BETA


2013/2099(INI) Plant breeding: what options to increase quality and yields

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AGRI PAULSEN Marit (icon: ALDE ALDE) LE BRUN Agnès (icon: PPE PPE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 052

Events

2014/07/22
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2014/02/25
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2014/02/25
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 442 votes to 143 with 41 abstentions, a resolution on plant breeding: what options to increase quality and yields? It aimed to launch a thorough debate and inquiry concerning the whole situation with regard to plant-breeding in European and global agriculture.

It noted that population growth would place extreme demands on agriculture, and the FAO estimated that the food supply would need to increase by 70 % over the next 30-40 years. The main problem remained of how populations in different parts of the world would be able to feed themselves, as the cultivable land area declined due to inappropriate land use, including poor agricultural practices, and to climate change. Members noted that opportunities to increase the area under cultivation were extremely limited, given that in many parts of the world it is thought to be quite unrealistic to bring new agricultural land into use. The FAO estimated that it would be possible to achieve approximately 10 % of an increase in agricultural production by cultivating new farmland, which meant that around 90 % would have to be achieved by increasing the yields from existing farmland.

Parliament stressed that, in order to respond to forthcoming challenges, it was exceptionally important to have an effective and competitive plant-breeding sector.

Members advocated:

the importance of developing varieties that can cope with the conditions we expect to encounter in the future; the need for crops that absorb nitrogen and phosphorus effectively and which are more tolerant of drought and heavier precipitation, more resistant to pests and can withstand changes in temperature; the development of perennial crops; the use of new plant-breeding techniques (concern is expressed at the Commission’s delay in assessing new breeding techniques and the Commission is called upon, as a matter of urgency, to clarify their regulatory status); the importance of guaranteeing access to genetic resources as the basis for plant breeding; that the European plant-breeding market must be further improved in the interest of healthy competition; the role of publicly funded independent scientific research carried out in the long term public interest as regards long term food security; that fundamental plant-breeding research in the EU should be funded by the EU and its Member States.

The Commission was urged to:

use the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation to fund applied research that supports the development of new, innovative planting-breeding techniques such as accelerated breeding; allocate financial resources and create a coherent structure for plant-breeding research and practice within research programmes and other suitable policy instruments, so that European diversity can be preserved and developed; elaborate an overall strategy on agricultural inputs, especially in relation to plant breeding; provide a policy framework that supports the agricultural input sector as one of the key areas for the development of agricultural productivity and sustainability

Parliament noted the estimates put forward by the FAO that the diversity of cultivated crops declined by 75 % during the 20th century and that a third of today’s diversity could disappear by 2050. It stresses the vital need to preserve the vast majority of local and regional varieties in situ and on-farm, in order to increase genetic and cultural diversity both within strains and breeds and in terms of their absolute number.

The resolution also noted the length of the protection of variety rights in respect of those plants that require an extended development period prior to the commercialisation stage was not sufficient to encourage commercial investment in their research and development. While Parliament understood it was both costly and time-consuming to develop new improved varieties, it stressed that this was needed in order to maintain Europe’s competitiveness in this area. It suggested that such costs could be compensated for by extending the length of plant variety protection rights after a proper impact assessment.

Documents
2014/02/25
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2014/01/24
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development adopted the own-initiative report by Marit PAULSEN (ALDE, SE) on plant breeding: what options to increase quality and yields?

The committee aims, by means of this report, to launch a thorough debate and inquiry concerning the whole situation with regard to plant-breeding in European and global agriculture.

The plant breeding industry is of fundamental importance as regards the productivity, diversity, health and quality of agriculture, horticulture, food and feed production and the environment. Estimated population growth will place extreme demands on agriculture. Cultivable land areas are declining due to inappropriate land use, including poor agricultural practices, a problem which has been exacerbated by climate change.

The report stressed that, in order to respond to forthcoming challenges, such as future food supply needs and climate change, it is exceptionally important to have an effective and competitive plant-breeding sector.

Members advocated:

the importance of developing varieties that can cope with the conditions we expect to encounter in the future; the need for crops that absorb nitrogen and phosphorus effectively and which are more tolerant of drought and heavier precipitation, more resistant to pests and can withstand changes in temperature; the development of perennial crops ; the use of new plant-breeding techniques (concern is expressed at the Commission’s delay in assessing new breeding techniques and the Commission is called upon, as a matter of urgency, to clarify their regulatory status); the importance of guaranteeing access to genetic resources as the basis for plant breeding; that the European plant-breeding market must be further improved in the interest of healthy competition; the role of publicly funded independent scientific research carried out in the long term public interest as regards long term food security; that fundamental plant-breeding research in the EU should be funded by the EU and its Member States.

The Commission is urged to:

use the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation to fund applied research that supports the development of new, innovative planting-breeding techniques such as accelerated breeding; allocate financial resources and create a coherent structure for plant-breeding research and practice within research programmes and other suitable policy instruments, so that European diversity can be preserved and developed; elaborate an overall strategy on agricultural inputs, especially in relation to plant breeding; provide a policy framework that supports the agricultural input sector as one of the key areas for the development of agricultural productivity and sustainability.

Documents
2014/01/21
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2013/12/04
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2013/11/07
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2013/06/10
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2013/01/31
   EP - PAULSEN Marit (ALDE) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI

Documents

Activities

Votes

A7-0044/2014 - Marit Paulsen - § 6

2014/02/25 Outcome: +: 524, -: 127, 0: 16
DE ES PL GB IT RO FR HU BG EL CZ NL PT LT HR SK IE BE FI SI MT LV LU AT EE CY ?? SE DK
Total
90
50
42
59
65
26
66
20
16
18
18
23
21
10
12
13
12
15
12
7
4
7
6
16
3
5
1
20
9
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A7-0044/2014 - Marit Paulsen - § 7/1

2014/02/25 Outcome: +: 650, 0: 13, -: 13
DE IT FR GB ES RO PL PT SE HU NL EL CZ BG AT BE SK FI IE HR LT DK SI LV LU CY MT EE ??
Total
90
66
68
60
51
27
42
21
20
20
25
18
18
16
18
16
13
12
11
11
10
9
7
8
6
5
4
3
1
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A7-0044/2014 - Marit Paulsen - § 7/2

2014/02/25 Outcome: +: 426, -: 214, 0: 34
ES GB IT PL HU RO BG CZ EL DE LT FI HR PT SI IE BE EE MT NL SK LV LU ?? SE CY AT DK FR
Total
49
61
66
42
21
26
16
18
18
91
10
12
12
21
6
12
14
2
4
25
13
7
6
1
20
5
18
9
68
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A7-0044/2014 - Marit Paulsen - § 7/3

2014/02/25 Outcome: +: 419, -: 234, 0: 21
ES GB IT HU PL BG RO PT DE HR FI IE CZ LT SI MT LV SK BE NL EE ?? SE AT LU CY DK FR EL
Total
50
59
65
20
41
16
27
20
91
12
12
12
18
10
7
4
8
13
16
25
3
1
20
18
6
5
9
68
17
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2

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A7-0044/2014 - Marit Paulsen - § 8

2014/02/25 Outcome: +: 431, -: 217, 0: 23
ES GB IT HU PL DE BG RO EL FI IE CZ SK HR SI PT MT BE LT LV EE NL FR DK CY ?? SE LU AT
Total
50
60
65
21
41
89
16
26
18
12
12
17
13
12
7
20
4
15
10
8
2
25
68
9
5
1
20
6
18
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A7-0044/2014 - Marit Paulsen - § 9/1

2014/02/25 Outcome: +: 664, 0: 7, -: 5
DE FR IT GB ES PL RO NL SE HU EL AT PT CZ BG BE SK IE FI LT HR DK LV SI CY LU MT EE ??
Total
90
68
66
60
50
42
27
25
20
21
18
18
20
17
16
15
13
12
12
10
12
9
8
7
5
6
4
3
1
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3

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1

Slovakia ALDE

For (1)

1

Denmark ALDE

2

Latvia ALDE

For (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

2

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
54

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Greece Verts/ALE

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Portugal Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

3

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
42

Netherlands ECR

For (1)

1

Hungary ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

1

Croatia ECR

For (1)

1

Denmark ECR

For (1)

1

Latvia ECR

For (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
31

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

1

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

Against (1)

4

Ireland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Croatia GUE/NGL

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Latvia GUE/NGL

For (1)

1
icon: NI NI
26

France NI

2

Italy NI

2

Spain NI

1
2

Hungary NI

For (1)

Abstain (1)

2

Bulgaria NI

1

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Ireland NI

For (1)

1
icon: EFD EFD
27

France EFD

1

Netherlands EFD

For (1)

1