BETA


2014/0255(COD) Medicated feed: manufacture, placing on the market and use

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead AGRI AGUILERA Clara (icon: S&D S&D) BUDA Daniel (icon: PPE PPE), NICHOLSON James (icon: ECR ECR), FEDERLEY Fredrick (icon: ALDE ALDE), SCOTT CATO Molly (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE), MOI Giulia (icon: EFDD EFDD)
Committee Opinion ENVI LINS Norbert (icon: PPE PPE) James NICHOLSON (icon: ECR ECR), Tibor SZANYI (icon: S&D S&D)
Committee Opinion IMCO
Committee Legal Basis Opinion JURI GUTELAND Jytte (icon: S&D S&D)
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 043, TFEU 168-p4

Events

2019/01/07
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: adopt new rules on medicated feed with a view to ensuring a high level of protection for human and animal health, providing adequate information for users and strengthening the effective functioning of the internal market.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Regulation (EU) 2019/4 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the manufacture, placing on the market and use of medicated feed, amending Regulation (EC) No 183/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Council Directive 90/167/EEC.

CONTENT: the Regulation establishes new rules on more responsible ways to produce, sell and use medicated feeds for animals in order to combat the spread of antimicrobial resistance. It will apply to (i) the manufacture, storage and transport of medicated feed and intermediate products; (ii) the placing on the market, including import from third countries, and the use of medicated feed; (iii) the export to third countries of medicated feed.

The new rules clarify, in particular, the following points:

Approval of establishments

Feed business operators manufacturing, storing, transporting or placing on the market medicated feed or intermediate products shall ensure that establishments under their control are approved by the competent authority.

The competent authority shall approve establishments only where an on-site visit, prior to start-up of the relevant activity, has demonstrated that the system put in place for the manufacture, storage, transport or placing on the market of medicated feed or intermediate products meets the specific requirements of the Regulation.

Feed business operators dealing with some lower risk activities, such as certain types of transport, storage and retail, will be exempted from the approval obligation, but this does not exempt them from the registration obligation.

Cross-contamination

Cross-contamination may occur during manufacture, processing, storage or transport of feed where the same production and processing equipment, including for mobile mixing, storage facilities or means of transport are used for feed with different components.

The Regulation sets out harmonised requirements to prevent cross-contamination of non-target feed with active substances. The Commission may establish, by means of delegated acts, specific maximum levels of cross-contamination for active substances in non-target feed on the basis of a scientific risk assessment performed by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and in cooperation with the European Medicines Agency.

Prescription and use

The new rules specify how to prescribe and use medicated feed containing antimicrobial agents for food producing animals.

The supply of medicated feed to animal keepers shall be subject to the presentation and, in case of manufacturing by on-farm mixers, the possession of a veterinary prescription for medicated feed. A veterinary prescription for medicated feed shall be issued only after a clinical examination or any other proper assessment of the health status of the animal or group of animals by a veterinarian and only for a diagnosed disease.

Prophylaxis or use of medicated feed to enhance the performance of animals will not be allowed, except, in certain cases, as regards medicated feed containing antiparasitics and immunological veterinary medicinal products.

The use of medicated feed containing antimicrobials for metaphylaxis will only be allowed when the risk of spread of an infection or of an infectious disease is high. The use of medicated feed containing some antiparasitics should be based on the knowledge of the parasite infestation status in the animal or group of animals.

Advertising

The advertising of medicated feed and intermediate products is prohibited. That prohibition shall not apply to advertising made exclusively to veterinarians. The advertising shall not include information in any form that could be misleading or lead to incorrect use of the medicated feed. Medicated feed shall not be distributed for promotional purposes except for small quantities of samples.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 27.1.2019.

APPLICATION: from 28.1.2022.

2018/12/12
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2018/12/11
   CSL - Final act signed
2018/12/11
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2018/11/26
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2018/11/26
   CSL - Council Meeting
2018/11/21
   EC - Commission response to text adopted in plenary
Documents
2018/10/25
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2018/10/25
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 583 votes to 31 with 6 abstentions a legislative resolution on the for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the manufacture, placing on the market and use of medicated feed and repealing Council Directive 90/167/EEC.

The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission proposal as follows:

Purpose : the proposed Regulation shall establish new rules on more responsible ways to produce, sell and use medicated feed to tackle the spread of antimicrobial resistance. It shall apply to: (i) the manufacture, storage and transport of medicated feed and intermediate products; (ii) the placing on the market, including import from third countries, and the use of medicated feed and intermediate products; (iii) the export to third countries of medicated feed and intermediate products.

Composition : the feed business operator manufacturing the medicated feed or intermediate product shall ensure that the medicated feed or intermediate product is manufactured in compliance with the relevant conditions laid down in the veterinary prescription for medicated feed or, in the summary of the product characteristics, related to the veterinary medicinal products to be incorporated in the fee.

Those conditions shall include particular provisions regarding known interactions between the veterinary medicinal products and the feed that may impair the safety or the efficacy of the medicated feed or intermediate product.

Operators shall also take measures to avoid cross-contamination , i. e. contamination of a non-target feed with an active substance originating from the previous use of the facilities or equipment.

The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in order to supplement this Regulation by establishing specific maximum levels of cross-contamination for active substances in non-target feed. Those delegated acts shall be based on a scientific risk assessment carried out by EFSA.

Approval of establishments : the competent authority shall approve establishments only where an on-site visit, prior to start-up of the relevant activity , has demonstrated that the system put in place for the manufacture, storage, transport or placing on the market of medicated feed or intermediate products meets the specific requirements.

Feed business operators dealing with some lower risk activities, such as certain types of transport, storage and retail, should be exempted from the approval obligation, however this should not exempt them from the registration obligation.

Prudent use of antibiotics : the amended text emphasises that medical treatments, especially with antimicrobials, should never replace good husbandry, bio-security and management practices.

The new rules shall ban prophylactic (preventive) use of medicated feed or its use for improving animal performance, except in some cases for medicated feed containing antiparasitic and immunological veterinary drugs. Metaphylactic use, i.e. treating the whole group of animals when one is infected, will be allowed only when the risk of spread of infection is high and there is no appropriate alternative.

The use of medicated feed containing some antiparasitics shall be based on the knowledge of the parasite infestation status in the animal or group of animals.

Prescription : in order to ensure the safe use of medicated feed, its supply and use shall be subject to presentation of a valid veterinary prescription for medicated feed which has been issued by a veterinarian after examination or any other proper assessment of the health status of the animals to be treated.

Advertising : the new rules shall prohibit the advertising of medicated feed and intermediate products. That prohibition shall not apply to advertising made exclusively to veterinarians. The advertising shall not include information in any form which could be misleading or lead to incorrect use of the medicated feed. In addition, medicated feed shall not be distributed for promotional purposes except for small quantities of samples.

Imports into the EU : operators importing medicated feed or intermediate products into the EU shall ensure that the use of veterinary medicinal products used for the manufacture of such medicated feed or intermediate products is authorised.

Documents
2018/10/24
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2018/07/10
   EP - Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations
2018/06/27
   CSL - Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement
2016/04/05
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development adopted a report by Clara Eugenia AGUILERA GARCÍA (S&D, ES) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the manufacture, placing on the market and use of medicated feed and repealing Council Directive 90/167/EEC.

The committee recommended that the European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission proposal as follows:

Legal basis : the proposal should be based on Article 43(2) whereby the ordinary legislative procedure is used for legislation necessary for the pursuit of the objectives of the common agricultural policy.

Scope : this Regulation shall apply to:

the manufacture, storage and transport of medicated feed and intermediate products intended for both food-producing and non-food producing animals; the placing on the market, including import from third countries, and use of medicated feed and intermediate products intended for both food-producing and non-food producing animals.

This Regulation shall not apply to finished veterinary medicinal products to be orally administered that have been approved for use via feed as oral powders (via 'top dressing') or in drinking water . The Commission shall, by 12 months after the date of entry into force of this Regulation, propose a specific legislative proposal on the administration of veterinary medicinal products for use via feed or in drinking water.

Definitions : the report proposes:

to amend the definition of ´ premix for medicated feedingstuffs ´, as the medicated premix is the veterinary medicinal product, which is an appropriate pharmaceutical form primarily authorised to be used incorporated in medicated feedingstuffs in conditions fully in compliance with the conditions of the marketing authorisation; to introduce the definitions of 'antimicrobials'and 'antibiotics' / 'antibacterials' , as well as the definitions of 'preventive treatment (prophylaxis), 'control treatment (metaphylaxis) and 'curative (therapeutic) treatment' as laid down in the Veterinary Medicinal Products proposal; to define ‘ non-target feed’ as an ordinary feed containing no veterinary medicinal products; to define ‘ mobile mixer ’ and ‘on-farm mixer’; to define 'cross-contamination' to mean a contamination resulting from a carry-over or from the transfer in feed of any unintended substance.

General obligations : Members added a provisions stipulating that distributors who supply medicated feed solely for non-food producing animals , which is manufactured and distributed in sealed bags and supplied under prescription directly to the animal holders, shall be exempt from the obligations of feed business operators.

Justification

The exemption proposed facilitates wholesale and retail (veterinary and pharmacist) distribution solely of medicated feed for pets without imposing unnecessary administrative burdens.

Composition : the feed used for the production of medicated feed shall comply with all relevant provisions of Union legislation concerning animal feedingstuffs.

Homogeneous distribution : it is stated that feed business operators manufacturing medicated feed shall ensure the homogeneous distribution (instead of homogeneous incorporation) of the veterinary medicinal product or the intermediate product in the feed.

Carry-over : according to the amended text, feed business operators shall manufacture, store, transport and place on the market medicated feed and intermediate products shall apply measures to avoid carry-over in accordance with the ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) principle, in order to avoid risk for animal health, human health or the environment.

The Commission proposes to establish a general 1% carry-over limit for all active substances containing antimicrobials, until such time as specific limits are set for each active substance individually. Members proposed that a 3% general limit for all active substances is more appropriate until specific limits - established by the European Feed and Safety Authority (EFSA) and based on scientific evidence - are fixed for each active substance .

The Commission shall, by means of implementing acts, establish a detailed schedule listing, in order of priority, the different active substances for which specific carry-over limits must be adopted. EFSA and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) shall be consulted as the list is being compiled. By two years after the date of entry into force of this Regulation, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and to the Council indicating the specific carry-over limits adopted .

Packaging : medicated feed and intermediate products shall be placed on the market only in properly labelled and sealed packages, including sack packaging, or containers. Appropriate derogations should be provided for those instances where the application of that requirement is not necessary to protect human or animal health or consumer interests, and would represent an excessive administrative and technical burden.

Trade with third countries : Members proposed that imports, from third countries, of food producing animals which have been administered medicated feed containing antimicrobial veterinary medicinal products in order to prevent disease shall be prohibited. Similarly, imports of foodstuffs derived from those animals shall be prohibited.

Prescriptions : the supply of medicated feed to animal holders shall be subject to the presentation and, in case of manufacturing by on-farm mixers, the possession of a veterinary prescription issued by a veterinarian or another professional person qualified to do so in accordance with applicable national law, following a proper assessment of the health status of the animals concerned.

Members called for prescriptions for medicated feed containing veterinary medicinal products which have anabolic, anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious (other than anthelmintic), anti-cancer, hormonal or psychotropic properties or substances only to be issued by a veterinarian after a clinical examination and diagnosis.

For medicated feed containing antibiotics , a physical examination and diagnosis shall be carried out for every prescription issued.

The duration of the treatment shall follow the valid summary of product characteristics (SPC) of the authorised veterinary medicinal product incorporated into the medicated feed and should not exceed three weeks in the case of medicated feed with incorporated veterinary medicinal products containing active substances with the potential to select resistance.

Significant and imminent health risks may be grounds for the limited and non-routine prophylactic use of vaccines and anti-parasitical treatments .

Use in food-producing animals : the Commission proposal sets limits for the quantities of medicated feed that suppliers are allowed to provide to farmers (one month’s supply or 2 weeks for antimicrobials).

Members considered that setting time limits of this type in an EU regulation is inappropriate. They suggested the quantities required for a treatment shall be determined in accordance with the summary of product characteristics included in the marketing authorisation of the veterinary medicinal product included in the prescription.

Use of medicated feed containing antimicrobials : Members stated that the prophylactic use of medicated feed containing antibiotics shall not be allowed unless such use is permitted under the veterinary medicinal products. The use of antibiotics to enhance the performance of food-producing animals shall be prohibited.

Prophylaxis with antibiotics shall not be applied routinely nor to compensate for poor hygiene or for inadequate husbandry conditions. However, such prophylaxis may be permitted in very exceptional cases before a disease is diagnosed or clinical signs of disease are present on the basis of the epidemiological and clinical knowledge of the veterinarian.

Annexes : in annex IV, the report proposes changes to the permitted tolerances of deviations from the amount of an active substance indicated on the label, in order to adapt them to the proportions used in the manufacture of medicated feed.

Documents
2016/03/15
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2015/12/15
   CSL - Debate in Council
Documents
2015/12/15
   CSL - Council Meeting
2015/09/03
   EP - Specific opinion
Documents
2015/07/02
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/06/18
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/06/11
   EP - GUTELAND Jytte (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in JURI
2015/05/20
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2015/01/21
   ESC - Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report
Documents
2014/12/04
   EP - AGUILERA Clara (S&D) appointed as rapporteur in AGRI
2014/11/13
   EP - LINS Norbert (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in ENVI
2014/11/10
   IT_SENATE - Contribution
Documents
2014/11/03
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2014/10/20
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2014/09/10
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2014/09/10
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2014/09/10
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to ensure a high level of protection of human and animal health, providing adequate information for users and strengthen the effective functioning of the internal market.

PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: livestock production occupies a very important place in the agriculture of the Union. There are 13.7 million animal holdings in the EU. The value of livestock farming output in the EU is EUR 157 billion.

In addition, the protection of animal health constitutes one of the general objectives of EU food law.

The rules concerning medicated feed have significant influence on the keeping and on the rearing of animals, including non-food producing animals, and on the production of products of animal origin.

Council Directive 90/167/EEC constitutes the Union’s regulatory framework for the manufacture, placing on the market and use of medicated feed.

Experience with the application of Directive 90/167/EEC has shown that further measures should be taken to strengthen the effective functioning of the Internal Market and to explicitly give and improve the possibility to treat non-food producing animals by medicated feed.

IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment identified the following main axes along which the system has to change in order to answer the stakeholders concerns: residues of veterinary medicines in feed, imprecise dosage of veterinary medicines, impossible market access to medicated feed for pets and barriers to intra EU trade of medicated feed. The impact assessment concluded that an EU Regulation with detailed rules would have the most positive impacts and would provide for the best way forward to achieve the objectives for the EU.

The impact assessment concluded that an EU Regulation with detailed rules would have the most positive impacts and would provide for the best way forward to achieve the objectives for the EU.

CONTENT: the proposed Regulation seeks to update the current legislation on medicated feed by repealing Directive 90/167/EEC which sets out the conditions under which medicated animal feed may be manufactured, placed on the market and used within the EU.

The main elements of the proposed Regulation include:

Scope : the scope of the proposed Regulation covers the manufacture, placing on the market and use of medicated feed for use in pets and in food-producing animals within the Union. It does not apply to veterinary medicinal products used as the medicinal component of medicated feed (previously called "medicated premixes"), which are dealt with under the veterinary medicinal products legislation.

Manufacture, composition, placing on the market and use of medicated feed : the proposal:

ensure that the general manufacture requirements laid down in Regulation (EC) No 183/2005 apply; stipulates that medicated feed may only be manufactured from veterinary medicinal products authorised under the veterinary medicinal products legislation; sets rules for the approval of feed business operators and rules they need to comply with in order to manufacture medicated feed; lays down rules for the homogenous incorporation of the veterinary medicinal products into the medicated feed and requirements in order to avoid carry-over of active substances from veterinary medicinal products into non target feed.

Labelling : the proposal provides that as regards labelling, the general provisions laid down in Regulation (EC) No 767/2009 on the placing on the market and use of feed should apply and that it be subject to specific labelling requirements in order to provide the user with the information necessary to correctly administer the medicated feed. It should also ensure that:

specific rules for the prescription, the validity of the prescription, the use of medicated feed containing antimicrobials in food-producing animals and the quantities required for the treatment of animals with medicated feed are laid down; manufacturers, distributors and users of medicated feed are keep daily records for the effective tracing of medicated feed; for veterinary medicinal products authorised at national level, the Regulation sets Intra-Union rules for trade of medicated feed in order to prevent distortions in competition.

DELEGATED ACT: the proposal contains provisions empowering the Commission to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.

Documents

Votes

A8-0075/2016 - Clara Eugenia Aguilera García - Am 94 25/10/2018 12:14:21.000 #

2018/10/25 Outcome: +: 583, -: 31, 0: 6
DE FR IT ES PL RO GB BE SE PT CZ BG NL AT HU SK FI EL LT HR IE SI LU EE LV MT DK CY ??
Total
83
69
53
44
42
26
55
20
19
17
17
14
22
18
14
12
11
16
9
9
7
7
6
6
6
6
5
4
2
icon: PPE PPE
173

United Kingdom PPE

2

Finland PPE

2

Lithuania PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
164

Czechia S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

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1

Latvia S&D

1

Malta S&D

3

Denmark S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
58

Germany ALDE

3

Romania ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1

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Portugal ALDE

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Austria ALDE

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31

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A8-0075/2016 - Clara Eugenia Aguilera García - Am 94 #

2018/10/25 Outcome: +: 583, -: 31, 0: 6
DE FR IT ES PL RO GB BE SE PT CZ BG NL AT HU SK FI EL LT HR IE SI LU EE LV MT DK CY ??
Total
83
68
53
44
42
26
55
20
19
17
17
14
22
18
14
12
11
16
9
9
7
7
6
6
6
6
5
4
2
icon: PPE PPE
173

United Kingdom PPE

2

Finland PPE

2

Lithuania PPE

1

Luxembourg PPE

3

Estonia PPE

For (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

1
icon: S&D S&D
163

Czechia S&D

3

Netherlands S&D

3

Croatia S&D

2

Ireland S&D

For (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

For (1)

1

Luxembourg S&D

For (1)

1

Estonia S&D

For (1)

1

Latvia S&D

1

Malta S&D

3

Denmark S&D

2

Cyprus S&D

1
icon: ALDE ALDE
59

Germany ALDE

3

Romania ALDE

3

United Kingdom ALDE

1

Sweden ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

1

Bulgaria ALDE

3

Austria ALDE

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1
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2

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1
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Italy ECR

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2

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2

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1

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2
2

Greece ECR

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1

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1

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icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
44

Italy Verts/ALE

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1

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

4

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

For (1)

1

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icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
38

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2

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1

Czechia GUE/NGL

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2

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For (1)

1

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1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2
icon: ENF ENF
30

Germany ENF

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1

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4
icon: NI NI
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Germany NI

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1

France NI

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1

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icon: EFDD EFDD
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1
AmendmentsDossier
540 2014/0255(COD)
2015/04/28 ENVI 234 amendments...
source: 554.992
2015/07/02 AGRI 306 amendments...
source: 560.826

History

(these mark the time of scraping, not the official date of the change)

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  • date: 2014-10-20T00:00:00 body: EP type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: BUDA Daniel group: ECR name: NICHOLSON James group: ALDE name: FEDERLEY Fredrick group: GUE/NGL name: CARTHY Matt group: Verts/ALE name: SCOTT CATO Molly group: EFD name: MOI Giulia responsible: True committee: AGRI date: 2014-12-04T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: S&D name: AGUILERA GARCÍA Clara Eugenia body: EP responsible: False committee: ENVI date: 2014-11-13T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: EPP name: LINS Norbert body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: None committee: JURI date: 2015-06-11T00:00:00 committee_full: Legal Affairs rapporteur: group: S&D name: GUTELAND Jytte
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  • date: 2016-03-15T00:00:00 body: EP type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading committees: body: EP shadows: group: EPP name: BUDA Daniel group: ECR name: NICHOLSON James group: ALDE name: FEDERLEY Fredrick group: GUE/NGL name: CARTHY Matt group: Verts/ALE name: SCOTT CATO Molly group: EFD name: MOI Giulia responsible: True committee: AGRI date: 2014-12-04T00:00:00 committee_full: Agriculture and Rural Development rapporteur: group: S&D name: AGUILERA GARCÍA Clara Eugenia body: EP responsible: False committee: ENVI date: 2014-11-13T00:00:00 committee_full: Environment, Public Health and Food Safety rapporteur: group: EPP name: LINS Norbert body: EP responsible: False committee_full: Internal Market and Consumer Protection committee: IMCO body: EP responsible: None committee: JURI date: 2015-06-11T00:00:00 committee_full: Legal Affairs rapporteur: group: S&D name: GUTELAND Jytte
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  • date: 2018-10-22T00:00:00 body: EP type: Indicative plenary sitting date, 1st reading/single reading
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  • body: CSL type: Council Meeting council: Agriculture and Fisheries meeting_id: 3437 url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3437*&MEET_DATE=15/12/2015 date: 2015-12-15T00:00:00
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  • date: 2014-09-10T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2014:0271:FIN:EN:PDF title: EUR-Lex title: SWD(2014)0271 type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2014-09-10T00:00:00 docs: url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=SWD:2014:0272:FIN:EN:PDF title: EUR-Lex title: SWD(2014)0272 type: Document attached to the procedure body: EC
  • date: 2015-01-21T00:00:00 docs: url: https://dm.eesc.europa.eu/EESCDocumentSearch/Pages/redresults.aspx?k=(documenttype:AC)(documentnumber:5960)(documentyear:2014)(documentlanguage:EN) title: CES5960/2014 type: Economic and Social Committee: opinion, report body: ESC
  • date: 2015-05-20T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE549.334 title: PE549.334 type: Committee draft report body: EP
  • date: 2015-06-18T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE546.581&secondRef=02 title: PE546.581 committee: ENVI type: Committee opinion body: EP
  • date: 2015-07-02T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE560.826 title: PE560.826 type: Amendments tabled in committee body: EP
  • date: 2015-09-03T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=COMPARL&mode=XML&language=EN&reference=PE564.927 title: PE564.927 committee: JURI type: Specific opinion body: EP
  • date: 2018-06-27T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/commissions/agri/lcag/2018/06-27/AGRI_LA(2018)007840_EN.pdf title: GEDA/A/(2018)007840 type: Coreper letter confirming interinstitutional agreement body: CSL
  • date: 2018-11-21T00:00:00 docs: url: /oeil/spdoc.do?i=26983&j=0&l=en title: SP(2018)755 type: Commission response to text adopted in plenary
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  • date: 2014-11-03T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2014)0556 title: COM(2014)0556 type: Contribution body: ES_PARLIAMENT
  • date: 2014-11-10T00:00:00 docs: url: http://www.connefof.europarl.europa.eu/connefof/app/exp/COM(2014)0556 title: COM(2014)0556 type: Contribution body: IT_SENATE
events
  • date: 2014-09-10T00:00:00 type: Legislative proposal published body: EC docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/docs_autres_institutions/commission_europeenne/com/2014/0556/COM_COM(2014)0556_EN.pdf title: COM(2014)0556 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!DocNumber&lg=EN&type_doc=COMfinal&an_doc=2014&nu_doc=0556 title: EUR-Lex summary: PURPOSE: to ensure a high level of protection of human and animal health, providing adequate information for users and strengthen the effective functioning of the internal market. PROPOSED ACT: Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council. ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure and on an equal footing with the Council. BACKGROUND: livestock production occupies a very important place in the agriculture of the Union. There are 13.7 million animal holdings in the EU. The value of livestock farming output in the EU is EUR 157 billion. In addition, the protection of animal health constitutes one of the general objectives of EU food law. The rules concerning medicated feed have significant influence on the keeping and on the rearing of animals, including non-food producing animals, and on the production of products of animal origin. Council Directive 90/167/EEC constitutes the Union’s regulatory framework for the manufacture, placing on the market and use of medicated feed. Experience with the application of Directive 90/167/EEC has shown that further measures should be taken to strengthen the effective functioning of the Internal Market and to explicitly give and improve the possibility to treat non-food producing animals by medicated feed. IMPACT ASSESSMENT: the impact assessment identified the following main axes along which the system has to change in order to answer the stakeholders concerns: residues of veterinary medicines in feed, imprecise dosage of veterinary medicines, impossible market access to medicated feed for pets and barriers to intra EU trade of medicated feed. The impact assessment concluded that an EU Regulation with detailed rules would have the most positive impacts and would provide for the best way forward to achieve the objectives for the EU. The impact assessment concluded that an EU Regulation with detailed rules would have the most positive impacts and would provide for the best way forward to achieve the objectives for the EU. CONTENT: the proposed Regulation seeks to update the current legislation on medicated feed by repealing Directive 90/167/EEC which sets out the conditions under which medicated animal feed may be manufactured, placed on the market and used within the EU. The main elements of the proposed Regulation include: Scope : the scope of the proposed Regulation covers the manufacture, placing on the market and use of medicated feed for use in pets and in food-producing animals within the Union. It does not apply to veterinary medicinal products used as the medicinal component of medicated feed (previously called "medicated premixes"), which are dealt with under the veterinary medicinal products legislation. Manufacture, composition, placing on the market and use of medicated feed : the proposal: ensure that the general manufacture requirements laid down in Regulation (EC) No 183/2005 apply; stipulates that medicated feed may only be manufactured from veterinary medicinal products authorised under the veterinary medicinal products legislation; sets rules for the approval of feed business operators and rules they need to comply with in order to manufacture medicated feed; lays down rules for the homogenous incorporation of the veterinary medicinal products into the medicated feed and requirements in order to avoid carry-over of active substances from veterinary medicinal products into non target feed. Labelling : the proposal provides that as regards labelling, the general provisions laid down in Regulation (EC) No 767/2009 on the placing on the market and use of feed should apply and that it be subject to specific labelling requirements in order to provide the user with the information necessary to correctly administer the medicated feed. It should also ensure that: specific rules for the prescription, the validity of the prescription, the use of medicated feed containing antimicrobials in food-producing animals and the quantities required for the treatment of animals with medicated feed are laid down; manufacturers, distributors and users of medicated feed are keep daily records for the effective tracing of medicated feed; for veterinary medicinal products authorised at national level, the Regulation sets Intra-Union rules for trade of medicated feed in order to prevent distortions in competition. DELEGATED ACT: the proposal contains provisions empowering the Commission to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
  • date: 2014-10-20T00:00:00 type: Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2015-12-15T00:00:00 type: Debate in Council body: CSL docs: url: http://register.consilium.europa.eu/content/out?lang=EN&typ=SET&i=SMPL&ROWSPP=25&RESULTSET=1&NRROWS=500&DOC_LANCD=EN&ORDERBY=DOC_DATE+DESC&CONTENTS=3437*&MEET_DATE=15/12/2015 title: 3437
  • date: 2016-03-15T00:00:00 type: Vote in committee, 1st reading/single reading body: EP
  • date: 2016-04-05T00:00:00 type: Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=REPORT&mode=XML&reference=A8-2016-0075&language=EN title: A8-0075/2016 summary: The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development adopted a report by Clara Eugenia AGUILERA GARCÍA (S&D, ES) on the proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the manufacture, placing on the market and use of medicated feed and repealing Council Directive 90/167/EEC. The committee recommended that the European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure should amend the Commission proposal as follows: Legal basis : the proposal should be based on Article 43(2) whereby the ordinary legislative procedure is used for legislation necessary for the pursuit of the objectives of the common agricultural policy. Scope : this Regulation shall apply to: the manufacture, storage and transport of medicated feed and intermediate products intended for both food-producing and non-food producing animals; the placing on the market, including import from third countries, and use of medicated feed and intermediate products intended for both food-producing and non-food producing animals. This Regulation shall not apply to finished veterinary medicinal products to be orally administered that have been approved for use via feed as oral powders (via 'top dressing') or in drinking water . The Commission shall, by 12 months after the date of entry into force of this Regulation, propose a specific legislative proposal on the administration of veterinary medicinal products for use via feed or in drinking water. Definitions : the report proposes: to amend the definition of ´ premix for medicated feedingstuffs ´, as the medicated premix is the veterinary medicinal product, which is an appropriate pharmaceutical form primarily authorised to be used incorporated in medicated feedingstuffs in conditions fully in compliance with the conditions of the marketing authorisation; to introduce the definitions of 'antimicrobials'and 'antibiotics' / 'antibacterials' , as well as the definitions of 'preventive treatment (prophylaxis), 'control treatment (metaphylaxis) and 'curative (therapeutic) treatment' as laid down in the Veterinary Medicinal Products proposal; to define ‘ non-target feed’ as an ordinary feed containing no veterinary medicinal products; to define ‘ mobile mixer ’ and ‘on-farm mixer’; to define 'cross-contamination' to mean a contamination resulting from a carry-over or from the transfer in feed of any unintended substance. General obligations : Members added a provisions stipulating that distributors who supply medicated feed solely for non-food producing animals , which is manufactured and distributed in sealed bags and supplied under prescription directly to the animal holders, shall be exempt from the obligations of feed business operators. Justification The exemption proposed facilitates wholesale and retail (veterinary and pharmacist) distribution solely of medicated feed for pets without imposing unnecessary administrative burdens. Composition : the feed used for the production of medicated feed shall comply with all relevant provisions of Union legislation concerning animal feedingstuffs. Homogeneous distribution : it is stated that feed business operators manufacturing medicated feed shall ensure the homogeneous distribution (instead of homogeneous incorporation) of the veterinary medicinal product or the intermediate product in the feed. Carry-over : according to the amended text, feed business operators shall manufacture, store, transport and place on the market medicated feed and intermediate products shall apply measures to avoid carry-over in accordance with the ALARA (As Low As Reasonably Achievable) principle, in order to avoid risk for animal health, human health or the environment. The Commission proposes to establish a general 1% carry-over limit for all active substances containing antimicrobials, until such time as specific limits are set for each active substance individually. Members proposed that a 3% general limit for all active substances is more appropriate until specific limits - established by the European Feed and Safety Authority (EFSA) and based on scientific evidence - are fixed for each active substance . The Commission shall, by means of implementing acts, establish a detailed schedule listing, in order of priority, the different active substances for which specific carry-over limits must be adopted. EFSA and the European Medicines Agency (EMA) shall be consulted as the list is being compiled. By two years after the date of entry into force of this Regulation, the Commission shall submit a report to the European Parliament and to the Council indicating the specific carry-over limits adopted . Packaging : medicated feed and intermediate products shall be placed on the market only in properly labelled and sealed packages, including sack packaging, or containers. Appropriate derogations should be provided for those instances where the application of that requirement is not necessary to protect human or animal health or consumer interests, and would represent an excessive administrative and technical burden. Trade with third countries : Members proposed that imports, from third countries, of food producing animals which have been administered medicated feed containing antimicrobial veterinary medicinal products in order to prevent disease shall be prohibited. Similarly, imports of foodstuffs derived from those animals shall be prohibited. Prescriptions : the supply of medicated feed to animal holders shall be subject to the presentation and, in case of manufacturing by on-farm mixers, the possession of a veterinary prescription issued by a veterinarian or another professional person qualified to do so in accordance with applicable national law, following a proper assessment of the health status of the animals concerned. Members called for prescriptions for medicated feed containing veterinary medicinal products which have anabolic, anti-inflammatory, anti-infectious (other than anthelmintic), anti-cancer, hormonal or psychotropic properties or substances only to be issued by a veterinarian after a clinical examination and diagnosis. For medicated feed containing antibiotics , a physical examination and diagnosis shall be carried out for every prescription issued. The duration of the treatment shall follow the valid summary of product characteristics (SPC) of the authorised veterinary medicinal product incorporated into the medicated feed and should not exceed three weeks in the case of medicated feed with incorporated veterinary medicinal products containing active substances with the potential to select resistance. Significant and imminent health risks may be grounds for the limited and non-routine prophylactic use of vaccines and anti-parasitical treatments . Use in food-producing animals : the Commission proposal sets limits for the quantities of medicated feed that suppliers are allowed to provide to farmers (one month’s supply or 2 weeks for antimicrobials). Members considered that setting time limits of this type in an EU regulation is inappropriate. They suggested the quantities required for a treatment shall be determined in accordance with the summary of product characteristics included in the marketing authorisation of the veterinary medicinal product included in the prescription. Use of medicated feed containing antimicrobials : Members stated that the prophylactic use of medicated feed containing antibiotics shall not be allowed unless such use is permitted under the veterinary medicinal products. The use of antibiotics to enhance the performance of food-producing animals shall be prohibited. Prophylaxis with antibiotics shall not be applied routinely nor to compensate for poor hygiene or for inadequate husbandry conditions. However, such prophylaxis may be permitted in very exceptional cases before a disease is diagnosed or clinical signs of disease are present on the basis of the epidemiological and clinical knowledge of the veterinarian. Annexes : in annex IV, the report proposes changes to the permitted tolerances of deviations from the amount of an active substance indicated on the label, in order to adapt them to the proportions used in the manufacture of medicated feed.
  • date: 2018-07-10T00:00:00 type: Approval in committee of the text agreed at 1st reading interinstitutional negotiations body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/commissions/agri/lcag/2018/06-27/AGRI_LA(2018)007840_EN.pdf title: GEDA/A/(2018)007840
  • date: 2018-10-24T00:00:00 type: Debate in Parliament body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?secondRef=TOC&language=EN&reference=20181024&type=CRE title: Debate in Parliament
  • date: 2018-10-25T00:00:00 type: Results of vote in Parliament body: EP docs: url: https://oeil.secure.europarl.europa.eu/oeil/popups/sda.do?id=26983&l=en title: Results of vote in Parliament
  • date: 2018-10-25T00:00:00 type: Decision by Parliament, 1st reading/single reading body: EP docs: url: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?type=TA&language=EN&reference=P8-TA-2018-0422 title: T8-0422/2018 summary: The European Parliament adopted by 583 votes to 31 with 6 abstentions a legislative resolution on the for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the manufacture, placing on the market and use of medicated feed and repealing Council Directive 90/167/EEC. The European Parliament’s position adopted at first reading under the ordinary legislative procedure amended the Commission proposal as follows: Purpose : the proposed Regulation shall establish new rules on more responsible ways to produce, sell and use medicated feed to tackle the spread of antimicrobial resistance. It shall apply to: (i) the manufacture, storage and transport of medicated feed and intermediate products; (ii) the placing on the market, including import from third countries, and the use of medicated feed and intermediate products; (iii) the export to third countries of medicated feed and intermediate products. Composition : the feed business operator manufacturing the medicated feed or intermediate product shall ensure that the medicated feed or intermediate product is manufactured in compliance with the relevant conditions laid down in the veterinary prescription for medicated feed or, in the summary of the product characteristics, related to the veterinary medicinal products to be incorporated in the fee. Those conditions shall include particular provisions regarding known interactions between the veterinary medicinal products and the feed that may impair the safety or the efficacy of the medicated feed or intermediate product. Operators shall also take measures to avoid cross-contamination , i. e. contamination of a non-target feed with an active substance originating from the previous use of the facilities or equipment. The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in order to supplement this Regulation by establishing specific maximum levels of cross-contamination for active substances in non-target feed. Those delegated acts shall be based on a scientific risk assessment carried out by EFSA. Approval of establishments : the competent authority shall approve establishments only where an on-site visit, prior to start-up of the relevant activity , has demonstrated that the system put in place for the manufacture, storage, transport or placing on the market of medicated feed or intermediate products meets the specific requirements. Feed business operators dealing with some lower risk activities, such as certain types of transport, storage and retail, should be exempted from the approval obligation, however this should not exempt them from the registration obligation. Prudent use of antibiotics : the amended text emphasises that medical treatments, especially with antimicrobials, should never replace good husbandry, bio-security and management practices. The new rules shall ban prophylactic (preventive) use of medicated feed or its use for improving animal performance, except in some cases for medicated feed containing antiparasitic and immunological veterinary drugs. Metaphylactic use, i.e. treating the whole group of animals when one is infected, will be allowed only when the risk of spread of infection is high and there is no appropriate alternative. The use of medicated feed containing some antiparasitics shall be based on the knowledge of the parasite infestation status in the animal or group of animals. Prescription : in order to ensure the safe use of medicated feed, its supply and use shall be subject to presentation of a valid veterinary prescription for medicated feed which has been issued by a veterinarian after examination or any other proper assessment of the health status of the animals to be treated. Advertising : the new rules shall prohibit the advertising of medicated feed and intermediate products. That prohibition shall not apply to advertising made exclusively to veterinarians. The advertising shall not include information in any form which could be misleading or lead to incorrect use of the medicated feed. In addition, medicated feed shall not be distributed for promotional purposes except for small quantities of samples. Imports into the EU : operators importing medicated feed or intermediate products into the EU shall ensure that the use of veterinary medicinal products used for the manufacture of such medicated feed or intermediate products is authorised.
  • date: 2018-11-26T00:00:00 type: Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading body: EP/CSL
  • date: 2018-12-11T00:00:00 type: Final act signed body: CSL
  • date: 2018-12-11T00:00:00 type: End of procedure in Parliament body: EP
  • date: 2019-01-07T00:00:00 type: Final act published in Official Journal summary: PURPOSE: adopt new rules on medicated feed with a view to ensuring a high level of protection for human and animal health, providing adequate information for users and strengthening the effective functioning of the internal market. LEGISLATIVE ACT: Regulation (EU) 2019/4 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the manufacture, placing on the market and use of medicated feed, amending Regulation (EC) No 183/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Council Directive 90/167/EEC. CONTENT: the Regulation establishes new rules on more responsible ways to produce, sell and use medicated feeds for animals in order to combat the spread of antimicrobial resistance. It will apply to (i) the manufacture, storage and transport of medicated feed and intermediate products; (ii) the placing on the market, including import from third countries, and the use of medicated feed; (iii) the export to third countries of medicated feed. The new rules clarify, in particular, the following points: Approval of establishments Feed business operators manufacturing, storing, transporting or placing on the market medicated feed or intermediate products shall ensure that establishments under their control are approved by the competent authority. The competent authority shall approve establishments only where an on-site visit, prior to start-up of the relevant activity, has demonstrated that the system put in place for the manufacture, storage, transport or placing on the market of medicated feed or intermediate products meets the specific requirements of the Regulation. Feed business operators dealing with some lower risk activities, such as certain types of transport, storage and retail, will be exempted from the approval obligation, but this does not exempt them from the registration obligation. Cross-contamination Cross-contamination may occur during manufacture, processing, storage or transport of feed where the same production and processing equipment, including for mobile mixing, storage facilities or means of transport are used for feed with different components. The Regulation sets out harmonised requirements to prevent cross-contamination of non-target feed with active substances. The Commission may establish, by means of delegated acts, specific maximum levels of cross-contamination for active substances in non-target feed on the basis of a scientific risk assessment performed by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and in cooperation with the European Medicines Agency. Prescription and use The new rules specify how to prescribe and use medicated feed containing antimicrobial agents for food producing animals. The supply of medicated feed to animal keepers shall be subject to the presentation and, in case of manufacturing by on-farm mixers, the possession of a veterinary prescription for medicated feed. A veterinary prescription for medicated feed shall be issued only after a clinical examination or any other proper assessment of the health status of the animal or group of animals by a veterinarian and only for a diagnosed disease. Prophylaxis or use of medicated feed to enhance the performance of animals will not be allowed, except, in certain cases, as regards medicated feed containing antiparasitics and immunological veterinary medicinal products. The use of medicated feed containing antimicrobials for metaphylaxis will only be allowed when the risk of spread of an infection or of an infectious disease is high. The use of medicated feed containing some antiparasitics should be based on the knowledge of the parasite infestation status in the animal or group of animals. Advertising The advertising of medicated feed and intermediate products is prohibited. That prohibition shall not apply to advertising made exclusively to veterinarians. The advertising shall not include information in any form that could be misleading or lead to incorrect use of the medicated feed. Medicated feed shall not be distributed for promotional purposes except for small quantities of samples. ENTRY INTO FORCE: 27.1.2019. APPLICATION: from 28.1.2022. docs: title: Regulation 2019/4 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32019R0004 title: OJ L 004 07.01.2019, p. 0001 url: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=OJ:L:2019:004:TOC
other
  • body: EC dg: url: http://ec.europa.eu/info/departments/health-and-food-safety_en title: Health and Food Safety commissioner: ANDRIUKAITIS Vytenis Povilas
otherinst
  • name: European Economic and Social Committee
  • name: European Committee of the Regions
procedure/Mandatory consultation of other institutions
European Economic and Social Committee European Committee of the Regions
procedure/Modified legal basis
Old
Rules of Procedure EP 150
New
Rules of Procedure EP 159
procedure/dossier_of_the_committee
Old
AGRI/8/01705
New
  • AGRI/8/01705
procedure/final
title
Regulation 2019/4
url
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexplus!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32019R0004
procedure/instrument
Old
Regulation
New
  • Regulation
  • Repealing Directive 90/167/EEC Amending Regulation (EC) No 183/2005 2003/0071(COD)
procedure/other_consulted_institutions
European Economic and Social Committee European Committee of the Regions
procedure/stage_reached
Old
Awaiting Parliament 1st reading / single reading / budget 1st stage
New
Procedure completed
procedure/subject
Old
  • 3.10.08 Animal health requirements, veterinary legislation and pharmacy
  • 3.10.08.01 Feedingstuffs, animal nutrition
New
3.10.08
Animal health requirements, veterinary legislation and pharmacy
3.10.08.01
Feedingstuffs, animal nutrition
procedure/summary
  • Repealing Directive 90/167/EEC
activities/1/committees/0/shadows/1/mepref
Old
4f1ac846b819f25efd0000da
New
4f1ad9f7b819f207b3000047
activities/1/committees/0/shadows/1/name
Old
GIRLING Julie
New
NICHOLSON James
activities/3/committees/0/shadows/1/mepref
Old
4f1ac846b819f25efd0000da
New
4f1ad9f7b819f207b3000047
activities/3/committees/0/shadows/1/name
Old
GIRLING Julie
New
NICHOLSON James
activities/4/committees/0/shadows/1/mepref
Old
4f1ac846b819f25efd0000da
New
4f1ad9f7b819f207b3000047
activities/4/committees/0/shadows/1/name
Old
GIRLING Julie
New
NICHOLSON James
activities/5
date
2018-10-22T00:00:00
body
EP
type
Indicative plenary sitting date, 1st reading/single reading
committees/0/shadows/1/mepref
Old
4f1ac846b819f25efd0000da
New
4f1ad9f7b819f207b3000047
committees/0/shadows/1/name
Old
GIRLING Julie
New
NICHOLSON James
procedure/Modified legal basis
Old
Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament EP 150
New
Rules of Procedure EP 150
activities/0/commission/0/DG/url
Old
http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/health_food-safety/index_en.htm
New
http://ec.