BETA


2013/2188(INI) US NSA surveillance programme, surveillance bodies in various Member States and impact on EU citizens' fundamental rights and on transatlantic cooperation in Justice and Home Affairs

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead LIBE MORAES Claude (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion AFET
Committee Opinion INTA
Committee Opinion ITRE
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
RoP 052

Events

2014/08/11
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2014/03/12
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2014/03/12
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 544 votes to 78 with 60 abstentions, a resolution on the US NSA surveillance programme, surveillance bodies in various Member States and their impact on EU citizens’ fundamental rights and on transatlantic cooperation in Justice and Home Affairs.

Parliament noted that in comparison to actions taken both by EU institutions and by certain EU Member States, the European Parliament had taken very seriously its obligation to shed light on the revelations on the indiscriminate practices of mass surveillance of EU citizens and instructed its Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs to conduct an in-depth inquiry into the matter.

Main findings: Members considered that recent revelations in the press by whistleblowers and journalists, together with the expert evidence given during this inquiry, admissions by authorities, and the insufficient response to these allegations, have resulted in compelling evidence of the existence of far-reaching, complex and highly technologically advanced systems designed by US and some Member States' intelligence services to collect, store and analyse communication data, including content data, location data and metadata of all citizens around the world, on an unprecedented scale and in an indiscriminate and non-suspicion-based manner.

Parliament specifically pointed to:

· US NSA intelligence programmes allowing for the mass surveillance of EU citizens through direct access to the central servers of leading US internet companies (PRISM programme), the analysis of content and metadata (Xkeyscore programme), the circumvention of online encryption (BULLRUN);

· systems of the UK intelligence agency GCHQ such as the upstream surveillance activity (Tempora programme), etc.

Parliament emphasised that trust had been profoundly shaken between the two transatlantic partners. In order to rebuild trust, an immediate and comprehensive response plan comprising a series of actions which were subject to public scrutiny was needed.

Noting that several governments claim that these mass surveillance programmes were necessary to combat terrorism, Parliament stated that the fight against terrorism could never be a justification for untargeted, secret, or even illegal mass surveillance programmes. It strongly rejected the notion that all issues related to mass surveillance programmes were purely a matter of national security and therefore the sole competence of Member States. Discussion and action at EU level were not only legitimate, but also a matter of EU autonomy.

Recommendations: the US authorities and the EU Member States were called upon to prohibit blanket mass surveillance activities. Parliament intended to request strong political undertakings from the new Commission to implement the proposals and recommendations of this Inquiry .

Members States were called upon to:

· comprehensively evaluate, and revise where necessary, their national legislation and practices governing the activities of the intelligence services so as to ensure that they are subject to parliamentary and judicial oversight and public scrutiny;

· immediately fulfil their positive obligation under the European Convention on Human Rights to protect their citizens from surveillance contrary to its requirements, including when the aim thereof is to safeguard national security, undertaken by third states or by their own intelligence services, and

· ensure that the rule of law is not weakened as a result of extraterritorial application of a third country's law.

The United Kingdom, France, Germany, Sweden, the Netherlands and Poland were specifically asked to ensure that their current or future legislative frameworks and oversight mechanisms governing the activities of intelligence agencies were in line with the standards of the European Convention on Human Rights and European Union data protection legislation and to clarify the allegations of mass surveillance activities. Member States were also asked to shed light on US intelligence personnel and equipment on EU territory without oversight on surveillance operations.

The Commission was called upon to:

· carry out, before July 2014, an assessment of the applicability of Regulation (EC) No 2271/96 to cases of conflict of laws on transfers of personal data;

· present measures providing for the immediate suspension of Commission Decision 520/2000, which declared the adequacy of the Safe Harbour privacy principles. In this respect, the US authorities are urged to put forward a proposal for a new framework for transfers of personal data from the EU to the US which meets Union law data protection requirements and provides for the required adequate level of protection;

· present, by December 2014, a comprehensive assessment of the US privacy framework covering commercial, law enforcement and intelligence activities, and concrete recommendations based on the absence of a general data protection law in the US;

· engage with the US administration in order to establish a legal framework providing for a high level of protection of individuals with regard to the protection of their personal data when transferred to the US and ensure the equivalence of EU and US privacy frameworks;

· conduct, before the end of 2014, an in-depth assessment of the existing Mutual Legal Assistance Agreement;

· immediately resume the negotiations with the US on the 'Umbrella Agreement', which should put rights for EU citizens on an equal footing with rights for US citizens and not initiating any new sectorial agreements or arrangements for the transfer of personal data with the US as long as the 'Umbrella Agreement' has not entered into force;

· react to concerns that three of the major computerised reservation systems used by airlines worldwide are based in the US and that PNR data are saved in cloud systems operating on US soil under US law, which lacks data protection adequacy;

· present, by December 2014, a proposal for an EU security clearance procedure for all EU office holders;

· present draft legislation to ban the use of backdoors by law enforcement agencies;

· present, by January 2015 at the latest, an Action Plan to develop greater EU independence in the IT sector, including a more coherent approach to boosting European IT technological capabilities (including IT systems, equipment, services, cloud computing, etc);

· put forward by December 2014, legislative proposals to encourage software and hardware manufacturers to introduce more security and privacy by design and by default features in their products, including by introducing disincentives for the undue and disproportionate collection of mass personal data and legal liability on the part of manufacturers for unpatched known vulnerabilities, faulty or insecure products or the installation of secret backdoors enabling unauthorised access to and processing of data;

· through funding in the field of research and development , support the development of European innovative and technological capability in IT tools, companies and providers (hardware, software, services and network), including for purposes of cybersecurity and encryption and cryptographic capabilities;

· put forward by December 2014, legislative proposals to encourage software and hardware manufacturers to introduce more security and privacy by design and by default features in their products, including by introducing disincentives for the undue and disproportionate collection of mass personal data and legal liability on the part of manufacturers for unpatched known vulnerabilities, faulty or insecure products or the installation of secret backdoors enabling unauthorised access to and processing of data.

Threat to block approval of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement (TTIP ): the resolution stressed that that the consent of the European Parliament to the final TTIP agreement could be endangered as long as the blanket mass surveillance activities and the interception of communications in EU institutions and diplomatic representations were not completely abandoned and an adequate solution found for the data privacy rights of EU citizens. Parliament might only consent to the final TTIP agreement provided the agreement fully respected, inter alia, the fundamental rights recognised by the EU Charter, and provided the protection of the privacy of individuals in relation to the processing and dissemination of personal data remain governed by Article XIV of the GATS. Parliament stresses that EU data protection legislation could not be deemed an ‘arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination’ in the application of Article XIV of the GATS.

Parliament called for the setting up of a High-Level Group to propose, in a transparent manner and in collaboration with parliaments, recommendations and further steps to be taken for:

· enhanced democratic oversight, including parliamentary oversight, of intelligence services

· increased oversight collaboration in the EU, in particular as regards its cross-border dimension;

· the possibility of minimum European standards or guidelines for the (ex ante and ex post) oversight of intelligence services on the basis of existing best practices and recommendations by international bodies;

· prepare a report for and to assist in the preparation of a conference to be held by Parliament with national oversight bodies, whether parliamentary or independent, by the beginning of 2015.

Parliament decides to launch ‘ A European Digital Habeas Corpus - protecting fundamental rights in a digital age’ with the following 8 actions, the implementation of which it will oversee:

· the adoption of the Data Protection Package in 2014;

· the conclusion of the EU-US Umbrella Agreement guaranteeing the fundamental right of citizens to privacy and data protection and ensuring proper redress mechanisms for EU citizens;

· the suspension of Safe Harbour (voluntary standards on data protection for non-EU businesses that send personal data of EU citizens to the US) until a full review has been conducted and current loopholes were remedied;

· the suspension of the TFTP agreement until: (i) the Umbrella Agreement negotiations have been concluded; (ii) a thorough investigation has been concluded on the basis of an EU analysis and all concerns raised by Parliament in its resolution of 23 October 2013 have been properly addressed;

· an examination from the Commission as to whether a future legislative proposal establishing an effective and comprehensive European whistleblower protection programme. Member States should thoroughly examine the possibility of granting whistleblowers international protection from prosecution;

· the development of a European strategy for greater IT independence.

Lastly, the competent services of the Secretariat of the European Parliament were asked to carry out, by June 2015 at the latest, a thorough review and assessment of Parliament’s IT security dependability , focused on: budgetary means, staff resources, technical capabilities, internal organisation and all relevant elements, in order to achieve a high level of security for Parliament’s IT systems.

Parliament instructed its Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs to address Parliament in plenary on the matter a year after the adoption of this resolution, assessing the extent to which the recommendations adopted by Parliament had been followed and to analyse any instances where such recommendations had not been followed.

Documents
2014/03/12
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2014/03/11
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2014/02/21
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, single reading
Details

The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs adopted the own-initiative report by Claude MORAES (S&D, UK) on the US NSA surveillance programme, surveillance bodies in various Member States and their impact on EU citizens’ fundamental rights and on transatlantic cooperation in Justice and Home Affairs.

The report noted that in comparison to actions taken both by EU institutions and by certain EU Member States, the European Parliament has taken very seriously its obligation to shed light on the revelations on the indiscriminate practices of mass surveillance of EU citizens and instructed its Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs to conduct an in-depth inquiry into the matter.

Main findings of the report :

Members considered that recent revelations in the press by whistleblowers and journalists, together with the expert evidence given during this inquiry, admissions by authorities, and the insufficient response to these allegations, have resulted in compelling evidence of the existence of far-reaching, complex and highly technologically advanced systems designed by US and some Member States' intelligence services to collect, store and analyse communication data, including content data, location data and metadata of all citizens around the world, on an unprecedented scale and in an indiscriminate and non-suspicion-based manner.

They pointed specifically to:

US NSA intelligence programmes allowing for the mass surveillance of EU citizens through direct access to the central servers of leading US internet companies (PRISM programme), the analysis of content and metadata (Xkeyscore programme), the circumvention of online encryption (BULLRUN); systems of the UK intelligence agency GCHQ such as the upstream surveillance activity (Tempora programme), etc.

They emphasised that trust has been profoundly shaken between the two transatlantic partners. In order to rebuild trust in all these dimensions, an immediate and comprehensive response plan comprising a series of actions which are subject to public scrutiny is needed.

Noting that several governments claim that these mass surveillance programmes are necessary to combat terrorism, Members stated that the fight against terrorism can never be a justification for untargeted, secret, or even illegal mass surveillance programmes. The report strongly rejected the notion that all issues related to mass surveillance programmes are purely a matter of national security and therefore the sole competence of Member States. Discussion and action at EU level are not only legitimate, but also a matter of EU autonomy.

The US authorities and the EU Member States are called upon to prohibit blanket mass surveillance activities.

Members States are called upon to:

comprehensively evaluate, and revise where necessary, their national legislation and practices governing the activities of the intelligence services so as to ensure that they are subject to parliamentary and judicial oversight and public scrutiny; immediately fulfil their positive obligation under the European Convention on Human Rights to protect their citizens from surveillance contrary to its requirements, including when the aim thereof is to safeguard national security, undertaken by third states or by their own intelligence services, and to ensure that the rule of law is not weakened as a result of extraterritorial application of a third country's law.

The Commission is called upon to:

carry out, before July 2014, an assessment of the applicability of Regulation (EC) No 2271/96 to cases of conflict of laws on transfers of personal data; present measures providing for the immediate suspension of Commission Decision 520/2000, which declared the adequacy of the Safe Harbour privacy principles. In this respect, the US authorities are urged to put forward a proposal for a new framework for transfers of personal data from the EU to the US which meets Union law data protection requirements and provides for the required adequate level of protection; present, by December 2014, a comprehensive assessment of the US privacy framework covering commercial, law enforcement and intelligence activities, and concrete recommendations based on the absence of a general data protection law in the US; engage with the US administration in order to establish a legal framework providing for a high level of protection of individuals with regard to the protection of their personal data when transferred to the US and ensure the equivalence of EU and US privacy frameworks; conduct, before the end of 2014, an in-depth assessment of the existing Mutual Legal Assistance Agreement ; react to concerns that three of the major computerised reservation systems used by airlines worldwide are based in the US and that PNR data are saved in cloud systems operating on US soil under US law, which lacks data protection adequacy; present, by December 2014, a proposal for an EU security clearance procedure for all EU office holders ; present draft legislation to ban the use of backdoors by law enforcement agencies; present, by January 2015 at the latest, an Action Plan to develop greater EU independence in the IT sector , including a more coherent approach to boosting European IT technological capabilities (including IT systems, equipment, services, cloud computing, etc); put forward by December 2014, legislative proposals to encourage software and hardware manufacturers to introduce more security and privacy by design and by default features in their products, including by introducing disincentives for the undue and disproportionate collection of mass personal data and legal liability on the part of manufacturers for unpatched known vulnerabilities, faulty or insecure products or the installation of secret backdoors enabling unauthorised access to and processing of data;

Members called for the setting up of a High-Level Group to propose, in a transparent manner and in collaboration with parliaments, recommendations and further steps to be taken for enhanced democratic oversight, including parliamentary oversight, of intelligence services and increased oversight collaboration in the EU, in particular as regards its cross-border dimension.

Lastly, the report stressed the decision to launch ‘ A European Digital Habeas Corpus - protecting fundamental rights in a digital age’ with the following 8 actions as well as a timetable to be respected. The implementation of which it will oversee, inter alia:

the adoption of the Data Protection Package in 2014; the conclusion of the EU-US Umbrella Agreement guaranteeing the fundamental right of citizens to privacy and data protection and ensuring proper redress mechanisms for EU citizens; the suspension of Safe Harbour until a full review has been conducted and current loopholes are remedied; the suspension of the TFTP agreement until: (i) the Umbrella Agreement negotiations have been concluded; (ii) a thorough investigation has been concluded on the basis of an EU analysis and all concerns raised by Parliament in its resolution of 23 October 2013 have been properly addressed; the enhanced protection for whistleblowers; the development of a European strategy for greater IT independence.

Documents
2014/02/12
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading
2014/01/24
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2014/01/24
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2014/01/08
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2013/09/12
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading
2013/09/05
   EP - MORAES Claude (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in LIBE

Documents

Activities

Votes

A7-0139/2014 - Claude Moraes - Am 29

2014/03/12 Outcome: -: 465, +: 183, 0: 24
PT AT CY LU LV SI BE FI DE DK MT SE EE CZ EL IE HR LT SK BG NL HU ES FR RO IT PL GB
Total
20
18
6
6
8
7
19
11
91
8
4
19
5
19
16
12
12
10
13
17
25
20
51
60
28
55
41
70
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
50

Portugal Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

4

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Greece Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
33

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1

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1

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2

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1
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A7-0139/2014 - Claude Moraes - Am 1

2014/03/12 Outcome: -: 399, +: 239, 0: 31
DE PT AT BE CY BG FI EE LU IE SE CZ FR ES NL SI DK LT EL MT LV SK HR HU RO GB IT PL
Total
90
18
17
18
6
17
11
5
6
12
19
19
63
50
25
7
8
10
16
4
9
12
12
20
28
70
56
40
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
52

Portugal Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

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1

Belgium Verts/ALE

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4

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2

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For (1)

1

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For (1)

1

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3

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1

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1

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1

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5
icon: ALDE ALDE
75

Austria ALDE

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1

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3

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3

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2

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1

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172

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4

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2

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A7-0139/2014 - Claude Moraes - § 52

2014/03/12 Outcome: +: 379, -: 291, 0: 10
DE FR NL BE PT BG EL GB SE FI IT AT IE ES EE DK CZ LT LU CY MT SK RO HR LV SI HU PL
Total
93
63
25
19
21
16
16
68
19
11
57
19
12
52
6
8
19
10
6
6
4
13
28
12
9
7
20
40
icon: S&D S&D
175

Netherlands S&D

3

Finland S&D

2

Ireland S&D

2

Estonia S&D

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1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

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1
icon: ALDE ALDE
76

Greece ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

For (1)

4

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1

Denmark ALDE

For (1)

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1

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1

Latvia ALDE

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1

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2
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
55

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3

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1

Greece Verts/ALE

1

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5

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2

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2

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1

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1

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2

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2

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1

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1

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1

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Belgium NI

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1

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1
6

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2

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1

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1

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3
icon: EFD EFD
24

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1

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1

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50

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1

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1

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1

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1

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235

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4

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1

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1

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3

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2

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1

A7-0139/2014 - Claude Moraes - § 53

2014/03/12 Outcome: +: 329, -: 323, 0: 25
FR BE AT DE EL GB ES PT FI BG LU EE CY DK MT IE SE SK CZ LT HR LV NL SI RO HU IT PL
Total
63
18
19
91
17
68
52
21
11
17
6
6
6
8
4
12
19
13
19
10
12
9
25
7
28
20
56
39
icon: S&D S&D
174

Finland S&D

2

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Ireland S&D

2

Latvia S&D

1

Netherlands S&D

3

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
54

Belgium Verts/ALE

Abstain (1)

3

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Greece Verts/ALE

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5

Portugal Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

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1

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3
icon: ALDE ALDE
76

Belgium ALDE

Against (1)

3

Austria ALDE

1

Greece ALDE

1

Finland ALDE

Abstain (1)

3

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

Against (1)

3

Denmark ALDE

Against (2)

2

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

4

Sweden ALDE

For (1)

4

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For (1)

1

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1

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2
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
33

Greece GUE/NGL

2

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

1

Croatia GUE/NGL

1

Latvia GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2
icon: NI NI
31

Belgium NI

For (1)

1
6

Spain NI

1

Bulgaria NI

1

Ireland NI

For (1)

1

Hungary NI

Abstain (1)

3

Italy NI

2
icon: EFD EFD
24

Belgium EFD

For (1)

1

Greece EFD

Against (1)

1

Finland EFD

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria EFD

Against (1)

1

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1

Lithuania EFD

2

Netherlands EFD

Against (1)

1

Poland EFD

2
icon: ECR ECR
48

Belgium ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1

Hungary ECR

Against (1)

1

Italy ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: PPE PPE
236

Belgium PPE

For (1)

4

Finland PPE

3

Luxembourg PPE

For (1)

3

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Czechia PPE

Against (1)

1

A7-0139/2014 - Claude Moraes - Am 30

2014/03/12 Outcome: -: 511, +: 157, 0: 12
AT EE CY LU FI BE DK SI MT LV FR SE IE NL BG CZ EL LT HR SK PT HU DE RO PL ES GB IT
Total
19
6
6
6
11
19
8
6
4
9
63
19
12
24
17
18
17
10
12
13
21
20
91
28
41
52
70
57
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
55

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Belgium Verts/ALE

Against (1)

4

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Greece Verts/ALE

1

Portugal Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
32

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Latvia GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

1

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Croatia GUE/NGL

1

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: NI NI
31

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Ireland NI

For (1)

1

Bulgaria NI

1

Hungary NI

Against (1)

3

Spain NI

Against (1)

1
6

Italy NI

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
76

Austria ALDE

1

Estonia ALDE

Against (1)

3

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Finland ALDE

3

Belgium ALDE

Against (1)

3

Denmark ALDE

Against (2)

2

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Latvia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Sweden ALDE

For (1)

4

Ireland ALDE

Abstain (1)

4

Greece ALDE

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ALDE

Against (1)

2

Slovakia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Romania ALDE

Abstain (1)

4
icon: EFD EFD
25

Finland EFD

Against (1)

1

Belgium EFD

For (1)

1

Netherlands EFD

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria EFD

Against (1)

1

Greece EFD

Against (1)

1

Lithuania EFD

2

Slovakia EFD

For (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
49

Belgium ECR

Against (1)

1

Latvia ECR

Against (1)

1

Netherlands ECR

Against (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Hungary ECR

Against (1)

1

Italy ECR

Abstain (1)

1
icon: S&D S&D
175

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1
2

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Finland S&D

2

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Ireland S&D

2

Netherlands S&D

3

Lithuania S&D

2

Hungary S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
236

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

2

Luxembourg PPE

For (1)

3

Finland PPE

3

Denmark PPE

Abstain (1)

1

Slovenia PPE

3

Malta PPE

Against (1)

1

Czechia PPE

Against (1)

1

A7-0139/2014 - Claude Moraes - Am 31

2014/03/12 Outcome: -: 500, +: 164, 0: 15
AT LU EE CY DK MT LT BG FI SI LV IE BE EL NL SE FR SK CZ HR PT HU DE RO PL ES IT GB
Total
19
6
6
6
8
4
10
17
11
7
9
12
19
17
25
19
63
13
19
12
21
20
91
28
41
50
57
68
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
55

Austria Verts/ALE

2

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

2

Latvia Verts/ALE

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

Against (1)

4

Greece Verts/ALE

1

Netherlands Verts/ALE

3

Portugal Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

5
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
33

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Latvia GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Ireland GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Greece GUE/NGL

2

Netherlands GUE/NGL

2

Sweden GUE/NGL

1

Croatia GUE/NGL

1

Spain GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
76

Austria ALDE

1

Luxembourg ALDE

For (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

Against (1)

3

Denmark ALDE

Against (2)

2

Finland ALDE

3

Slovenia ALDE

For (1)

Against (1)

2

Latvia ALDE

Against (1)

1

Ireland ALDE

For (1)

4

Belgium ALDE

Against (1)

3

Greece ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

For (1)

4

Slovakia ALDE