BETA


2013/2147(INI) Saudi Arabia, its relations with the EU and its role in the Middle East and North Africa

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AFET GOMES Ana (icon: S&D S&D) GIANNAKOU Marietta (icon: PPE PPE), NEYTS-UYTTEBROECK Annemie (icon: ALDE ALDE), LOCHBIHLER Barbara (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), DE MARTINI Susy (icon: ECR ECR), MEYER Willy (icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL), BELDER Bas (icon: EFD EFD)
Committee Opinion INTA
Committee Opinion FEMM MATERA Barbara (icon: PPE PPE) Silvia COSTA (icon: S&D S&D), Norica NICOLAI (icon: ALDE ALDE)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 052

Events

2014/03/11
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 546 votes to 32, with 17 abstentions, a resolution on Saudi Arabia, its relations with the EU and its role in the Middle East and North Africa.

Parliament recalled that Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is an influential political, economic and religious actor in the Middle East and the Islamic world, the world´s leading oil producer, and a founder and leading member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and of the G-20 group. It is an important trading partner for the EU. However, the changing political and strategic context in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region necessitates a reassessment of EU-KSA relations.

Parliament stated that KSA needs to ensure the real freedom of religion, particularly regarding public practice and religious minorities, in line with an important role that KSA plays as custodian of the Two Holy Mosques of Islam in Mecca and Medina.

Recognising the interdependence between the EU and KSA in terms of regional stability, relations with the Islamic world, the fate of the transitions in the Arab Spring countries, the Israel-Palestine peace process, the war in Syria, as well as a number of other areas, Parliament underlined that the geopolitical environment makes KSA and other GCC member states a focus of security challenges that have regional and global implications. Parliament underlined the European interest in a peaceful and orderly evolution and political reform process in KSA, as a key factor for long-term peace, stability and development in the region.

Parliament called on the KSA to:

allow its National Human Rights Association to operate with independence and to comply with the UN standards on national human rights institutions (the Paris Principles); honour its commitments to several human rights instruments, including the Arab Charter on Human Rights, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention against Torture, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women; sign and ratify the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC); improve their Shari’a-based criminal justice system in order to meet the international standards governing procedures for arrest, detention and trials, as well as prisoners’ rights; release prisoners of conscience , to end judicial and extra-judicial harassment of human rights defenders and to speed up the implementation of the new legislation on NGOs, ensuring their registration, freedom to operate and ability to operate legally; reform the justice system in order to eliminate all forms of corporal punishment and the death penalty; ensure that all allegations of torture and other ill-treatment are thoroughly and impartially investigated, that all alleged perpetrators are prosecuted, and that any statement that may have been extracted under torture is not used as evidence in criminal proceedings; revoke the male guardianship system; outlaw public executions bearing in mind that KSA is one of the countries in the world that still practises public executions, amputations and flogging and that these practices constitute a gross violation of a number of international human rights instruments to which KSA is a party; eliminate all restrictions on women’s human rights , freedom of movement, health, education, marriage, employment opportunities, legal personality and representation in judicial processes, and all forms of discrimination against women in family law and in private and public life in order to promote their participation in the economic, social, cultural, civic and political spheres; stop exerting pressure on those who campaign for the right of women to drive; review and reform women’s education in order to increase their economic participation; stop the recent violent attacks against migrant workers and to release the thousands who have been arrested and are being kept in makeshift centres, reportedly often without adequate shelter or medical attention.

Moreover, the EU institutions are urged to increase their presence in the region and to strengthen working relations with KSA, by increasing resources to the Delegation in Riyadh and by planning regular visits to the Kingdom, namely by the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy;

Financing and supporting terrorism : Parliament is concerned that some of the KSA’s citizens and organisations provide financial and political support for some religious and political groups notably in North Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and in particular in South Asia (namely Pakistan and Afghanistan), Chechnya and Dagestan, which may result in reinforcing fundamentalist and obscurantist forces that undermine efforts to nurture democratic governance and oppose the participation of women in public life.

It called on the KSA authorities to work with the EU and internationally to stop Salafi movements supporting the anti-state activities of the military rebels in Mali, which are leading to the destabilisation of the entire region.

Syrian issue : Parliament stressed that KSA is a key member of the ‘Friends of Syria Group’ and called KSA to contribute to a peaceful, inclusive solution to the Syrian conflict notably through support for the Geneva II talks, without preconditions.

It also called for:

more active support and the provision of all possible humanitarian assistance to the Syrian people affected by the Syrian civil war; stop any financial, military and political support of extremist groups.

Although Parliament shared some of the concerns expressed by KSA on the Syria issue, it urged urges the government to actively and constructively engage with the international community. It welcomed in this context notably the agreement between the United States and Russia on ridding Syria of chemical weapons while avoiding a military confrontation.

Documents
2014/03/11
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2014/03/10
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2014/02/18
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Ana GOMES (S&D, PT) on Saudi Arabia, its relations with the EU and its role in the Middle East and North Africa.

The report recalled that Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is an influential political, economic and religious actor in the Middle East and the Islamic world, the world´s leading oil producer, and a founder and leading member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and of the G-20 group. It is an important trading partner for the EU. However, the changing political and strategic context in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region necessitates a reassessment of EU-KSA relations.

Members stressed the European interest in a peaceful and orderly evolution and political reform process in KSA, as a key factor for long-term peace, stability and development in the region. Against this background, the KSA is called upon to:

allow its National Human Rights Association to operate with independence and to comply with the UN standards on national human rights institutions (the Paris Principles); honour its commitments to several human rights instruments, including the Arab Charter on Human Rights, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention against Torture, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women; sign and ratify the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC); improve their Shari’a-based criminal justice system in order to meet the international standards governing procedures for arrest, detention and trials, as well as prisoners’ rights; release prisoners of conscience , to end judicial and extra-judicial harassment of human rights defenders and to speed up the implementation of the new legislation on NGOs, ensuring their registration, freedom to operate and ability to operate legally; reform the justice system in order to eliminate all forms of corporal punishment and the death penalty; ensure that all allegations of torture and other ill-treatment are thoroughly and impartially investigated, that all alleged perpetrators are prosecuted, and that any statement that may have been extracted under torture is not used as evidence in criminal proceedings; revoke the male guardianship system; eliminate all restrictions on women’s human rights , freedom of movement, health, education, marriage, employment opportunities, legal personality and representation in judicial processes, and all forms of discrimination against women in family law and in private and public life in order to promote their participation in the economic, social, cultural, civic and political spheres; stop exerting pressure on those who campaign for the right of women to drive; review and reform women’s education in order to increase their economic participation; stop the recent violent attacks against migrant workers and to release the thousands who have been arrested and are being kept in makeshift centres, reportedly often without adequate shelter or medical attention.

Lastly, the EU institutions are urged to increase their presence in the region and to strengthen working relations with KSA, by increasing resources to the Delegation in Riyadh and by planning regular visits to the Kingdom, namely by the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy;

Documents
2014/02/06
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2014/01/08
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2013/11/29
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2013/11/20
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2013/09/12
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2013/08/26
   EP - MATERA Barbara (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in FEMM
2013/01/16
   EP - GOMES Ana (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AFET

Documents

Votes

A7-0125/2014 - Ana Gomes - § 1

2014/03/11 Outcome: +: 573, -: 45, 0: 14
DE IT FR GB ES PL RO HU AT SE BE BG FI SK PT DK HR IE NL EL LT SI CZ LU EE LV MT CY
Total
84
58
59
60
46
39
26
19
18
19
17
15
12
12
18
12
12
11
22
15
6
6
18
5
5
7
5
5
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227

Denmark PPE

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1

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1

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1
2
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160

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2

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2

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1

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2

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1

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1
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68

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A7-0125/2014 - Ana Gomes - § 42

2014/03/11 Outcome: +: 620, 0: 19, -: 5
DE FR GB IT ES PL NL RO AT SE BE HU PT BG CZ EL DK SK HR IE FI LV SI LT LU EE MT CY
Total
84
61
61
59
47
42
24
26
19
19
18
19
18
15
18
15
12
12
12
11
10
8
7
6
5
5
5
5
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229

Czechia PPE

1

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166

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A7-0125/2014 - Ana Gomes - § 43

2014/03/11 Outcome: +: 615, 0: 20, -: 2
DE FR IT GB ES PL RO NL AT PT SE CZ BE HU EL BG SK DK HR FI IE LV SI LT LU EE MT CY
Total
82
57
59
59
46
41
26
24
19
20
19
19
17
19
16
15
13
12
12
11
10
8
7
6
5
5
4
5
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226

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1

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1

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1

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2
icon: S&D S&D
164

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2

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2

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2

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26

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A7-0125/2014 - Ana Gomes - § 44

2014/03/11 Outcome: +: 616, 0: 10, -: 1
DE FR IT GB ES PL NL RO PT CZ SE BE AT HU EL BG FI DK SK HR IE LV LT SI LU EE MT CY
Total
83
61
57
59
43
41
24
25
20
19
18
16
18
18
15
14
12
11
11
11
11
8
6
6
5
5
5
4
icon: PPE PPE
221

Czechia PPE

1

Lithuania PPE

1

Slovenia PPE

3

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2

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1

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1
2
icon: S&D S&D
158

Netherlands S&D

2

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1

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1
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icon: ECR ECR
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31

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1

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4

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1

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A7-0125/2014 - Ana Gomes - Résolution

2014/03/11 Outcome: +: 546, -: 32, 0: 17
DE IT GB FR PL ES RO BE SE HU AT SK CZ NL FI HR PT BG DK EL IE LT SI LV EE MT LU CY
Total
74
57
53
57
40
40
25
17
18
18
17
13
15
24
12
12
18
13
11
15
9
6
6
8
5
5
3
3
icon: PPE PPE
210

Belgium PPE

3

Czechia PPE

1

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1

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3

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1

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1

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1

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154

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2

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1
AmendmentsDossier
201 2013/2147(INI)
2013/10/11 FEMM 33 amendments...
source: PE-521.469
2014/01/08 AFET 168 amendments...
source: PE-526.235

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
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False
committee_full
Foreign Affairs
committee
AFET
rapporteur
name: GOMES Ana date: 2013-01-16T00:00:00 group: Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats abbr: S&D
shadows
committees/0
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committee_full
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committee
AFET
date
2013-01-16T00:00:00
rapporteur
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shadows
committees/2
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Women's Rights and Gender Equality
committee
FEMM
rapporteur
name: MATERA Barbara date: 2013-08-26T00:00:00 group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
committees/2
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Women's Rights and Gender Equality
committee
FEMM
date
2013-08-26T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: MATERA Barbara group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
events/2/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2014-0125&language=EN
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/A-7-2014-0125_EN.html
events/4/docs/0/url
Old
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2014-0207
New
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/document/TA-7-2014-0207_EN.html
activities
  • date: 2013-09-12T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP shadows: group: PPE name: GIANNAKOU Marietta group: ALDE name: NEYTS-UYTTEBROECK Annemie group: Verts/ALE name: LOCHBIHLER Barbara group: ECR name: DE MARTINI Susy group: GUE/NGL name: MEYER Willy group: EFD name: BELDER Bas responsible: True committee: AFET date: 2013-01-16T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: S&D name: GOMES Ana body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2013-08-26T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: PPE name: MATERA Barbara body: EP responsible: False committee_full: International Trade committee: INTA
  • date: 2014-02-06T00:00:00 body: EP type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP shadows: group: PPE name: GIANNAKOU Marietta group: ALDE name: NEYTS-UYTTEBROECK Annemie group: Verts/ALE name: LOCHBIHLER Barbara group: ECR name: DE MARTINI Susy group: GUE/NGL name: MEYER Willy group: EFD name: BELDER Bas responsible: True committee: AFET date: 2013-01-16T00:00:00 committee_full: Foreign Affairs rapporteur: group: S&D name: GOMES Ana body: EP responsible: False committee: FEMM date: 2013-08-26T00:00:00 committee_full: Women's Rights and Gender Equality rapporteur: group: PPE name: MATERA Barbara body: EP responsible: False committee_full: International Trade committee: INTA
  • date: 2014-02-18T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2014-0125&language=EN type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading title: A7-0125/2014 body: EP type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
  • date: 2014-03-10T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20140310&type=CRE type: Debate in Parliament title: Debate in Parliament body: EP type: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2014-03-11T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2014-0207 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading title: T7-0207/2014 body: EP type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
committees/0
type
Responsible Committee
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Foreign Affairs
committee
AFET
date
2013-01-16T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: GOMES Ana group: Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats abbr: S&D
shadows
committees/0
body
EP
shadows
responsible
True
committee
AFET
date
2013-01-16T00:00:00
committee_full
Foreign Affairs
rapporteur
group: S&D name: GOMES Ana
committees/1
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
International Trade
committee
INTA
opinion
False
committees/1
body
EP
responsible
False
committee
FEMM
date
2013-08-26T00:00:00
committee_full
Women's Rights and Gender Equality
rapporteur
group: PPE name: MATERA Barbara
committees/2
type
Committee Opinion
body
EP
associated
False
committee_full
Women's Rights and Gender Equality
committee
FEMM
date
2013-08-26T00:00:00
rapporteur
name: MATERA Barbara group: European People's Party (Christian Democrats) abbr: PPE
committees/2
body
EP
responsible
False
committee_full
International Trade
committee
INTA
docs
  • date: 2013-11-20T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE524.523 title: PE524.523 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2013-11-29T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE519.533&secondRef=02 title: PE519.533 committee: FEMM type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2014-01-08T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE526.235 title: PE526.235 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
events
  • date: 2013-09-12T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2014-02-06T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2014-02-18T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A7-2014-0125&language=EN title: A7-0125/2014 summary: The Committee on Foreign Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Ana GOMES (S&D, PT) on Saudi Arabia, its relations with the EU and its role in the Middle East and North Africa. The report recalled that Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is an influential political, economic and religious actor in the Middle East and the Islamic world, the world´s leading oil producer, and a founder and leading member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and of the G-20 group. It is an important trading partner for the EU. However, the changing political and strategic context in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region necessitates a reassessment of EU-KSA relations. Members stressed the European interest in a peaceful and orderly evolution and political reform process in KSA, as a key factor for long-term peace, stability and development in the region. Against this background, the KSA is called upon to: allow its National Human Rights Association to operate with independence and to comply with the UN standards on national human rights institutions (the Paris Principles); honour its commitments to several human rights instruments, including the Arab Charter on Human Rights, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention against Torture, and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women; sign and ratify the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC); improve their Shari’a-based criminal justice system in order to meet the international standards governing procedures for arrest, detention and trials, as well as prisoners’ rights; release prisoners of conscience , to end judicial and extra-judicial harassment of human rights defenders and to speed up the implementation of the new legislation on NGOs, ensuring their registration, freedom to operate and ability to operate legally; reform the justice system in order to eliminate all forms of corporal punishment and the death penalty; ensure that all allegations of torture and other ill-treatment are thoroughly and impartially investigated, that all alleged perpetrators are prosecuted, and that any statement that may have been extracted under torture is not used as evidence in criminal proceedings; revoke the male guardianship system; eliminate all restrictions on women’s human rights , freedom of movement, health, education, marriage, employment opportunities, legal personality and representation in judicial processes, and all forms of discrimination against women in family law and in private and public life in order to promote their participation in the economic, social, cultural, civic and political spheres; stop exerting pressure on those who campaign for the right of women to drive; review and reform women’s education in order to increase their economic participation; stop the recent violent attacks against migrant workers and to release the thousands who have been arrested and are being kept in makeshift centres, reportedly often without adequate shelter or medical attention. Lastly, the EU institutions are urged to increase their presence in the region and to strengthen working relations with KSA, by increasing resources to the Delegation in Riyadh and by planning regular visits to the Kingdom, namely by the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy;
  • date: 2014-03-10T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20140310&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2014-03-11T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P7-TA-2014-0207 title: T7-0207/2014 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 546 votes to 32, with 17 abstentions, a resolution on Saudi Arabia, its relations with the EU and its role in the Middle East and North Africa. Parliament recalled that Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is an influential political, economic and religious actor in the Middle East and the Islamic world, the world´s leading oil producer, and a founder and leading member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and of the G-20 group. It is an important trading partner for the E