BETA


2015/0005(COD) Macro-financial assistance to Ukraine

Progress: Procedure completed

RoleCommitteeRapporteurShadows
Lead INTA LANDSBERGIS Gabrielius (icon: PPE PPE) BOŞTINARU Victor (icon: S&D S&D), PIECHA Bolesław G. (icon: ECR ECR), VAN BAALEN Johannes Cornelis (icon: ALDE ALDE), JADOT Yannick (icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE)
Committee Opinion AFET SARYUSZ-WOLSKI Jacek (icon: PPE PPE)
Committee Opinion BUDG
Lead committee dossier:
Legal Basis:
TFEU 212

Events

2021/04/09
   EC - Follow-up document
2021/04/09
   EC - Follow-up document
2015/04/17
   Final act published in Official Journal
Details

PURPOSE: to grant macro-financial assistance to Ukraine (MFA) in order to support the new Ukrainian authorities in achieving their aims of stabilising the situation and pursuing the course of reforms.

LEGISLATIVE ACT: Decision (EU) 2015/601 of the European Parliament and of the Council providing macro-financial assistance to Ukraine.

CONTENT: the Decision provides that the Union shall make macro-financial assistance available to Ukraine of a maximum amount of EUR 1.8 billion , with a view to supporting Ukraine's economic stabilisation and a substantive reform agenda. The assistance shall contribute to covering Ukraine's balance of payments needs as identified in the International Monetary Fund (IMF) programme.

Form of assistance : the full amount of the Union's macro-financial assistance shall be provided to Ukraine in the form of loans. The Commission shall be empowered on behalf of the Union to borrow the necessary funds on the capital markets or from financial institutions and to on-lend them to Ukraine. The loans shall have a maximum maturity of 15 years .

Reform strategy : the Commission shall agree with the Ukrainian authorities on clearly defined economic policy and financial conditions, focusing on structural reforms and sound public finances, to which the Union's macro-financial assistance is to be subject. These conditions shall be laid down in a Memorandum of Understanding , which shall include a timeframe for the fulfilment of those conditions.

Conditions for granting the assistance : the assistance will be disbursed in three loan instalments. The provision of MFA is subject to the following:

a pre-condition that Ukraine respects effective democratic mechanisms — including a multi-party parliamentary system — and the rule of law, and guarantees respect for human rights. The Commission and the European External Action Service shall monitor the fulfilment of this pre-condition throughout the life-cycle of the Union's macro-financial assistance; a continuous satisfactory track record of Ukraine implementing a policy programme that contains strong adjustment and structural reform measures supported by a non-precautionary IMF credit arrangement; and the implementation of the economic policy and financial conditions agreed in the Memorandum of Understanding within a specific time-frame.

The Commission should regularly inform the European Parliament and the Council of developments relating to the assistance and provide them with relevant documents.

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 20.4.2015.

2015/04/15
   CSL - Draft final act
Documents
2015/04/15
   CSL - Final act signed
2015/03/31
   EP/CSL - Act adopted by Council after Parliament's 1st reading
2015/03/31
   EP - End of procedure in Parliament
2015/03/25
   EP - Results of vote in Parliament
2015/03/25
   EP - Debate in Parliament
2015/03/25
   EP - Decision by Parliament, 1st reading
Details

The European Parliament adopted by 492 votes to 107, with 13 abstentions, a legislative resolution on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council providing macro-financial assistance to Ukraine.

Parliament adopted its position at first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure without making amendments to the Commission proposal.

Under this Decision, the Union shall make macro-financial assistance available to Ukraine of a maximum amount of EUR 1.8 billion , with a view to supporting Ukraine's economic stabilisation and a substantive reform agenda. The assistance shall contribute to covering Ukraine's balance of payments needs as identified in the IMF programme.

The full amount of the Union's macro-financial assistance shall be provided to Ukraine in the form of loans . The Commission shall be empowered on behalf of the Union to borrow the necessary funds on the capital markets or from financial institutions and to on-lend them to Ukraine. The loans shall have a maximum maturity of 15 years. The Union's macro-financial assistance shall be made available by the Commission in three loan instalments.

A pre-condition for granting the Union's macro-financial assistance shall be that Ukraine respects effective democratic mechanisms – including a multi-party parliamentary system – and the rule of law, and guarantees respect for human rights.

The Commission shall regularly inform the European Parliament and the Council of developments regarding the Union's macro-financial assistance and shall provide those institutions with the relevant documents in due time.

Documents
2015/03/19
   EP - Vote in committee, 1st reading
2015/03/19
   EP - Committee report tabled for plenary, 1st reading
Details

The Committee on International Trade adopted the report by Gabrielius LANDSBERGIS (EPP, LT) on the proposal for a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council providing macro-financial assistance to Ukraine.

In its most recent resolution of 15 January 2015 on the situation in Ukraine, the European Parliament welcomed the proposal by the Commission to extend an additional EUR 1.8 billion in macro-financial assistance to Ukraine and called for a development of a major assistance plan for Ukraine.

In the current extremely difficult situation in which Ukraine finds itself, Members considered that the timely approval of the Commission proposal for macro-financial assistance to Ukraine is important to enable two of the three tranches (of EUR 600 million each) to be disbursed before the end of 2015. Such an approval would prove that the EU can act swiftly, decisively and commensurate with its political commitments.

It is for this reason that Members recommended the European Parliament to adopt its position at first reading following the ordinary legislative procedure, taking over the Commission proposal.

Documents
2015/03/16
   ES_PARLIAMENT - Contribution
Documents
2015/03/12
   EP - Committee opinion
Documents
2015/02/26
   EP - Amendments tabled in committee
Documents
2015/02/03
   EP - Committee draft report
Documents
2015/01/26
   EP - SARYUSZ-WOLSKI Jacek (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in AFET
2015/01/21
   EP - LANDSBERGIS Gabrielius (PPE) appointed as rapporteur in INTA
2015/01/15
   EP - Committee referral announced in Parliament, 1st reading
2015/01/08
   EC - Document attached to the procedure
2015/01/08
   EC - Legislative proposal published
Details

PURPOSE: to grant macro-financial assistance (MFA) to Ukraine of a maximum amount of EUR 1.8 billion.

PROPOSED ACT: Decision of the European Parliament and the Council.

ROLE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: the European Parliament decides in line with the ordinary legislative procedure on an equal footing with the Council.

BACKGROUND: the EU is seeking an increasingly close relationship with Ukraine that goes beyond mere bilateral cooperation, encompassing gradual political association and economic integration .

The EU signed a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) with Ukraine in 1998 that outlines the framework of cooperation in all key areas of reform and continues to be the legal basis of relations between the two parties. Relations were further reinforced in November 2009 when the EU-Ukraine Association Agenda was adopted, which was updated in 2011 (endorsed by the EU-Ukraine Cooperation Council in June 2013).

On 21 March and 27 June 2014, the EU and Ukraine signed an Association Agreement, which will establish a deep political association and economic integration between the EU and Ukraine.

The Ukrainian economy is experiencing a deep recession that is the result of long-standing macroeconomic imbalances and structural problems. The eruption of an armed conflict in the East aggravated the situation through sizable losses of productive capacity and reduced confidence which had a heavy toll on the economy.

The new government appointed in Ukraine following the political change in February 2014 envisaged the implementation of an ambitious reform Action Plan. These efforts have been seriously complicated, however, by the armed conflict in the East, growing trade restrictions from Russia, and the escalation of a natural gas dispute between the two countries.

As a result, the economic recession in Ukraine has become more severe than initially expected by international donors. In the current situation, Ukraine does not have access to international debt markets and is not expected to regain it in the short term.

This is why the Ukrainian authorities requested MFA from the EU of EUR 2 billion on 9 September 2014.

The European Commission is submitting to the European Parliament and the Council a proposal to grant MFA to Ukraine of maximum EUR 1.8 billion in the form of medium-term loans .

CONTENT: the proposal aims to grant MFA to Ukraine of a maximum amount of EUR 1.8 billion , with a view to supporting Ukraine's economic stabilisation and a substantive reform agenda. The assistance will contribute to cover Ukraine’s residual external financing needs in 2015-16, as identified by the Commission based on the estimates of the IMF.

The assistance shall be made available for a period of two and a half years, starting from the first day after the entry into force of the Memorandum of Understanding foreseen by the proposal.

Conditions for granting the assistance : the Commission and the Ukrainian authorities would agree on a Memorandum of Understanding setting out the structural reform measures associated with the proposed MFA operation, including aspects of timing and sequencing.

These measures will support the authorities’ reform agenda, including relevant elements of the aforementioned forthcoming National Reform Strategy for 2015-17, and the implementation of the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement, as well as complementing the programmes agreed with the IMF, the World Bank and other multilateral and bilateral donors.

A pre-condition for granting the assistance shall be that Ukraine respects effective democratic mechanisms - including a multi-party parliamentary system - and the rule of law, and guarantees respect for human rights.

Reform strategy : the Commission will seek consensus with the Ukrainian authorities on the expected National Reform Strategy, so as to facilitate smooth implementation also of the conditionality to be agreed in the proposed Memorandum of Understanding.

These policy conditions should address some of the fundamental weaknesses accumulated over the years by the Ukrainian economy. Possible areas of conditionality could in principle include:

· public finance management;

· anti-corruption;

· tax administration;

· reforms in the energy sector;

· financial sector reforms;

· and measures to improve the business environment.

Aid instalments : t he assistance will be disbursed in three loan instalments :

the 1st instalment is expected to take place in the middle of 2015 ; the 2nd instalment could be disbursed in the 4th quarter of 2015 ; the 3 rd and last instalment could be made available towards the end of the 1st quarter of 2016.

The disbursements would inter alia be conditional on satisfactory reviews under the IMF programme and the continued drawing by Ukraine on IMF funds.

Management of the assistance : the assistance will be managed by the Commission. Specific provisions on the prevention of fraud and other irregularities, consistent with the Financial Regulation, are applicable.

Where the circumstances permit, and if Ukraine so requests, the Commission may:

· take the steps necessary to ensure that an early repayment clause is included in the loan terms and conditions and the inclusion of a corresponding clause in the conditions of the borrowing operations;

· decide to refinance all or part of its initial borrowings or may restructure the corresponding financial conditions.

Implementing powers : implementing powers shall be conferred on the Commission in line with (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and the Council . The fact that the assistance is of a substantial amount and therefore has a potentially significant impact, justifies the use of the examination procedure , in this context.

Report : by 30 June of each year, the Commission shall submit to the European Parliament and to the Council a report on the implementation of this Decision in the preceding year, examining the progress made in implementing the Union's macro-financial assistance, the economic situation and prospects of Ukraine, as well as progress made in implementing the policy measures, indicating the connection between the economic policy conditions laid down in the Memorandum of Understanding, Ukraine’s on-going economic and fiscal performance and the Commission’s decisions to release the instalments of the Union's macro-financial assistance.

BUDGETARY IMPLICATION: the MFA would be provided in the form of a loan and should be financed through a borrowing operation that the Commission will conduct on behalf of the EU. The budgetary costs of the assistance will correspond to the provisioning, at a rate of 9%, of the amounts disbursed into the guarantee fund for external lending of the EU from budget line 01 03 06 (“Provisioning of the Guarantee Fund”).

Assuming that the first and second loan disbursements will be made in 2015 for a total amount of EUR 1,200 million and the third loan disbursement in 2016 for the amount of EUR 600 million, the provisioning will take place in the budgets for 2017 (for EUR 108 million) and 2018 (EUR 54 million).

Documents

Activities

Votes

A8-0056/2015 - Gabrielius Landsbergis - Am 7 #

2015/03/25 Outcome: -: 500, +: 89, 0: 26
CY IE LV LU EE MT EL DK BG SK SI FI AT LT CZ IT HR SE BE HU PT NL FR GB RO ES PL DE
Total
5
10
6
5
5
5
16
10
11
10
8
11
17
11
17
65
11
17
16
18
17
22
55
52
27
46
48
73
icon: EFDD EFDD
35

Lithuania EFDD

2

Sweden EFDD

2

France EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Cyprus GUE/NGL

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2

Ireland GUE/NGL

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4

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1

Finland GUE/NGL

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1

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2

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2

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3

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3

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3

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1
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37

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A8-0056/2015 - Gabrielius Landsbergis - Am 3 #

2015/03/25 Outcome: -: 539, +: 56, 0: 14
LU EE CY MT LV AT LT SI IE SK BG DK FI HR HU BE SE EL CZ PT IT NL FR RO GB PL ES DE
Total
5
5
5
5
6
16
10
8
10
10
11
10
11
11
18
15
17
16
17
18
63
22
56
27
52
48
46
70
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34

Lithuania EFDD

2

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2

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1

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1
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A8-0056/2015 - Gabrielius Landsbergis - Am 8 #

2015/03/25 Outcome: -: 488, +: 86, 0: 22
IE CY LV LU EE MT BG DK FI SK SI AT LT EL NL CZ HR PT IT BE HU SE FR GB RO ES PL DE
Total
10
5
6
5
5
5
11
10
10
10
8
17
11
15
22
17
11
18
63
16
18
17
50
50
26
44
47
68
icon: EFDD EFDD
34

Lithuania EFDD

2

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2

France EFDD

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1

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1
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4

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A8-0056/2015 - Gabrielius Landsbergis - Article 1 § 3 #

2015/03/25 Outcome: +: 509, -: 98, 0: 9
DE IT PL GB ES RO FR BE HU CZ PT SE LT HR BG NL AT FI SK DK SI LU EE MT LV IE CY EL
Total
73
65
48
52
46
27
56
16
18
17
18
17
11
11
12
22
16
11
10
10
8
5
5
5
6
10
5
15
icon: PPE PPE
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2
2

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1
icon: S&D S&D
158

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3

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2

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icon: ALDE ALDE
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A8-0056/2015 - Gabrielius Landsbergis - Am 1 #

2015/03/25 Outcome: -: 533, +: 67, 0: 13
LU EE CY MT EL LV IE SI AT LT DK BG SK FI HR SE HU BE NL CZ PT IT FR GB RO ES PL DE
Total
5
5
5
5
15
6
10
8
17
11
10
12
10
11
11
17
18
16
22
16
17
65
56
52
27
45
48
72
icon: EFDD EFDD
35

Lithuania EFDD

2

Sweden EFDD

2

France EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: NI NI
38

Hungary NI

2

Belgium NI

Abstain (1)

1

Netherlands NI

3

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
39

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

4

Denmark GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

3

Czechia GUE/NGL

2

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Italy GUE/NGL

2
3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
icon: Verts/ALE Verts/ALE
46

Luxembourg Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Estonia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Latvia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Austria Verts/ALE

3

Lithuania Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Denmark Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Finland Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Croatia Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Sweden Verts/ALE

3

Hungary Verts/ALE

Against (1)

1

Belgium Verts/ALE

2

Netherlands Verts/ALE

2

United Kingdom Verts/ALE

6
icon: ECR ECR
53

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Denmark ECR

2

Bulgaria ECR

2

Slovakia ECR

2

Finland ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

2
icon: ALDE ALDE
59

Luxembourg ALDE

Against (1)

1

Estonia ALDE

Against (2)

2

Ireland ALDE

Against (1)

1

Slovenia ALDE

Against (1)

1
3

Denmark ALDE

2

Croatia ALDE

2

Portugal ALDE

2

United Kingdom ALDE

Against (1)

1

Romania ALDE

3

Germany ALDE

3
icon: S&D S&D
157

Luxembourg S&D

Against (1)

1

Estonia S&D

Against (1)

1

Cyprus S&D

Against (1)

1

Malta S&D

Against (2)

2

Latvia S&D

Against (1)

1

Ireland S&D

Against (1)

1

Slovenia S&D

Against (1)

1

Lithuania S&D

2
3

Bulgaria S&D

For (1)

Against (1)

2
3

Finland S&D

2

Croatia S&D

2

Belgium S&D

Against (1)

1

Netherlands S&D

3

Czechia S&D

3
icon: PPE PPE
185

Luxembourg PPE

Against (2)

2

Estonia PPE

Against (1)

1

Cyprus PPE

2

Lithuania PPE

2

Denmark PPE

Against (1)

1

Sweden PPE

2

A8-0056/2015 - Gabrielius Landsbergis - Am 2 #

2015/03/25 Outcome: -: 516, +: 80, 0: 10
DK LU EE CY MT LV EL IE SK AT SI LT BG FI HR CZ SE NL BE HU PT IT FR GB RO PL ES DE
Total
10
4
5
5
5
6
16
10
10
17
8
11
12
11
11
15
17
22
16
18
18
64
52
50
27
48
45
72
icon: NI NI
38

Netherlands NI

3

Belgium NI

For (1)

1

Hungary NI

2

United Kingdom NI

Against (1)

1
icon: EFDD EFDD
33

Lithuania EFDD

2

Sweden EFDD

2

France EFDD

Abstain (1)

1

Poland EFDD

1
icon: GUE/NGL GUE/NGL
38

Denmark GUE/NGL

For (1)

1

Cyprus GUE/NGL

2

Ireland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

4

Finland GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Czechia GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Sweden GUE/NGL

Against (1)

1

Netherlands GUE/NGL

For (1)

3

Portugal GUE/NGL

3

Italy GUE/NGL

2
3

United Kingdom GUE/NGL

Abstain (1)

1
icon: ECR ECR
52

Denmark ECR

2

Greece ECR

For (1)

1

Slovakia ECR

Against (1)

2

Lithuania ECR

Against (1)

1

Bulgaria ECR

2

Finland ECR

Against (1)

1

Croatia ECR

Against (1)

1

Czechia ECR

Against (1)

2