/docs
  • type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T7-0375/2014
activities/6/type
Old
Vote in plenary scheduled
New
Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Awaiting Parliament 1st reading / single reading / budget 1st stage
New
Awaiting final decision
activities/2/docs
  • url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3258*&MEET_DATE=26/09/2013 type: Debate in Council title: 3258
activities/2/docs
  • url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&ff_FT_TEXT=3258&dd_DATE_REUNION=26/09/2013&single_date=26/09/2013 type: Debate in Council title: 3258
activities/5/docs/0/text
  • The Committee on Industry, Research and Energy adopted, in the framework of a special legislative procedure (consultation of Parliament), the report by Vladko Todorov PANAYOTOV (ADLE, BG) on the proposal for a Council regulation on the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking.

    The committee approved the Commission proposal subject to the following amendments:

    FCH 2 Joint Undertaking: in order to take account of the duration of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020), all calls for proposals should be launched by 31 December 2020.

    Objectives: the Joint Undertaking should have the following objectives:

    ·        contribute to the implementation of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, and in particular at least three of the specific objectives under part III "Societal Challenges”;

    ·        contribute to the objectives of the Joint Technology Initiative on Fuel Cells and Hydrogen, through dissemination and capacity building across the Member States;

    ·        increase the energy efficiency of production of hydrogen from water electrolysis and from renewable energy sources while reducing capital and operational costs.

    ·        strengthen the connection between demonstration projects and results and translation of those research results into pilot applications and attractive market solutions;

    ·        contribute to developing denser infrastructure and to increasing public awareness and acceptance by transferring the knowhow and expertise of the stronger performing Member States to the weaker performing Member States by way of demonstrations and pilot projects and by West–East centres,

    ·        support development of advanced technologies for recovery of metals, critical for the development and deployment of FCH technologies from Union sources, including technological by-products and waste, and

    ·        reduce the use of the "critical raw materials", as defined by the Commission, by identifying relevant substitutes where technically feasible and economically justifiable.

    Scope of activities: Members inserted a new article to clarify the scope of activities of the Joint Undertaking, in particular with respect to the relevant Technology Readiness Levels covered by its research programme. The Rules on Participation also call for a greater consideration of the Technology Readiness Levels concept in relation to funding levels, which is taken up in this article with a view to the funding rates used in indirect actions.

    Financial contribution: the maximum Union contribution, including contributions from countries of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), to the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking to cover administrative costs and operational costs should be EUR 665 million (rather than EUR 700 million in the Commission proposal). The contribution should be paid from the appropriations in the general budget of the Union allocated to the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme and in particular from appropriations allocated to the specific objectives "Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy” and "Smart, green and integrated transport".

    Additional activities carried out by private members: while the additional activities to be carried out by private members are a welcome addition to the leverage effect of the JTI, they should not be subject to auditing. Additional activities should be planned and carried-out accordingly, determined clearly as in-kind contributions, and reported on annually.

    Evaluation: by 30 June 2017 the Commission shall organise an independent interim evaluation of the Joint Undertaking. The results of the independent interim evaluation should be taken into account in the interim evaluation of Horizon 2020.

    In order to respond to unforeseen situations or to new developments and needs the Commission may, following the interim evaluation of Horizon 2020 review the budget of the Joint Undertaking within the annual budgetary procedure.

    Rules for participation and dissemination: work plans may provide for justified additional conditions according to specific policy requirements or to the nature and objective of the action, inter alia, that coordinators shall be constituent entities of a Member of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking other than the Union. This should under no condition and throughout the programme raise undue conditions or restrain that willing entities can become a constituent entity of a Member. The principles of openness and transparency shall apply throughout the duration of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking.

    In accordance with the principles of transparency and non-discrimination, calls for proposals organised by the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking shall be published on the web-based Horizon 2020 Participant Portal.

    Duty to divulge information: the report contains a new provision stating that Members of the staff of the Joint Undertaking, the Executive Director, and members of the Governing Board shall, without delay, report such fraud as might have come to their knowledge in the performance of their duties or office in OLAF provided that this disclosure does not render them liable to prosecution.

activities/0/docs/0/url
Old
http://old.eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2013&nu_doc=506
New
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2013&nu_doc=506
activities/5/docs
  • url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2014-0094&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading title: A7-0094/2014
activities/6/type
Old
Indicative plenary sitting date, 1st reading/single reading
New
Vote in plenary scheduled
activities/0/docs/0/url
Old
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2013&nu_doc=506
New
http://old.eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2013&nu_doc=506
activities/2/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/ http://register.consilium.europa.eu/servlet/driver?page=Result&typ=Simple&cmsid=638&ff_COTE_DOCUMENT=&ff_TITRE=&ff_SOUS_COTE_MATIERE=&fc=REGAISEN&srm=25&md=400&ssf=DATE_DOCUMENT+DESC&single_comparator=%3D&from_date=&to_date=&lang=EN&ff_FT_TEXT=3258&dd_DATE_REUNION=26/09/2013&single_date=26/09/2013
New
http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&ff_FT_TEXT=3258&dd_DATE_REUNION=26/09/2013&single_date=26/09/2013
procedure/Modified legal basis
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 138
activities/5
date
2014-02-06T00:00:00
body
EP
type
Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading
committees
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Awaiting committee decision
New
Awaiting Parliament 1st reading / single reading / budget 1st stage
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/4
group
GUE/NGL
name
MATIAS Marisa
activities/4/committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Budgets committee: BUDG
  • body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: BŘEZINA Jan group: S&D name: CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando group: Verts/ALE name: TURMES Claude group: ECR name: TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen group: GUE/NGL name: MATIAS Marisa responsible: True committee: ITRE date: 2013-10-08T00:00:00 committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy rapporteur: group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Legal Affairs committee: JURI
activities/4/type
Old
Vote scheduled in committee, 1st reading/single reading
New
Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
committees/1/shadows/4
group
GUE/NGL
name
MATIAS Marisa
procedure/Modified legal basis
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 138
activities/0
date
2013-07-10T00:00:00
docs
type
Legislative proposal
body
EC
commission
DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/research/home.cfm title: Research and Innovation Commissioner: GEOGHEGAN-QUINN Máire
activities/0/body
Old
EP
New
EC
activities/0/commission
  • DG: url: http://ec.europa.eu/research/home.cfm title: Research and Innovation Commissioner: GEOGHEGAN-QUINN Máire
activities/0/date
Old
2013-12-06T00:00:00
New
2013-07-10T00:00:00
activities/0/docs/0/celexid
CELEX:52013PC0506:EN
activities/0/docs/0/text
  • PURPOSE: to prolong the Joint Undertaking (JU) in the field of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (the FCH 2 JU).

    PROPOSED ACT: Council Regulation.

    ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion.

    BACKGROUND: the framework programme for research and innovation Horizon 2020 encourages public-private partnerships (PPP) in research and innovation with a view to tackling the major challenges facing Europe.

    This proposal provides for a prolongation of the Joint Undertaking in the field of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen launched under the Seventh Framework Programme (2007-2013). Since its establishment, the FCH 2 JU has demonstrated the potential of hydrogen as an energy carrier, and of fuel cells as energy converters, to offer a pathway for clean systems that reduce emissions, enhance energy security, and stimulate the economy. The interim evaluation of the FCH JU has shown that the JU has served as a platform for creating of a solid partnership, for leveraging public and private funding and for the strong involvement of industry, in particular SMEs.

    Although the FCH sector has reached an advanced stage of innovation it is still a premature and vulnerable one. The existence of a joint undertaking in the field of fuel cells and hydrogen is needed in order to:

    • address two key challenges for the EU - to ensure the energy security of supply and to boost/maintain competitiveness;
    • tackle a series of obstacles to effective research and innovation in this area; industry on its own cannot invest in view of these obstacles, and hence public support is needed;
    • counteract the fragmentation of the Member States programmes and achieve the coordinated, long-term, large-scale, transnational, cross-sectoral effort required;
    • help industry to set a long-term research and innovation agenda, create the necessary critical mass, leverage private investment, provide stable funding, facilitate knowledge sharing, reduce risk, lower costs and reduce time to market.

    IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the proposal is accompanied by a summary of the impact assessment.

    LEGAL BASIS: Articles 187 and Article 188 (first paragraph) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

    CONTENT: the proposal seeks to create a joint undertaking in the field of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 (the FCH 2 JU) for a period running from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2024. The FCH 2 JU replaces and succeeds the previous FCH JU launched under the seventh framework programme.

    The general objective of the proposed continuation of the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (FCH) JU in Horizon 2020 is to contribute to implementing an optimal research and innovation programme at EU level and to develop a strong, sustainable and globally competitive fuel cells and hydrogen sector in the Union, in particular to:

    • reduce the production cost of fuel cell systems to be used in transport applications, while increasing their lifetime to levels competitive with conventional technologies;
    • increase the electrical efficiency and the durability of the different fuel cells used for power production, while reducing costs, to levels competitive with conventional technologies;
    • increase the energy efficiency of production of hydrogen from water electrolysis while reducing capital costs, so that the combination of the hydrogen and the fuel cell system is competitive with the alternatives available in the marketplace;
    • demonstrate on a large scale the feasibility of using hydrogen as a competitive energy storage medium for electricity produced from renewable energy sources.

    BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: the EU budget, totalling up to EUR 700 million at current prices (including EFTA), will come from the ‘Secure, clean and efficient energy’ and the ‘Smart, green and integrated transport’ Horizon 2020 societal challenges budget.

    The administrative costs of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking shall not exceed EUR 40 million and shall be covered in cash, on an annual basis, divided equally between the Union and the Members other than the Union. The Union shall contribute with 50%, the Industry Grouping with 43% and the Research Grouping with 7%.

activities/0/docs/0/title
Old
PE524.727
New
COM(2013)0506
activities/0/docs/0/type
Old
Amendments tabled in committee
New
Legislative proposal published
activities/0/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE524.727
New
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2013&nu_doc=506
activities/0/type
Old
Amendments tabled in committee
New
Legislative proposal published
activities/3
date
2013-11-14T00:00:00
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE522.764 type: Committee draft report title: PE522.764
body
EP
type
Committee draft report
activities/7/date
Old
2014-02-24T00:00:00
New
2014-04-15T00:00:00
activities/5/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE524.727
activities/6
date
2014-01-23T00:00:00
body
EP
type
Vote scheduled in committee, 1st reading/single reading
activities/0/docs/0/celexid
CELEX:52013PC0506:EN
activities/0/docs/0/celexid
CELEX:52013PC0506:EN
activities/5
date
2013-12-06T00:00:00
docs
type: Amendments tabled in committee title: PE524.727
body
EP
type
Amendments tabled in committee
activities/4
date
2013-12-03T00:00:00
body
CSL
type
Council Meeting
council
Competitiveness (Internal Market, Industry, Research and Space)
meeting_id
3276
other/0
body
CSL
type
Council Meeting
council
Former Council configuration
activities/3/docs/0/url
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE522.764
activities/3
date
2013-11-14T00:00:00
docs
type: Committee draft report title: PE522.764
body
EP
type
Committee draft report
activities/3
date
2014-02-24T00:00:00
body
EP
type
Indicative plenary sitting date, 1st reading/single reading
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/3
group
ECR
name
TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen
committees/1/shadows/3
group
ECR
name
TOŠENOVSKÝ Evžen
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/2
group
Verts/ALE
name
TURMES Claude
committees/1/shadows/2
group
Verts/ALE
name
TURMES Claude
activities/1/committees/1/shadows/0
group
EPP
name
BŘEZINA Jan
committees/1/shadows/0
group
EPP
name
BŘEZINA Jan
activities/1/committees/1/date
2013-10-08T00:00:00
activities/1/committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov
activities/1/committees/1/shadows
  • group: S&D name: CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando
committees/1/date
2013-10-08T00:00:00
committees/1/rapporteur
  • group: ALDE name: PANAYOTOV Vladko Todorov
committees/1/shadows
  • group: S&D name: CORREIA DE CAMPOS António Fernando
activities/2
body
CSL
meeting_id
3258
docs
url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/ http://register.consilium.europa.eu/servlet/driver?page=Result&typ=Simple&cmsid=638&ff_COTE_DOCUMENT=&ff_TITRE=&ff_SOUS_COTE_MATIERE=&fc=REGAISEN&srm=25&md=400&ssf=DATE_DOCUMENT+DESC&single_comparator=%3D&from_date=&to_date=&lang=EN&ff_FT_TEXT=3258&dd_DATE_REUNION=26/09/2013&single_date=26/09/2013 type: Debate in Council title: 3258
council
Competitiveness (Internal Market, Industry, Research and Space)
date
2013-09-26T00:00:00
type
Council Meeting
activities/0/commission/0
DG
Commissioner
GEOGHEGAN-QUINN Máire
activities/1
date
2013-09-10T00:00:00
body
EP
type
Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
committees
other/0
body
EC
dg
commissioner
GEOGHEGAN-QUINN Máire
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
ITRE/7/13344
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Preparatory phase in Parliament
New
Awaiting committee decision
activities/0/docs/0/text
  • PURPOSE: to prolong the Joint Undertaking (JU) in the field of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (the FCH 2 JU).

    PROPOSED ACT: Council Regulation.

    ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the Council adopts the act after consulting the European Parliament but without being obliged to follow its opinion.

    BACKGROUND: the framework programme for research and innovation Horizon 2020 encourages public-private partnerships (PPP) in research and innovation with a view to tackling the major challenges facing Europe.

    This proposal provides for a prolongation of the Joint Undertaking in the field of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen launched under the Seventh Framework Programme (2007-2013). Since its establishment, the FCH 2 JU has demonstrated the potential of hydrogen as an energy carrier, and of fuel cells as energy converters, to offer a pathway for clean systems that reduce emissions, enhance energy security, and stimulate the economy. The interim evaluation of the FCH JU has shown that the JU has served as a platform for creating of a solid partnership, for leveraging public and private funding and for the strong involvement of industry, in particular SMEs.

    Although the FCH sector has reached an advanced stage of innovation it is still a premature and vulnerable one. The existence of a joint undertaking in the field of fuel cells and hydrogen is needed in order to:

    • address two key challenges for the EU - to ensure the energy security of supply and to boost/maintain competitiveness;
    • tackle a series of obstacles to effective research and innovation in this area; industry on its own cannot invest in view of these obstacles, and hence public support is needed;
    • counteract the fragmentation of the Member States programmes and achieve the coordinated, long-term, large-scale, transnational, cross-sectoral effort required;
    • help industry to set a long-term research and innovation agenda, create the necessary critical mass, leverage private investment, provide stable funding, facilitate knowledge sharing, reduce risk, lower costs and reduce time to market.

    IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the proposal is accompanied by a summary of the impact assessment.

    LEGAL BASIS: Articles 187 and Article 188 (first paragraph) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

    CONTENT: the proposal seeks to create a joint undertaking in the field of Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 (the FCH 2 JU) for a period running from 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2024. The FCH 2 JU replaces and succeeds the previous FCH JU launched under the seventh framework programme.

    The general objective of the proposed continuation of the Fuel Cells and Hydrogen (FCH) JU in Horizon 2020 is to contribute to implementing an optimal research and innovation programme at EU level and to develop a strong, sustainable and globally competitive fuel cells and hydrogen sector in the Union, in particular to:

    • reduce the production cost of fuel cell systems to be used in transport applications, while increasing their lifetime to levels competitive with conventional technologies;
    • increase the electrical efficiency and the durability of the different fuel cells used for power production, while reducing costs, to levels competitive with conventional technologies;
    • increase the energy efficiency of production of hydrogen from water electrolysis while reducing capital costs, so that the combination of the hydrogen and the fuel cell system is competitive with the alternatives available in the marketplace;
    • demonstrate on a large scale the feasibility of using hydrogen as a competitive energy storage medium for electricity produced from renewable energy sources.

    BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: the EU budget, totalling up to EUR 700 million at current prices (including EFTA), will come from the ‘Secure, clean and efficient energy’ and the ‘Smart, green and integrated transport’ Horizon 2020 societal challenges budget.

    The administrative costs of the FCH 2 Joint Undertaking shall not exceed EUR 40 million and shall be covered in cash, on an annual basis, divided equally between the Union and the Members other than the Union. The Union shall contribute with 50%, the Industry Grouping with 43% and the Research Grouping with 7%.

activities
  • date: 2013-07-10T00:00:00 docs: url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2013&nu_doc=506 title: COM(2013)0506 type: Legislative proposal published celexid: CELEX:52013PC0506:EN url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2013:0260:FIN:EN:PDF type: Document attached to the procedure title: SWD(2013)0260 url: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2013:0261:FIN:EN:PDF type: Document attached to the procedure title: SWD(2013)0261 body: EC commission: type: Legislative proposal
committees
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Budgets committee: BUDG
  • body: EP responsible: True committee_full: Industry, Research and Energy committee: ITRE
  • body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Legal Affairs committee: JURI
links
National parliaments
European Commission
other
    procedure
    reference
    2013/0245(NLE)
    title
    Fuel Cells and Hydrogen 2 Joint Undertaking
    legal_basis
    stage_reached
    Preparatory phase in Parliament
    subtype
    Consultation of Parliament
    type
    NLE - Non-legislative enactments
    subject